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Michigan State University Michigan State University (MSU) is a public research university located in East Lansing, Michigan, United States and is the first land-grant institution that was created to serve as a model for future land-grant colleges in the country under the 1862 Morrill Act. SONY VAIO PCG-FRV25 Laptop Keyboard MSU pioneered the studies of packaging, hospitality business, supply chain management, and telecommunication. Today itsstudy-abroad program is the largest of any single-campus university in the country, offering more than 200 programs in more than 60 countries on all continents including Antarctica. ACER NSK-H361D Laptop Keyboard It is considered to be one of America's Public Ivy universities, which recognizes top public research universities in the United States.[4] Following the introduction of the Morrill Act, the college became coeducational and expanded its curriculum beyond agriculture. Today, MSU is the ninth-largest university in the United States, FUJITSU Lifebook T4220 Laptop Keyboard with 47,800 students and 2,954 faculty members. The school's nuclear physics, engineering, packaging, fisheries and wildlife, forestry, political science, business, journalism, education, economics, law, criminal justice and osteopathic medicine programs are among the nation's best. SONY VAIO VGN-N11M Laptop Keyboard MSU's Division I sports teams are called the Spartans. They compete in the Big Ten Conference in all sports except ice hockey, in which the team is part of the Central Collegiate Hockey Association. MSU's football team won the Rose Bowl in 1954, 1956 and 1988 and boasts six national championships.[5]SONY KFRMBA151B Laptop Keyboard Its men's basketball team won the NCAA National Championshipin 1979 and 2000 and is currently enjoying a streak of six Final Four appearances over the last 13 seasons. MSU men's ice hockey won national titles in 1966, 1986 and 2007. Cross country has historically been Michigan State's most successful sport, especially during a four-decade period spanning roughly 1930–1970 during which the Spartans won eight NCAA championships and numerous other conference and national titles.[6]HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee Laptop Keyboard The Michigan Constitution of 1850 called for the creation of an "agricultural school",[7] though it was not until February 12, 1855, that Michigan Governor Kinsley S. Bingham signed a bill establishing the United States' first agriculture college, the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan.[8] HP Mini 210-1085NR Laptop Keyboard Classes began on May 13, 1857, with three buildings, five faculty members, and 63 male students. The first president, Joseph R. Williams, designed a curriculum that required more scientific study than practically any undergraduate institution of the era. It balanced science, liberal arts, and practical training. TOSHIBA Satellite l20-101 Laptop Keyboard The curriculum excluded Latinand Greek studies, since most applicants did not study any classical languages in their rural high schools. However, it did require three hours of daily manual labor, which kept costs down for both the students and the College.[9] Despite Williams' innovations and his defense of education for the masses, the State Board of Education saw Williams' curriculum as elitist. They forced him to resign in 1859 and reduced the curriculum to a two-year vocational program. Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E520 Laptop Keyboard In 1860, Joseph R. Williams became acting lieutenant governor[10] and helped pass the Reorganization Act of 1861. This gave the College a four-year curriculum and the power to grant master's degrees. Under the act, a newly created body, known as the State Board of Agriculture, took over from the State Board of Education in running the institution.[8]DELL PF236 Laptop Keyboard The College changed its name to State Agricultural College, and its first class graduated in the same year. As the Civil War had just begun, there was no time for an elaborate graduation ceremony. The first alumni enlisted to the Union Army. Williams died, and the following year, Abraham Lincoln signed the First Morrill Act of 1862 to support similar colleges, making the Michigan school a national model. HP Probook 4515S Laptop Keyboard Oakland University In 1957, the donation of 1500 acres in Pontiac Township, Michigan prompted creation of Michigan State University - Oakland. This donation was indicative of the University's benefactor community that continues today. That campus became officially independent in 1970 as Oakland University.[11]SONY VAIO VGN-AW170YIQ Laptop Keyboard The college first admitted women in 1870, although at that time there were no female residence halls. The few women who enrolled either boarded with faculty families or made the arduousstagecoach trek from Lansing. From the early days, female students took the same rigorous scientific agriculture courses as male students. HP Mini 210-1014TU Laptop Keyboard In 1896, the faculty created a "Women Course" that melded a home economics curriculum with liberal arts and sciences. That same year, the College turned the old Abbot Hall male dorm into a women's dormitory. It was not until 1899 that the State Agricultural College admitted its first African American student, William O. Thompson. After graduation, he taught at what is now Tuskegee University. President Jonathan L. Snyder invited its president Booker T. TOSHIBA Satellite l20-101 Laptop Keyboard Washington to be the Class of 1900 commencement speaker. A few years later, Myrtle Craig became the first woman African-American student to enroll at the College. Along with the Class of 1907, she received her degree from U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, commencement speaker for the Semi-Centennial celebration. The City of East Lansing was incorporated in that same year,[12] and two years later the college officially changed its name to Michigan Agricultural College (M.A.C.). ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard During the early 20th century, M.A.C. expanded its curriculum well beyond agriculture. By 1925 it had expanded enough that it changed its name to Michigan State College of Agriculture and Applied Science (M.S.C.). In 1941 the Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture, John A. Hannah, became president of the College. DELL UW739 Laptop Keyboard He began the largest expansion in the institution's history, with the help of the 1945 G.I. Bill, which helped World War II veterans to receive an education. One of Hannah's strategies was to build a new dormitory building, enroll enough students to fill it, and use the income to start construction on a new dormitory. DELL Vostro 3450 Laptop Keyboard Under his plan, enrollment increased from 15,000 in 1950 to 38,000 in 1965.[13] In 1957 Hannah continued MSU's expansion by co-founding Michigan State University–Oakland, now Oakland University, with Matilda Dodge Wilson. Hannah also got the chance to improve the athletic reputation of M.S.C. when theUniversity of Chicago resigned from the Big Ten Conference in 1946. Hannah lobbied hard to take its place, gaining admission in 1949.[14]  HP Pavilion dv6643cl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Six years later, in its Centennial year of 1955, the State of Michigan renamed the College as Michigan State University of Agriculture and Applied Science.[15] Nine years after that, the University governing body changed its name from the State Board of Agriculture to the MSU Board of Trustees. The State of Michigan[16] allowed the University to drop the words "Agriculture and Applied Science" from its name. Since 1964 the institution has gone by the name of Michigan State University. SONY Vaio VGN-SZ791N/X Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Since the end of the Hannah era, Michigan State has shifted its focus from increasing the size of its student body to advancing its national and global reputation. In September 2005, current president Lou Anna Simon called for MSU, one of thepublic ivy institutions, to become the global model leader for Land Grant institutions by the year 2012. HP Pavilion dv7-4105ez Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Her plans include creating a new residential college and increasing grants awarded from the National Institutes of Health past the $100 million mark. While there are over 100 Land-grant universities in the United States, she has stated that she would like Michigan State University to be the leader.[18]HP Pavilion dv5-1220eo Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Michigan State, the University of Michigan and Wayne State University created the University Research Corridor in 2006.[19]This alliance was formed to transform and strengthen Michigan's economy by reaching out to businesses, policymakers, innovators, investors and the public to speed up technology transfer, make resources more accessible and help attract new jobs to the state.[19]HP Envy 17-1009tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan MSU's sprawling campus is located in East Lansing, Michigan. The campus is perched on the banks of the Red Cedar River. Development of the campus started in 1856 with three buildings: a multipurpose building called College Hall, a dormitory later called "Saints' Rest",[20] and a barn. Today, MSU's contiguous campus consists of 5,200 acres (21 km2), 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) of which are developed. There are 556 buildings: 100 for academics,  HP Pavilion dv7-2240ef Laptop CPU Cooling Fan 131 for agriculture, 166 for housing and food service, and 42 for athletics. Overall, the university has 22,763,025 square feet (2,114,754.2 m2) of total indoor space.[21]Connecting it all is 26 miles (42 km) of roads and 100 miles (160 km) of sidewalks.[22] MSU also owns 44 non-campus properties, totaling 22,000 acres (89 km2) in 28 different counties.[23]HP Pavilion dv7-6130ez Laptop CPU Cooling Fan It includes Collegiate Gothic architecture, plentiful trees, and curving roads with few straight lines. It was in this area that the College built its first three buildings, of which none survive. Other historic buildings north of the river include Cowles House, the president's official residence, andBeaumont Tower, a carillon clock tower marking the site of College Hall, the original classroom building. To the east liesEustace–Cole Hall, America's first freestanding laboratory for horticulture.[25]  HP Pavilion dv6645us Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Other landmarks include the bronze statue of former president John A. Hannah,[26] the W. J. Beal Botanical Garden, and the painted boulder known as "The Rock", which is a popular spot for theatre, tailgating, and candlelight vigils. On the northwest corner of campus lies the University's hotel, the Kellogg Hotel and Conference Center. The university also has a museum, initiated in 1857. MSU Museum is one of the oldest museums in the Midwest and is accredited by the American Association of Museums.[27]IBM FRU 46L4753 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The campus south of the river consists mostly of post-World War II International Style buildings with sparse foliage, relatively straight roadways, and numerous parking lots. The "2020 Vision" Master Plan proposes replacing these parking lots with parking ramps and green space,[28] but these plans will take many years to reach fruition. HP Pavilion dv5-1145ee Laptop CPU Cooling Fan As part of the master plan, the University erected a new bronze statue of The Spartan in 2005. This replica replaced the original modernist terra cottastatue,[29] which can still be seen inside Spartan Stadium. Notable academic and research buildings on the South Campus include the Cyclotron and the College of Law. HP Pavilion dv7-4010sl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan This part of campus is home to the MSU Horticulture Gardens and the adjoining 4-H Children's Garden. South of the gardens lie the Canadian National and CSX railroads, which divide the main campus from thousands of acres of university-owned farmland. The university's agricultural facilities include the Horse, Dairy Cattle, Beef Cattle, Sheep, and Poultry Teaching and Research Farms, as well as the Air Quality Control Lab and the Diagnostics Center for Population and Animal Health. HP Pavilion dv6-3005tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2007, Michigan State University established an education center in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The chief officer of the campus was Brendan Mullen, Dean, Michigan State University Dubai. MSU Dubai was the first American university with a presence in Dubai International Academic City, with classes beginning in August 2008. The University offered six undergraduate programs: Business Administration; Child and Youth Development; Construction Project Management;  SONY Vaio VGN-CR140E/B Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Early Childhood Education; Media Management and Research; Computer Engineering, which later was changed to Electrical and Computer Engineering; and a Master's Degree in Human Resources & Labor Relations. The University attracted 100 students from all over the Middle East and beyond.[30]SONY Vaio VGN-CR508E Laptop CPU Cooling Fan However, in 2010 MSU closed the program and the campus because of low enrollment, before any students had graduated. MSU made plans for the existing students to transfer either to the main campus in East Lansing or to other universities in the UAE. [31] MSU said the program would have needed 100-150 new students admitted each year to be viable, but was able to recruit only one-third of that number. [32] [33]Toshiba Satellite A215-S4747 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan MSU Dubai currently runs a small campus at Dubai Knowledge Village. It offered at first only one program, a master’s program in human resources and labor relation. In 2011 in added a master's programs in Public Health. In April 2012, MSU Dubai announced that it hopes to begin in 2013 two program in law: a LL.M program as well as a Master of Jurisprudence program.[33]SONY VAIO VGN-N17G Laptop Keyboard MSU has the ninth largest student body in the U.S. For the fiscal year of 2009–10, the Office of the Registrar conferred 11,140 degrees.[35] The student body is 55% female and 45% male. While 89% of students come from all 83 counties in the State of Michigan,[36] also represented are all 50 states in the U.S. and about 130 other countries.[2] DELL Latitude D531 Laptop Keyboard In 2011-2012 5,898 international students enrolled at MSU. The top five countries represented: China, Korea, India, Taiwan and Canada. [10]MSU has about 4,500 faculty and 6,000 staff members, and a student/faculty ratio of 19:1.[37] Listed as a Public Ivy,[38]Michigan State is a member of the Association of American Universities. Michigan State University Ombudsman is the longest continually operating ombudsman office at a college or university in the country.[39]  HP 597635-001 Laptop Keyboard Albert Fert, an Adjunct professor at MSU, was awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics together with Peter Grünberg.[40] MSU's study abroad program is the largest of any single-campus university in the United States with 2,461 students studying abroad in 2004–2005 in over 60 countries on all continents, including Antarctica.[41] MSU has six faculty members elected to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS); Martin Bukovac (1983), James Dye (1989), Pamela Fraker (2007), Richard Lenski (2006), Michael Thomashow (2003), and James Tiedje (2003).[42]HP 9J.NOL82.W01 Laptop Keyboard Its admissions are difficult; for 2009's entering class, the 25th/75th percentiles for the SAT were 1030 and 1240/1600, and its 25th/75th percentiles on the ACT were 23 and 27/36.[43] Michigan State ranks 92nd in the world, according to a Shanghai Jiao Tong University study, which measures scientific research leading towards a Nobel Prize.[51] U.S. News & World Report ranks MSU 72nd in the U.S.[52] The 2011 QS World University Rankings placed Michigan State University at 164th internationally.[53]TOSHIBA Mini NB 505-SP0160 Laptop Keyboard The university has over 200 academic programs. U.S. News has ranked MSU's graduate-level elementary education",[54]secondary education,[55] and Industrial and Organizational Psychology[56] programs No.1 for the last 14 years. The National Communication Association (NCA) ranks MSU’s Ph.D. programs as No. 1 in educating researchers in the rapidly growing fields of health communication and communication technology. ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard MSU is also ranked number four in several other fields, including international/intercultural communication, mass communication, and interpersonal communication based on the November 2004 NCA report.[57]HP Compaq NC8430 Laptop Keyboard The Eli Broad College of Business was ranked No. 9 among public institutions and No. 20 nationally in 2010 by Business Week.[58] The 2008 U.S. News ranked Michigan State's Supply Chain Management program in the Eli Broad College of Business No.1 in the nation for the second year in a row.[59]HP COMPAQ NX6110 Laptop Keyboard In addition, the Eli Broad College of Business undergraduate accounting program is ranked 11th overall and 8th among public schools, the graduate accounting program is ranked 9th overall and 6th among public schools, and the doctoral program is ranked 8th overall and 5th among public schools according to the 2010 Public Accounting Report's Annual Survey of Accounting Professors.[60]HP 9J.N8682.501 Laptop Keyboard The College of Communication Arts and Sciences was established in 1955 and was the first of its kind in the United States.[61] The college's Media and Information Studies doctoral program was ranked No. 2 in 2007 by The Chronicle of Higher Education in the category of mass communication.[61] HP 550 Laptop Keyboard The communication doctoral program was ranked No. 4 in a separate category of communication in The Chronicle of Higher Education's 2005 Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index, published in 2007.[61] The college's faculty and alumni include eight Pulitzer Prize winners and a two-time Emmy Award winning recording mixer.[61]HP Probook 4520S Laptop Keyboard MSU’s graduate program in nuclear physics is ranked No. 1 in the nation by U.S. News. In primary medical care, U.S. News ranks MSU's College of Osteopathic Medicine at No.5, College of Veterinary Medicine at No.9, and the College of Human Medicine at No.18.[62]TOSHIBA Equium M30 Series Laptop Keyboard Other programs of note include criminal justice,[63] hospitality business,[64] packaging,[65] political science,[66] dietetics[67] and communications.[68] The Sustainable Endowments Institute awarded Michigan State with an overall grade of "B" on the 2009 Campus Sustainability Survey, including "A"s in the categories of Administration, Transportation, Endowment Transparency, and Investment Policies.[69]DELL Vostro 1015 Laptop Keyboard Kellogg Hotel and Conference Center The Kellogg Hotel and Conference Center doubles as a 4-star hotel and a business friendly conference center. It is located on the northwest corner of Michigan State University’s campus, across from the Brody Complex, on Harrison Road just south of Michigan Avenue. The hotel has 160 rooms and suites which can accommodate anyone staying in East Lansing for a business conference,  ACER Aspire 5336 Laptop Keyboard sporting event or an on-campus visit, but it originally served as a dormitory for MSU students. Besides a lodging facility, the Kellogg Hotel and Conference Center serves as a "learning laboratory for the 300-400 students each year that are enrolled in The School of Hospitality Business and other majors." The Kellogg Hotel and Conference Center strives to facilitate education by hosting conferences and seminars.[34] SONY VAIO VGN-FS315E Laptop Keyboard The university spent nearly $405 million in 2008–09 on research,[2] capping a long history of academic research. In 1877, botany professor William J. Beal performed the first documented genetic crosses to produce hybrid corn, which led to increased yields. MSU dairy professor G. Malcolm Trout invented the process for the homogenization of milk in the 1930s. In the 1960s, MSU scientists developed cisplatin, a leading cancer fighting drug.  SONY Vaio PCG-K215Z Laptop Keyboard Today Michigan State continues its research with facilities such as the U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory[70] and a particle accelerator called the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science named Michigan State University as the site for the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams(FRIB). The $550 million facility will attract top researchers from around the world to conduct experiments in basic nuclear science, astrophysics, and applications of isotopes to other fields. ACER TravelMate 5742 Laptop Keyboard In 2004, scientists at the Cyclotron produced and observed a new isotope of the element germanium, called Ge-60[71] In that same year, Michigan State, in consortium with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the government of Brazil, broke ground on the 4.1-meter Southern Astrophysical Research Telescope (SOAR) in the Andes Mountains of Chile. The consortium telescope will allow the Physics & Astronomy department to study galaxy formation and origins.[72]  SAMSUNG Q330-JS09 Laptop Keyboard Since 1999, MSU has been part of another consortium called the Michigan Life Sciences Corridor, which aims to develop biotechnology research in the State of Michigan.[73] Finally, the College of Communication Arts and Sciences' Quello Center researches current issues of information and communication management. Packard Bell EasyNote TJ75 Laptop Keyboard Endowment MSU's (private, non-Morrill Act) endowment started in 1916 when the Engineering Building burned down. Automobile magnate R.E. Olds helped the program stay afloat with a gift of $100,000.[74] There was a time when MSU lagged behind peer institutions in terms of endowments. As recently as the early 1990s, MSU was last among the eleven Big Ten schools, with barely over $100 million in endowment funds. This changed dramatically in the 2000s (decade), Packard Bell PEW91 Laptop Keyboard risen to $1.325 billion, raising the University to sixth of the 11 Big Ten schools in terms of endowment; within $2 million of the fifth-rated school.[75] The rapid increase in the size of the endowment will help to improve outdated facilities, such as the Music Building, which the College of Music hopes to soon replace with money from its alumni fundraising program.[76]SONY VGN-FE41S Laptop Keyboard U has several residential colleges, based on the Oxbridge "living-learning" model. By putting classes in student dormitories, these colleges improve student access to faculty and facilities. MSU's first residential college, Justin MorrillCollege started in 1965 with an interdisciplinary curriculum.[77] MSU closed Morrill College in 1979, but today the university has three residential colleges, including the recent opening of the Residential College in Arts & Humanities (RCAH) located in Snyder and Phillips halls.  Acer eMachines E732 Laptop Keyboard Established in 1967, James Madison College is a smaller component residential college in political science housed in Case Hall. Classes in the college are small, with an average of 25 students, and most instructors are tenure track faculty. James Madison College has about 1150 students total, with each freshman class containing about 320 students.[78] HP Pavilion dv6-3138eo Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Each of Madison's four majors—Social Relations and Policy, International Relations, Political Theory and Constitutional Democracy, and Comparative Cultures and Politics[79]—requires two years of foreign language and one semester of "field experience" in an internship or study abroad program. Although Madison students make up about 4% of MSU graduates, they represent around 35% of the MSU’s Phi Beta Kappa members.[80]COMPAQ Presario CQ42-457TU Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Also established in 1967, Lyman Briggs College teaches math and science within social, historical and philosophical contexts.[81] Many Lyman Briggs students intend to pursue careers in medicine, but the school supports over 30 coordinate majors, from human biology to computer sciences.[82] Lyman Briggs is one of the few colleges that lets undergraduates teach as "Learning Assistants."[83]HP Pavilion dv9000 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan MSU's newest residential college is the Residential College in Arts & Humanities. Founded October 21, 2005,[84] the college provides around 600 undergraduates with an individualized curriculum in the liberal, visual and performing arts. Though all the students will graduate with the same degree, MSU encourages students in the college to get a second degree or specialization.[85] The university houses the new college in a newly renovated Snyder-Phillips Hall, the location of MSU's first residential college, Justin Morrill College.[86] HP Pavilion dv9885ea Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Michigan State University College of Law is an independent, non-profit corporation[87] affiliated[88] with the publicinstitution. Founded in Detroit in 1891 as the Detroit College of Law, the law school moved to East Lansing in 1995 becoming an integral part of the university. Students attending MSU College of Law come from 42 states and 13 countries. HP Pavilion dm3-1020CA Laptop Keyboard The law school publishes the Michigan State Law Review,[89] the Michigan State Journal of International Law and the Journal of Medicine and Law. The College of Law is the home of the Geoffrey Fieger Trial Practice Institute,[90] the first trial practice institute in the United States. The Intellectual Property and Communications Law program was ranked seventeenth nationally, in 2006.[91]TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard The Eli Broad College of Business has programs in accounting, information systems, finance, management, marketing and supply chain management, and hospitality business. The school has 4,775 undergraduate students and 776 graduate students. The Eli Broad Graduate School of Management, which Business Week magazine ranks 11th among public institutions, offers three MBAprograms, as well as joint degrees with the College of Law.[92] TOSHIBA NSK-T4A01 Laptop Keyboard The opening of the Eugene C. Eppley Center for Graduate Studies in Hotel, Restaurant and Institutional Management brought the first program in the United States to offer a Master of Business Administration degree in Hotel, Restaurant and Institutional Management to MSU.[93] The Michigan State University College of Nursing grants B.S.N., M.S.N., and Ph.D. degrees. SONY VAIO VGN-AR570 Laptop Keyboard Medical schools The Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine was the world's first publicly funded college of osteopathic medicine.[94] It has a long-standing tradition of retaining its alumni in Michigan to practice – more than two-thirds of the college’s graduates remain to practice in Michigan.[95] HP Pavilion DV7-3065dx Laptop Keyboard Recently, the Michigan State University Board of Trustees approved a resolution endorsing the expansion of the College of Osteopathic Medicine to two sites in southeast Michigan, a move board members and college officials say will not only improve medical education in the state, but also address a projected physician shortage.[96]GATEWAY MT6708 Laptop Keyboard According to U.S. News & World Report, the College of Osteopathic Medicine (DO degree) ranked No.8 medical schools in the country for primary care and the College of Human Medicine (MD degree) has regularly ranked among the top thirty medical schools in the country for primary care.[97]Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard The College of Human Medicine graduates students with medical doctor MD degrees and is split into seven distinct campuses located in East Lansing, Kalamazoo, Flint, Saginaw, Marquette, Traverse City and Grand Rapids. Each campus is affiliated with local hospitals and other medical facilities professionals in the area.[98] SONY VAIO VGN-NW240F Laptop Keyboard For example, the Lansing campus includes Sparrow Hospital and McLaren–Greater Lansing Hospital.[99] The College of Human Medicine has recently gained attention for its expansion into the Grand Rapids area, with the new Secchia Centercompleted in the Fall of 2010, that is expected to fuel the growing medical industry in that region.[100]ACER Aspire 5336 Laptop Keyboard Though Michigan State has offered courses in veterinary science since its founding, the College of Veterinary Medicine was not formally established as a four-year, degree-granting program until 1910.[101] Ranked ninth in the nation,[62] the college has over 170,000 square feet (16,000 m2) of office, teaching, and research space, as well as a veterinary teaching hospital.[102]HP Pavilion dv6-2113sa Laptop Keyboard Other academic units In recent years, MSU's music program has grown substantially. Music major enrollment increased more than 97% between 1991 and 2004.[103] In early 2007, this growth led the university board of trustees to spin the music program off into its own college unit: The MSU College of Music.[104] The new college faces many new challenges, such as working with limited space[105] and funding.[106] Nevertheless, MSU's music college plans on continued success, placing an annual average of 25 graduate students in tenure stream university positions.[103]DELL Inspiron 1750 Laptop Keyboard MSU's College of Education at Michigan State University offers graduate and undergraduate degrees in several fields, including counseling, educational psychology, special education, teacher education and kinesiology.[107] The college has had high-ranked programs in elementary,[54] educational technology, educational policy, and secondary education.[55][108] In addition, Michigan State ties the University of Wisconsin–Madison for the top spot in rehabilitation counseling.[109] The College of Education is currently housed in Erickson Hall.  SONY VAIO VGN-FS760/W Laptop Keyboard Founded in 1956, the MSU Honors College provides individualized curricula to MSU's top undergraduate students. Though the college has no majors of its own, DELL Inspiron N4050 Laptop Keyboard it has its own dean and academic advisers to help Honors students with their educational pursuits. High school students starting at MSU may join the Honors College if they are in the top 5% of their high school graduating class and have either an ACT score of at least 30 or an SAT total score of at least 1360.[110] Once admitted, students must maintain a 3.20 GPA and complete eight approved honors courses in order to graduate with Honors College designation on their degree.[111]SONY KFRMBA221A Laptop Keyboard After three years of planning, The College of Engineering successfully launched the first stages of its Residential Experience for Spartan Engineering, formally known as the Residential Option for Scientists and Engineers (ROSES), the new program is located in Wilson Hall after being housed in Bailey Hall for a number of years. ACER Aspire 5742Z Laptop Keyboard The Residential program essentially combines with a brand new academic component, Cornerstone Engineering, where freshman engineering students not only get an overview of the engineering field(s) but get a hands-on experience along with it.[112] Global Engineering is a new subject that is of certain interest for not only the Cornerstone Engineering and Residential Experience programs but for the entire College of Engineering at MSU. ACER 23.TB2V1.003 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Engineering in today's society has shown to have a monumental impact on the global economy due to advancements in education, interdependence on economics with infrastructure, computers, transportation, technology and other manufactured goods as well as Michigan State University's study-abroad program being ranked #1 in the nation, allowing for students to experience education and learn cultures in hundreds of countries.[113] ACER Aspire 5735z Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Also of note is the innovative Visiting International Professional Program, which connects professional education to the expertise of Michigan State University, a world leader in global research and leadership training. VIPP creates practical links between the world-class faculty at MSU and global industries, businesses, governments and societies. The newly established Cornerstone Engineering and Residential Experience programs for College of Engineering have started programs abroad for more courses in engineering including Study abroad seminars.[114] HP G62-b30SA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan MSU currently offers a 30 credit graduate program for Masters in Educational Technology[115] in 3 different formats; completely online,[116] hybrid[117] in East Lansing, Michigan, or overseas. MSU.edu The overseas program is offered at universities around the world. Past locations have included England, France, HP Pavilion dv6-3013cl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Switzerland and Thailand. The program lasts one month a summer for three summers, with each summer covering 9 credit hours. One online class is required between the second and third summer. The classes are focused on preparing teachers in integrating technology into their classrooms and helping them understand the affordances and constraints of using different programs. The courses are taught by MSU professors and are open to students around the world.  IBM Lenovo ThinkPad T61 7658 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Athletics Michigan State's NCAA Division I-A program offers 12 varsity sports for men and 13 for women.[2] Since their teams are called the Spartans, MSU's mascot is a Spartan warrior named Sparty. The university participates in the Big Ten Conference in all varsity sports except ice hockey, which competes in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association. The current athletic director is Mark Hollis, who was promoted to the position on January 1, 2008.[118] Hollis replaced Ron Mason, who served as head hockey coach from 1979 to 2002, retiring with a record total of 924 wins, and a 635–270–69 record at MSU.[119]HP 450933-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 1888 Michigan State University (then as known as Michigan Agricultural College) along with Olivet, Albion and Hillsdale Colleges was a founding member of the nation's oldest athletic conference, the Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association (MIAA). MAC left the conference in 1907. SONY VAIO VGN-FS742/W Laptop Keyboard Football has a long tradition at Michigan State. Starting as a club sport in 1884, football gained varsity status in 1896.[120] MSU football teams won the Rose Bowl in 1954, 1956 and 1988. The Spartans accounted for four of the top eight selections in the 1967 NFL Draft, the only time a college football program has accomplished such a feat. TOSHIBA Satellite L655D-S5095 Laptop Keyboard Today, the football team competes in Spartan Stadium, a renovated 75,005 seat football stadium near the center of campus. The current coach is Mark Dantonio, who was hired on November 27, 2006.[121] Dantonio had an 18–17 record in his three year tenure at the University of Cincinnati, including a 1–0 Bowl Game record.[122]TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7332 Laptop Keyboard He led the team in its first season to a 7–6 record. The Spartans played in the Champs Sports Bowl against Boston College on December 28, 2007 and the Capital One Bowl against Georgia on January 1, 2009. MSU's traditional archrival is the University of Michigan, against whom they compete annually for the Paul Bunyan Trophy. HP 516884-001 Laptop Keyboard Their overall record against the Wolverines currently stands at 32-67-5 and 23-34-2 since 1953 when the Paul Bunyan Trophy was established and MSU joined the Big Ten Conference. Dantonio's Spartans have won the past 4 contests dating back to 2008. Michigan State is one of three Big Ten teams to have an annual non-conference football game against Notre Dame. SAMSUNG NP-N150-JP01 Laptop Keyboard MSU's record against the Fighting Irish is 25–44–1 but the Spartans have had much success against the Irish recently, becoming the first team ever to win six straight games at Notre Dame Stadium.[123] In 2010, the Spartans finished 7-1 (11-2) in conference play were Co-Big Ten Champions along with the University of Wisconsin and Ohio State. In 2011, the Spartans finished 1st in the Legends Division of the Big Ten with a 7-1 (11-3) conference record. ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard While beating Wisconsin (Leaders Division Champions) in regular season play on a last second Hail-Mary pass, they lost in dramatic fashion to the Badgers in the inaugural Big Ten Championship Game played in Indianapolis. Though the Spartans did not win the Big Ten Conference Championship they did gain some revenge by beating the SEC's University of Georgia Bulldogs in the 2012 Outback Bowl. The Spartans outlasted the Bulldogs 33-30 in a triple overtime thriller. SONY VAIO VPCF12AFM Laptop Keyboard Dantonio got his first Bowl victory as the Spartans coach, the team finished the 2011 season with 11 wins. High expectations are growing in East Lansing after back to back 11 win seasons, a first time in Spartan Football history. The Spartan Football final ranking in 2011 was #10 USA Today Coaches Poll and #11 in the AP.  ACER Aspire 5610Z Laptop Keyboard MSU's men's basketball team has won the National Championship twice: in 1979 and again in 2000.[124] In 1979, Earvin "Magic" Johnson,[125] along with Greg Kelser,[126] Jay Vincent[127] and Mike Brkovich, led the MSU team to a 75–64 win against theLarry Bird-led Indiana State Sycamores. In 2000, three players from Flint, Morris Peterson,[128] Charlie Bell[129] and Mateen Cleaves,[130] led the team to its second national title. Dubbed the "Flintstones",TOSHIBA Satellite C655-SP4163 Laptop Keyboard they were the key to the Spartans' win against the University of Florida. On December 13, 2003, Michigan State and Kentucky played in the Basketbowl, in which a record crowd of 78,129 watched the game in Detroit’s Ford Field. Kentucky won 79–74.[131] The basketball team currently plays at the Jack Breslin Student Events Center under head coach Tom Izzo, who has a 403-166 record as of February 2012 (70.8% winning percentage). TOSHIBA Satellite M645-S4070 Laptop Keyboard The student spirit section at Breslin is called the Izzone. Izzo's coaching has helped the team make six Final Fours since 1999, winning the title in 2000, and thirteen consecutive NCAA tournament appearances (beginning in 1998). In 2009 the Spartans made it to the National Championship game and lost 89–72 to North Carolina. In 2010, the Spartans made it to the Final Four and lost 50-52 to Butler. The Spartans lost in the first round of the NCAA tournament in 2011 to UCLA 76-78. HP Mini 110-1115SA Laptop Keyboard The Michigan State University men's ice hockey team started in 1924, though it has only been a varsity sport since 1950. The team has since won national titles in 1966, 1986 and 2007. The Spartans came close to repeating the national title in 1987, but lost the championship game to the University of North Dakota. HP 530580-001 Laptop Keyboard They play at MSU's Munn Ice Arena. Former head coach Ron Mason is college hockey's winningest coach with 924 wins total and 635 at MSU.[119] The current head coach is Tom Anastos. MSU Spartans.com. Retrieved March 6, 2008.</ref> Since the Big Ten Conference does not include Division I men's ice hockey, Michigan State competes in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association. Michigan State leads the CCHA in all-time wins, SONY VAIO PCG-FX605 Laptop Keyboard is second in CCHA Conference championships with 7, and is first in CCHA Tournament Championships with 11. Along with theUniversity of Michigan (U-M) and the Ohio State University, it is one of three Big Ten schools in the CCHA. As with other sports, the hockey rivalry between MSU and U-M is a fierce one,  ACER Aspire 5315 Laptop Keyboard and on October 6, 2001, MSU faced U-M in the Cold War, during which a world record crowd of 74,554 packed Spartan Stadium to watch the game end in a 3–3 tie.[132] In the 2006–2007 season, the Men's Ice Hockey team defeated Boston College for its third NCAA hockey championship.[133]HP Probook 4520S Laptop Keyboard Between World War I and World War II, Michigan State College competed in the Central Collegiate Conference, winning titles in 1926–1929, 1932, 1933 and 1935. Michigan State also experienced success in the IC4A, at New York’s Van Cortlandt Park, winning 15 team titles (1933–1937, 1949, 1953, 1956–1960, 1962, 1963 and 1968). SAMSUNG BA59-02489J Laptop Keyboard Since entering the Big Ten in 1950, Michigan State has won 14 men’s team titles (1951–1953, 1955–1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1970 and 1971). Michigan State hosted the inaugural NCAA cross country championships in 1938 and every year thereafter through 1964 (there was no championship in 1943). The Spartans won NCAA championships in 1939, 1948, 1949, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1958 and 1959.[6][134][135]Lenovo 3000 G530 4151 Laptop Keyboard East Lansing is very much a college town, with 60.2% of the population between the ages of 15 and 24.[136] President John A. Hannah's push to expand in the 1950s and 1960s resulted in the largest residence hall system in the United States.[137] Around 16,000 students live in MSU's 23 undergraduate halls, HP Pavilion dv6-2113sa Laptop Keyboard one graduate hall, and three apartment villages. Each residence hall has its own hall government, with representatives in the Residence Halls Association. Yet despite the size and extent of on-campus housing, the residence halls are complemented by a variety of housing options. 58% of students live off-campus,[138]mostly in the areas closest to campus, in either apartment buildings, former single-family homes, fraternity and sorority houses, or in a co-op. ASUS X53S Laptop Keyboard With over 3,000 members, Michigan State University's Greek Community is one of the largest in the nation. Started in 1872[139] and re-established in 1922 by Lambda Chi AlphaFraternity, Alpha Gamma Rho Fraternity, and Alpha Phi Sorority; the MSU Greek system now consists of 55 Greek lettered student societies.[140] HP Pavilion dv6-3111sa Laptop Keyboard These chapters are in turn under the jurisdiction of one of MSU's four Greek governing councils: National Panhellenic Conference, North American Interfraternity Council, National Pan-Hellenic Council,[141] and Independent Greek Council. National Pan-Hellenic Council is made up of 9 organizations,  Packard Bell Easynote TK85 Laptop Keyboard 5 Fraternities and 4 Sororities, that were founded on Historically Black College and Universities (HBCU's).[142] The Interfraternity Council and the Women's Panhellenic Council are each entirely responsible for their own budgets, giving them the freedom to hold large fundraising and recruitment events. SONY VAIO VGN-FS215B Laptop Keyboard MSU's fraternities and sororities hold many philanthropy events and community fundraisers. For example, in April 2011 the Greek Community held Greek Week to raise over $260,000 for the American Cancer Society, and $5,000 for each of these charities: Big Brothers Big Sisters, The Listening Ear and previous charities include: the Make-a-Wish Foundation (MSU Chapter), Share Laura's Hope, The Mary Beth Knox Scholarship, and the Special Olympics.[143]SONY VAIO VGN-N31M/W Laptop Keyboard The Associated Students of Michigan State University (ASMSU) is the undergraduate student government of Michigan State University.[144] It is unusual amongst university student governments for its decentralized bicameral structure,[145] and the relatively non-existent influence of the Greek system. ASMSU representatives are nonpartisan and many are elected in noncompetitive races. TOSHIBA Satellite P300D Series Laptop Keyboard Their mission is to enhance the individual and collective student experience through education, empowerment, and advocacy by education to the needs and interest of students. Some services they offer include: free blue books, low cost copies and faxes, free yearbooks, interest free loans, funding for student organizations, free legal consultation, health insurance, and iClicker rentals. There are many ways of getting involved such as: Freshman Class Council, Senior Class Council, appointments to General Assembly, and employment. Samsung MCF-908AM05 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Students pay $16.75 per semester to fund the functions of the ASMSU, including stipends for the organization's officers and activities throughout the year.[146] Some students have criticized ASMSU for not having enough electoral participation to gain a student mandate. Turnout since 2001 has hovered between 3 and 17 percent, with the 2006 election bringing out 8% of the undergraduate student body.[147]SONY VAIO PCG-FRV25 Laptop Keyboard Student-run organizations beyond student government also have a large impact on the East Lansing/Michigan State University community. Student Organizations are registered through the Department of Student Life, which currently has a registry of over 550 student organizations.[148] One example is the Tower Guard honor society. DELL Latitude D600 Laptop Keyboard Tower Guard is the oldest and one of the most respected student organizations on campus.[149] The Eli Broad College of Business includes 27 student organizations. The three largest organizations are the Finance Association (FA), the Accounting Student Association (ASA), and the Supply Chain Management Association (SCMA).[150] The SCMA is the host of the university's largest major specific career fair. The fair attracts over 100 companies and over 400 students each year.[151] HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee Laptop Keyboard Activism Activists have played a significant role in MSU history. During the height of the Vietnam War, student protests helped create co-ed residence halls, and blocked the routing of Interstate 496 through campus.[152] In the 1980s, Michigan State students convinced the University to divest the stocks of companies doing business in apartheid South Africa from its endowment portfolio, such as Coca-Cola.[153] MSU has many student groups focused on political change. HP Envy 15-1008xx Laptop Keyboard Graduate campus groups include the Graduate Employees Union[154] and the Council of Graduate Students.[155] Michigan State also has a variety of partisan groups ranging fromliberal to conservative, including the College Republicans, the College Democrats and several third party organizations. HP Business Notebook nx9005 Laptop Keyboard Other partisan activist groups includeYoung Americans for Freedom and Young Americans for Liberty on the right; Young Democratic Socialists, Students for Economic Justice, Young Communist League andMEChA on the left. Given MSU's proximity to the Michigan state capital of Lansing, many politically inclined Spartans intern for state representatives.  ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard The MSU Office of Sustainability works with the University Committee for a Sustainable Campus to "foster a collaborative learning culture that leads the community to heightened awareness of its environmental impact." [156] The University is a member of the Chicago Climate Exchange, the world’s first greenhouse gas emission registry, and boasts the lowest electrical consumption per square foot among Big Ten universities. The University has set a goal of reducing energy use by 15%, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 15%, reducing landfill waste by 30% by 2015.[157]DELL V100830AS1 Laptop Keyboard HP 643263-001 Laptop Keyboard The university has also pledged to meet LEED-certification standards for all new construction. In July 2009, the University completed construction of a $13.3 million recycling center, and hopes to double their 2008 recycling rate of 14% by 2010. [158] The construction of Brody Hall, a residence hall of Michigan State University Housing,  IBM Lenovo Thinkpad X201 Laptop Keyboard was completed in August 2011 and qualified for LEED Silver certification because the facility includes a rai

n water collection tank used for restroom fixtures, a white PVC roof, meters that will monitor utilities to make sure they are used efficiently, and the use of recycled matter and local sources for building materials.[159]DELL PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard The Environmental Steward’s program support’s President Simon’s "Boldness by Design" strategic vision to transform environmental stewardship on campus within the seven year time frame.[160] Environmental stewards promote environmental changes among co-workers and peers, be points of contact for their department for environment-related concerns, and be liaisons between the Be Spartan Green Team and buildings.[160]ACER Aspire 5610Z Laptop Keyboard ECO is the leading student-run sustainability organization on campus. They are also affiliated with regional and national groups such as Campus Climate Challenge and the Michigan Student Sustainability Coalition.[161]DELL Latitude D620 Laptop Keyboard The Student Organic Farm is a student-run, four-season farm, which teaches the principals of organic farming and through a certificate program and community supported agriculture (CSA) on ten acres on the MSU campus.[162] The certificate program consists of year round crop production, course work in organic farming, practical training and management, and an off-site internship requirement.[163]SONY VAIO VGN-CS16G/Q Laptop Keyboard

Media

MSU has a variety of campus media outlets. The student-run newspaper is called The State News and free copies of the paper are available online or at East Lansing newsstands. The paper prints 28,500 copies of the paper Monday through Friday during the fall and spring semesters, and 15,000 copies Monday through Friday during the summer.[165] SAMSUNG R522 Laptop Keyboard The paper is not published on weekends, holidays, or semester breaks, but is continually updated online at statenews.com. The campus yearbook is called the Red Cedar Log.[166] Red Cedar Review, Michigan State University's premier literary digest for over forty years, is the longest running undergraduate-run literary journal in the United States.[167] It is published annually by the Michigan State University Press. HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa Laptop Keyboard MSU also publishes a student-run magazine during the academic year called Ing Magazine.[168] Created in 2007 by MSU alumnus Adam Grant, the publication is released at the beginning of each month and currently publishes 7 issues each school year.[169]Packard Bell NEW95 Laptop Keyboard Electronic media include three radio stations and one public television station, as well as student-produced television shows. MSU'sPublic Broadcasting Service affiliate, WKAR-TV, the station is the second-oldest educational television station in the United States, and the oldest east of the Mississippi River. Besides broadcasting PBS shows,  Packard Bell NEW90 Laptop Keyboard WKAR-TV produces its own local programming, such as a high school quiz bowl show called "QuizBusters". In addition, MSU has three radio stations; WKAR-AM plays National Public Radio's talk radio programming, whereas WKAR-FM focuses mostly on classical music programming.[170] Michigan State's student-run radio station, WDBM, broadcasts mostly alternative music during weekdays, and electric music programming nights and weekends.[171]SONY Vaio VGN-N385E Laptop CPU Cooling Fan People Main article: List of Michigan State University people The current president of the University is Lou Anna Simon who took over on January 1, 2005, after being appointed by MSU's governing board, the Board of Trustees. The Board receives its mandate from the Michigan Constitution since MSU is a state-owned school. The constitution allows for eight trustees who are elected by statewide referendum every two years. Trustees have eight-year terms, with two of the eight elected every other year.[172] As of 2007, the Board is made up of threeRepublicans and five Democrats.[173]ACER Aspire 5553NWXCi Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Important College leaders in the 19th century include John C. Holmes, who kept the Agriculture School from being a part of the University of Michigan and is widely credited with being the prime mover for the school's founding;[8] Joseph R. Williams, the first president;[10] andTheophilus C. Abbot, the third president who stabilized the College after the Civil War.[174]  HP Envy 17-1188el Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Also of importance was botany professor William J. Beal, an early plant (hybrid corn) geneticist who championed the laboratory teaching method.[175] Another distinguished faculty member of the era was the alumnus/professor Liberty Hyde Bailey.[176] Bailey was the first to raise the study of horticulture to a science, HP Mini 110-1115SA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan paralleling botany, which earned him the title of "Father of American Horticulture".[177] William L. Carpenter, a jurist who was elected to the Third Judicial Circuit of Michigan in 1894, and member of the Michigan Supreme Court from 1902 until 1904. Other famous 19th century graduates include Ray Stannard Baker,[178] a famed "muckraker" journalist and Pulitzer Prize winning biographer; Minakata Kumagusu,[179] a renowned environmental scientist; and William Chandler Bagley, a pioneering education reformer.[180]SONY Vaio VPC-EE41FX/BJ Laptop CPU Cooling Fan There are currently around 442,000 living MSU alumni worldwide giving the school one of the largest number of alumni of any institution of higher learning.[2] Famous MSU alumni include former Michigan governors James Blanchard[181] and John Engler,[182] U.S. Senators Debbie Stabenow[183] and Tim Johnson, U.S. Ambassador to Brazil Donna Hrinak, former Jordan Prime Minister Adnan Badran, billionaire philanthropists Tom Gores and Eli Broad,[184] Gateway M-2414U Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court Wallace B. Jefferson,[185] trial lawyer Geoffrey Feiger, former Food and Drug Administration official Peter Rheinstein, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist Richard Ford, Teamsterspresident James P. Hoffa,[186] Quicken Loans founder and Cleveland Cavaliers owner and billionaire Dan Gilbert,[187] Sergeant at Arms of the U.S. House of Representatives Wilson Livingood,[188] SONY Vaio VGN-N250FH Laptop CPU Cooling Fan former Michigan U.S. Senator and Secretary of EnergySpencer Abraham,[189] former Vice President of the Republic of Liberia Harry Moniba, and former U.S. Ambassador to Italy Peter Secchia. Alumni in Hollywood include actors such as Anthony Heald,[190] Robert Urich[191] and William Fawcett;[192] comedian Dick Martin, comedian Jackie Martling, film director Sam Raimi, and Academy Award winning film editor of The Hurt Locker and the Spider-Man films, Bob Murawski,[193] HP Pavilion dv7-4070us Laptop CPU Cooling Fan as well as screenwriterDavid Magee.[194] Puerto Rican comedian Sunshine Logroño (who has played the occasional Hollywood movie) was a graduate student at MSU. Journalists include NBC reporter Chris Hansen,[195] AP White House Correspondent Nedra Pickler, and NPR Washington Correspondent Don Gonyea. Novelist Michael Kimball graduated in 1990. Author Erik Qualman graduated with honors in 1994 and was also Academic Big-Ten in basketball.  Gateway NV55C03U Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Susan K. Avery, the first woman president and director of theWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, received an MSU bachelor's degree in physics.[196] In addition, two of the Little Rock Nine attended Michigan State, including Ernest Green,[197] the first black student to graduate from Little Rock Central High School, and Carlotta Walls LaNier.[198] The University awarded an honorary degree to Robert Mugabe in 1990, but revoked it in 2008.[199] ACER Aspire 5552 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Spartans formerly or currently in the NBA include Earvin "Magic" Johnson,[125] Greg Kelser,[126] Jay Vincent,[127] Steve Smith,[200] Scott Skiles,[201] Jason Richardson,[202] Mateen Cleaves,[130] Alan Anderson,[203] Zach Randolph,[204] Morris Peterson,[128] Charlie Bell[129] and Shannon Brown.[205] On the American Football League's All-Time Team are tight-end Fred Arbanas[206] Compaq Presario C506TU Laptop CPU Cooling Fan and safety George Saimes.[207] In the National Football League, MSU alumni include Carl Banks, who was a member of the Giants teams that won Super Bowls XXI and XXV. Banks was a standout in their Super Bowl XXI victory in which he recorded 14 total tackles, including ten solo tackles, as well as being part of the NFL's 1980's All-Decade Team Morten Andersen,[208] Plaxico Burress,[209] Andre Rison,[210] Derrick Mason,[211] Muhsin Muhammad,[212]  ASUS U3S Laptop Keyboard T. J. Duckett,[213] Flozell Adams,[214] Julian Peterson,[215] Charles Rogers,[216] Jim Miller,[217] Earl Morrall,[218] Wayne Fontes,[219] Bubba Smith[220] and Drew Stanton.[221] Former MSU quarterback Jeff Smoker now plays in the Arena Football League.[222] Former Michigan State players in the National Hockey League include All Star Defensemen Duncan Keith, Rod Brind'Amour,[223] Anson Carter,[224] Donald McSween,[225] Adam Hall,[226] John-Michael Liles, DELL Latitude D820 Laptop Keyboard Justin Abdelkader, brothers Kelly Miller[227] and Kip Miller,[228] as well as their cousins, brothers Ryan Miller[229] and Drew Miller.[230] Former Michigan State players in Major League Baseball include Hall of Fame inductee Robin Roberts,[231] Kirk Gibson,[232] Steve Garvey[233] and Mark Mulder.[234] Olympic gold medalists include Savatheda Fynes[235] and Fred Alderman.[236] HP Probook 4515S Laptop Keyboard The Spartans are also contributing athletes to Major League Soccer, as Kevin Reiman, Doug DeMartin,Dave Hertel, Greg Janicki, Kenzo Webster, Rauwshan McKenzie, John Minagawa-Webster and Ryan McMahen have all played in Major League Soccer.[237] In addition,Alex Skotarek, Steve Twellman and Buzz Demling played in the North American Soccer League, with Demling playing in the 1972 Summer Olympics and the United States Men's National Soccer Team in the 1970s. HP Pavilion G7-1081NR Laptop Keyboard For 20 years prior to the first introduction of the bill in 1857, there was a political movement calling for the creation of agriculture colleges. The movement was led by Professor Jonathan Baldwin Turner of Illinois College. On February 8, 1853, theIllinois Legislature adopted a resolution, drafted by Turner, calling for the Illinois congressional delegation to work to enact a land-grant bill to fund a system of industrial colleges, one in each state. Senator Lyman Trumbull of Illinois believed it was advisable that the bill should be introduced by an eastern congressman,[1] and two months later Representative Justin Smith Morrill of Vermont introduced his bill. TOSHIBA Satellite A215-S4697 Laptop Keyboard Unlike the Turner Plan, which provided an equal grant to each state, the Morrill bill allocated land based on the number of senators and representatives each state had in Congress. This was more advantageous to the more populous eastern states.[2]HP G72-a10SV Laptop Keyboard  DELL XPS 15 L502X Laptop Keyboard The Morrill Act was first proposed in 1857, and was passed by Congress in 1859, but it was vetoed by President James Buchanan. In 1861, Morrill resubmitted the act with the amendment that the proposed institutions would teach military tactics[3] as well as engineering and agriculture. Aided by the secession of many states that did not support the plans, this reconfigured Morrill Act was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on July 2, 1862. lENOVO IdeaPad G555 Laptop Keyboard After the war, however, the 1862 Act was extended to the former Confederate states; it was eventually extended to every state and territory, including those created after 1862. If the federal land within a state was insufficient to meet that state's land grant, the state was issued "scrip" which authorized the state to select federal lands in other states to fund its institution.[5] For example, New York carefully selected valuable timber land in Wisconsin to fund Cornell University.[6]  HP Pavilion dv5-1008ea Laptop Keyboard The resulting management of this scrip by the university yielded one third of the total grant revenues generated by all the states, even though New York received only one-tenth of the 1862 land grant.[7] Overall, the 1862 Morrill Act allocated 17,400,000 acres (70,000 km2) of land, which when sold yielded a collective endowment of $7.55 million.[8] The state of Iowawas the first to accept the terms of the Morrill Act which provided the funding boost needed for the fledgling Ames College (now Iowa State University.)  DELL Inspiron N4050 Laptop Keyboard TOSHIBA Mini NB 505-SP0111ORL Laptop Keyboard With a few exceptions (including Cornell University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology), nearly all of the Land-Grant Colleges are public. (Cornell University, while private, administers several state-supported contract colleges that fulfill its public land-grant mission to the state of New York.)  SONY VAIO VGN-NR32S/S Laptop Keyboard ACER Aspire 2010WLMi Laptop Keyboard ACER Aspire 2001WLCi Laptop Keyboard

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