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Georgetown University is a private research university in Washington, D.C. Founded in 1789, it is the oldest Jesuitand Catholic university in the United States. Georgetown's main campus, located in Washington's Georgetown neighborhood, is noted for Healy Hall, a National Historic Landmark in the Romanesque revival style. HP Pavilion dv7-1157cl CPU Fan 

Georgetown operates a law centeron Capitol Hill and auxiliary campuses in Italy, Turkey, and Qatar.

Georgetown's founding by John Carroll, America's first Catholic bishop, realized earlier efforts to establish a Roman Catholic college in the province of Maryland that had been thwarted by religious persecution. The university expanded after the American Civil War under the leadership of Patrick Francis Healy, HP Pavilion dv6-3163eo CPU Fan

who came to be known as Georgetown's "second founder" despite having been born a slave by law. Jesuits have participated in the university's administration since 1805, a heritage Georgetown celebrates, but the university has always been governed independently of the Society of Jesus and of church authorities. HP Pavilion dv9740us CPU Fan

The university has around 7,000 undergraduate and over 8,000 post-graduate students from a wide variety of religious, ethnic, and geographic backgrounds, including 130 foreign countries.[5][8] The university's most notable alumni are prominent in public life in the United States and abroad. Among them are former U.S. President Bill Clinton, HP COMPAQ NX9420 CPU Fan

U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Antonin Scalia, dozens of U.S. governors and members of Congress, heads of state or government ofmore than a dozen countries, royalty and diplomats.

Campus organizations include the country's largest student-run business. Georgetown's athletic teams, called the Hoyas, include a men's basketball team that has won a record-tying seven Big East championships, appeared in five Final Fours, and won a national championship in 1984. HP Pavilion dv7-4150ec CPU Fan

Jesuit settlers from England founded the Province of Maryland in 1634.[9] However, the 1646 defeat of the Royalists in the English Civil War led to stringent laws against Roman Catholic education and the extradition of known Jesuits from the colony, including Andrew White, and the destruction of their school at Calverton Manor.[1] HP Pavilion dv5-1102tu CPU Fan

During most of the remainder of Maryland's colonial period, Jesuits conducted Catholic schools clandestinely. It was not until after the end of the American Revolution that plans to establish a permanent Catholic institution for education in the United States were realized.

Because of Benjamin Franklin's recommendation, Pope Pius VI appointed former JesuitJohn Carroll as the first head of the Roman Catholic Church in America, SONY VGN-SZ220 CPU Fan

even though the papal suppression of the Jesuit order was still in effect. Carroll began meetings of local clergy in 1783 near Annapolis, Maryland, where they orchestrated the development of a new university.[11] On January 23, 1789, Carroll finalized the purchase of the property on which Dahlgren Quadrangle was later built.[12] Future Congressman William Gaston was enrolled as the school's first student on November 22, 1791, and instruction began on January 2, 1792.[11] HP Pavilion dv7-6011tx CPU Fan

During its early years, Georgetown College suffered from considerable financial strain, relying on private sources of funding and the limited profits from local lands owned by ex-Jesuits.[13] The Maryland Society of Jesus began its restoration in 1805, and Jesuit affiliation, in the form of teachers and administrators, bolstered confidence in the college.[14] HP Pavilion dv5-1040eb CPU Fan

The United States Congress issued Georgetown the first federal university charter in 1815, which allowed it to confer degrees, and the first Bachelor degrees were awarded two years later.[15] In 1844, the school received a corporate charter, under the name "The President and Directors of Georgetown College", affording the growing school additional legal rights. ASUS F3Jv CPU Fan

In response to the demand for a local option for Roman Catholic students, the Medical School was founded in 1851.

The history of Georgetown University spans over four hundred years, from the early settlement of America to the present day. Georgetown University has grown with both its city, Washington, D.C., and the United States, each of which date their founding to the period from 1788 to 1790. IBM ThinkPad R50p 2887 CPU Fan

Georgetown's origins are in the establishment of the Maryland colony in the seventeenth-century. Bishop John Carroll established the school at its present location by the Potomac River after theAmerican Revolution allowed for free religious practice.

The role of the Society of Jesus in the school's operation has evolved from that of founders and financiers to faculty and advisers.SONY VGN-CS36GJ/R CPU Fan

Their focus on liberal studies and religious pluralism have helped to give the school its identity. Georgetown was also affected by its times, including the American Civil War, which disrupted the growing school and significantly changed its student body. University presidents like Patrick Francis Healy modernized the institution into an active research university with several graduate and undergraduate schools, and oversaw the expansion of educational opportunities on campus, around the city, and abroad. Toshiba Satellite A215-S4807 CPU Fan

The history of Georgetown University traces back to two formative events, in 1634 and 1789. Until 1851, the school used 1788, the start of construction on the Old South building, as its founding date. In that year a copy-edit in the college catalog began mislabeling the construction as beginning in 1789. Toshiba Satellite Pro M10-SP405 CPU Fan

This was discovered in preparation for the centennial celebration in1889, at which point rather than correct the annual, the date of Georgetown's foundation was fixed to the date January 23, 1789.

On November 22, 1633 Jesuits Andrew White, John Altham Gravenor, and Thomas Gervase set sail on The Ark for British North America under the leadership and financing of the Lord Baltimore, Leonard Calvert.[4] HP Pavilion dv4-1120us CPU Fan

Their landing on March 25, 1634 on St. Clement's Island marks the birth of the Maryland colony, this anniversary now celebrated as Maryland Day. These Jesuits were joined in 1637 by Thomas Copley and Ferdinand Poulton, together establishing near St. Mary's City some means of Christianeducation for the native Yaocomico tribe.[5] Compaq Presario C550EM CPU Fan

Inquiring about patronage for their school, Poulton wrote to Vincenzo Carafa, the Superior General of the Society of Jesus in Rome under Pope Urban VIII, who on September 15, 1640 approved the institution of a school in principle.[6] That year they moved to a permanent building at Calverton Manor on in the Wicomico River. This early establishment was burnt in 1645 as part of the English Civil War, Toshiba Qosmio E15-AV101 CPU Fan

and the remaining Jesuits were brought to trial in England. The new Protestant administration had their school outlawed, though it was functioning by 1648, when Thomas Copley managed to return there.[5]

Newtown Manor, also known as "Bretton's Neck", near modern-day Leonardtown, Maryland, become available to the Jesuits in 1677. Toshiba Satellite L645D-S4056 CPU Fan

This house served as the Jesuit schoolhouse until 1704 when its existence was alerted to British authorities. The school afterward conducted itself periodically and in secrecy at the new Jesuit colony of Bohemia Manor. John Carroll attended this school from 1745 until 1748.[7] Carroll then left for studies in Europe. He joined the Jesuits in 1753, and was ordained in 1769, Toshiba Satellite A305-S6837 CPU Fan

but in 1774 Pope Clement XIV ordered the suppression of the Jesuit order, forcing Carroll to return to Maryland.[8] This put Carroll in the right place at the right time, when the American Revolution pushed out the English administration, opening up new possibilities for scholastic expansion.

After returning in 1774 to live on the Rock Creek in Maryland, Carroll established Saint John the Evangelist Church, in Silver Spring, HP Pavilion dv7-4087cl CPU Fan

Maryland. In 1776, his cousin, Charles Carroll, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, invited John to join him,Samuel Chase, and Benjamin Franklin in traveling to Quebec and attempt to persuade the French Canadian population to join the revolution. The mission was unsuccessful, but John Carroll's association with Benjamin Franklin proved useful. HP Pavilion dv5-1118es CPU Fan

In 1784, Franklin, asambassador to France, recommended Carroll to the papal nuncio in Paris as the head of the Catholic Church in America, and on June 9, 1784 Carroll was anointed Superior of Missions in the United States of North America. On November 6, 1789 Carroll's authority was confirmed after being elected by the clergy as the first Bishop of Baltimore.[9] Toshiba Satellite A665-S6050 CPU Fan

Beginning in 1783, Carroll convened meetings of area clergy, mostly ex-Jesuits, at Sacred Heart Church in White Marsh, outsideAnnapolis, Maryland. This body, known as the General Chapters, resolved on November 13, 1786, that "a school be erected for the education of youth" and that the location for the school would be in Georgetown.[ HP Pavilion G72-259WM CPU Fan

The site was influenced by Carroll's experience with Jesuit colleges in Europe, which were located in urban centers.[12] Port towns were used by Jesuits because of their missionary focus. By March 1787, they formed a fund raising committee, and Carroll solicited formal proposals for an "academy, at George-town, Patowmack-River, Maryland."[13] HP Pavilion dv6-3109ca  CPU  Fan

The District of Columbia's borders wouldn't be defined until the passage and implementation of the Residence Act in 1790.[14]

On April 24, 1787, Georgetown landowner John Threlkeld donated a plot of land to Carroll, which was ultimately where he founded Holy Trinity Church.[15] HP Pavilion dv6782eg CPU Fan

In April 1788, construction began at a larger neighboring plot on Georgetown's first building, later called "Old South", leading Carroll to write "We shall begin the building of our Academy this summer. On this Academy are built all my hopes of permanency and success of our holy religion in the United States."[16] On January 23, 1789, John Carroll, SONY UDQF2PH52CF0 CPU Fan

Robert Molyneux and John Ashton completed the purchase from Threlkeld and William Deakins, Jr. for "seventy five pounds current money" of the acre and a half on which construction had already started.[13] This land became the core of Georgetown's campus. As a result, the University celebrates this date as its founding.

Carroll had difficulty filling the position of president of the university, Toshiba UDQFRPH33CCM CPU Fan

with many candidates declining the job before Robert Plunkett first took the office in 1791, though he only served 18 months. He oversaw the division of the academy into "college", "preparatory", and "elementary", with the youngest starting at age eight.Toshiba Satellite A505-S6980 CPU Fan

Jean-Edouard de Mondésir became the first teacher in late October 1791, and the first student, William Gaston, was enrolled on November 22, 1791.[18]Classes commenced on January 2, 1792, with around 69 students attending in its first year.[19] Georgetown's second building, Old North, which survives to this day, began construction in 1794. HP Pavilion dv7-2025es CPU Fan

At three times the size of Old South, it greatly increased the number of classrooms and sleeping space on campus.[20] Upon the building's completion, George Washington visited and spoke from the porch, a position since reserved for U.S. Presidents.

In its early years, Georgetown suffered from considerable financial strain, relying on private sources of funding and the limited profits from local Jesuit-owned lands.[21] TOSHIBA Satellite L300 CPU Fan

By September 1792, tuition had to be increased for the first time.[13] In 1796, Louis William Valentine Dubourg arrived and became president. Dubourg brought with him a collection of books from his own collection and others from St. Mary's Seminary, the Baltimore Society of Saint-Sulpice, and these books formed the nucleus of Georgetown's library.[22] HP G62-a10EJ CPU Fan

On January 1, 1798, Dubourg released the first prospectus to advertise the college abroad, but also drove the school into debt by hiring numerous new faculty, including fencing teachers, and by buying silver and a school piano.[23] The first board of directors organized in 1797, and quickly became antagonized with Dubourg because of his spending and preference for French faculty, particularly during the Quasi-War. Dell MF60100V1-Q000-G99 CPU Fan

The board forced him to resign in December 1798.[24]

Beginning in 1798, Leonard Neale and his brother Francis Neale oversaw the growth of the university as presidents for a combined eleven years. At Carroll's request, Neale was also appointed coadjutor bishop by Pope Pius VI in 1800. In 1799 Neale invited three sisters of the Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary to open a convent at Georgetown. DELL R859C CPU Fan

On June 24, 1799, the young Visitation Convent under Mother Teresa Lalor began a Saturday school for young women.[25] This developed into an academy, now Georgetown Visitation Preparatory School, in 1802. Leonard Neale remained as president of Georgetown until 1806 when he was succeeded by Robert Molyneux, who died in 1808. Leonard Neale's brother, Francis Neale, then became president of Georgetown College in 1809.[26] Toshiba Satellite A105-S2101 CPU Fan

When the suppression of the Society of Jesus in Maryland ended in 1805, several former Jesuits rejoined, including Leonard Neale, and Carroll commenced a series of agreements to ensure Jesuit involvement in the school. Carroll however never rejoined the Society. In 1806 the school began a novitiate for Jesuit recruits moving from Russia, which had harbored the Society during the suppression.[27] SONY Vaio VGN-FW140E CPU Fan

Carroll didn't seek civil recognition for Georgetown until after the suppression of the international Society ended in 1814. Instead of a state charter, he went to the federal government, then in charge of the District of Columbia. NowCongressman William Gaston sponsored the legislation, and Georgetown received the first federal charter on March 1, 1815.[28] ACER Aspire 5730Z CPU Fan

Founder John Carroll died December 3, 1815, at age eighty, and in his will he left Georgetown four-hundred pounds sterling, which marked the beginning of Georgetown's endowment.

The new charter allowed Georgetown to grant academic degrees for the first time. The college's first two official graduates, a pair of brothers from New York named Charles and George Dinnies, were awarded the degree of bachelor of arts in 1817.[28] SONY Vaio VPC-EB4S1E/WI CPU Fan

Other Jesuit schools would confer degrees under Georgetown's charter for many years afterward.[29] Graduate degrees were awarded for the first time in 1821.[13] In 1833, the Holy See empowered Georgetown to confer degrees in philosophy andtheology. On June 10, 1844, the school was reincorporated by Congress under the name The President and Directors of Georgetown CollegeHP Pavilion dv9580ed CPU Fan

Georgetown's Observatory, completed in 1844, was used in 1846 to determine the latitude and longitude of Washington, D.C., which was the first such calculation for the nation's capital.[30]

In 1830, construction of an infirmary in the new Gervase Building brought the first hospital beds to Georgetown. Toshiba Satellite L305D-S5934 CPU Fan

In 1849, four Catholic doctors frustrated with discriminatory practices at neighboring Columbian College (later renamed George Washington University) petitioned Georgetown President James Ryder to found a medical program.[31] A building for this purpose was purchased at 12th and F Streets, and the School of Medicine was founded in 1850, holding its first classes the following year. SONY Vaio VGN-CR31S/P CPU Fan

From its beginning, Georgetown was not intended to be exclusively Catholic, and over its first ten years, nearly one-fifth of students were Protestant. A fifth of students were also from the Caribbean. By 1830, Jewish students were known to be attending. European immigrants and Napoleonic War refugees also made up significant parts of the early student body.[8]School rules were harshly enforced. HP Pavilion dv5-1210et CPU Fan

Leonard Neale, a strict moralist, regulated students' movements such that founder John Carrol accused him of running Georgetown "on the principles of a convent."[23] There were three student organized rebellions against the Georgetown administration in the antebellum period. The most notable of these occurred in January 1850, against the administration of James A. SONY Vaio VGN-FW465J/B CPU Fan

Ryder over the school food. Students damaged the dormitories and took charge of a local hotel.[33]

The first student society, the Sodality of Our Lady, was founded in 1810 as a religious devotional group.[34] A strict revision of school rules in 1829 forbade personal conversations or particular associations.[23] HP Envy 15 CPU Fan

Despite this the Philodemic Society was founded in 1830 as the schools debating society, the oldest of its kind in America and the oldest secular group at Georgetown. Other debating societies were founded in its model, or in opposition to it in later years, such as the short lived Philisorian Society and the Philonomosian Society, which lasted from 1839 until 1935.[ HP Pavilion dv7-1190er CPU Fan

The College Cadets were officially organized in 1836, becoming the oldest military unit native to the District of Columbia.[36] The Dramatic Association of Georgetown College, renamed the Mask and Bauble Dramatic Society after World War I, was founded in 1852, and is itself the oldest surviving student dramatic society in America. Toshiba Satellite A105-S4074 CPU Fan

The Civil War was an important and tragic time for the University. Beginning on December 11, 1859 the Philodemic Societydebated whether or not the southern states should secede. The debate lasted weeks, and after the Society affirmed secession, a brawl ensued, and debates were canceled for the rest of 1860.[39] Fist fights on campus between northern and southern students soon became common.  IBM MCF-208AM05-1 CPU Fan

Beginning in 1861, many students left their studies to join the war. 925 students ultimately enlisted with the Confederate Army and 216 with the Union Army; between them 106 died in the war. Enrollment dropped from 313 students in 1859 to only 17 late in 1861.[8] By 1862, Georgetown only had 120 total students, about ten percent of what it was just a few years earlier.[40] IBM MCF-217PAM05 CPU Fan

Only seven students graduated in 1869, down from over 300 a decade prior.

Responding to lack of adequate hospital beds and housing for soldiers needed to protect the District, the Union commandeered University buildings, and by the time of President Abraham Lincoln's May 1861 visit to campus, 1,400 Union Army troops were stationed in temporary quarters there.[41 HP GB0507PGV1-A CPU Fan

] 1,300 of them were from the 69th Infantry Regiment, which established itself in Maguire Hall from May 4, 1841 to June when the unit was replaced by the 79th New York Volunteer Infantry. The occupation ended in July when the unit left to fight in the First Battle of Bull Run, but the university remained home to soldiers as an infirmary for the remainder of the war. IBM MCF-217PAM05 CPU Fan

Georgetown would later be connected to the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Several of John Wilkes Booth's conspirators had associations to Georgetown: David Herold, who accompanied Booth in his escape, attended the school between 1855 and 1858 and received a certificate in pharmacology in 1860, while Samuel Arnold, who conspired with Booth to kidnap Lincoln, HP Pavilion dv6-3385la CPU Fan

attended in the mid-1840s, and Dr. Samuel Mudd, who set Booth's broken ankle following the assassination, studied medicine between 1851 and 1854.[42] Charles Lieberman, one of the founders of the medical school, however was among the doctors who treated Lincoln the night he died.[43]

The war drastically changed Georgetown, making it both more northern and more Catholic.[8] HP Pavilion tx2510us  CPU  Fan

Increasingly larger percentages of the student body came from northern cities, more populated with Catholic immigrants, while the student body had been primarily southern before the war.[13] This dynamic is expressed in Georgetown's official school colors. In 1876, Georgetown College Boat Club, the school's rowing team, adopted blue, from the uniform of the Union Army, HP G62-b55EV CPU Fan

and gray, from the uniforms of the Confederate States military forces, as their team colors in order to signify the peaceful unity between students from the North and those from the South. Students at Georgetown Visitation wove the first blue and gray uniforms for the team.[44] Georgetown's motto Utraque Unum, "both into one," though used before the war, helped capture the unity spirit. HP Pavilion dv6-2145sf CPU Fan

In 1874, Patrick Francis Healy became president of Georgetown University, becoming the first African American president of a predominantly white university.[46] Healy's influence on Georgetown was so far-reaching that he is often referred to as the school's "second founder." He modernized the curriculum by requiring courses in the sciences, particularly chemistry and physics. HP Pavilion dv7-1120ew CPU Fan

Healy and his successors sought to bind the professional schools into a university, and concentrate on higher education.[8] The most visible result of Healy's presidency was the construction of a large building begun in 1877 and first used in 1881, later named Healy Hallin his honor.

A school of law was approved by the Board of Directors in March 1870, and graduated its first students in 1872.[47HP 538340-001 CPU Fan

] In 1884 the "Law Department" moved to 6th and F Streets, N.W., not far from the Medical School, and then again in 1891 to 506 E Street, N.W.[48] In 1870, Georgetown raised the raise the minimum age of enrollment at Georgetown Preparatory School from eight to twelve. This was raised again in 1894 to thirteen. As part of the focus on higher education, HP 535766-001 CPU Fan

Georgetown Preparatory School relocated from campus in 1919 to nearby North Bethesda, Maryland, and fully separated from the University in 1927.[49] Georgetown Visitation Preparatory School has remained attached to the university campus, and while independently run, the two occasionally share facilities.

Numerous new schools were founded during twentieth-century. HP 535442-001 CPU Fan

The School of Foreign Service (SFS) was founded in 1919 by Edmund A. Walsh to prepare students for leadership in foreign commerce and diplomacy.[8] The School of Languages and Linguistics was organized in 1949 and the School of Business was created out of the SFS in 1955. New developments also came to School of Medicine. In 1898, Georgetown University Hospital was first established on campus. HP 535441-001 CPU Fan

Georgetown obtained the Washington Dental College in 1901, and integrated it with the medical school.[8] In 1903, Georgetown University began an undergraduate medical program with the School of Nursing. A new Medical-Dental Building on Reservoir Road was completed in 1930 and classes then moved to the main campus. In 1951 the School of Dentistry separated from the School of Medicine as an independent unit of Georgetown University.[50] HP 535439-001 CPU Fan

On October 4, 1966, Congress passed a bill that recognized the school's name as "Georgetown University" for the first time.[13] The 1844 bill in effect until then had referred only to "Georgetown College", which at that point was known as theCollege of Arts and Sciences and was just one branch of the university. In 1970 Lauinger Library was also completed, bringing space for a rapidly growing library collection.[22] HP 535438-001 CPU Fan

In 1971, following the completion of the Bernard P. McDonough Hall, the law school moved to its present location at 1st and F Streets at 600 New Jersey Avenue.The 1960s saw major changes in administration as well as in the student body.[51] Female students have been admitted to the School of Medicine since 1880, to the School of Nursing since its founding, to the Graduate School since 1943,[52] HP 533736-001 CPU Fan

and to the School of Foreign Service since 1944.[53] While most of the university was made available to women on a limited basis by 1952, it wasn't until the College of Arts and Sciences welcomed its first female students in the 1969–1970 academic year that Georgetown became fullycoeducational.[54][55]

Freshmen hazing rituals, long tolerated by the administration, were banned in 1962 after one student brought suit against the school for injuries he sustained.[56] IBM 13R2760 CPU Fan

President Lawrence C. Gorman phased out restrictions on attendance by African Americans, and Samuel Halsey Jr. became the first black undergraduate in 1950.[57] The Black Student Alliance was formed in 1968, and in 1969 Georgetown named the first black member of the Board of Directors since Patrick Francis Healy.[58][59]

Modern Georgetown is largely a product of substantial changes during the 1980s.[60] ACER LU.S040A.067 CPU Fan

In 1982, the School of Foreign Service moved into its new home in the Edward B. Bunn S.J. Intercultural Center.[61] The 1984 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournamentchampionship by Georgetown's men's basketball team helped make Georgetown University a household name with stars such as Patrick Ewing and Dikembe Mutombo under Coach John Thompson. ACER LU.S050B.078 CPU Fan

Georgetown ended its bicentennial year of 1989 by electing Leo J. O'Donovan as president. He subsequently launched the Third Century Campaign to build the school's endowment.[62] In December 2003, Georgetown completed the campaign, joining twenty other universities worldwide to raise at least $1 billion in a single fund drive. The campaign supported financial aid, academic chair endowment, and new capital projects.[63] DELL Studio 1535 CPU Fan

In 1987, the University decided to close the School of Dentistry following the class of 1990 for financial reasons, as the number of dental students dropped nationwide.[64] Supplies and equipment from the school were sent to Pontifical Xavierian University in Bogotá, Colombia.[65] In 1994, the School of Languages and Linguistics was folded into the College, and is now the Faculty of Languages and Linguistics. HP Pavilion dv6736nr CPU Fan

On October 7, 1998, the School of Business was renamed theMcDonough School of Business in honor of alumnus Robert Emmett McDonough and in 2009, it moved into the newly constructed Rafik B. Hariri Building.[66] In 1999 the School of Nursing added three other health related majors and appended its name to become the School of Nursing and Health Studies. HP Envy 15-1050ca CPU Fan

John J. DeGioia, Georgetown's first lay president, has led the school since 2001. DeGioia has continued its financial modernization and has sought to "expand opportunities for intercultural and interreligious dialogue."[68] In October 2002, Georgetown University began studying the feasibility of opening a campus of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service inQatar, when the non-profit Qatar Foundation first proposed the idea. HP Pavilion dv7-6100et CPU Fan

The School of Foreign Service in Qatar opened in 2005 along with four other U.S. universities in the Education City development. That same year, Georgetown began hosting a two-week workshop at Fudan University's School of International Relations and Public Affairs in Shanghai, China. This later developed into a more formal connection when Georgetown opened a liaison office at Fudan on January 12, 2008 to further collaboration.[69] APPLE 661-4951 CPU Fan

DeGioia also founded the annual Building Bridges Seminar in 2001, which brings global religious leaders together, and is part Georgetown's effort to promote religious pluralism.[70] In 1974, Woodstock College was refounded as the Woodstock Theological Center on Georgetown's campus. The Center for Contemporary Arab Studies was opened on September 3, 1975 with grants fromOman, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, and Mobil Oil.[71] IBM 42W2403 CPU Fan

In 1993 the Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding was opened and after a $20 million grant from Saudi Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal in 2005, the center was renamed the "Prince Alwaleed Center for Muslim–Christian Understanding".[72] The Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs was begun as an initiative in 2004, and after a grant from William R. Berkley, was launched as an independent organization in 2006.[70] ACER Aspire 9304WSMi CPU Fan

Additionally, The Center for International and Regional Studies opened in 2005 at the new Qatar campus.

Georgetown, as a major world university, has been featured in many media over the years. The most prominent example is the 1971horror novel, The Exorcist, written by William Peter Blatty, who received an English degree from Georgetown in 1950. HP 610773-001 CPU Fan

The novel is loosely based on a series of 1949 exorcisms conducted on a fourteen-year-old boy at Georgetown University Hospital, nearby Maryland, and in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1973, Blatty's bestselling novel was made into a film, also titled The Exorcist. Like the novel, the film was set at Georgetown and filmed on campus during the fall semester in 1972.[74] IBM ThinkPad R50p 1830 CPU Fan

The climatic scene uses a steep staircase between Prospect Street and Canal Road, previously know popularly as the "Hitchcock Steps" for their spooky appeal. However, since the film's release they have been called the "Exorcist steps."[75]

The 1985 "Brat Pack" film St. Elmo's Fire also revolved around a group of students who had just graduated from Georgetown. IBM ThinkPad T61 8898 CPU Fan

The bar that much of the film takes place in is based on The Tombs, a bar and restaurant known for its large student clientele and rowing decòr, located one block from Georgetown's front gates in a historic university owned house.[76] Georgetown denied the producers the rights to film on campus, so parts of the film were shot at the nearby University of Maryland, College Park.[77] IBM ThinkPad R50p 2889 CPU Fan

Additionally, Georgetown University has been a destination for characters in films such as Above the RimSave the Last DanceElection, and The Girl Next Door, as well as television shows such as The Sopranos and The West Wing, which also filmed scenes on campus.[78] The filmMemento was written by a Georgetown alumnus, and the main character's nemesis, IBM ThinkPad R50p 1830 CPU Fan

John G., is said to be named after John Glavin, a full professor of Victorian literature and screenwriting in Georgetown's Department of English.

As of 2010, the University has 7,553 undergraduate students, and 5,832 graduate students.[5] Bachelor's programs are offered through Georgetown College, the School of Nursing and Health Studies, IBM ThinkPad R50 1829 CPU Fan

the Robert Emmett McDonough School of Business, theSchool of Continuing Studies, and the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, which includes the Qatar campus. Some high school students from Georgetown Visitation are permitted to attend classes for Advanced Placement credit.[45]

Georgetown University offers undergraduate degrees in forty-eight majors in the four undergraduate schools, IBM ThinkPad R50P CPU Fan

as well as the opportunity for students to design their own individualized courses of study.[46] All majors in the College are open as minors to students in the College, the School of Nursing and Health Studies, and the School of Business. Students in the School of Foreign Service cannot receive minors, but can complete certificates instead. All courses are on a credit hoursystem.[14] IBM Thinkpad W500 CPU Fan

Georgetown offers many opportunities to study abroad, and 58.7% of the undergraduate student body spends time at an institution overseas. Master's and doctoral programs are offered through the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the Law Center, the School of Medicine, and the School of Continuing Studies. Masters students occasionally share some advanced seminars with undergraduates, Compaq Presario CQ41-206TU CPU Fan

and most undergraduate schools offer abbreviated bachelors and masters programs following completion of the undergraduate degree. The McDonough School of Business and the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service both offer masters programs. The Center for Contemporary Arab Studies and the Public Policy Institute are both research centers which also offer masters degrees.  SONY Vaio VPC-EB4X1E/BQ CPU Fan

In 2013, the Public Policy Institute received a $100 million grant from Frank McCourt, and became the McCourt School of Public Policy in October 2013.[48]

Each graduate school offers at least one double degree with another graduate school.[49] Additionally, the Law Center offers a joint degree with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.[50HP G62-374CA CPU Fan

] The School of Continuing Studies includes the Center for Continuing and Professional Education, and operates four types of degree programs, over thirty professional certificates and non-degree courses, undergraduate and graduate degrees in Liberal Studies, as well as summer courses for graduates, undergraduates, and high school students. HP Pavilion dv5-1203eg CPU Fan

As of 2011, Georgetown University employed 1,291 full-time and 882 part-time faculty members across its three Washington, D.C. campuses,[3] with additional staff at SFS-Qatar.[52] The faculty comprises leading academics and notable political and business leaders, and are predominantly male by a two-to-one margin.[53] Politically, Georgetown University's faculty members give more support to liberal candidates, HP Pavilion dv7-3131ez CPU Fan

and while their donation patterns are generally consistent with those of other American university faculties, they gave more than average to Barack Obama's presidential campaign.[54][55]

The current faculty includes scholars such as the former President of the American Philological Association James J. O'Donnell, theologian John Haught, social activists Sam Marullo and Chai Feldblum, and preeminent hip-hop scholar Michael Eric Dyson.[Dell Vostro 3450 CPU Fan

Many former politicians choose to teach at Georgetown, including the former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, U.S. Agency for International Development administrator Andrew Natsios, National Security Advisor Anthony Lake, and CIA director George Tenet. Internationally, the school attracts numerous former ambassadors and heads of state, such as Saudi Ambassador Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, SONY Vaio VGN-CR23/N CPU Fan

Prime Minister of Spain José María Aznar, and President of Colombia Álvaro Uribe.

Georgetown University is a self-described "student-centered research university"[61] considered by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education to have "very high research activity."[62] As of 2002, Georgetown's libraries held 2,778,526 printed items and 73,496 serials in seven buildings, with most in Lauinger Library.[63] HP Pavilion dv6-3043tx CPU Fan

The Blommer Science Library, located in the Reiss Science Building on campus, houses most of the Science collection. Additionally, the Law School campus includes the nation's fifth largest law library.[64] Georgetown faculty conduct research in hundreds of subjects, but have priorities in the fields of religion, ethics, science, public policy, and cancer medicine.[65] Cross-institutional research is performed with Columbia University and Virginia Tech. HP Pavilion dv6-3163eo CPU Fan

In 2008, Georgetown spent $143 million on research, ranking it 111th nationwide.[66] In 2007, it received about $14.8 million in federal funds for research, with 64% from the National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, the United States Department of Energy, and the Department of Defense.[67] In 2010, the school received $5.6 million from the Department of Education to fund fellowships in several international studies fields.[68] HP Pavilion dv7-1003eo CPU Fan

Georgetown University Medical Center received an additional $118.4 million from these and other government sources.[67] Georgetown's Vincent Lombardi Cancer Center is one of 41 research-intensive comprehensive cancer centers in the United States, and developed the breakthrough HPV vaccine for cervical cancer in 2006.[69] Dell Vostro 3450 CPU Fan

Centers which conduct and sponsor research at Georgetown include the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs, the Prince Alwaleed Center for Muslim–Christian Understanding and the Woodstock Theological Center. Regular publications include the Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy, the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal HP Pavilion dv7-3067nr CPU Fan

the Georgetown Law Journal, the Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, and the Georgetown Public Policy Review.

Admission to Georgetown is highly selective; In 2013, the university received nearly 20,000 applications [77] and admitted 16.6% of those that applied,[78] The Fiske Guide to Colleges states that "only Stanford and a handful of Ivy League schools are tougher to get into than Georgetown."[79] SONY Vaio VGN-CR23/N CPU Fan

As of 2011, Georgetown's graduate schools have acceptance rates of 3.6% to the School of Medicine,[80] 19% to the Law Center,[81] 25% to the MSFS,[82] and 34.9% to the MBA program.[83] In 2004, a National Bureau of Economic Research study on revealed preference of U.S. colleges showed that Georgetown was the 16th most-preferred choice.[ HP Pavilion dv7-1129wm CPU Fan

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