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He wrote the screenplay for the movies Extreme Close Up (1973) and Twister (1996), the latter co-written with Anne-Marie Martin, his wife at the time. While Jurassic Park and The Lost World were both based on Crichton's novels, Jurassic Park III was not (though scenes from the Jurassic Park novel were incorporated into the third film, such as the aviary). HP Pavilion dm4-1027tx Battery

Crichton was also the creator and executive producer of the television drama ER. He had written what became the pilot script in 1974. Twenty years later Steven Spielberg helped develop the show, serving as a producer on season one and offering advice (he insisted on Julianna Margulies becoming a regular, for example). HP Pavilion dm4-1028tx Battery

It was also through Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment that John Wells was contacted to be the show's executive producer. In 1994, Crichton achieved the unique distinction of having a #1 movie, Jurassic Park,[citation needed] a #1 TV show, ER,[citation needed] and a #1 book,Disclosure.[60][61] HP Pavilion dm4-1029tx Battery

Intelligence Squared "Global Warming is Not a Crisis" debate

On March 14, 2007, Intelligence Squared held a debate in New York City entitled Global Warming is Not a Crisis, moderated by Brian Lehrer. Crichton was on the for the motionside along with Richard Lindzen and Philip Stott against Gavin Schmidt, Richard Somerville, and Brenda Ekwurzel. Before the debate, the audience were largely on theAgainst the motion side at 57% vs 30% in favor of the for side, HP Pavilion dm4-1030ez Battery

with a 12% undecided.[63]At the end of the debate, there was a notable shift in the audience vote at 46% vs 42% in favor of the for the motion side leaving the debate with the conclusion that Crichton's group won.[63] Schmidt later reflected on the debate in a RealClimate blog posting, conceding that his side's presentation was "pretty dull" and calling Crichton's debating skills "extremely polished."[64] HP Pavilion dm4-1030tx Battery

In the debate, although he admitted that man must have at some point contributed to global warming but not necessarily caused it, HP Pavilion dm4-1031tx Battery

 Crichton argued that most of the media and attention of the general public are being dedicated to the uncertain anthropogenic global warming scares instead of the more urgent issues like poverty. He also suggested that private jets be banned as they add more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere for the benefit of the few who could afford them. HP Pavilion dm4-1033tx Battery

CRITICISM OF CRICHTON'S ENVIRONMENTAL VIEWS

Many of Crichton's publicly expressed views, particularly on subjects like the global warming controversy, have been contested by a number of scientists and commentators.[73] An example is meteorologist Jeffrey Masters' review of State of Fear: HP Pavilion dm4-1034tx Battery

Flawed or misleading presentations of global warming science exist in the book, including those on Arctic sea ice thinning, correction of land-based temperature measurements for the urban heat island effect, and satellite vs. HP Pavilion dm4-1035tx Battery

ground-based measurements of Earth's warming. I will spare the reader additional details. On the positive side, Crichton does emphasize the little-appreciated fact that while most of the world has been warming the past few decades, most of Antarctica has seen a cooling trend. The Antarctic ice sheet is actually expected to increase in mass over the next 100 years due to increased precipitation, according to the IPCC."[74] HP Pavilion dm4-1036tx Battery

Peter Doran, author of the paper in the January 2002, issue of Nature which reported the finding referred to above that some areas of Antarctica had cooled between 1986 and 2000, wrote an opinion piece in the July 27, 2006, HP Pavilion dm4-1047tx Battery

The New York Times in which he stated "Our results have been misused as 'evidence' against global warming by Michael Crichton in his novel State of Fear."[26] Al Gore said on March 21, 2007, before a U.S. House committee: HP Pavilion dm4-1048tx Battery

"The planet has a fever. If your baby has a fever, you go to the doctor [...] if your doctor tells you you need to intervene here, you don't say 'Well, I read a science fiction novel that tells me it's not a problem'." This has been recognized by several commentators as a reference to State of Fear.[75][76][77][78] HP Pavilion dm4-1050ca Battery

In his 2006 novel, Next, Crichton introduced a character named "Mick Crowley" who is a Yale graduate and a Washington D.C.-based political columnist. "Crowley" was portrayed by Crichton as a child molester with a small penis. From page 227 as quoted in The New York Times:[79] "Alex Burnet was in the middle of the most difficult trial of her career, HP Pavilion dm4-1050ea Battery

a rape case involving the sexual assault of a two-year-old boy in Malibu. The defendant, thirty-year-old Mick Crowley, was a Washington-based political columnist who was visiting his sister-in-law when he experienced an overwhelming urge to have anal sex with her young son, still in diapers." The character is a minor one who does not appear elsewhere in the book.[79] HP Pavilion dm4-1050et Battery

A real person named Michael Crowley is also a Yale graduate, and a senior editor of The New Republic, a liberal Washington D.C.-based political magazine. In March 2006, the real Crowley had written an article strongly critical of Crichton for his stance on global warming in State of Fear.[80] Crowley responded to the "Mick Crowley" character in The New Republic with the article "Cock And Bull" stating the following: HP Pavilion dm4-1050so Battery

The Godfather Part II (1974)

Coppola shot The Godfather Part II parallel to The Conversation. It was the last major American motion picture to be filmed in Technicolor. George Lucas commented on the film after its five-hour-long preview, telling Coppola: "You have two films. HP Pavilion dm4-1050ss Battery

Take one away, it doesn't work", referring to the movie's portrayal of two parallel storylines; one of a youngVito Corleone and the other of his son Michael. In the director's commentary on the DVD edition of the film (released in 2002), Coppola states that this film was the first major motion picture to use HP Pavilion dm4-1060ea Battery

"Part II" in its title. Paramount was initially opposed to his decision to name the movie The Godfather Part II. According to Coppola, the studio's objection stemmed from the belief that audiences would be reluctant to see a film with such a title, as the audience would supposedly believe that, having already seen The Godfather, there was little reason to see an addition to the original story. HP Pavilion dm4-1060ee Battery

The success of The Godfather Part II began the Hollywood tradition of numbered sequels. The movie was released in 1974, and went on to receive tremendous critical acclaim, with many deeming it superior to its predecessor.[4] It was nominated for 11 Academy Awards and received 6 Oscars, including 3 for Coppola: Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Director. HP Pavilion dm4-1060sf Battery

The Godfather Part II is ranked as the #1 greatest movie of all time in TV Guide's "50 Best Movies of All Time",[27] and is ranked at #7 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the "100 Greatest Movies of All Time".[28] HP Pavilion dm4-1060us Battery

The film is also featured on movie critic Leonard Maltin'slist of the "100 Must-See Films of the 20th Century",[29] as well as Roger Ebert's "Great Movies" list.[30] It was also featured on Sight and Sound's list of the ten greatest films of all time in 2002, ranking at #4.[31] HP Pavilion dm4-1060ss Battery

Apocalypse Now (1979)

Main article: Apocalypse Now

Following the success of The GodfatherThe Conversation and The Godfather Part II, Coppola began filming Apocalypse Now, an adaptation of Conrad’s Heart of Darkness set in Cambodia during the Vietnam War (Coppola himself briefly appears as a TV news director). HP Pavilion dm4-1062nr Battery

Before production of the film began, Coppola went to his mentor Roger Corman for advice about shooting in the Philippines, since Corman had filmed several pictures there. Coppola said that all the advice Corman offered was "Don't go".[32] HP Pavilion dm4-1063cl Battery

 The production of the film was plagued by numerous problems, including typhoons, nervous breakdowns, the firing of Harvey Keitel, Martin Sheen's heart attack, extras from the Philippine military leaving in the middle of scenes to go fight rebels, and an unprepared Brando with a bloated appearance (which Coppola attempted to hide by shooting him in the shadows). HP Pavilion dm4-1063he Battery

It was delayed so often it was nicknamed Apocalypse When?.[33] The 1991 documentary filmHearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse, directed by Eleanor Coppola (Francis's wife), Fax Bahr and George Hickenlooper, chronicles the difficulties the crew went through making Apocalypse Now, HP Pavilion dm4-1065dx Battery

and features behind-the-scenes footage filmed by Eleanor. After filming Apocalypse Now, Coppola famously stated:[34] "We were in the jungle, there were too many of us, we had access to too much money, too much equipment, and little by little, we went insane." HP Pavilion dm4-1070ee Battery

The film was overwhelmingly lauded by critics when it finally appeared in 1979, and was selected at the 1979 Cannes Film Festival and won the Palme d'Or, along with The Tin Drum, directed by Volker Schlöndorff. When the film screened at Cannes, he quipped:[33] HP Pavilion dm4-1070ef Battery

"My film is not about Vietnam, it is Vietnam.Apocalypse Now's reputation has grown in time and it is now regarded by many as a masterpiece of the New Hollywood era, and is frequently cited as one of the greatest movies ever made.[2][35][36][37] HP Pavilion dm4-1070sf Battery

Roger Ebertconsiders it to be the finest film on the Vietnam war and included it on his list for the 2002Sight and Sound poll for the greatest movie of all time.[38][39] HP Pavilion dm4-1080ea Battery

In 2001, Coppola re-released Apocalypse Now as Apocalypse Now Redux, restoring several sequences lost from the original 1979 cut of the film, thereby expanding its length to 200 minutes. HP Pavilion dm4-1080ee Battery

In 1983, he directed The Outsiders, a film adaptation of the novel of the same name by S. E. Hinton. Coppola credited his inspiration for making the film to a suggestion from middle school students who had read the novel. The Outsiders is notable for being the breakout film for a number of young actors who would go on to become major stars. HP Pavilion dm4-1080sf Battery

These included major roles for Matt Dillon, Ralph Macchio, and C. Thomas Howell. Also in the cast were Patrick Swayze, Rob Lowe, Emilio Estevez, Diane Lane, and Tom Cruise. Matt Dillon and several others also starred in Coppola's related film, Rumble Fish, which was also based on a S. E. HP Pavilion dm4-1090ee Battery

Hinton novel and filmed at the same time as The Outsiders on-location in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Carmine Coppola wrote and edited the musical score, including the title song "Stay Gold", which was based upon a famous Robert Frost poem and performed for the movie by Stevie Wonder. The film was a moderate box-office success, drawing a revenue of $25 million[43] against a budget of $10 million.[44] HP Pavilion dm4-1090la Battery

In 1984 Coppola directed Robert Evans-produced The Cotton Club. The film was nominated for several awards, including Golden Globes for Best Director and Best Picture (Drama) and the Oscar for Best Film Editing. However the film failed miserably at the box-office, recouping only $25.9 million of the $47.9 million privately invested by brothers Fred and Ed Doumani.[25] HP Pavilion dm4-1100 Battery

The same year he directed an episode of Rip Van Winkle, whereHarry Dean Stanton played the lead role.[46] The next year, along with producer George Lucas, he was able to indulge himself by making Captain EO (1985), a 12-minute space fantasy for Disney theme parks starring pop superstar Michael Jackson. At a cost of about one million dollars per minute of film, it was, minute-for-minute, the most expensive motion picture of all time.[1][47] HP Pavilion dm4-1100eg Battery

Coppola directed Tucker: The Man and His Dream the following year. A biopic based on the life of Preston Tucker and his attempt to produce and market the Tucker '48, Coppola had originally conceived the project as a musical with Marlon Brando after the release ofThe Godfather Part II. Ultimately it was Jeff Bridges who played the role of Preston Tucker. HP Pavilion dm4-1100sa Battery

The film received positive reviews, earning three nominations at the 62nd Academy Awards. In addition, Martin Landau won a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor, while Dean Tavoularis won the BAFTA Award for Best Production Design. HP Pavilion dm4-1101ea Battery

In 1990, he released the third and final chapter of The Godfather series: The Godfather Part III. Coppola successfully managed to get Al Pacino, Diane Keaton, and Talia Shire to return to the franchise, but Robert Duvall refused to reprise his role as Tom Hagen over salary disagreements.[54] While not as critically acclaimed as the first two films,[55][56][57] HP Pavilion dm4-1101tx Battery

it was still a box office success, earning a revenue of $136 million against a budget of $54 million.[58] Some reviewers criticized the casting of Coppola's daughter Sofia, who stepped into a role abandoned by Winona Ryder just as filming began.[55] HP Pavilion dm4-1107tx Battery

Despite this,The Godfather Part III went on to gather 7 Academy Award nominations, including Best Director and Best Picture. The film failed to win any of these awards, the only film in the trilogy to do so. HP Pavilion dm4-1102tx Battery

Jack (1996)

In 1992, Coppola directed, co-produced and co-wrote Dracula. Adapted from Bram Stoker's novel, it was intended to be more faithful to the book than previous film adaptations.[59] Coppola cast Gary Oldman in the film's title role, with Keanu Reeves,Winona Ryder and Anthony Hopkins in supporting roles. HP Pavilion dm4-1108tx Battery

The movie became a box-office hit, grossing $82,522,790 domestically, making it the 15th highest-grossing film of the year.[60] It fared much better overseas grossing $133,339,902 for a total worldwide gross of $215,862,692,[61] making it the 9th highest grossing film of the year worldwide.[62] The film won Academy Awards for Costume Design, Makeup, and Sound Editing HP Pavilion dm4-1111tx Battery

Coppola's next project was Jack, which was released on August 9, 1996. It stars Robin Williams as Jack Powell, a ten-year-old boy whose cells are growing at four times the normal rate, so at the age of ten he looks like a 40-year-old man. HP Pavilion dm4-1113tx Battery

Jack persuades his parents (Diane Lane and Brian Kerwin) to let him attend regular school, based upon a recommendation from his tutor, Mr. Woodruff (Bill Cosby). The rest of the film deals with Jack's failures and successes as a student in a regular elementary school in the fifth grade, through the end of his life in high school. HP Pavilion dm4-1116tx Battery

Jack also featured Jennifer Lopez, Fran Drescher and Michael McKean in supporting roles. Although a moderate box-office success, grossing $58 million domestically on an estimated $45 million budget, it was panned by critics, many of whom disliked the film's abrupt contrast between actual comedy and tragic melodrama. HP Pavilion dm4-1117tx Battery

It was also unfavorably compared to the 1988 film Big, in which Tom Hanks also played a child in a grown man's body. Most critics felt that the screenplay was poorly written, not funny, and the dramatic material was unconvincing and unbelievable. HP Pavilion dm4-1120tx Battery

Other critics felt that Coppola was too talented to be making this type of film. Although ridiculed for making the film, Coppola has defended it, saying he is not ashamed of the final cut of the movie. He had been friends with Robin Williams for many years and had always wanted to work with him as an actor. When Williams was offered the screenplay for Jack he said he would only agree to do it if Coppola agreed to sign on as director. HP Pavilion dm4-1123tx Battery

The last film Coppola directed in the 90s, The Rainmaker was based on the 1995 novel of the same name by John Grisham. An ensemble courtroom drama, the film was well-received by critics, earning an 88% rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[63] HP Pavilion dm4-1140sa Battery

Roger Ebert gave The Rainmaker three stars out of four, remarking: "I have enjoyed several of the movies based on Grisham novels ... but I've usually seen the storyteller's craft rather than the novelist's art being reflected. ... By keeping all of the little people in focus, Coppola shows the variety of a young lawyer's life, where every client is necessary and most of them need a lot more than a lawyer."[64] HP Pavilion dm4-1162ef Battery

 James Berardinelli also gave the film three stars out of four, saying that "the intelligence and subtlety of The Rainmaker took me by surprise" and that the film "stands above any other filmed Grisham adaptation".[65] HP Pavilion dm4-1164nr Battery

Grisham said of the film, "To me it's the best adaptation of any of [my books]. ... I love the movie. It's so well done."[66] The film grossed about $45 million domestically.[67] This would be more than the estimated production budget of $40 million but a disappointment compared to previous films adapted from a Grisham novel. HP Pavilion dm4-1170sf Battery

In 1997, Coppola founded Zoetrope: All-Story, a literary magazine devoted to short storiesand design. The magazine publishes fiction by emerging writers alongside more recognizable names, such as Woody Allen, Margaret Atwood, Haruki Murakami, Alice Munro, Don DeLillo, Mary Gaitskill, and Edward Albee; HP Pavilion dm4-1173cl Battery

as well as essays, including ones from Mario Vargas Llosa, David Mamet, Steven Spielberg, and Salman Rushdie. Each issue is designed, in its entirety, by a prominent artist, one usually working outside his / her expected field. HP Pavilion dm4-1180ef Battery

 Previous guest designers include Gus Van Sant, Tom Waits, Laurie Anderson, Marjane Satrapi, Guillermo del Toro, David Bowie, David Byrne, and Dennis Hopper. Coppola serves as founding editor and publisher of All-Story. HP Pavilion dm4-1180sf Battery

Dispute with Warner Bros.

In the late 1980s, Coppola started considering concepts for a motion picture based upon the 19th century novel, The Adventures of Pinocchio. In 1991, Coppola and Warner Bros.began discussing the project and two others involving the life of J. Edgar Hoover and the children's novel The Secret Garden. HP Pavilion dm4-1211tx Battery

These discussions led to negotiations for Coppola to both produce and direct the Pinocchio project for Warner, as well as Secret Garden andHoover. However, in mid-1991 Coppola and Warner came to disagreement over the compensation to be paid to Coppola for his directing services on Pinocchio.[68] HP Pavilion dm4-1218tx Battery

The parties deferred this issue, and finally a settlement was reached in 1998, when the jurors awarded Coppola $20 million as compensation for losing the film project, Pinocchio. This was the largest civil verdict ever against a Hollywood studio.[41] The Los Angeles jury awarded him $60 million in punitive damages on top of the $20 million, stemming from his charges that Warner Bros. sabotaged his intended version.[41] HP Pavilion dm4-1221tx Battery

After a 10-year hiatus, Coppola returned to film direction with Youth Without Youth in 2007. It was based on the novella of the same name by Romanian author Mircea Eliade. The film was poorly reviewed, currently holding a 30% 'rotten' rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[69] HP Pavilion dm4-1250ca Battery

It was made for about $19 million, and was given a limited release. As a result, Coppola announced his plans to produce his own films in order to avoid the marketing input that goes into most films (trying to make them appeal to too wide an audience). The film managed $2,624,759 at the box-office.[70] HP Pavilion dm4-1253cl Battery

In 2009, Coppola released Tetro. It was "set in Argentina, with the reunion of two brothers, the story follows the rivalries born out of creative differences passed down through generations of an artistic Italian immigrant family."[71] The film received generally positive reviews from critics. On Metacritic, the film has an average metascore of 63% based on 19 reviews.[72] HP Pavilion dm4-1265dx Battery

Rotten Tomatoes reported that 68% of critics gave positive reviews based on 71 reviews with an average score of 5.6/10.[73] Among Rotten Tomatoes' Cream of the Crop, which consists of popular and notable critics from the top newspapers, websites, HP Pavilion dm4-1273ca Battery

television, and radio programs, the film holds an overall approval rating of 71% based on 24 reviews.[73] Overall, the Rotten Tomatoes consensus was: "A complex meditation on family dynamics, Tetro's arresting visuals and emotional core compensate for its uneven narrative."[73] HP Pavilion dm4-1275ca Battery

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 3 stars, praising the film for being "boldly operatic, involving family drama, secrets, generations at war, melodrama, romance and violence". Ebert also praised Vincent Gallo's performance, but claimed Alden Ehrenreich is "the new Leonardo DiCaprio".[74] HP Pavilion dm4-1277sb Battery

Todd McCarthy of Variety gave the film a B+ judging that "Coppola finds creative nirvana, he frequently has trouble delivering the full goods."[75] Richard Corliss of TIME gave the film a mixed review, praising Ehrenreich's performance, but claiming Coppola "has made a movie in which plenty happens but nothing rings true."[76] HP Pavilion dm4-1300 Battery

Other ventures

Coppola co-produced George Lucas’s first film, THX 1138, in 1971. Shortly after completion of production Lucas and Coppola brought the finished film to Warner Bros., along with several other scripts for potential projects at American Zoetrope. HP Pavilion dm4-1300ea Battery

However, studio executives strongly disliked all the scripts including THX. Warner demanded that Coppola repay the $300,000 they had loaned him for the Zoetrope studio, and insisted on cutting five minutes from the film. The debt nearly closed Zoetrope, and forced Coppola to (reluctantly) focus on The Godfather.[4] In 1974, he wrote the screenplay for The Great Gatsby,[15] and in 1979, he was executive producer for The Black Stallion.[15] HP Pavilion dm4-1301sg Battery

Coppola, with his family, expanded his business ventures to include winemaking in California's Napa Valley, where he purchased the former home and adjoining vineyard ofGustave Niebaum in Rutherford, California. He bought the property in 1975 using proceeds from the first movie in the Godfather trilogy.[77] HP Pavilion dm4-1360ef Battery

 His winery produced its first vintage in 1977 with the help of his father, wife and children stomping the grapes barefoot. Every year, the family has a harvest party to continue the tradition.[78] After purchasing the property, he produced wine under the Niebaum-Coppola label. HP Pavilion dm4-1360sf Battery

He purchased the former Inglenook Winery chateau in 1995 and renamed the winery Rubicon Estate Winery in 2006. The company also produces a line of pastas and pasta sauces. He owns the Turtle Inn inPlacencia, Belize. For 14 years he co-owned the "Rubicon" restaurant in San Francisco along with Robin Williams and Robert De Niro. The restaurant closed in August 2008. HP Pavilion dm4t-1000 Battery

Coppola also owns Francis Ford Coppola Winery near Geyserville, California where he has opened a family-friendly facility with swimming pools, bocce courts and a restaurant. The winery displays several of Coppola's Oscars along with memorabilia from his movies including a desk from The Godfather and a restored 1948 Tucker Sedan. This winery is located on the former Chateau Souverain Winery.[79] HP Pavilion dm4t-1000 CTO Battery

 Coppola is also the owner of Francis Ford Coppola Presents, a lifestyle brand under which he markets goods from companies he owns or controls. It includes films and videos, resorts, cafes, a literary magazine and a winery. He brought out the San Francisco-based City Magazine in the '70s. He lost 1.5 million dollars in this venture.[80][81] HP Pavilion Dm4t-1100 Battery

Coppola serves as the "Honorary Consul H. E. Francis Ford Coppola" for the Central American nation of Belize in San Francisco.[82] He was the jury president at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival.[81] He also took part as a special guest at the 46th International Thessaloniki Film Festival in Greece.[81] HP Pavilion dm4t-1100 CTO Battery

Coppola stated that The Godfather Part IV was never made as Mario Puzo died before they had a chance to write the film.[83] Andy Garcia has since claimed the film's script was nearly produced.[83] HP Pavilion dm4t-1200 CTO Battery

Coppola is currently living in the San Francisco Bay Area. He also spends considerable time in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where he is establishing a subsidiary of his production company. In San Francisco, Coppola owns a restaurant named Cafe Zoetrope, located in the Sentinel Building. It serves traditional Italian cuisine and wine from his personal vineyard and bottling company. HP Pavilion dm4t Battery

Over the years, Francis Coppola has given political contributions to several candidates of the Democratic Party, including Mike Thompson, Nancy Pelosi for the U.S. House of Representatives and Barbara Boxer and Alan Cranston for the U.S. Senate.[84] HP Envy 15-1100 Battery

For quite some time, he had been planning to direct an epic movie named Megalopolis, but for some reason or the other, the project hasn't come to fruition. In 2007 he stated that "I have abandoned that as of now. I'm now going to...I plan to begin a process of making one personal movie after another and if something leads me back to look at that, which I'm sure it might, I'll see what makes sense to me."[85] HP Envy 17-1000 Battery

Personal life

In February 1963, Coppola married Eleanor Neil, whom he met on the set of Dementia 13.[81] They had three children: Sofia Coppola, Roman Coppola and Gian-Carlo Coppola. Sofia Coppola is an Academy Award-winning writer and nominated director. HP Envy 17-1001tx Battery

Her films include The Virgin Suicides and Lost in Translation. In 2004, she became the first American woman to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director, for Lost in Translation. Coppola's eldest son, Gian-Carlo, HP Envy 17-1001xx Battery

was in the early stages of a film production career when he was killed on May 26, 1986 in a speedboat accident. Coppola's surviving son, Roman, is a filmmaker and music video director whose filmography includes the feature film CQ and music videos for The Strokes, as well as co-writing the Wes Anderson film The Darjeeling Limited. HP Envy 17-1002TX Battery

Coppola often works with family members in his films. His sister, Talia Shire, playedConnie Corleone in all three Godfather films. His daughter Sofia also appeared in all three (the first two movies uncredited): as the infant being baptized at the end of the first movie, as a young child on board ship in the second, HP Envy 17-1003tx Battery

and in a supporting role as Michael Corleone's daughter Mary in the third. He cast his two sons in The Godfather as extras during the street fight scene and Vito Corleone’s funeral. His father Carmine, a composer and professional musician, co-wrote much of the music in The GodfatherThe Godfather Part II, and Apocalypse Now. HP Envy 17-1004tx Battery

Coppola's nephew, Nicolas Cage, starred in Coppola's film Peggy Sue Got Married and was featured in Rumble Fish and The Cotton Club. Other famous members of Coppola's family include nephews Jason Schwartzman and Robert Schwartzman, sons of Talia Shire. Jason Schwartzman has starred in several films, including Rushmore andSlackers. HP Envy 17-1006tx Battery

He also co-wrote (along with director Wes Anderson and cousin Roman Coppola) and starred in the 2007 film The Darjeeling Limited. Robert Schwartzman is the lead singer in the band Rooney and appeared in The Princess Diaries as well as having small appearances in several films, including his cousin Sofia's The Virgin Suicides. HP Envy 17-1007tx Battery

The Godfather (1972)

The release of The Godfather in 1972 was a milestone in cinema. The near 3-hour-long epic, which chronicled the saga of the Corleone family, received overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics, and fetched Coppola the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, which he shared with Mario Puzo, HP Envy 17-1008tx Battery

and two Golden Globe Awards- for Best Director and Best Screenplay. However, Coppola had to face a lot of difficulties while filming The Godfather. He was not Paramount's first choice to direct the movie; Italiandirector Sergio Leone was initially offered the job, but declined in order to direct his own gangster opus, Once Upon a Time in America.[20] HP Envy 17-1009tx Battery

Peter Bogdanovich was then approached but he also declined the offer and made What's Up, Doc? instead; Bogdanovich has often said that he would have cast Edward G. Robinson in the lead had he accepted the film. According to Robert Evans, head of Paramount Pictures at the time, HP Envy 17-1010el Battery

Coppola also did not initially want to direct the film because he feared it would glorify the Mafia and violence, and thus reflect poorly on his Sicilian and Italian heritage; on the other hand, Evans specifically wanted an Italian-American to direct the film because his research had shown that previous films about the Mafia that were directed by non-Italians had fared dismally at the box office, and he wanted to, HP Envy 17-1010ew Battery

in his own words, "smell the spaghetti". When Coppola hit upon the idea of making it a metaphor for American capitalism, however, he eagerly agreed to take the helm.[21] HP Envy 17-1010nr Battery

There was disagreement between Paramount and Coppola on the issue of casting; Coppola stuck to his plan of casting Marlon Brando as Vito Corleone, though Paramount wanted either Ernest Borgnine or Danny Thomas. At one point, Coppola was told by the then-president of Paramount that "Marlon Brando will never appear in this motion picture". HP Envy 17-1010tx Battery

After pleading with the executives, Coppola was allowed to cast Brando only if he appeared in the film for much less salary than his previous films, perform a screen-test, and put up a bond saying that he would not cause a delay in the production (as he had done on previous film sets).[22] HP Envy 17-1011tx Battery

Coppola chose Brando over Ernest Borgnine on the basis of Brando's screen test, which also won over the Paramount leadership. Brando later won an Academy Award for his portrayal, which he refused to accept. Coppola would later recollect:[17] HP Envy 17-1012nr Battery

udent, one of his teachers was Dorothy Arzner, whose encouragement Coppola later acknowledged as pivotal to his film career.[9] He graduated from the University in 1959.[10] HP Envy 17-1013tx Battery

After it was released, the film received widespread praise. It went on to win multiple awards, including Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Coppola. The film routinely features at the top in various polls for the greatest movies ever. It has been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. In addition, it is ranked third, behind Citizen Kane, HP Envy 17-1017tx Battery

and Casablanca on the AFI's 100 Years…100 Movieslist by the American Film Institute. It was moved up to second when the list was published again, in 2008.[23] Director Stanley Kubrick believed that The Godfather was possibly the greatest movie ever made, and had without question the best cast.[24HP Envy 17-1050ea Battery

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