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26 mars 2012 1 26 /03 /mars /2012 03:56

Personal wealth

On March 29, 2007, Slim surpassed Warren Buffett as the world's second richest person with an estimated net worth of $53.1 billion compared to Buffet's $52.4 billion.[11] Sony VPCCW1AHJ Battery


On August 4, 2007, The Wall Street Journal ran a cover story profiling Slim. The article said, "While the market value of his stake in publicly traded companies could decline at any time, at the moment he is probably wealthier than Bill Gates".[12] According to The Wall Street Journal, Slim credits part of his ability to "discover investment opportunities" early to the writings of his friend, futurist author Alvin Toffler.[12] Sony VPCCW1BGN/BU Battery


On August 8, 2007, Fortune reported that Slim had overtaken Gates as the world's richest man. Slim's estimated fortune soared to $59 billion, based on the value of his public holdings at the end of July. Gates' net worth was estimated to be at least $58 billion.[12][13] Sony VPCCW1FFX/L Battery


On March 5, 2008, Forbes ranked Slim as the world's second-richest person, behind Warren Buffett and ahead of Bill Gates.[14]

On March 11, 2009, Forbes ranked Slim as the world's third-richest person, behind Gates and Buffett and ahead of Lawrence Ellison.[14] Sony VPCCW1S1E Battery


On March 10, 2010, Forbes once again reported that Slim had overtaken Gates as the world's richest man, with a net worth of $53.5 billion. Gates and Buffett now have a net worth of $53 billion and $47 billion respectively.[14] Sony VPCCW1ZEG/BU Battery

 He was the first Mexican to top the list.[15] It was the first time in 16 years that the person on top of the list was not from the United States.[16] It was also the first time the person at the top of the list was from an "emerging economy."[17] Sony VPCCW1ZEH/BU Battery


In March 2011, Forbes stated that Slim had maintained his position as the wealthiest person in the world, with his fortune estimated at $74 billion.[1] Sony VPCCW21FX/B Battery



In 1995 he established Fundación Telmex, a broad-ranging philanthropic foundation. This followed the creation of his eponymous non-profit philanthropic foundation, Fundación Carlos Slim Helú in 1986. In 2007 Slim announced that the latter body had been provided with an asset base of $4 billion and that it would be establishing Carso Institutes for Health, Sports and Education. Sony VPCCW21FX/L Battery

Furthermore, it was to work in support of an initiative of Bill Clintonto aid the people of Latin America.[2] Because Mexican foundations are not required to publish their financial information, it is not possible to confirm Slim’s claims of charitable giving through a public source. Sony VPCCW21FX/R Battery


Among the activities of Fundación Telmex has been the organisation of Copa Telmex, an amateur sports tournament which in 2007 was recognised by Guinness World Recordsas having the most participants of any such tournament in the world, a record which it extended in 2008. Together with Fundación Carlos Slim Helú, this organisation announced in the same year that it was to invest more than $250 million in Mexican sports programmes, from grass-roots level to Olympic standard.[2] Sony VPCCW21FX/W Battery


The Fundación Carlos Slim Helú sponsors the Museo Soumaya in Mexico City which contains the world's second-largest (and largest private) collection of Rodin sculptures, including The Kiss. Named after Slim's late wife, Soumaya Domit, Sony VPCCW26FA/B Battery

the Museo Soumaya holds 66,000 pieces, including religious relics, works by Leonardo Da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and coins from the viceroys of Spain. In particular, the museum holds the largest Dalí collection in Latin America.[18] Sony VPCCW26FA/L Battery


In 2000, Slim, along with ex-broadcaster Jacobo Zabludowsky organized the Fundación del Centro Histórico de la Ciudad de México A.C. (Mexico City Historic Downtown Foundation), with the objective to revitalizing and rescuing Mexico City's historic downtown area to enable more people to live, work and find entertainment there.[2] He has been Chairman of the Executive Committee for the Restoration of the Historic Jeripollas since 2001.[citation needed] Sony VPCCW26FA/P Battery

In 2010 he inaugurated the first phase of the Plaza Mariana project in the Basilica de Guadalupe to reorganize tolerated commerce[clarification needed] in the atrium and adjacent space.[citation needed] He also inaugurated his version of the Rockefeller Centerwhere most of his ventures will now share a common headquarters address, Plaza Carso.[citation needed] Sony VPCCW26FA/R Battery


In May 2011, Slim was mentioned in Forbes' World's Biggest Givers after donating $4 billion to his foundation.[19]

Achievements and directorships

Slim has been vice-president of the Mexican Stock Exchange and president of the Mexican Association of Brokerage Houses.[when?] He was the first president of the Latin-American Committee of the New York Stock Exchange Administration Council, and was in office from 1996 through 1998. Sony VPCCW26FA/W Battery


Slim was on the Board of Directors of the Altria Group (previously known as Philip Morris) until his resignation in April 2006. Slim was also on the Board of Directors of Alcatel. Slim currently sits on the Board of Directors for Philip Morris International. Sony VPCCW26FG/B Battery

He was on the Board of Directors of SBC Communications until July 2004, when he quit to devote more time to the World Education & Development Fund, which is focused on infrastructure, health and education projects. In 1997, just before the company introduced its iMac line, Slim bought 3% of Apple Inc.'s stock. Sony VPCCW26FG/L Battery


In 2008 it was reported that Slim had shown an interest in buying the Honda Formula Oneteam.[20] Telmex is sponsoring the Sauber F1 team for the 2011 season.[21] [22] [23] Sony VPCCW26FG/P Battery



The Mexican magnate's growing fortune has caused a controversy because it has been amassed in a developing country where per capita income does not surpass $14,500 a year, and nearly 17% of the population lives in poverty.[24] Sony VPCCW26FG/R Battery

Critics claim that Slim is amonopolist, pointing to Telmex's control of 90% of the Mexican landline telephone market. Slim's wealth is the equivalent of roughly 5% of Mexico's annual economic output.[25]Telmex, of which 49.1% is owned by Slim and his family, charges among the highest usage fees in the world, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.[26] Sony VPCCW26FG/W Battery


According to Professor Celso Garrido, an economist at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Slim's domination of Mexico's conglomerates prevents the growth of smaller companies, resulting in a shortage of paying jobs and forcing many Mexicans to seek better lives in the United States of America.[27] Sony VPCCW26FH/B Battery


Slim has stated, "When you live for others' opinions, you are dead. I don't want to live thinking about how I'll be remembered," claiming indifference about his position on Forbes list of the worlds richest people and has said he has no interest in becoming the world's richest person. Sony VPCCW26FH/L Battery

When asked to explain his sudden increase in wealth at a press conference soon after Forbes annual rankings were published, he reportedly said, "The stock market goes up ... and down", and noted that his fortune could quickly drop.[25] Sony VPCCW26FH/P Battery



Slim has been awarded the Entrepreneurial Merit Medal of Honor from Mexico's Chamber of Commerce. He is a "gold patron" of the American Academy of Achievement,[28] a Commander in the Belgian Order of Leopold II, CEO of the year in 2003 by Latin Trademagazine, and one year later CEO of the decade by the same magazine. Sony VPCCW26FH/R Battery


In 2008 his philanthropy was recognised with the award of The National Order of the Cedarby the Lebanese government.[2] Sony VPCCW26FH/W Battery


Personal life

Slim was married to Soumaya Domit from 1967 until her death in 1999. Among her interests were various philanthropic projects, including the creation of a legal framework for organ donation.[2] Sony VPCCW26FX/B Battery


Slim has six children: Carlos, Marco Antonio, Patrick, Soumaya, Vanessa, and Johanna.[citation needed]

Charles Baudelaire

Charles Pierre Baudelaire (French: [ʃaʁl bodlɛʁ]; April 9, 1821 – August 31, 1867) was aFrench poet who produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneeringtranslator of Edgar Allan Poe. His most famous work, Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil), expresses the changing nature of beauty in modern, Sony VPCCW28FG/B Battery

industrializing Paris during the 19th century. Baudelaire's highly original style of prose-poetry influenced a whole generation of poets including Paul Verlaine, Sony VPCCW28FJ/P Battery

Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarméamong many others. He is credited with coining the term "modernity" (modernité) to designate the fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility art has to capture that experience.[1] Sony VPCCW28FJ/R Battery


Baudelaire is one of the major innovators in French literature. His poetry is influenced by the French romantic poets of the earlier 19th century, although its attention to the formal features of verse connect it more closely to the work of the contemporary 'Parnassians'. Sony VPCCW28FJ/W Battery

As for theme and tone, in his works we see the rejection of the belief in the supremacy of nature and the fundamental goodness of man as typically espoused by the romantics and expressed by them in rhetorical, effusive and public voice in favor of a new urban sensibility, Sony VPCCW29FJ Battery

an awareness of individual moral complexity, an interest in vice (linked withdecadence) and refined sensual and aesthetical pleasures, and the use of urban subject matter, such as the city, the crowd, individual passers-by, all expressed in highly ordered verse, sometimes through a cynical and ironic voice. Sony VPCCW2AFJ Battery

Formally, the use of sound to create atmosphere, and of 'symbols', (images which take on an expanded function within the poem), betray a move towards considering the poem as a self-referential object, an idea further developed by the Symbolists Verlaine and Mallarmé, who acknowledge Baudelaire as a pioneer in this regard.Sony VPCCW2AGG/B Battery


Beyond his innovations in versification and the theories of symbolism and 'correspondences', an awareness of which is essential to any appreciation of the literary value of his work, aspects of his work which regularly receive (or have received) much critical discussion include the role of women, Sony VPCCW2AHJ Battery

the theological direction of his work and his alleged advocacy of 'satanism', his experience of drug-induced states of mind, the figure of the dandy, his stance regarding democracy and its implications for the individual, his response to the spiritual uncertainties of the time, his criticisms of the bourgeois, and his advocacy of modern music and painting (e.g., Wagner, Delacroix). Sony VPCCW2BGN/BU Battery



Baudelaire was born in Paris, France on April 9, 1821 and baptized two months later atSaint-Sulpice Roman Catholic Church.[2] His father, François Baudelaire, a senior civil servant and amateur artist, was thirty-four years older than Baudelaire's mother. Sony VPCCW2MFX/PU Battery

 François died during Baudelaire's childhood, in 1827. The following year, Caroline married Lieutenant Colonel Jacques Aupick, who later became a French ambassador to various noble courts. Biographers have often seen this as a crucial moment, Sony VPCCW2S1E Battery

considering that finding himself no longer the sole focus of his mother's affection left him with a trauma which goes some way to explaining the excesses later apparent in his life. He stated in a letter to her that, "There was in my childhood a period of passionate love for you".[3]Baudelaire regularly implored his mother for money throughout his career, often promising that a lucrative publishing contract or journalistic commission was just around the corner. Sony VPCCW2S5C Battery


Baudelaire was educated in Lyon, where he boarded. Baudelaire at fourteen was described by a classmate: "He was much more refined and distinguished than any of our fellow pupils [...] we are bound to one another[...] by shared tastes and sympathies, Sony VPCCW2S5C CN1 Battery

the precocious love of fine works of literature".[4] Baudelaire was erratic in his studies, at times diligent, at other times prone to "idleness". Later, he attended the Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris, studying law, a popular course for those not yet decided on any particular career. Sony VPCCW2Z1E/B Battery

Baudelaire began to frequent prostitutes and may have contracted gonorrhea and syphilisduring this period. Baudelaire began to run up debts, mostly for clothes. Upon gaining hisdegree in 1839, he told his brother "I don't feel I have a vocation for anything." Sony VPCF115FG/B Battery

His stepfather had in mind a career in law or diplomacy, but instead Baudelaire decided to embark upon a literary career. His mother later recalled: "Oh, what grief! If Charles had let himself be guided by his stepfather, his career would have been very different... He would not have left a name in literature, it is true, but we should have been happier, all three of us".[5] Sony VPCF116FGBI Battery


His stepfather sent him on a voyage to Calcutta, India in 1841 in the hope of ending his dissolute habits. The trip provided strong impressions of the sea, sailing, and exotic ports, that he later employed in his poetry.[6] (Baudelaire later exaggerated his aborted trip to create a legend about his youthful travels and experiences, including "riding on elephants".) Sony VPCF117FJ Battery

Baudelaire returned to the taverns where he began to compose some of the poems of Les Fleurs du Mal. At twenty-one, he received a good-sized inheritance but squandered much of it within a few years. His family obtained a decree to place his property in trust[7] which he resented bitterly, at one point arguing that allowing him to fail alone financially would have been the one sure way of teaching him the value of maintaining well-ordered finances. Sony VPCF117HG/BI Battery


Baudelaire became known in artistic circles as a dandy and free-spender. During this timeJeanne Duval became his mistress. His mother thought Duval a "Black Venus" who "tortured him in every way" and drained him of money at every opportunity.[8] She was rejected by his family. He made a suicide attempt during this time. Sony VPCF118FJ Battery


Baudelaire took part in the Revolutions of 1848 and wrote for a revolutionary newspaper. However, his interest was passing, as he was later to note in his political writings in his journals. Sony VPCF119FC Battery


In the early 1850s, Baudelaire struggled with poor health, pressing debts, and irregular literary output. He often moved from one lodging to another to escape creditors. He received many projects that he was unable to complete, though he did finish translations of stories by Edgar Allan Poe. Sony VPCF119FJ Battery


Upon the death of his stepfather in 1857, Baudelaire received no mention in the will but he was heartened nonetheless that the division with his mother might now be mended. At thirty-six he wrote her: "believe that I belong to you absolutely, and that I belong only to you".[9] Sony VPCF11AFJ Battery



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