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Jurassic Park Jurassic Park is a 1990 science fiction novel written by Michael Crichton. Often considered a cautionary tale on unconsidered biological tinkering in the same spirit as Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, it uses the mathematical concept ofchaos theory and its philosophical implications to explain the collapse of an amusement park showcasing genetically recreated dinosaurs. LENOVO Ideapad U550 Keyboard In 1993, Steven Spielberg adapted the book into the blockbuster film Jurassic Park, which won 3 Oscars, 19 other awards, and 15 nominations. The book's sequel, The Lost World (1995), was also adapted by Spielberg into a film in 1997. A third film, directed by Joe Johnston, drew several elements, themes, and scenes from both books that were ultimately not utilized in either of the previous films. TOSHIBA Satellite L300-1AS Keyboard The narrative begins in August 1989 by slowly tying together a series of incidents involving strange animal attacks inCosta Rica and on Isla Nublar, the main setting for the story. One of the species, a strange small lizard-like creature with three toes, is identified later as a Procompsognathus. Paleontologist Alan Grant and his paleobotanist graduate student, Ellie Sattler, are abruptly whisked away by billionaire John Hammond—founder and chief executive officer of International Genetic Technologies, or InGen—for a weekend visit to a "biological preserve" he has established on a remote island off the coast of Costa Rica. HP Pavilion dv6-3125sa Keyboard Upon arrival, the preserve is revealed to be Jurassic Park, a theme park showcasing cloned dinosaurs. The animals have been recreated using damaged dinosaur DNA found in mosquitoes preserved in prehistoric amber. Gaps in the genetic code have been filled in with reptilian, avian, or amphibian DNA. To control the population, all specimens on the island arelysine-deficient females. Hammond proudly touts InGen's advances in genetic engineering and shows his guests through the island's vast array of automated systems. HP G62-100SL Keyboard Recent events in the park have spooked Hammond's investors. To placate them, Hammond means for Grant and Sattler to act as fresh consultants. They stand in counterbalance to a well-known mathematician and chaos theorist Ian Malcolm and a lawyer representing the investors, Donald Gennaro. Both are pessimistic about the park's prospects. Malcolm, having been consulted before the park's creation, is especially emphatic in his prediction that the park will collapse, as it is an unsustainable simple structure bluntly forced upon a complex system. SONY VAIO VGN-CR31S Keyboard Countering Malcolm's dire predictions with youthful energy, Hammond groups the consultants with his grandchildren, Tim and Alexis "Lex" Murphy. While touring the park with the children, Grant finds a Velociraptor eggshell, which seems to prove Malcolm's earlier assertion that the dinosaurs have been breeding against the geneticists' design. HP G42-381TX Keyboard Malcolm suggests a flaw in their method of analyzing dinosaur populations, in that motion detectors were set to search only for the expected number of creatures in the park and not for any higher number. The park's controllers are reluctant to admit that the park has long been operating beyond their constraints. Malcolm also points out the height distribution of the Procompsognathus forms a Gaussian distribution, the curve of a breeding population, rather than the distinctive pattern that a population reared in batches ought to display. SAMSUNG NP-N145-JP04 Keyboard In the midst of this, the chief programmer of Jurassic Park's controlling software, Dennis Nedry, attempts corporate espionage for Lewis Dodgson, a geneticist and agent of InGen's archrival, Biosyn. By activating a backdoor he wrote into the park's computer system, Nedry manages to shut down its security systems and quickly steal fifteen frozen embryos, one for each of the park's fifteen species. He then attempts to smuggle them out to a contact waiting at the auxiliary dock deep in the park; however, during a suddentropical storm, he exits his stolen vehicle to get his bearings and is killed by a Dilophosaurus. Without Nedry to reactivate the park's security, the electrified fences remain off, and dinosaurs escape. The adult and juvenile Tyrannosaurus Rex attack the guests on tour, destroying the vehicles, killing public relations manager Ed Regis, and leaving Grant and the children lost in the park. FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Keyboard Malcolm is gravely injured during the incident but is soon found by Gennaro and park game warden Robert Muldoon and spends the remainder of the novel slowly dying as, in between lucid lectures and morphine-induced rants, he tries to help those in the main compound understand their predicament and survive. Lenovo 45N2141 Keyboard The park's upper management—engineer and park supervisor John Arnold, chief geneticist Henry Wu, Muldoon, and Hammond—struggle to return power to the park, while the veterinarian, Dr. Harding, takes care of the injured Malcolm. For a time they manage to get the park largely back in order, restoring the computer system by shutting down and restarting the power, resetting the system. Unfortunately, a series of errors on their part soon plunge the park into greater disarray. During their time trying to restore the park to working order, they fail to notice that the system has been running on auxiliary power since the restart; this power soon runs out, shutting the park down a second time. ASUS NSK-U1001 Keyboard Furthermore, since the auxiliary generators didn't create enough electricity to power the fences, they weren't reactivated when the system was reset, meaning all the fences—including the holding pen containing the park's Velociraptors, quarantined due to their intelligence and aggression—had been offline the whole time. Escaping their enclosure, the raptors kill Wu and Arnold and injure Muldoon, Gennaro, and Harding. Meanwhile, Grant and the children slowly make their way back to the Visitor's Center by rafting down the jungle river, carrying news that several young raptors, bred and raised in the island's wilds, were on board the Anne B, the island's supply ship, when it departed for the mainland. SONY NSK-S8101 Keyboard While Ellie distracts the raptors, Grant manages to turn the park's main power back on. After escaping from several raptors, Grant, Gennaro, Tim, and Lex are able to make it to the control room, where Tim is able to contact the Anne B and tell them to return. The survivors are then able to organize themselves and eventually secure their own lives. Word soon reaches them that the crew of the Anne B has discovered and killed the raptor stowaways. Compaq Presario CQ57-314 Keyboard Gennaro tries to order the island destroyed as a dangerous asset, but Grant rejects his authority, claiming that even though they cannot control the island, they have a responsibility to understand just what happened and how many dinosaurs have already escaped to the mainland. Grant, Ellie, and Muldoon set out into the park to find the wild raptor nests and compare hatched eggs with the island's revised population tally. Cautious in this pursuit, they emerge unharmed. Meanwhile, Compaq Presario CQ71-420SO Keyboard Hammond, taking a walk around the park and contemplating making a park improving on his previous mistakes, hears the T-Rex roar and falls down a hill where he is eaten by a pack of Procompsognathus. Concerning the dinosaurs' breeding, it is eventually revealed that using frog DNA to fill gaps in the dinosaurs' genetic code enabled a measure of dichogamy, in which some of the female animals changed into males in response to the all-female environment. HP Pavilion G7-1085NR Keyboard In the conclusion, before boarding helicopters the group tell the Costa Rican Air Force that the dinosaurs had been killing people. The Air Force then say that the island is dangerous and releases napalm over the island, destroying the island and the dinosaurs. It is implied that Malcolm has died. Grant asks Muldoon of Malcolm's condition when they depart via helicopter, Muldoon's nonverbal response is merely shaking his head and on the second to last page it says that the Costa Rican government wouldn't permit a burial for Hammond or Malcolm. HP Pavilion dv6000 Keyboard Survivors of the incident are indefinitely detained by the United States and Costa Rican governments. Weeks later, Grant is visited by Dr. Martin Guitierrez, an American doctor who lives in Costa Rica and has found a Procompsognathus corpse. Guitierrez informs Grant that an unknown pack of animals has been migrating through the Costa Rican jungle, eating lysine-rich crops and chickens. He also informs Grant that none of them, with the possible exception of Tim and Lex, are going to leave any time soon. APPLE Macbook 13 Inch Keyboard Jurassic Park is a 1993 American science fiction adventure film[2] directed by Steven Spielberg, and is based on thenovel of the same name by Michael Crichton. It stars Sam Neill, Laura Dern, Jeff Goldblum, Richard Attenborough, Ariana Richards, Joseph Mazzello, Martin Ferrero and Bob Peck. The film centers on the fictional Isla Nublar near Costa Rica's Pacific Coast, where a billionaire philanthropist and a small team of genetic scientists have created an amusement parkof cloned dinosaurs. HP 441426-001 Keyboard Before Crichton's book was even published, many studios had already begun bidding to acquire the picture rights. Spielberg, with the backing of Universal Studios, acquired the rights before publication in 1990, and Crichton was hired for an additional $500,000 to adapt the novel for the screen. David Koepp wrote the final draft, which left out much of the novel's exposition and violence, and made numerous changes to the characters. Filming took place in California andHawaii. HP Pavilion dv6-2114sa Keyboard Jurassic Park is regarded as a landmark in the use of computer-generated imagery, and received positive reviews from most critics. During its release, the film grossed over $900 million worldwide, becoming the highest grossing film released up to that time (surpassing E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, itself a Steven Spielberg film, and surpassed four years later byTitanic), and it is currently the 24th-highest-grossing feature film (adjusted for inflation, it is the 20th-highest-grossing film in North America). It is the highest grossing film produced by Universal and directed by Spielberg. It won the Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Editing, and Best Visual Effects. HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Keyboard Owing to the film's success, two sequels were made: The Lost World: Jurassic Park directed by Spielberg as well, which was released on May 23, 1997, and Jurassic Park III, directed by Joe Johnston, which was released on July 18, 2001.[3] A 3D re-release is due for April 5, 2013, to commemorate the movie's 20th Anniversary.[4] Jurassic Park IV in 3D is slated to be released on June 13, 2014.[5]HP Mini 311-1035TU Keyboard John Hammond, CEO of InGen, has created Jurassic Park: a theme park on a tropical island populated with cloned dinosaurs. After a workman is killed by a dinosaur, Hammond's investors, represented by attorney Donald Gennaro, demand that experts visit the park and certify it as safe. Gennaro invites mathematician Dr. Ian Malcolm while Hammond invites paleontologist Dr. Alan Grant and paleobotanist Dr. Ellie Sattler. They are joined by Hammond's grandchildren, Lex and Tim Murphy. The group sets off in a pair of electric SUVs on a tour of the park, HP Pavilion dv6-3218tx Keyboard while Hammond stays in the Visitor's Center to observe his guests from Jurassic Park's control room. With him are chief engineer Ray Arnold and game warden Robert Muldoon. The tour does not go as Hammond plans: some of the dinosaurs, including Dilophosaurus and Tyrannosaurus, fail to show, and the Triceratops has fallen ill. Compaq Presario CQ71-420ER Keyboard An incoming tropical storm forces a cancellation of the rest of the tour, while most of the park employees depart on a boat for the mainland. Everyone returns to the electric vehicles except Ellie, who stays with the park's veterinarian to study the Triceratops. HP Pavilion DV7-3065dx Keyboard Jurassic Park's computer programmer, Dennis Nedry, has been paid off by one of InGen's corporate rivals to steal dinosaur embryos. During the theft, Nedry deactivates the park's security system to allow him access to the embryo storage room. Many of the park's electric fences are deactivated as a result, releasing a Tyrannosaurus that attacks the tour group, killing Gennaro and injuring Ian. Alan, Lex and Tim narrowly escape. Nedry becomes disoriented by the heavy rain and crashes his car; while attempting to winch his car he is attacked and killed by a Dilophosaurus. SONY VAIO VGN-NR21Z/S Keyboard Lenovo 63Y0047 Keyboard Sattler and Muldoon search for survivors, but only find Malcolm before they are attacked by the T. rex and return to the visitor center. Unable to decipher Nedry's code to reactivate the security system, Arnold opts to reboot the park's computer and electrical network. The group shuts down the park's grid and retreat to an emergency bunker, while Arnold heads to a maintenance shed to complete the process of rebooting the system. When he fails to return, Sattler and Muldoon head to the shed themselves. TOSHIBA Satellite A305 Keyboard The shutdown disabled the remaining fences, releasing three dangerous Velociraptors, which hunt Sattler and Muldoon. Muldoon draws their attention while Sattler continues to the shed. She restarts the park's systems and finds Arnold's severed arm. Muldoon falls prey to the raptors. TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Keyboard Alan, Lex, and Tim climb an electric fence out of the park's animal zone; Tim is nearly killed when the fence is reactivated. They reach the Visitor Center, and Alan leaves the children in the dining area while he searches for Sattler and the others. The kids escape two raptors before reuniting with Grant and Sattler. The four make their way to the control room, where Lex restores the park's security systems. Grant contacts Hammond and tells him to call the mainland for rescue before two raptors attack them. Grant's group is cornered by the raptors but escapes when the T. rex storms the visitor center. A helicopter arrives to take the survivors back to the mainland. TOSHIBA P205-S7469 Keyboard Michael Crichton originally conceived a screenplay about a graduate student who recreates a dinosaur; he continued to wrestle with his fascination with dinosaurs and cloning until he began writing the novel Jurassic Park.[6] Even before publication, Spielberg learned of the novel in October 1989 while he and Crichton were discussing a screenplay that would become the television series ER.[7] Before the book was published, Crichton demanded a non-negotiable fee of $1.5 million as well as a substantial percentage of the gross. Warner Bros. and Tim Burton, Sony Pictures Entertainment and Richard Donner, and 20th Century Foxand Joe Dante bid for the rights,[7]HP 640436-001 Keyboard but Universal eventually acquired them in May 1990 for Spielberg.[8] Universal paid Crichton a further $500,000 to adapt his own novel,[9] which he had finished by the time Spielberg was filming Hook. Crichton noted that because the book was "fairly long" his script only had about 10 to 20 percent of the novel's content; scenes were dropped for budgetary and practical reasons.[10] After completing Hook, Spielberg wanted to film Schindler's List. Music Corporation of America (then Universal Pictures' parent company) president Sid Sheinberg gave a green light to the film on one condition: that Spielberg make Jurassic Park first. Spielberg later said, "He knew that once I had directed Schindler I wouldn't be able to do Jurassic Park."[7]IBM Thinkpad R61i Keyboard Spielberg hired Stan Winston to create the animatronic dinosaurs, Phil Tippett to create go motion dinosaurs for long shots, Michael Lantieri to supervise the on-set effects, and Dennis Muren to do the digital compositing. Paleontologist Jack Horner supervised the designs, to help fulfill Spielberg's desire to portray the dinosaurs as animals rather than monsters. This led to the entry of certain concepts about dinosaurs, such as the theory that dinosaurs had very little in common with lizards. ACER Aspire One D150-1920 Keyboard Thus, Horner dismissed the raptors' flicking tongues in Tippett's early animatics,[11] complaining, "[The dinosaurs] have no way of doing that!" Taking Horner's advice, Spielberg insisted that Tippett take the tongues out.[12] Winston's department created fully detailed models of the dinosaurs before molding latex skins, which were fitted over complex robotics. Tippett created stop-motion animatics of major scenes, but, despite go motion's attempts at motion blurs, Spielberg still found the end results unsatisfactory in terms of working in a live-action feature film.[11] IBM 42T3737 Keyboard Animators Mark Dippe and Steve Williamswent ahead in creating a computer-generated walk cycle for the T. rex skeleton and were approved to do more.[13] When Spielberg and Tippett saw an animatic of the T. rex chasing a herd of Gallimimus, Spielberg said, "You're out of a job," to which Tippett replied, "Don't you mean extinct?"[11] Spielberg later wrote both the animatic and his dialogue between him and Tippett into the script, as a conversation between Malcolm and Grant.[14] HP G62-225NR Keyboard As George Lucas watched the demonstration alongside of them, his eyes began to tear up. "It was like one of those moments in history, like the invention of the light bulb or the first telephone call," he said. "A major gap had been crossed, and things were never going to be the same."[15] Although no go motion was used, Tippett and his animators were still used by the production for knowing how the dinosaurs should move correctly. Tippett acted as a consultant regarding dinosaur anatomy, and his stop motion animators were re-trained as computer animators.[11]SONY VAIO VGN-AR570 Keyboard Malia Scotch Marmo began a script rewrite in October 1991 over a five-month period, merging Ian Malcolm with Alan Grant.[16] Screenwriter David Koepp came on board afterward, starting afresh from Marmo's draft, and used Spielberg's idea of a cartoon shown to the visitors to remove much of the exposition that fills Crichton's novel.[17] Spielberg also excised a sub-plot of Procompsognathus escaping to the mainland and attacking young children, as he found it too horrific.[18] This sub-plot would eventually be used as a prologue in the Spielberg-directed sequel, TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7226 Keyboard The Lost World. Hammond was changed from a ruthless businessman to a kindly old man, because Spielberg identified with Hammond's obsession with showmanship.[19] He also switched the characters of Tim and Lex; in the book, Tim is aged 11 and into computers, and Lex is only seven or eight and into sports. Spielberg did this because he wanted to work with the younger Joseph Mazzello, and it also allowed him to introduce the sub-plot of Lex's adolescent crush on Grant.[20] TOSHIBA Satellite L300-156 Keyboard Koepp changed Grant's relationship with the children, making him hostile to them initially to allow for more character development.[7] Koepp also took the opportunity to cut out a major sequence from the book, for budgetary reasons, where the T. rex chases Grant and the children down a river before being tranquilized by Muldoon. This scene was revived in part in Jurassic Park III with the Spinosaurus replacing the T. rex.[17]IBM Lenovo Thinkpad X201 Keyboard After 25 months of pre-production, filming began on August 24, 1992, on the Hawaiian island of Kauaʻi.[21] The three-week shoot involved various daytime exteriors.[8] On September 11, Hurricane Iniki passed directly over Kauaʻi, which caused the crew to lose a day of shooting.[22] Several of the storm scenes from the movie are actual footage shot during the hurricane. The scheduled shoot of the Gallimimus chase was moved to Kualoa Ranch on the island of Oahu and one of the beginning scenes had to be created by digitally animating a still shot of scenery.[14]HP G62-b50SA Keyboard Additional scenes were filmed on the "forbidden island" of Niihau.[23]The crew moved back to the mainland U.S. to shoot at Universal Studios's Stage 24 for scenes involving the raptors in the kitchen.[8] The crew also shot on Stage 23 for the scenes involving the power supply, before going on location to Red Rock Canyon for the Montana dig scenes.[24] The crew returned to Universal to shoot Grant's rescue of Tim, using a fifty-foot prop with hydraulic wheels for the car fall, and the Brachiosaurus encounter. The crew filmed scenes for the Park's labs and control room, which used animations for the computers lent from Silicon Graphics and Apple.[25]HP G62-a26SA Keyboard The crew moved to Warner Bros. Studios' Stage 16 to shoot the T. rex's attack on the SUVs.[25] Shooting proved frustrating due to water soaking the foam rubber skin of the animatronic dinosaur, which caused the animatronic T. rex to shake and quiver from the extra weight when the foam absorbed the water.[26] The ripples in the glass of water caused by the T. rex's footsteps was inspired by Spielberg listening to Earth, Wind and Fire in his car, and the vibrations the bass rhythm caused. Lantieri was unsure of how to create the shot until the night before filming, IBM Lenovo ThinkPad X300 Keyboard when he put a glass of water on a guitar he was playing, which achieved the concentric circles in the water Spielberg wanted. The next morning, guitar strings were put inside the car and a man on the ground plucked the strings to achieve the effect.[27] Back at Universal, the crew filmed scenes with the Dilophosaurus on Stage 27. Finally, the shoot finished on Stage 12, with the climactic chases with the raptors in the Park's computer rooms and Visitor's Center.[28] Spielberg brought back the T. rex for the climax, abandoning his original ending in which Grant uses a platform machine to maneuver a raptor into a fossil tyrannosaur's jaws.[29] The film wrapped twelve days ahead of schedule on November 30,[8][30][31] and within days, editor Michael Kahn had a rough cut ready, allowing Spielberg to go ahead with filming Schindler's List.[32]SONY VAIO VGN-AR770 Keyboard Special effects work continued on the film, with Tippett's unit adjusting to new technology with Dinosaur Input Devices:[33] models which fed information into the computers to allow themselves to animate the characters traditionally. In addition, they acted out scenes with the raptors and Gallimimus. As well as the computer-generated dinosaurs, ILM also created elements such as water splashing and digital face replacement for Ariana Richards' stunt double.[11]SAMSUNG NP-NC10-JP01 Keyboard Compositing the dinosaurs onto the live action scenes took around an hour. Rendering the dinosaurs often took two to four hours per frame, and rendering the T. rex in the rain even took six hours per frame.[34] Spielberg monitored their progress from Poland during the filming of Schindler's List.[35] Composer John Williams began work on the score at the end of February, and it was conducted a month later by John Neufeld and Alexander Courage.[36] The sound effects crew, supervised byGeorge Lucas,[37] were finished by the end of April. Jurassic Park was finally completed on May 28, 1993.[36]DELL Latitude 131L Keyboard Universal spent $65 million on the marketing campaign for Jurassic Park, making deals with 100 companies to market 1,000 products.[46] These included three Jurassic Park video games by Sega and Ocean Software,[47] a toy line by Kenner that was distributed by Hasbro,[48] and a novelization aimed at young children.[49] The released soundtrack included unused material.[50] The film's trailers only gave fleeting glimpses of the dinosaurs,[51] a tactic journalist Josh Horowitz described as "that old Spielberg axiom of never revealing too much" when Spielberg and director Michael Bay did the same for their production of Transformers in 2007. HP Pavilion DV3550el Keyboard " This was a joke Spielberg made on set about the genuine, thousands of years old mosquito in amber used for Hammond's walking stick.[53] The film premiered at the National Building Museum on June 9, 1993, in Washington, D.C.,[54][55] in support of two children's charities.[56]ASUS A6M Keyboard Following the film's release, a traveling exhibition began.[57] Steve Englehart wrote a series of comic books published byTopps Comics. They acted as a continuation of the film, consisting of the two-issue Raptor, the four-issue Raptors Attack andRaptors Hijack, and Return to Jurassic Park, which lasted nine issues. All published issues were republished under the single title Jurassic Park Adventures in the United States and as Jurassic Park in the United Kingdom.[58] Ocean Software released a game sequel entitled Jurassic Park 2: The Chaos Continues in 1994 on Super NES and Game Boy.[47]SAMSUNG R20 Keyboard Jurassic Park was broadcast on television for the first time on May 7, 1995, following the April 26 airing of The Making of Jurassic Park.[59] Some 68.12 million people tuned in to watch, garnering NBC a 36 percent share of all available viewers that night. Jurassic Park was the highest-rated theatrical film broadcast on television by any network since the April 1987 airing of Trading Places.[60] In June–July 1995 the film was aired a number of times on the TNT network.[60]HP Pavilion DV6-1013tx Keyboard "The Jurassic Park Ride" went into development in November 1990[61] and premiered at Universal Studios Hollywood on June 15, 1996,[62] at a cost of $110 million.[61] Islands of Adventure in Orlando, Florida, has an entire section of the park dedicated to Jurassic Park that includes the main ride, christened "Jurassic Park River Adventure", and many smaller rides and attractions based on the series.[63] The Universal Studios theme park rides have been designed to support the film's plot, with Hammond supposedly having been contacted to rebuild the Park at the theme park location.[62]HP G62-100SL Keyboard Jurassic Park was the highest grossing film released worldwide up to that time, beating Spielberg's E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial which previously held the title (though it did not top E.T. in North America).[72] The film opened with $47 million in its first weekend[1] and had grossed $81.7 million by its first week.[73]The film stayed at number one for three weeks and eventually grossed $357 million in the U.S. and Canada.[74] The film also did very well in international markets, breaking opening records in the United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, and Taiwan,[75] ultimately earning $914 million worldwide,[1] with Spielberg reportedly making over $250 million from the film.[76] Jurassic Park's worldwide gross was topped five years later by James Cameron's Titanic.[77]ASUS Z91E Keyboard The film was widely acclaimed. High praise was heaped on the visual effects, although there was some criticism leveled at departures from the book. Janet Maslinof The New York Times called it "a true movie milestone, presenting awe- and fear-inspiring sights never before seen on the screen… On paper, this story is tailor-made for Mr. Spielberg's talents…[but] [i]t becomes less crisp on screen than it was on the page, with much of the enjoyable jargon either mumbled confusingly or otherwise thrown away."[78] DELL Studio 1558 Keyboard In Rolling Stone, Peter Travers described the film as "colossal entertainment—the eye-popping, mind-bending, kick-out-the-jams thrill ride of summer and probably the year [...] Compared with the dinos, the characters are dry bones, indeed. Crichton and co-screenwriter David Koepp have flattened them into nonentities on the trip from page to screen."[79] Lenovo 63Y0047 Keyboard Roger Ebert noted, "The movie delivers all too well on its promise to show us dinosaurs. We see them early and often, and they are indeed a triumph of special effects artistry, but the movie is lacking other qualities that it needs even more, such as a sense of awe and wonderment, and strong human story values."[80] HP G61-110SA Keyboard Henry Sheehan argued, "The complaints over Jurassic Park's lack of story and character sound a little off the point," pointing out the story arc of Grant learning to protect Hammond's grandchildren despite his initial dislike of them.[19]Empire magazine gave the film five stars, hailing it as "...quite simply one of the greatest blockbusters of all time."[81] Rotten Tomatoes rated the film a "Certified Fresh" of 90%, with an average score of 7.6 out of 10. The site's consensus states "Jurassic Park is a spectacle of special effects and life-like animatronics, with some of Spielberg's best sequences of sustained awe and sheer terror since Jaws."[82]HP Probook 4320s Keyboard In 1994, the film won all three Academy Awards it was nominated for: Best Visual Effects, Best Sound Mixing, and Best Sound Editing (at the same ceremony,Steven Spielberg, Michael Kahn, and John Williams took home Academy Awards for Schindler's List). The film won honors outside of the U.S. including the 1994BAFTA for Best Special Effects, as well as the Award for the Public's Favorite Film.[83] It won the 1994 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation,[84] HP G71-442NR Keyboard and the 1993 Saturn Awards for Best Science Fiction Film, Best Direction, Best Writing for Crichton and Koepp and Best Special Effects.[85] The film won the 1993People's Choice Awards for Favorite All-Around Motion Picture.[86] Young Artist Awards were given to Ariana Richards and Joseph Mazzello, with the film winning an Outstanding Action/Adventure Family Motion Picture award.[87]TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7135 Keyboard The American Film Institute named Jurassic Park the 35th most thrilling film of all time on June 13, 2001.[88] The Chicago Film Critics Association also rankedJurassic Park as the 55th scariest movie of all time and, in 2005, Bravo chose the scene in which Lex and Tim are stalked by two raptors in the kitchen as the 95th scariest movie moment of all time.[89][90] SONY 91160363 Keyboard On Empire magazine's fifteenth anniversary in 2004, it judged Jurassic Park the sixth most influential film of the magazine's lifetime.[91] Empire called the first encounter with a Brachiosaurus the 28th most magical moment in cinema.[92] In 2008, an Empire poll of readers, filmmakers, and critics also rated it one of the 500 greatest films of all time.[93] On Film Review's fifty-fifth anniversary in 2005, it declared the film to be one of the five most important in the magazine's lifetime.[94] In 2006, IGN ranked Jurassic Park as the 19th greatest film franchise of all time.[95]In a 2010 poll, the readers of Entertainment Weekly rated it the greatest summer movie of the previous 20 years.[96]TOSHIBA Satellite 2805-s201 Keyboard Most significantly, when many filmmakers saw Jurassic Park's use of computer-generated imagery, they realized that many of their visions, previously thought unfeasible or too expensive, were now possible. Stanley Kubrick, the director of 2001: A Space Odyssey, contacted Spielberg to direct A.I. Artificial Intelligence.[91] Filmmaker Werner Herzog was similarly impressed, citing the movie as an example of Spielberg being a "great storyteller" and that he knows how to weave special effects into coherent stories.[97] George Lucas started to make the Star Wars prequels,[98] SONY KFRMBA152A Keyboard and Peter Jackson began to re-explore his childhood love of fantasy films, a path that led him to The Lord of the Rings and King Kong.[99] Jurassic Park has also inspired films and documentaries such as the American adaptation of GodzillaCarnosaur, and Walking with Dinosaurs.[91] Stan Winston, enthusiastic about the new technology pioneered by the film, joined with IBM and director James Cameron to form a new special effects company, Digital Domain.[100]ASUS F5R Keyboard Film historian Tom Shone commented on the film's innovation and influence, saying that "In its way, Jurassic Park heralded a revolution in movies as profound as the coming of sound in 1927."[101] The Jurassic Park franchise is a series of books, films, comics, videos, and video games centering on a disastrous attempt to create a theme park of cloned dinosaurs. It began in 1990 when Universal Studios bought the rights to thenovel by Michael Crichton before it was even published. HP G62-100SL Keyboard The book was successful, as was the 1993 film adaptation which led to two sequels, although the last was not based on a novel, as the previous films were. The software developers Ocean Software, BlueSky Software, Sega of America and Telltale Games have had the rights to developing video games since the 1993 film, and numerous games have been produced. FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Keyboard The Jurassic Park Ultimate Trilogy was released on Blu-ray Disc and DVD on October 25, 2011 in North America. Jurassic Park will be re-released in 3D on April 5, 2013.[2]Jurassic Park IV will be released on June 13, 2014. Steven Spielberg and Frank Marshall are signed on as producers with a script written by Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver. TOSHIBA Satellite U305-S7467 Keyboard Michael Crichton originally conceived a screenplay around a pterosaur being cloned from fossil DNA. After wrestling with this idea for a while, he came up with Jurassic Park.[3] Steven Spielberg learned of the novel in October 1989 while he and Crichton were discussing a screenplay that would become the TV series ER. Before the book was published, Crichton put up a non-negotiable fee for $1.5 million as well as a substantial percentage of the gross. Warner Bros. and Tim Burton,Sony Columbia Pictures and Richard Donner, IBM Lenovo ThinkPad X300 Keyboard and 20th Century Fox and Joe Dante also bid for the rights,[4] Universal further paid Crichton $500,000 to adapt his own novel,[5] but in May 1990, Universal eventually decided on Spielberg making the adaption.[4] Universal desperately needed money to keep their company alive, and partially succeeded withJurassic Park, as it became a critical[6] and commercial[7] success. Compaq Presario CQ62-229SA Keyboard After Jurassic Park was released to home video, Crichton was pressured from many sources for a sequel novel. Crichton declined all offers until Spielberg himself told him that he would be keen to direct a movie adaptation of the sequel, if one were written. Crichton began work almost immediately. After the novel was published in 1995, The Lost World: Jurassic Park began production in September 1996.[8]IBM Lenovo ThinkPad X300 Keyboard Before the production of the second film, Joe Johnston approached Steven Spielberg about directing the project. While Spielberg wanted to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film, Johnston could direct.[9]Production began on August 30, 2000.[10]SAMSUNG NP-NC10-JP01 Keyboard Jurassic Park stemmed from the idea of a screenplay about cloning a pterosaur from fossilized DNA.[11] Michael Crichton worked on the idea for several years; he decided his first draft would have a theme park for the setting and a young boy as the main character.[11] Response was extremely negative, so Crichton rewrote the story to make it from an adult's point of view, which went over much better.[11]Lenovo ThinkPad T410s-2912 Keyboard A sequel novel began after readers and Steven Spielberg himself pressured Michael Crichton for a sequel novel.[12] Michael Crichton confirmed that his novel had elements taken from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel of the same name.[13] The book was also an outstanding success, both with professional and amateur critics.[12] A film adaptation was released in 1997. HP Probook 4520S Keyboard Before Crichton's book was even published studios such as Warner Bros., Columbia TriStar, 20th Century Fox, and Universal had already began bidding to acquire the picture rights. Spielberg, with the backing of Universal Studios, acquired the rights to the novel before its publication in 1990, and Crichton himself was hired by Universal Studios for an additional US$500,000 to adapt the novel into a proper screenplay. David Koepp wrote the final draft, which left out much of the novel's exposition and violence, and made numerous changes to the characters. HP G61-405SL Keyboard Jurassic Park is regarded as a landmark in the use of computer-generated imagery, and received positive reviews from critics, who praised the effects, though reactions to other elements of the picture, such as character development, were mixed. During its release, the film grossed more than $914 million worldwide, becoming the most successful film released up to that time (surpassing E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial and surpassed 4 years later by Titanic), and it is currently the 21st highest grossing feature film (taking inflation into account, it is the 20th-highest-grossing film in North America). It is the most financially successful film for NBCUniversal and Steven Spielberg. HP G62-b20SA Keyboard After the success of the first film, fans and critics alike pressured Michael Crichton for a sequel novel. Having never done one before, Crichton originally declined, but when Steven Spielberg finally started pressuring Crichton, a sequel novel was announced. As soon as the novel was published, a film was in pre-production, with a target release date of mid-1997. The film was a commercial success, breaking many box-office records when released. The film had mixed reviews, similar to its predecessor in terms of characterization. Although the film is said to be based on Crichton's novel, exactly one scene from the book was actually used in the movie. HP 640436-001 Keyboard The film centers on Isla Sorna, an auxiliary island for the main Jurassic Park island, where dinosaurs have taken over and live in the wild. Ian Malcolm goes to the island to "rescue" his girlfriend who has gone to the island, without his knowledge, to document the dinosaurs in their native habitat, while an InGen team attempts to capture them for a second Jurassic Park in San Diego. TOSHIBA Satellite L555-S7929 Keyboard Joe Johnston had been interested in directing the sequel to Jurassic Park and approached his friend Steven Spielberg about the project. While Spielberg wanted to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film, Johnston could direct.[9] Spielberg, nevertheless, stayed involved in this film by becoming its executive producer. Production began on August 30, 2000[10] with filming in California, Oahu, and Molokai.[17] The film was a success and had mixed reviews from critics. Most were split on whether the third installment was better or worse than its predecessor. The film once again suffered reviews mentioning little to no characterization. HP 599572-001 Keyboard No character who was in the second film appears in this one, although Grant and Sattler from the original installment return, and Ian Malcolm and John Hammond are mentioned. The setting is Isla Sorna, the island from the second film, after a couple hires Dr. Grant, ostensibly for a guided tour, but in reality to help rescue their son, Eric. Their plane crashes on the island, and the survivors attempt to escape, while being stalked by a Spinosaurus and Velociraptors. HP Pavilion G6-1B59WM Keyboard In June 2002 director Steven Spielberg told Starlog magazine that he planned to produce Jurassic Park IV and that director Joe Johnston, who helmed Jurassic Park III, would direct. In November 2002 screenwriter William Monahan was hired to write,[18] with the film's release slated for summer 2005.[19] In July 2003, Monahan completed the first draft, with the story no longer set in the jungle.[20] Actor Sam Neill said he was returning as Dr. Alan Grant, with filming expected to begin in 2004 in California and Hawaii.[21] In September 2004 screenwriter John Sayles was re-writing the script, with the film re-slated for a winter 2005 release.[22]Compaq Presario CQ57-311 Keyboard In October 2004 paleontologist Jack Horner said he would return as technical adviser for the fourth film as he had done for previous Jurassic Park films.[23] By April 2005 special effects artist Stan Winston explained that the delay in production was due to repeated revisions of the film's script, none of which satisfied Spielberg. According to Winston, "He felt neither of [the drafts] balanced the science and adventure elements effectively. It's a tough compromise to reach, as too much science will make the movie too talky, HP G56-141US Keyboard but too much adventure will make it seem hollow."[24][25] In March 2007 Laura Dern was asked to return for the new film, which Universal still wanted to release by 2008.[26] Director Joe Johnston was also reported not to be directing the film.[27] Richard Attenborough has been contacted about reprising the role of John Hammond.[28] Jeff Goldblum has expressed some interest in reprising his role of Ian Malcolm for the fourth film.[29]ACER Aspire 7520 Keyboard In December 2008 Frank Marshall and Kathleen Kennedy were asked if there was any development on the sequel. Kennedy responded, "No... I don't know. You know, when Michael Crichton passed away, I sorta felt maybe that's it. Maybe that's a sign that we don't mess with it."[30] While Marshall and Kennedy were no longer signed with Universal Pictures in a production capacity, the two will remain involved with the studio and its plans for Jurassic Park IV.[31] In November 2009Joe Johnston discussed the possibility of Jurassic Park IV, stating that the story for the film is completely different from that of its predecessors and would take the franchise into a whole other trilogy.[32][33]HP 605344-001 Keyboard Jurassic Park III director Joe Johnston revealed in an interview in January 2010 that Jurassic Park IV was set to be the beginning of a second Jurassic Parktrilogy.[34] He also added, “Jurassic Park IV is going to be unlike anything you’ve seen.”[35] Johnston says once he finishes Captain America, he hopefully will develop Jurassic Park IV with Steven Spielberg. SONY VAIO VGN-FS550 Keyboard Joe Johnston enthusiastically has confirmed the likelihood of the film's production more than once. On June 15, 2011 it was reported that Steven Spielberg has been brainstorming with writer Mark Protosevich on a film that happens to be the fourth film in the franchise. It is unclear whether it is a reboot or the fourth installment of the original series.[36][37] During a new interview with Joe Johnston in July 2011, he stated that Jurassic Park IV was being discussed and would be a spin-off of the history of the first trilogy.[38]HP Pavilion G6-1139TX Keyboard At the 2011 San Diego Comic-Con, Spielberg confirmed in front of at least 6,000 spectators that preparations for Jurassic Park IV were in progress, with a story ready and a script being written. Spielberg said that it would be possibly released "within the next two or three years",[39][40] with a representative from Universal saying 2013 would be the preferred deadline for completion.[41]SONY 147996611 Keyboard On October 26, 2011 Spielberg confirmed that the script was being written by Mark Protosevich, that he hoped for it to be released "in the next couple of years" and that he felt the story they were working on was stronger than that of Jurassic Park III.[42] In January 2012, Spielberg confirmed that he would not be directing the film, opting instead to be a producer.[43]HP COMPAQ NX6120 Keyboard On June 21, 2012, it was confirmed that Rise of the Planet of the Apes writers Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver would be scripting Jurassic Park IV.[44] Whether they will be continuing Mark Protosevich's script or creating a completely new script is unknown. On July 2, 2012, Frank Marshall responded to a question on Twitter which further confirmed that he will be producing Jurassic Park IV.[45]SONY KFRMBA221A Keyboard On January 11, 2013, Universal confirmed that Jurassic Park IV is scheduled for release on June 13, 2014.[46][47]Alfred Matthew "Weird Al" Yankovic (born October 23, 1959) is an American singer-songwriter, music producer,accordionist, actor, comedian, writer, satirist, and parodist. Yankovic is known for his humorous songs that make light of popular culture and that often parody specific songs by contemporary musical acts. HP Pavilion DV6-1210sa Keyboard Since his first-aired comedy song in 1976, he has sold more than 12 million albums (as of 2007),[2] recorded more than 150 parody and original songs,[3][4][5] and has performed more than 1,000 live shows.[6] His works have earned him three Grammy Awards among nine nominations, four gold records, and six platinum records in the United States. Yankovic's first top ten Billboard album (Straight Outta Lynwood) and single ("White & Nerdy") were both released in 2006, nearly three decades into his career. ACER 90.4CD07.S1D Keyboard Yankovic's success comes in part from his effective use of music video to further parody popular culture, the song's original artist, and the original music videos themselves, scene-for-scene in some cases. He directed later videos himself and went on to direct for other artists including Ben Folds, Hanson, Black Crowes, and The Presidents of the United States of America. In addition to recording his albums, Yankovic wrote and starred in the film, UHF, and television show, The Weird Al Show. He has also made guest appearances on many television shows, in addition to starring in Al TV specials on MTV.[1]SONY VAIO PCG-FR215H Keyboard Alfred was born in Downey, California, and raised in the town of Lynwood. He is the only child of Nick Louis Yankovic (June 4, 1917 – April 9, 2004)[7] and Mary Elizabeth (née Vivalda; February 7, 1923 – April 9, 2004).[7] His father was born in Kansas City, Kansas of Yugoslavian[7][8] descent, and began living in California after serving during World War II;[9][10] he believed "the key to success" was "doing for a living whatever makes you happy" and often reminded his son of this philosophy.[9] Nick Yankovic married Mary Elizabeth Vivalda in 1949. Mary, who was of Italian and English descent, and had come to California fromKentucky, gave birth to Alfred ten years later.[9]Lenovo 04W0872 Keyboard Al's first accordion lesson, which sparked his career in music, was on the day before his sixth birthday. A door-to-door salesman traveling through Lynwood offered the Yankovic parents a choice of accordion or guitar lessons at a local music school. Yankovic claims the reason his parents chose accordion over guitar was "They figured there should be at least one more accordion-playing Yankovic in the world", referring to Frankie Yankovic, to whom he is not related directly.[11] Yankovic said that "[his] parents chose the accordion because they were convinced it would revolutionize rock."[8] He continued lessons at the school for three years before continuing to learn on his own.[7] Yankovic's early accordion role models include Frankie Yankovic and Myron Floren (the accordionist on The Lawrence Welk Show). DELL Latitude D830 Keyboard In the 1970s, Yankovic was a big fan of Elton John and claims John's Goodbye Yellow Brick Road album "was partly how I learned to play rock 'n roll on the accordion."[9] As for his influences in comedic and parody music, Yankovic lists artists including Tom Lehrer, Stan Freberg, Spike Jones, Allan Sherman, Shel Silverstein and Frank Zappa "and all the other wonderfully sick and twisted artists that he was exposed to through the Dr. Demento Radio Show."[7][12] Other sources of inspiration for his comedy come from Mad magazine,[9] Monty Python,[13] and the Zucker, Abrahams and Zucker parody movies.[14]SONY VAIO VGN-NR11Z/S Keyboard Yankovic began kindergarten a year earlier than most children, and he skipped the second grade. "My classmates seemed to think I was some kind of rocket scientist so I was labeled a nerd early on", he recalls.[9] As his unusual schooling left him two years younger than most of his classmates, Yankovic was not interested in sports or social events at school. He was valedictorian of his senior class.[9] Yankovic was active in his school's extracurricular programs, including the National Forensic League, a play based upon Rebel Without a Cause, the yearbook (for which he wrote most of the captions), and the Volcano Worshippers club, "which did absolutely nothing. We started the club just to get an extra picture of ourselves in the yearbook."[9]iba-satellite-m640-keyboard.html">TOSHIBA Satellite M640 Keyboard Yankovic received his first exposure via southern California and syndicated comedy radio personality Dr. Demento's radio show, saying "If there hadn't been a Dr. Demento, I'd probably have a real job now."[15] In 1976, Dr. Demento spoke at Yankovic's school where the then 16-year-old Yankovic gave him a homemade tapeof original and parody songs performed on the accordion in Yankovic's bedroom into a "cheesy little tape recorder". The tape's first song was "Belvedere Cruisin'", about his family's Plymouth Belvedere, was played on Demento's comedy radio show, launching Yankovic's career. Demento said, "'Belvedere Cruising' might not have been the very best song I ever heard, but it had some clever lines [...] I put the tape on the air immediately."[9][16] Yankovic also played at local coffeehouses, saying: TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7220 Keyboard It was sort of like amateur music night, and a lot of people were like wannabe Dan Fogelbergs. They'd get up on stage with their acoustic guitar and do these lovely ballads. And I would get up with my accordion and play the theme from 2001. And people were kind of shocked that I would be disrupting their mellow Thursday night folk fest.[17]HP 640436-001 Keyboard During Yankovic's sophomore year as an architecture student at Cal Poly at San Luis Obispo, he became a disc jockey at the university's radio station, KCPR. Yankovic said he had been nicknamed Weird Al by fellow students and "took it on professionally" as his persona for the station.[9] In 1978, he released his first recording (as Alfred Yankovic), "Take Me Down", on the LP, Slo Grown, as a benefit for the Economic Opportunity Commission of San Luis Obispo County. The song mocked famous nearby landmarks such as Bubblegum Alley and the fountain toilets at the Madonna Inn. SONY VAIO VGN-NR21Z/S Keyboard In mid-1979, shortly before his senior year, "My Sharona" by The Knack was on the charts and Yankovic took his accordion into the restroom across the hall from the radio station (to take advantage of the echo chamber acoustics) and recorded a parody titled "My Bologna". He sent it to Dr. Demento, who played it to good response from listeners. COMPAQ 367777-001 Keyboard Yankovic met The Knack after a show at his college and introduced himself as the author of "My Bologna". The Knack's lead singer, Doug Fieger, said he liked the song and suggested that Capitol Records vice president Rupert Perry release it as a single.[9] "My Bologna" was released as a single with "School Cafeteria" as its B-side, and the label gave Yankovic a six-month recording contract. Yankovic, who was "only getting average grades" in his architecture degree, began to realize that he might make a career of comedic music.[9]HP G42-359TU Keyboard On September 14, 1980, Yankovic was a guest on the Dr. Demento Show, where he was to record a new parody live. The song was called "Another One Rides the Bus", a parody of Queen's hit, "Another One Bites the Dust". While practicing the song outside the sound booth, he met Jon "Bermuda" Schwartz, who told him he was a drummer and agreed to bang on Yankovic's accordion case to help Yankovic keep a steady beat during the song. They rehearsed the song just a few times before the show began.[9] "Another One Rides the Bus" became so popular that Yankovic's first television appearance was a performance of the song on The Tomorrow Show(April 21, 1981) with Tom Snyder. On the show, Yankovic played his accordion, and again, Schwartz banged on the accordion case and provided comical sound effects. HP 317443-001 Keyboard 1981 brought Yankovic on tour for the first time as part of Dr. Demento's stage show. His stage act in a Phoenix, Arizona, nightclub caught the eye of manager Jay Levey, who was "blown away".[9] Levey asked Yankovic if he had considered creating a full band and doing his music as a career. Yankovic admitted that he had, so Levey held auditions. Steve Jay became Yankovic's bass player, and Jay's friend Jim West played guitar. Schwartz continued on drums. Yankovic's first show with his new band was on March 31, 1982.[6] Several days later, Yankovic and his band were the opening act for Missing Persons. DELL Latitude D830 Keyboard Yankovic recorded "I Love Rocky Road", (a parody of "I Love Rock 'n' Roll" as recorded by Joan Jett and The Blackhearts) which was produced by Rick Derringer, in 1982. The song was a hit on Top 40 radio, leading to Yankovic's signing with Scotti Brothers Records. In 1983, Yankovic's first self-titled album was released on Scotti Bros. The song Ricky was released as a single and the music video received exposure on the still-young MTV. Yankovic released his second album "Weird Al" Yankovic in 3-D in 1984. The first single "Eat It", ACER Aspire 7520 Keyboard a parody of the Michael Jackson song "Beat It", became popular, thanks in part to the music video, a shot-for-shot parody of Jackson's "Beat It" music video, and what Yankovic described as his "uncanny resemblance" to Jackson. Peaking at number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100 on April 14, 1984,[18] "Eat It" remained Yankovic's highest-charting single until "White & Nerdy" placed at number 9 in October 2006.[19]SONY VAIO VGN-FS775P/H Keyboard In 1985, Yankovic co-wrote and starred in a mockumentary of his own life titled The Compleat Al, which intertwined the facts of his life up to that point with fiction. The movie also featured some clips from Yankovic's trip to Japan and some clips from the Al TV specials. The Compleat Al was co-directed by Jay Levey, who would direct UHF four years later. Also released around the same time as The Compleat Al was The Authorized Al, a biographical book based on the film. The book, resembling a scrapbook, included real and fictional humorous photographs and documents. HP pavilion DV7-1000 Keyboard Yankovic and his band toured as the opening act for The Monkees in mid-1987 for their second reunion tour of North America. Yankovic claims to have enjoyed touring with The Monkees, despite the fact "the promoter gypped us out of a bunch of money."[20]TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Keyboard Yankovic also appeared on the Wendy Carlos recording of Prokofiev's "Peter and the Wolf" as the narrator in 1988. The album also included a sequel of Camille Saint-Saëns's composition The Carnival of the Animals titled the "Carnival of the Animals Part II", with Yankovic providing humorous poems for each of the featured creatures in the style of Ogden Nash, who had written humorous poems for the original. Rubén Valtierra joined the band on keyboards in 1991, allowing Yankovic to concentrate more on singing and increasing his use of the stage space during concerts. Compaq Presario CQ57-311 Keyboard A factual biographical booklet of Yankovic's life, written by Dr. Demento, was released with the 1994 box set compilation Permanent Record: Al in the Box.[9] The Dr. Demento Society, which issues yearly Christmas re-releases of material from Dr. Demento's Basement Tapes, often includes unreleased tracks from Yankovic's vaults, such as "Pacman", "It's Still Billy Joel To Me" or the live version of "School Cafeteria".SONY VAIO VGN-CR520E Keyboard SONY VAIO VGN-NR10 Keyboard TOSHIBA Satellite A305 Keyboard

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