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Atom Heart Mother Atom Heart Mother For their second studio album the band returned to Smith and Abbey Road Studios. Three songs featuring Barrett were used, including "Jugband Blues" (his final contribution to their discography), and the Waters composition, "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun" (which includes guitar work by Gilmour and Barrett). Waters also contributed "Let There Be More Light" and "Corporal Clegg", DELL Inspiron N4050 Laptop Keyboard while Wright composed "See-Saw" and "Remember a Day" (Barrett played slide guitar on the latter). Encouraged by Smith, some of the new material was recorded at their homes, continuing the type of experimentation seen on The Piper at the Gates of Dawn. Smith remained unconvinced by their musical style, and when Mason struggled to perform on "Remember a Day",TOSHIBA Satellite A75-S206 Laptop Keyboard he stepped in as his replacement.[79] Wright recalled Smith's attitude about the sessions, "Norman gave up on the second album ... he was forever saying things like, 'You can't do twenty minutes of this ridiculous noise.'"[80] Neither Waters nor Mason could read music so to create the album's title track, "A Saucerful of Secrets", they invented their own system of notation; Gilmour later described this as looking "... like an architectural diagram".[81]Dell Latitude D400 Laptop Keyboard A Saucerful of Secrets was released in June 1968. The album cover was designed by Storm Thorgerson and Aubrey Powell of Hipgnosis. Record Mirror, despite a generally favorable review, urged listeners to "forget it as background music to a party".[81] John Peel described a live performance of the title track as "like a religious experience", while NME, viewed the song as "long and boring" with "little to warrant its monotonous direction".[80][nb 14] Lenovo 3000 G530 4151 Laptop Keyboard Upon the album's release Pink Floyd performed at the first free Hyde Park concert, organised by Blackhill Enterprises, alongside Roy Harper and Jethro Tull. The band admired Morrison's assistant Steve O'Rourke, a "great deal-maker", whose business acumen overshadowed his lack of interest in aesthetic matters, so when Morrison sold his business to NEMS Enterprises, Dell Latitude D410 Laptop Keyboard O'Rourke became the band's personal manager, enabling them to take complete control of their artistic direction. They returned to the US for their first major tour, accompanied by Soft Machine and The Who.[83][84]HP 407857-001 Laptop Keyboard In 1968 the band recorded a film score for The Committee. In December of that year they released "Point Me at the Sky", no more successful than the two singles they had released since "See Emily Play", it would be the band's last for several years.[85] In 1969 they recorded the score for Barbet Schroeder's film More. The soundtrack proved important; not only did it pay well but, SAMSUNG NP-N102-JA01DX Laptop Keyboard along with A Saucerful of Secrets, the material they created became part of their live shows for some time thereafter.[86] A tour of the UK ended at the Royal Festival Hall in July 1969, during which an electric shock caused by poor grounding sent Gilmour flying across the stage.[85] The performances, built around two long pieces called The Man and The Journey,[87] HP 576835-001 Laptop Keyboard were backed with performance art created by artist Peter Dockley. Some of the sound effects were later used on 1970's "Alan's Psychedelic Breakfast".[85] While composing the soundtrack for directorMichelangelo Antonioni's film Zabriskie Point, the band stayed at a luxury hotel in Rome. Waters has since claimed that, but for Antonioni's continuous changes to the music, ACER Aspire 5336 Laptop Keyboard he work could have been completed in less than a week. Eventually he used only three of their recordings, in addition to material from theGrateful Dead, The Youngbloods, Patti Page, Roscoe Holcomb, and the Rolling Stones. One of the pieces turned down by Antonioni, called "The Violent Sequence", later became "Us and Them", included on 1973's The Dark Side of the Moon. TOSHIBA Satellite 2410 PS241L-5Y34T Laptop Keyboard The band also worked on the soundtrack for a proposed cartoon series called Rollo but a lack of funds meant that it was never produced. Waters collaborated with Ron Geesin on the soundtrack to the 1970 film The Body.[88]DELL Inspiron 6400 Laptop Keyboard Ummagumma presented a departure from their previous work. Released as a double-LP on EMI's Harvest label, the first two sides contained live performances recorded at Manchester College of Commerce and at Mother's Club in Birmingham. The second LP contained a single experimental contribution from each band member. Ummagumma was released to positive reviews in October 1969.[89]HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa Laptop Keyboard Atom Heart Mother quickly followed Ummagumma in the second half of 1970. The band's previous LPs were recorded using a four-tracksystem, but Atom Heart Mother was their first eight-track album.[90] An early version was premièred in France in January but disagreements over the mix prompted the hiring of Ron Geesin to work out the sound issues. Geesin worked for about a month to improve the score but, HP pavilion DV7-1000 Laptop Keyboard with little creative input from the band, production was troublesome; it was eventually completed with the aid of John Aldiss, who was the director of the choir hired to perform on the record. Norman Smith was credited as an executive producer and the album marked his final contribution to the band's discography.[91] Waters was critical of Atom Heart Mother, claiming that he would prefer if it were HP 9J.N0Y82.H01 Laptop Keyboard "thrown into the dustbin and never listened to by anyone ever again."[92] Gilmour was equally dismissive of the album and once described it as "a load of rubbish", stating: "I think we were scraping the barrel a bit at that period."[92] Contrary to the opinion of Waters and Gilmour, Atom Heart Mother was hugely successful in the UK and was premièred at the Bath Festival on 27 June 1970.[93] The band toured extensively across America and Europe in 1970.[94]HP 516884-001 Laptop Keyboard A theft of the band's equipment, worth about $40,000, after a 16 May 1970 show at The Warehouse in New Orleans, nearly crippled their finances but, although the local authorities were unhelpful, hours after the band notified the FBI much of the equipment was returned. HP pavilion DV7-1000 Laptop Keyboard In 1971 Pink Floyd took second place in a readers poll in Melody Maker and for the first time were making a profit. Mason and Wright became fathers and bought homes in London while Gilmour, still single, moved to a 19th-century farm in Essex. Waters installed a home recording studio at his house in Islington in a converted tool-shed at the back of his garden.[95]SONY VAIO VGN-NR11Z/S Laptop Keyboard

Meddle

Returning from touring Atom Heart Mother at the start of 1971 the band began working on new material.[96] Lacking a central theme they attempted several largely unproductive experiments;[97] engineer John Leckie described the sessions as often beginning in the afternoon and ending early the next morning, "during which time nothing would get done. HP 516884-001 Laptop Keyboard There was no record company contact whatsoever, except when their label manager would show up now and again with a couple of bottles of wine and a couple of joints."[98] The band spent long periods working on simple sounds, or a particular guitar riff. They also spent several days at Air Studios, attempting to create music using a variety of household objects, SONY VAIO VGN-CR520E Laptop Keyboard a project which would be revisited between The Dark Side of the Moon and Wish You Were Here.[99] Meddle's production was spread over a considerable period of time; the band recorded in the first half of April, but in the latter half played at Doncaster and Norwich before returning to record at the end of the month. In May they split their time between sessions at Abbey Road, rehearsals and concerts across Great Britain. HP G62-b20ES Laptop Keyboard June and July were spent mainly performing at venues across Europe whereas August was spent in the far east and Australia, returning to Europe in September.[100]Meddle was released in October 1971 while the band were touring in the US.[101][nb 15] Rolling Stone's Jean-Charles Costa wrote: "Meddle not only confirms lead guitarist David Gilmour's emergence as a real shaping force with the group, it states forcefully and accurately that the group is well into the growth track again".[105] NME called it "an exceptionally good album", singling out DELL JVT97 Laptop Keyboard "Echoes" as the "Zenith which the Floyd have been striving for."[106] However, Melody Maker's Michael Watts was underwhelmed, calling the album "a soundtrack to a non-existent movie", and shrugging off Pink Floyd as "so much sound and fury, signifying nothing."[107] Meddle is sometimes considered to be a transitional album between the Barrett-influenced group and the emerging Pink Floyd.[108][109]HP Pavilion G60-230 Laptop Keyboard The group's other releases around this period, More and Zabriskie Point, were soundtracks and Atom Heart Mother was influenced as much by Ron Geesin and the session artists as it was by the band.[110] The band again worked with Barbet Schroeder on the film La Vallée, for which a soundtrack album was released calledObscured by Clouds. HP G62-225NR Laptop Keyboard The material was composed in about a week at the Château d'Hérouville near Paris and, upon its release, was their first to break into the top 50 on the US Billboard chart.[111] At about the same time the band also produced the compilation album Relics.[112]SONY NSK-S8101 Laptop Keyboard The band's next album, titled The Dark Side of the Moon, an allusion to lunacy, rather than astronomy, was recorded between May 1972 and January 1973 with EMI staff engineer Alan Parsons at Abbey Road.[113] Late in the album's production Parsons was assisted by producer Chris Thomas, who became responsible for significant changes such as the echo used on "Us and Them".[114]SONY Vaio PCG-K215S Laptop Keyboard The album's packaging was designed by Hipgnosis and bore George Hardie's iconic refracting prism on the cover.[115] Since Barrett's departure the burden of lyrical composition and creative direction had fallen mostly on Waters.[116] He is the sole author of the album's lyrics.[117] The band filmed studio footage for Pink Floyd: Live at Pompeii before beginning a tour of Europe in 1972.[118]SONY VAIO VGN-CR520E Laptop Keyboard The Dark Side of the Moon was released in March 1973 and became an instant chart success in Britain and throughout Western Europe.[119] The critical reaction was generally enthusiastic. Melody Maker's Roy Hollingworth described side one as "so utterly confused with itself it was difficult to follow" but praised side two writing, "The songs, the sounds, SONY VAIO PCG-FR415M Laptop Keyboard the rhythms were solid and sound, Saxophone hit the air, the band rocked and rolled, and then gushed and tripped away into the night."[120] In his 1973 album review for Rolling Stone magazine, Loyd Grossman wrote, "a fine album with a textural and conceptual richness that not only invites, but demands involvement."[121] Throughout March 1973 it featured as part of their US tour, including a midnight performance at Radio City Music Hall in New York City on 17 March.[122]HP G42-164LA Laptop Keyboard The success of the album brought previously unknown wealth to all four members of the band. Richard Wright and Roger Waters bought large country houses while Nick Mason became a collector of expensive cars.[123] Much of the album's early state-side success has been attributed to the efforts of Pink Floyd's US record company, Capitol Records. Newly appointed chairman Bhaskar Menon reversed the relatively poor performance of the band's previous US releases but, Compaq Presario CQ57-310 Laptop Keyboard disenchanted with Capitol, the band and manager O'Rourke negotiated a new contract with Columbia Records. The Dark Side of the Moon was the last album that Pink Floyd were legally bound to release before formally signing a new contract.[124] Menon's efforts to secure a contract renewal with Pink Floyd were in vain and the band signed for Columbia, with a reported advance fee of US$1M (approximately $5,000,000 today), while in Britain and Europe they continued to be represented byHarvest Records.[125] TOSHIBA NB200 Laptop Keyboard Pink Floyd returned to the studio in January 1975.[126] Alan Parsons had declined the band's offer to continue working with them, instead becoming successful in his own right with The Alan Parsons Project,[127] and so the band turned to Brian Humphries with whom they had already worked on More.[128] The band initially found it difficult to devise any new material, TOSHIBA NB200 Laptop Keyboard especially as the success ofThe Dark Side of the Moon had left all four physically and emotionally drained. Richard Wright later described these early sessions as "falling within a difficult period" and Waters found them "torturous".[129] Gilmour was more interested in improving the band's existing material. Mason's marriage was failing leaving him in a general malaise and with a sense of apathy, both of which interfered with his drumming.[129]TOSHIBA NB200-10J Laptop Keyboard It was a very difficult period I have to say. All your childhood dreams had been sort of realised and we had the biggest selling records in the world and all the things you got into it for. The girls and the money and the fame and all that stuff it was all ... everything had sort of come our way and you had to reassess what you were in it for thereafter, and it was a pretty confusing and sort of empty time for a while".[130]SONY Vaio PCG-K86P Laptop Keyboard Despite the lack of creative direction Waters began to visualise a new concept after several weeks.[129] During 1974, they had sketched out three new compositions and had performed them at a series of concerts in Europe.[126] These compositions became the starting point for a new album whose opening four-note guitar phrase, composed entirely by accident by Gilmour,[131] Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard reminded Waters of the lingering ghost of former band-member Syd Barrett.[132] The songs provided an apt summary of the rise and fall of their former band mate:[133] "Because I wanted to get as close as possible to what I felt ... that sort of indefinable, inevitable melancholy about the disappearance of Syd."[132] While Pink Floyd were working on the album Barrett made an impromptu visit to the studio, DELL Inspiron N4050 Laptop Keyboard during which Thorgerson recalled that he "sat round and talked for a bit but he wasn't really there."[134] He had changed significantly in appearance and the band did not initially recognise him. Waters was reportedly deeply upset by the experience.[135] Immediately after the session Barrett also attended a pre-party held for Gilmour's upcoming first wedding, TOSHIBA Satellite L755D-S5241 Laptop Keyboard but eventually left without saying goodbye and none of the band members ever saw him again, apart from a run-in between Waters and Barrett a couple of years later.[136] Some of the material also contained barely veiled attacks on the music business. "Raving and Drooling" and "Gotta Be Crazy" had no place in the new concept and were set aside.[137] ACER PK1306F0200 Laptop Keyboard Storm Thorgerson concealed the album cover artwork with a dark-coloured shrink-wrap. The cover image was inspired by the idea that people tend to conceal their true feelings, for fear of "getting burned", and thus two businessmen were pictured shaking hands with one man on fire.[138] Much of Wish You Were Here was premièred on 5 July 1975, at an open-air music festival at Knebworth before being released in September that year, when it quickly reached number one in both the UK and the US.[139] Lenovo 3000 N500 Laptop Keyboard

Animals

Following the Knebworth concert Pink Floyd bought a three-storey block of church halls, at 35 Britannia Row in Islington, and set about converting the building into a recording studio and storage facility.[140] The work took up most of 1975 and in 1976 they recorded Animals there, their eighth studio album.[141]HP Mini 210-2030ez Laptop Keyboard Animals was another Waters concept, loosely based on George Orwell's political fable Animal Farm. Its lyrics described various classes of society as dogs, pigs, and sheep.[142] Brian Humphries was again brought in to engineer the album which was completed in December 1976.[141] Apart from its critique of society the album was also in part a response to the punk rock movement,[143] Compaq Presario CQ71-314SA Laptop Keyboard which grew in popularity as a nihilistic statement against the prevailing social and political conditions, and also a reaction to the general complacency and nostalgia that appeared to surround rock music. Pink Floyd were an obvious target for punk musicians, notably John Lydon (at the time "Johnny Rotten") who wore a Pink Floyd t-shirt on which he had hand-written the words "I hate". DELL R811H Laptop Keyboard Later, Lydon explained the shirt was a general statement against the "pretentiousness" of stadium rock in general rather than against Pink Floyd in particular and that he liked Pink Floyd.[144] Mason later stated that he welcomed the "Punk Rock insurrection" and viewed it as a welcome return to the underground scene from which Pink Floyd had grown. In 1977 he produced The Damned's second album, Music for Pleasure, at Britannia Row.[145]SONY VAIO VGN-NR21Z/S Laptop Keyboard Hipgnosis were credited for the packaging of Animals but the final concept was designed by Waters, who chose an image of the ageing Battersea Power Station. The band commissioned a 30 feet (9.1 m) pig-shaped balloon and photography began on 2 December. Inclement weather delayed filming and the balloon broke free of its moorings in strong winds, HP Pavilion dv6-2170sl Laptop Keyboard disappearing to eventually land in Kent where it was recovered by a local farmer, reportedly furious that it had "apparently scared his cows".[146] Shooting resumed but a decision was made instead to superimpose the image of the pig onto the photograph of the power station.[146][147] SONY VAIO VGN-CR31S Laptop Keyboard The division of royalties became a sore topic during production of the album. Royalties were accorded on a per-song basis and, although Gilmour was largely responsible for "Dogs" which took up almost the entire first side of the album, he received less than Waters who also contributed the two-part "Pigs on the Wing", which contains references to Waters' romantic involvement with Carolyne Anne Christie.[SONY VAIO VGN-NR21Z/S Laptop Keyboard Gilmour was also distracted by the birth of his first child and contributed little else toward the album. Similarly, neither Mason nor Wright contributed much toward Animals (the first Pink Floyd album not to contain a writing credit for Wright); Wright had marital problems, and his relationship with Waters was also suffering.[149] Wright recalled the recording: DELL XPS M1730 Laptop Keyboard Animals was a slog. It wasn't a fun record to make, but this was when Roger really started to believe that he was the sole writer for the band. He believed that it was only because of him that the band were still going, and obviously, when he started to develop his ego trips, the person he would have his conflicts with would be me.[150] SONY Vaio PCG-K86P Laptop Keyboard The album was released on 23 January 1977, and entered the UK charts at number two and number three in the US.[151] NME called the album "one of the most extreme, relentless, harrowing and downright iconoclastic hunks of music to have been made available this side of the sun", and Melody Maker's Karl Dallas called it "[an] uncomfortable taste of reality in a medium that has become in recent years, increasingly soporific".[152]TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7305 Laptop Keyboard The album became the subject material for the band's "In the Flesh" tour, during which early signs of discord became apparent. This tour was Pink Floyd's first experience with playing in large stadiums and the size of the venues was an issue.[153] Waters began arriving at each venue alone, departing immediately after the performance was complete, and Gilmour's wife Ginger did not get along with Waters' new girlfriend. SONY VAIO VGN-FS115M Laptop Keyboard On one occasion Wright flew back to England threatening to leave the band. At the Montréal Olympic Stadium a small group of noisy and excited fans in the front row of the audience irritated Waters so much that he spat at one of them. Waters was not the only person who felt depressed about playing in such large venues, as that same night Gilmour refused to perform the band's usual twelve-bar blues encore.[154] SONY VAIO VGN-FS630W Laptop Keyboard The end of the tour was a low point for Gilmour who felt that the band had by then achieved the success they sought, and that there was nothing else to look forward to.[155]

Financial problems

Gilmour and Wright released their debut solo albums around this time, David Gilmour and Wet Dream respectively. While Gilmour's album sold reasonably well, Wright's album sold poorly, a situation only exacerbated by the loss of much of the band's accumulated wealth. In 1976 the band had become involved with financial advisers Norton Warburg Group (NWG). NWG became the band's collecting agents and handled all financial planning,  SONY VAIO VGN-CR520E Laptop Keyboard for an annual fee of about £300,000. Between £1.6 million and £3.3 million of the band's money was invested in high-risk venture capital schemes, primarily to reduce the band's exposure to high UK taxes. It soon became obvious that the band were still losing money. Not only did NWG invest in failing businesses, they also left the band liable for tax bills as high as 83 percent of their income.  DELL Inspiron 8500 Laptop Keyboard The band eventually terminated their relationship with NWG and demanded the return of any cash not yet invested, which at that time amounted to £860,000 although they received only £740,000.[156][nb 17]FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard In the midst of these problems, Waters presented the band with two new ideas in July 1978. The first was a 90-minute demo given the provisional title Bricks in the Wall and the other would later become Waters' first solo album, The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking. Although both Mason and Gilmour were initially cautious the former was chosen to be their next album.[157]SAMSUNG NP-NC10-JP01 Laptop Keyboard Bob Ezrin was brought in as co-producer and he wrote a forty-page script for the new album.[158] The story was based on the central character of Pink—a character inspired by Waters' childhood experiences, the most notable of which was the death of his father in World War II. This first 'brick in the wall' led to more problems; Pink would become so drug-addled and worn down by the music industry that he would transform into a megalomaniac, HP Mini 110-1110SA Laptop Keyboard a development inspired partly by the decline of Syd Barrett. At the end of the album the increasingly fascist audience would watch as Pink 'tore down the wall', once again becoming a normal caring person.[159]Lenovo 63Y0047 Laptop Keyboard Engineer Brian Humphries, emotionally drained by his five years with the band, was replaced by James Guthrie for the recording of the album.[160] In March 1979, the band's critical financial situation demanded that they leave the UK for a year or more and recording was moved to the Super Bear Studios near Nice.[161]DELL Inspiron N4030 Laptop Keyboard During the recording of The Wall, the band became increasingly unhappy with Wright's lack of contribution to the album.[162] Gilmour said that Wright, "hadn't contributed anything of any value whatsoever to the album—he did very, very little" and that's why he "got the boot".[163] According to Mason, "Rick's contribution was to turn up and sit in on the sessions without doing anything, just 'being a producer'."[164]SONY KFRMBA221A Laptop Keyboard Waters commented: "he was not prepared to cooperate in making the record ... [and] it was agreed by everybody ... either you can have a long battle or you can agree to ... finish making the album, keep your full share ... but at the end of it you leave quietly. Rick agreed."[165] Although his name did not appear anywhere on the finished album he was employed as a paid musician on the band's subsequent The Wall tour.[166] TOSHIBA Satellite L755-S5214 Laptop Keyboard Production of the album continued and by August 1979 the running order was largely complete. Wright completed his duties, aided by session musicians. Toward the end of The Wall sessions, Mason left the final mix to Waters, Gilmour, Ezrin, and Guthrie, travelling to New York to record his debut solo album, Nick Mason's Fictitious Sports.[167]TOSHIBA Satellite M645-S4050 Laptop Keyboard Although Pink Floyd rarely released singles, and had not done so since 1968, the album was promoted with "Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)", which topped the charts in the US and the UK.[168] The Wall was released on 30 November 1979, topping the Billboard chart in the US for fifteen weeks, and reaching number 3 in the UK.[169] HP 605344-001 Laptop Keyboard The Wall ranks No.4 of all time on the RIAA's list of the Top 100 albums, with 23 million certified units sold in the US alone,[170] and remains one of the band's best-selling albums.[171] The cover is one of their most minimalist designs, with a simple white brick wall, and no logo or band name. ASUS F5R Laptop Keyboard  TOSHIBA P205-S7469 Laptop Keyboard The band went on tour with an elaborate stage show. Gerald Scarfe was employed to produce a series of animations for the subsequent The Wall Tour, including a series of nightmarish visions of the future such as a dove of peace exploding to reveal an eagle. Large inflatable puppets were also created for the live shows.[172] Relationships within the band were at an all-time low. APPLE 922-6637 Laptop Keyboard Their four Winnebagos were parked in a circle, with the doors facing away from the centre. Waters used his own vehicle to arrive at the venue and stayed in separate hotels from the rest of the band. Wright returned as a paid musician and was the only 'member' of the band to profit from the venture, which lost about $600,000.[173]DELL Latitude D620 Laptop Keyboard The Wall concept also spawned an eponymous film, the original plan for which was to be a mixture of live concert footage and animated scenes. The concert footage, however, proved impractical to film. Alan Parker agreed to direct and took a different approach. The animated sequences would remain, but scenes would be acted by professional actors with no dialogue. TOSHIBA NB200 Laptop Keyboard Waters was screen-tested but quickly discarded and Bob Geldof was asked to take the role of Pink. Geldof was initially disdainful, condemning The Wall's storyline as "bollocks".[174] He was eventually won over by the prospect of being involved in a major film and receiving a large payment for his work. Waters took a six-week holiday during filming and returned to find that Parker had used his creative license to change parts of the film to his liking. IBM Lenovo ThinkPad X300 Laptop Keyboard Waters was irate, the two fought, and Parker threatened to walk out. Gilmour pleaded with Waters to reconsider his stance, reminding the bassist that he and the other band members were shareholders and directors and could out-vote him on such decisions. A modified soundtrack was also created for some of the film's songs.[175] Pink Floyd—The Wall was screened at the Cannes Film Festival in May 1982, released in the UK in July 1982.[176] TOSHIBA Satellite L655D-S5095 Laptop Keyboard

The Final Cut

Main article: The Final Cut (album) A new musical project, with the working title Spare Bricks, was originally conceived as the soundtrack album for Pink Floyd The Wall, but with the onset of theFalklands War Waters changed direction and began writing new material. Waters saw Margaret Thatcher's response to the invasion of the Falklands as jingoistic and unnecessary, and he dedicated the new album—provisionally titled RequiDELL OPYTVX Laptop Keyboard em for a Post-War Dream—to his dead father. Immediately there were arguments between Waters and Gilmour, who felt that the album should contain all new material, rather than recycling a number of songs not considered good enough for The Wall. Waters felt that Gilmour had contributed little to the band's lyrical repertoire.[177] Michael Kamen (contributor to the orchestral sections of The Wall) mediated between the two, HP 9J.NOL82.W01 Laptop Keyboard HP 444635-B31 Laptop Keyboard also performing the role traditionally occupied by the then absent Wright. James Guthrie was the studio engineer and Mason was aided by two session drummers. Recording took place in eight studios, including Gilmour's home studio at Hookend Manor and Waters' home studio at East Sheen. The tension within the band grew. Waters and Gilmour worked separately (itself not unusual) but Gilmour began to feel the strain, TOSHIBA Satellite l525 Laptop Keyboard sometimes barely maintaining his composure. Waters lost his temper and began ranting at Kamen who, out of boredom during one recording session, had started repeatedly writing "I Must Not Fuck Sheep" on a notepad in the studio's control room. After a final confrontation Gilmour's name as producer was removed from the credit list, reflecting what Waters felt was his lack of songwriting contributions.[178] HP AEUT3U00140 Laptop Keyboard Mason's contributions were minimal, as he busied himself recording sound effects for an experimental new Holophonic system to be used on the album. With marital problems of his own, he remained a distant figure.[179] Thorgerson was passed over for the cover design, Waters instead choosing to design it himself, and his brother-in-law, Willie Christie, was commissioned to take photographs for the album cover.[179] SONY VAIO VGN-NR11Z/S Laptop Keyboard The Final Cut was released in March 1983, going straight to No.1 in the UK and No.6 in the US. Waters is credited with writing all the lyrics as well as all the music on the album.[180] Gilmour did not have any material ready for the album and asked Waters to delay the recording until he could write some songs, but Waters refused.[181] Gilmour later commented, "I'm certainly guilty at times of being lazy ... TOSHIBA Satellite L450D Laptop Keyboard but he wasn't right about wanting to put some duff tracks on The Final Cut." According to Mason, Gilmour's name "disappeared" from the production credits, after power struggles within the band and creative arguments about the album, though he retained his pay.[182] "Not Now John" was released as a single, with its chorus of "Fuck all that" bowdlerised to "Stuff all that"; ACER Aspire 1520 Series Laptop Keyboard Melody Makerdeclared it to be "a milestone in the history of awfulness". Rolling Stone magazine gave the album five stars, with Kurt Loder calling it "a superlative achievement on several levels" and "art rock's crowning masterpiece".[183] Loder viewed the album as "essentially a Roger Waters solo album"[184] SAMSUNG R522 Laptop Keyboard The Final Cut A new musical project, with the working title Spare Bricks, was originally conceived as the soundtrack album for Pink Floyd The Wall, but with the onset of theFalklands War Waters changed direction and began writing new material. Waters saw Margaret Thatcher's response to the invasion of the Falklands as jingoistic and unnecessary, and he dedicated the new album—provisionally titled Requiem for a Post-War Dream—to his dead father. Immediately there were arguments between Waters and Gilmour, TOSHIBA Satellite L775-S7243 Laptop Keyboard who felt that the album should contain all new material, rather than recycling a number of songs not considered good enough for The Wall. Waters felt that Gilmour had contributed little to the band's lyrical repertoire.[177] Michael Kamen (contributor to the orchestral sections of The Wall) mediated between the two, also performing the role traditionally occupied by the then absent Wright. DELL Latitude D830 Laptop Keyboard James Guthrie was the studio engineer and Mason was aided by two session drummers. Recording took place in eight studios, including Gilmour's home studio at Hookend Manor and Waters' home studio at East Sheen. The tension within the band grew. Waters and Gilmour worked separately (itself not unusual) but Gilmour began to feel the strain, sometimes barely maintaining his composure. ACER Aspire 7520 Laptop Keyboard Waters lost his temper and began ranting at Kamen who, out of boredom during one recording session, had started repeatedly writing "I Must Not Fuck Sheep" on a notepad in the studio's control room. After a final confrontation Gilmour's name as producer was removed from the credit list, reflecting what Waters felt was his lack of songwriting contributions.[178] Mason's contributions were minimal, SONY VAIO VGN-FS775P/H Laptop Keyboard as he busied himself recording sound effects for an experimental new Holophonic system to be used on the album. With marital problems of his own, he remained a distant figure.[179] Thorgerson was passed over for the cover design, Waters instead choosing to design it himself, and his brother-in-law, Willie Christie, was commissioned to take photographs for the album cover.[179] HP pavilion DV7-1000 Laptop Keyboard The Final Cut was released in March 1983, going straight to No.1 in the UK and No.6 in the US. Waters is credited with writing all the lyrics as well as all the music on the album.[180] Gilmour did not have any material ready for the album and asked Waters to delay the recording until he could write some songs, but Waters refused.[181] Gilmour later commented, "I'm certainly guilty at times of being lazy ... TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard but he wasn't right about wanting to put some duff tracks on The Final Cut." According to Mason, Gilmour's name "disappeared" from the production credits, after power struggles within the band and creative arguments about the album, though he retained his pay.[182] "Not Now John" was released as a single, with its chorus of "Fuck all that" bowdlerised to "Stuff all that"; Melody Makerdeclared it to be "a milestone in the history of awfulness". Compaq Presario CQ57-311 Laptop Keyboard Rolling Stone magazine gave the album five stars, with Kurt Loder calling it "a superlative achievement on several levels" and "art rock's crowning masterpiece".[183] Loder viewed the album as "essentially a Roger Waters solo album"[184] As Radio K.A.O.S. was released in June 1987, Gilmour was recruiting musicians for what would become Pink Floyd's first album without Waters—A Momentary Lapse of Reason. Artists such as Jon Carin and Phil Manzanera worked on the album, joined by Bob Ezrin.[190] SONY VAIO VGN-CR520E Laptop Keyboard Gilmour was also contacted by Wright's new wife. She had heard that he was working on new material and asked if Wright could contribute. Gilmour considered the request; there were several legal obstacles to Wright's re-admittance to the band but, after a meeting in Hampstead, he was brought back in.[191] Gilmour later stated in an interview with author Karl Dallas that Wright's presence, SONY VAIO VGN-NR10 Laptop Keyboard "would make us stronger legally and musically" and he was employed as a paid musician on a weekly wage of $11,000.[192] The album was recorded on Gilmour's houseboat, the Astoria, moored along the River Thames withAndy Jackson (a colleague of Guthrie) brought in as an engineer. Gilmour experimented with various songwriters, such as Eric Stewart and Roger McGough, TOSHIBA Satellite A305 Laptop Keyboard but eventually settled on Anthony Moore as the lyricist.[193] Gilmour would later admit that the new project was difficult without Waters's presence.[194] Mason was concerned that he was too out of practice to perform on the album and was replaced on occasion by session musicians. He instead busied himself with the album's sound effects. In a change from previous Floyd albums A Momentary Lapse of Reason was recorded onto a 32-channel Mitsubishi digital recorder using MIDI synchronisation with the aid of an Apple Macintosh computer.[195] HP G62-225NR Laptop Keyboard Waters on one occasion visited Astoria to see Ezrin, along with Christie who was by then his wife. As he was still a shareholder and director of Pink Floyd music, he was able to block any decisions made by his former band mates. Recording moved first to Mayfair Studios and then to Los Angeles—"It was fantastic because ... the lawyers couldn't call in the middle of recording unless they were calling in the middle of the night."[196]HP Pavilion dv6-3122tx Laptop Keyboard The album was released in September 1987. Storm Thorgerson, whose creative input was absent from The Wall and The Final Cut, was employed to design the cover.[197] In order to drive home the message that Waters had left the band, a group photograph was—for the first time since Meddle—included on the inside of the cover.[nb 18] The album went straight to number three in the United Kingdom and United States—DELL Vostro PP37L Laptop Keyboard held from the top spot by Michael Jackson's Badand Whitesnake's eponymous album Whitesnake. Although Gilmour initially viewed the album as a return to the band's best form, Wright would later disagree stating, "Roger's criticisms are fair. It's not a band album at all."[198] Q Magazine's view was that the album was primarily a Gilmour solo effort.[199] Waters said, "I think it's very facile, but a quite clever forgery ... The songs are poor in general; the lyrics I can't quite believe. Gilmour's lyrics are very third-rate."[200]SONY Vaio PCG-K415B Laptop Keyboard The associated tour had a rocky start. Waters tried to block a proposed Pink Floyd tour by contacting every promoter in the US and threatening to sue them if they used the Pink Floyd name. Gilmour and Mason funded the start-up costs with Mason, separated from his wife, using his Ferrari 250 GTO as collateral. Some promoters were offended by Waters's threat and, several months later, Lenovo 45N2240 Laptop Keyboard tickets went on sale in Toronto and were sold out within hours.[201] Early rehearsals for the upcoming tour were chaotic, with Mason and Wright completely out of practice; realising he'd taken on too much work, Gilmour asked Bob Ezrin to take charge. As the new band toured throughout North America, Waters' Radio K.A.O.S. tour was, on occasion, close by. HP 317443-001 Laptop Keyboard The bassist had banned any members of Pink Floyd from attending his concerts,[nb 19] which were generally in smaller venues than those housing his former band's performances. Waters issued a writ for copyright fees for the band's use of the flying pig and Pink Floyd responded by attaching a huge set of male genitalia to its underside to distinguish it from his design.[203]HP G62-451SA Laptop Keyboard By November 1987 Waters appeared to admit defeat and on 23 December a legal settlement was finally reached. Mason and Gilmour were allowed use of the Pink Floyd name in perpetuity and Waters would be granted, amongst other things, TOSHIBA Satellite L40-18Z Laptop Keyboard The Wall. The bickering continued however, with Waters issuing the occasional slight against his former friends and Gilmour and Mason responding by making light of Waters's claims that they would fail without him.[204] The Sun printed a story about Waters, who it claimed had paid an artist to create 150 toilet rolls with Gilmour's face on every sheet; Waters denied the story, but joked that he thought it was a good idea.[205]SONY VAIO VGN-CR327 Laptop Keyboard

The Division Bell

For several years the three members of Pink Floyd busied themselves with personal pursuits, such as filming and competing in the Carrera Panamericana (where Gilmour and O'Rourke crashed) and later recording a soundtrack for the film.[206] Gilmour divorced Ginger and Mason married actress Annette Lynton.[207] In January 1993 the band began working on a new album. HP Pavilion dv6-3016sl Laptop Keyboard They returned to a then remodelled Britannia Row Studios, where for several days Gilmour, Mason, and Wright worked collaboratively, ad-libbing new material. After about two weeks the band had enough ideas to start creating new songs.[nb 20] Bob Ezrin returned to work on the album and production moved to Astoria, where from February to May 1993 the band worked on about twenty-five ideas.[209] DELL Inspiron N4030 Laptop Keyboard Contractually, Wright was still not a full member of the band: "It came very close to a point where I wasn't going to do the album", a situation which clearly upset the keyboardist; however, he was given his first songwriting credit on a Pink Floyd album since 1975's Wish You Were Here.[210] Another songwriter credited on the album was Gilmour's new girlfriend, Polly Samson. She helped write "High Hopes" with Gilmour—along with several other tracks—a situation which,  HP Pavilion G6-1139TX Laptop Keyboard though initially tense, Ezrin said, "pulled the whole album together".[211] She also helped Gilmour who had developed a cocaine habit following his divorce.[212] Michael Kamen was brought in to work on the album's various string arrangements and Dick Parry and Chris Thomas also returned.[209][213] Keen to avoid competing against other album releases (as had happened with A Momentary Lapse) the band set a deadline of April 1994, SONY 147996611 Laptop Keyboard at which point they would begin touring again. The album title was chosen by writerDouglas Adams and Storm Thorgerson once again provided the cover artwork.[214] Thorgerson also provided six new pieces of film for the upcoming tour.[215]HP COMPAQ NX6120 Laptop Keyboard The band spent over two weeks rehearsing in a hangar at Norton Air Force Base in San Bernardino, California, before opening on 29 March 1994, in Miami with an almost identical crew to that used for their Momentary Lapse of Reasontour.[216] They played a mixture of Pink Floyd favourites, but later changed their setlist to include The Dark Side of the Moon in its entirety.[217]SONY KFRMBA221A Laptop Keyboard The band also renewed their acquaintance with Peter Wynne Willson.[218] Waters declined the band's invitation to join them as the tour reached Europe, later expressing his annoyance that some Pink Floyd songs were again being performed in large venues.[219] A 1,200 capacity stand collapsed at Earls Courtduring the European leg of the tour, but with no serious injuries, ACER 90.4CD07.S1D Laptop Keyboard and the performance was rescheduled.[219] The tour ended on 29 October 1994, with what was the last performance of the final Pink Floyd tour.[219] A live album Pulse and a concert video, also called Pulse, were released in 1995.[220]HP Pavilion DV6-1210sa Laptop Keyboard 2005–present On Saturday 2 July 2005, the classic line-up of Pink Floyd performed together on stage for the first time in over 24 years at the Live 8 concert.[221] The reunion had been arranged by Live 8 organiser Bob Geldof who had called Mason earlier in the year to discuss the band reuniting for the event. Geldof asked Gilmour, who turned down the offer, and then asked Mason to intercede on his behalf. SONY VAIO PCG-FR215H Laptop Keyboard Mason declined, but contacted Waters who was immediately enthusiastic. Waters then called Geldof to discuss the event, which was at that time only a month away. About two weeks later Waters called Gilmour, their first conversation for about two years, and the next day the latter agreed. Wright was contacted and immediately agreed. Statements were issued to the press which stressed the unimportance of the band's problems, compared to the context of the Live 8 event.[222]Lenovo 04W0872 Laptop Keyboard The set-list was planned at the Connaught Hotel in London, followed by three days of rehearsals at Black Island Studios.[222]The sessions were troublesome, with minor disagreements over the style and pace of the songs they were practising. The final set-list and running order was decided on the eve of the performance.[223] Gilmour and Waters shared lead vocals on "Wish You Were Here", DELL Latitude D830 Laptop Keyboard and at the start of their performance, Waters told the audience: "It's actually quite emotional, standing up here with these three guys after all these years, standing to be counted with the rest of you. Anyway, we're doing this for everyone who's not here, and particularly of course for Syd."[224] At the end of their performance Gilmour thanked the audience and started to walk off the stage but Waters called him back and the band shared a group hug. SONY VAIO VGN-NR11Z/S Laptop Keyboard Images of that hug were a favourite amongst Sunday newspapers after Live 8.[225] Waters commented on their almost twenty-year period of animosity: "I don't think any of us came out of the years from 1985 with any credit ... It was a bad, negative time. And I regret my part in that negativity."[226]TOSHIBA Satellite M640 Laptop Keyboard In the week following their performance there was a revival of interest in Pink Floyd. According to HMV, in the week following sales of Echoes: The Best of Pink Floyd rose by 1,343 per cent, while Amazon.com reported a significant increase in sales of The Wall.[227] Gilmour subsequently declared that he would donate his share of profits from this sales boom to charity and urged other artists and record companies profiting from Live 8 to do the same.[227]TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7220 Laptop Keyboard Pink Floyd turned down a £136 million (then about $250 million) deal for a final tour. Waters did not rule out further performances, however he suggested it ought to be only for a special occasion.[225] Gilmour told the Associated Press that a reunion would not happen, stating: "The [Live 8] rehearsals convinced me it wasn't something I wanted to be doing a lot of ... HP 640436-001 Laptop Keyboard There have been all sorts of farewell moments in people's lives and careers which they have then rescinded, but I think I can fairly categorically say that there won't be a tour or an album again that I take part in. It isn't to do with animosity or anything like that. It's just ... I've been there, I've done it."[228]SONY VAIO VGN-NR21Z/S Laptop Keyboard In September 2005 Waters released Ça Ira, an opera in three acts to a French libretto, based on the historical subject of the French Revolution.[229][nb 21]Gilmour released his third solo record, On an Island, on 6 March 2006—his 60th birthday, and he began a tour of small concert venues in Europe, Canada and the US, with contributions from Wright and other musicians from the post-Waters Pink Floyd tours. COMPA

Q 367777-001 Laptop Keyboard Mason joined Gilmour and Wright for the final night of the tour and played on selected dates on Waters' 2006 Europe and U.S. tour "The Dark Side of the Moon Live". Gilmour, Wright, and Mason's encore performances of "Wish You Were Here" and "Comfortably Numb" marked the first performance by Pink Floyd since Live 8.[231]HP G42-359TU Laptop Keyboard Barrett died on 7 July 2006, at his home in Cambridgeshire aged 60.[232] He was interred at Cambridge Crematorium on 18 July 2006. No Pink Floyd members attended. After Barrett's death Wright said, "The band are very naturally upset and sad to hear of Syd Barrett's death. Syd was the guiding light of the early band line-up and leaves a legacy which continues to inspire."[232] HP 317443-001 Keyboard Although Barrett had faded into obscurity over the previous 35 years, he was lauded in the national press for his contributions to music.[233] He left over £1.25M in his will, to be divided among his immediate family, SAMSUNG NP-NC10-JP01 Laptop Keyboard and some of his possessions and artwork were auctioned.[234] On 10 May 2007, Waters and Pink Floyd performed separately a Barrett tribute concert at the Barbican Centre in London. The band performed some of Barrett's hits, such as "Bike" and "Arnold Layne", at the event which was organised by Joe Boyd and Nick Laird-Clowes.[235]Lenovo ThinkPad T410s-2912 Laptop Keyboard Wright died of cancer on 15 September 2008, aged 65.[236] He was praised by his surviving band mates for his influence on the overall sound of Pink Floyd.[237] On 10 July 2010, Roger Waters and David Gilmour performed together at a charity event for the Hoping Foundation. The event took place at Kiddington Hall in Oxfordshire, England. The pair played to an audience of approximately 200. HP Probook 4520S Laptop Keyboard The event raised money for Palestinian children in order to give them a better life.[238] In return for Waters' appearance at the event, Gilmour agreed to perform "Comfortably Numb" at one of Waters' upcoming performances of The Wall.[239]On 4 January 2011, Pink Floyd signed a five-year record deal with EMI, ending the legal dispute regarding how their material is distributed in the era of individual track downloads. They defended their vision to keep their albums as a cohesive unit and not just individual tracks.[240]HP G61-405SL Laptop Keyboard On 12 May 2011, at the O2 Arena in London, Gilmour made good on his promise to play "Comfortably Numb" at one of Waters' performances of The Wall.[241] Gilmour sang the first and second chorus, and played the two guitar solos. After the wall fell down near the end of the show Waters said to the crowd, "So now we know tonight was the night when David did me the enormous honour of coming to play Comfortably Numb. HP G62-b20SA Laptop Keyboard So please welcome David Gilmour! By a strange and extraordinary happy coincidence, there is another remnant of our old band here tonight. Please welcome Mr. Nick Mason to the stage!"[241] Gilmour and Mason, with respectively a mandolin and a tambourine, joined Waters and the rest of his band for "Outside The Wall", effectively representing a full reunion of all living Pink Floyd members.[241] HP 640436-001 Laptop Keyboard It was the first time since Live 8 that the three members shared the same stage and the first time that the line-up from the album The Final Cutappeared in concert.[242] On 26 September 2011, Pink Floyd and EMI launched an exhaustive re-release campaign under the title Why Pink Floyd...?, reissuing the band's back catalogue in newly remastered versions, including special "Immersion" multi-disc multi-format editions. All the albums have been remastered by James Guthrie, the co-producer of The Wall.[243]TOSHIBA Satellite L555-S7929 Laptop Keyboard Pink Floyd are one of the most commercially successful and influential rock music groups of all time.[244] They have sold over 250 million records worldwide, including 74.5 million certified units in the United States, of which 37.2 million albums have been sold since 1991.[245]HP 599572-001 Laptop Keyboard In 2004, Pink Floyd were ranked number 7 on MSNBC's list of "The 10 Best Rock Bands Ever",[246] and number 51 on Rolling Stonemagazine's list of "The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time",[247] with David Gilmour ranking 14th in the greatest guitarists list,[248] and were named by Q Magazine as the biggest band of all time.[249] The band were ranked number 18 in the VH1 list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time",[250] HP Pavilion G6-1B59WM Laptop Keyboard and number 15 on VH1's list of the "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock".[251] Largely due to the success of their albums the band was ranked number 3 in Colin Larkin’s the 'Top 50 Artists Of All Time', a ranking based on the cumulative votes for each artist’s albums that appear in the All Time Top 1000 Albums.[252] The Sunday Times Rich List Music Millionaires 2012 ranked Waters at No.22 with an estimated wealth of £120m, Gilmour at No.32 with £85m and Mason at No.46 with £50m.[253]Compaq Presario CQ57-311 Laptop Keyboard Numerous artists have been influenced by the music of Pink Floyd; David Bowie has called Barrett a major inspiration,[254] andThe Edge from U2 bought his first delay pedal after hearing the opening guitar chords to "Dogs" from Animals.[255] Other bands who cite Pink Floyd as an influence include: Queen,[256] Tool,[257] Radiohead,[258] Kraftwerk,[259] Yes,[260] HP G56-141US Laptop Keyboard Queensryche,[261] Nine Inch Nails,[262] The Orb,[263] and The Smashing Pumpkins.[264] In 1976, Pink Floyd negatively influenced the English punk rock movement, and even on the recruitment of Johnny Rotten to the Sex Pistols, being one of those groups against which the movement was a furious stylistic reaction. ACER Aspire 7520 Laptop Keyboard Floyd played an unwitting role in Chelsea bondage-boutique owner Malcolm McLaren's discovery of the notorious Johnny Rotten ...[McLaren recruited] the Sex Pistols' lead singer largely on the strength of Rotten's "sadistically mutilated" Pink Floyd T-shirt with the words "I hate" scribbled in a Biro trembling with furious loathing above the Dodo's moniker.[265]HP 605344-001 Laptop Keyboard Pink Floyd have been nominated for and won multiple awards, including a "Best Engineered Non-Classical Album" Grammy in 1980 for The Wall and BAFTAs award for 'Best Original Song' (awarded to Waters) and 'Best Sound' (awarded to James Guthrie, Eddy Joseph, Clive Winter, Graham Hartstone and Nicholas Le Messurier) in 1982 for the The Wall film.[266] SONY VAIO VGN-FS550 Laptop Keyboard In 1995, they won a Grammy for best "Rock Instrumental Performance" for "Marooned".[267] In 2008, Pink Floyd were awarded thePolar Music Prize for their contribution to contemporary music; Waters and Mason accepted the prize from King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.[268] They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996, the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005, and the Hit Parade Hall of Fame in 2010.[269]Compaq Presario CQ62-229SA Laptop Keyboard  IBM Lenovo ThinkPad X300 Laptop Keyboard

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