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Newark, New Jersey Newark was originally founded in 1666 by Connecticut Puritans led by Robert Treat from the New Haven Colony. The city saw tremendous industrial and population growth during the 19th century and early 20th century, and experienced racial tension and urban decline in the second half of the 20th century, culminated by the 1967 Newark riots. The city has experienced revitalization during the 1990s and early 21st century.[23]HP Mini 210-2013tu Laptop Keyboard Newark was originally formed as a township on October 31, 1693, based on the Newark Tract, which was first purchased on July 11, 1667. Newark was granted a Royal charter on April 27, 1713, and was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. During its time as a township, portions were taken to form Springfield Township (April 14, 1794), Caldwell Township (now known as Fairfield Township, February 16, 1798), Orange Township (November 27, 1806), ACER Aspire 5315 Laptop Keyboard Bloomfield Township (March 23, 1812) and Clinton Township(April 14, 1834, remainder reabsorbed by Newark on March 5, 1902). Newark was reincorporated as a city on April 11, 1836, replacing Newark Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on March 18, 1836. The previously independent Vailsburg borough was annexed by Newark on January 1, 1905. In 1926, South Orange Township, changed its name to Maplewood. As a result of this, a portion of Maplewood known as Ivy Hill was re-annexed to Newark's Vailsburg.[24]HP G62-b12SA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Newark is located at 40°43′27″N 74°10′21″W (40.72422,-74.172574). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 26.107 square miles (67.617 km2), of which, 24.187 square miles (62.644 km2) of it is land and 1.920 square miles (4.973 km2) of it (7.35%) is water.[25][3] It has the third-smallest land area among the 100 most populous cities in the U.S., behind neighboring Jersey City and Hialeah, Florida.[26] HP Pavilion dv7-4101eg Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The city's altitude ranges from 0 (sea level) in the east to approximately 230 feet (70 m) above sea level in the western section of the city.[27] Newark is essentially a large basin sloping towards the Passaic River, with a few valleys formed by meandering streams. Historically, Newark's high places have been its wealthier neighborhoods. In the 19th century and early 20th century, the wealthy congregated on the ridges of Forest Hill, High Street, and Weequahic.[28]HP Pavilion dv6-2055er Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Until the 20th century, the marshes on Newark Bay were difficult to develop, as the marshes were essentially wilderness, with a few dumps, warehouses, and cemeteries on their edges. During the 20th century, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey was able to reclaim 68 acres (28 ha) of the marshland for the further expansion of Newark Airport, as well as the growth of the port lands.[19] ASUS F5GL Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Newark is surrounded by residential suburbs to the west (on the slope of the Watchung Mountains), the Passaic River and Newark Bay to the east, dense urban areas to the south and southwest, and middle-class residential suburbs and industrial areas to the north. The city is the largest in New Jersey's Gateway Region, which is said to have received its name from Newark's nickname as the "Gateway City".[29] FUJITSU LifeBook P8020 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Newark is New Jersey's largest and second-most racially diverse city (after neighboring Jersey City). It is divided into five political wards,[30] which are often used by residents to identify their place of habitation. In recent years, residents have begun to identify with specific neighborhood names instead of the larger ward appellations. Nevertheless, the wards remain relatively distinct. Industrial uses, coupled with the airport and seaport lands, are concentrated in the East and South Wards, while residential neighborhoods exist primarily in the North, Central, and West Wards.[31]HP Pavilion dv4-1465dx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan State law requires that wards be compact and contiguous and that the largest ward may not exceed the population of the smallest by more than 10% of the average ward size. Ward boundaries are redrawn, as needed, by a board of ward commissioners consisting of two Democrats and two Republicans appointed at the county level and the municipal clerk.[32]  HP G60-120CA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Redrawing of ward lines in previous decades have shifted traditional boundaries, so that downtown currently occupies portions of the East and Central Wards. The boundaries of the wards are altered for various political and demographic reasons and sometimesgerrymandered, especially the northeastern portion of the West Ward. APPLE MacBook Pro 17 inch MA092LL A Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Newark's Central Ward, formerly known as the old Third Ward, contains much of the city's original history including the Lincoln Park, Military Park and the James Street Commons Historic Districts. The Ward contains the University Heights, The Coast/Lincoln Park, Government Center,  HP Envy 17-2106tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Springfield/Belmont and Seventh Avenue Neighborhoods. Of these neighborhood designations only University Heights, a more recent designation for the area that was the subject of the 1968 novel Howard Street by Nathan Heard, is still in common usage. The Central Ward extends at one point as far north as 2nd Avenue. SONY Vaio VPC-EB23FM/WI Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In the 19th century, the Central Ward was inhabited by Germans and other white Catholic and Christian groups. The German inhabitants were later replaced by Jews, who were then replaced by Blacks. The increased academic footprint in the University Heights neighborhood has produced gentrification, with landmark buildings undergoing renovation. Located in the Central Ward is the largest health sciences university in the nation, HP Pavilion dv7-4113tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School. It is also home to three other universities – New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Rutgers University - Newark, and Essex County College. The Central Ward forms the present-day heart of Newark, and includes 26 public schools, two police precincts, including headquarters, four firehouses, and one branch library.[36] The North Ward is surrounded by Branch Brook Park. Its neighborhoods include Broadway, Mount Pleasant, Toshiba Qosmio G30-10E Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Upper Roseville and the affluent Forest Hill section.[37] Forest Hill contains the Forest Hill Historic District, which is registered on state and national historic registers, and contains many older mansions and colonial homes. A row of residential towers with security guards and secure parking line Mt. ACER Aspire MS2264 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Prospect Avenue in the Forest Hill neighborhood. The North Ward has lost geographic area in recent times; its southern boundary is now significantly further north than the traditional boundary near Interstate 280. The North Ward historically had a large Italian population; demographics have transitioned to Latino in recent decades, though the ward as a whole remains ethnically diverse.[37]HP Pavilion dv7-6000em Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The West Ward comprises the neighborhoods of Vailsburg, Ivy Hill, West Side, Fairmount and Lower Roseville. It is home to the historic Fairmount Cemetery. The West Ward, once a predominately Irish-American, Polish, and Ukrainian neighborhood, is now home to neighborhoods composed primarily of Latinos, African Americans, Africans and Caribbean Americans.[38] The West Ward has struggled in recent years with elevated rates of crime, particularly violent crime.[39]ACER Travelmate 8571 Laptop Keyboard The South Ward comprises the Weequahic, Clinton Hill, Dayton, and South Broad Valley neighborhoods. The South Ward, once home to residents of predominately Jewish descent, now has ethnic neighborhoods made up primarily of African Americans and Latinos. The South Ward is represented by Council Member Ras Baraka. The city’s second-largest hospital, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, can be found in the South Ward, as can 17 public schools, five daycare centers, three branch libraries, one police precinct, a mini precinct, and three fire houses.[40]Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard Finally, the East Ward consists of Newark's Downtown commercial district, as well as the Ironbound neighborhood, where much of Newark's industry was located in the 19th century. Today, due to the enterprise of its immigrant population, the Ironbound (also known as "Down Neck") is a destination for shopping, dining, and nightlife.[41] A historically immigrant-dominated section of the city, the Ironbound in recent decades has been termed "Little Portugal" due to its heavilyPortuguese population. In addition, TOSHIBA Mini NB 505-SP0160 Laptop Keyboard the East Ward has become home to Brazilians, Latin Americans, African Americans and commuters to Manhattan. Public education in the East Ward consists of East Side High School and six elementary schools. The ward is largely composed of densely packed housing, primarily large apartment buildings and rowhouses.[31][42][43]HP 441316-001 Laptop Keyboard Newark has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with mild winters and hot, humid summers. Its proximity to the ocean has a moderating effect. Also, being near to the Atlantic Ocean means Newark tends to have warmer winters than cities at a similar latitude or even somewhat further south, such as Chicago, Columbus, Lenovo 63Y0047 Laptop Keyboard Pittsburgh, and St. Louis. The January average is 32.3 °F (0.2 °C), and temperatures down to the 15 °F (−9.4 °C) range are not uncommon, though they rarely fall to 0 °F (−18 °C) or below. With a seasonal total of 26 inches (66.0 cm), snow cover does not usually remain for long. Spring in the area is of reasonable length and relatively devoid of temperature extremes. HP G42-283LA Laptop Keyboard Summers are particularly hot and humid, with a July average of 77.2 °F (25.1 °C), and highs exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) on an average 25 days per year.[44] Heat advisories are not uncommon during the summer months, particularly July and August, when temperatures can reach 100 °F (38 °C) with high humidity. The city cools off at a moderate pace during autumn. TOSHIBA Satellite 2410 PS241L-5Y34T Laptop Keyboard The city receives precipitation ranging from 2.9 to 4.7 inches (74 to 119 mm) monthly, usually falling on 8 to 12 days monthly. Measurable snowfall occurs each winter, but in lesser amounts than cities in the Midwest at a similar latitude. The highest recorded temperature was 108 °F (42 °C) on July 22, 2011. SAMSUNG Q320 Laptop Keyboard As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 277,140 people, 94,542 households, and 61,641 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,458.3 inhabitants per square mile (4,424.1 /km2). There were 109,520 housing units at an average density of 4,528.1 per square mile (1,748.3 /km2). SAMSUNG Q320 Laptop Keyboard The racial makeup of the city was 26.31% (72,914) White, 52.35% (145,085) African American, 0.61% (1,697) Native American, 1.62% (4,485) Asian, 0.04% (118) Pacific Islander, 15.22% (42,181) from other races, and 3.85% (10,660) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.83% (93,746) of the population.[5]HP 640208-001 Laptop Keyboard There were 94,542 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.0% were married couples living together, 28.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.36.[5]  HP 640208-001 Laptop Keyboard In the city the age distribution of the population shows 25.6% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.3 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.[5]HP G72-b50US Laptop Keyboard The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household incomewas $35,659 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,009) and the median family income was $41,684 (+/- $1,116). Males had a median income of $34,350 (+/- $1,015) versus $32,865 (+/- $973) for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,367 (+/- $364). About 22.0% of families and 25.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.9% of those under age 18 and 22.4% of those age 65 or over.[54]ACER Aspire 5930 Laptop Keyboard Poverty and lack of investment Poverty remains a consistent problem in Newark, despite its revitalization in recent years. As of 2010, roughly one-third of the city's population is impoverished.[55] The 1967 riots resulted in White flight, a significant population loss of the city's middle class, many of them Jews, which continued from the 1970s through to the 1990s.[56] The city lost about 130,000 residents between 1960 and 1990. The city's formerly most populous ethnic group, White,[57]declined from 82.8% in 1950 to 26.3% by 2010.[58]HP Mini 110-3549tu Laptop Keyboard Portions of Newark are rebounding and improving due to the abandonment and demolition of public housing projects, especially the Baxter Terrace area. Baxter Park, a mixed-use development started in July 2011 that will include 400 apartment units along with shopping and recreation space, will replace the 500 units in the original Baxter Terrace development, which was demolished starting in 2008.[59]SONY 147977821 Laptop Keyboard

Federal, state, and county representation

Newark is split between the 10th and 13th Congressional districts[65] and is part of New Jersey's 28 and 29th state legislative districts.[6][66] Prior to the2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Newark had been in 27th, 28th and 29th state legislative districts.[65] Based on the results of the 2010 Census, the New Jersey Redistricting Commission has shifted Newark into the 8th Congressional District and the 10th Congressional District, a change that will take effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections, with 123,763 of the city's residents in the 8th District and 153,377 in the 10th.[67][68] HP G72-b60US Laptop Keyboard New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District was represented by Donald M. Payne (D, Newark), until his death on March 6, 2012.[69] New Jersey's Thirteenth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken). SONY VAIO VGN-NR21Z/S Laptop Keyboard The 28th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Ronald Rice (D, Newark) and in the General Assembly by Ralph R. Caputo(D, Belleville) and Cleopatra Tucker (D, Newark).[70] The 29th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Teresa Ruiz (D,Newark) and in the General Assembly by Alberto Coutinho (D, Newark) and L. Grace Spencer (D, Newark).[71] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R,Mendham Township).[72] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[73]HP Pavilion dv5-1138tx Laptop Keyboard Essex County's County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr.[74] The executive, along with the Board of Chosen Freeholders administer all county business. The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve terms of office on a concurrent basis.[75] HP Pavilion DV6-3100 Laptop Keyboard As of 2011 Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large)[76], Freeholder Vice President Ralph R. Caputo (District 5)[77], Rufus I. Johnson (at large)[78], Donald Payne Jr. (at large)[79], Patricia Sebold (at large)[80], Samuel Gonzalez (District 1)[81], D. Bilal Beasley (District 2)[82], Carol Y. Clark (District 3)[83] and Linda Lordi Cavanaugh (District 4).[84][85]HP Pavilion dv6-3167ca Laptop Keyboard On the national level, Newark leans strongly toward the Democratic Party. As of March 23, 2011, out of a 2010 Census population of 277,140 in Newark, there were 136,785 registered voters (66.3% of the 2010 population ages 18 and over of 206,253, vs. 77.7% in all of Essex County of the 589,051 ages 18 and up) of which, 68,393 (50.0% vs. 45.9% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 3,548 (2.6% vs. 9.9% countywide) were registered as Republicans, 64,812 (47.4% vs. 44.1% countywide) were registered as Unaffiliated and there were 30 voters registered to other parties.[86]HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Laptop Keyboard In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 90.8% of the vote here (77,112 ballots cast), ahead of Republican John McCain who received 7.0% of the vote (5,957 votes), with 84,901 of the city's 140,946 registered voters participating, for a turnout of 60.2% of registered voters.[87] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 85.9% of the vote here (62,700 ballots), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received 12.8% (9,344), with 72,977 of 127,049 registered voters participating, for a turnout percentage of 57.4%.[88]HP Pavilion DV3113tx Laptop Keyboard In the 2009 Gubernatorial Election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 90.2% of the vote here (36,637 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie who received 8.3% of the vote (5,957 votes), with 40,613 of the city's 134,195 registered voters (30.3%) participating.[89]HP 508112-001 Laptop Keyboard Political corruption Newark has been marred with episodes of political corruption throughout the years. Five of the previous seven Mayors of Newark have been indicted on criminal charges, including the previous three Mayors: Hugh Addonizio, Kenneth Gibson, and Sharpe James. As reported by Newsweek: "... every mayor since 1962 (except the current one, Cory Booker) has been indicted for crimes committed while in office."[90]DELL Latitude D630 Laptop Keyboard Addonizio was mayor of Newark from 1962 to 1970. A son of Italian immigrants, a tailor and WWII veteran, he ran on a reform platform, defeating the incumbent, Leo Carlin, who, ironically, he characterized as corrupt and a part of the political machine of the era. During the 1967 riots, it was found that Addonizio and other city officials were taking kickbacks from city contractors. He was convicted of extortion and conspiracy in 1970, and was sentenced to ten years in federal prison.[91]TOSHIBA P205-S7476 Laptop Keyboard His successor was Kenneth Gibson, the city's first African American mayor, elected in 1970. He pleaded guilty to federal tax evasion in 2002 as part of a plea agreement on fraud and bribery charges. During his tenure as Mayor in 1980, he was tried and acquitted of giving out no-show jobs by an Essex County jury.[92]TOSHIBA P205-S6337 Laptop Keyboard Sharpe James, who defeated Gibson in 1986 and declined to run for a sixth term in 2006, was indicted on 33 counts of conspiracy, mail fraud, and wire fraud by a federal grand jury sitting in Newark. The grand jury charged James with spending $58,000 on city-owned credit cards for personal gain and orchestrating a scheme to sell city-owned land at below-market prices to his companion, APPLE A1181 Laptop Keyboard who immediately re-sold the land to developers and gained a profit of over $500,000. James pleaded not guilty on 25 counts at his initial court appearance on July 12, 2007. On April 17, 2008, James was found guilty for his role in the conspiring to rig land sales at nine city-owned properties for personal gain. The former mayor was sentenced to serve up to 27 months in prison.[93]SONY KFRSBA019A Laptop Keyboard In 1996, Time magazine ranked Newark "The Most Dangerous City in the Nation."[94] By 2007, however, the city recorded a total of 99 homicides for the year, representing a significant drop from the record of 161 murders set in 1981.[95][96][97][98] The number of murders in 2008 dropped to 65, a decline of 30% from the previous year and the lowest in the city since 2002 when there were also 65 murders.[99]HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee Laptop Keyboard In 2011 Newark recorded 90 homicides, after experiencing 86 homicides in 2010.[100] Overall, there was a 6% increase in crime numbers over the previous year, including a rise in carjackings for the third straight year.[101] Along with the increase in crime, the Newark Police Department increased its recovery of illegally owned guns in 2011 to 696, up from 278 in 2010.[100]HP Pavilion dv5-1220ez Laptop Keyboard After being forced to lay off 162 officers due to economic reasons in 2010, the NPD was able to rehire eight of those officers in 2012, with plans for another 17 rehires later in the year.[100]HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Laptop Keyboard Newark is the third-largest insurance center in the United States, after New York City and Hartford.[102] The Prudential Financial and Mutual Benefit Life companies originated in the city. The former, one of the largest insurance companies in the world, is still headquartered in Newark. Many other companies are headquartered in the city, including IDT Corporation, New Jersey Transit, Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG), Manischewitz, Horizon Blue Cross and Blue Shield of New Jersey.[103][104] and Audible.com[105]TOSHIBA Satellite L355 Laptop Keyboard Though Newark is not the industrial colossus of the past, the city does have a considerable amount of industry. The southern portion of the Ironbound, also known as the Industrial Meadowlands, has seen many factories built since World War II, including a large Anheuser-Busch brewery. The service industry is also growing rapidly, replacing those in the manufacturing industry, which was once Newark's primary economy. In addition, transportation has become a large business in Newark, accounting for more than 17,000 jobs in 2011.[106]DELL Vostro PP37L Laptop Keyboard The Consulate-General of Ecuador in New Jersey is located on the 4th Floor at 400 Market Street.[107] The Consulate-General of Portugal is located at the main floor of the Legal Center at One Riverfront Plaza.[108] The Vice Consulate of Italy is located in Suite 100 at 1 Gateway Center.[109] The Mission of the Central African Republic to the United Nations is located in Suite 2008 at 51 Clifton Avenue in Newark.[110]TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard Panasonic plans to leave its longtime North American headquarters in nearby Secaucus, New Jersey and move to a 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2) space in Newark in 2013, as part of a deal in which the company would receive over $100 million in tax incentives to add to the 800 employees it already has in New Jersey.[111]DELL Latitude D620 Laptop Keyboard Portions of Newark are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[112]HP Pavilion dv6-3047eo Laptop Keyboard Port Newark is the part of Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal and the largest cargo facility in the Port of New York and New Jersey. Located on Newark Bay, it is run by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and serves as the principal container ship facility for goods entering and leaving the New York metropolitan region and the northeastern quadrant of North America. SONY VAIO VGN-CR520E Laptop Keyboard TOSHIBA K000097450 Laptop Keyboard The Port moved over $100 billion in goods in 2003, making it the 15th busiest in the world at the time, but was the number one container port as recently as 1985.[113] Plans are underway for billions of dollars of improvements - larger cranes, bigger railyard facilities, deeper channels, and expanded wharves. DELL Latitude D620 Laptop Keyboard As of the 2006-2010 American Community Survey, 16.0% of Newark residents ages 25 and over had never attended high school and 15.9% didn't graduate, while 68.1% had at least graduated from high school, including the 12.3% who had earned a bachelor's degree or higher. The total school enrollment in Newark city was 75,025 in the 2006-2010 ACS, with pre-primary school enrollment of 10,560, elementary or high school enrollment of 46,691 and college enrollment of 17,774.[54]Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard The Newark Public Schools, a state-operated school district, is the largest school system in New Jersey. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide,[116] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[117][118] As of the 2009-10 school year, the district's 75 schools had an enrollment of 39,443 students and 2,685 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.69.[119]HP pavilion DV7-1000 Laptop Keyboard The city's public schools are among the lowest-performing in the state, leading to a take over by the state government in 1995 with the intention of improvement. The school district continues to struggle with low high school graduation rates and low standardized test scores. A notable exception to this was Science Park High School, which was the 69th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 322 schools statewide, in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2010 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", HP G71-441NR Laptop Keyboard after being ranked 50th in 2008 out of 316 schools. Technology High School has a GreatSchools rating of 9/10 was ranked 165th in New Jersey Monthly's 2010 rankings. Newark high schools ranked in the bottom 10% of New Jersey Monthly'ss 2010 list include Central(274th), East Side (293rd), Newark Vocational (304th), Weequahic (310th), SAMSUNG Q330-JS0E Laptop Keyboard Barringer (311th), Malcolm X Shabazz (314th) and West Side (319th).[120] Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg donated a challenge grant of $100 million to the district in 2010, choosing Newark because he stated he believed in Mayor Cory Booker and Governor Chris Christie's abilities.[121]DELL Alienware M11x Laptop Keyboard It remains one of the top performing K-8 schools in New Jersey based on standardized test scores.[122] University Heights Charter School is another charter school, serving children in grades K-5, recognized as a 2011 Epic Silver Gain School.[123] Gray Charter School, like Robert Treat, also won a Blue Ribbon Award.[124] Also, Newark Collegiate Academy (NCA) opened in August 2007 and currently serves 420 students in grades 9-12. It will ultimately serve over 570 students, mostly matriculating from other charter schools in the area.[125]TOSHIBA Satellite L655D-SP5012M Laptop Keyboard The city hosts three high schools as part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. The coeducational Christ The King Prep, founded in 2007, is part of theCristo Rey Community; Saint Benedict's Preparatory School is an all-boys Roman Catholic high school founded in 1868 and conducted by the Benedictine monks of Newark Abbey, whose campus has grown to encompass both sides of MLK Jr. Blvd. near Market Street and includes a dormitory for boarding students; and Saint Vincent Academy, is an all-girls Roman Catholic high school founded and sponsored by the Sisters of Charity of Saint Elizabeth and operated continuously since 1869.[126]Compaq Presario V3500 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Link Community School is a non-denominational coeducational day school located serving approximately 128 students in seventh and eighth grades. The Newark Boys Chorus School was founded in the 1960s.[127] The University Heights Charter School teaches 160 students in grades K-5. HP Pavilion dv6-3007ax Laptop CPU Cooling Fan There are several notable Beaux-Arts buildings, such as the Veterans' Administration building, the Newark Museum, the Newark Public Library, and the Cass Gilbert-designed Essex County Courthouse. Notable Art Deco buildings include several 1930s eraskyscrapers, such as the National Newark Building and Eleven 80, the restored Newark Penn Station, and Arts High School.Gothic architecture can be found at the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart by Branch Brook Park, Compaq Presario A935EM Laptop CPU Cooling Fan which is one of the largest gothic cathedrals in the United States. It is rumored to have as much stained glass as the Cathedral of Chartres. Newark also has two public sculpture works by Gutzon Borglum — Wars of America in Military Park and Seated Lincoln in front of the Essex County Courthouse. Moorish Revival buildings include Newark Symphony Hall and the Prince Street Synagogue, one of the oldest synagogue buildings in New Jersey.[128]Compaq Presario CQ60-230eg Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Newark is site of the New Jersey Performing Arts Center, located near Military Park, which since its opening in 1997 has become the home of the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra and the New Jersey State Opera, and has developed into one the most visited in the United States. NJPAC is involved in the construction of One Theater Square, a mixed-use skyscraper in the heart of the cultural district that is planned to include the city's tallest building. The center's programs of national and international music, dance, and theater make it the nation's sixth-largest performing arts center, attracting over 400,000 visitors each year.[129]SONY Vaio VGN-NR38S/S Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Prior to the opening of the performing arts center, Newark Symphony Hall was home to the New Jersey Symphony, the New Jersey State Opera, and the Garden State Ballet, which stills maintains an academy there.[130] The 1925 neo-classic building, originally built by the Shriners, has three performance spaces, including the main concert named in honor of famous Newarker Sarah Vaughan, offering rhythm and blues, rap, hip-hop, and gospel music concerts, and is part of the modern day Chitlin' circuit.[131]Toshiba Satellite P505-S8980 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Newark Boys Chorus, founded in 1966, performs regularly in the city. The Arican Globe Theater Works presents a new works seasonally. The biennial Geraldine R. Dodge Poetry Festival took place in Newark for the first time in 2010.[132][133] HP Pavilion dv6-2150ev Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Venues at the universities in the city are also used to present professional and semi-professional theater, dance, and music. Since its opening, the Prudential Center in 2007 has presented Diana Ross, Katy Perry, Lady Gaga, Britney Spears, The Eagles, Hannah Montana/Miley Cyrus, Spice Girls, Jonas Brothers, Metro Station, Metallica, Alicia Keys, Demi Lovato, David Archuleta, Taylor Swift and American Idol Live!, among others. Bon Jovi performed a series of ten concerts to mark the venue's opening.[134]Toshiba Satellite A135-S4527 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Newark Museum is the largest in New Jersey. Highlights of its collection include American and Tibetan art. The museum also contains science galleries, a planetarium, a gallery for children's exhibits, a fire museum, a sculpture garden and an 18th century schoolhouse. Also part of the museum is the historic John Ballantine House, a restored Victorian mansion which is a National Historic Landmark. The museum co-sponsors the Newark Black Film Festival, which has premiered numerous films since its founding in 1974.[135]HP Pavilion dv7-4180us Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The city is also home to the New Jersey Historical Society, which has rotating exhibits on New Jersey and Newark. The Newark Public Library, the state's largest system with 11 locations, also produces a series of historical exhibits. The library houses more than a million volumes and has frequent exhibits on a variety of topics, many featuring items from its Fine Print and Special Collections.[136]HP Pavilion dv6-2162nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan HP G62-b13SA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In February 2004, plans were announced for a new Smithsonian Institution-affiliated Museum of African American Music to be built in the city's Coast/Lincoln Park neighborhood. The museum will be dedicated to black musical styles, from gospel torap. The new museum will incorporate the facade of the old South Park Presbyterian Church, where Abraham Lincoln once spoke.[137]HP Pavilion dv6-3040er Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On December 9, 2007, the Jewish Museum of New Jersey,[138] located at 145 Broadway in the Broadway neighborhood held its grand opening. The museum is dedicated to the cultural heritage of New Jersey’s Jewish people. The museum is housed at Ahavas Sholom,[139] the last continually operating synagogue in Newark. By the 1950s there were 50 synagogues in Newark serving a Jewish population of 70,000 to 80,000, once the sixth-largest Jewish community in the United States.[140][141] SONY Vaio VGN-CR305E/R Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Newark is also home to numerous art galleries including Aljira, a Center for Contemporary Art, City Without Walls, Gallery Aferro, Rupert Ravens Contemporary, Sumei Arts Center,[142] and the Paul Robeson Galleries[143] at Rutgers-Newark. Toshiba Satellite A215-S5848 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan There are several festivals and parades held annually or bi-annually including the Cherry Blossom Festival (April) in Branch Brook Park, the Lincoln Park Music Festival (July) at Lincoln Park, the Newark Black Film Festival (Summer), the Portugal Day Festival (June) in The Ironbound and the McDonald's Gospelfest (June) at Prudential Center, Geraldine R. Dodge Poetry Festival (October) (biennale) at various venues and the city-wide Open Doors (October)[145]SONY VGN-CS90S Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Although Newark has had a rich history in baseball and currently has a minor league team, the city has never had a Major League Baseball team. Newark had eight teams in the National Association of Base Ball Players, including the Newark Eurekas and the Newark Adriatics.[149] Newark was then home to the Newark Indians of the International League and then to the Newark Peppers of the Federal League, sometimes nicknamed the Newfeds. Compaq Presario V3817au Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The city was also hosted the Negro League'sNewark Dodgers and Newark Eagles, the latter for whom the Bears and Eagles Riverfront Stadium is partially named.[150] The current Newark minor league team, the revived Newark Bears, play at Bears and Eagles Riverfront Stadium, a stop on the Newark Light Rail. The Bears are part of the independent Atlantic League, which also includes the Somerset Patriots in Bridgewater Township and the Camden Riversharks in Camden.[151]ACER AB7005HX-ED3 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Morris Canal, stretching 102 miles (164 km) to Newark from Phillipsburg on the Delaware River was completed in 1831 and allowed coal and other industrial and agricultural products from Pennsylvania to be transported cheaply and efficiently to the New York City area.[166] The canal's completion led to increased settlement in Newark, vastly increasing the population for years to come. As the city came to be more and more congested, FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard further means of transportation were sought; eventually leading to horse drawn trolleys which eventually became electric trolleys that ran down the main streets of downtown Newark including Broad Street and up Market Street near the courthouse. The trolley cars did not last long as the personal motor vehicle quickly gained popularity and slowly made the trolley system seem like a burden.[167AMSUNG Q330-JS02 Laptop Keyboard ] The Morris Canal also saw its days come to an end, only to be more recently used by the Newark City Subway, now known as the Newark Light Rail. Even today, many of the subway stations still portray the Canal in its original state in the form of mosaic works. HP Mini 210-2012tu Laptop Keyboard Newark is a hub of air, road, rail, and ship traffic, making it a significant gateway into the New York metropolitan area and the northeastern United States.[168] Newark Liberty International Airport, the second-busiest airport in the New York region and the 14th-busiest in the United States (in terms of passenger traffic),[169]FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard had 403,429 plane movements, transported 33,107,041 passengers, 860,845 tons of cargo and processed 82,479 tons of airmail in 2010.[170] Newark Airport was the New York City area's first commercial airport, opened in 1928 on land reclaimed by the Port Authority.[19] Just east of the airport lies Port Newark, the fifteenth-busiest port in the world and the largest container port on the East Coast of the United States. In 2003, the port moved over $100 billion in goods.[171]Compaq Presario CQ71-420SO Laptop Keyboard Newark is served by numerous highways including the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95),Interstate 280, Interstate 78, the Garden State Parkway, U.S. Route 1/9, U.S. Route 22, and Route 21. Newark is connected to the Holland Tunnel and Lower Manhattan by the Pulaski Skyway, spanning both the Passaic and Hackensack Rivers., which was first constructed in 1938 and will be undergoing a $900 million renovation project.[172]SONY Vaio VGN-AW160J/Q Laptop Keyboard Local streets in Newark conform to a quasi-grid form, with major streets radiating outward (like spokes on a wheel) from the downtown area. Some major roads in the city are named after the towns to which they lead, including South Orange Avenue, Springfield Avenue, and Bloomfield Avenue, as well as Broadway, which had been renamed from Belleville Avenue.[173]SONY VAIO VGN-SZ750N/C Laptop Keyboard Newark is second in the U.S. to New York City in the proportion of households without an automobile, and is extensively served by mass transit. Newark Penn Station, situated just east of downtown, is the city's major train station, connecting the interurban PATH system (which links Newark to Manhattan) with three New Jersey Transit commuter rail lines and Amtrakservice to Philadelphia and Washington, D.C. It was designed by McKim, ACER Aspire 3660 Laptop Keyboard Mead & White and completed in 1935. Only one mile north, the Newark Broad Street Station is served by two commuter rail lines. The two train stations are linked by the Newark Light Rail system, which also provides services from Newark Penn Station to Newark's northern communities and into the neighboring towns of Belleville and Bloomfield.  HP 550 Laptop Keyboard Built in the bed of the Morris Canal, the light rail cars run underground in Newark's downtown area. The city's third train station, Newark Liberty International Airport, connects the Northeast Corridor and North Jersey Coast Line to the airport via AirTrain Newark. Bus service in Newark is provided by New Jersey Transit, CoachUSA contract operators and DeCamp in North Newark.[174]COMPAQ Presario C700 Laptop Keyboard

Hospitals and medical care

Newark is home to four hospitals. University Hospital is the principal teaching hospital of the UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School and is the busiest Level I trauma center in the state.[178] UMDNJ also provides emergency medical services to the city. Newark Beth Israel Medical Center is the largest hospital in the city and is a part of Barnabas Health, the state's largest system of hospital and health care facilities.[179] Beth Israel is also one of the oldest hospitals in the city, SONY VAIO VGN-CR210EL Laptop Keyboard dating back to 1901. This 669-bed regional facility is also home to the Children's Hospital of New Jersey. Catholic Health East operates Street Michael's Medical Center. Hospitals which have been closed in recent years include the Street James Hospital, Columbus Hospital, Mount Carmel Guild Hospital and the United Hospitals Medical Center.[180][181][182]SONY VAIO VGN-AR570 Laptop Keyboard Emergency Medical Services UMDNJ Staffs a full-time EMS system off of Cabinet Street behind the old Martland hospital building. The department operates a 24/7 fleet of 10 BLS units staffed with two EMTs, 5 ALS units staffed with two paramedics (units cover Port Newark, EWR, and most of Essex County), one Heavy Rescue unit, DELL Latitude D620 Laptop Keyboard one Critical Care unit staffed with one paramedic and one nurse, and two Field Supervisors. University Hospital EMS (UH-EMS) carries special operations equipment that can cover any sepctrum of disaster. The fast-paced EMS system is the busiest system per unit in the nation. On average, a BLS unit may be sent to 20-25 dispatches in a 12-hour shift. UMDNJ also operates the Regional Emergency Medical Communications Service (REMCS), SONY VAIO PCG-FRV37 Laptop Keyboard the regional dispatch center for UH-EMS as well as state-wide disaster management and the JEMSTAR medivac program, managing inter-facility and on-scene medivac requests to the state's aircraft (Northstar, Southstar, MEDIVAC1, Monoc Air 1, Atlantic Air 1, Atlantic Air 2). Staffed at all times by six EMD certified dispatchers, REMCS also dispatches the Orange, Maplewood, and Irvington NJ fire departments. The EMS system in Newark handles upwards of 125,000 requests for service annually.[183] Compaq Presario CQ42-173TU Laptop Keyboard The city of Newark is protected around the clock by the 700 full-time, paid firefighters of the city of Newark Fire Department (NFD). Founded in 1863, the Newark Fire Department operates out of 16 Fire Stations, located throughout the city in three Battalions. The NFD also operates and maintains a front line fire apparatus fleet of 15 Engines, 8 Ladders, 1 Rescue, 4 Haz-Mat. HP Mini 210-2080ca Laptop Keyboard Units, a Foam Unit, a Mobile Command Unit, an Air Unit, a Fireboat, and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. The Newark Fire Department responds to around 45,000 emergency calls annually. In 2006, the NFD responded to 2,681 fire and hazardous condition calls.[185]HP Mini 210-2170nr Laptop Keyboard On October 1, 2010, the NFD removed Battalion 1 from service and distributed the command of its Fire Stations and Companies over the remaining 3 Battalions. Also, Engine 12, Engine 16, and Ladder 1 were disbanded from service.[186][187][188] Up to 2010, the firehouse located at 191 Orange Street was home to Ladder 1, Rescue 1, and Haz-Mat. 1. Currently, it no longer houses active fire companies, however it is the headquarters of the department's Special Operations Division and houses Haz-Mat. 2, the Haz-Mat. Spill Unit, the Haz-Mat. Decontamination Unit, the Dive Unit, HP Mini 110-1032NR Laptop Keyboard the Foam Unit, the Mobile Command Unit, and many other Special Operations Units. Like other stations in the city, it also houses a fleet of reserve/spare fire apparatuses. Also, the Special Services and Fire Alarm Line Divisions are located at 56 Prospect Street (former quarters of Engine 5) in the North Ironbound neighborhood.[189]HP Envy 15 Laptop Keyboard The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States of America. As defined by the United States Census Bureau, an "incorporated place" includes a variety of designations, including city, town,village, borough, and municipality.[1] A few exceptional Census Designated Places (CDPs) are also included in the Census Bureau's listing of incorporated places.[2] TOSHIBA Satellite L750-ST4N02 Laptop Keyboard Consolidated city-counties represent a distinct type of government that includes the entire population of a county, or county equivalent. Some consolidated city-counties, however, include multiple incorporated places. This list presents only that portion (or "balance") of such consolidated city-counties that are not a part of another incorporated place.  SONY Vaio VGN-CR11S/P Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Note that this list refers only to the population of individual municipalities within their defined limits, which does not include other municipalities or unincorporated suburban areas within urban agglomerations. A different ranking is evident when considering U.S. metropolitan area populations.  SONY Vaio VGN-SZ48GN/C Laptop CPU Cooling Fan A headquarters is the entity at the top of a corporation that takes full responsibility for the overall success of the corporation, and ensures Corporate Governance. Corporate headquarters is a key element of a corporate structure and covers different corporate functions such as strategic planning, corporate communications, tax, legal, marketing, finance, HR, IT, Procurement (CPO). The corporate headquarters includes: CEO as a key person and his support staff such as the CEO office and other CEO related functions; Toshiba Satellite Pro A40-692 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the "Corporate policy making" functions: Include all corporate functions necessary to steer the firm by defining and establishing corporate policies; the Corporate Services: Activities that combine or consolidate certain enterprise-wide needed support services, provided based on specialized knowledge, best practices, and technology to serve internal (and sometimes external) customers and business partners; the Interface: Reporting line and bi-directional link between corporate headquarters and business units. SONY VAIO PCG-6Q2L Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Military headquarters take many forms depending on the size and nature of the unit or formation they command. Typically, they are split into the forward, main and rear components, both within NATO nations, and those following the organization and doctrine of the former Soviet Union (see Isby, 1988).  HP 634139-001 Laptop Keyboard The forward or tactical HQs (known as 'Tac' for short) is a small group of staff and communicators. Usually very mobile, they exist to allow the commander to go forward in an operation, and command the key parts of it from a position where they can see the ground and influence their immediate subordinates. HP Pavilion dv6105EA Laptop Keyboard The main HQs (known as 'Main') is less mobile and is involved in both the planning and execution of operations. There are a number of staff assembled here from various staff branches to advise the commander, and to control the various aspects of planning and the conduct of discrete operations. A main HQ for a large formation will have a chief of staff (CoS) who coordinates the staff effort; in a smaller HQ this may be done by the second-in-command (2iC). HP pavilion DV7-1000 Laptop Keyboard The rear or logistic HQs ('Rear') is some distance from the battle or front line in conventional operations. Its function is to ensure the logistical support to front line troops, which it does by organizing the delivery of combat supplies, materiel and equipment to where they are needed, and by organizing services such as combat medicine, equipment recovery and repair.[3]HP 636376-001 Laptop Keyboard Religious organizations have their headquarters in a city or a place. The headquarters of the Catholic Church is Vatican City. The headquarters of the Russian Orthodox Church is in Danilov Monastery, Moscow. The World Council of Churches, including Orthodox Churches, has its Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. The Headquarters of Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is located in Istanbul, Turkey. The headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints is located in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. And Anglican Communion Office is in London. HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee Laptop Keyboard The New Jersey Performing Arts Center (NJPAC), in downtown Newark, New Jersey, United States, is one of the largest performing arts centers in the United States.[1] Home to the Grammy Award-winning New Jersey Symphony Orchestra (NJSO), more than 6 million visitors (including more than one million children) have visited the center since it opened in October 1997 on the site of the former Military Park Hotel. SONY VAIO VGN-FS515B Laptop Keyboard NJPAC has been an important component in revitalization of New Jersey's largest city.[2][3] Located just west of thePassaic

River waterfront, the Center lies in the heart of the city's cultural district around Military Park and Washington Park that also includes the Newark Museum, New Jersey Historical Society, and the Newark Public Library. ThePrudential Center is just to the south. SONY VAIO PCG-FR415S Laptop Keyboard NJPAC has one of the largest arts education programs offered by a performing arts center in the nation. The program includes arts training classes, scholarships, in-school residencies, professional development, and family and children's programming, allowing students, teachers and families to interact with professional artists and explore the various genres of music, theater, dance, poetry and more.  Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E520 Laptop Keyboard The State of New Jersey decided to build a world class performing arts center in 1986, when then Governor of New Jersey Thomas Kean appointed a committee to decide the location and the needs of New Jersey's performing arts organization. They chose Newark over other cities because of the density of the surrounding areas, proximity to New York City, highway and rail access to the site, and a location inside a city in need of revitalization. The last reason was considered especially important. A major goal of NJPAC was to help revitalize the city, bringing people back into blighted areas and provide jobs for local businesses. HP 646568-001 Laptop Keyboard The planning commission decided that the new center would be directly integrated into the city, encouraged walking, and provided a plaza for the city. Previous redevelopment schemes in Newark, such as the Gateway Center had all involved skyways that connected all the main office buildings to Newark Penn Station above street level, further segregating the city. The master plan, executed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill consisted of plazas and pedestrian boulevards, joining major thoroughfares. FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard After a selection process, the board chose Barton Myers as the lead architect, based on his experience with theaters and his contextual buildings. They instructed him to build a complex that was the opposite of the Kennedy Center or Lincoln Center, and more like the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. Instead of a monument to the arts, Myers saw it as another part of the city tying it to residents and inviting them into it. He related the physical structure to the context by using brick, exposed steel, and glass as the materials, to reflect the industrial roots of Newark. HP Mini 210-2011tu Laptop Keyboard Goundbreaking ceremonies took place in October 1993 with speeches by dignitaries and performances by Kathleen Battle and the Newark Boys Chorus, among others.[4]During the bidding process, NJPAC President & CEO Lawrence Goldman mandated that most of the construction jobs had to go to local minorities. The board of the organization successfully implemented this program, suspending a contractor in 1995 for failing to do so.  TOSHIBA Satellite C650-182 Laptop Keyboard Construction began in 1995 and was completed in 1997, receiving rave reviews by The New York Times architecture critic Herbert Muschamp upon its opening.[5] The New Yorker has said that it houses one of the best modern concert halls on the Eastern Seaboard - handsome in appearance, warm in sound.[6]TOSHIBA Mini NB 505-SP0160 Laptop Keyboard Since opening, artists that have appeared on NJPAC's stages include the Boston Symphony Orchestra; Yo-Yo Ma, Paul Simon, Bob Dylan, Diana Krall, Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Twyla Tharp Dance, Dance Theatre of Harlem, Israel Philharmonic, Nancy Wilson and Ramsey Lewis, Royal Danish Ballet, Hilary Hahn, Bill T. Jones, Itzhak Perlman, Sting, Les Ballets Trockadero de Monte Carlo, Elvis Costello, the National Song & Dance Company of Mozambique, GATEWAY V021646BS1 Laptop Keyboard the Afro-Cuban All-Stars, Audra McDonald, the Buena Vista Social Club, The Chieftains, Dulce Pontes, Alice Coltrane, Salt-N-Pepa, Gilberto Santa Rosa, Jerry Seinfeld, Kevin Hart, Christine Ebersole, Jennifer Hudson, Herbie Hancock, Sweet Honey in the Rock, Garrison Keillor, Maurizio Pollini, Gewandhaus Orchestra, Balé Folclorico da Bahia, Peter, Paul & Mary, Savion Glover, Aspen Santa Fe Ballet, Art Garfunkel, Kodo Drummers, Kirov Orchestra, Martha Graham Dance, Johnny Mathis, New Edition, Angelique Kidjo, Renee Fleming, and Evgeny Kissin. HP G71-340US Laptop Keyboard NJPAC has also played host to tours of popular Broadway musicals such as Evita, The Sound of Music, Grease, Annie, Blast!, Bring in ‘da Noise, Bring in ‘da Funk, Fame, Fosse, Sunset Boulevard, Peter Pan, Movin’ Out, Les Misérables, The Full Monty, Fiddler on the Roof, Oklahoma, 42nd Street, The Producers, Beauty and the Beast, and Cats. A regular season is presented by the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra. HP Pavilion dv6-3132tx Laptop Keyboard New Jersey Performing Arts Center and Dranoff Properties, Inc. of Philadelphia have signed a Letter of Intent for the development a mixed-use residential and retail project. One Theater Square is inspired by its location on a 1.2 acre site across the street from NJPAC and if built would be the tallest building in Newark. [14][15] [16] [17]HP G61-420SO Laptop Keyboard The project is conceived as part of a continued effort to increase the resident population in the heart of downtown Newark. It is nearby the restored Eleven 80 and Union Building[18] and the planned residential renovations of theGriffith Building and former Hahne and Company flagship store. [19][20][21] The estimated $190 million cost will be offset New Jersey Economic Development Authority $38 million Urban Transit tax credits and federal tax credits for inclusion of affordable housing for artists. [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28]SONY VAIO PCG-FR315M Laptop Keyboard HP 550 Laptop Keyboard One Theater Square is envisioned to include a residential community of at least 250 units, 30,000 square feet of street-level retail and cultural uses, and structured parking for over 750 cars to serve the shared needs of the residential community as well as those of NJPAC’s audiences and daytime commercial demand.  Toshiba Satellite A210-131 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Branch Brook Park is a county park of Essex County, New Jersey in the United States, located in the North Ward of Newark, between the neighborhoods of Forest Hill and Roseville. At 360 acres (1.5 km²), Branch Brook Park is the largest public park in the city of Newark. The park is noted for the largest collection of cherry blossom trees in the United States, having over 4,300 in more than fourteen different varieties collectively called Cherryblossomland, as well as its spectacular Cherry Blossom Festival each April.[2][3][4]SONY Vaio VPC-EE2S1E/BQ Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The park was formally created in 1895 by the newly-created Essex County Parks Commission, making it the nation's first county park. The area had served as an Army training ground during the American Civil War. At the time, the northern portion of the area had been a marsh known as Old Blue Jay Swamp. In 1898, a public appropriation financed the conversion of the swamp into a landscaped lake. The initial park was only 60 acres (0.2 km²)  HP Pavilion dv7-6051ei Laptop CPU Cooling Fan in size but grew in the 1920s through private donations from prominent Newark families, such as the Ballantines, eventually reaching the city limit withBelleville and becoming one of the largest urban parks in the United States. The Morris Canal originally ran on the park's west side, until its old bed was turned into the Newark City Subway, providing access to the park from Downtown Newark.  HP Pavilion dv7-1020us Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The first designs of the park, based largely on romantic garden themes, were proposed in 1895 and 1898, after the Parks Commission hired several architectural firms to plan the park. In 1900, the commission hired the firm of Frederick Law Olmsted to redesign the park. The result was the park's current naturalistic look and feel, with acres of meadows and forests, in a manner similar to Olmsted's earlier designs of Central Park and Prospect Park. ACER Aspire 3105 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The famous cherry trees were the result of a 1927 gift from Caroline Bamberger Fuld, sister of department store magnateLouis Bamberger and widow of the store's vice president. The Cherry Blossom Festival attracts approximately 10,000 visitors each April.During World War II, the park's grounds served a tent city for recruits, as well as a landing strip for airplanes of theUnited States Postal Service.  HP Pavilion dv6648se Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The neighborhood on the east side of the park, Forest Hill, is Newark's most affluent. Also on the east side of the park is the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart Basilica, one of the largest cathedrals in the United States.It has been placed on both the New Jersey (1980) and National (1981) Registers of Historic Places. Toshiba Qosmio F30-116 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Branch Brook Park is undergoing $25 million, ten-year, restoration program. In 2004, the Park Avenue bridge was repaired, as were the baseball fields in the center of the park. In 2007, a plan was created to provide for more than 5,000 cherry trees in the park and renovate and rename the Welcome Center. The plan uses a $650,000 grant from the Essex County Recreation and the Open Space Trust Fund from 2006 and private donations.[5]COMPAQ Presario CQ60-201EP Laptop Keyboard Lenovo 63Y0047 Laptop Keyboard

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