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Arizona State University Arizona State University (commonly referred to as ASU or Arizona State) is a public research university[7] located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area of the U.S. state of Arizona.[8] With a 2011 enrollment of 72,254, it is the largest public university in the United States by enrollment.b[›]DELL Latitude D830  Keyboard Founded in 1885 as the Tempe Normal School for the Arizona Territory, the school came under control of the Arizona Board of Regents in 1945 and was renamed Arizona State College.[9] A 1958 statewide ballot measure gave the university its present name. HP Pavilion G60-230  Keyboard ASU awards bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees, and is broadly organized into 15 divisions and various institutes spread across four campuses: the original Tempe campus, the West campus in northwest Phoenix, the Polytechnic campus in eastern Mesa, and the Downtown Phoenix campus. All four campuses are accredited as a single institution by the Higher Learning Commission.[10]SONY VAIO VGN-C2S Series  Keyboard ASU's athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are collectively known as the Arizona State Sun Devils. They are members of the Pacific-12 Conference and have won 23 national championships. HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee  Keyboard Originally named the Tempe Normal School, the institution was founded on March 12, 1885, after John Samuel Armstrong first introduced House Bill 164, "An Act to Establish a Normal school in the Territory of Arizona to the 13th Legislative Assembly of the Arizona Territory. Instruction was instituted on February 8, 1886 under the supervision of Principal Hiram Bradford Farmer. Land for the school was donated by Tempe residents George and Martha Wilson, allowing 33 students to meet in a single room.[11]ASUS X53S  Keyboard At the beginning of the 20th century, the school's name was changed from Tempe Normal School to the Normal School of Arizona. Before becoming a college, the Normal School enrolled high school students with no other secondary education facilities. Under the 30 year tenure of president Arthur John Matthews the school was given all-college student status. IBM Lenovo Thinkpad X201  Keyboard The first dormitories built in the state were constructed under his supervision. Of the 18 buildings constructed while Matthews was president, six are still currently in use. Matthews envisioned an "evergreen campus," with many shrubbery brought to the campus. He also implemented the planting of Palm Walk, now one of the feature landmarks of the Tempe campus. His legacy is being continued to this day with the main campus having the honor of being declared a nationally recognized arboretum.[12] DELL Vostro PP37L  Keyboard During the Great Depression, Ralph W. Swetman was hired as president for a three-year term.[13] Although enrollment increased by almost 100% during his tenure due to the depression, many faculty were terminated and faculty salaries were cut.[14] DELL V020902AS1  Keyboard In 1933, Grady Gammage, then president of Arizona State Teachers College at Flagstaff, became president of Arizona State Teachers College at Tempe, a tenure that would last for nearly 28 years. Like his predecessor, Gammage oversaw the construction of a number of buildings on the Tempe campus. Dr. Gammage oversaw the development of the university, graduate programs, and the renaming of the Arizona State College to Arizona State University in 1958. TOSHIBA Satellite A300  Keyboard By the 1960s, with the presidency of Dr. G. Homer Durham, Arizona State University began to expand its academic curriculum by establishing several new colleges and beginning to award Doctor of Philosophy and other doctoral degrees.[15]DELL V020902AS1  Keyboard The next three presidents—Harry K. Newburn, 1969–71, John W. Schwada, 1971–81, and J. Russell Nelson, 1981–89—and Interim President Richard Peck, 1989, led the university to increased academic stature, creation of the West Campus, and rising enrollment. IBM Thinkpad R61i  Keyboard Under the leadership of Dr. Lattie F. Coor, from 1990 to June 2002, ASU grew through the creation of the Polytechnic campus and extended education sites. His commitment to diversity, quality in undergraduate education, research, and economic development underscored the university's significant gains in each of these areas over his 12-year tenure. Part of Dr. Coor's legacy to the university was a successful fund-raising campaign: HP 516884-001  Keyboard Through private donations, more than $500 million was invested in targeted areas that would significantly impact the future of ASU. Among the campaign's achievements were the naming and endowing of the Barrett Honors College, the Katherine K. Herberger College of Fine Arts, and the Morrison School of Agribusiness and Resource Management; the creation of many new endowed faculty positions; and hundreds of new scholarships and fellowships.[16]TOSHIBA P205-S6337  Keyboard ASU's Tempe campus is located in downtown Tempe, Arizona, about eight miles (13 km) east of downtown Phoenix. The campus is considered urban, and is approximately 642 acres (2.6 km2) in size. The campus is arranged around broad pedestrian malls and is completely encompassed by an arboretum.[26][27] The Tempe campus is also the largest of ASU's campuses, with 59,794a[›] students enrolled in at least one class on campus.[3]TOSHIBA P205-S7469  Keyboard The Tempe campus is ASU's original campus, and Old Main, the first building constructed, still stands today. There are many notable landmarks on campus, including Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, Palm Walk, which is lined by 111 palm trees,[28] Charles Trumbull Hayden Library, the University Club Building, ACER Aspire 7741  Keyboard and University Bridge. In addition, the campus has an extensive public art collection, considered one of the ten best among university public art collections in America according to Public Art Review.[29] Against the northwest edge of campus is the Mill Avenue district (part of downtown Tempe) which has a college atmosphere that attracts many students to its restaurants and bars. The Tempe campus is also home to all of the university's athletic facilities. Bell Easynote TK85  Keyboard On July 1, 2002, Michael Crow became the university's 16th president. At his inauguration, President Crow outlined his vision for transforming ASU into a "New American University"—one that would be open and inclusive. Further, Crow initiated the idea of transforming ASU into "One University in Many Places" by merging ASU's several campuses into a single institution, ACER TravelMate 5742  Keyboard sharing students, faculty, staff and accreditation. Aided by hundreds of millions of dollars in donations, ASU embarked on an aggressive years-long research facility capital building effort, resulting in the establishment of the Biodesign Institute and several large interdisciplinary research buildings. Along with the research facilities, the university faculty was expanded, including the addition of three Nobel Laureates.[17] In addition, ASU'sDowntown Phoenix campus was vastly expanded with several of the University's colleges and schools relocated to the downtown campus. SONY VAIO VGN-CR21/B  Keyboard The economic downturn that began in 2008 took a particularly hard toll on Arizona, resulting in large cuts to ASU's budget.[18] In response to these cuts, ASU underwent several rounds of reorganizations,[19] combining academic departments, consolidating colleges and schools, and reducing university staff and administrators. But, with an economic recovery underway in 2011, HP Envy 17-3002ea  Keyboard ASU continued its campaign by expanding the West and Polytechnic Campuses,[20] and establishing a set of low-cost, teaching-focused extension campuses in Lake Havasu City and Payson, Arizona[21] In late 2011, ASU launched a collaboration with the Mayo Clinic to create a medical school.[22] As part of the collaboration with Mayo, ASU moved some academic departments onto the Mayo Clinic campus in Scottsdale, Arizona.[23]HP Mini 210-1135LA  Keyboard The West campus was established in 1984 by the Arizona Legislature and sits on 250 acres (1.0 km2) in a suburban area of northwest Phoenix. The West campus lies about 12 miles (19 km) northwest of downtown Phoenix, and about 18 miles (29 km) northwest of the Tempe campus. The West campus is designated as a Phoenix Point of Pride,[30]GATEWAY NV-78  Keyboard and is nearly completely powered by a 4.6MW solar array.[31] This campus is home to the New College of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences, theMary Lou Fulton Teachers College, and selected programs of the W.P. Carey School of Business. The campus, patterned after the University of Oxford’s architecture, is currently building a new residence hall, dining facility and recreation center to open in 2012.[32]Packard Bell Easynote TK87  Keyboard Founded in 1996 as "ASU East," the ASU Polytechnic campus serves 10,521 students and is home to more than 40 bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees in professional and technical programs through the College of Technology and Innovation, and selected programs of the W.P. Carey School of Business/Morrison School of Agribusiness and Resource Management, HP Envy 17-3002ea  Keyboard Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College, the School of Letters and Sciences, and College of Nursing and Health Innovation. The 600-acre (2.4 km2) campus located in southeast Mesa, Arizona, approximately 25 miles (40 km) southeast of the Tempe campus, and 33 miles (53 km) southeast of downtown Phoenix. The Polytechnic campus sits on the former Williams Air Force Base. TOSHIBA NB200-10G  Keyboard Downtown Phoenix campus The newest of ASU's four campuses, the Downtown Phoenix campus was established in 2006 on the north side of Downtown Phoenix.[33] The campus has an urban design, with several large modern academic buildings intermingled with commercial and retail office buildings. In addition to the new buildings, the campus included the adaptive reuse of several existing structures, HP G62-a12SV  Keyboard including a 1930s era Post Office that is on the National Register of Historic Places. Serving 17,151[3]students, the campus houses the College of Nursing and Health Innovation, College of Public Programs, Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication, and School of Criminology and Criminal Justice.[34]TOSHIBA Mini NB 505-SP0160  Keyboard In response to demands for lower-cost public higher education in Arizona, ASU is developing a number of small, undergraduate-only college locations throughout Arizona. Colleges @ ASU locations will be teaching-focused, and will provide a selection of popular undergraduate majors. The first is being planned for Lake Havasu City with programs available as early as fall 2012.[35]DELL Latitude 131L  Keyboard ASU offers more than 50 undergraduate and graduate degree programs through an entirely online platform, known as ASU Online. The degree programs delivered online hold the same accreditation as the university's traditional face-to-face programs, and students earn many of the same degrees as those who attended courses in person. TOSHIBA Satellite L555-S7929  Keyboard Online students are taught by the same faculty and receive the same diploma as on-campus students. As of spring 2012, more than 5,000 students were enrolled at ASU Online. ASU Online is headquartered at ASU's Skysong campus in Scottsdale, Arizona. ASU Online was ranked #1 in online Student Services and Technology by U.S. News and World Report.  IBM Lenovo Thinkpad X201  Keyboard Admission to any of the public universities in Arizona is ensured to residents in the top 25% of their high-school class with a GPA of 3.0[36] in core competencies. In 2011-2012, ASU admitted 86.6% of all applicants[37] and is considered a "selective" university by U.S. News and World Report. Packard Bell Easynote TM80  Keyboard Barrett, The Honors College is ranked 1st in the nation [38] among peer institutions (1300-1400 minimum SAT) and 5th in Overall Excellence among all universities. Like most of ASU's colleges and schools (e.g. Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication, W.P. Carey School of Business, Sandra Day O'Conner College of Law, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, etc.[36]), TOSHIBA Satellite L300  Keyboard Barrett College maintains much more strict admissions standards. Furthermore, Barrett College provides a more rigorous curriculum with smaller classes and increased faculty interaction.[39] Although there are no set minimum admissions criteria for Barrett College, the average GPA of incoming freshmen was 3.84, with average SAT scores of 1314/1600 and ACT scores of 29.[40] The Honors college enrolls 3523 undergraduate students, 613 of whom areNational Merit Scholars.[41] HP G62-225NR  Keyboard ASU offers over 250 majors to undergraduate students, and more than 100 graduate programs leading to numerous masters and doctoral degrees in the liberal arts and sciences, design and arts, engineering, journalism, education, business, law, nursing, public policy, technology, and sustainability. These programs are divided into 15 colleges and schools which are spread across ASU's four campuses. ASU uses a plus-minus grading system with highest cumulative GPA awarded of 4.0 (at time of graduation). ASUS F82Q  Keyboard ASU's undergraduate program is ranked 65th for public universities and 132nd of 280 "national universities" by the 2012 US News and World Report ranking of US colleges and universities; and, for the fourth year in a row, ASU was ranked in the top 10[49] for "Up and Coming" universities in the US, for substantial improvements to academics and facilities.[50] In addition, ASU is ranked 78th in the world / 45th in the US by the Academic Ranking of World Universities[51] and was named as one of "America's Best College Buys" by Forbes magazine.[52] ACER Aspire 5742  Keyboard In 2012, "ASU students ranked fifth among all public universities in National Science Foundation grants for graduate study and 11th among all universities, including the Ivy institutions. Among other things, the high achievement in this area of excellence points to consistently strong advising and support, a logical outcome of Barrett (Arizona State University's honor college) investing more in honors staff than any other honors program that" Public University Honors reviewed. ACER Aspire 7535  Keyboard For its efforts to be a national leader in campus sustainability, ASU was named one of the top 20 "cool schools" by theSierra Club,[53] was named to the "Green Honor Roll" by the Princeton Review,[54] and earned an "A-" grade on the 2010 College Sustainability Report Card.[55]ASUS X53S  Keyboard Several of ASU's graduate schools also appear among the top of the US News & World Report rankings, including the 30th-ranked W. P. Carey School of Business[56](along with its 4th-ranked program in Supply Chain Management and the 15th-ranked program in Information Systems), the 26th-ranked Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law,[57] HP G56-118CA  Keyboard the 43rd-ranked Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering (including five individual programs ranked in the top 30),[58] the 16th-ranked School of Public Affairs,[59] the 26th-ranked Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College,[60] the 21st-ranked College of Nursing and Health, and 25th-ranked Healthcare Management.[61] In addition, the individual Ph.D. programs in Psychology (36th of 240),[62] Earth Science (17th of 108),[63] and Criminology (12th)[64] also earned high rankings. HP 605344-001  Keyboard ASU's faculty and students are served by two dedicated general-topic libraries: Hayden Library, which is the largest of the ASU libraries and is located on the Tempe campus, and Fletcher Library, located on the west campus. In addition, the Ross-Blakley Law Library and the Noble Science Library are housed in dedicated facilities on the Tempe campus. Music and Architecture collections are housed in facilities within the schools of Music and Architecture, respectively. Smaller library facilities are also located on the Polytechnic and Downtown campuses.[65] As of 2009, ASU's libraries held 4.4 million volumes.[66]TOSHIBA NB200  Keyboard Athletics Arizona State University's Division I athletic teams are called the Sun Devils, which is also the nickname used to refer to students and alumni of the university. They compete in the Pac-12 Conference in 20 varsity sports. Historically, the university has shown great athletic dominance in men's, women's, and mixed archery; men's, women's, and mixed badminton; women's golf; HP 508112-001  Keyboard women's swimming and diving; and baseball. The Sun Devils have played in the Fiesta Bowlfive times, and in 1987 the ASU football team won the Rose Bowl, defeating the University of Michigan 22–15. Arizona State University's NCAA Division I-A program competes in 9 varsity sports for men and 11 for women. HP 580030-001  Keyboard The Sun Devil mascot is named Sparky. The university is a member of the Pacific-12 Conference in all varsity sports. ASU's current athletic director is Steve Patterson. In 2012 he took over for Lisa Love, formerly senior associate athletic director at theUniversity of Southern California. Love was responsible for the hiring of coaches Herb Sendek, the men's basketball coach, and Dennis Erickson, the men's football coach. Erickson was also fired in 2012, and replaced by Todd Graham.  TOSHIBA Satellite 2410 PS241L-5Y34T  Keyboard ASU has won 23 national collegiate team championships in the following sports: baseball (5), men's golf (2), women's golf (7), men's gymnastics (1), softball (2), men's indoor track (1), women's indoor track (2), men's outdoor track (1), women's outdoor track (1), and wrestling (1).[67]ACER Aspire One D150-1920  Keyboard In September 2009 criticism over the seven-figure salaries earned by various coaches at Arizona's public universities (including ASU) prompted the Arizona Board of Regents to re-evaluate the salary and benefit policy for athletic staff.[68]SAMSUNG X20  Keyboard Arizona State Sun Devils football was founded in 1897 under coach Fred Irish.[69] Currently, the team has played in the 2007 Holiday Bowl, 1997 Rose Bowl and also won the Rose Bowl in 1987 as well as the Fiesta Bowl in 1982, 1975, 1973, 1972, and 1971. In 1970 they were co-champions of the NCAA Division I FBS National Football Championship. Additionally, the Sun Devils were Pac-10 Champions in 1986, 1996, and 2007. DELL Vostro 1510  Keyboard Arizona State University has an active extracurricular involvement program (Sun Devil Involvement Center) with over 600 registered clubs and organizations on campus.[70] Located on the 3rd floor of the Memorial Union, the Sun Devil Involvement Center (SDIC) provides opportunities for student involvement through clubs, sororities, fraternities,community service, leadership, student government, and co-curricular programming. TOSHIBA P205-S6337  Keyboard Changemaker Central is student-run centralized resource hub for student involvement in social entrepreneurship, civic engagement, service learning and community service that catalyzes student-driven social change. Changemaker Central locations have opened on all campuses in Fall 2011, providing flexible, creative workspaces for everyone in the ASU community. HP G61-450EE  Keyboard DELL PVDG3  Keyboard The project is entirely student run and advances ASU’s institutional commitments to social embeddedness and entrepreneurship. The space allows students to meet, work and join new networks and collaborative enterprises while taking advantage of ASU’s many resources and opportunities for engagement.[71] Changemaker Central has signature programs, TOSHIBA Satellite L300-156  Keyboard including Innovation Challenge and 10,000 Solutions, that support students in their journey to become changemakers by creating communities of support around new solutions/ideas and increasing access to early stage seed funding.[72] The Innovation Challenge seeks undergraduate and graduate students from across the university who are dedicated to making a difference in our local and global communities through innovation. Students can win up to $10,000 to make their innovative project, prototype, HP 506782-001  Keyboard venture or community partnership ideas happen.[73] The 10,000 Solutions Project leverages the power of collaborative imagination and innovation to create a solutions bank. As an experimental problem solving platform, the project showcases and collects ideas at scale with local and global impact. The 10,000 Solutions Project aims to see what can be accomplished when passionate people join a collaborative community that builds upon each other’s innovative ideas.[74]TOSHIBA Satellite P300  Keyboard In addition to Changemaker Central, the Freshman Year Residential Experience (FYRE) and the Greek community (Greek Life) at Arizona State University have been important in binding students to the university, and providing social outlets. TOSHIBA NB200  Keyboard The Freshman Year Residential Experience at Arizona State University was developed to improve the freshman experience at Arizona State University and increase student retention figures. FYRE provides advising, computer labs, free walk-in tutoring, workshops, and classes for students. In 2003, U.S. News and World Report ranked FYRE as the 23rd best first year program in the nation.  COMPAQ Presario CQ60-201EP  Keyboard The second Eta chapter of Phrateres, a non-exclusive, non-profit social-service club, was installed here in 1958. Between 1924 and 1967, 23 chapters of Phrateres were installed in universities across North America. ASUS X53S  Keyboard The State Press is a daily paper published on Monday through Friday during the fall and spring semesters, and weekly during the summer sessions. The State Press covers news and events on all four ASU campuses. Student editors and managers are solely responsible for the content of the State Press newspaper and its associated website. These publications are overseen by an independent board and guided by a professional adviser employed by the University. SONY VAIO VPCF12AFM  Keyboard @west news is an independent, student-run newspaper covering news and events on ASU's west campus. ASU has two radio stations. KASC The Blaze 1330 AM, is a broadcast station that is owned and funded by the Cronkite School of Journalism, and is completely student-run save for a faculty and professional adviser. The Blaze broadcasts local, alternative and independent music 24 hours a day, and also features news and sports updates at the top and bottom of every hour.[75] W7ASU is anamateur radio station that was first organized in 1935. W7ASU has about 30 members that enjoy amateur radio, and is primarily acontesting club.[76]HP Pavilion DV7-3065dx  Keyboard Associated Students of Arizona State University (ASASU) is the student government at Arizona State University.[77] It is composed of the Undergraduate Student Government and the Graduate & Professional Student Association (GPSA). Members and officers of ASASU are elected annually by the student body. Compaq Presario CQ62-112TU  Keyboard The Residence Hall Association (RHA) of Arizona State University is the student government for every ASU student living on-campus. Each ASU campus has an RHA that operates independently of each other. HP Mini 110-3118cl  Keyboard The purpose of RHA is to enhance the quality of residence hall life and provide a cohesive voice for the residents by addressing the concerns of the on-campus populations to university administrators and other campus organizations; providing cultural, diversity, educational, and social programming; establishing and working with individual hall councils. COMPAQ Presario C700  Keyboard ASU faculty have included former CNN host Aaron Brown, meta-analysis developer Gene V. Glass, feminist and author Gloria Feldt, and Pulitzer Prize winner andThe Ants author Bert Hölldobler. Donald Johanson, who discovered the 3.18 million year old fossil hominid Lucy (Australopithecus) in Ethiopia, is also a professor at ASU, as well as George Poste, Chief Scientist for the Complex Adaptive Systems Initiative. Nobel laureate faculty include Leland Hartwell,[78]Edward C. Prescott, and Elinor Ostrom.[citation needed]HP Mini 110-3101tu  Keyboard Campus emrollment figures at ASU are defined by the number of students taking at least one course offered by a department housed on a particular campus. Students who are enrolled in classes on more than one campus (estimated to be 27,484) are counted within each campus's total.ASU is the largest research university in the US under a single administration (one President, Provost, VPs, etc.). In addition ASU's Tempe campus is thelargest single university campus in the US.  ACER TravelMate 2490 Series  Keyboard After the expansion of the New Mexico Territory in 1853 by the Gadsden Purchase, proposals for a division of the territory and the organization of a separate Territory of Arizona in the southern half of the territory were advanced as early as 1856. The first proposals for the Arizona Territory were not based on the current north-south division, but rather a division along an east-west line. Packard Bell PEW91  Keyboard The proposals arose from concerns about the effectiveness of the territorial government of in Santa Fe to effectively administer the newly acquired southern portions of the territory [1]. SONY VAIO VGN-NW240F  Keyboard The first proposal dates from a conference held in Tucson that convened on August 29, 1856. The conference issued a petition to the U.S. Congress, signed by 256 people, requesting organization of the territory and elected Nathan P. Cooke as the territorial delegate to Congress. In January 1857, the bill for the organization of the territory was introduced into the United States House of Representatives, IBM Thinkpad T61P  Keyboard but the proposal was defeated on the grounds that the population of the proposed territory was yet too small. Later a similar proposal was defeated in theSenate. The proposal for creation of the territory was controversial in part because of the perception that the New Mexico Territory was under the influence of southern sympathizers who were highly desirous of expanding slavery into the southwest. Lenovo 3000 G530 4151  Keyboard In February 1858, the New Mexico territorial legislative adopted a resolution in favor of the creation of the Arizona territory, but with a north-south border along the 109th meridian, with the additional stipulation that all the Indians of New Mexico would be removed to northern Arizona. ASUS NSK-U1001  Keyboard In April 1860, impatient for Congress to act, a convention of thirty-one delegates met in Tucson and adopted a constitution for a provisional territorial government of the area south of 34 degrees north. The delegates elected Lewis Owings as provisional governor. DELL Inspiron 6400  Keyboard At the outbreak of the Civil War, sentiment in the territory was in favor of the Confederacy. Territorial secession conventions were called at Mesilla and Tucson in March 1861 that adopted an ordinance of secession, established a Provisional Confederate Territory of Arizona with Owings as its governor, and petitioned the Confederate Congress for admission. DELL Latitude D510  Keyboard Early in war, the Confederacy regarded the territory as a valuable route for possible access to the Pacific Ocean, with the specific intention of capturing California. In July 1861, a small Confederate force of Texans under the command of Lieutenant Colonel John R. Baylor assaulted Fort Fillmore at Mesilla in the eastern part of the territory.  ASUS X53S  Keyboard After the fort was abandoned by the Union garrison, Baylor's force cut off the fleeing Union troops and forced them to surrender. On August 1, Baylor issued a "The Proclamation to the People of the Territory of Arizona", taking possession of the territory for the Confederacy, with Mesilla as the capital and himself as the governor. Baylor's subsequent dismantling of the existing Union forts in the territory left the white settlers at the mercy of the Apache, who quickly gained control of the area and forced many of the white settlers to seek refuge in Tucson. ACER Aspire 5742  Keyboard On August 28, a convention met again in Tucson and declared that the territory formed the previous year was part of the Confederacy. Granville H. Oury was elected as delegate to the Confederate Congress. Oury drafted legislation authorizing the organization of the Confederate Territory of Arizona. The legislation passed on January 13, 1862, and the territory was officially created by proclamation of President Jefferson Davis on February 14. TOSHIBA Satellite L755-SP5102CL  Keyboard The following month, in March 1862, the U.S. House of Representatives, now devoid of the southern delegates and controlled by Republicans, passed a bill to create the United States Arizona Territory using the north-south border of the 107th meridian. The use of a north-south border rather than an east-west one had the effect of denying a de facto ratification of the Confederate Arizona Territory. SONY VAIO VGN-NR11Z/S  Keyboard The house bill stipulated that Tucson was to be capital. The final bill passed the Senate in February 1863 without the Tucson-as-capital stipulation, and was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on February 24, the date of the official organization of the US Arizona Territory. The first capital was at Prescott, in the northern Union-controlled area. HP G62-b20ES  Keyboard In 1867, following the end of the Civil War, the capital was moved to Tucson, and in 1889 it was moved to Phoenix. The territory was admitted to the Union as the 48th state on February 14, 1912. Arizona (i/ɛrɪˈzoʊnə/; /ærɪˈzoʊnə/) (Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo; O'odham: Alĭ onak) is a state of the United States, located in the southwestern region of the country. Arizona is also part of the Western United States and of the Mountain West states. Arizona is the sixth most extensive and the 16th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. The second largest city is Tucson, followed in population by eight cities of the Phoenix metropolitan area: Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale, Gilbert, Tempe, Peoria, and Surprise. HP 550  Keyboard Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, and it achieved statehood on February 14, 1912. Arizona is noted for its desert climate in its southern half, where there are very hot summers and quite mild winters. COMPAQ Presario C700  Keyboard The northern half of Arizona also features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees, a very large, high plateau (the Colorado Plateau) and some mountain ranges—such as the San Francisco Mountains—as well as large, deep canyons, where there is much more moderate weather for three seasons of the year, plus significant snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff and Alpine.  HP MP-08K33US6930  Keyboard Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. Arizona has borders with New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, and Mexico, and it has one point in common with the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona has a 389-mile (626 km)-long international border with the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.  SONY VGN-FE41S  Keyboard Arizona is the most populous landlocked state of the United States[citation needed], ranking slightly ahead of Tennesseeas of 2011. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, several national forests, national parks, and national monuments are located in Arizona. About one-quarter of Arizona[8] is federal land that serves as the home of the Navajo Nation; the Hopi tribe; the Tohono O'odham; the Apache tribe; the Yaqui peoples; and various Yuman tribes, such as theYavapai people, the Quechan people, and the Hualapai people. Packard Bell Easynote TK85  Keyboard The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is an association of 1,281 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United Statesand Canada. It is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana. TOSHIBA Satellite Pro A120 Series  Keyboard In August 1973, the current three-division setup of Division I, Division II, and Division III was adopted by the NCAA membership in a special convention. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletesfor playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. Generally, Packard Bell Easynote TK87  Keyboard larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was further divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently the term "Division I-AAA" was briefly added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, but that term is no longer officially used by the NCAA.[3] In 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were respectively renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) and Football Championship Subdivision (FCS). HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa  Keyboard Inter-collegiate sports in the US began in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale met in a challenge race in the sport of rowing. As rowing remained the pre-eminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose were settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. Packard Bell NEW95  Keyboard As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and often had to be adapted for each contest. DELL Inspiron N5030  Keyboard TOSHIBA Satellite L755-S5168  Keyboard The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt to "encourage reforms" to college football practices in the early 20th century, which had resulted in repeated injuries and deaths and "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport."[1] Following those White House meetings, SONY VAIO VGN-N21M/W  Keyboard Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a meeting of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes; at a follow-on meeting, 62 institutions became charter members of the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS).[1] The IAAUS was officially established on March 31, 1906, and took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910.[1]SAMSUNG NP-N145-JP04  Keyboard Until the 1980s, the association did not offer women's athletics. Instead an organization named the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) governed women's collegiate sports in the United States. By 1982, however, all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics and most members of the AIAW joined the NCAA. HP G61-415SA  Keyboard The modern era of the NCAA began in July 1952 when its executive director, Kansas City, Missouri native Walter Byers, moved the organization's headquarters from the LaSalle Hotel in Chicago (where its offices were shared by the headquarters of theBig Ten Conference) to the Fairmount Building at 101 West 11th Street in Downtown Kansas City. The move was intended to separate the NCAA from direct influence of any individual conference and to keep it centrally located. TOSHIBA Portege R100  Keyboard In 1989 it moved six miles (10 km) further south into the suburbs to 6201 College Boulevard in Overland Park, Kansas. The new building was on 11.35 acres (45,900 m2) and had 130,000 square feet (12,000 m2) of space.[7]ACER NSK-H3S01  Keyboard The NCAA was dissatisfied with its Johnson County, Kansas suburban location noting that its location on the south edges of the Kansas City suburbs was more than 40 minutes from Kansas City International Airport. They also noted that the suburban location was not drawing visitors to its new visitors' centre.[8]SONY AEGD1U00020  Keyboard In 1997 it asked for bids for a new headquarters. Various cities competed for a new headquarters with the two finalists being Kansas City and Indianapolis. Kansas City proposed to relocate the NCAA back downtown near the Crown Center complex and would locate the visitors' centre in Union Station (Kansas City). However Kansas City's main sports venue Kemper Arena was nearly 30 years old.[8]SONY VAIO VGN-SZ220  Keyboard Indianapolis argued that it was in fact more central than Kansas City in that two thirds of the members are east of the Mississippi River.[8] Further the 50,000-seat RCA Dome far eclipsed the 17,000-seat Kemper. In 1999 the NCAA moved its 300 member staff to its new headquarters in the White River State Park in a four-story, 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2) facility on the west edge of downtown Indianapolis, Indiana. Adjacent to the headquarters is the 35,000-square-foot (3,300 m2) NCAA Hall of Champions.[9]HP Pavilion dv6000  Keyboard The NCAA has never sanctioned an official championship in the highest level of football, now known as Division I FBS. Instead, several outside bodies award their own titles; see below. As of December 2011,[13] UCLA, Stanford, and University of Southern California have the most NCAA championships; UCLA holds the most, winning a combined 108 team championships in men's and women's sports, with Stanford second, with 103, University of Southern California third with 95, Abilene Christian with 55, and then Oklahoma State with 50. TOSHIBA Satellite A200-1Ai  Keyboard During the 2008-09 school year, the Pac-10 conference captured 11 NCAA titles, outperforming any other conference. It was followed by the ACC and Big Ten with five championships, and by the Big 12 and SEC conferences with four each.[14]SONY VAIO VGN-NR21Z/S  Keyboard The NCAA currently awards 87 national championships yearly; 44 women's, 40 men's, and coed championships for fencing, rifle, and skiing. For every NCAA sanctioned sport other than Division I FBS football, the NCAA awards trophies with gold, silver, and bronze plating for the first, second, and third place teams respectively.[citation needed] HP G42-415DX Keyboard In the case of the NCAA basketball tournaments, both semifinalists who did not make the championship game receive bronze plated trophies for third place (prior to 1982 the teams played a "consolation" game to determine third place).[citation needed] Similar trophies are awarded to both semifinalists in the NCAA football tournaments (which are conducted in Division I FCS and both lower divisions), which have never had a third-place game. Winning teams maintain permanent possession of these trophies unless it is later found that they were won via serious rules violations. TOSHIBA Satellite C650-182 Keyboard ACER TravelMate 3002WTMi Keyboard Starting with the 2001 season, and again in 2008, the trophies were changed.[citation needed] Starting in the 2007 basketball season, teams that make the Final Four in the Division I tournament receive bronze plated "regional championship" trophies upon winning their Regional Championship. The teams that make the National Championship game receive an additional trophy that is gold plated for the winner and silver plated for the runner-up. HP 550 Keyboard HP Pavilion dv5-1104tu Keyboard Starting in the mid-1990s, the National Champions in men's and women's basketball receive a very elaborate trophy sponsored by Siemens with a black marble base and crystal "neck" with a removable crystal basketball following the presentation of the standard NCAA Championship trophy. SONY VAIO PCG-FR315M Keyboard The NCAA does not hold a championship tournament for Division I FBS football. In the past, the "national championship" went to teams that placed first in any of a number of season-ending media polls, most notable the AP Poll of writers and the Coaches Poll. Currently, the Bowl Championship Series—an association of the conferences and independent schools that compete in Division I FBS and four bowl games—has arranged to place the top two teams (based on a formula blending human polls and computer rankings)[15] HP Envy 15 Keyboard into a national title game. The winner of the BCS title game must be ranked first in the final Coaches' Poll and receives the AFCA Coaches' Trophy (presently sponsored by Dr Pepper); since the NCAA awards no national championship for Division I FBS football, this trophy does not say NCAA as other NCAA college sports national championship trophies do. TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7332 Keyboard The AP and other organizations are still free to name as national champions other teams than the one that won the BCS championship, although all conferences (and by extension their teams) are contractually agreed to the BCS formula and champion the USA Today Coaches' poll is required to vote the winner of the “BCS National Championship Game” the #1 team in the nation in the final poll. All conferences have sanctioned this practice and championship (with various changes to the present form seen today) for the several contractual periods since 1998.[16]HP G62-361TX Keyboard DELL Inspiron 500m Keyboard In the late 1940s there were only two colleges in the country with a national TV contract, a considerable source of revenue. In 1951, the NCAA voted to prohibit any live TV broadcast of college football games during the season. No sooner had the NCAA voted to ban television than public outcry forced it to retreat. Instead, HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa Keyboard the NCAA voted to restrict the number of televised games for each team to stop the slide in gate attendance. Harold Stassen, president of theUniversity of Pennsylvania (Penn), defied the monopoly and signed a $200,000 contract with ABC. Eventually, Penn was forced to back down when the NCAA threatened to expel the Quakers from the association. DELL Inspiron 1750 Keyboard By the 1980s, televised college football had become a much larger source of income for the NCAA. If the television contracts the NCAA had with ABC, CBS, andESPN had remained in effect for the 1984 season, they would have generated US$73.6 million for the Association and its members. In September 1981, the Board of Regents of the University TOSHIBA Satellite L755-SP5101CL Keyboard of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia Athletic Association filed suit against the NCAA in district court in Oklahoma. The plaintiffs stated that the NCAA's football television plan constituted price fixing, output restraints, boycott, and monopolizing, all of which were illegal under the Sherman Act. The NCAA argued that its pro-competitive and non-commercial justifications for the plan—-protection of live gate, maintenance of competitive balance among NCAA member institutions and creation of a more attractive "product" to compete with other forms of entertainment—-combined to make the plan reasonable. HP Mini 110-1006tu Keyboard In September 1982, the district court found in favor of the plaintiffs, ruling that the plan violated antitrust laws. It enjoined the Association from enforcing the contract. The NCAA appealed all the way to the United States Supreme Court, but lost in 1984 in the 7-2 ruling NCAA v. Board of Regents of Univ. of Oklahoma.[21]ACER Aspire 7520 Keyboard


To participate in college athletics in the freshmen year the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) states that students must meet three requirements; graduate from high school, complete the minimum required academic courses, and have qualifying grade-point average (GPA) and SAT or ACT scores.[22]ACER TravelMate 242LC Keyboard The 16 academic credits are four courses in English, two courses in math, two classes in social science, two in natural or physical science, and one additional course in English, math, natural or physical science, or another academic course such as foreign language.[23]TOSHIBA Satellite C650-182 Keyboard To meet the requirements for grade point average and SAT scores students the lowest possible GPA a student may be eligible with is a 1.700 with an SAT score of 1400. The lowest SAT score a student may be eligible with is 700 with a GPA of 2.500.[22]ACER Aspire 7336 Keyboard As of 2011, a high school student may sign a letter of intent to enter and play football for a college only after the first Wednesday in February.[24] In August 2011, the NCAA announced plans to raise academic requirements for postseason competition, including its two most prominent competitions, football's Bowl Championship Series and the Men's Division I Basketball Championship; HP Pavilion dv6-2114sa Keyboard the new requirement, which are based on an "academic progress rate" that measures retention and graduation rates, and is calculated on a four-year, rolling basis.[25] The changes raise the rate from 900 to 930, which represents a 50% graduation rate.[25] Member schools pledge to follow the rules promulgated by the NCAA. Creation of a mechanism to enforce the NCAA's legislation occurred in 1952 after careful consideration by the membership. FUJITSU Lifebook E8310 Keyboard Allegations of rules violations are referred to the NCAA's investigative staff. A preliminary investigation is initiated to determine if an official inquiry is warranted and to categorize any resultant violations as secondary or major. If several violations are found, the NCAA may determine that the school as a whole has exhibited a "lack of institutional control." The institution involved is notified promptly and may appear in its own behalf before the NCAA Committee on Infractions. HP Pavilion G6-1B97CL Keyboard Findings of the Committee on Infractions and the resultant sanctions in major cases are reported to the institution. Sanctions will generally include having the institution placed on "probation" for a period of time, in addition to other penalties. SONY 147859712 Keyboard The institution may appeal the findings or sanctions to an appeals committee. After considering written reports and oral presentations by representatives of the Committee on Infractions and the institution, the committee acts on the appeal. Action may include accepting the infractions committee's findings and penalty, altering either, or making its own findings and imposing an appropriate penalty. ACER TravelMate 3002WTMi Keyboard In cases of particularly egregious misconduct, the NCAA has the power to ban a school from participating in a particular sport, a penalty known as the "Death Penalty". Since 1985, any school that commits major violations during the probationary period can be banned from the sport involved for up to two years. However, when the NCAA opts not to issue a death penalty for a repeat violation, it must explain why it didn't do so. HP 383495-001 Keyboard This penalty has only been imposed three times in its modern form, most notably when Southern Methodist University's football team had its 1987 season canceled due to massive rules violations dating back more than a decade. SMU opted not to field a team in 1988 as well due to the aftershocks from the sanctions, ACER Aspire 2003WLMi Keyboard and the program has never recovered; it has only two winning seasons and one bowl appearance since then. The devastating effect the death penalty had on SMU has reportedly made the NCAA skittish about issuing another one. Since the SMU case, there are only three instances where the NCAA has seriously considered imposing it against a Division I school; it imposed it against Division II Morehouse College's men's soccer team in 2003 and Division III MacMurray College's men's tennis team in 2

005. HP G61 Keyboard Additionally, in particularly egregious cases of rules violations, coaches, athletic directors and athletic support staff can be barred from working for any NCAA member school without permission from the NCAA. This procedure is known as a "show-cause penalty" (not to be confused with an order to show cause in the legal sense).[26] APPLE MacBook pro 13 inch Keyboard Theoretically, a school can hire someone with a "show cause" on their record during the time the show cause order is in effect only with permission from the NCAA Infractions Committee. The school assumes the risks and stigma of hiring such a person. It may then end up being sanctioned by the NCAA and the Infractions Committee for their choice, ACER 9J.N1H82.01D Keyboard possibly losing athletic scholarships, revenue from schools who would not want to compete with that other school, and the ability for their games to be televised, along with restrictions on recruitment and practicing times. As a result, a show-cause order usually has the effect of blackballing individuals from being hired for the duration of the order. HP Pavilion dv5-1126ee Keyboard There are 449 member institutions (both full and provisional), making it the largest of the three divisions in the NCAA. D-III schools range in size from fewer than 500 to over 20,000 students. D-III schools compete in athletics as a non-revenue-making, extracurricular activity for students; hence, they may not offer athletic scholarships, they may not redshirt freshmen for non-medical reasons,[1] and they may not use endowments or funds whose primary purpose is to benefit their athletic programs. SONY VAIO VGN-FS742/W Keyboard Also, under NCAA rules, D-III schools "shall not award financial aid to any student on the basis of athletics leadership, ability, participation or performance".[2] Financial aid given to athletes must be awarded under the same procedures as for the general student body, and the proportion of total financial aid given to athletes "shall be closely equivalent to the percentage of student-athletes within the student body."[3]TOSHIBA NB200-10J Keyboard All Division III schools must field athletes in at least ten sports, with men's and women's competition in a given sport counting as two different sports. In 2012, coeducational schools with more than 1,000 undergraduates must field athletes in at least twelve sports, with at least six all-female teams and at least six teams that are either all-male or mixed-sex. Schools with fewer than 1,000 undergraduates must still field at least five sports in each category.[4][5]HP Mini 110-1032NR Keyboard Single-sex schools need only field the required number of sports for the sex that they serve. For all schools regardless of enrollment, at least three sports for each sex must be team sports.[4]HP Pavilion dv3-2360ee Keyboard Football and basketball may not be grandfathered Division I programs because their revenue-enhancing potential would give them an unfair advantage over other Division III schools. In 1992, several Division III schools who competed at the Division I level in basketball, most notably Georgetown University, were forced to upgrade the rest of their athletic program to a Division I level. HP Pavilion DV7-4053 Keyboard In August 2007, the NCAA instituted a moratorium on all division moves, including play-ups.[7] That moratorium expired in August 2011, but the NCAA has indicated that play-ups will no longer be allowed as a general policy (though at least one exception has been made in women's hockey due to the lack of Division II competition in ice hockey). SONY VAIO VGN-AR570 Keyboard Division III institutions do not have the same access to scholarship money when it comes to the recruiting process. Division III sports offer non-athletic financial aid packages rather than athletically based support. Division I sports teams are able to provide aid more directly through athletic based scholarships.[8] HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee Keyboard Since there are fewer guidelines for athletic scholarships in Division III schools, these institutions have more choice in how they allocate their funds.[8] Not only is there more financial support that is specifically given to Division I athletes, but Division I teams and facilities receive more funding from the NCAA. The NCAA puts substantially more money towards Division I programs than it does Division III. ASUS F80C Keyboard Sixty percent of all NCAA revenue is given directly to Division I institutions alone.[9] From 2009–2010, 433 million dollars made up the NCAA's Division I expenses.[9] Only about three percent of the NCAA’s spending goes towards Division III programs.[10] The differences in financial support has been a major cause in further differences between both divisions. HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Keyboard NCAA regulations in competition and time commitment have made Division III athletics seem less strenuous and binding when compared to Division I athletics. Each sport is subject to different regulations, but when comparing the same sports in Division I and Division III competition, there are many differences. For example, Division III baseball limits the number of games to 40 per season[11] while Division I baseball sets the limit at 56 games per season.[12] HP Pavilion DV6-6B00 Keyboard This has caused the general public to view Division III athletics as less competitive and focused.[citation needed] According to a 2008 NCAA survey, participants admitted devoting more time to athletics than they did towards academic responsibilities. This survey found that the average Division I athlete devotes 44.8 hours a week to athletic responsibilities in addition to the 40 hours a week that are set aside for academic life.[13] HP Envy 15 Keyboard This difference in time commitment can also be seen in the average number of classes missed. Twenty-one percent of Division I baseball players miss more than three classes per week compared to twelve percent of Division III baseball players.[14] This pattern is similar in other sports as well according to the 2011 NCAA survey. HP 640436-001 Keyboard The differences in division requirements and financial regulation have led to some distinct differences in student life. Participation in school activities is more common in Division III athletes.[citation needed] Division III athletes are also known to put much more emphasis on their academic experience, including participation in on-campus research and extra-curricular activities.[10] SONY Vaio PCG-K215M Keyboard Not only is there more involvement, but Division III Athletes have proven to be more successful in time management when compared to non-athletes at the same institution.[10] There are also differences in the student-athlete social experience. Division I athletes are more likely to have friends who are exclusively part of their respective team.[14]SAMSUNG NP-N150-JP01 Keyboard In 2003, concerned about the direction of the Division, the Division III Presidents' Council, led by Middlebury College President John McCardell, acted to limit the length of the traditional and non-traditional seasons, eliminate redshirting, and redefine a season of participation, all of which changes were approved by a majority vote of the membership. Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Keyboard An additional proposal that would have eliminated the ability of the institutions listed above to offer athletic scholarships was rejected, though rules limiting the exception to only those schools currently offering D-I programs were approved. These actions took place at the January 2004 NCAA Convention. HP Pavilion dv5-1104tu Keyboard Division II schools tend to be smaller public universities and many private institutions. Athletic scholarships are offered in most sponsored sports at most institutions, but with more stringent limits as to the numbers offered in any one sport than at the Division I level. For example, Division II schools may give financial aid in football equivalent to 36 full scholarships (whereas each school in Division I FBS, the highest level, is allowed 85 individuals receiving financial aid for football), ACER Aspire 7535 Keyboard although some Division II conferences limit the number of scholarships to a lower level. Division II scholarship programs are frequently the recipients of student-athletes transferring from Division I schools; a transfer student does not have to sit out a year before resuming sports participation as would be the case in the event of transferring from one Division I institution to another (with the exception of football players transferring from a Division I FBS school to a Division I FCS school, who also do not have to sit out a year). Currently there are 282 either full or provisional members of Division II. HP Pavilion dv6-3218tx Keyboard All Division II schools must field athletes in at least ten sports, with male and female competition in a given sport counting as two different sports. In addition, all coeducational schools must field athletes in at least four sports in each gender.[1] Simon Fraser University became the first institution outside the USA to enter the NCAA membership process. SAMSUNG Q320 Keyboard This occurred after the Division II Membership Committee accepted the institution’s application during a July 7–9 meeting in Indianapolis, Indiana. Simon Fraser, located in Burnaby, British Columbia, began a two-year candidacy period September 1, 2009. Prospective members also must complete at least one year of provisional status before being accepted as full-time Division II members. In the fall of 2012 The NCAA President’s Council made it official, approving Simon Fraser University as the organization’s first international member. [2]SONY VAIO VGN-CR31S Keyboard Division II schools also frequently schedule "money games", usually in football and men's basketball, against Division I schools. In football, D-II teams once occasionally played games against schools that are now in Division I FBS, but this practice has ended because under current NCAA rules, FBS schools cannot use victories over schools below FCS level for establishing bowl eligibility. TOSHIBA Satellite U305-S5127 Keyboard Today, D-II "money games" are exclusively against FCS schools, whose postseason eligibility is less seriously impacted by scheduling a D-II opponent. In basketball, where conference tournaments play a large role in determining postseason participants, D-I schools have less of a penalty for scheduling an occasional D-II opponent, resulting in more "money games".lENOVO IdeaPad G555 Keyboard In any event, the D-II school is almost invariably the visiting team, and is invited to play with the almost-certain knowledge that it will be defeated but will receive a substantial (at least by Division II standards) monetary reward which will help to finance much of the rest of the season and perhaps other sports as well. GATEWAY M250 Keyboard In recent years, "money games" in men's basketball have also included preseason exhibitions against D-I programs, typically in the same region, that do not count in official statistics for either team. Under NCAA rules, Division I teams are allowed to play two exhibition games in a season, and must host these games.[8] However, prior to the 2011–12 season, HP Mini 110-3100sg Keyboard\ two D-I men's programs in Missouri, namely Missouri[9] and Missouri State,[8] received NCAA waivers to travel to D-II Missouri Southern State University in Joplin, a city devastated by a May 2011 tornado, for third exhibition games. Both games were played as fundraisers for tornado relief efforts. Under normal circumstances, these exhibitions can still provide the D-II program with a financial boost similar to that of an in-season game. DELL Inspiron 1564 Keyboard The University of Kansas helps the state's four Division II members by rotating them onto the Jayhawks' exhibition schedule annually. Milwaukee, which has been a Division I member since 1990, has continued its series with their former Division II rival Wisconsin-Parkside as part of their exhibition schedule. HP Pavilion dv6-2113sa Keyboard Also in basketball, two of the best-known early-season tournaments for D-I schools, the Great Alaska Shootout and Maui Invitational, are hosted by D-II schools that also compete in the events, respectively Alaska–Anchorage and Chaminade. The Great Alaska Shootout has men's and women's tournaments, while the Maui Invitational only involves men's teams. In the men's tournaments, the hosts usually lose all of their games. However, Alaska–Anchorage has been highly competitive in the women's Shootout, winning the tournament five times since 2003. TOSHIBA Satellite P300-1CN Keyboard HP Pavilion DV7-2110tx Keyboard FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Keyboard HP G62-100SL Keyboard

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