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26 mars 2012 1 26 /03 /mars /2012 03:56


Gates appeared in a series of ads to promote Microsoft in 2008. The first commercial, co-starring Jerry Seinfeld, is a 90-second talk between strangers as Seinfeld walks up on a discount shoe store (Shoe Circus) in a mall and notices Gates buying shoes inside. oshiba PA3399U-1BRS Battery

The salesman is trying to sell Mr. Gates shoes that are a size too big. As Gates is buying the shoes, he holds up his discount card, which uses a slightly altered version of his own mugshot of his arrest in New Mexico in 1977 for a traffic violation.[56] Sony VGN-NS21Z/S Laptop Battery

As they are walking out of the mall, Seinfeld asks Gates if he has melded his mind to other developers, after getting a yes, he then asks if they are working on a way to make computers edible, again getting a yes. Some say that this is an homage to Seinfeld's own show about "nothing" (Seinfeld).[57]  Sony VGN-NS15G/S battery.

In a second commercial in the series, Gates and Seinfeld are at the home of an average family trying to fit in with normal people.  Sony VGP-BPS21A battery.


Since leaving Microsoft, Gates continues his philanthropy and, among other projects, purchased the video rights to the Messenger Lectures series called The Character of Physical Law, given at Cornell University by Richard Feynman in 1964 and recorded by the BBC. The videos are available online to the public at Microsoft's Project Tuva.[58][59] Asus X5DIN battery.


In April 2010, Gates was invited to visit and speak at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he asked the students to take on the hard problems of the world in their futures.[60][61] Asus K70AB battery.


Personal life

Gates married Melinda French on January 1, 1994. They have two daughters, Jennifer Katharine Gates (1996) and Phoebe Adele (2002), and one son, Rory John (1999).  Asus A52JB battery.


The Gates's home is an earth-sheltered house in the side of a hill overlooking Lake Washington in Medina. According to King County public records, as of 2006 the total assessed value of the property (land and house) is $125 million, and the annual property tax is $991,000. Asus K50IP battery.


His 66,000 sq ft (6,100 m2) estate has a 60-foot (18 m) swimming pool with an underwater music system, as well as a 2,500 sq ft (230 m2) gym and a 1,000 sq ft (93 m2) dining room.[62]HP Pavilion DV4 DV5 Battery


Also among Gates' private acquisitions is the Codex Leicester, a collection of writings byLeonardo da Vinci, which Gates bought for $30.8 million at an auction in 1994.[63] Gates is also known as an avid reader, and the ceiling of his large home library is engraved with a quotation from The Great Gatsby.[64] He also enjoys playing bridge, tennis, and golf.[65][66] Canon IXY Digital 70 Battery - 780mAh


Gates was number one on the Forbes 400 list from 1993 through to 2007 and number one on Forbes list of The World's Richest People from 1995 to 2007 and 2009. In 1999, Gates's wealth briefly surpassed $101 billion, causing the media to call him a "centibillionaire".[67] Sony NP-F730 Battery - 4200mAh

Since 2000, the nominal value of his Microsoft holdings has declined due to a fall in Microsoft's stock price after the dot-com bubble burst and the multi-billion dollar donations he has made to his charitable foundations. In a May 2006 interview, Gates commented that he wished that he were not the richest man in the world because he disliked the attention it brought.[68] Asus A42-A3 Battery

Gates has several investments outside Microsoft, which in 2006 paid him a salary of $616,667 and $350,000 bonus totalling $966,667.[69] He founded Corbis, a digital imaging company, in 1989. In 2004 he became a director ofBerkshire Hathaway, the investment company headed by long-time friend Warren Buffett.[70] In March 2010 Bill Gates was bumped down to the second wealthiest man behind Carlos Slim.  Sony VGN-NS21Z/S battery


In 1987, Gates was officially declared a billionaire in the pages of Forbes' 400 Richest People in America issue, just days before his 32nd birthday. As the world's youngest self-made billionaire, he was worth $1.25 billion, over $900 million more than he'd been worth the year before, when he'd debuted on the list.[86]Asus K50AB battery


Time magazine named Gates one of the 100 people who most influenced the 20th century, as well as one of the 100 most influential people of 2004, 2005, and 2006. Timealso collectively named Gates, his wife Melinda and U2's lead singer Bono as the 2005Persons of the Year for their humanitarian efforts.[87] In 2006, he was voted eighth in the list of "Heroes of our time".[88]  Asus X52DE battery.

Gates was listed in the Sunday Times power list in 1999, named CEO of the year by Chief Executive Officers magazine in 1994, ranked number one in the "Top 50 Cyber Elite" by Time in 1998, ranked number two in the Upside Elite 100 in 1999 and was included in The Guardian as one of the "Top 100 influential people in media" in 2001.[89]Sony vaio VPCYA15FG/B battery.


In 1994, he was honoured as the twentieth Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society. Gates has received honorary doctorates from Nyenrode Business Universiteit,Breukelen, The Netherlands, in 2000;[90] Sony vaio VPCYA15FG battery.

the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, in 2002; invited in 2003 to deliver the keynote address[91] of the Golden Jubilee of the Indian Institute of Technology,held in San Jose, California;[92] Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, in 2005; Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, in April 2007;[93] Asus K50IP battery.

Harvard University in June 2007;[94] the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, in January 2008,[95] and Cambridge University in June 2009.[96] He was also made an honorary trustee of Peking University in 2007.[97] Gates was also made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II in 2005,[98] in addition to havingentomologists name the Bill Gates flower fly, Eristalis gatesi, in his honor.[99] Asus A52JB battery.


In November 2006, he and his wife were awarded the Order of the Aztec Eagle for their philanthropic work around the world in the areas of health and education, particularly in Mexico, and specifically in the program "Un país de lectores".[100] Asus K70AB battery.

In October 2009, it was announced that Gates will be awarded the 2010 Bower Award for Business Leadership ofThe Franklin Institute for his achievements in business and for his philanthropic work. In 2010 he was honored with the Silver Buffalo Award by the Boy Scouts of America, its highest award for adults, for his service to youth.[101] Asus X5DIN battery.


In 2011, Bill Gates was ranked as the fifth most powerful person in the world, according to rankings by Forbes magazine.[102]Sony VPCB11AGJ Battery

Books and films

To date, Bill Gates has authored two books. The Road Ahead, written with Microsoft executive Nathan Myhrvold and journalist Peter Rinearson, was published in November 1995, and it summarized the implications of the personal computing revolution and described a future profoundly changed by the arrival of a global information superhighway.Business @ the Speed of Thought was published in 1999, Sony VPCB11AV Battery

and discusses how business and technology are integrated, and shows how digital infrastructures and information networks can help getting an edge on the competition. Sony VPCB11V9E Battery


Gates has appeared in a number of documentaries, including the 2010 documentary filmWaiting for "Superman",[103] and the BBC documentary series The Virtual Revolution. Sony VPCB11X9E Battery


Gates was prominently featured in Pirates of Silicon Valley, a 1999 film which chronicles the rise of Apple and Microsoft from the early 1970s to 1997. He was portrayed by Anthony Michael HallSony VPCCW12EN/BU Battery


Carlos Slim

Carlos Slim Helú (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaɾlos esˈlim eˈlu]; born January 28, 1940) is a Mexican business magnate and philanthropist[2] who, as of 2012, is the richest person in the world[3] for the third year in a row. Sony VPCCW13EG/BU Battery

He is the chairman and chief executive of telecommunications companies Telmex and América Móvil and has extensive holdings in other Mexican companies through his conglomerate, Grupo Carso SAB, as well as business interests elsewhere in the world. Sony VPCCW12ES/BU Battery


América Móvil, which in 2010 was Latin America’s largest mobile-phone carrier, accounted for around US$49 billion of Slim's wealth by the end of 2010.[4] His corporate holdings as of March 2012 have been estimated at US$69 billion.[1]Sony VPCCW13FX/R Battery


Early years

Slim was born in Mexico City, Mexico in 1940 to Maronite Christian parents Julián Slim Haddad and Linda Helú, both of Lebanese descent.[5][6] His father, born Khalil Slim Haddad, immigrated to Mexico at the age of 14 in 1902 and changed his first name to Julián.[5] Sony VPCCW152C/B Battery

As it was not uncommon for Lebanese children to be sent abroad before they reached the age of 15 to avoid being conscripted into the Ottoman army, four of Haddad's older brothers were already living in Mexico at the time of his arrival.[2]Sony VPCCW152C/W Battery


Carlos Slim's mother, Linda Helú, was born in Parral, Chihuahua, of Lebanese parents who had immigrated to Mexico in the late 19th century. Her parents upon immigrating to Mexico had founded one of the first Arabic language magazines for the Lebanese-Mexicancommunity, using a printing press they had brought with them.[2]Sony VPCCW15FA/B Battery


In 1911, Julián established a dry goods store, La Estrella del Oriente (The Star of the Orient). By 1921, he had purchased real estate in the flourishing commercial district of Mexico City. These enterprises became the source of considerable wealth.[2]Sony VPCCW15FA/P Battery


In August 1926, Julián Slim and Linda Helú married. They had six children: Nour, Alma, Julián, José, Carlos and Linda. Julián senior, who had been influential in the Lebanese-Mexican business community, died in 1953.[2]Sony VPCCW15FA/W Battery


Slim and his siblings were taught basic business practices by their father, and at the age of 12, Slim bought shares in a Mexican bank. At the age of 17, he earned 200 pesos a week working for his father's company.[7] He went on to study engineering at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Sony VPCCW15FG/B Battery

while simultaneously teaching algebra and linear programming there. In 1965 he incorporated Inversora Bursátil and then bought Jarritos del Sur. In 1966, already worth US$40 million,[8] he founded Inmobiliaria Carso. Three months later he married Soumaya Domit Gemayel (the Carso name derives from the first three letters of Carlo and the first two of Soumaya) and they remained married until her death in 1999.[2]Sony VPCCW15FG/P Battery


Construction, real estate and mining businesses were the focus of his early career. By 1972 he had established or acquired a further seven businesses in these categories, including one which rented construction equipment. Sony VPCCW15FN/R Battery

In 1976 he branched out by buying a 60% interest in a printing business and in 1980 he consolidated his business interests by forming Grupo Galas as the parent company of a conglomerate that had interests in industry, construction, mining, retail, food and tobacco.[2]Sony VPCCW15FG/W Battery


In 1982 the Mexican economy, which had substantially relied on oil exports, contracted rapidly as the price of oil fell and interest rates rose worldwide. Banks and other businesses were nationalized, crippled or collapsed and the peso was devalued.[citation needed] Sony VPCCW16FA/B Battery

At this time, and during the period of recovery to 1985, Slim invested heavily. He bought outright, or a large percentage of, numerous Mexican businesses, including Reynolds Aluminio, General Popo (General Tire's trading name in Mexico), Bimex hotels and Sanborns, Sony VPCCW16FA/L Battery

a food retailer. He also acquired a 40% interest in the Mexican arms ofBritish American Tobacco and 50% of that of Hershey's. He moved into financial services as well, buying Seguros de México and creating from it, along with other purchases such as Fianzas La Guardiana and Casa de Bolsa Inbursa, the Grupo Financiero Inbursa. Many of these acquisitions were financed by the cash flows from Cigatam, a tobacco business which he bought early in the economic downturn.[2]Sony VPCCW16FA/P Battery


He added the Nacrobre group of companies – which trade in copper and aluminium products – in 1986, along with a chemicals business, Química Fluor, and others.[2]Sony VPCCW16FA/R Battery


In 1990 the Grupo Carso was floated as a public company, with share placements initially in Mexico and then worldwide.[2]Sony VPCCW16FA/W Battery


Later in 1990 he acted in concert with France Télécom and Southwestern Bell Corporationin order to buy landline telephony company Telmex from the Mexican government.[2] By 2006, 90 percent of the telephone lines in Mexico are operated by Telmex, whilst his mobile telephony company, Telcel, operates almost eighty percent of all the country's cellphones.[9] Telcel was created out of the Radiomóvil Dipsa company.[2]Sony VPCCW16FG/B Battery



In 1991 he acquired Hoteles Calinda (today, OSTAR Grupo Hotelero) and in 1993 increased his stakes in General Tire and Grupo Aluminio to the point where he had a majority interest.[2]Sony VPCCW16FG/L Battery


In 1996 Grupo Carso was split into three companies – Carso Global Telecom, Grupo Carso, and Invercorporación – and the following year Slim bought the Mexican arm ofSears Roebuck.[2]Sony VPCCW16FG/P Battery


1999 saw Slim expanding his business interests beyond Latin America. He set up Telmex USA and also acquired a stake in Tracfone, a US cellular telephone company. At the same time he established Carso Infraestructura y Construcción, Sony VPCCW16FG/R Battery

S. A. (CICSA) as a part of the Grupo Carso, this being a construction and engineering company.[2] It was also at this time that he had heart surgery and subsequently passed on much of the day-to-day involvement in the businesses to his children and their spouses.[9]Sony VPCCW16FG/W Battery


América Telecom, the holding company for América Móvil was incorporated in 2000. It took stakes in various cellular telephone companies outside Mexico, including the Brazilian ATL and Telecom Americas concerns, Sony VPCCW18FG/B Battery

Techtel in Argentina, and others in Guatemala and Ecuador. In subsequent years there was further investment in this sphere, including deals involving companies in Colombia, Nicaragua, Peru, Chile, Honduras and El Salvador. 2000 also saw a venture with Microsoft which led to the start of the Spanish T1msn portal, later renamed ProdigyMSN.[2]Sony VPCCW18FJ Battery


He formed Impulsora del Desarrollo y el Empleo en America Latina SAB de CV (IDEAL – roughly translated as "Promoter of Development and Employment in Latin America"), a Mexico-based company primarily engaged in not-for-profit infrastructure development. This was in 2005, when he also invested in the Volaris airline.[2]Sony VPCCW19FJ Battery


Having amassed a 50.1% stake in Cigatam, the tobacco company, Slim reduced his holdings by selling a large part of that to Philip Morris in 2007 for $1.1bn, while in the same year also selling his entire interest in a tile company, Porcelanite, for $800m. He also licensed the Saks name and opened Saks Fifth Avenue in Santa Fé, Mexico. The following year saw him take a 6.4% stake in The New York Times Company.[2]Sony VPCCW1AFJ Battery


On December 8, 2007, Grupo Carso announced that the remaining 103 CompUSA stores would be either liquidated or sold, bringing an end to the struggling company as it was then known,[10] although the brand continues. After 28 years he became the Honorary Lifetime Chairman of the business. He is also Chairman of Teléfonos de Mexico, América Móvil, and Grupo Financiero Inbursa. Sony VPCCW1AGG/B Battery


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