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Hillsboro is the fifth-largest city in the State of Oregon and is the county seat of Washington County.[7] Lying in the Tualatin Valley on the west side of the Portland metropolitan area, the city is home to many high-technology (high-tech) companies, such as Intel, that compose what has become known as the Silicon Forest. HP Pavilion dv7-2025es CPU Fan

At the 2010 Census, the city's population was 91,611.[8]

For thousands of years before the arrival of European-American settlers, the Atfalati tribe of the Kalapuya lived in the Tualatin Valley near the later site of Hillsboro. The climate, moderated by marine influence from the Pacific Ocean, helped make the region suitable for fishing, TOSHIBA Satellite L300 CPU Fan

hunting, food gathering, and agriculture. Settlers founded a community here in 1842, later named after David Hill, an Oregon politician. Transportation by riverboat on the Tualatin River was part of Hillsboro's settler economy. A railroad reached the area in the early 1870s and an interurban electric railway about four decades later. HP G62-a10EJ CPU Fan

These railways, as well as highways, aided the slow growth of the city to about 2,000 people by 1910 and about 5,000 by 1950, before the arrival of high-tech companies in the 1980s.

Hillsboro has a council-manager government consisting of a city manager and a city council headed by a mayor. In addition to high-tech industry, sectors important to Hillsboro's economy are health care, Dell MF60100V1-Q000-G99 CPU Fan

retail sales, and agriculture, including grapes and wineries. The city operates more than twenty parks and the mixed-use Hillsboro Stadium, and nine sites in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). Modes of transportation include private vehicles, public buses and light rail, and aircraft using the Hillsboro Airport. DELL R859C CPU Fan

The city is home to Pacific University's Health Professions Campus. Notable residents include two Oregon governors.

The first people of the Tualatin Valley were the Atfalati or Tualaty tribe of the Kalapuya, who inhabited the region for up to 10,000 years before white settlers arrived. Toshiba Satellite A105-S2101 CPU Fan

The valley consisted of open grassland maintained by annual burning by the Atfalati, with scattered groves of trees along the streams. The Kalapuya moved from place to place in good weather to fish and hunt and to gather nuts, seeds, roots, and berries. Important foods includedcamas and wapato, SONY Vaio VGN-FW140E CPU Fan

and the Atfalati traded for salmon from Chinookan tribes near Willamette Falls on the Willamette River. During the winter, they lived in longhouses in settled villages, some near what became Hillsboro and Beaverton. Their population was greatly reduced after contact in the late 18th century with Europeans, who carriedsmallpox, syphilis, and malaria. ACER Aspire 5730Z CPU Fan

Of the original population of 1,000 to 2,000 Atfalati reported in 1780, only 65 remained in 1851. In 1855, the U.S. government sent the survivors to the Grande Ronde reservation further west.[9]

The European-American community was founded by David Hill, Isaiah Kelsey, and Richard Williams, who arrived in the Tualatin Valley in 1841, followed by six more pioneers in 1842.[10] SONY Vaio VPC-EB4S1E/WI CPU Fan

The locality went by two other names—East Tualatin Plains and Columbia—before it was named "Hillsborough" in February 1850 in honor of Hill, when he sold part of his land claim to the county.[11] On February 5, 1850, commissioners chosen by the territorial legislatureselected the community to be the seat of the county government.[11] HP Pavilion dv9580ed CPU Fan

Hill was to be paid $200 for his land after plots had been sold for the town site,[11] but he died before this occurred, and his widow Lucinda received the funds.[12] The town's name was later simplified to Hillsboro. A log cabin was built in 1853 to serve as the community's first school, which opened in October 1854.[13] Toshiba Satellite L305D-S5934 CPU Fan

Riverboats provided transportation to Hillsboro as early as 1867 when the side-wheel steamer Yamhill worked on the Tualatin River.

In 1871, the Oregon and California Railroad line was extended to the area, but it ran just south of town because the city did not want to give the railroad land in exchange for the rail connection.[10] SONY Vaio VGN-CR31S/P CPU Fan

Hillsboro was incorporated as the Town of Hillsboro on October 19, 1876, by the Oregon Legislature.[14] The first mayor was A. Luelling, who took office on December 8, 1876, and served a one-year term.[15] Notable later mayors included Congressman Thomas H. Tongue (1882 and 1886) and state senator William D. Hare (1885).[15] HP Pavilion dv5-1210et CPU Fan

On September 30, 1908, 5,000 people gathered as theOregon Electric Railway opened a connection between the city and Portland with an interurban electric rail line, the first to reach the community.[16] In 1923, the city altered its charter and adopted a council-manager government with a six-person city council, a part-time mayor who determined major policies, and a city manager who ran day-to-day operations.[17] SONY Vaio VGN-FW465J/B CPU Fan

A brick building was constructed in 1852 to house the county government, followed by a brick courthouse in 1873.[18] In 1891, the courthouse was remodeled and a clock tower was added,[19] and the building was expanded with an annex in 1912. A new courthouse replaced the brick structure in 1928. HP Envy 15 CPU Fan

The last major remodel of the 1928 structure occurred in 1972, when the Justice Services Building was built and incorporated into the existing building.[18]

The city's first fire department was a hook and ladder company organized in 1880 by the board of trustees (now city council).[20] HP Pavilion dv7-1190er CPU Fan

A drinking water and electricity distribution system added in 1892–93 gave the town three fire hydrants and minimal street lighting.[21] Hillsboro built its first sewer system in 1911, but sewage treatment was not added until 1936.[22] In 1913, the city built its own water system,[23] and the first library,Carnegie City Library, opened in December 1914.[24] Toshiba Satellite A105-S4074 CPU Fan

From 1921 to 1952, the world's second-tallest radio tower stood on the south side of the city,[25] but in 1952, the wireless telegraph tower was demolished.

In 1972, the Hillsboro City Council passed a Green River Ordinance banning door-to-door solicitation, but it was ruled unconstitutional by the Oregon Supreme Court in a 1988 decision.[26]  IBM MCF-208AM05-1 CPU Fan

The court determined that the city ordinance was overly broad, in a case that was seen as a test case for many similar laws in the state.[26] In 1979, Intel opened its first facility in Hillsboro.[27] The Hawthorn Farm campus and was followed by the Jones Farm campus adjacent to the airport in 1982, and finally by the Ronler Acres campus in 1994.[27] IBM MCF-217PAM05 CPU Fan

TriMet opened a Metropolitan Area Express (MAX) light rail line into the city in 1998. A cultural center was added in 2004 and a new city hall was completed in 2005. In 2008, SolarWorld opened a facility producing solar wafers, crystals, and cells, the largest plant of its type in the Western Hemisphere.  HP GB0507PGV1-A CPU Fan

Properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in and around Hillsboro include the Old Scotch Church, completed in 1876 north of the city.[29] Near the Orenco neighborhood is Imbrie Farm, which includes a house built in 1866 and the Frank Imbrie Barn, both of which McMenamins converted for use as a brewpub.[29][30] IBM MCF-217PAM05 CPU Fan

Built in 1935, the Harold Wass Ray House is near Intel's Hawthorn Farm campus.[29] Historic properties in downtown include the Zula Linklater House (completed 1923), Rice-Gates House (1890), Edward Schulmerich House (c. 1915), and Charles Shorey House (c. 1908).[29] HP Pavilion dv6-3385la CPU Fan

The Richard and Helen Rice House is adjacent to the Sunset Highway on the north side of the city and houses the Rice Northwest Museum of Rocks and Minerals.[29] The Old Washington County Jail previously was at the Washington County Fairgrounds in the city,[29] but was restored and moved to the Washington County Museum outside the city in 2004, and was de-listed from the NRHP in 2008.[ HP Pavilion tx2510us  CPU  Fan

In 2007, the Manning-Kamna Farm was added to the NRHP and includes 10 buildings, dating to as early as 1883.

Hillsboro is located at 45°31′23″N 122°59′18″W.[34] The United States Census Bureau reports the city has a total area of 21.6 square miles (55.9 km2), all of which is land. In 2012, Hillsboro itself reported an area of 23.76 square miles (61.5 km2), equivalent to 15,210 acres (61.6 km2).[35] HP G62-b55EV CPU Fan

The city is located in the Tualatin Valley, and the Tualatin River forms part of the southern city limits. The city's terrain is fairly level, consistent with an agricultural past and the farms still in operation.[36][37] Hillsboro is about 17 miles (27 km) west of Portland and immediately west of Beaverton, at an elevation of 194 feet (59 m) above sea level.[5] HP Pavilion dv6-2145sf CPU Fan

 In addition to the Tualatin River, streams include Dairy Creek, McKay Creek, Rock Creek, Dawson Creek, and Turner Creek. Neighboring communities in addition to Beaverton are Aloha, Cornelius, North Plains,Reedville, Scholls, and West Union.

Hillsboro's street system differs from many others in the county.[38] HP Pavilion dv7-1120ew CPU Fan

Most cities in Washington County use a numbering system and cardinal direction orientation based on a grid that begins at theWillamette River in downtown Portland, which was originally part of Washington County.[38] For example, the street names in Beaverton generally include Southwest (SW) prefixes because Beaverton lies in the southwest quadrant of the Portland grid. HP 538340-001 CPU Fan

In Hillsboro, some county road names and addresses conform to the Portland grid instead of Hillsboro's internal cardinal direction grid,[39]and the city has been working to make addresses and streets within Hillsboro conform to the internal grid.[39][40]

The internal grid in Hillsboro centers on the downtown intersection of Main Street, which runs east–west, and First Avenue, which runs north–south. HP 535766-001 CPU Fan

Most addresses within the city include a quadrant prefix: NW, NE, SW, or SE. Main Street is simply designated as East Main or West Main, and First Avenue is only North First or South First.[41] Addresses on the streets' south side and the avenues' east side have even numbers, while odd numbers are on the opposite side.[41] HP 535442-001 CPU Fan

 Hillsboro's street system contains 20 blocks per mile (12.5 blocks per kilometer).[41]

North–south through roadways are called avenues, while east–west roadways are called streets.[42] All cul-de-sacs are named as either places or courts.[42]Roads that curve can be named drives.[42] Non-city streets may not conform to these naming conventions.[39] HP 535441-001 CPU Fan

The city is divided into eight planning areas, each of which contains several neighborhoods.[43] The east planning area contains the Tanasbourne neighborhood andOregon Health & Science University's West Campus.[43] The northeast planning area includes the Orenco, Orenco Station, Airport, and West Union neighborhoods.[43]JHP 535439-001 CPU Fan

ackson School, Sunrise, and Glencoe neighborhoods lie in the northwest area,[43] and the Dennis, Garibaldi, and Connell neighborhoods are in the west area.[43]The central area includes the Downtown, Jackson Bottom, Henry, and Eastwood neighborhoods.[43] Blocks in the downtown core are 400 feet (120 m) long on each side.[44] HP 535438-001 CPU Fan

The Minter Bridge, Rood Bridge, and River Road neighborhoods are in the south planning area;[43] the southeast area consists of the Reedville and Witch Hazel neighborhoods,[43] and the Brookwood planning area in the center of the city contains the Cedar, Bentley, and Brogden neighborhoods.[43]

Landmarks in Hillsboro include the Washington County Courthouse, the seat of county government.[45] HP 533736-001 CPU Fan

Along the western edge of the city is Hillsboro Pioneer Cemetery, established in 1870, the final resting place of city pioneers and politicians.[46] Next to the airport is the Washington County Fair Complex, home to the annual county fair.[47] Located at Shute Park is the 25-foot (7.6 m) tall wood sculpture "Chief Kno–Tah", donated to Hillsboro and dedicated in 1987 as part of Peter Wolf Toth's Trail of the Whispering Giants. IBM 13R2760 CPU Fan

Summers in Hillsboro are generally warm, but temperatures year-round are moderated by a marine influence from the Pacific Ocean.[52] The Willamette Valley in which Hillsboro lies receives the majority of its precipitation during the winter months, with the wettest period from November through March.[52] This occasionally includes snowfall.[53] ACER LU.S040A.067 CPU Fan

Hillsboro receives precipitation on 161 days per year, on average.[54] The average yearly precipitation between 1930 and 1998 was 38 inches (970 mm).[55] August is the warmest month with an average high temperature of 81 °F (27 °C), while January is the coolest month with an average high of 46 °F (8 °C).[56] ACER LU.S050B.078 CPU Fan

The highest recorded temperature, 108 °F (42 °C), occurred on July 19, 1956, and the lowest, −10 °F (−23 °C), occurred on January 31, 1950.

Hillsboro's population grew from 402 in 1880 to 2,016 by 1910, making it the county's most populated city, according to 1910 censusdata.[59] By 1970, it had increased to more than 15,000, although neighboring Beaverton had overtaken it as the county's most populous city.[60] DELL Studio 1535 CPU Fan

By 1990 there were more than 37,000 residents, and commuters raised this to 110,000 during daytime.[61][62] At the 2010 Census, the population was 91,611,[8] fifth in rank among the state's largest cities behind Portland, Eugene, Salem andGresham and slightly ahead of Beaverton, which ranked sixth.[63] HP Pavilion dv6736nr CPU Fan

This figure was a 30.5 percent increase from Hillsboro's 70,186 residents in 2000, which made Hillsboro the fourth fastest-growing city in the state during the 2000s (decade), and the fastest-growing city in the Willamette Valley over the same period. In 2007, there were 17,126 houses lived in by their owners, with an average home price in the city of $246,900.[64] HP Envy 15-1050ca CPU Fan

Bloomberg Businessweek listed the city as the fastest growing in Oregon for the period between 1990 and 2010, for cities with populations over 10,000.

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 91,611 people, 33,289 households, and 22,440 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,833.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,480.0 /km2). HP Pavilion dv7-6100et CPU Fan

There were 35,487 housing units at an average density of 1,484.8 per square mile (573.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.3% White, 2.0% African American, 1.0%Native American, 8.6% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 10.0% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.6% of the population. APPLE 661-4951 CPU Fan

There were 33,289 households of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.6% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. IBM 42W2403 CPU Fan

The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.24.

The median age in the city was 32 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 35.2% were from 25 to 44; 20.8% were from 45 to 64; and 7.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female. ACER Aspire 9304WSMi CPU Fan

At the time of the 2000 census, there were 25,079 households, of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. HP 610773-001 CPU Fan

The average household size was 2.8 and the average family size was 3.3.

City residents included 28.3% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 37.0% from 25 to 44, 17.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 105.6 males. IBM ThinkPad R50p 1830 CPU Fan

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.8 males.

The median household income was $51,737 and the median family income was $57,379. Males had a median income of $41,046 compared $30,172 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,680. IBM ThinkPad T61 8898 CPU Fan

About 6.0% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. In 2007, 28% of people 25 and older held at least a bachelor's degree, while an additional 11% held an associate's degree. Those with less than a high school diploma made up 15% of the population, and 22% of residents had more than a high school diploma but less than a college degree. IBM ThinkPad R50p 2889 CPU Fan

For the year 2011, the city had 180 violent crimes reported to law enforcement, and 2,154 reports of property crimes.[67] The violent crime rate was 157.2 per 100,000 people compared to a national average of 309.3[68] and 287 for Oregon.[69] Property crime nationally was 3,335[68] per 100,000 compared to 3,203 in Hillsboro, and 4,402 for the state.[69] IBM ThinkPad R50p 1830 CPU Fan

Violent offenses include forcible rape, robbery, murder, non-negligent manslaughter, and aggravated assault. Property crimes include arson, motor vehicle theft, larceny, and burglary.[67] Statistics published by the Oregon Criminal Justice Commission showed a slight downward trend in the Washington County crime rate between 1991 and 2005. IBM ThinkPad R50 1829 CPU Fan

The rate for index crimes, a group comprising the combined violent offenses and property crimes mentioned above, was 3,930 per 100,000 in 1991 and rose to 4,440 per 100,000 in 1997 before falling to 3,410 per 100,000 in 2005.

Manufacturing is the leading employment sector in Hillsboro, employing 24% of the workforce, IBM ThinkPad R50P CPU Fan

followed by health care, education, and social services with a total of 15%.[64] Retail employment constitutes 12%, construction makes up 7%, and 13% of workers are employed in the administrative, scientific, professional, or waste management industries.[64] Sixty-eight percent of workers commute alone to the workplace, and eight percent use public transportation.[64] IBM Thinkpad W500 CPU Fan

The average one-way commute time is about 24 minutes.[64]

Many technology companies operate in Hillsboro, making it the center of Oregon's Silicon Forest.[72][73] In particular,Intel's[74] largest site is in Hillsboro, and includes three large campuses: Ronler Acres, Compaq Presario CQ41-206TU CPU Fan

Jones Farm, and Hawthorn Farm, along with several smaller campuses that employ about 16,000 workers.[75] Other high-tech companies operating facilities in Hillsboro include Yahoo!,[76] Credence Systems, Synopsys, Epson,[77] Salesforce,[78] and Sun Microsystems High-End Operations. Hillsboro is the corporate headquarters for TriQuint Semiconductor,[75]  SONY Vaio VPC-EB4X1E/BQ CPU Fan

Lattice Semiconductor, RadiSys, and Planar Systems among others.[79]

In 2006, Genentech announced plans to locate a packaging and distribution facility on 100 acres (0.40 km2) in Hillsboro.[80] The $400 million facility opened in 2010, which Oregon officials hoped would eventually also be used for research and development for the biotechnology company.[81] HP G62-374CA CPU Fan

Other biotech or medical companies based in Hillsboro include FEI Company and Acumed.[82]

The city is also a landing point on three fiber optic cable systems linking the United States across the Pacific Ocean: C2C, Southern Cross Cable, and VSNL Transpacific. These cable landings, lower energy costs, and tax breaks led to a boom of data centers being built starting about 2010.[83] HP Pavilion dv5-1203eg CPU Fan

 Data centers include those for Adobe, NetApp, Umpqua Bank, and Fortune Data Centers.

Hillsboro serves as the corporate headquarters for Rodgers Instruments, ClearEdge Power, Soloflex, Norm Thompson Outfitters,Eid Passport, and Parr Lumber, among others. Fujitsu and NEC Corporation formerly had factories in Hillsboro.[84] HP Pavilion dv7-3131ez CPU Fan

The Hatfield Government Center in Hillsboro is the western terminus of the MAX Blue Line, part of the Portland metropolitan area's light-rail system.[85] The presence of MAX prompted the development of the pedestrian-oriented community of Orenco Station within Hillsboro.[86][87] (See also: Orenco, Oregon.) Dell Vostro 3450 CPU Fan

Orenco Station was called the Best Planned Community of 1999 by the National Association of Home Builders.[88] It was also named "Best new burb" by Sunset magazine in 2006.[89] Hillsboro overall was listed on CNN Money Magazine's list of best places to live in 2010 for cities with populations between 50,000 and 300,000 residents.[90] The city came in at 92, the highest ranking for any city in the state. SONY Vaio VGN-CR23/N CPU Fan

Hillsboro's primary commercial cores are concentrated along Tualatin Valley Highway and Cornell Road. Additionally, the Tanasbourne neighborhood is a regional shopping area on the eastern edge of the city.[91] The neighborhood is home to the lifestyle shopping center The Streets of Tanasbourne.[92] HP Pavilion dv6-3043tx CPU Fan

 The $55 million outdoor complex with 368,000 square feet (34,200 m2) of retail space opened in 2004 with Meier & Frank (later Macy's) as the anchor tenant.[91][92]

The other large shopping center in the city is The Sunset Esplanade, located along Tualatin Valley Highway.[93HP Pavilion dv6-3163eo CPU Fan

] In November 2005, the world's largest Costco, a warehouse club store, opened in Hillsboro.[94] The store, with 205,000 square feet (19,000 m2) of floor space, is about 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2) bigger than the average Costco.[95]

Wineries near the city include Oak Knoll Winery, established in 1970, the oldest and largest winery in Washington County.[96][97] HP Pavilion dv7-1003eo CPU Fan

 Helvetia Winery & Vineyards to the north of Hillsboro started in the 1980s.[54] Wineries to the south include Gypsy Dancer Estates Winery and Raptor Ridge.[98] Local wines include pinot noir, pinot gris, and chardonnay.

Within the city are three commercial movie theaters with a total of 30 screens. Dell Vostro 3450 CPU Fan

This includes the Venetian Theatre that re-opened at the site of the old Town Theater in 2008.[100] The Oregon Chorale (a 60-person symphonic choir),[101] a men's barbershop chorus,[102]the Hillsboro Symphony Orchestra, and the Hillsboro Artists' Regional Theatre are also located in Hillsboro.[103]  HP Pavilion dv7-3067nr CPU Fan

The orchestra was founded in 2001 under the direction of Stefan Minde.[104] In 2004, the city opened the Glenn & Viola Walters Cultural Arts Center in a remodeled church in downtown.[79] The center provides space for galleries and performances, as well as classrooms for art instruction.[79] The Rice Northwest Museum of Rocks and Minerals is located on the northern edge of the city.[105] SONY Vaio VGN-CR23/N CPU Fan

The Washington County Museum returned to downtown Hillsboro in 2012 when it moved into the Civic Center.[106]

Hillsboro operates two library branches. Opened in 2007 after a smaller location was closed, the 38,000-square-foot (3,500 m2) main branch is located in the north-central section of the city.[107] HP Pavilion dv7-1129wm CPU Fan

 The older, smaller second branch is in Shute Park in the southwest area of the city. The Hillsboro libraries are part of Washington County Cooperative Library Services, which allows residents to use other libraries in the county and includes interlibrary loans.

AM radio station KUIK, the twice-weekly Hillsboro Argus newspaper, and the Hillsboro Tribune are based in Hillsboro. HP Pavilion G72-b15EV CPU Fan

The Argus is published on Tuesday and Friday, and has been in circulation since 1873.[109] KUIK is a 5,000-watt station broadcasting at the 1360 frequency. The Tribune started in September 2012 and publishes twice per month.The city is also served by Portland area media outlets including The OregonianWillamette Week, and all broadcast stations. Compaq Presario CQ60-417DX CPU Fan

Hillsboro's Department of Parks and Recreation operates more than 20 facilities, including Hillsboro Stadium. There are 23 parks, two sports complexes, the Walters Cultural Arts Center, the Shute Park Aquatic & Recreation Center, and three other mixed-use facilities.[111] The city also owns the Jackson Bottom Wetlands Preserve along the Tualatin River on the south side of the community.[ HP Pavilion dv7-3080eg CPU Fan

South of city is Bald Peak State Scenic Viewpoint, which is day-use only, and is the closest state park to Hillsboro. L.L. "Stub" Stewart Memorial State Park is the closest full-service state park.

Local golf courses include The Reserve Vineyards & Golf Club (36 holes) that was completed in 1997, Meriwether National Golf Course (27 holes) established in 1961, HP Pavilion dv9233ca CPU Fan

and the 9-hole McKay Creek Golf Course that was built in 1995.[113] Other courses in the area include Killarney West Golf Club (9 holes), Rock Creek Country Club (18 holes), Forest Hills Country Club (18 holes), and Pumpkin Ridge Golf Club (36 holes).

Hillsboro's annual Fourth of July Parade is the second-largest Independence Day parade in Oregon.[ HP Envy 14-1195la CPU Fan

The Oregon International Air Show, Oregon's largest air show, is held each year during the summer at the Hillsboro Airport.[64] Each summer the city offers a free concert series at Shute Park (Showtime at Shute),[116] while the Washington County Fair is held annually at the county fairgrounds adjacent to the airport.[117] HP Pavilion dv6-2115sf CPU Fan

Two farmers' markets operate in the city, a Saturday one in downtown and a Sunday one in Orenco Station, both operating from May to October.[64] The Saturday market began in 1982 and sells arts and crafts, food, produce, and plants.[118] On Tuesdays during the summer, the Hillsboro Markets operates a market that sells craftwork, food, and artwork downtown.[64] HP Pavilion dv7-3067nr CPU Fan

Additionally, a similar market operates on Wednesdays from June through August in the Tanasbourne neighborhood.[119]

The city has one professional sports team, the Hillsboro Hops of the Northwest League. The baseball team relocated from Yakima, Washington in 2012 and begins play at Hillsboro Ballpark for the 2013 Minor League Baseball season. HP Pavilion dv7-1129wm CPU Fan

Hillsboro operates under a council-manager form of city government. Voters elect six at-large councilors and a mayor, who each serve four-year terms, subject to a charter-imposed limitation of two consecutive terms.[121] The mayor and council appoint a city manager to conduct the ordinary business of the city. HP Pavilion G72-b15EV CPU Fan

Policy decisions are the responsibility of the council and mayor. Administrative functions are carried out by the manager and manager-appointed staff.[122] Government functions are centered at the Hillsboro Civic Center, which houses the office of the city manager and is the location of the twice-monthly city council meetings.[121] HP Pavilion dv6-2140se CPU Fan

As of January 2011, Jerry Willey was mayor with Nenice Andrews, Aron Carleson, Darell Lumaco, Steve Callaway, Olga Acuña, and Mike Castillo as the city counselors.[123] Michael Brown serves as the city's manager.[124]

Hillsboro operates its own library system, fire department, parks department, water system, and police department.[61] SONY Vaio VGN-SZ6RXN/C CPU Fan

 The Hillsboro Fire Department has five stations, and the Hillsboro Police Department operates two standard precincts and a mobile precinct.[61][125][126] Wastewater treatment is provided through the county-wide Clean Water Services.

At the federal level, Hillsboro lies in Oregon's 1st congressional district, represented by Suzanne Bonamici.[127] HP Pavilion dv7-2130ev CPU Fan

In theState Senate, Hillsboro is in District 15, represented by (Bruce Starr), and District 13, represented by (Larry George), abuts to the south. In the House, Districts 29 (Katie Eyre Brewer) and 30 (Shawn Lindsay) cover the city.[128] Parts of county commissioner districts 1 (Dick Schouten), 2 (Desari Strader), and 4 (Andy Duyck) overlap the city.[129] ACER eMachines G520 CPU Fan

In addition, Hillsboro lies within District 4 (Kathryn Harrington) of the Metro regional government.

Public schools in Hillsboro are operated by the Hillsboro School District (1J). The district is a unified school districtwith twenty-three elementary schools, four middle schools, and four high schools.[64] HP Pavilion dv5-2132dx CPU Fan

The district also operates the Miller Education Center, an alternative school, the Hare Field athletic complex, and City View Charter School.[131] The school district covers Hillsboro, Scholls, Reedville, North Plains, West Union, and other surrounding communities.[64] Total enrollment as of 2008 was 20,543 students, making it the fourth largest district in the state. Compaq Presario CQ60-307ea CPU Fan

Post-secondary educational opportunities include the west campus of Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU)[137] and the Portland West satellite campus of theOregon Institute of Technology.[138] The OHSU site was formerly that of the Oregon Graduate Institute (now OGI School of Science and Engineering) and the Oregon National Primate Research Center portions of OHSU. HP Pavilion dv6-2010sa CPU Fan

The OHSU and OIT campuses are located in the Tanasbourne neighborhood. Pacific University operates a satellite Health Professions Campus in downtown adjacent to Tuality Community Hospital.[64] Other educational opportunities are available at the Work Force Training Center (Capital Center) and a branch of the University of Phoenix, both located in Tanasbourne. Toshiba Satellite A40-702 CPU Fan

Hillsboro is home to private primary and secondary schools including Faith Bible High School, St. Matthew Catholic School, Tualatin Valley Academy, Swallowtail School, and Renaissance Alternative School, among others.

Public transportation is available by bus and light rail, managed by regional transit agency TriMet.[64] SONY Vaio VGN-AR21B CPU Fan

The first MAX light rail line, now known as the Blue Line, was extended to serve Hillsboro on September 12, 1998.[140] The western terminus is located downtown. The Willow Creek and Hillsboro transit centers (TC) are the main hubs of the public transit system, although seven other MAX stations provide varying degrees of bus interconnection. SONY Vaio VPC-EB3E1E/PI CPU Fan

MAX Stations (west to east) are theHatfield Government Center, Hillsboro Central TC, Tuality Hospital, Washington/Southeast 12th Avenue, Fair Complex / Hillsboro Airport, Hawthorn Farm, Orenco, Quatama, and Willow Creek TC. Located next to the Tuality Hospital station is theHillsboro Intermodal Transit Facility, SONY Vaio VPC-EB3E1E/WI CPU Fan

which opened in 2010 and was jointly paid for by the hospital, Pacific University, and the city.[141] The facility is primarily a parking garage, but includes lockers and showers for bicyclists along withelectric vehicle charging stations.[142]

Freight rail service from Portland and Western Railroad with interconnections to the BNSF SONY Vaio VGN-FS660/W CPU Fan

Railway and the Union Pacific Railroad both serve Hillsboro.[143] The city is not served by passenger rail service over a heavy-rail line.[61] Air travel is available at the Hillsboro Airport in the center of the city and at Stark's Twin Oaks Airpark, a general aviation field south of the city. The Hillsboro Airport is a general aviation airport operated by the Port of Portland, HP Pavilion G61-631NR CPU Fan

and is the second-busiest airport in the state after Portland International Airport.[144] The airport mainly serves private pilots and corporate flights, with no scheduled airline flights from its two runways, but does have an on-call customs service.[61][145]

Oregon Route 8, known locally as the Tualatin Valley Highway (TV Highway), is the primary east–west highway.[75] HP Pavilion dv6560el CPU Fan

U.S. Route 26, also known as the Sunset Highway, bisects the northeast corner of the city. Other major east–west roads are Cornell Road and Main Street / Baseline Road.[61] Major north–south routes are Oregon Route 219 / 1st Street, 10th Street / Cornell Road, Cornelius Pass Road, and Brookwood.[61] HP Pavilion dv6-2128ca CPU Fan

The easternmost north–south route, 185th Avenue, borders Beaverton and runs between the Tanasbourne Town Center and the rest of Hillsboro. TV Highway connects to Cornelius and Forest Grove to the west and Beaverton to the east.

Hospital services in the city are provided by Tuality Community Hospital in the downtown area of the city.[64] HP Pavilion dv7-3004el CPU Fan

Opened in 1918 as the city's first hospital,[146]the 167-bed facility is operated by Tuality Healthcare. Other significant medical facilities include Kaiser Permanente's Sunset Medical Office and Providence Health & Services' immediate care center, both in the Tanasbourne neighborhood. Kaiser Permanente received approval in 2007 to build a hospital at the site of its existing medical office in Tanasbourne.[147] HP Pavilion dv7-4050ev CPU Fan

Estimated to cost $242 million, the Kaiser Westside Medical Center will start with 126 beds with a planned capacity of 174 beds when fully built.[148] The Department of Veterans Affairs opened a medical clinic in the Tanasbourne area in 2008. HP G42-367TU CPU Fan

For more than 150 years, the city has had residents as varied as David Hill, the city's founder, to Tiffeny Milbrett, an Olympic and World Cup champion soccer player.[150] Two governors of Oregon, James Withycombe and Paul L. Patterson, have called the city home.[151] Other politicians included Congressmen Thomas H. HP Pavilion dv5-1172el CPU Fan

Tongue and Samuel Thurston; mayors William N. Barrett, Benjamin P. Cornelius, and William D. Hare, patriarch of the Hare political family.[46] Athletes include Erik Ainge, Scott Brosius, Ad Rutschman, Wes Schulmerich, Wally Backman, and Olympic medalists Josh Inman, Thomas Garrigus, and Jean Saubert. Hillsboro has also been home to Peggy Y. Fowler, Toshiba Satellite A105-S4084 CPU Fan

the former chief executive officer of Portland General Electric, producer Bryce Zabel, the "Mother Queen of Oregon" Mary Ramsey Wood, Tommy Overstreet, and professional wrestler Roddy Piper.

Hillsboro's only sister city relationship is with Fukuroi,[153] a city of about 85,000 residents in the Shizuoka Prefecture in central Japan. HP Pavilion dv4-1038tx CPU Fan

The cities, which have similar economic bases in agriculture and high technology, began their relationship in November 1988.[154] The relationship has included exchanges of students between schools in each city.[155] In the late 2000s decade, Hillsboro unsuccessfully explored finding a sister city in Mexico[156] and also neglected the relationship with Fukuroi.[157] HP Pavilion dv7-3060sb CPU Fan

However, in 2008, a Fukuroi contingent of adults visited Hillsboro to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the Sister City agreement, and a youth contingent is visiting in 2009.

Portland International Airport (IATA: PDX, ICAO: KPDX, FAA LID: PDX) is a joint civil-military airport and the largest airport in the U.S. state of Oregon, accounting for 90% of passenger travel and more than 95% of air cargo of the state.[2] HP Pavilion dv7-6055sf CPU Fan

It is located within Portland's city limits just south of the Columbia River in Multnomah County, six miles by air and twelve miles by highway northeast of downtown Portland. Portland International Airport is often referred to by its IATA airport code, PDX.

PDX has direct connections to major airport hubs throughout the United States, plus non-stop international flights to Canada, Japan, and the Netherlands. SONY VGN-CS108D  CPU Fan

It is a hub for United Express affiliate SkyWest Airlines for flights to smaller cities in Oregon and California. The airport is a major hub for Alaska Airlines and Horizon Air, and serves as a maintenance facility for Horizon Air. Small regional carrier SeaPort Airlines is headquartered and operates its Pacific Northwest hub at PDX. General aviation services are provided at PDX by Flightcraft. DELL XPS M170 CPU Fan

The Oregon Air National Guard has a base located on the southwest portion of the grounds, the host unit of which is the 142d Fighter Wing(142 FW) flying the F-15 Eagle. Local transportation includes light rail on the MAX Red Line and Interstate 205.

The main terminal consists of one building roughly "H"-shaped and is divided into five concourses. HP Pavilion G72-b15SV CPU Fan

Concourses A, B, and C are on the south side of the terminal and concourses D and E are on the north; the two sides are connected beyond security checkpoints by a walkway opened in August 2005.[3] PDX offers services including free Wi-Fi wireless Internet access, a children's play area, and postal services. HP G62-120ES CPU Fan

PDX has a shopping mall behind its ticketing counters, with all shops and restaurants open every day. Because the state is one of the few in the nation with no sales tax, all stores offer tax-free shopping. The Port of Portlandalso requires all airport shops and restaurants to practice fair retail pricing—businesses are not allowed to charge more than at off-airport locations.HP Pavilion dv6-3034ss   CPU   Fan

Stores include national stores and Oregon-based ones such as Made in Oregon,Nike, Columbia Sportswear, Powell's Books, Oregon Pendleton Shop, and The Real Mother Goose among others.[4] Food services also are a mix of national chains and local options.

In 2008, PDX handled 14,299,234 passengers and had non-stop commercial air service to 16 of the 17 most populated US Metropolitan Statistical Areas.[5] HP Pavilion dv7-3165ef  CPU Fan

There was an average of 1.2 million passengers on 17,600 commercial flight operations per month.[5] The airport also handled 19,500 short tons of air freight per month.

In 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2010, PDX was identified as the top airport for business travelers in the United States byCondé Nast Traveler magazine.[6][7] HP X16-1000 Series CPU Fan

The Condé Nast ranking was based upon criteria including location and access, ease of connections, food, shops, amenities, comfort and design, and perceived safety and security; PDX received the top overall score, and the magazine noted the airport’s environmentally friendly initiatives, including the airport's use of solar panels for power, its connection to the MAX Light Rail, and its recycling of its restaurants' used oil and grease. IBM ThinkPad Z61m  CPU Fan

In 2008, a J.D. Power study contradicted the magazine's assessment, ranking the airport 19th in overall airport satisfaction out of 21 U.S. airports with from 10 to 30 million passengers per year. It scored PDX average in the categories of check-in/baggage check, security check, and baggage claims. ACER Aspire One D250 CPU Fan

It also scored at the bottom of several categories, including overall airport satisfaction, airport accessibility, terminal facilities and food and retail services.

Portland Airport has five concourses (A, B, C, D, E) as well as a business aviation terminal. In addition, a dedicated facility handles cargo operations. Airport Lounges are available from Alaska Airlines, Delta and United. ACER Ferrari 4000 CPU Fan

Concourses A and B are given mostly to Alaska Airlines and Horizon Air. Alaska is Portland's largest carrier.

The international section of Concourse D was renamed the Governor Victor G. Atiyeh International Concourse to honor former Oregon Governor Victor G. Atiyeh, who was also known as "Trader Vic" for launching international tourism and trade initiatives during his term as Oregon Governor.[9] HP G42-367TU CPU Fan

Note: All international arrivals (except flights from cities with customs preclearance) are handled at the far end of Concourse D, regardless of their departure terminal.

Portland's main airport has been in two other incarnations. The first was on Swan Island,[16] now used by the Port of Portland for industrial parks,[17] and the second was the 1940s–1950s configuration on the present site known as the "super airport".[18] Toshiba Satellite L350-146 CPU Fan

The third and present configuration was first known as "The International", but is now known as PDX in all common and most official usage.

In 1925 aviation proponents proposed an airport for Portland on Swan Island, northwest of downtown Portland on the Willamette River. HP Pavilion dv8335ea CPU Fan

The Port of Portland purchased 256 acres (104 ha) and construction began in 1926. Although the airport wasn't completed until 1930, Charles Lindbergh flew in and dedicated the new airfield in 1927.

By 1935 it was becoming apparent to the Port of Portland that the Swan Island Airport was becoming obsolete.[16] Dell Vostro 3400 CPU Fan

The small airfield couldn't easily be expanded, nor could it accommodate the larger aircraft and passenger loads expected to become common to Portland. Plans immediately were conceived to relocate the outdated airfield to a larger site.

Swan Island Airport was officially named Portland Airport until the opening of the new airport. APPLE MG62090V1-Q020-S99 CPU Fan

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