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26 novembre 2010 5 26 /11 /novembre /2010 01:50

Nokia Siemens Networks

Nokia Siemens Networks (previously Nokia Networks) provides wireless and fixed network infrastructure, communications and networks service platforms, as well as professional services to operators and service providers       (Dell XPS M1210 Batteryhttp://www.hdd-shop.co.uk/ .

Nokia Siemens Networks focuses in GSM, EDGE, 3G/W-CDMA and WiMAX radio access networks; core networks with increasing IP and multiaccess capabilities; and services.

On June 19, 2006 Nokia and Siemens AG announced the companies are to merge their mobile and fixed-line phone network equipment businesses to create one of the world's largest network firms, called Nokia Siemens Networks   (Dell Studio XPS 1340 Battery)     .

The Nokia Siemens Networks brand identity was subsequently launched at the 3GSM World Congress in Barcelona in February 2007.

As of March 2009, Nokia Siemens Networks serves more than 600 operator customers in more than 150 countries, with over 1.5 billion people connected through its networks  (Dell Studio XPS 1640 Battery)      .

Navteq

Navteq is a Chicago, Illinois-based provider of digital map data and location-based content and services for automotive navigation systems, mobile navigation devices, Internet-based mapping applications, and government and business solutions. Navteq was acquired by Nokia on October 1, 2007  (Dell Vostro 1710 Battery)       .

Navteq’s map data is part of the Nokia Maps online service where users can download maps, use voice-guided navigation and other context-aware web services.Nokia Maps is part of the Ovi brand of Nokia's Internet based online services.

Corporate governance

The control and management of Nokia is divided among the shareholders at a general meeting and the Group Executive Board (left),under the direction of the Board of Directors (right)        (Sony VGP-BPS13 battery)      .

The Chairman and the rest of the Group Executive Board members are appointed by the Board of Directors. Only the Chairman of the Group Executive Board can belong to both, the Board of Directors and the Group Executive Board. The Board of Directors' committees consist of the Audit Committee, the Personnel Committee and the Corporate Governance and No    ation Committee   (Sony VGP-BPS13/B battery).

The operations of the company are managed within the framework set by the Finnish Companies Act, Nokia's Articles of Associationand Corporate Governance Guidelines, and related Board of Directors adopted charters  (Sony VGP-BPS13/S battery) .

Logos

Stock

Nokia, a public limited liability company, is the oldest company listed under the same name on the Helsinki Stock Exchange (since 1915). Nokia’s shares are also listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange (since 1988) and New York Stock Exchange (since 1994)   (Sony VGP-BPS13A/B battery)     .

Corporate culture

The Nokia House, Nokia's head office in Keilaniemi,Espoo, Finland.

Nokia's official corporate culture manifesto, The Nokia Way, emphasises the speed and flexibility of decision-making in a flat, networked organization, although the corporation's size necessarily imposes a certain amount of bureaucracy     (Sony VGP-BPS13B/B battery)     .

The official business language of Nokia is English. All documentation is written in English, and is used in official intra-company spoken communication and e-mail.

Until May 2007, the Nokia Values were Customer Satisfaction, Respect, Achievement, and Renewal   (Sony VGP-BPS13B/B battery) .

In May 2007, Nokia redefined its values after initiating a series of discussions worldwide as to what the new values of the company should be. Based on the employee suggestions, the new values were defined as: Engaging You, Achieving Together, Passion for Innovation and Very Human        (Sony VGP-BPL9 battery)    .

Online services

mobi and the Mobile Web

Nokia was the first proponent of a Top Level Domain (TLD) specifically for the Mobile Web and, as a result, was instrumental in the launch of the.mobi domain name extension in September 2006 as an official backer    (Sony VGP-BPL11 battery)    .

Since then, Nokia has launched the largest mobile portal, Nokia.mobi, which receives over 100 million visits a month.It followed that with the launch of a mobile Ad Service to cater to the growing demand for mobile advertisement.

Ovi, announced on August 29, 2007, is the name for Nokia's "umbrella concept" Internet services   (Sony VGP-BPL15 battery)     .

Centered on Ovi.com, it is marketed as a "personal dashboard" where users can share photos with friends, download music, maps and games directly to their phones and access third-party services like Yahoo's Flickr photo site. It has some significance in that Nokia is moving deeper into the world of Internet services, where head-on competition with Microsoft, Google and Apple is inevitable    (Dell Inspiron E1505 battery)   .

The services offered through Ovi include the Ovi Store (Nokia's application store), the Nokia Music Store, Nokia Maps, Ovi Mail, the N-Gage mobile gaming platform available for several S60 smartphones, Ovi Share, Ovi Files, and Contacts and Calendar. The Ovi Store, the Ovi application store was launched in May 2009     (Dell Latitude E6400 battery)     .

Prior to opening the Ovi Store, Nokia integrated its software Download! store, the stripped-down MOSH repository and the widget service WidSets into it.

On March 23, 2010, Nokia announced launch of its online magazine called the Nokia Ovi       (HP Pavilion dv6000 Battery.

The 44-page magazine contains articles on products by Nokia, what Ovi stands for , tips and tricks on the usage of Nokia mini laptop Booklet 3G, latest reviews of mobile applications, news about the mobile maker's services and apps such as Ovi maps, files and mail. Users can download the magazine as a PDF or view it online from the Nokia website      (Sony Vaio VGN-FZ31S battery)     .

My Nokia

Nokia offers a free personalised service to its subscribers called My Nokia (located at my.nokia.com). Registered My Nokia users can avail free services as follows:

  • Tips & tricks alerts through web, e-mail and also mobile text message       (Sony VGN-FZ31S battery)      .
  • My Nokia Backup: A free online backup service for mobile contacts, calendar logs and also various other files. This service needs GPRS connection.
  • Numerous ringtones, wallpapers, screensavers, games and other things can be downloaded free of cost     (Hp pavilion dv6000 battery)      .

Comes With Music

On December 4, 2007, Nokia unveiled their plans for the "Nokia Comes With Music" initiative, a program that would partner with Universal Music Group International, Sony BMG, Warner Music Group, and EMI as well as hundreds of Independent labels and music aggregators to bundle 12, 18, or 24 months worth of unlimited free music downloads with the purchase of a Nokia Comes With Music edition phone  (SONY VGN-FZ38M Battery)    .

Following the termination of the year of free downloads, tracks can be kept without having to renew the subscription. Downloads are both PC and mobile-based.

Nokia Messaging

On August 13, 2008, Nokia launched a beta release of "Nokia Email service", a new push e-mail service, since graduated as part of Nokia Messaging      (SONY VGN-FZ31z Battery)     .

Nokia Messaging operates as a centralised, hosted service that acts as a proxy between the Nokia Messaging client and the user's e-mail server. It does not allow for a direct connection between the phone and the e-mail server, and is therefore required to send e-mail credentials to Nokia's servers       (Sony VGN-FZ31Z Battery)      .

IMAP is used as the protocol to transfer emails between the client and the server.

Controversy

NSN's provision of intercept capability to Iran

In 2008, Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Nokia and Siemens AG, reportedly provided Iran's monopoly telecom company with technology that allowed it to intercept the Internet communications of its citizens to an unprecedented degree   (SONY VGN-FZ31E Battery)    .

The technology reportedly allowed it to use deep packet inspection to read and even change the content of everything from "e-mails and Internet phone calls to images and messages on social-networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter". The technology "enables authorities to not only block communication but to monitor it to gather information about individuals   (SONY  VGN-FZ31J Battery) ,

as well as alter it for disinformation purposes," expert insiders told The Wall Street Journal. During the post-election protests in Iran in June 2009, Iran's Internet access was reported to have slowed to less than a tenth of its normal speeds, and experts suspected this was due to the use of the interception technology      (SONY VGN-FZ31M Battery)  .

The joint venture company, Nokia Siemens Networks, asserted in a press release that it provided Iran only with a 'lawful intercept capability' "solely for monitoring of local voice calls". "Nokia Siemens Networks has not provided any deep packet inspection, web censorship or Internet filtering capability to Iran," it said      (SONY VAIO VGN-FZ38M Battery)     .

In July 2009, Nokia began to experience a boycott of their products and services in Iran. The boycott was led by consumers sympathetic to the post-election protest movement and targeted at those companies deemed to be collaborating with the Islamic regime. Demand for handsets fell and users began shunning SMS messaging   (SONY VGN-FZ31B Battery)     .

Lex Nokia

In 2009, Nokia heavily supported the passing of a law in Finland that allows companies to monitor their employees’ electronic communications in cases of suspected information leaking. Contrary to rumors, Nokia denied that the company would have considered moving its head office out of Finland if laws on electronic surveillance were not changed       (SONY VGP-BPS13 Battery)  .

The law was enacted, but with strict requirements for implementation of its provisions. As of 2010, the law has become a dead letter; no corporation has implemented it. The Finnish media dubbed the name Lex Nokia for this law, named after the Finnish copyright law (the so-called Lex Karpela) a few years back      (Dell Inspiron 1320 Battery)  .

Nokia–Apple patent dispute

In October 2009, Nokia filed a lawsuit against Apple Inc. in the U.S. District Court of Delaware citing Apple infringed on 10 of its patents related to wireless communication including data transfer. Apple was quick to respond with a countersuit filed in December 2009 accusing Nokia of 11 patent infringements      (Dell Inspiron 1320n Battery)     .

Apple’s General Counsel, Bruce Sewell went a step further by stating, "Other companies must compete with us by inventing their own technologies, not just by stealing ours." This resulted in an ugly spat between the two telecom majors with Nokia filing another suit, this time with the U.S    (Dell Inspiron 1464 Battery)      .

International Trade Commission (ITC), alleging Apple of infringing its patents in "virtually all of its mobile phones, portable music players, and computers." Nokia went on to ask the court to bar all U.S. imports of the Apple products including the iPhone, Mac and the iPod. Apple countersued by filing a complaint with the ITC in January 2010, the details of which are yet to be confirmed     (Dell Inspiron 1564 Battery)    .

Environmental record

Electronic products such as cell phones impact the environment both during production and after their useful life when they are discarded and turned into electronic waste. Nokia tops Greenpeace’s Guide to Greener Electronics of May 2010 that ranks 18 electronics manufacturers according to their policies on toxic chemicals, recycling and climate change       (Dell Inspiron 1764 Battery) .

All of Nokia’s mobile phones are free of toxic polyvinyl chloride (PVC) since the end of 2005 and free of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) since 2010.

Nokia’s voluntary take-back programme to recycle old mobile phones spans 84 countries with almost 5,000 collection points    (Dell Studio 1450 Battery)     .

However, the recycling rate of Nokia phones was only 3–5% in 2008, according to a global consumer survey released by Nokia. The majority of old mobile phones are simply lying in drawers at home and very few old devices, about 4%, are being thrown into landfill and not recycled     (Dell Studio 1457 Battery)  .

All of Nokia’s new models of chargers meet or exceed the Energy Star requirements.Nokia aims to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by at least 18 percent in 2010 from a baseline year of 2006 and cover 50 percent of its energy needs through renewable energy sources   (Dell Latitude D610 Battery)    .

Greenpeace is challenging the company to use its influence at the political level as number 85 on the Fortune 500 to advocate for climate legislation and call for global greenhouse gas emissions to peak by 2015.

Nokia is researching the use of recycled plastics in its products, which are currently used only in packaging but not yet in mobile phones      (Toshiba NB100 Battery)    .

Since 2001, Nokia has provided eco declarations of all its products and since May 2010 provides Eco profiles for all its new products.In an effort to further reduce their environmental impact in the future, Nokia released a new phone concept, Remade, in February 2008       (Toshiba Satellite M65 battery)    .

The phone has been constructed of solely recyclable materials. The outer part of the phone is made from recycled materials such as aluminium cans, plastic bottles, and used car tires. The screen is constructed of recycled glass, and the hinges have been created from rubber tires     (Toshiba Satellite M60 battery)   .

The interior of the phone is entirely constructed with refurbished phone parts, and there is a feature that encourages energy saving habits by reducing the backlight to the ideal level, which then allows the battery to last longer without frequent charges    (WD External HDD passport essential (500GB),(WD External HDD passport essential (250GB/320GB))

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