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Twain's next venture was a work of straight fiction that he called Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc and dedicated to his wife. Twain had long said that this was the work he was most proud of, despite the criticism he received for it. The book had been a dream of his since childhood. HP G62 Notebook PC Series Battery

He claimed he had found a manuscript detailing the life of Joan of Arcwhen he was an adolescent.[32] This was another piece Twain was convinced would save his publishing company. His financial adviser, Henry Huttleston Rogers, quashed that idea and got Twain out of that business altogether, but the book was published nonetheless.HP G62t-100 CTO Battery

During this time of dire financial straits, Twain published several literary reviews in newspapers to help make ends meet. He famously derided James Fenimore Cooper in his article detailing Cooper's "Literary Offenses." He became an extremely outspoken critic not only of other authors, but also of other critics, suggesting that before praising Cooper's work, Professors Loundsbury, Brander Matthes, and Wilkie Collins "ought to have read some of it."[56] HP G62t Battery


Other authors to fall under Twain's attack during this time period (beginning around 1890 until his death) were George Eliot, Jane Austen, and Robert Louis Stevenson.[57] In addition to providing a source for the "tooth and claw" style of literary criticism, HP G72-100 Battery

Twain outlines in several letters and essays what he considers to be "quality writing." He places emphasis on concision, utility of word choice, and realism (he complains that Cooper'sDeerslayer purports to be realistic but has several shortcomings). Ironically, several of his works were later criticized for lack of continuity (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn) and organization (Pudd'nhead Wilson). HP G72-101SA Battery


Twain's wife died in 1904 while the couple were staying at the Villa di Quarto in Florence, and after an appropriate time Twain allowed himself to publish some works that his wife, ade facto editor and censor throughout his life, had looked down upon. HP G72-102SA Battery

Of these works, The Mysterious Stranger, depicting various visits of Satan to the Earth, is perhaps the best known. This particular work was not published in Twain's lifetime. HP G72-105SA Battery

There were three versions found in his manuscripts made between 1897 and 1905: the Hannibal, Eseldorf, and Print Shop versions. Confusion between the versions led to an extensive publication of a jumbled version, and only recently have the original versions as Twain wrote them become available. HP G72-110EL Battery


Twain's last work was his autobiography, which he dictated and thought would be most entertaining if he went off on whims and tangents in non-chronological order. Some archivists and compilers have rearranged the biography into more conventional forms, thereby eliminating some of Twain's humor and the flow of the book. The first volume of autobiography, HP G72-110EV Battery

over 736 pages, was published by the University of California in November 2010, 100 years after his death as Twain wished.[58][59] It soon became an unexpected[60]best selling book,[61] making Twain one of very few authors publishing new best-selling volumes in all 3 of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. HP G72-110SA Battery


Friendship with Henry H. Rogers

While Twain credited Henry H. Rogers, a Standard Oil executive, with saving him from financial ruin, their close friendship in their later years was mutually beneficial. HP G72-110SD Battery

When Twain lost three of his four children and his beloved wife, the Rogers family increasingly became a surrogate family for him. He became a frequent guest at their townhouse in New York City, their 48-room summer home in Fairhaven, Massachusetts, and aboard their steam yacht, the KanawhaHP G72-110SO Battery


The two men introduced each other to their acquaintances. Twain was an admirer of the remarkable deafblind girl Helen Keller. He first met Keller and her teacher Anne Sullivan at a party in the home of Laurence Hutton in New York City in the winter of 1894. HP G72-110SW Battery

Twain introduced them to Rogers, who, with his wife, paid for Keller's education at Radcliffe College. Twain is credited with labeling Sullivan, Keller's governess and companion, a "miracle worker." His choice of words later became inspiration for the title of William Gibson's play and film adaptation, The Miracle WorkerHP G72-120EG Battery

Twain also introduced Rogers tojournalist Ida M. Tarbell, who interviewed him for a muckraking expose that led indirectly to the breakup of the Standard Oil Trust. On cruises aboard the Kanawha, Twain and Rogers were joined at frequent intervals by Booker T. Washington, the famed former slave who had become a leading educator. HP G72-120EP Battery


While the two famous old men were widely regarded as drinking and poker buddies, they also exchanged letters when apart, and this was often since each traveled a great deal. Unlike Rogers' personal files, which have never become public, HP G72-120EV Battery

these insightful letters were published.[62] The written exchanges between the two men demonstrate Twain's well-known sense of humor and, more surprisingly, Rogers' sense of fun, providing a rare insight into the private side of the robber baron. HP G72-120EW Battery


In April 1907, Twain and Rogers cruised to the opening of the Jamestown Exposition inVirginia. Twain's public popularity was such that many fans took boats out to the Kanawhaat anchor in hopes of getting a glimpse of him. As the gathering of boats around the yacht became a safety hazard, he finally obliged by coming on deck and waving to the crowds. HP G72-120SD Battery


Because of poor weather conditions, the steam yacht was delayed for several days from venturing into the Atlantic Ocean. Rogers and some of the others in his party returned to New York by rail; Twain disliked train travel and so elected to wait and return on theKanawhaHP G72-120SG Battery

However, reporters lost track of his whereabouts; when he failed to return to New York City as scheduled, The New York Times speculated that he might have been "lost at sea." Upon arriving safely in New York and learning of this,HP G72-120SO Battery

the humorist wrote a satirical article about the episode, offering to "...make an exhaustive investigation of this report that I have been lost at sea. If there is any foundation for the report, I will at once apprise the anxious public."[63] HP G72-130 Battery

This bore similarities to an earlier event in 1897 when he made his famous remark "The report of my death was an exaggeration," after a reporter was sent to investigate whether he had died. In fact, it was his cousin who was seriously ill. HP G72-130EG Battery


Later that year, Twain and Rogers's son, Henry Jr., returned to the Jamestown Exposition aboard the Kanawha. The humorist helped host Robert Fulton Day on September 23, 1907, celebrating the centennial of Fulton's invention of the steamboat. Twain, filling in for ailing former U.S. President Grover Cleveland, introduced Rear Admiral Purnell Harrington. HP G72-130EV Battery

Twain was met with a five-minute standing ovation; members of the audience cheered and waved their hats and umbrellas. Deeply touched, Twain said, "When you appeal to my head, I don't feel it; but when you appeal to my heart, I do feel it."[64] HP G72-130SF Battery


In April 1909, the two old friends returned to Norfolk, Virginia for the banquet in honor of Rogers and his newly completed Virginian Railway. Twain was the keynote speaker in one of his last public appearances, and was widely quoted in newspapers across the country.[65] HP G72-140ED Battery


A month later, Twain was en route from Connecticut to visit his friend in New York City when Rogers died suddenly on May 20, 1909. Twain arrived at Grand Central Station to be met by his daughter with the news. Stricken with grief, he uncustomarily avoided news reporters who had gathered, saying only "This is terrible...I cannot talk about it." HP G72-260US Battery

Two days later, he served as an honorary pallbearer at the funeral in New York City. However, he declined to join the funeral party on the train ride for the interment at Fairhaven. He said "I cannot bear to travel with my friend and not converse." HP G72-a30SA Battery



Before 1899 Twain was an ardent imperialist. In the late 1860s and early 1870s he spoke out strongly in favor of American interests in the Hawaiian Islands.[68] In the mid-1890s he explained later, he was "a red-hot imperialist. I wanted the American eagle to go screaming over the Pacific."[69] He said the war with Spain in 1898 was "the worthiest" war ever fought.[70] HP G72-b01SA Battery

In 1899 he reversed course, and from 1901, soon after his return from Europe, until his death in 1910, Twain was vice-president of the American Anti-Imperialist League,[71] which opposed the annexation of the Philippines by the United States and had "tens of thousands of members."[25] He wrote many political pamphlets for the organization.HP G72-b02SA Battery

The Incident in the Philippines, posthumously published in 1924, was in response to the Moro Crater Massacre, in which six hundred Moros were killed. Many of his neglected and previously uncollected writings on anti-imperialism appeared for the first time in book form in 1992.[71] HP G72-b10SA Battery


Twain was critical of imperialism in other countries as well. In Following the Equator, Twain expresses "hatred and condemnation of imperialism of all stripes."[25] He was highly critical of European imperialism, notably of Cecil Rhodes, who greatly expanded the British Empire, and of Leopold II, King of the Belgians.[25] HP G72-b15SA Battery

King Leopold's Soliloquy is a stingingpolitical satire about his private colony, the Congo Free State. Reports of outrageous exploitation and grotesque abuses led to widespread international protest in the early 1900s, arguably the first large-scale human rights movement. HP G72-b20SA Battery

In the soliloquy, the King argues that bringing Christianity to the country outweighs a little starvation. Leopold'srubber gatherers were tortured, maimed and slaughtered, until the movement forcedBrussels to call a halt.[72][73] HP G72 Battery


During the Philippine-American War, Twain wrote a short pacifist story entitled The War Prayer, which makes the point that humanism and Christianity's preaching of love are incompatible with the conduct of war. It was submitted to Harper's Bazaar for publication, but on March 22, 1905 the magazine rejected the story as "not quite suited to a woman's magazine." HP G72 Notebook PC Series Battery

Eight days later, Twain wrote to his friend Daniel Carter Beard, to whom he had read the story, "I don't think the prayer will be published in my time. None but the dead are permitted to tell the truth." Because he had an exclusive contract with Harper & Brothers, Twain could not publish The War Prayer elsewhere; it remained unpublished until 1923. It was republished as campaigning material by Vietnam War protesters.[25] HP G72t Battery


Twain acknowledged he originally sympathized with the more moderate Girondins of theFrench Revolution and then shifted his sympathies to the more radical Sansculottes, indeed identifying as "a Marat." Twain supported the revolutionaries in Russia against the reformists, arguing that the Tsar must be got rid of, by violent means, because peaceful ones would not work.[74] He summed up his views of revolutions in the following statement: HP Pavilion dv3-4000 Battery



Twain was an adamant supporter of abolition and emancipation, even going so far to say “Lincoln's Proclamation ... not only set the black slaves free, but set the white man free also.”[76] He argued that non-whites did not receive justice in the United States, once saying “I have seen Chinamen abused and maltreated in all the mean, HP Pavilion dv3-4010sg Battery

cowardly ways possible to the invention of a degraded nature....but I never saw a Chinaman righted in a court of justice for wrongs thus done to him.”[77] He paid for at least one black person to attend Yale University Law School and for another black person to attend a southern university to become a minister.[78] HP Pavilion dv3-4020sp Battery


Mark Twain was a staunch supporter of women's rights and an active campaigner forwomen's suffrage. His "Votes for Women" speech, in which he pressed for the granting of voting rights to women, is considered one of the most famous in history.[79] HP Pavilion dv3-4029TX Battery


Helen Keller benefited from Twain's support, as she pursued her college education and publishing, despite her disabilities and financial limitations.

Twain's views on race were not reflected in his early sketches of Native Americans. Of them, Twain wrote in 1870:HP Pavilion dv3-4031TX Battery



Although Twain was a Presbyterian, he was sometimes critical of organized religion and certain elements of Christianity through his later life. He wrote, for example, "Faith is believing what you know ain't so," and "If Christ were here now there is one thing he would not be – a Christian."[86] HP Pavilion dv3-4035tx Battery

Nonetheless, as a mature adult he engaged in religious discussions and attended services, his theology developing as he wrestled with the deaths of loved ones and his own mortality.[87] HP Pavilion dv3-4057tx Battery

His own experiences and suffering of his family made him particularly critical of "faith healing," such as espoused by Mary Baker Eddy andChristian Science. His more inflammatory works on religion require a nuanced understanding of his theological arguments and criticism.[87] HP Pavilion dv3-4050ea Battery


Twain generally avoided publishing his most heretical opinions on religion in his lifetime, and they are known from essays and stories that were published later. In the essay Three Statements of the Eighties in the 1880s, Twain stated that he believed in an almighty God, HP Pavilion dv3-4059tx Battery

but not in any messages, revelations, holy scriptures such as the Bible, Providence, or retribution in the afterlife. He did state that "the goodness, the justice, and the mercy of God are manifested in His works," but also that "the universe is governed by strict and immutable laws," which determine "small matters," such as who dies in a pestilence.[88] HP Pavilion dv3-4100 Battery

At other times he wrote or spoke in ways that contradicted a strict deist view, for example, plainly professing a belief in Providence.[89] In some later writings in the 1890s, he was less optimistic about the goodness of God, observing that "if our Maker is all-powerful for good or evil, HP Pavilion dv3-4100sa Battery

He is not in His right mind." At other times, he conjectured sardonically that perhaps God had created the world with all its tortures for some purpose of His own, but was otherwise indifferent to humanity, which was too petty and insignificant to deserve His attention anyway.[90] HP Pavilion dv3-4102tx Battery


Main article: Twain-Ament Indemnities Controversy

In 1901 Twain criticized the actions of missionary Dr. William Scott Ament (1851–1909) because Ament and other missionaries had collected indemnities from Chinese subjects in the aftermath of the Boxer Uprising of 1900. HP Pavilion dv3-4105tx Battery

Twain's response to hearing of Ament's methods was published in the North American Review in February 1901: To the Person Sitting in Darkness, and deals with examples of imperialism in China, South Africa, and with the U.S. occupation of the Philippines.[91] HP Pavilion dv3-4106tx Battery

A subsequent article, "To My Missionary Critics" published in The North American Review in April 1901, unapologetically continues his attack, but with the focus shifted from Ament to his missionary superiors, the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.[92] HP Pavilion dv3-4107tx Battery


After his death, Twain's family suppressed some of his work that was especially irreverent toward conventional religion, notably Letters from the Earth, which was not published until his daughter Clara reversed her position in 1962 in response to Soviet propaganda about the withholding.[93] HP Pavilion dv3-4121tx Battery

The anti-religious The Mysterious Stranger was published in 1916.Little Bessie, a story ridiculing Christianity, was first published in the 1972 collection Mark Twain's Fables of Man.[94] HP Pavilion dv3-4123tx Battery


Despite these views, he raised money to build a Presbyterian Church in Nevada in 1864, although it has been argued that it was only by his association with his Presbyterian brother that he did that.[95] HP Pavilion dv3-4124tx Battery


Twain created a reverent portrayal of Joan of Arc, a subject over which he had obsessed for forty years, studied for a dozen years and spent two years writing.[96] In 1900 and again in 1908, he stated, "I like Joan of Arc best of all my books, it is the best." [96][97] HP Pavilion dv3-4200 Battery


Those who knew Twain well late in life recount that he dwelt on the subject of the afterlife, his daughter Clara saying: "Sometimes he believed death ended everything, but most of the time he felt sure of a life beyond."[98] HP Pavilion dv3-4207tx Battery


Mark Twain's frankest views on religion appeared in his final Autobiography, which was published 100 years after his death, in November 2010. In it, he said,[99] HP Pavilion dv3-4208tx Battery


Pen names

Twain used different pen names before deciding on "'Mark Twain". He signed humorous and imaginative sketches as "Josh" until 1863. Additionally, he used the pen name "Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass" for a series of humorous letters.[102] HP Pavilion dv5-1200 Battery


He maintained that his primary pen name came from his years working on Mississippi riverboats, where two fathoms, a depth indicating safe water for passage of boat, was measured on the sounding line. Twain is an archaic term for "two". HP Pavilion dv5-1208TX SE Battery

The riverboatman's cry was "mark twain" or, more fully, "by the mark twain", meaning "according to the mark [on the line], [the depth is] two [fathoms]," that is, "The water is 12 feet (3.7 m) deep and it is safe to pass." HP Pavilion dv5-1200 Special Edition Battery

Twain claimed that his famous pen name was not entirely his invention. In Life on the Mississippi, he wrote: HP Pavilion dv5-1209TX SE Battery

Captain Isaiah Sellers was not of literary turn or capacity, but he used to jot down brief paragraphs of plain practical information about the river, and sign them "MARK TWAIN," and give them to the New Orleans PicayuneHP Pavilion dv5-1222TX Battery

They related to the stage and condition of the river, and were accurate and valuable; ... At the time that the telegraph brought the news of his death, I was on the Pacific coast. I was a fresh new journalist, and needed a nom de guerre; HP Pavilion dv5-1232TX Battery

so I confiscated the ancient mariner's discarded one, and have done my best to make it remain what it was in his hands – a sign and symbol and warrant that whatever is found in its company may be gambled on as being the petrified truth; how I have succeeded, it would not be modest in me to say.[103] HP Pavilion dv5-1233se Battery

Twain's story about his pen name has been questioned by biographer George Williams III,[104] the Territorial Enterprise newspaper,[105] and Purdue University's Paul Fatout.[106]The claim is that "mark twain" refers to a running bar tab that Twain would regularly incur while drinking at John Piper's saloon in Virginia City, Nevada. HP Pavilion dv5-1241la Battery


Twain's legacy lives on today as his namesakes continue to multiply. Several schools are named after him, including Mark Twain Elementary School in Houston, Texas, which has a statue of Twain sitting on a bench, and Mark Twain Intermediate School in New York. HP Pavilion dv5-1247la Battery

There are several schools named Mark Twain Middle School in different states, as well as Samuel Clemens High School in Schertz, near San Antonio, Texas. There are also other structures, such as the Mark Twain Memorial Bridge. HP Pavilion dv5-1250us Battery


Mark Twain Village is a United States Army installation located in the Südstadt district ofHeidelberg, Germany. It is one of two American bases in the United States Army Garrison Heidelberg that house American soldiers and their families (the other being Patrick Henry Village). HP Pavilion dv5-1300 Battery


Awards in his name proliferate. In 1998, The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts created the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor, awarded annually. The Mark Twain Award is an award given annually to a book for children in grades four through eight by the Missouri Association of School Librarians. HP Pavilion dv5-2000 Battery

Stetson University in DeLand, Floridasponsors the Mark Twain Young Authors' Workshop each summer in collaboration with the Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum in Hannibal. The program is open to young authors in grades five through eight.[107] The museum sponsors the Mark Twain Creative Teaching Award.[108] HP Pavilion dv5-2034la Battery

Buildings associated with Twain, including some of his many homes, have been preserved as museums. His birthplace is preserved in Florida, Missouri. The Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum in Hannibal, Missouri preserves the setting for some of the author's best known work. HP Pavilion dv5-2045la Battery

The home of childhood friend Laura Hawkins, said to be the inspiration for his fictional character Becky Thatcher, is preserved as the "Thatcher House." HP Pavilion dv6-3000 Battery


In May 2007, a painstaking reconstruction of the home of Tom Blankenship, the inspiration for Huckleberry Finn, was opened to the public. The family home he had built in Hartford, Connecticut, where he and his wife raised their three daughters, is preserved and open to visitors as the Mark Twain House. HP Pavilion dv5-2046la Battery


Asteroid 2362 Mark Twain was named after him.

On December 4, 1985, the United States Postal Service issued a stamped envelope for "Mark Twain and Halley's Comet," noting the connection with Twain's birth, his death, and the comet.[109] On June 25, 2011, the Postal Service released a Forever stamp in his honor.[110] HP Pavilion dv6-3005sa Battery



Main article: Mark Twain in popular culture

Twain is often depicted wearing a white suit. While there is evidence that suggests that, after Livy's death in 1904, Twain began wearing white suits on the lecture circuit, modern representations suggesting that he wore them throughout his life are unfounded. HP Pavilion dv6-3005TX Battery

However, there is evidence of him wearing a white suit before 1904. In 1882, he sent a photograph of himself in a white suit to 18-year-old Edward W. Bok, later publisher of the Ladies Home Journal, with a handwritten dated note on verso. HP Pavilion dv6-3006TX Battery

It did eventually become his trademark, as illustrated in anecdotes about this eccentricity (such as the time he wore a white summer suit to a Congressional hearing during the winter).[32] McMasters' The Mark Twain Encyclopedia states that Twain did not wear a white suit in his last three years, except at one banquet speech.[111]HP Pavilion dv6-3010sa Battery


Actor Hal Holbrook created a one-man show called Mark Twain Tonight, which he has performed regularly for about 57 years.[112] The broadcast by CBS in 1967 won him anEmmy Award. Of the three runs on Broadway (1966, 1977, and 2005), the first won him aTony Award. HP Pavilion dv6-3011TX Battery


Club career

A former Northern Ireland international, Murdock started his career as an apprentice atManchester United on leaving school in 1991. He featured in the youth side that were FA Youth Cup runners-up in 1993 and turned professional a year later, but never played a first team game for the club and was transferred to Preston for £165,000 in May 1997. HP Pavilion dv6-3015sa Battery


Murdock made more than 200 league and cup appearances while at Deepdale, collecting a Division Two title medal in 2000 and featuring in the side that reached the Division Oneplayoff final in 2001 (losing 3–0 to Bolton Wanderers) before moving to Scottish clubHibernian in 2003. HP Pavilion dv6-3020sa Battery

This gave him the long-awaited chance to experience top division football. During his time at Easter Road, he went from villain to hero when he scored the winning goal in a penalty shootout against Rangers in a CIS Cup semi-final.HP Pavilion dv6-3025sa Battery


Murdock joined Crewe in the latter part of 2004–05. He skippered the team and his form helped to steer them clear of relegation. In summer 2005, Murdock signed for Rotherham, where he captained the team and brought experience to the centre of the Rotherham defence, making 43 league appearances in two seasons, scoring twice.HP Pavilion dv6-3026tx Battery

At the end of the2006–07 season after a season blighted by injuries he left Rotherham. Following a brief trial period he signed a one-year contract with Shrewsbury.[2] He made 29 league appearances and scored two goals for the Shrews, but was released by new managerPaul Simpson on 29 April 2008.[3] HP Pavilion dv6-3030sa Battery


On 16 May 2008, Murdock signed a one-year deal with Accrington Stanley .[4]

At the end of season 2008/09 Murdock retired from professional football after 17 years and 417 appearances to commence a new career as a sports lawyer. HP Pavilion dv6-3030TX Battery


Murdock's father was a travelling salesman, while his mother took up laundry and scrubbed floors to make ends meet. Murdock is the middle child of three, he had two sisters. He was particularly close to his mother, who died at 42 from cancer.[2] HP Pavilion dv6-3031sa Battery


Murdock has been married five times. He married his third wife, Gabriele, in 1967. He had two children with Gabriele. When he married Gabriele, he also adopted her son from a previous marriage, Eugene, making a total of three children. HP Pavilion dv6-3032sa Battery

Gabriele was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 1983 and died in 1985. A year later, Eugene died after hitting his head while swimming in the family estate's swimming pool. In 2004, Justin Murdock became his only surviving child, after another son David Murdock Jr. HP Pavilion dv6-3032TX Battery

died in an auto accident on the Santa Monica Freeway.[2] Justin Murdock currently serves as CEO and Executive Chairman of the Board of NovaRX. Justin is also Senior Vice President of Investments for both Castle & Cooke and the Dole Food Company. He serves on the executive boards of both companies, as well as their audit and finance committees. HP Pavilion dv6-3033sa Battery


In 1985, Murdock took over the nearly bankrupt Hawaiian firm Castle & Cooke, which owned pineapple and banana producer Dole Food Company. As a result of his purchase of Castle & Cooke, Murdock acquired ownership of Lana'i, the sixth largest island inHawaii. HP Pavilion dv6-3035sa Battery

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He developed Castle & Cooke's real estate portfolio into residential and commercial properties and turned Dole into the world's largest producer of fruits and vegetables. Acquiring Dole privately in 2003, Murdock completed a $446 million initial public offering in October 2009 and the company now trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker DOLE. Other companies include Pacific Clay. HP Pavilion dv6-3042TX Battery


More recently Murdock has helped contribute to the redevelopment of a 5,800,000-square-foot (540,000 m2) complex in Kannapolis, North Carolina of a biotechnology research center known as the North Carolina Research Campus.[2] The research center is a joint public-private venture, involving major North Carolina universities and private investment. HP Pavilion dv6-3044sa Battery

The site of the research center in the middle of Kannapolis was formerly occupied by Plant #1 of Cannon Mills (which became Pillowtex after a series of mergers and acquisitions). Pillowtex filed for bankruptcy in 2003, and closed the once-thriving mill where Cannon towels and sheets were made, HP Pavilion dv6-3045sa Battery

and was the basis for the creation of the town of Kannapolis. The closing of Plant #1 resulted in the largest mass layoff of workers in North Carolina history. Murdock acquired the site and demolished the mill in 2006. HP Pavilion dv6-3046sa Battery

After the death of his third wife, Gabriele, Murdock has been deeply committed to finding a cure for cancer, advancing nutrition and life extension. HP Pavilion dv6-3048sa Battery

He established the Dole Nutrition Institute to teach the benefits of a plant-based diet to promote health and prevent disease. With the help of UCLA, he oversaw the writing of the "Encyclopedia of Foods, A Guide to Healthy Nutrition." In 2006 he opened the California Health and Longevity Institute (CHLI). HP Pavilion dv6-3047sa Battery


Murdock opposes governmental involvement in issues relating to both gay andheterosexual marriage. He also opposes the War on Drugs.[5] HP Pavilion dv6-3048tx Battery


In September 2005, Murdock went on record calling the New Orleans' Danzinger bridge shooting, involving the killing of innocent civilians by the NOPD and subsequent cover-up,[6] a "magnificent and morally pristine use of force".[7] Journalist Radley Balko claims that Murdock has yet to retract his written account of the shootings.[8] HP Pavilion dv6-3050eo Battery


He said on MSNBC's "Hardball with Chris Matthews" on September 16, 2007 that he believes Saddam Hussein was involved in perpetrating the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on America. Murdock cited Smith v. Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan., 262 F. Supp. 2d 217,[9] HP Pavilion dv6-3050sa Battery

a federal case heard by U.S. District Judge Harold Baer, Jr.. In Smith v. Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, Judge Baer ruled that Hussein's Baathist government and the Taliban assisted Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda. Judge Baer—who President Clinton nominated in April 1994—ordered Hussein, HP Pavilion dv6-3055sa Battery

Iraq's former government, and this case's other losing parties to pay $104 million in civil damages to the families of George Eric Smith and Timothy Soulas, both murdered on September 11, 2001 at the World Trade Center. Judge Baer added: HP Pavilion dv6-3056sa Battery

"Again, since the al-Qaeda defendants and Iraq are jointly and severally liable, they are all responsible for the payment of any judgment that may be entered." Murdock details this case, and presents extensive additional evidence of Saddam Hussein's philanthropy of terror on a webpage he developed called HUSSEINandTERROR.com.[10] HP Pavilion dv6-3057sa Battery

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