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Federation Square is a major meeting place in Melbourne. It is close to Flinders Street Station, the MCG and various other sporting and cultural venues. The square includes several buildings, housing the NGV Australia and the Australian Centre for the Moving Image, as well as exhibition spaces, auditoriums, restaurants, bars and shops. IBM Thinkpad T43 CPU Fan

Large crowds frequently watch concerts, cultural and various sporting events on the square's large electronic screen located in one of two public areas. Adjacent to the Square is Birrarung Marr, a park on the banks of the Yarra. The main Tourist Information Centre is located in the Square. It is possible to obtain a large range of tourist brochures here including guided walking tours of Melbourne. IBM ThinkPad T43 2668 CPU Fan

The Melbourne Cricket Ground, known as "the MCG" or simply the "G" has the largest capacity of any Australian sporting stadium. The MCG was the centerpiece stadium of the 1956 Summer Olympic Games and was renovated in preparation for the 2006 Commonwealth Games, increasing the stadium's capacity to 103,000. From April to September, the stadium typically hosts one or two Australian rules football matches each week. IBM ThinkPad T43 1871 CPU Fan

It has also hosted two Bledisloe Cup rugby matches. During the summer, major cricket matches including the Boxing Day test match and several one-day international games are played there.

Eureka Skydeck, is the highest viewing platform in the southern hemisphere and is located in Eureka Tower. Eureka Tower is the tallest residential building in the world. The observation deck includes a glass cube ride that projects three meters from the side of the building. ACER Travelmate 8104WLMI CPU Fan

The Melbourne Observation Deck, located some 237 meters above the city streets on the 55th floor of the Rialto Towers, offers spectacular views of the central business district and beyond. The Rialto Towers is the second tallest building in Melbourne after Eureka Tower.

Melbourne Park is the home of the Australian Open tennis tournament. Held every January, it is one of the four Grand Slamtournaments. DELL Latitude E4300 CPU Fan

The Melbourne Exhibition and Convention Centre is located in Southbank and was built in the 1990s as a replacement for the Royal Exhibition Building. It has hosted conventions and exhibitions since its opening.

The Melbourne Museum is located on the north-eastern fringe of the CBD, next to the Royal Exhibition Building. To many Melburnians, the most significant exhibit is the preserved body of Phar Lap, a famous racehorse of the Depression era. ASUS F80S CPU Fan

The Forest Gallery is a living internal facsimile replicating the forests of the nearby Dandenong Ranges. CSIRAC, the fifth electronic computer built and the only one of its generation to survive intact is also on display. The museum complex is also home to Melbourne's IMAX cinema.

The Royal Exhibition Building located in the Carlton Gardens was built in the 1880s for the World's Fair and is only one of a few such buildings that still exist. HP Pavilion dv5-1058eo CPU Fan

The building and gardens were granted World Heritage listing on 2 July 2004. It is the first building in Australia to be granted this status. The building also held the first sitting of the Australian Parliament on 9 May 1901. Subsequent federal parliamentary sittings were then moved to the Victorian Parliament buildinglocated in Spring Street and the Victorian government moved to the Exhibition Building. IBM 13N5182 CPU Fan

The State Library of Victoria is on Swanston Street, with its large Domed Reading Room and statue-filled front lawn.

The National Gallery of Victoria possesses the largest art collection in Australia. The gallery operates from two sites: one housing the Australian collection at the Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia at Federation Square (notably featuring key works from the Heidelberg School); and the NGV International collection housed in the main St Kilda Road building. IBM Thinkpad T30 2366-AA3 CPU Fan

The Victorian Arts Centre at Southgate is a Melbourne landmark with its enormous skyward spire. It hosts Opera Australia's Melbourne season, the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra, the Melbourne Theatre Company, the Australian Ballet Company, Chunky Move (one of Australia's best-known contemporary dance companies), and other touring productions. IBM Thinkpad T30 CPU Fan

The centre consists of two separate buildings: the State Theatre; and Hamer Hall (this was recently renamed in honour of the late former premierSir Rupert Hamer. The acoustics of the Centre are often favourably compared with those of its interstate rival, the opera theatre in the Sydney Opera House.

Crown Casino on the Yarra River is the largest gambling centre in the southern hemisphere. HP 535438-001 CPU Fan

The Crown Entertainment Complex also encompasses one of Melbourne’s best hotels the Crown Towers, restaurants, boutiques and cinemas. Crown also has the Palladium Ballroom which hosts some of Melbourne's biggest events, such as the Logies and the Brownlow Medal AFL award.

The Melbourne Aquarium contains a variety of exhibits showcasing marine wildlife found in the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic. DELL Inspiron N3010 CPU Fan

The Shrine of Remembrance on St Kilda Road is one of Australia's largest war memorials. It is the site of annual observances of ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day.

Docklands is Melbourne's newest precinct and largest infrastructure development to date, and is also becoming a major tourist attraction. HP Pavilion dv6-3070tx CPU Fan

The Docklands area opens up the waterfront to the CBD, and is projected to attract millions of visitors every year. Telstra Dome, the Melbourne Star Ferris wheel, GlowGolf, public art displays and several dining precincts can be found in Docklands.

Luna Park Melbourne is an amusement park located on the foreshore of Port Phillip Bay in St Kilda, an inner suburb of Melbourne. It has been operating since 1912. IBM 41W5269 CPU Fan

Melbourne is also noted for the number, variety and quality of its restaurants. Major restaurant strips are found throughout the city and the suburbs, including:

Chinatown, on Little Bourke Street and now spreading out onto Russell Street in the CBD, offers numerous restaurants, mainly but not exclusively offering Cantonese cuisine, ASUS A8H CPU Fan

at the lower end offering Hong Kong-style noodle restaurants up to the Flower Drum, renowned for its Peking Duck and is generally regarded as one of Melbourne's best restaurants.

Lygon Street, in the inner-northern suburb of Carlton, offers a selection of mainly Italian-influenced food.

Brunswick Street in inner-suburban Fitzroy used to be a bohemian community of students, SONY UDQFRZH13CF0 CPU Fan

artists, and poets, and it still retains some remnants its bohemian past with the presence of several live music venues, all manner of eclectic stores, accompanied by restaurants and cafes, many of which serve varied and contemporary menus.

Chapel Street, south of the city is a popular destination for fashionable clothes shopping, eating and entertainment. The long street contains commercial areas providing goods and services for local residents. HP COMPAQ 2510P CPU Fan

Chapel Street intersects with Toorak Road, itself offering entertainment, food and shops.

Glenferrie Road, east of the city in inner suburban Malvern has a wide mix of different cuisines including Indian, Malaysian, Thai and Japanese. The street intersects with High Street in Armadale which also has a mix of antique shops, cafes and restaurants.APPLE 661-4951 CPU Fan

Glen Huntly Road, south east of the city in inner suburban Elsternwick is a busy strip that offers a wide range of different restaurant cuisines including Chinese, Malaysian Indian, Thai, and some Middle Eastern cuisines.

Nelson Place faces the water in Williamstown, and is especially popular for lazy weekend breakfasts and lunches. There are restaurants and cafes featuring the usual range of cuisines, and footpath tables outside many of the establishments. HP Pavilion dv6-3034ca CPU Fan

Melbourne contains all manner of pubs, bars, and nightclubs. The CBD contains a wide variety of venues, from the ubiquitous faux-Irish pubs and more traditional Australian hotels, through some very upmarket wine bars, serious jazz venues on Bennetts Lane, fashionable nightclubs and dance venues (where the Melbourne Shuffle was born), are often hidden away down dark alleyways. HP G56-126NR CPU Fan

The restaurant strips, particularly Brunswick Street have their own bars, some of which are the best rock venues in Melbourne. King Street, on the southern side of the CBD, was traditionally a nightclub strip and still hosts several, but many are now exotic dancing venues. Chapel Street, Prahran, is perhaps the trendiest, most upmarket nightlife strip. Compaq Presario C556CA CPU Fan

BaysideSt Kilda is the home of several huge music venues including the famous Esplanade Hotel (known as 'the Espy'), the Prince of Wales, and The Palace.

The recent influx of city-dwellers has given rise to the numerous underground bars and sidewalk cafes in the alleys betweenFlinders Street - Flinders Lane and Bourke Street - Lonsdale Street. SONY Vaio VGN-NR360E CPU Fan

Notable alleys include Block Arcade/Block Place,Degraves Street, and Hardware Lane.

The Culture of Melbourne (the capital city of Victoria, Australia) reflects its diverse, multi-layered culture and society, and the city has gained a reputation as the "cultural and sporting capital" of Australia.

Melbourne's culture draws on a variety of international cultures, including that of Australia; HP Pavilion dv5170us CPU Fan

however, a number of local traditions and strong Melburnian themes are predominant features in the city's cultural landscape. An emphasis upon the arts (particularly the performing arts, culinary arts and visual arts), as well as sport, sporting traditions and recreation is central to this landscape. Melbourne is also a major centre of political activism, including the Australian trade union movement. SONY Vaio VPC-EE3WFX/WI CPU Fan

Melbourne has thrice shared top position in a survey by The Economist of the World's Most Livable Cities on the basis of—its cultural attributes; climate; cost of living; and social conditions such as crime rates and health care, in 2002,[1] 2004 and 2005.Melbourne hosts and supports many cultural institutions, such as museums, galleries, events, festivals, public/street art, popular music, live music, film,independent music, independent film and fashion. HP G56-126NR CPU Fan

The city celebrates a wide variety of major annual cultural events, including local, national and international events. A number of cultural hubs also exist in the city, including the Victorian Arts Precinct, with its distinctive spire, and Federation Square, one of the city's main cultural hubs and tourist centres that celebrated its ten-year anniversary in 2012. HP 3MLX8TATP20 CPU Fan

Federation Square's distinctive architecture, large digital screen and public space attracts congregations, rallies and public audiences for sporting events.

Several national traditions originated in Melbourne: The Melbourne Cup has been a Melbourne tradition since 1861 and then became a national tradition, subsequently referred to as "the race that stops the nation"; SONY Vaio VGN-NW240F/S CPU Fan

Carols by Candlelight, first held in 1938, is a Christmas Eve tradition; the Myer Christmas windows are a very popular annual attraction; and the AFL Grand Final attracts thousands of spectators, both live and via broadcast media, every year.

There are a number of cultural festivals that celebrate foreign cultures from within the context of the city's culture. SONY Vaio VPC-EB1Z0E/B CPU Fan

Melbourne is regarded as the home of the trade union movement in Australia,[with the headquarters of the Australian Council of Trade Unions located in the city;[9]Melbourne is also the birthplace of the Australian "eight-hour day", when the change was introduced into the building industry.[10] Melbourne also has a particularly significant history of strike action. Compaq Presario CQ60-514NR CPU Fan

Melbourne's buildings and structures feature a wide variety of architectural designs, and the city is home to the Royal Exhibition Building, the first Australian building to be listed on the World Heritage Register.[11]

Australia's second oldest architectural firm, and one of the world's oldest, Bates Smart, is based in Melbourne.[12]

Some of Australia's most prolific architects have originated from Melbourne, including Joseph Reed, Toshiba Satellite X205-S9800 CPU Fan

William Wardell, John James Clark, Charles D'Ebro, Charles Webb, William Pitt, Nahum Barnet, Harry Norris, Sir Roy Grounds and Robin Boyd. In recent years, Melbourne has produced internationally-recognised architectural firms, including Denton Corker Marshall, Fender Katsalidis, Daryl Jackson and Peddle Thorp, as well as local award winning trendsetters, Edmund & Corrigan, Ashton Raggatt McDougall and Wood Marsh. ASUS G2P CPU Fan

The Australian Ballet Company is based in Melbourne and the National Theatre in St Kilda is the oldest ballet school in Australia. Ballet is a regular feature at the Victorian Arts Centre and National Theatre venues. Melbourne is the second home of Opera Australia after it merged with Victoria State Opera in 1996. The Victorian Opera held its inaugural season in 2006 and operates in various Melbourne venues.[14] Compaq Presario CQ60-430SA CPU Fan

The Royal Melbourne Philharmonic was formed in 1853, making it Australia's oldest musical organisation and the only orchestra in Australia to be bestowed "royal" status. The Victoria Orchestra, based in Melbourne, was Australia's first professional orchestra and performed during the period from 1888 to 1891. The Melbourne Symphony Orchestra, first assembled in 1906, is now the city's premier orchestra and tours internationally. DELL BFB0505HA CPU Fan

There are more theatres and performance venues in Melbourne than any other city in Australia.[ The most notable include the Melbourne Recital Centre, David Marriner's Princess Theatre, Regent Theatre, Forum Theatre, and the Comedy Theatre; the Athenaeum, Her Majesty's Theatre, State Theatre, Capitol Theatre, Palais Theatre and the Australian Centre for Contemporary Art. HP Pavilion dv5-1272et CPU Fan

Several professional theatre companies operate in Melbourne, of which the Melbourne Theatre Company, the oldest professional theatre company in Australia, has the most institutional support of any in Australia. There is also a range of smaller professional theatre companies in Melbourne, including the Malthouse, La Mama in Carlton, Cariad Productions, the Red Stitch Actors Theatre and Theatreworks in St Kilda. Toshiba AB7005HX-SB3 CPU Fan

An array of amateur companies also exist, such as OXAGEN Productions, the Malvern Theatre Company, CLOC, Catchment Players of Darebin, Altona City Theatre, Windmill Theatre Companyand Dandenong Theatre Company.

Melbourne hosts a large number of buskers (also known as 'street performers'), from both Australia and other countries, that perform in the central business district (CBD) and surrounding areas. Toshiba Satellite A500-18T CPU Fan

Melbourne's musical buskers cater to a wide variety of tastes, from rock to world music, to indigenous Australiantraditions. However, not all buskers are musicians, as living statues, street artists and jugglers also perform on a regular basis.

Melbourne is known throughout both Australia and the world as a centre of comedy, HP Pavilion dv5-2135dx CPU Fan

with the Melbourne International Comedy Festival listed as one of the three largest stand-up comedy festivals in the world.[15] The city has also produced many of Australia's top-rating comedy television and radio shows,[16] and many of the country's leading comedians either come from the city or have relocated to Melbourne.[17][18][19]

Melbourne-born satirist Barry Humphries created his main character, "Dame Edna Everage", ASUS EEE PC 1201NL CPU Fan

as a comic version of a suburban homemaker. Through Everage, Humphries has written and performed cutting odes to Melbourne mores and the middle class suburbs of Moonee Ponds and Highett, among others. The character was retired in mid-20112 during the Eat Pray Laugh farewell tour.

Melbourne also hosted the 2008 World Latin American Dance Championships.[21] SONY Vaio VGN-NW240D/T CPU Fan

The competition was held in the Vodafone Arena and immediately following the Australian Dancesport Championships. The Australian Dancesport championships will commence on 10 December 2008 and the World Latin Championships will be held on 14 December 2008.

In the 1880s, a group of Melbourne artists formed the first distinctive Australian school of painting.[22] Compaq Presario CQ60-418DX CPU Fan

Named theHeidelberg School, and latterly described as Australian Impressionism, the movement's four prinicple artists were Tom Roberts, Arthur Streeton, Charles Conder and Frederick McCubbin. Together they painted en plein air at artists' camps set up around Melbourne's rural suburbs, including Box Hill and Heidelberg, allowing them to capture the unique light, colour and atmosphere of the Australian bush. SONY Vaio VGN-NW240D CPU Fan

Many of the group's most famous works from this period are large-scale sunlit landscapes and pastoral figure subjects, however they also explored Melbourne's urban scenery, local history (including pioneer andbushranger themes), beaches (often along Port Phillip Bay at Mentone, Sandringham and Beaumaris), and did portraits of wealthy Melburnians from their inner-city studios. SONY VGN-BX197XP CPU Fan

In 1889 they staged the 9 by 5 Impression Exhibition opposite theMelbourne Town Hall. It is regarded as a landmark event in Australian art history.[23]Modernist John Brack captured the idiosyncrasies of daily life in Melbourne. His most iconic painting, Collins Street., 5 pm(1955), shows grim-faced pedestrians moving in unison down Collins Street. It was voted by patrons in 2011 as the National Gallery of Victoria's most popular work. Toshiba Satellite L645D-S4056 CPU Fan

There are more than 100 galleries in Melbourne.[25] In the city, NGV International, the Ian Potter Centre and Ian Potter Museum of Art, the Australian Centre for Contemporary Art, Flinders Lane Gallery, Anna Schwartz Gallery, McCulloch Gallery, and the Australian Centre for the Moving Image — an organisation dedicated to the moving image in all its forms, from film and animation, to video games and television — have been established.[26] Toshiba AB7805HX-GB3 CPU Fan

The Gertrude Contemporary Art Spaces and theCentre for Contemporary Photography, both based in Fitzroy, are examples of galleries in the inner-city. Suburban venues also exist, such as Heidelberg's Heide Museum of Modern Art, located in the north-eastern region of the city. The Art Almanacwebsite, promoting itself as "Australia's Monthly Briefing on Art",Toshiba Satellite L500-208 CPU Fan

publishes a monthly list of activities for Melbourne's galleries and art services, in addition to the other Australian states, covering more than 550 art galleries throughout the entire nation; the organisation also publishes a hard copy almanac each month.[27][28]

Melbourne is home to a large array of public artworks, statues and sculptures. SHP 535441-001 CPU Fan

culptors such as Deborah Halpern have played a large part in enhancing many of the city's public spaces with their iconic and larger-than-life works. In more modern times, the city has become well known for stencil graffiti,[29] public artthat appears in the city's numerous laneways.[30]

The city has major film festivals including the Melbourne International Film Festival, Toshiba Satellite P100-444 CPU Fan

Melbourne Queer Film Festival, Melbourne Underground Film Festival andMelbourne International Animation Festival, featuring several of the city's major cinemas. The Central City Studios in Melbourne Docklands, constructed in 2005, has seen the production of several big budget films.[

Melbourne is also known for fashion. The city, once a leader in the textile industry,[ retains a small manufacturing base, but has diversified into the more creative areas of the fashion industry.[31] HP Pavilion dv7-3114eo CPU Fan

The Melbourne Fashion Festival is one of the city's annual events, while the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival, the Logies and the Brownlow Medal dinner are three of the biggest annual red carpet events in the country.[

Street Art in Melbourne is internationally recognised,[32] and the city hosted the world's first street art festival. International artists, such as Banksy, have painted work in Melbourne. HP Mini 110-1125SA CPU Fan

There is a greater number of bookshops per capita in Melbourne than any other Australian city.[34] In August 2008, Melbourne was designated as a City of Literature in UNESCO's Creative Cities Network program, recognising the role literature plays in the cultural life of Melbourne through its festivals, libraries, bookshops, publishing and other literary events and activities.[35] HP KSB06105HA CPU Fan

The Melbourne Writers Festival plays a significant role in establishing Melbourne's credence as a city which promotes and respects literature.The Wheeler Centre a literary and publishing centre housed in the southern wing of the State Library of Victoria opened in February 2010.[36]

Fergus Hume's The Mystery of a Hansom Cab (1886), set in boom time Melbourne, remains a classic of crime fiction. Compaq Presario CQ60-210eo CPU Fan

Hume gathered material for the novel during sojourns in Melbourne's slums and Little Bourke Street.[37]

Despite Melbourne's strong literary tradition, there are no Melbourne suburbs named after writers. There was a campaign in 2009 to name a new suburb after John Shaw Neilson.

Melbourne has one of the most highly regarded live music scenes in the world. HP Pavilion dv7-2250sf CPU Fan

In terms of the quality and number of venues, arguably, it is comparable with cities such as Austin. Hundreds of venues throughout Melbourne host live music, some of which host live music every night of the week.

Operatic soprano Dame Nellie Melba, one of the late Victorian Era's most famous singers, took her name from her native Melbourne. HP 434678-001 CPU Fan

In 1934 Clement Williams recorded Let’s Take a Trip to Melbourne, written by Jack O'Hagan.[39] Singer Paul Kelly has written several well-known songs about aspects of the city close to the heart of many Melburnians, notably "Leaps And Bounds" and "From St Kilda to King's Cross", while Skyhooks also wrote some more tongue-in-cheek songs about Melbourne. HP G60-230us CPU Fan

"Balwyn Calling", "Carlton (Lygon Street Limbo)" and "Toorak Cowboy" are examples. Melbourne-originated indie-rock band The Living End wrote the song "West End Riot" about differences between eastern and western suburbs in Melbourne's inner city.

Melbourne's independent music scene flourished in the late 1970s with strong support from local venues, street press, community radio (such as PBS, 3RRR, 3CR) and an abundance of independent record labels. HP Pavilion dv6365us CPU Fan

The city's inner suburbs were home to several distinctpost-punk scenes that each shared a DIY ethic and passion for experimentation.[40] Led by the Primitive Calculators and Ollie Olsen's Whirlywirld, the Fitzroy-based Little Band scene gave rise to Hunters & Collectors, and Lisa Gerrard of Dead Can Dance. InClifton Hill, an underground arts space known as "The Organ Factory" facilitated collaborations between conceptual composers, HP 535439-001 CPU Fan

such as David Chesworth and Philip Brophy, and experimental punk outfits, namely Tsk Tsk Tsk, Essendon Airport, and the funk-tinged I'm Talking, which launched the career of singer Kate Ceberano. St. Kilda's Crystal Ballroom became the stomping ground for Melbourne's darker "proto-gothic" groups including The Moodists (fronted by Dave Graney), COMPAQ 6910c CPU Fan

Crime and the City Solution, and Nick Cave's The Birthday Party, one of the 1980s' most influential bands.[41] In 1983, Cave and Melbourne-born industrial pioneer Clint Ruin (akaFoetus) formed the "No Wave supergroup" The Immaculate Consumptive. That same year, Cave and Birthday Party bandmate Mick Harveyfounded one of Australia's most popular and enduring rock bands, IBM Lenovo IdeaPad G510 CPU Fan

Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, whose evolving multinational lineup has included Melbourne musicians Hugo Race, Anita Lane, and Dirty Three violinist Warren Ellis.

Many independent artists from Melbourne have become internationally notable and regularly tour abroad, including: The Temper Trap,Cut Copy, Architecture in Helsinki, The Drones, Grinderman, Augie March, New Buffalo, HP G62-110SO CPU Fan

The Cat Empire, Dirty Three, Muscles, The Lucksmiths, Ned Collette, The Crayon Fields, Love of Diagrams, Midnight Juggernauts, Gotye and The Avalanches amongst others.

Melbourne's lively rock and pop music scene has fostered many internationally renowned artists and musicians. The 1960s gave rise to many performers including Olivia Newton-John, John Farnham, DELL Precision M6400 CPU Fan

Graeme Bell, and folk group The Seekers. The 1970s and 1980s saw many acts getting their first big breaks on Melbourne's Countdown, including the Little River Band and Crowded House who later wrote a song about the city of Melbourne called Four Seasons In One Day. Successful Melbourne artists include Flea (of the Red Hot Chili Peppers), Weddings Parties Anything, SONY Vaio VPC-EB290X CPU Fan

TISM, Snog, Jet and Something for Kate. Melbourne is also the home of rock "guru" journalist Ian "Molly" Meldrum.

More recent notable Melbourne acts include Rogue Traders, Taxiride, Missy Higgins, Madison Avenue, Anthony Callea and The Living End. Melbourne-based television shows Young Talent Timeand Neighbours gave many singers a launching pad to international success. HP Envy 17-1090eo CPU Fan

Local talents to come from these shows include Kylie Minogue, Dannii Minogue, Tina Arena, Jamie Redfern and Jason Donovan. Another Music TV show that began in Melbourne was Turn It Up!It was first shown on Melbourne's Channel 31 and then relayed via satellite and rebroadcast terrestrially to major TV networks in over 22 countries. Toshiba Satellite A210-1CF CPU Fan

The show had the second largest viewing audience around the world, beaten only by the audience of American Bandstand. In one episode, the show presented Melbournes annual festival Moomba to a world audience.

Melbourne has two major daily newspapers, Rupert Murdoch's Herald Sun and the Fairfax owned The Age, as well as the free afternoon tabloid mX which is published by Murdoch. A national Australian newspaper has a Victorian issue and is also published by Murdoch. Dell Vostro 3450 CPU Fan

Several weekly magazines are published by Murdochs' News Corp. As News Corp holds over 50 million shares in Fairfax,[42] there is no daily newspaper in Melbourne free of Rupert Murdoch's media empire. There are three commercial television networks: Seven, Nine and Ten; and three public: the ABC, SBS and a community television channel, C31. Toshiba Satellite A10-103 CPU Fan

Leader Newspapers is Australia's largest publisher of community newspapers, distributing 33 local papers across Melbourne suburbs.[ More community newspapers are published by Fairfax Community Newspapers, and the Star News Group.

Melbourne's commercial radio industry is dominated by the DMG Radio Australia, Compaq Presario A900 CTO CPU Fan

Austereo and Southern Cross Broadcastingnetworks – all Melbourne-based. DMG Radio Australia stations include Nova 100 and Classic Rock, Austereo stations includeFOX FM and Triple M. 3AW is consistently the city's highest-rating commercial radio station.[ Melbourne also boasts a number of community radio stations, of which the best known are 3RRR, 3PBS, 3CR, SYN, and JOY, the first Australian full-time gay and lesbian radio station. ACER Aspire 4736ZG CPU Fan

Public broadcasters include the multilingual SBS, and the ABC's Radio National,NewsRadio, and 774 ABC Melbourne.

In a country that is often labelled 'sports mad', Melbourne has a reputation among Australians for being the national sporting capital.[43] In 2010, the city was named "World's Ultimate Sports City" for the third time in a row by SportAccordand SportBusiness.[44] Toshiba Satellite A10-103 CPU Fan

Criteria for the award include "the number of annual sports events held, major events held or hosting rights secured between 2006 and 2014, numbers of federations hosted, facilities/venues, transport, accommodation, government support, security, legacy, public sports interest and quality of life."[45] A similar study conducted in 2006 by the London-based research and consulting firm ArkSports found Melbourne to be the world's top city for sports events.[46] SONY MCF-519PAM05 CPU Fan

The city hosts many major sporting events including the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival (featuring "the race that stops the nation", the Melbourne Cup); the Australian Formula One Grand Prix; the Australian round of the MotoGP; the Australian Opentennis tournament, the first of the four annual Grand Slam events; the AFL Grand Final and the Boxing Day Test Match. SONY Vaio VPC-EB290X CPU Fan

In1956, Melbourne became the first city in the Southern Hemisphere to host the Olympic Games, and played host to the 2006 Commonwealth Games.

Melbourne is where Australian rules football originated in the 1850s—the world's first codified game of football[47] and the most popular sport in Australia by attendance and viewership.[48] HP Pavilion dv7-2043cl CPU Fan

The city is home to nine of the eighteen teams that constitute the Australian Football League (AFL), whose five Melbourne games per week attract an average of 40,000 people per game.[49] The AFL Grand Final, one of the biggest sporting events in Australia, is played on the last Saturday of September at the sport's "spiritual home", the 100,000 capacity Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG).[50] HP Pavilion dv7-2130ev CPU Fan

Another significant Melbourne-based event on the AFL calendar is the Anzac Day clash between rival clubs Collingwood and Essendon. The city is also home to nine out of thirteen teams competing in the semi-professional Victorian Football League. Since 1999, the city has been the biennial host of the International Rules series involving the Australian national team and the Irish national team. HP 608772-001 CPU Fan

TheAustralian Football International Cup is staged every three years in Melbourne.

During the summer months cricket takes preference amongst Melburnians. In 1877, the world's first Test cricket match was contested by Australia and England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, and The Ashes urn—symbol of the cricket rivalry between Australia and England—originated in Melbourne.[51] Toshiba Satellite A100-194 CPU Fan

The annual Boxing Day Test, also held at the MCG, is a prominent feature of the Melbourne summer, attracting the largest attendance of any Test match in the world. The Melbourne-based Victorian Bushrangers represent the state of Victoria in the Sheffield Shield and One-Day Cup. The Melbourne Stars and Melbourne Renegades compete in the Twenty20 Big Bash League.HP Pavilion tx1205/ CT CPU Fan

Melbourne has two A-League (association football) teams: Melbourne Victory and Melbourne Heart. In rugby there is Melbourne Storm (NRL), and Melbourne Rebels(Super Rugby). The Melbourne Tigers compete in the NBL (basketball). For netball, two Melbourne teams compete for the Commonwealth Bank Trophy: Melbourne Phoenix and Melbourne Kestrels. HP Pavilion dv6640ep CPU Fan

Bledisloe Cup Test matches between the Australian and New Zealand national rugby union teams were staged at the MCG in 1997 and 2007. Melbourne also hosted 7 of 48 matches during the 2003 Rugby World Cup. One-off rugby league matches have been held at Etihad Stadium including the Rugby League State of Origin (most recently in 2012), and a 2006 Tri-Nations Test. COMPAQ Presario CQ42-401TU CPU Fan

Melbourne is home to 29 stadiums with a capacity of over 10,000 people. Some venues, such as the Albert Park Formula One track and the Calder Raceway, have large capacities but only temporary structures, while there are numerous suburban horse racing tracks and Australian rules football playing fields. In 2000 construction was completed on the Docklands Stadium, capable of seating up to 56,000 people. Toshiba Satellite A300D CPU Fan

The stadium was the first in the world to host cricket and Australian football matches under a roof.

The city also has large State Cycling, Hockey, Baseball/Softball and Netball centres, and an Ice centre (National Ice Sports Centre, hosting the Australian Olympic Winter Institute) is being constructed in Melbourne Docklands.[52] HP Pavilion dv8397ea CPU  Fan

Melbourne hosted the 2002 World Masters Games; broke new ground as the first city outside the United States to host the World Police and Fire Games in 1995, and the Presidents Cup golf tournament in 1999; and was the first city in the Southern Hemisphere to host the World Polo Championship in 2001. The city has hostedFIFA World Cup qualifiers in both 1997 and 2001.HP Pavilion dv9821ea CPU Fan

The Rod Laver Arena was converted into a pool for the 2007 World Aquatics Championships.

Melbourne's skateboarding culture has a lengthy history, with brands such as Globe originating in the city. In 1988, the Australian 60 Minutes program produced a segment that focused solely on Victorian skateboarding. The segment featured Melbourne skateboarding and conducted interviews with notable figures such as the Hill brothers (Stephen, HP COMPAQ TC4200 CPU Fan

Matt and Mike) and Borgy.[53] X-E-N is a Melbourne skateboard company that was established in 1999 and was co-founded by Andrew and Anthony Mapstone—two figures who, as of August 2012, remain influential in Australian skateboarding.Melburnians participate in a wide range of recreational and leisure activities.Australian rules football, Association Football, cricket and netball are the most popular participation team sports in Melbourne[.SONY Vaio VGN-NW228F CPU Fan

Cycling in Melbourne is a popular pastime, as one can tell from the bevy of cyclists and paths that lie all throughout the city, as well as a spectator sport. Melbourne's flat terrain and extensive off-road paths in green wedges are conducive to riding. Beach Road combines with the Nepean Highway to form a 90-kilometre stretch from Port Melbourne toSorrento, incorporating the Bayside Trail. HP G62-b16ST CPU Fan

It is the city's most popular training route and attracts cyclists from around the world. Thousands of commuters cycle the roads, bike lanes and bike paths daily. Bicycle Victoria's annual events, Around the Bay in a Day and Ride to Work Day, attract tens of thousands of Melburnians. Other events such as the Herald Sun Tour begin and end in the Melbourne area and there are many local cycling events of varying grades all year round. HP 580696-001 CPU Fan

Triathlon dominates the Beach Road area during summer, when hundreds of amateurs and professionals dive into Port Phillip Bay on Sundays.

Watersports are a big recreational activity in Melbourne. Rowing on the Yarra River is also popular with universities and schools, and there are many boat-sheds along the river. the Yarra is home to the Head of the River, first raced in 1868 and Australia's oldest. HP Pavilion dv6-3049tx CPU Fan

The Oarsome Foursome are also from Melbourne. On Port Phillip Bay, boating is popular[, as is jetskiing, kitesurfing and windsurfing on St Kilda Beach.

Melbourne is noted for its parks and gardens, with a ring of parks providing a green lung for the city centre. Perhaps the most notable is the Royal Botanic Gardens. HP G42-380LA CPU Fan

Other notable gardens have been established on outskirts of Melbourne. In particular the Dandenong Ranges has the National Rhododendron Gardens, and several other public gardens. Residential gardening is a popular pastime in Melbourne, and Australia's Open Garden Scheme started in the city.In Melbourne there are approximately 5000 cafes and restaurants - per capita Melbourne has the most cafes/restaurants in the world.[cToshiba Qosmio G30-167 CPU Fan

Shopping or "retail therapy" has been a big part of Melbourne's way of life since the late 19th century, when "doing the Block" was a sign of prestige.[ Today, the city is home to some of Australia's best shopping strips, such as the famous Chapel Street which stretches many blocks through South Yarra and Prahran, while heritage arcades such as the Block and the Royal Arcade and the CBD's myriad lanes. HP Pavilion dv7-1157cl CPU Fan

Chadstone Shopping Centre, currently claimed to be the largest shopping centre in the southern hemisphere, markets itself as the "Fashion Capital". Strip shopping localities includeToorak Village, known for its exclusiveness, and Bridge Road in Richmond, known for its extensive factory outlets. Also there are major shopping centres throughout metropolitan Melbourne such as Westfield Airport West, Westfield Southland, Westfield Doncaster, andWestfield Knox. Compaq Presario CQ40-408AX CPU Fan

Melbourne is also home to the Queen Victoria Market. This market contains both indoor and outdoor sections.

Also, Melbourne has more clubs/pubs per capita than anywhere else in the world[.Restaurants are numerous and present a diverse range of cuisines. The city has a reputation as a culinary capital,[54]celebrated by the annual Melbourne Food and Wine Festival. HP Mini 110-1110ET CPU Fan

As well as the famous "Little Italy" of Lygon Street in Carlton, other favourite inner city dining locations for Melburnians include Fitzroy Street St Kilda, Brunswick Street Fitzroy, Victoria St Collingwood, the CBD, and the Docklands and Southbank precincts. In 2006, Jamie Oliver selected Melbourne as the location for "Fifteen Melbourne", the Australian restaurant for his reality television show Jamie's Kitchen Australia. HP Pavilion dv7-1157cl CPU Fan

Dance music is a thriving part of the Melbourne scene. The largest nightclubs are the Melbourne Metro Nightclub (2,500 capacity) and QBH (2,100 capacity). Melbourne is the birthplace of the Melbourne Shuffle, a style of dance that has been exported to South East Asia and continues to evolve to date.

Melbourne has been the setting for many novels, television dramas, and films. HP Pavilion dv6-3163eo CPU Fan

Fergus Hume's international best-seller Mystery of a Hansom Cab was set in Gold Rush era Melbourne. Frank Hardy's Power Without Glory tells the story of Melbourne businessman John West (based on the real-life John Wren) and is set in a thinly disguised Collingwood, then a working-class suburb of Melbourne. Perhaps the best-known novel internationally is Nevil Shute's novel On the BeachHP Pavilion dv9740us CPU Fan

In 1959, it was made into a film directed by Stanley Kramer and starring Gregory Peck, Ava Gardner and Anthony Perkins. The film depicted the denizens of Melbourne quietly slipping off into eternity as the last victims of a global nuclear holocaust. It was filmed on location in and around Melbourne. Similar filming was undertaken when a 2000 television movie remake was produced. HP COMPAQ NX9420 CPU Fan

The world's first feature film, The Story of the Kelly Gang, was filmed in Melbourne in 1906.[55] Some of the more famous Australian films include Mad Max andThe Castle. Melbourne has also produced many talented film and television actors including Cate Blanchett, Guy Pearce, Eric Bana and is home to Geoffrey Rush. HP Pavilion dv7-4150ec CPU Fan

Australian audiences saw Melbourne portrayed in the 1960s–70s Crawford Productions police television drama series Homicide and Division 4. Contemporary series include: soap opera NeighboursStingers (an undercover police drama), The Secret Life of UsKath and KimPrisoner (known as Prisoner: Cell Block H for US and UK broadcasts), Halifax f.p., and MDAHP Pavilion dv5-1102tu CPU Fan,HP Pavilion dv7-6011tx CPU Fan,HP Pavilion dv5-1040eb CPU Fan

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