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Julie Andrews

Dame Julia Elizabeth Andrews, DBE (née Wells;[1] born 1 October 1935)[2] is an English film and stage actress, singer, and author. She is the recipient of Golden Globe, Emmy, Grammy, BAFTA, People's Choice Award, Theatre World Award, Screen Actors Guild and Academy Award honours. In 2000 she was made a Dame for services to the performing arts by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace. HP Pavilion dv3-2020tx Keyboard

Andrews is a former child actress and singer who appeared on the West End in 1948, and made her Broadway debut in a 1954 production of The Boy Friend, and rose to prominence starring in musicals such as My Fair Lady and Camelot, both of which earned her Tony Award nominations. In 1957, she appeared on television with the title role in Cinderella, which was seen by over 100 million viewers. HP Pavilion dv3-2021tx Keyboard

Andrews made her feature film debut in Mary Poppins in 1964, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She received her second Academy Award nomination for The Sound of Music in 1965. The two roles for which she is still best-known, adjusted for inflation, are the 3rd and 25th highest grossing films of all time, respectively.[3] HP Pavilion dv3-2022tx Keyboard

In the 1970s, Andrews' film career slowed down following the commercial disappointments of Star!, Darling Lili, and The Tamarind Seed. She returned to prominence with the critical and commercial successes of 10 (1979) and Victor Victoria(1982), for which she received her third Academy Award nomination. HP Pavilion dv3-2023tx Keyboard

During the remainder of the 1980s, Andrews starred in critically acclaimed but commercially unsuccessful films such as That's Life! and Duet for One, before her career went into eclipse in the 1990s. HP Pavilion dv3-2024tx Keyboard

Andrews' film career had a major revival in the 2000s with the successes of The Princess Diaries (2001), its sequel The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement (2004), the Shrek animated films (2004–2010), and Despicable Me (2010). Her voice, which originally spanned four octaves, was damaged by a throat operation in 1997. HP Pavilion dv3-2025ee Keyboard

In 2003 Andrews revisited her first Broadway success, this time as a stage director, with a revival of The Boy Friend at the Bay Street Theatre, Sag Harbor, New York (and later at the Goodspeed Opera House, in East Haddam, Connecticut in 2005). HP Pavilion dv3-2025eg Keyboard

Early life

Julia Elizabeth Wells was born on 1 October 1935 in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, England.[4] Her mother, Barbara Ward Wells (née Morris), was married to Edward Charles "Ted" Wells, a teacher of metalwork and woodwork, but Andrews was conceived as a result of an affair her mother had with a family friend.[5][6] HP Pavilion dv3-2025tx Keyboard

With the outbreak of World War II, Barbara and Ted Wells went their separate ways. Ted Wells assisted with evacuating children to Surrey during the Blitz, while Barbara joined Ted Andrews in entertaining the troops through the Entertainments National Service Association (ENSA). HP Pavilion dv3-2026tx Keyboard

Barbara and Ted Wells were soon divorced. They both remarried: Barbara to Ted Andrews, in 1939; and Ted Wells to a former hairstylist working a lathe at a war work factory that employed them both inHinchley Wood, Surrey.[7][8] HP Pavilion dv3-2027ee Keyboard

Andrews lived briefly with Ted Wells and her brother John in Surrey. In about 1940, Ted Wells sent her to live with her mother and stepfather, who, the elder Wells thought, would be better able to provide for his talented daughter's artistic training. HP Pavilion dv3-2027tx Keyboard

According to her 2008 autobiography Home, while Julie had been used to calling Ted Andrews "Uncle Ted", her mother suggested it would be more appropriate to refer to her stepfather as "Pop", while her father remained "Dad" or "Daddy" to her. Julie disliked this change. HP Pavilion dv3-2028tx Keyboard

The Andrews family was "very poor and we lived in a bad slum area of London," Andrews recalled, adding, "That was a very black period in my life." In addition, according to Andrews' 2008 memoir, her stepfather was an alcoholic. Ted Andrews twice, while drunk, tried to get into bed with his stepdaughter, HP Pavilion dv3-2029tx Keyboard

resulting in Andrews putting a lock on her door.[9] But, as the stage career of Ted and Barbara Andrews improved, they were able to afford to move to better surroundings, first to Beckenham and then, as the war ended, back to the Andrews' home town of Hersham. HP Pavilion dv3-2030ef Keyboard

The Andrews family took up residence at the Old Meuse, in West Grove, Hersham, a house (now demolished) where Andrews' maternal grandmother had served as a maid.[8] HP Pavilion dv3-2030ei Keyboard

Andrews' stepfather sponsored lessons for her, first at the Cone-Ripman School, an independent arts educational school in London, then with concert soprano and voice instructor Madame Lilian Stiles-Allen. "She had an enormous influence on me", Andrews said of Stiles-Allen, adding, "HP Pavilion dv3-2030ek Keyboard

She was my third mother – I've got more mothers and fathers than anyone in the world." In her memoir Julie Andrews – My Star Pupil, Stiles-Allen records: "The range, accuracy and tone of Julie's voice amazed me ... she had possessed the rare gift of absolute pitch"[10] (though Andrews herself refutes this in her 2008 autobiography Home).[7][11]HP Pavilion dv3-2030eo Keyboard

According to Andrews: "Madame was sure that I could do Mozart and Rossini, but, to be honest, I never was".[12] Of her own voice, she says "I had a very pure, white, thin voice, a four-octave range – dogs would come for miles around."[12] After Cone-Ripman School, Andrews continued her academic education at the nearby Woodbrook School, a local state school in Beckenham.[13] HP Pavilion dv3-2030ez Keyboard

Early career in the United Kingdom

Julie Andrews performed spontaneously and unbilled on stage with her parents for about two years beginning in 1945. "Then came the day when I was told I must go to bed in the afternoon because I was going to be allowed to sing with Mummy and Pop in the evening," HP Pavilion dv3-2030tx Keyboard

Andrews explained. She would stand on a beer crate to reach the mic and sing, sometimes a solo or as a duet with her stepfather, while her mother played piano. "It must have been ghastly, but it seemed to go down all right."[14][15] HP Pavilion dv3-2032tx Keyboard

Julie Andrews got her big break when her stepfather introduced her to Val Parnell, whose Moss Empires controlled prominent venues in London. Andrews made her professional solo debut at the London Hippodrome singing the difficult aria "Je Suis Titania" from Mignon as part of a musical revue called "Starlight Roof" on 22 October 1947. HP Pavilion dv3-2033eg Keyboard

She played the Hippodrome for one year.[7][16] Andrews recalled "Starlight Roof" saying, "There was this wonderful American person and comedian,Wally Boag, who made balloon animals. He would say, 'Is there any little girl or boy in the audience who would like one of these?'HP Pavilion dv3-2033tx Keyboard

And I would rush up onstage and say, 'I'd like one, please.' And then he would chat to me and I'd tell him I sang... I was fortunate in that I absolutely stopped the show cold. I mean, the audience went crazy."[17] HP Pavilion dv3-2034tx Keyboard

On 1 November 1948, Julie Andrews became the youngest solo performer ever to be seen in a Royal Command Variety Performance, at the London Palladium, where she performed along with Danny Kaye, the Nicholas Brothers and the comedy team George and Bert Bernard for members of King George VI's family.[18][19] HP Pavilion dv3-2035tx Keyboard

Julie Andrews followed her parents into radio and television.[20] She reportedly made her television debut on the BBC programme RadiOlympia Showtime on 8 October 1949.[21] She garnered considerable fame throughout the United Kingdom for her work on the BBC radio comedy show Educating Archie; she was a cast member from 1950 to 1952.[19] HP Pavilion dv3-2036tx Keyboard

Andrews appeared on West End theatre at the London Casino, where she played one year each as Princess Badroulbadour in Aladdin and the egg in Humpty Dumpty. She also appeared on provincial stages across United Kingdom in Jack and the Beanstalk and Little Red Riding Hood, as well as starring as the lead role inCinderella.[20] HP Pavilion dv3-2050ea Keyboard

In 1950 at the age of 14, Andrews was asked to sing at a party of a family friend, Katherine Norwalk, and it was then that she learned that Ted Wells was not her biological father. HP Pavilion dv3-2050ec Keyboard

Early career in the United States

On 30 September 1954 on the eve of her 19th birthday, Julie Andrews made her Broadway debut portraying "Polly Browne" in the already highly successful London musical The Boy Friend.[2] To the critics, Andrews was the stand-out performer in the show.[22]HP Pavilion dv3-2050eo Keyboard

Near the end of her Boy Friend contract, Andrews was asked to audition for My Fair Lady on Broadway and got the part.[23] In November 1955 Andrews was signed to appear with Bing Crosby in what is regarded as the first made-for-television film, High Tor.[24] HP Pavilion dv3-2050ep Keyboard

Andrews auditioned for a part in the Richard Rodgers musical Pipe Dream. Although Rodgers wanted her for Pipe Dream, he advised her to take the part in theFrederick Loewe and Alan Jay Lerner musical My Fair Lady if it were offered to her. In 1956, she appeared on stage in My Fair Lady as Eliza Doolittle to Rex Harrison's Henry Higgins. HP Pavilion dv3-2050es Keyboard

Rodgers was so impressed with Andrews' talent that concurrent with her run in My Fair Lady, she was featured in the Rodgers and Hammerstein television musical, Cinderella.[22]Cinderella was broadcast live on CBS on 31 March 1957 under the musical direction of Alfredo Antonini and attracted an estimated 107 million viewers.[25][26] HP Pavilion dv3-2050ev Keyboard

Andrews married set designer Tony Walton on 10 May 1959 in Weybridge, Surrey. They had first met in 1948 when Andrews was appearing at the London Casino in the show Humpty Dumpty. The couple filed for a divorce on 14 November 1967.[19][27] HP Pavilion dv3-2050ew Keyboard

Between 1958 and 1962, Andrews appeared on such specials as CBS-TV's The Fabulous Fifties and NBC-TV's The Broadway of Lerner & Loewe. In addition to guest starring on The Ed Sullivan Show, she also appeared on The Dinah Shore Chevy Show, What's My Line?, The Jack Benny Program, HP Pavilion dv3-2051ea Keyboard

The Bell Telephone Hour, and The Garry Moore Show. In June 1962 Andrews co-starred in Julie and Carol at Carnegie Hall, a CBS special with Carol Burnett. HP Pavilion dv3-2055ea Keyboard

In 1960 Lerner and Loewe again cast her in a period musical as Queen Guinevere in Camelot, with Richard Burton and newcomer Robert Goulet. However film studio head Jack Warner decided Andrews lacked sufficient name recognition for her casting in the film version of My Fair Lady; HP Pavilion dv3-2060ea Keyboard

Eliza was played by the established film actress Audrey Hepburn instead. As Warner later recalled, the decision was easy, "In my business I have to know who brings people and their money to a cinema box office. Audrey Hepburn had never made a financial flop."[28] HP Pavilion dv3-2060ek Keyboard

Andrews and her husband headed back to Britain in September 1962 to await the birth of daughter Emma Katherine Walton, who was born in London two months later.[29] HP Pavilion dv3-2070es Keyboard

In 1963, Andrews began her work in the title role of Disney's musical film Mary Poppins. Walt Disney had seen a performance of Camelot and thought Andrews would be perfect for the role of the British nanny who is "practically perfect in every way!". Andrews initially declined because of pregnancy, but Disney politely insisted, saying, "We'll wait for you."[30] HP Pavilion dv3-2080eo Keyboard

Mary Poppins became the biggest hit in Disney history. Andrews won the 1964 Academy Award for Best Actress and the 1965Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for her performance. She and her co-stars also won the 1965 Grammy Award for Best Album for Children. HP Pavilion dv3-2090ej Keyboard

As a measure of "sweet revenge," as Poppins songwriter Richard M. Shermanput it, Andrews closed her acceptance speech at the Golden Globes by saying, "And, finally, my thanks to a man who made a wonderful movie and who made all this possible in the first place, Mr. Jack Warner."[30]HP Pavilion dv3-2090en Keyboard

Warner Bros. passed over Andrews in favour of Audrey Hepburn for the starring role of Eliza Doolittle in My Fair Lady.[31]

In 1964, Andrews starred opposite James Garner in The Americanization of Emily (1964), which she has described as her favourite film.[32] HP Pavilion dv3-2100 Keyboard

In 1965, Andrews starred in The Sound of Music, which was the highest-grossing film of the year and was the biggest hit in20th Century Fox history.[33] As of 2012, it is the 3rd highest-grossing film of all time.[3]HP Pavilion dv3-2101tu Keyboard

For her performance as Maria Von Trapp, Andrews won her second Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy and was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. HP Pavilion dv3-2101tx Keyboard

After completing The Sound Of Music, Andrews appeared as a guest star on the NBC-TV variety series The Andy Williams Show, which gained her an Emmy nomination.[34] HP Pavilion dv3-2102tu Keyboard

She followed this television appearance with an Emmy Award-winning color special, The Julie Andrews Show, which featured Gene Kelly and the New Christy Minstrels as guests. It aired on NBC-TV in November 1965. HP Pavilion dv3-2102tx Keyboard

In 1966, Andrews starred in Hawaii. It became the highest grossing film of 1966.[35]

Also in 1966, she starred opposite Paul Newman in Torn Curtain, which was directed by Alfred Hitchcock. The following year, she played the eponymous character in Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967), for which she received a Golden Globe nomination. HP Pavilion dv3-2103tu Keyboard

At the time, Thoroughly Modern Millie and Torn Curtain were the biggest and second biggest hits in Universal Pictures history, respectively.

By the end of 1967, after six hit films in a row, Andrews was the world's most successful film star. HP Pavilion dv3-2103tx Keyboard

Andrews next appeared in two of Hollywood's most expensive and infamous flops: Star!, a 1968 biopic of Gertrude Lawrence, andDarling Lili (1970), co-starring Rock Hudson and directed by her soon-to-be second husband, Blake Edwards (they married in 1969). HP Pavilion dv3-2105ee Keyboard

The couple stayed married for 41 years until Edwards' death in 2010.[36] She made only two other films in the 1970s,The Tamarind Seed (1974) and 10 (1979). HP Pavilion dv3-2106tu Keyboard

In the 1970s, Edwards and Andrews adopted two daughters; Amy in 1974 and Joanna in 1975.[37][38] Edwards' children from a previous marriage, Jennifer and Geoffrey, were 3 and 5 years older than Emma, Andrews' daughter with Tony Walton.[39] HP Pavilion dv3-2105tu Keyboard

Andrews continued working in television. In 1969, she shared the spotlight with singer Harry Belafonte for an NBC-TV special,An Evening with Julie Andrews and Harry Belafonte. In 1971 she appeared as a guest for the Grand Opening Special of Walt Disney World, and that same year she and Carol Burnett headlined a CBS special, Julie and Carol At Lincoln Center. HP Pavilion dv3-2107tu Keyboard

In 1972–73, Andrews starred in her own television variety series, The Julie Andrews Hour, on the ABC network. The show won seven Emmy Awards, but was cancelled after one season. Between 1973 and 1975, Andrews continued her association with ABC by headlining five variety specials for the network. HP Pavilion dv3-2107tx Keyboard

She guest-starred on The Muppet Show in 1977, and the following year, she appeared again with the Muppets on a CBS television variety special. The programme, Julie Andrews: One Step Into Spring, aired in March 1978, to mixed reviews and mediocre ratings. In February 1980, Andrews headlined "Because We Care", HP Pavilion dv3-2108tu Keyboard

a CBS-TV special with 30 major stars raising funds for Cambodian Famine victims. Later that year, she starred in the film Little Miss Marker. HP Pavilion dv3-2110er Keyboard

In 1981, she appeared in Blake Edwards' S.O.B. (1981) in which she played Sally Miles, a character who agrees to "show my boobies" in a scene in the film-within-a-film. That was Andrews's first on-screen nude scene and got much attention as she poked fun at her own squeaky clean image. HP Pavilion dv3-2110eg Keyboard

In 1982, Andrews played a dual role of Victoria Grant and Count Victor Grezhinski in the film Victor Victoria. Her performance earned her a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, as well as a nomination for the 1982 Academy Award for Best Actress, her third Oscar nomination.[2][40] HP Pavilion dv3-2110es Keyboard

In 1983, Andrews was chosen as the Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year by the Harvard University Theatrical Society.[41] That year, she co-starred with Burt Reynoldsin The Man Who Loved Women. Her next two films were That's Life! and Duet for One, both of which were released in 1986 and earned her Golden Globe nominations. HP Pavilion dv3-2110tx Keyboard

In December 1987, Andrews starred in an ABC Christmas special, Julie Andrews: The Sound Of Christmas, which went on to win five Emmy Awards. Two years later, she was reunited for the third time with Carol Burnett for a variety special which aired on ABC in December 1989. HP Pavilion dv3-2111tx Keyboard

In 1991, Andrews made her television dramatic debut in the ABC made-for-TV film, Our Sons, co-starring Ann-Margret. Andrews was named a Disney Legend within the year. HP Pavilion dv3-2112tx Keyboard

In the summer of 1992 Andrews starred in her first television sitcom, Julie, which aired on ABC and co-starred James Farentino. In December 1992 she hosted theNBC holiday special, Christmas In Washington. HP Pavilion dv3-2113tx Keyboard

In 1993, she starred in a limited run at the Manhattan Theatre Club in the American premiere of Stephen Sondheim's revue, Putting It Together. Between 1994 and 1995 Andrews recorded two solo albums – the first saluted the music of Richard Rodgers and the second paid tribute to the words of Alan Jay Lerner. HP Pavilion dv3-2114tx Keyboard

In 1995, she starred in the stage musical version of Victor/Victoria. It was her first appearance in a Broadway show in 35 years. Opening on Broadway on 25 October 1995 at the Marquis Theatre, it later went on the road on a world tour. HP Pavilion dv3-2115ea Keyboard

When she was the only Tony Award nominee for the production, she declined the nomination saying that she could not accept because she felt the entire production was snubbed.[42] HP Pavilion dv3-2115ee Keyboard

Andrews was forced to quit the show towards the end of the Broadway run in 1997 when she developed vocal problems. She subsequently underwent surgery to remove non-cancerous nodules from her throat and was left unable to sing.[2] In 1999 she filed a malpractice suit against the doctors at New York's Mount Sinai Hospital, HP Pavilion dv3-2116tx Keyboard

including Dr. Scott Kessler and Dr. Jeffrey Libin, who had operated on her throat. Originally, the doctors assured Andrews that she should regain her voice within six weeks, but Andrews' stepdaughter Jennifer Edwards said in 1999 "it's been two years, and it [her singing voice] still hasn't returned."[43] The lawsuit was settled in September 2000.[44] HP Pavilion dv3-2117tx Keyboard

Despite the loss of her singing voice, she kept busy with many projects. In 1998, she appeared in a stage production of Dr. Dolittle in London. HP Pavilion dv3-2119tx Keyboard

As recounted on the Julie Andrews website, she performed the voice of Polynesia the parrot and "recorded some 700 sentences and sounds, which were placed on a computer chip that sat in the mechanical bird's mouth. In the song "Talk To The Animals," Polynesia the parrot even sings." HP Pavilion dv3-2120ea Keyboard

The next year Andrews was reunited with James Garner for the CBS made-for-TV film, One Special Night, which aired in November 1999. HP Pavilion dv3-2120ss Keyboard

In the 2000 New Year Honours List, Andrews was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) for services to the performing arts by QueenElizabeth II at Buckingham Palace.[45][46] HP Pavilion dv3-2121tx Keyboard

In 2002, Andrews was among the guests at the Queen's Golden Jubilee Hollywood party held at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel.[47] She also appears at No.59 on the 2002 poll of the "100 Greatest Britons" sponsored by the BBC and chosen by the British public.[48] HP Pavilion dv3-2122tx Keyboard

In 2001, Andrews received Kennedy Center Honors. The same year she reunited with Sound of Music co-star Christopher Plummer in a live television performance ofOn Golden Pond (an adaptation of the 1979 play). HP Pavilion dv3-2123tx Keyboard

Career revival

In 2001, Andrews appeared in The Princess Diaries, her first Disney film since 1964's Mary Poppins. She starred as Queen Clarisse Marie Renaldi and reprised the role in a sequel, The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement (2004). In The Princess Diaries 2, Andrews sang on film for the first time since having throat surgery. HP Pavilion dv3-2125ee Keyboard

The song, "Your Crowning Glory" (a duet with Teen idol Raven-Symoné), was set in a limited range of an octave to accommodate her recovering voice.[49]The film's music supervisor, Dawn Soler, recalled that Andrews, "nailed the song on the first take. I looked around and I saw grips with tears in their eyes."[49] HP Pavilion dv3-2126tx Keyboard

Andrews continued her association with Disney when she appeared as the nanny in two 2003 made-for-television films based on the Eloise books, a series of children's books by Kay Thompson about a child who lives in the Plaza Hotel in New York City. Eloise at the Plaza premiered in April 2003, HP Pavilion dv3-2127tx Keyboard

and Eloise at Christmastime was broadcast in November 2003. The same year she made her debut as a theatre director, directing a revival of The Boy Friend, the musical in which she made her 1954 Broadway debut, at the Bay Street Theatre in Sag Harbor, New York. HP Pavilion dv3-2128tx Keyboard

Her production, which featured costume and scenic design by her former husband Tony Walton, was remounted at the Goodspeed Opera House in 2005 and went on a national tour in 2006. HP Pavilion dv3-2129tx Keyboard

From 2005 to 2006 Andrews served as the Official Ambassador for Disneyland's 18-month-long, 50th anniversary celebration, the "Happiest Homecoming on Earth", travelling to promote the celebration, and recording narration and appearing at several events at the park. HP Pavilion dv3-2130ea Keyboard

In 2004 Andrews performed the voice of Queen Lillian in the animated blockbuster Shrek 2 (2004), reprising the role for its sequels, Shrek the Third (2007) andShrek Forever After (2010). Later, in 2007, she narrated Enchanted, a live-action Disney musical comedy that both poked fun and paid homage to classic Disney films such as Mary Poppins. HP Pavilion dv3-2130ef Keyboard

In 2004, she also was the host/narrator of "Broadway: The American Musical", a six part PBS documentary series about the history of Musical Theater in America. HP Pavilion dv3-2130ei Keyboard

In January 2007 Andrews was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Screen Actors Guild's awards and stated that her goals included continuing to direct for the stage and possibly to produce her own Broadway musical.[40] She published Home: HP Pavilion dv3-2130el Keyboard

A Memoir of My Early Years, which she characterised as "part one" of her autobiography, on 1 April 2008. Home chronicles her early years in Britain's music hall circuit and ends in 1962 with her winning the role of Mary Poppins. For a Walt Disney video release she again portrayed Mary Poppins and narrated the story of The Cat That Looked at a King in 2004. HP Pavilion dv3-2130es Keyboard

In July through early August 2008, Andrews hosted Julie Andrews' The Gift of Music, a short tour of the United States[50] where she sang various Rodgers and Hammerstein songs and symphonised her recently published book, Simeon's Gift. These were her first public singing performances in a dozen years, due to her failed vocal cord surgery.[51] HP Pavilion dv3-2130ez Keyboard

On 8 May 2009, Andrews received the honorary George and Ira Gershwin Award for Lifetime Achievement in Music at the annual UCLA Spring Sing competition inPauley Pavilion. Receiving the award she remarked, "Go Bruins. Beat SC ... strike up the band to celebrate every one of those victories." HP Pavilion dv3-2131tx Keyboard


In January 2010, Andrews was the official USA presenter of the New Year's Day Vienna concert.[52] This was her second appearance in this role, after presenting the previous year's concert.[53] Andrews also had a supporting role in the film Tooth Fairy, which opened to unfavourable reviews[54] although the box office receipts were successful.[55] On her promotion tour for the film, she also spoke of Operation USA and the aid campaign to the Haiti disaster.[56] HP Pavilion dv3-2133tx Keyboard

On 8 May 2010, Andrews made her London comeback after a 21-year absence (her last performance there was a Christmas concert at the Royal Festival Hall in 1989). She performed at the O2 Arena, accompanied by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and an ensemble of five performers.[57]HP Pavilion dv3-2135tx Keyboard

Previous to it she appeared on British television (on 15 December 2009 and on many other occasions), and said that rumours that she would be singing were not true. Instead, she said she would be doing a form of "speak singing".[58]HP Pavilion dv3-2136tx Keyboard

However in the concert she actually sang two solos and several duets and ensemble pieces. The evening, though well received by the 20,000 fans present, who gave her standing ovation after standing ovation,[59] did not convince the critics.[60] HP Pavilion dv3-2137tx Keyboard

On 18 May 2010, Andrews' 23rd book (this one also written with her daughter Emma) was published. In June 2010 the book, entitled The Very Fairy Princess, reached number 1 on the New York Times Best Seller List for Children's Books.[61] HP Pavilion dv3-2138tx Keyboard

On 21 May 2010, her film Shrek Forever After was released; in it Andrews reprises her role as the Queen.[62]

On 9 July 2010, Despicable Me, an animated film in which Andrews lent her voice to Marlena, the thoughtless and soul-crushing mother of the main character Gru, voiced by Steve Carell), opened to rave reviews[63] and strong box office.[64] HP Pavilion dv3-2139tx Keyboard

On 28 October 2010, Andrews appeared, along with the actors who portrayed the cinematic Von Trapp family members, on Oprah to commemorate the film's 45th anniversary.[65][66] A few days later, her 24th book, Little Bo in Italy, was published.[67] HP Pavilion dv3-2140ei Keyboard

On 15 December 2010, Andrews' husband Blake Edwards died at the age of 88, of complications of pneumonia at the Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California. Andrews was by her husband's side when he died.[68][69] HP Pavilion dv3-2140eo Keyboard

In February 2011, Andrews received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and, with her daughter Emma, a Grammy for best spoken word album for children (for A Collection of Poems, Songs and Lullabies), at the 53rd Grammy Awards ceremony.[70][71] HP Pavilion dv3-2144tx Keyboard

Many of the earliest white rock and roll hits were covers or partial re-writes of earlier black rhythm and blues or blues songs. Through the late 1940s and early 1950s, R&B music had been gaining a stronger beat and a wilder style, with artists such as Fats Domino and Johnny Otis speeding up the tempos and increasing the backbeat to great popularity on the juke joint circuit.[47] HP Pavilion dv3-2145tx Keyboard

Before the efforts of Freed and others, black music was taboo on many white-owned radio outlets, but artists and producers quickly recognized the potential of rock and roll.[48] Most of Presley's early hits were covers of black rhythm and blues or blues songs, HP Pavilion dv3-2146tx Keyboard

like "That's All Right" (a countrified arrangement of a blues number), its flip side "Blue Moon of Kentucky", "Baby Let's Play House", "Lawdy Miss Clawdy" and "Hound Dog".[49] HP Pavilion dv3-2147tx Keyboard

Covers were customary in the music industry at the time; it was made particularly easy by the compulsory license provision ofUnited States copyright law (still in effect).[50] One of the first relevant successful covers was Wynonie Harris's transformation of Roy Brown's 1947 original jump blues hit "Good Rocking Tonight" into a more showy rocker[51] HP Pavilion dv3-2149tx Keyboard

and the Louis Prima rocker "Oh Babe" in 1950, as well as Amos Milburn's cover of what may have been the first white rock and roll record,Hardrock Gunter's "Birmingham Bounce" in 1949.[52] The most notable trend, however, was white pop covers of black R&B numbers. HP Pavilion dv3-2150ec Keyboard

The more familiar sound of these covers may have been more palatable to white audiences, there may have been an element of prejudice, but labels aimed at the white market also had much better distribution networks and were generally much more profitable.[53HP Pavilion dv3-2150ej Keyboard

]Famously, Pat Boone recorded sanitized versions of Little Richard songs. Later, as those songs became popular, the original artists' recordings received radio play as well.[54] HP Pavilion dv3-2150el Keyboard

The cover versions were not necessarily straightforward imitations. For example, Bill Haley's incompletely bowdlerized cover of "Shake, Rattle and Roll" transformed Big Joe Turner's humorous and racy tale of adult love into an energetic teen dance number,[55]

ang="en-us" xml:lang="en-us">HP Pavilion dv3-2150ep Keyboard

while Georgia Gibbs replaced Etta James's tough, sarcastic vocal in "Roll With Me, Henry" (covered as "Dance With Me, Henry") with a perkier vocal more appropriate for an audience unfamiliar with the song to which James's song was an answer, HP Pavilion dv3-2150es Keyboard

Hank Ballard's "Work With Me, Annie".[56] Elvis' rock and roll version of "Hound Dog" was very different from the blues shouter that Big Mama Thornton had recorded.[57] HP Pavilion dv3-2150ev Keyboard

Commentators have traditionally perceived a decline of rock and roll in the late 1950s and early 1960s.[58][59] By 1959, the death of Buddy Holly, The Big Bopperand Ritchie Valens in a plane crash, the departure of Elvis for the army, the retirement of Little Richard to become a preacher, HP Pavilion dv3-2150tx Keyboard

prosecutions of Jerry Lee Lewisand Chuck Berry, and the breaking of the payola scandal (which implicated major figures, including Alan Freed, in bribery and corruption in promoting individual acts or songs), gave a sense that the initial rock and roll era had come to an end.[31] HP Pavilion dv3-2150us Keyboard

There was also a process that has been described as the "feminisation" of rock and roll, with the charts beginning to be dominated by love ballads, often aimed at a female audience, and the rise of girl groups like The Shirelles andThe Crystals.[60] HP Pavilion dv3-2154ca Keyboard

Some historians of music have pointed to important and innovative developments that built on rock and roll in this period, including multitrack recording, developed by Les Paul, HP Pavilion dv3-2155mx Keyboard

the electronic treatment of sound by such innovators as Joe Meek, and the Wall of Sound productions of Phil Spector, continued desegregation of the charts, the rise of surf music, garage rock and the Twist dance craze.[21] HP Pavilion dv3-2155ee Keyboard

In the 1950s, Britain was well placed to receive American rock and roll music and culture.[61] It shared a common language, had been exposed to American culture through the stationing of troops in the country, and shared many social developments, HP Pavilion dv3-2157cl Keyboard

including the emergence of distinct youth sub-cultures, which in Britain included the Teddy Boys.[62] Trad Jazz became popular, and many of its musicians were influenced by related American styles, including boogie woogie and the blues.[63]HP Pavilion dv3-2160eo Keyboard

Theskiffle craze, led by Lonnie Donegan, utilised amateurish versions of American folk songs and encouraged many of the subsequent generation of rock and roll, folk, R&B and beat musicians to start performing.[64] At the same time British audiences were beginning to encounter American rock and roll, HP Pavilion dv3-2165ee Keyboard

initially through films including Blackboard Jungle (1955) andRock Around the Clock (1955).[65] Both movies contained the Bill Haley & His Comets hit "Rock Around the Clock", which first entered the British charts in early 1955 – four months before it reached the US pop charts – topped the British charts later that year and again in 1956, HP Pavilion dv3-2175ee Keyboard

and helped identify rock and roll with teenage delinquency.[66] American rock and roll acts such as Elvis Presley, Little Richard and Buddy Holly thereafter became major forces in the British charts. HP Pavilion dv3-2300 Keyboard

The initial response of the British music industry was to attempt to produce copies of American records, recorded with session musicians and often fronted by teen idols.[61] More grassroots British rock and rollers soon began to appear, including Wee Willie Harris and Tommy Steele.[61]HP Pavilion dv3-2301tu Keyboard

During this period American Rock and Roll remained dominant; however, in 1958 Britain produced its first "authentic" rock and roll song and star, when Cliff Richard reached number 2 in the charts with "Move It".[67] At the same time, TV shows such as Six-Five Special and Oh Boy! promoted the careers of British rock and rollers like Marty Wilde and Adam Faith.[61]HP Pavilion dv3-2301tx Keyboard

Cliff Richard and his backing band, The Shadows, were the most successful home grown rock and roll based acts of the era.[68] Other leading acts included Billy Fury, Joe Brown, and Johnny Kidd & The Pirates, whose 1960 hit song "Shakin' All Over" became a rock and roll standard.[61] HP Pavilion dv3-2302tx Keyboard

As interest in rock and roll was beginning to subside in America in the late 1950s and early 1960s, it was taken up by groups in major British urban centres like Liverpool, Manchester, Birmingham, and London.[69] About the same time, a British blues scene developed, HP Pavilion dv3-2303tx Keyboard

initially led by purist blues followers such asAlexis Korner and Cyril Davies who were directly inspired by American musicians such as Robert Johnson, Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf.[70] Many groups moved towards the beat music of rock and roll and rhythm and blues from skiffle, HP Pavilion dv3-2304tx Keyboard

like the Quarrymen who became The Beatles, producing a form of rock and roll revivalism that carried them and many other groups to national success from about 1963 and to international success from 1964, known in America as the British Invasion.[71] HP Pavilion dv3-2305tx Keyboard

Groups that followed The Beatles included the beat-influenced Freddie and the Dreamers, Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, Herman's Hermits and theDave Clark Five, and the more blues-influenced The Animals, The Kinks, The Rolling Stones, The Who and The Yardbirds.[72] HP Pavilion dv3-2306tx Keyboard

As the blues became an increasingly significant influence, leading to the creation of the blues-rock of groups like The Moody Blues, Small Faces, The Move, Traffic and Cream, and developing into rock music, the influence of early rock and roll began to subside.[71] HP Pavilion dv3-2307tx Keyboard

Far beyond simply a musical style, rock and roll influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language.[73] In addition, rock and roll may have helped the cause of the civil rights movement because both African American teens and white American teens enjoyed the music.[74] HP Pavilion dv3-2308tx Keyboard

Many early rock and roll songs dealt with issues of cars, school, dating, and clothing. The rock and roll songs described events and conflicts that most listeners could relate to from some point in their lives. Topics that were generally considered taboo, such as sex, began to be introduced in rock and roll music. HP Pavilion dv3-2309tx Keyboard

This new music tried to break boundaries and express the real emotions that people were feeling, but didn't talk about. An awakening in the young American culture began to take place.[13] HP Pavilion dv3-2310ea Keyboard


In the cross-over of African American "race music" to a growing white youth audience, the popularization of rock and roll involved both black performers reaching a white audience and white performers appropriating African American music.[75]HP Pavilion dv3-2310er Keyboard

Rock and roll appeared at a time when racial tensions in the United States were entering a new phase, with the beginnings of the civil rights movement for desegregation, leading to the Supreme Court ruling that abolished the policy of "separate but equal" in 1954, HP Pavilion dv3-2310sw Keyboard

but leaving a policy which would be extremely difficult to enforce in parts of the United States.[76] The coming together of white youth audiences and black music in rock and roll, inevitably provoked strong white racist reactions within the US, with many whites condemning its breaking down of barriers based on color.[74] HP Pavilion dv3-2310tx Keyboard

Many observers saw rock and roll as heralding the way for desegregation, in creating a new form of music that encouraged racial cooperation and shared experience.[77] Many authors have argued that early rock and roll was instrumental in the way both white and black teenagers identified themselves.[78] HP Pavilion dv3-2311tx Keyboard

Several rock historians have claimed that rock and roll was one of the first music genres to define an age group.[79] It gave teenagers a sense of belonging, even when they were alone.[79] Rock and roll is often identified with the emergence of teen culture among the first baby boomer generation, HP Pavilion dv3-2312tx Keyboard

who had both greater relative affluence, leisure and who adopted rock and roll as part of a distinct sub-culture.[80] This involved not just music, absorbed via radio, record buying, jukeboxes and T.V. programs like American Bandstand, but it also extended to film, clothes, hair, cars and motorbikes, and distinctive language. HP Pavilion dv3-2313tx Keyboard

The contrast between parental and youth culture exemplified by rock and roll was a recurring source of concern for older generations, who worried about juvenile delinquency and social rebellion, particularly as to a large extent rock and roll culture was shared by different racial and social groups.[80]HP Pavilion dv3-2314tx Keyboard

In America, that concern was conveyed even in youth cultural artifacts like comic books. In "There's No Love in Rock and Roll" from True Life Romance (1956), a defiant teen dates a rock and roll-loving boy but drops him for one who likes traditional adult music—to her parents' relief.[81] HP Pavilion dv3-2315tx Keyboard

In Britain, where post-war prosperity was more limited, rock and roll culture became attached pre-existing to the Teddy Boymovement, largely working class in origins, and eventually to the longer lasting rockers.[62]HP Pavilion dv3-2316tx Keyboard

Rock and roll has been seen as reorienting popular music towards a teen market, often celebrating teen fashions, as in Carl Perkins' "Blue Suede Shoes" (1956), or Dion and the Belmonts "A Teenager in Love" (1960).[82] HP Pavilion dv3-2317tx Keyboard

From its early-1950s beginning through the early 1960s, rock and roll music spawned new dance crazes.[83] Teenagers found the irregular rhythm of the backbeat especially suited to reviving the jitterbug dancing of the big-band era. "Sock hops", gym dances, HP Pavilion dv3-2318tx Keyboard

and home basement dance parties became the rage, and American teens watched Dick Clark's American Bandstand to keep up on the latest dance and fashion styles.[84] From the mid-1960s on, as "rock and roll" yielded gradually to "rock", later dance genres followed, starting with the twist, and leading up to funk, disco, house, techno, and hip hop.[85] HP Pavilion dv3-2319tx Keyboard

My Fair Lady

My Fair Lady is a musical based upon George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion and with book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe. The story concerns Eliza Doolittle, a Cockney flower girl who takes speech lessons from professor Henry Higgins, a phoneticist, so that she may pass as a well-born lady. HP Pavilion dv3-2320ep Keyboard

The musical's 1956 Broadway production was a hit, setting what was then the record for the longest run of any major musical theatre production in history. It was followed by a hit London production, a popular film version, and numerous revivals. It has been called "the perfect musical".[1] HP Pavilion dv3-2320es Keyboard

In the mid-1930s, film producer Gabriel Pascal acquired the rights to produce film versions of several of George Bernard Shaw's plays, Pygmalion among them. However, Shaw, having had a bad experience with The Chocolate Soldier, a Viennese operetta based on his play Arms and the Man, HP Pavilion dv3-2320tx Keyboard

refused permission for Pygmalion to be adapted into a musical. After Shaw died in 1950, Pascal asked lyricist Alan Jay Lerner to write the musical adaptation. Lerner agreed, and he and his partnerFrederick Loewe began work. They quickly realized, however, HP Pavilion dv3-2321tx Keyboard

that the play violated several key rules for constructing a musical: the main story was not a love story, there was no subplot or secondary love story, and there was no place for an ensemble.[2]HP Pavilion dv3-2322tx Keyboard

Many people, includingOscar Hammerstein II, who, with Richard Rodgers, had also tried his hand at adapting Pygmalion into a musical and had given up, told Lerner that converting the play to a musical was impossible, so he and Loewe abandoned the project for two years.[3] HP Pavilion dv3-2323tx Keyboard

During this time, the collaborators separated, and Gabriel Pascal died. Lerner had been trying to musicalize Li'l Abner when he read Pascal's obituary and found himself thinking about Pygmalion again.[4] When he and Loewe reunited, everything fell into place. HP Pavilion dv3-2324tx Keyboard

All the insurmountable obstacles that stood in their way two years earlier disappeared when the team realized that the play needed few changes including, according to Lerner, "adding the action that took place between the acts of the play".[5] They then excitedly began writing the show. HP Pavilion dv3-2325tx Keyboard

However, Chase Manhattan Bank was in charge of Pascal's estate, and the musical rights toPygmalion were sought both by Lerner and Loewe and by MGM, whose executives called Lerner to discourage him from challenging the studio. Loewe said, HP Pavilion dv3-2326tx Keyboard

"We will write the show without the rights, and when the time comes for them to decide who is to get them, we will be so far ahead of everyone else that they will be forced to give them to us".[6] For five months Lerner and Loewe wrote, hired technical designers, and made casting decisions. The bank, in the end, granted them the musical rights. HP Pavilion dv3-2327tx Keyboard

Noël Coward was the first to be offered the role of Henry Higgins but turned it down, suggesting the producers cast Rex Harrison instead.[7] After much deliberation, Harrison agreed to accept the part. Mary Martin was an early choice for the role of Eliza Doolittle, but declined the role.[8]HP Pavilion dv3-2328tx Keyboard

Young actress Julie Andrews was "discovered" and cast as Eliza Doolittle after the show's creative team went to see her Broadway debut in The Boy Friend. Moss Hart agreed to direct after hearing only two songs. The experienced orchestrators Robert Russell Bennett and Philip J. Lang were entrusted with the arrangements and the show quickly went into rehearsal. HP Pavilion dv3-2329tx Keyboard

The musical's script used several scenes that Shaw had written especially for the 1938 film version of Pygmalion, including the Embassy Ball sequence and the final scene of the 1938 film rather than the ending for Shaw's original play. The montage showing Eliza's lessons was also expanded, HP Pavilion dv3-2330tx Keyboard

combining both Lerner and Shaw's dialogue. The show's title relates to one of Shaw's provisional titles for Pygmalion, Fair Eliza, and to the nursery rhyme "London Bridge Is Falling Down". The original Playbill and cast recording sleeve featured artwork by Al Hirschfeld, HP Pavilion dv3-2340ez Keyboard

who depicted Eliza as a marionette being manipulated by Henry Higgins, whose own strings are being pulled by a heavenly puppeteer resembling George Bernard Shaw. HP Pavilion dv3-2350ee Keyboard

The musical had its pre-Broadway tryout at New Haven's Shubert Theatre. On opening night Rex Harrison, who was unaccustomed to singing in front of a live orchestra, HP Pavilion dv3-2350ed Keyboard

"announced that under no circumstances would he go on that night...with those thirty-two interlopers in the pit".[9] He locked himself in his dressing room and came out little more than an hour before curtain time. The whole company had been dismissed but were recalled, HP Pavilion dv3-2350el Keyboard

and opening night was a success.[10] The musical then played for four weeks at the Erlanger Theatre inPhiladelphia, beginning on February 15, 1956. HP Pavilion dv3-2355ee Keyboard

The musical premiered on Broadway March 15, 1956, at the Mark Hellinger Theatre in New York City. It transferred to the Broadhurst Theatre and then The Broadway Theatre, where it closed on September 29, 1962 after 2,717 performances, a record at the time. HP Pavilion dv3-2360ee Keyboard

Moss Hartdirected and Hanya Holm was choreographer. In addition to stars Rex Harrison, Julie Andrews and Stanley Holloway, the original cast included Robert Coote, Cathleen Nesbitt, John Michael King, and Reid Shelton.[11] Edward Mulhare and Sally Ann Howes replaced Harrison and Andrews later in the run.[12][13]HP Pavilion dv3-2380eg Keyboard

The Original Cast Recording went on to become the best-selling album in the country in 1956.[14]The original costumes were designed by Cecil Beaton and are on display at the Costume World Broadway Collection in Pompano Beach, Florida, along with many of the original patterns. HP Pavilion dv3-2390eg Keyboard

1970s revivals

The first revival opened at the St. James Theatre on Broadway on March 25, 1976 and ran there until December 5, 1976; it then transferred to the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, running from December 9, 1976 until it closed on February 20, 1977, after a total of 377 performances and 7 previews. HP Pavilion dv3-2390eo Keyboard

The director was Jerry Adler, with choreography by Crandall Diehl, based on the original choreography by Hanya Holm. Ian Richardson starred as Higgins, with Christine Andreas as Eliza,George Rose as Alfred P. Doolittle and Robert Coote recreating his role as Pickering.[11]HP Pavilion DV3000 Keyboard

Both Richardson and Rose were nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical, with the award going to Rose.

The first London revival opened at the Adelphi Theatre in October 1979, with Tony Britton as Higgins, Liz Robertson as Eliza, Dame Anna Neagle as Higgins' mother, HP Pavilion DV3000/ct Keyboard

Peter Bayliss and Richard Caldicot. Cameron Mackintosh produced with Robin Midgley directing, and Alan Jay Lerner as consultant.[17][18][19] Gillian Lynnechoreographed.[20] Britton and Robertson were both nominated for Olivier Awards.[21] HP Pavilion DV3001tx Keyboard

2001 London revival; 2003 Hollywood Bowl production

Mackintosh produced a new production on March 15, 2001 at the Royal National Theatre, which transferred to the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane on July 21. Directed byTrevor Nunn, with choreography by Matthew Bourne, the musical starred Martine McCutcheon as Eliza and Jonathan Pryce as Higgins. HP Pavilion DV3002tx Keyboard

This revival won three Olivier Awards: Outstanding Musical Production, Best Actress in a Musical (Martine McCutcheon) and Best Theatre Choreographer (Matthew Bourne), with Anthony Ward receiving a nomination for Set Design.[24] Ironically, McCutcheon won the award despite being off sick for most of her eight-month run.[25]. HP Pavilion DV3003tx Keyboard

In December 2001 Joanna Riding took over the role of Eliza and in May 2002 Alex Jennings took over as Higgins, both winning Olivier Awards for Best Actor and Best Actress in a Musical respectively in 2003.[26] In March 2003, Anthony Andrews and Laura Michelle Kelly took over the roles until the show closed on August 30, 2003.[27] HP Pavilion DV3004tx Keyboard

A UK tour of this production began September 28, 2005. The production starred Amy Nuttall and Lisa O'Hare as Eliza, Christopher Cazenove as Henry Higgins, Russ Abbot and Gareth Hale as Alfred Doolittle, and Honor Blackman[28]and Hannah Gordon as Mrs. Higgins. The tour ended August 12, 2006.[29] HP Pavilion DV3005tx Keyboard

In 2003 a production of the musical at the Hollywood Bowl starred John Lithgow as Henry Higgins, Melissa Errico as Eliza Doolittle, Roger Daltrey as Alfred P. Doolittle and Paxton Whitehead as Colonel Pickering.[30] HP Pavilion DV3006tx Keyboard

2007 New York Philharmonic concert and US tour

In 2007 the New York Philharmonic held a full-costume concert presentation of the musical. The concert had a four-day engagement lasting from March 7–10 atLincoln Center's Avery Fisher Hall. HP Pavilion DV3007tx Keyboard

It starred Kelsey Grammer as Higgins Kelli O'Hara as Eliza, Charles Kimbrough as Pickering, and Brian Dennehy as Alfred Doolittle. Marni Nixon played Mrs. Higgins; Nixon had provided the singing voice of Audrey Hepburn in the film version.[31] HP Pavilion DV3008tx Keyboard

A U.S. tour of Mackintosh's 2001 West End production ran from September 12, 2007 to June 22, 2008.[32] The production starred Christopher Cazenove as HigginsLisa O'Hare as Eliza, Walter Charles as Pickering, Tim Jerome as Alfred Doolittle[33] and Nixon as Mrs. Higgins, replacing Sally Ann Howes.[34] HP Pavilion DV3009tx Keyboard

2008 Australian tour

An Australian tour produced by Opera Australia commenced in May 2008. The production starred Reg Livermore as Higgins, Taryn Fiebig as Eliza, Robert Grubb as Alfred Doolittle and Judi Connelli as Mrs Pearce. John Wood took the role of Alfred Doolittle in Queensland, and Richard E. Grant played the role of Henry Higgins at the Theatre Royal, Sydney.[citation needed] HP Pavilion DV3010tx Keyboard

2010 Paris revival

A new production was staged by Robert Carsen at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris opening on 9 December 2010 and closing on 2 January 2011 (limited season of 27 performances). It was presented in English to the French audience. The costumes were designed by Anthony Powell and the choreography was created by Lynne Page. HP Pavilion DV3011tx Keyboard

The cast was as follows: Sarah Gabriel / Christine Arand (Eliza Doolittle), Alex Jennings (Henry Higgins), Margaret Tyzack (Mrs. Higgins), Nicholas Le Prevost (Colonel Pickering), Donald Maxwell (Alfred Doolittle), and Jenny Galloway (Mrs. Pearce).[35] HP Pavilion DV3012tx Keyboard

Act I

On a rainy night in Edwardian London, the opera patrons are waiting under the arches of Covent Garden for cabs. Eliza Doolittle, a Cockney flower girl, runs into a young man called Freddy. She admonishes him for spilling her violets in the mud but cheers up after selling one to an older gentleman. She flies into an angry outburst when she sees another man copying down her speech. HP Pavilion DV3013tx Keyboard

The man explains that he studies phonetics and can identify any man's origin by his accent. He laments Eliza's dreadful accent, asking why so many English people can't learn to speak properly and explaining his theory that this is what truly separatessocial classes, HP Pavilion DV3014tx Keyboard

rather than looks or money ("Why Can't the English?"). He declares that in six months, he could turn Eliza into a lady by teaching her to speak properly. The older gentleman introduces himself as Colonel Pickering, a linguist who has studied Indian dialects. HP Pavilion DV3015tx Keyboard

The phoneticist introduces himself as Henry Higgins, and, as they both have always wanted to meet each other, Higgins invites Pickering to stay at his home in London. He distractedly throws his change in Eliza's basket, and she and her friends wonder what it would be like to live a comfortable, proper life ("Wouldn't It Be Loverly?"). HP Pavilion DV3016tx Keyboard

Eliza's father, Alfred P. Doolittle and his drinking companions Harry and Jamie, all dustmen, stop by the next morning. He is searching for money for a drink, and Eliza shares her profits with him ("With a Little Bit of Luck"). Pickering and Higgins are discussing vowels at Higgins's home when Mrs. HP Pavilion DV3017tx Keyboard

Pearce, the housekeeper, informs Higgins that a young woman with a ghastly accent has come to see him. It is Eliza, who has come to take lessons to speak properly so she can get a job as an assistant in a florist's shop. Pickering wagers that Higgins cannot make good on his claim and volunteers to pay for Eliza's lessons. HP Pavilion DV3018tx Keyboard

An intensive makeover of Eliza's speech, manners and dress begins in preparation for her appearance at the Embassy Ball. Higgins sees himself as a kindhearted, patient man who cannot get along with women ("I'm an Ordinary Man"). In reality, he is self-absorbed and misogynistic. HP Pavilion DV3019tx Keyboard

It becomes evident to Alfred Doolittle that his daughter has been taken in by Professor Higgins. He decides that he may get a little money out of the dealing of his daughter ("With a Little Bit of Luck" [Reprise]). HP Pavilion DV3020tx Keyboard

Eliza's father arrives at Higgins' house the next morning, claiming that Higgins is compromising Eliza's virtue. Higgins is impressed by the man's natural gift for language and his brazen lack of moral values. He and Doolittle agree that Eliza can continue to take lessons and live at Higgins' house if Higgins gives Doolittle five pounds for a spree. HP Pavilion DV3021tx Keyboard

Higgins flippantly recommends Doolittle to an American millionaire who is seeking a lecturer on moral values. Meanwhile, Eliza endures speech tutoring, endlessly repeating phrases like "In Hertford, Hereford and Hampshire, hurricanes hardly ever happen” (initially, HP Pavilion DV3022tx Keyboard

the only "h" she aspirates is in "hever") and "The rain in Spain stays mainly in the plain" (to practice the "long a" phoneme). Frustrated, she dreams of different ways to kill Higgins, from sickness to drowning to a firing squad ("Just You Wait"). The servants lament the hard "work" Higgins does ("The Servants' Chorus").HP Pavilion DV3023tx Keyboard

just as they give up, Eliza suddenly recites "The rain in Spain stays mainly in the plain" in perfect English. Higgins, Eliza, and Pickering happily dance around Higgins's study ("The Rain In Spain"). HP Pavilion DV3024tx Keyboard

Thereafter her pronunciation is transformed into that of impeccable upper class English. Mrs. Pearce, the housekeeper, insists that Eliza go to bed; she declares she is too excited to sleep ("I Could Have Danced All Night").HP Pavilion DV3025tx Keyboard

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For her first public tryout, Higgins takes Eliza to his mother's box at Ascot Racecourse ("Ascot Gavotte"). Henry's mother reluctantly agrees to help Eliza make conversation, following Henry's advice that Eliza should stick to two subjects: the weather and everybody's health. HP Pavilion DV3027tx Keyboard

Eliza makes a good impression at first with her polite manners but later shocks everyone by her vulgar Cockney attitudes and slang. She does, however, capture the heart of Freddy Eynsford-Hill, the young man whom she ran into in the opening scene. HP Pavilion DV3028tx Keyboard

Freddy calls on Eliza that evening, but she refuses to see him. He declares that he will wait for her in the street outside Higgins's house ("On the Street Where You Live").HP Pavilion DV3029tx Keyboard

The final test requires Eliza to pass as a lady at the Embassy Ball, and after weeks of preparation, she is ready. All the ladies and gentlemen at the ball admire her, and the Queen of Transylvania invites her to dance with her son, the prince ("Embassy Waltz"). Eliza then dances with Higgins. HP Pavilion DV3030tx Keyboard

A rival and former student of Higgins, a Hungarian phonetician named Zoltan Karpathy, is employed by the hostess to discover Eliza's origins through her speech. Though Pickering and his mother caution him not to, Higgins allows Karpathy to dance with Eliza. HP Pavilion DV3100 Keyboard

Act II

The event is revealed to have been a success and Eliza had fooled Zoltan Karpathy into believing that she is "not only Hungarian, but of royal blood. She is a princess!" After the ball, Colonel Pickering flatters Higgins about his triumph, and Higgins expresses his pleasure that the experiment is now over ("You Did It"). HP Pavilion DV3101tx Keyboard

The episode leaves Eliza feeling used and abandoned. Higgins completely ignores Eliza until he mislays his slippers. He asks her where they are, and she lashes out at him, leaving the clueless professor mystified by her ingratitude. When Eliza decides to leave Higgins, he insults her in frustration and storms off. HP Pavilion DV3102tx Keyboard

Eliza cries as she prepares to leave ("Just You Wait" [Reprise]). She finds Freddy still waiting outside ("On the Street Where You Live" [Reprise]). He begins to tell her how much he loves her, but she cuts him off, telling him that she has heard enough words; if he really loves her, he should show it ("Show Me"). HP Pavilion DV3103tx Keyboard

She and Freddy return to Covent Garden, where her friends do not recognize her refined bearing ("The Flower Market/Wouldn't It Be Loverly?" [Reprise]). By chance, her father is there as well, dressed in a fine suit. He explains that he received a surprise bequest of four thousand pounds a year from the American millionaire, HP Pavilion DV3104tx Keyboard

which has raised him to middle-class respectability, and now he must marry Eliza's "stepmother", the woman he has been living with for many years. Eliza sees that she no longer belongs in Covent Garden, and she and Freddy depart. Doolittle and his friends have one last spree before the wedding ("Get Me to the Church on Time").HP Pavilion DV3105tx Keyboard

Higgins awakens the next morning to find that, without Eliza, he has tea instead of coffee, and he cannot find his own files. He wonders why she left after the triumph at the ball and concludes that men (especially himself) are far superior to women ("A Hymn to Him").HP Pavilion DV3106tx Keyboard

Pickering, becoming annoyed with Higgins, leaves to stay with his friend at the home office. Higgins seeks his mother's advice and finds Eliza having tea with her. She leaves them together, and Eliza explains that he has always treated her as a flower girl, but she learned to be a lady because Colonel Pickering treated her like a lady. HP Pavilion DV3107tx Keyboard

Higgins claims he treated her the same way that Pickering did, and demands that she return. Eliza accuses him of wanting her only to fetch and carry for him, saying that she will marry Freddy because he loves her. She declares that she does not need Higgins anymore, HP Pavilion DV3108tx Keyboard

saying that she was foolish to think that she needed him ("Without You"). Higgins is struck by Eliza's spirit and independence and wants her to stay with him, but she tells him that he will not see her again. HP Pavilion DV3109tx Keyboard

p> As Higgins walks home, he realizes he's grown attached to Eliza ("I've Grown Accustomed to Her Face"). He cannot bring himself to confess that he loves her and insists that if she marries Freddy and then comes back to him, he will not accept her. HP Pavilion DV3110tx Keyboard

However, he finds it difficult to imagine being alone again. He reviews the recording he made of the morning Eliza first came to him for lessons. He hears his own harsh words: "She's so deliciously low! So horribly dirty!" Then the phonograph turns off, and a real voice speaks in a Cockney accent: "I washed me face an' 'ands before I come, HP Pavilion DV3111tx Keyboard

I did". Henry hears Eliza, who is standing in the doorway, tentatively returning to him. The musical ends on an ambiguous moment of possible reconciliation between teacher and pupil, as Higgins slouches and asks, "Eliza, where the devil are my slippers?" HP Pavilion DV3112tx Keyboard

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