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Northwestern University Northwestern University is a private research university with campuses in Evanston and Chicago in Illinois, United States. Northwestern has 12 undergraduate, graduate, and professional schools offering 124 undergraduate degrees and 145 graduate and professional degrees.[4][5HP Pavilion dv3-2106tu Laptop Keyboard Northwestern was founded in 1851 by John Evans, for whom Evanston is named, and eight other lawyers, businessmen and Methodist leaders to serve the people of a region that had once been known as the Northwest Territory. Instruction began in 1855; women were admitted in 1869. Today, the main campus is a 240-acre (97 ha) parcel in Evanston, HP G71-442NR Laptop Keyboard along the shores ofLake Michigan. The university's law and medical schools are located on a 25-acre (10 ha) campus in Chicago's Streetervilleneighborhood. In 2008, the University opened a campus in Education City, Doha, Qatar with programs in journalism and communication. In academic year 2010-11, Northwestern enrolled 8,397 undergraduate and 7,870 graduate and professional students.[6]HP G42-415DX Laptop Keyboard Northwestern has one of the largest university endowments in the United States, currently valued at $7.2 billion.[1] One of only 62 institutions elected to the Association of American Universities (1917), Northwestern was awarded more than $500 million in research grants in 2010–2011, placing it in the first tier of the major research universities in the United States by the Center for Measuring University Performance.[7][8] HP 455264-001 Laptop Keyboard Its schools of management, engineering, and communication, for example, are among the most academically productive in the nation.[9] Northwestern is a founding member of the Big Ten Conference and remains the only private university in the conference. The Northwestern Wildcats compete in 19 intercollegiate sports in the NCAA's Division I. GATEWAY MX8734 Laptop Keyboard The foundation of Northwestern University is traceable to a meeting on May 31, 1850 of nine prominent Chicago businessmen, Methodist leaders and attorneys who had formed the idea of establishing a university to serve what had once been known as the Northwest Territory. On January 28, 1851, the Illinois General Assembly granted a charter to the Trustees of the North-Western University, making it the first chartered university in Illinois.[10][11][a] HP CT1A Laptop Keyboard The school’s nine founders, all of whom were Methodists (three of them ministers), knelt in prayer and worship before launching their first organizational meeting.[12] Although they affiliated the university with the Methodist Episcopal Church, they were committed to non-sectarian admissions, believing that Northwestern should serve all people in the newly developing territory.[13]COMPAQ Presario CQ61 Laptop Keyboard John Evans, for whom Evanston is named, bought 379 acres (153 ha) of land along Lake Michigan in 1853, and Philo Judson developed plans for what would become the city of Evanston. The first building, Old College, opened on November 5, 1855.[14] To raise funds for construction, Northwestern sold $100 "perpetual scholarships" entitling the purchaser and his heirs to free tuition.[15][16] In 1873 the Evanston College for Ladies merged with Northwestern, and Frances Willard, DELL V100830AS1 Laptop Keyboard who later gained fame as a suffragette and as one of the founders of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), became the school's first dean of women. Willard Residential College (1938) is named in her honor. Northwestern admitted its first women students in 1869, and the first woman was graduated in 1874.[17] HP AELX6U00210 Laptop Keyboard Northwestern fielded its first intercollegiate football team in 1882, later becoming a founding member of the Big Ten Conference. In the 1870s and 1880s, Northwestern affiliated itself with already existing schools of law, medicine, and dentistry in Chicago. As the university increased in wealth and distinction, and enrollments grew, these professional schools were integrated with the undergraduate college in Evanston; HP K031802E4US Laptop Keyboard the result was a modern research university combining professional, graduate, and undergraduate programs, which gave equal weight to teaching and research.[18][19] The Association of American Universitiesinvited Northwestern to become a member in 1917. Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard Under Walter Dill Scott's presidency from 1920 to 1939, Northwestern began construction of an integrated campus in Chicago designed by James Gamble Rogers to house the professional schools; established the Kellogg School of Management; and built several prominent buildings on the Evanston campus, LENOVO IdeaPad S10e 4068 Laptop Keyboard Dyche Stadium (now named Ryan Field) and Deering Library among others. In 1933, a proposal to merge Northwestern with the University of Chicago was considered but rejected.[20][21] Northwestern played host to the first-ever NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship game in 1939 in the original Patten Gymnasium, later demolished and relocated farther north to make room for the Technological Institute. SONY VGN-FE550G Laptop Keyboard Like other American research universities, Northwestern was transformed by World War II.Franklyn B. Snyder led the university from 1939 to 1949, when nearly 50,000 military officers and personnel were trained on the Evanston and Chicago campuses. After the war, surging enrollments under the G.I. Bill drove drastic expansion of both campuses. SAMSUNG N128 Laptop Keyboard In 1948 prominent anthropologist Melville J. Herskovits founded the Program of African Studies at Northwestern, the first center of its kind at an American academic institution.[22] J. Roscoe Miller's tenure as president from 1949–1970 was responsible for the expansion of the Evanston campus, with the construction of the lakefill on Lake Michigan, growth of the faculty and new academic programs, as well as polarizing Vietnam-era student protests.  TOSHIBA Satellite L755-SP5102CL Laptop Keyboard In 1978, the first and secondUnabomber attacks occurred at Northwestern University.[23] Relations between Evanston and Northwestern were strained throughout much of the post-war era because of episodes of disruptive student activism,[24] disputes over municipal zoning, building codes, and law enforcement,[25] as well as restrictions on the sale of alcohol near campus until 1972.[26][27]Northwestern's exemption from state and municipal property tax obligations under its original charter has historically been a source of town and gown tension.  HP Pavilion dv6736nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Though government support for universities declined in the 1970s and 1980s, President Arnold R. Weber was able to stabilize university finances, leading to a revitalization of the campuses. As admissions to colleges and universities grew increasingly competitive in the 1990s and 2000s, President Henry S. Bienen's tenure saw a notable increase in the number and quality of undergraduate applicants, continued expansion of the facilities and faculty, HP Pavilion dv6-2119el Laptop CPU Cooling Fan and renewed athletic competitiveness. In 1999, Northwestern student journalists uncovered information exonerating Illinois death row inmate Anthony Porter two days before his scheduled execution, and the Innocence Project has since exonerated 10 more men.[28][29] On January 11, 2003, in a speech at Northwestern School of Law's Lincoln Hall, then Governor of Illinois George Ryan announced that he would commute the sentences of more than 150 death rowinmates.[30]HP Pavilion tx2514ca Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Latin phrase on Northwestern's seal, Quaecumque sunt vera (Whatsoever things are true) is drawn from the Epistle of Paul to the Philippians 4:8, while the Greek phrase inscribed on the pages of an open book is taken from the Gospel of John 1:14: ο λόγος πλήρης χάριτος και αληθείας (The Word full of grace and truth).[31][32]  HP Pavilion dv5-1073ez Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Purple became Northwestern's official color in 1892,[33] replacing black and gold after a university committee concluded that too many other universities had used these colors. Today, Northwestern's official color is purple, although white is something of an official color as well, being mentioned in both the university's earliest song, Alma Mater (1907) ("Hail to purple, hail to white") and in many university guidelines.[3][34]HP Mini 110-3130tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Northwestern's Evanston campus, where the undergraduate schools, the Graduate School, and the Kellogg School of Management are located, runs north-south from Lincoln Avenue to Clark Street west of Lake Michigan along Sheridan Road. North and South Campuses have noticeably different atmospheres, owing to the predominance of Science and Athletics in the one and Humanities and Arts in the other. North Campus is home to the fraternity quads, SONY VAIO PCG-F70A/BP Laptop Keyboard the Henry Crown Sports Pavilion and Norris Aquatics Center and other athletic facilities, the Technological Institute, Dearborn Observatory, and other science-related buildings including Patrick G. and Shirley W. Ryan Hall for Nanofabrication and Molecular Self-Assembly, and the Ford Motor Company Engineering Design Center. FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard South Campus is home to the University's humanities buildings, Pick-Staiger Concert Hall and other music buildings, the Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, and the sorority quads. In the 1960s, the University created an additional 84 acres (34.0 ha) by means of a lakefill in Lake Michigan. Among some of the buildings located on these broad new acres are University Library, Norris University Center (the student union), and Pick-Staiger Concert Hall.  IBM Lenovo ThinkPad R51 1833 Laptop Keyboard The Chicago Transit Authority's elevated train running through Evanston is called the Purple Line, taking its name from Northwestern's school color. The Fosterand Davis stations are within walking distance of the southern end of the campus, while the Noyes station is close to the northern end of the campus. IBM Lenovo ThinkPad X300 Laptop Keyboard TheCentral station is close to Ryan Field, Northwestern's football stadium. The Evanston Davis Street Metra station serves the Northwestern campus in downtown Evanston and the Evanston Central Street Metra station is near Ryan Field. Pace Suburban Bus Service and the CTA have several bus routes that run through or near the Evanston campus. HP Mini 110-1032NR Laptop Keyboard Northwestern's Chicago campus is located in the city's Streeterville neighborhood. The Chicago campus is home to the medical school and affiliated hospitals, the law school, the part-time MBA program, and the School of Continuing Studies, which offers evening and weekend courses for working adults. Northwestern's professional schools and affiliated hospitals are about four blocks east of the Chicago station on the CTA Red Line. The Chicago campus is also served by CTA bus routes. COMPAQ Presario C700 Laptop Keyboard Founded at various times in the university's history, the professional schools originally were scattered throughout Chicago.[36] In connection with a 1917 master plan for a central Chicago campus and President Walter D. Scott's capital campaign, 8.5 acres (3.44 ha) of land were purchased at the corner of Chicago Avenue and Lake Shore Drive for $1.5 million in 1920.[36][36][37] The architect James Gamble Rogers was commissioned to create a master plan for the principal buildings on the new campus which he designed in collegiate gothic style.  DELL Inspiron MINI 1010 Laptop Keyboard In 1923, Mrs. Montgomery Ward donated $8 million to the campaign to finance the construction of the Montgomery Ward Memorial Building which would house the medical and dental schools and to create endowments for faculty chairs, research grants, scholarships, and building maintenance.[38] SONY 1-480-442-21 Laptop Keyboard The building would become the first university skyscraper in the United States.[35] In addition to the Ward Building, Rogers designed Wieboldt Hall to house facilities for the School of Commerce[39] and Levy Mayer Hall to house the School of Law.[40] The new campus comprising these three new buildings was dedicated during a two-day ceremony in June 1927. The Chicago campus continued to expand with the addition of Thorn Hall in 1931 and Abbott Hall in 1939.[36][41]COMPAQ Presario CQ60-201EP Laptop Keyboard In Fall 2008, Northwestern opened a campus in Education City, Doha, Qatar, joining five other American universities: Carnegie Mellon University, Cornell University, Georgetown University, Texas A&M University, and Virginia Commonwealth University.[42] Through the Medill School of Journalism and School of Communication, HP Pavilion dv3-2106tu Laptop Keyboard NU-Q offers bachelors degrees in journalism and communication respectively.[43] The Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development provided funding for construction and administrative costs as well as support to hire 50 to 60 faculty and staff, some of whom rotate between the Evanston and Qatar campuses.[44][45]HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa Laptop Keyboard Sustainability In January 2009, the Green Power Partnership (GPP, sponsored by the EPA) listed Northwestern as one of the top 10 universities in the country in purchasing energy from renewable sources. The university matches 74 million kilowatt hours (kWh) of its annual energy use with Green-e Certified Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs). DELL Inspiron N5030 Laptop Keyboard This green power commitment represents 30 percent of the university's total annual electricity use and places Northwestern in the EPA's Green Power Leadership Club. The 2010 Report by The Sustainable Endowments Institute awarded Northwestern a “B-” on its College Sustainability Report Card.[46]The Initiative for Sustainability and Energy at Northwestern (ISEN), supporting research, teaching and outreach in these themes, was launched in 2008.[47]ACER Aspire 4810TZ-4011 Laptop Keyboard Northwestern requires that all new buildings be LEED-certified. Silverman Hall on the Evanston campus was awarded Gold LEED Certification in 2010; Wieboldt Hall on the Chicago campus was awarded Gold LEED Certification in 2007, and the Ford Motor Company Engineering Design Center on the Evanston campus was awarded Silver LEED Certification in 2006. New construction and renovation projects will be designed to provide at least a 20% improvement over energy code requirements where technically feasible.[48]TOSHIBA Satellite 2410 PS241L-5Y34T Laptop Keyboard The university also released at the beginning of the 2008-09 academic year the Evanston Campus Framework Plan, which outlines plans for future development of the Evanston Campus. The plan not only emphasizes the sustainable construction of buildings, but also discusses improving transportation by optimizing pedestrian and bicycle access.[49] FUJITSU Lifebook E8110 Laptop Keyboard Northwestern has had a comprehensive recycling program in place since 1990. Annually more than 1,500 tons are recycled at Northwestern, which represents 30% of the waste produced on campus. Additionally, all landscape waste at the university is composted.[50]TOSHIBA Satellite L655-S5158 Laptop Keyboard Northwestern is privately owned and is governed by an appointed Board of Trustees. The board, composed of 70 members and as of 2011 chaired by William A. Osborn'69, delegates its power to an elected president to serve as the chief executive officer of the university.[51] Northwestern has had sixteen presidents in its history (excluding interim presidents), the current president, HP G71-343US Laptop Keyboard Morton O. Schapiro, an economist, having succeeded Henry Bienen whose 14-year tenure ended on August 31, 2009.[52][53][54] The president has a staff of vice presidents, directors, and other assistants for administrative, financial, faculty, and student matters.[55] Daniel I. Linzer, provost since September 2007, serves under the president as the chief academic officer of the university to whom the deans of every academic school, leaders of cross-disciplinary units, and chairs of the standing faculty committee report.[56] Lenovo 63Y0047 Laptop Keyboard The Associated Student Government consists of the elected representatives of the undergraduate students and the Graduate Student Association represents graduate students.[57][58] Northwestern University is composed of 12 schools and colleges. The faculty for each school consists of the dean of the school and the instructional faculty. Faculty are responsible for teaching, research, advising students, and serving on committees. Each school's admission requirements, degree requirements, courses of study, and disciplinary and degree recommendations are determined by the voting members of that school's faculty (assistant professor and above).[59] HP Mini 210-2012eo Laptop Keyboard Northwestern's endowment was $7.2 billion as of Aug. 31, 2011, estimated as ninth among US and Canadian universities.[1] In 2003, Northwestern finished a five-year capital campaign that raised $1.55 billion, $550 million more than its goal. In 2007, the university sold its royalty interest in the pain relief drugLyrica for $700 million, a drug developed at Northwestern by Richard Bruce Silverman, the John Evans Professor of Chemistry. This was the largest such sale in history,[60] the proceeds of which were added to the endowment.[61]Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard Northwestern is a large, residential research university.[7] Accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and the respective national professional organizations for chemistry, psychology, business, education, journalism, music, engineering, law, and medicine,[70] the university offers 124 undergraduate programs and 145 graduate and professional programs.[4][5] NU conferred 2,219 bachelors degrees, 2,971 masters degrees, 447 doctoral degrees, and 444professional degrees in 2009–2010.[6]SONY Vaio VGN-CR123E Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The four-year, full-time undergraduate program comprises the majority of enrollments at the university and emphasizes instruction in the arts and sciences, plus the professions of engineering, journalism, communication, music, and education.[7] Although a foundation in the liberal arts and sciences is required in all majors, there is no required common core curriculum; individual degree requirements are set by the faculty of each school.[59]  HP Pavilion dv6-3257cl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Northwestern's full-time undergraduate and graduate programs operate on an approximately 10-week academic quarter system with the academic year beginning in late September and ending in early June. Undergraduates typically take 4 courses each quarter and 12 courses in an academic year and[71] are required to complete at least 12 quarters on campus to graduate. Northwestern offers honors, accelerated, and joint degree programs in medicine, science, mathematics, engineering, and journalism.[72] The comprehensive doctoral graduate program has high coexistence with undergraduate programs.[7]HP Pavilion dv7t-6100 CTO Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Undergraduates with grade point averages in the highest 3 percent of each graduating class are awarded degrees summa cum laude, the next 5 percent magna cum laude, and the next 8 percent cum laude.[73] Northwestern also has chapters of academic honor societies such as Phi Beta Kappa (Alpha of Illinois), Eta Kappa Nu,Tau Beta Pi, and Lambda Pi Eta.[73] Since 1951, Northwestern has awarded 520 honorary degrees.[74][75] ACER Aspire 5920-302G12Mi Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Undergraduate tuition for the 2010-2011 school year was $39,840.[76] Northwestern awards financial aid solely on the basis of need through loans, work-study, grants, and scholarships.[76][77] The University processed in excess of $472 million in financial aid for the 2009-2010 academic year. This included $265 million in institutional funds, with the remainder coming from federal and state governments and private organizations and individuals. HP Pavilion dv8315nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Northwestern scholarship programs for undergraduate students support needy students from a variety of income and backgrounds. Approximately 44 percent of the June 2010 graduates had received federal and/or private loans for their undergraduate education, graduating with an average debt of $17,200. HP Pavilion dv6730ed Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Among the six undergraduate schools, 51.6% of undergraduate students are enrolled in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, 17.4% in the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science, 13.7% in the School of Communication, 8.1% in the Medill School of Journalism, 4.3% in the Bienen School of Music, and 4.9% in the School of Education and Social Policy.[78] The five most commonly awarded undergraduate degrees are in economics, journalism, communication studies, HP Pavilion dv6115tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan psychology, and political science.[79] While professional students are affiliated with their respective schools, full-time graduate academic degrees are primarily administered by the Graduate School.[80][81] With 2,446 students enrolled in science, engineering, and health fields,[82] the largest graduate programs by enrollment include chemistry, integrated biology, material sciences, electrical and computer engineering, neuroscience, and economics.[83] The Kellogg School of Management's MBA, the School of Law's JD, and the Feinberg School of Medicine's MD are the three largest professional degree programs by enrollment.[78]SONY VAIO PCG-FR315M Laptop Keyboard  SONY 148084122 Laptop Keyboard The Northwestern library system consists of four libraries on the Evanston campus including the central University Library, three libraries on the Chicago campus, and the library affiliated with Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary.[84]University Library contains over 4.9 million volumes, 4.6 million microforms, and almost 99,000 periodicals making it (by volume) the 30th-largest university library in North America and the 10th-largest library among private universities.[84][85]ASUS X53S Laptop Keyboard Notable collections in the library system include the Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies, one of the largestAfricana collections in the world,[86] an extensive collection of early edition printed music and manuscripts as well as late-modern works, and an art collection noted for its 19th and 20th-century Western art and architecture periodicals.[87] HP Pavilion dv3-2155ee Laptop Keyboard The library system participates with 15 other universities in digitizing its collections as a part of the Google Book Searchproject.[87] The Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art is a major art museum in Chicago, containing more than 4,000 works in its permanent collection as well as dedicating a third of its space to temporary and traveling exhibitions.[88]HP G62-361TX Laptop Keyboard In 2011, the Holocaust Educational Foundation, which had previously endowed the Theodore Zev Weiss – Holocaust Educational Foundation Professorship in Holocaust Studies, became part of Northwestern.[89][90]DELL Latitude D620 Laptop Keyboard Northwestern was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1917 and remains a research university with "very high" research activity.[7][8] Northwestern's schools of management, engineering, and communication are among the most academically productive in the nation.[9] Northwestern received $511.7 million in research funding in 2011. Northwestern supports nearly 1,500 research laboratories across two campuses,  SONY V072078AS1 Laptop Keyboard predominately in the medical and biological sciences. Northwestern researchers disclosed 165 inventions, filed 76 patents applications, received 58 patents, started 4 companies, and generated $824.4 million in license income in 2009. The bulk of revenue has come from a patent on pregabalin, a synthesized organic molecule discovered by chemistry professor Richard Silverman, which ultimately was marketed as Lyrica, a drug sold by Pfizer, to combat epilepsy, neuropathic pain, and fibromyalgia. The Lyrica returns in 2008 pushed Northwestern into first place among universities in licensing income.  DELL Vostro PP37L Laptop Keyboard Northwestern is home to the Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics, Northwestern Institute for Complex Systems, Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, Materials Research Center, Institute for Policy Research, International Institute for Nanotechnology, Center for Catalysis and Surface Science, Buffet Center for International and Comparative Studies, the Initiative for Sustainability and Energy at Northwestern [91] and the Argonne/Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center and other centers for interdisciplinary research.[92]GATEWAY M-1629 Laptop Keyboard The undergraduates have a number of traditions: Painting The Rock (originally a fountain donated by the Class of 1902) is a way to advertise, for example, campus organizations, events in Greek life, student groups, and university-wide events.[93]Dance Marathon, a 30-hour philanthropic event, has raised more than 13 million dollars in its history for various children's charities.[94]  TOSHIBA Satellite 1805-s204 Laptop Keyboard Primal Scream is held at 9 p.m. on the Sunday before finals week every quarter; students lean out of windows or gather in courtyards and scream.[95] Armadillo Day, or, more popularly, Dillo Day, is held on Northwestern's Lakefill every Spring on the weekend after Memorial Day.[95]FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard There are traditions long associated with football games. Students growl like wildcats when the opposing team controls the ball, while simulating a claw with their hands. They will also jingle keys at the beginning of each kickoff. In the past, before the tradition was discontinued, students would throw marshmallows during games.[96] HP G61-400SP Laptop Keyboard The Clock Tower at the Rebecca Crown Center glows purple, instead of its usual white, after a winning game, thereby proclaiming the happy news. The Clock Tower remains purple until a loss or until the end of the sports season. Whereas formerly the Clock Tower was lighted only for football victories, wins for men's basketball and women's lacrosse now merit commemoration as well; important victories in other sports may also prompt an empurpling. SONY 147977821 Laptop Keyboard Media The Daily Northwestern is the main student newspaper. Established in 1881, and published on weekdays during the academic year, it is directed entirely by undergraduates. Although it serves the Northwestern community, the Daily has no business ties to the university, being supported wholly by advertisers. It is owned by the Students Publishing Company. Current circulation is in excess of 7,500.[citation needed]SONY VAIO VGN-AR170 Laptop Keyboard Politics & Policy was founded at Northwestern and is dedicated to the analysis of current events and public policy. Begun in 2010 by students in the Weinberg College, School of Communication, and Medill School, the organization reaches students on more than two hundred and fifty college campuses around the world. Run entirely by undergraduates, Politics & Policy publishes several times a week with material ranging from short summaries of events to extended research pieces. The organization is funded in part by the Buffett Center. HP G61-300CA Laptop Keyboard North by Northwestern is an online undergraduate magazine, having been established in September 2006 by students at the Medill School. It's published on weekdays, with updates on news stories and special events inserted throughout the day and on weekends. North by Northwestern also publishes a quarterly print magazine, recently honored by the Society of Professional Journalists as the nation's best student magazine.[97]HP Pavilion dv3-2106tu Laptop Keyboard WNUR (89.3 FM) is a 7,200 watt radio station that broadcasts to Chicago and its northern suburbs. WNUR's programming consists of music – jazz, classical, rock – varsity sports (football, men's and women's basketball, baseball, softball, and women's lacrosse), breaking news on weekdays, politics, current events, and literature.[citation needed]SONY VAIO VGN-CR425E Laptop Keyboard Northwestern News Network, commonly known as NNN, is a student-produced television news report. It broadcasts news and sports programming three days a week during the academic year on NU Channel 1, online at nnntv.org, and weeknights at 10 p.m. on Evanston Public-access television cable TV channel 6.[citation needed]HP Envy 15 Laptop Keyboard Syllabus is the undergraduate yearbook. First published in 1885, the yearbook is an epitome of that year's events at Northwestern. Published by Students Publishing Company and edited by Northwestern students, it is distributed in late May. TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7332 Laptop Keyboard Northwestern Flipside is an undergraduate satirical magazine. Founded in 2009, The Flipside publishes a weekly issue both in print and online. Helicon is the university's undergraduate literary magazine. Started in 1979, it is published twice a year, a web issue in the Winter, and a print issue with a web complement in the Spring. LENOVO Ideapad S10 Laptop Keyboard TriQuarterly Online (formerly TriQuarterly) is a literary magazine published twice a year featuring poetry, fiction, nonfiction, drama, literary essays, reviews, a blog, and graphic art. [3] Studio 22 is Northwestern's student-run production company which produces roughly ten films per year. The organization, for example, financed the first film Zach Braff directed and has produced many films in which students who would go on to successful acting careers performed, including Zach Gilford of the TV show, Friday Night Lights. [98]DELL 0PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard  DELL Vostro 3500 Laptop Keyboard Two annual productions are especially notable: the Waa-Mu show, and the Dolphin show. Waa-Mu is an original musical, written and produced almost entirely by students.[99] Children's theater is represented on campus by Griffin’s Tale and Purple Crayon Players.[citation needed] Its umbrella organization—the Student Theatre Coalition, or StuCo—organizes nine student theatre companies, plus some other performance groups.[citation needed] Students produce more than sixty independent productions each year.[citation needed]TOSHIBA Mini NB 505-SP0160 Laptop Keyboard Many Northwestern alumni have used these productions as stepping stones to successful television and film careers. Chicago's Lookingglass Theatre, for example, which began life in the Great Room in Jones Residential College, was founded in 1988 by several alumni, including David Schwimmer; in 2011, it won the Regional Tony Award.[citation needed]DELL Vostro PP37L Laptop Keyboard Northwestern also has a variety of improv groups. The improv and sketch comedy group Mee-Ow created by Paul Warshauer and Josh Lazar in 1974 lists Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Ana Gasteyer, Dermot Mulroney, Seth Meyers, John Cameron Mitchell, and Kristen Schaal among its alumni. Mee-Ow, The Titanic Players, and Out da Box, a multicultural comedy show, together with Northwestern's theatre department, have brought attention to Northwestern's improv comedy training and performance.[citation needed] HP Pavilion dv6-4003tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The undergraduate students maintain twelve a cappella groups, including the Northwestern Undertones and Purple Haze, and a variety of dance companies. The dance companies include Fusion Dance Company, Northwestern's premiere Hip-Hop Dance Crew; ReFresH Dance Crew, an open dance community that offers free hip-hop choreography and freestyling lessons;[100] SONY Vaio VPC-EA290L Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Graffiti Dancers, a dance group that focuses on jazz and modern; and Boomshaka, Northwestern's premiere drum and dance ensemble, combining body rhythm, drumming, and dance.[101] Radio drama featuring student voice actors is a staple of WNUR's programming.[102]HP Pavilion dv6-3033ss Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Many students are involved in community service in one form or another. Annual events include Dance Marathon, a thirty-hour event that raised more than a million dollars for charity in 2011;[103] and Project Pumpkin, a Halloween celebration hosted by the Northwestern Community Development Corps (NCDC) to which more than 800 local children are invited for an afternoon of games and sweets. NCDC's work is to connect hundreds of student volunteers to some twenty volunteer sites in Evanston and Chicago throughout the year.[citation needed]SAMSUNG BA59-02487A Laptop Keyboard Many students have assisted with the Special Olympics and have taken alternative spring breaktrips to hundreds of service sites across the United States.[citation needed] Northwestern students also participate in the Freshman Urban Program, a program for students interested in community service.[citation needed] A large and growing number of students participate in the university's Global Engagement Summer Institute (GESI), a group service-learning expedition in Asia, Africa, ACER KB.I170A.083 Laptop Keyboard or Latin America, in conjunction with the Foundation for Sustainable Development.[104]Several internationally recognized non-profit organizations have originated at Northwestern including the World Health Imaging, Informatics and Telemedicine Alliance, a spin-off from an engineering student's honors thesis.[105][106]SONY VAIO PCG-FR315M Laptop Keyboard

Undergraduate housing

Northwestern has several housing options, including both traditional residence halls and residential colleges which gather together students who have a particular intellectual interest in common. Among the residential colleges are the Residential College of Cultural and Community Studies (CCS), Ayers College of Commerce and Industry, Jones Residential College (Arts), ACER KB.I170A.083 Laptop Keyboard Slivka Residential College (Science and Engineering), the International Studies Residential College, Communications Residential College (CRC), and the Public Affairs Residential College (PARC). In Fall 2007, 27% of undergraduates were affiliated with afraternity or sorority.[107] Northwestern recognizes 21 fraternities and 18 sororities.[108]HP Pavilion dv7t-6100 CTO Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Northwestern is a charter member of the Big Ten Conference and the only private institution in the conference. Northwestern fields 19 intercollegiate athletic teams (8 men's and 11 women's) in addition to numerous club sports.[109] The women's lacrosse team won five consecutive NCAA national championships between 2005 and 2009, went undefeated in 2005 and 2009, added another NCAA championship in 2011, and holds several scoring records.[110][111] HP Pavilion G61-400SP Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The men's basketball team is recognized by the Helms Athletic Foundation as the 1931 National Champion.[112] In the 2010-11 school year, the Wildcats had one national championship, 12 teams in postseason play, 20 All-Americans, two CoSIDA Academic All-American selections, 8 CoSIDA Academic All0District selections, 1 conference Coach of the Year and Player of the Year, 53 All-Conference and a record 201 Academic All-Big Ten athletes. Overall, 12 of Northwestern's 19 varsity programs had NCAA or bowl postseason appearances. SONY Vaio VPC-EB1S1E/BJ Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The football team plays at Ryan Field (formerly known as Dyche Stadium); the basketball and volleyball teams play at Welsh-Ryan Arena. Northwestern's athletic teams are nicknamed the Wildcats. Before 1924, they were known as "The Purple" and unofficially as "The Fighting Methodists." HP Pavilion dv6-2152nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The name Wildcats was bestowed upon the university in 1924 by Wallace Abbey, a writer for the Chicago Daily Tribune who wrote that even in a loss to the University of Chicago, "Football players had not come down from Evanston; wildcats would be a name better suited to [Coach Glenn] Thistletwaite's boys." [113] The name was so popular that university board members made "wildcats" the official nickname just months later. In 1972, the student body voted to change the official nickname from "Wildcats" to "Purple Haze" but the new name never stuck.[114]HP Pavilion dv7-6105sg Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The mascot of Northwestern Athletics is Willie the Wildcat. The first mascot, however, was a live, caged bear cub from the Lincoln Park Zoo named Furpaw who was brought to the playing field on the day of a game to greet the fans. But after a losing season, the team, deciding that Furpaw was to blame for its misfortune, HP Pavilion dv6-3129el Laptop CPU Cooling Fan banished him from campus forever. Willie the Wildcat made his debut in 1933 first as a logo, and then in three dimensions in 1947, when members of the Alpha Delta fraternity dressed as wildcats during a Homecoming Parade. The Northwestern University Marching Band (NUMB) performs at all home football games and leads cheers in the student section and performs the Alma Mater at the end of the game. HP Pavilion dv8315nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Northwestern's football team has made 73 appearances in the top 10 of the AP poll since 1936 (including 5 at #1) and has won eight Big Ten conference championships since 1903.[115][116][117] At one time, Northwestern had the longest losing streak in Division I-A, losing 34 consecutive games between 1979 and 1982.[118][119] HP Pavilion dv6-4003tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The team did not appear in a bowl game after 1949 until the 1996 Rose Bowl. Despite playing in the 1996 Rose Bowl, 1997 Citrus Bowl, 2000 Alamo Bowl, 2003 Motor City Bowl,2005 Sun Bowl, 2009 Alamo Bowl, 2010 Outback Bowl, 2011 TicketCity Bowl, and 2011 Texas Bowl, the last bowl game Northwestern won was the 1949 Rose Bowl.[120] Following the sudden death of football coach Randy Walker in 2006,[121] 31-year-old formerAll-American Northwestern linebacker Pat Fitzgerald assumed the position, becoming the youngest Division I FBS coach at the time.[122][123] HP Envy 15 Laptop Keyboard In 1998, two former Northwestern basketball players were charged and convicted for sports bribery as a result of being paid to shave points in games against three other Big 10 schools during the 1995 season.[124][125][126] The football team became embroiled in a different betting scandal later that year when federal prosecutors indicted four former players for perjury related to betting on their own games.[127] In August 2001, Rashidi Wheeler, a senior safety, SONY VAIO VGN-AW31S Laptop Keyboard collapsed and died during practice from an asthma attack.[128][129] An autopsy revealed that he had ephedrine, a stimulant banned by the NCAA, in his system, which prompted Northwestern to investigate the prevalence of stimulants and other banned substances across all of its athletic programs.[130][131] In 2006, the Northwestern women's soccer team was suspended and coach Jenny Haigh resigned following the release of images of alleged hazing.[132][133]HP Pavilion dv4-1235ee Laptop Keyboard Northwestern enrolled 8,367 full-time undergraduate and 8,108 full-time graduate and professional students in the 2010-11 academic year, along with approximately 1,100 part-time students.[6] The undergraduate population is drawn from the 50 states and from some 50 foreign countries.[6][136]Admissions are characterized as "more selective, lower transfer-in".[7] There were over 32,000 applications for the undergraduate Class of 2016 (entering 2012): 15% were admitted.[137]  TOSHIBA Satellite L655-S5065 Laptop Keyboard Theinterquartile range on the SAT was 2030–2290 and 90% ranked in the top ten percent of their high school class.[138] In 2007, Northwestern enrolled 249 National Merit Scholars as freshmen, the third-largest total in the nation.[139] 86% of students were graduated after four years, 92% after five years, the university having several five-year programs.[6]HP G62-b56EF Laptop Keyboard The university employs 2,291 full-time faculty members across its eleven schools,[2] including 18 members of the National Academy of Sciences,[140] 65 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,[141] 19 members of the National Academy of Engineering,[142] and 6 members of the Institute of Medicine.[143] SAMSUNG N140 Laptop Keyboard Notable faculty include 2010 Nobel Prize- winning economist Dale T. Mortensen;[144] nano-scientist Chad Mirkin; Tony Award-winning director Mary Zimmerman; management expert Philip Kotler; King Faisal International Prize in Science recipient Sir Fraser Stoddart; Steppenwolf Theatre director Anna Shapiro; sexual psychologistJ. Michael Bailey;[145] Holocaust denier Arthur Butz;[146] Federalist Society co-founder Steven Calabresi;[147] former Weatherman Bernardine Rae Dohrn;[148]SAMSUNG NP-N150-JP01 Laptop Keyboard ethnographer Gary Alan Fine;[149] Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Garry Wills;[150] and MacArthur Fellowship recipients Stuart Dybek, and Jennifer Richeson. Notable former faculty include political advisor David Axelrod,[151] artist Ed Paschke,[152] writer Charles Newman,[153] Nobel Prize-winning chemist John Pople,[154] and military sociologist and "don't ask, don't tell" author Charles Moskos.[155]HP Pavilion DV7-3065dx Laptop Keyboard Northwestern has roughly 225,000 alumni in all branches of business, government, law, science, education, medicine, media, and the performing arts. Among Northwestern's more notable alumni are U.S. Senator and presidential candidate George McGovern, Nobel Prize-winning economist George J. Stigler, Nobel Prize-winning novelist Saul Bellow, Pulitzer Prize-winning composer and diarist Ned Rorem, the much-decorated composer Howard Hanson,  SONY VAIO VGN-N11M Laptop Keyboard Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey Ali Babacan, the historian and novelist Wilma Dykeman, and the founder of the presidential prayer breakfast Abraham Vereide. U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice John Paul Stevens, Supreme Court Justice and Ambassador to the United Nations Arthur Joseph Goldberg, and Governor of Illinois and Democratic presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson are among the graduates of the Northwestern School of Law. SONY VAIO VGN-CR13/B Laptop Keyboard Many Northwestern alumni play or have played important roles in Chicago and Illinois, such as former Illinois governor and convicted felon Rod Blagojevich, Chicago Bulls and Chicago White Sox owner Jerry Reinsdorf, and theater director Mary Zimmerman. Northwestern alumnus David J. Skortoncurrently serves as president of Cornell University. Rahm Emanuel, the mayor of Chicago and former White House Chief of Staff, earned a Masters in Speech and Communication in 1985. HP HDX18 Laptop Keyboard Northwestern's School of Communication has been especially fruitful in the number of actors, actresses, playwrights, and film and television writers and directors it has produced. Alumni who have made their mark on film and television include Ann-Margret, Warren Beatty, Paul Lynde, David Schwimmer, Anne Dudek,Zach Braff, Zooey Deschanel, Marg Helgenberger, Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Jerry Orbach, Jennifer Jones, Jerry Springer, HP Mini 110-3150ev Laptop Keyboard Megan Mullally, John Cameron Mitchell, Dermot Mulroney, Charlton Heston, Richard Kind, Ana Gasteyer, Brad Hall, Shelley Long, William Daniels, Cloris Leachman, Bonnie Bartlett, Paula Prentiss,Richard Benjamin, Laura Innes, Charles Busch, Stephanie March, Tony Roberts, Jeri Ryan, Kimberly Williams-Paisley, FUJITSU CP270342-02 Laptop Keyboard McLean Stevenson,Tony Randall, Charlotte Rae, Patricia Neal, Nancy Dussault, Robert Reed, Mara Brock Akil, Greg Berlanti, Dan Shor, Seth Meyers,Frank DeCaro, Zach Gilford, Nicole Sullivan, Stephen Colbert and Garry Marshall. Directors who were graduated from Northwestern include Gerald Freedman, Stuart Hagmann, Marshall W. Mason, and Mary Zimmerman. Lee Phillip Bell hosted a talk show in Chicago from 1952–1986 and co-created the Daytime Emmy Award-winning soap operas The Young and the Restless in 1973 and The Bold and the Beautiful in 1987. ACER Aspire 5741 Laptop Keyboard Alumni such as Sheldon Harnick, Stephanie D'Abruzzo, Heather Headley, Kristen Schaal, Lily Rabe, and Walter Kerrhave distinguished themselves on Broadway, as has designer Bob Mackie. Amsterdam-based comedy theater Boom Chicago was founded by Northwestern alumni, and the school has become a training ground for future The Second City, I.O., ComedySportz, HP G61-420SO Laptop Keyboard Mad TV and Saturday Night Live talent.[156][157][158] Tam Spiva wrote scripts for The Brady Bunch and Gentle Ben. In New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago, the number of Northwestern alumni involved in theater, film, and television is so large that a perception has formed that there's such a thing as a "Northwestern mafia."[159][160]SONY VAIO VPCF126FM Laptop Keyboard The Medill School of Journalism has produced notable journalists and political activists including 38 Pulitzer Prize laureates. National correspondents, reporters and columnists such as The New York Times's Elisabeth Bumiller, David Barstow, Dean Murphy, and Vincent Laforet, USA Today's Gary Levin, Susan Pageand Christine Brennan, NBC correspondent Kelly O'Donnell, TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard CBS correspondent Richard Threlkeld, CNN correspondents Nicole Lapin and Joie Chen, and ESPNpersonalities Rachel Nichols, Michael Wilbon, Mike Greenberg, Steve Weissman, J. A. Adande, and Kevin Blackistone. The bestselling author of the A Song of Ice and Fire series, George R. R. Martin, earned a B.S. and M.S. from Medill.[161][162]SAMSUNG N140 Laptop Keyboard Northwestern alumni involved in music include Steve Albini, Thomas Tyra, Andrew Bird, Joshua Radin, members of Arcade Fire, The Lawrence Arms, Chavez, Dawen, and OK Go. Lastly, Northwestern alumni involved in professional sports include Rick Sund (NBA), Billy McKinney (NBA), Mark Loretta (MLB), Joe Girardi (MLB),Luis Castillo (NFL), Ernie Adams (NFL), Otto Graham (NFL), Mike Kafka (NFL), six-time Olympic medalist Matt Grevers, and PGA Tour star Luke Donald. HP Mini 110-1032NR Laptop Keyboard Streeterville is a neighborhood in the Near North Side community area of Chicago, Illinois, United States, north of theChicago River in Cook County. It is bounded by the river on the south, the Magnificent Mile portion of Michigan Avenue on the west, and Lake Michigan on the north and east, according to most sources, although the City of Chicago only recognizes a small portion of this region as Streeterville. Thus, it can be described as the Magnificent Mile plus all land east of it.[1][2] The majority of the land in this neighborhood is reclaimed sandbar.[3]Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard The neighborhood contains a combination of hotels, restaurants, professional office centers, residential high rises, universities, medical facilities, and cultural venues.[4] The area has undergone increased development in the early 21st century as numerous empty lots in Streeterville have been converted into commercial and residential properties, especially in the southern part of the neighborhood.[1] The neighborhooLenovo 63Y0047 Laptop Keyboard Before the American settlement of the Chicago area, the lake shoreline fluctuated from year to year as storm waves eroded parts of the shore and built up the shore elsewhere.[6] By 1803, when American troops started the construction of Fort Dearborn, a baymouth bar blocked the mouth of the river causing it to jog southwards and enter Lake Michigan at about the level of present dayMadison Street.[7] When surveyed in 1821 the Lake Michigan shoreline north of the river ran approximately along what is now North St Clair Street, SAMSUNG Q330-JS09 Laptop Keyboard just to the east of what

is now Michigan Avenue.[8] In 1834, after a number of failed attempts to cut through the sandbar at the mouth of the river, a 1,500-foot (457.2 m) pier was built to protect a channel cut through the bar. Silt and sand accumulated north of this pier, creating usable land that was later nicknamed "The Sands".[3] Squatters and a vice district encroached on the district, causing angst among the property owners. In 1857,Chicago Mayor John Wentworth evicted these trespassers from the land.[3] DELL PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard In the late 1880s, George Streeter claimed that his newly acquired boat struck a sandbar just off the Chicago shoreline during a storm.[9] Landfill dumped in an effort to create land on which to build Lake Shore Drive by the Lincoln Park Board created 186 acres (0.75 km2) of new land along the lake front, which Streeter attempted to claim. Streeter claimed that this newly created land was his and that it was an independent territory which he called the District of Lake Michigan.[3][10]TOSHIBA Satellite l20-101 Laptop Keyboard For the next few decades, Streeter persisted in his claims, sometimes supporting them through criminal means.[9] A witness in Streeter's 1902 land fraud trial testified that Streeter had purposely set out to contest the claims of the wealthy shoreline owners. Contractor Hank Brusser told the court that Streeter asked him to fill in portions of the shoreline in order to create confusion over land titles. Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E520 Laptop Keyboard According to Brusser, Streeter said that: "They [the owners of the shoreline] will have to buy us off" and that "We'll get a million out of it".[11] Streeter was also motivated by the profit he gained by selling and taxing the land he claimed.[12][13]DELL PF236 Laptop Keyboard The local press became enamored with the story of Streeter's brash personality and his self-proclaimed district.[3] MayorWilliam Hale Thompson tried to evict the Streeters for selling liquor,[14] and after several eviction attempts and gun battles, Streeter landed in jail.[3] In 1918, the courts ruled against his claim of sovereignty.[3] Today, the district is home to some of the most expensive real estate in Chicago.[15]HP Probook 4515S Laptop Keyboard The 1920 opening of the Michigan Avenue Bridge, which was part of the efforts to enact theBurnham Plan of 1909, as well as the economic boom of the 1920s,[5] brought wealth to the eastern sector of the Near North Side and paved the way for a luxury shopping district on North Michigan Avenue. Investors built high-rise apartment buildings such as those in theEast Lake Shore Drive Historic District, and elaborate hotels.[10] SONY VAIO VGN-AW170YIQ Laptop Keyboard The Bridge connected to a North Michigan avenue that served as a replacement for the former Pine Street which hosted warehouses and factory buildings near the river, and large mansions and rowhouses in northward sections in the neighborhoods of McCormickville and Streeterville.[5]TOSHIBA Satellite l20-101 Laptop Keyboard Magnificent Mile architecture during the economic boom of the 1920s emphasized historicistarchitectural styles such as Beaux-Arts classicism, Gothic revival, and vertical-stylemodernism. The buildings redefined the Chicago skyline with stylistic variation that gave new meaning to urban context and design compatibility.[5]HP Mini 210-1014TU Laptop Keyboard A post-World War II construction surge occurred in the area,[5] and in the 1950s the city pursued a plan of urban renewal. A local real estate developer named Arthur Rubloff led the revitalization of North Michigan Avenue under the banner of “TheMagnificent Mile.” The success of this effort spurred the erection of more high-rise apartments and new investment in the Near North Side.[10] This development led to the "canyonization" of Michigan Avenue, where the buildings on both sides of the street tower above, creating an urban "canyon".ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard DELL UW739 Laptop Keyboard Although there is general agreement[by whom?] that Streeterville is bounded on the west by the Magnificent Mile, the City of Chicago and the Streeterville Organization of Active Residents, claim the boundary extends one block further to the west to Rush Street.[16][17] Streeterville includes some of Chicago's tallest skyscrapers, such as the John Hancock Tower, and upscale stores, hotels, and restaurants.  HP Pavilion dv6-3109ea Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Although its main campus is in Evanston, Illinois, Northwestern University has its Chicago campus here.Northwestern Memorial Hospital and its Feinberg School of Medicine is located in Streeterville. ThePrentice Women's Hospital opened in October 2007, and construction started on the new campus of the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago in April 2008.[1] The Northwestern University School of Continuing Studies and part of its Kellogg School of Management are nearby.  ASUS EEE PC 1215N Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Northwestern University School of Law is at Chicago Avenue and Lake Shore Drive, adjacent to Lake Shore Park and Lake Michigan. Next to the Park is the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago. The downtown campus of the University of Chicago Booth School of Business has a Chicago River setting to the south.[4] The east side of the Magnificent Mile portion of Michigan Avenue is part of Streeterville, as are Navy Pier, the most visited attraction in Chicago, and the John Hancock Observatory, the eighth-most visited attraction in Chicago.[18]  Toshiba Portege R835 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Magnificent Mile portion of Michigan Avenue is part of Streeterville, as are Navy Pier, the most visited attraction in Chicago, and the John Hancock Observatory, the eighth-most visited attraction in Chicago.[18]SONY VAIO PCG-FR415M Laptop Keyboard The area east of Michigan Avenue and north of the Chicago River had a split personality for much of the 20th century - the northern portion upscale residential, retail, and university uses and the area near the Chicago River and Navy Pier dedicated to shipping and factories.[19] At the end of the 1960s, however, residential complexes such as Lake Point Tower(1965) and McClurg Court Center (1971)[20] began to appear among the warehouses and by the end of the century, HP 519265-001 Laptop Keyboard residential and retail dominated the entire area. The neighborhood now has a reputation as part of an upscale residential strip that balances the more industrial western portion of the Near North Side.[10] In 2007, construction started on what would have been Chicago's tallest skyscraper, the Chicago Spire.[21] It was to be located in the southeastern corner of the neighborhood, next to Lake Shore Drive. The Chicago Spire was originally supposed to be completed in 2010, but was later cancelled.[22]ASUS F82Q Laptop Keyboard In the early 21st century, much of the southern part of the neighborhood that had previously contained warehouses and empty lots has undergone development,[1] including the River East Center east of Columbus Drive.[23] The River East Art Center serves as the primary retail hub apart from the Magnificent Mile.[1] South Streeterville currently has numerous skyscrapers that are either proposed or already under construction such as a new tower at InterContinental Chicago and 500 North Lake Shore.[24] HP Pavilion dv6645us Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Streeterville hosts several landmarks and places that have been designated as historic districts. The East Lake Shore Drive Historic District, which consists of a row of early 20th century luxury apartments, sits on the northern edge of the district opposite Lake Michigan.[25] The Old Chicago Water Tower District is located along Michigan Avenue where Streeterville meets the border of theRiver North and Gold Coast (Chicago) neighborhoods at Chicago Avenue. IBM FRU 46L4753 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Water Tower District contains the only public buildings that survived the 1871 Great Chicago Fire.[26] Also, part of theMichigan–Wacker Historic District lies within Streeterville at the southern end of the Magnificent Mile and contains numerous high rises and skyscrapers built in the 1920s.[27]HP Pavilion dv5-1145ee Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The neighborhood hosts several individual landmarks. The neighborhood hosts a National Historic Landmark, the Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite, the home of the first settler in Chicago. Properties in the neighborhood listed in the National Register of Historic Places include 257 East Delaware, the 860-880 Lake Shore Drive Apartments, the Drake Hotel, HP Pavilion dv7-4010sl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the Fourth Presbyterian Church of Chicago, the Navy Pier and the Palmolive Building. Other Chicago Landmarks in the neighborhood include Allerton Hotel,Farwell Building, McGraw-Hill Building, Perkins, Fellows & Hamilton Office and Studio, Tribune Tower, and the Woman's Athletic Club. Notable buildings in the district include the skyscrapers on the Magnificent Mile: HP Pavilion dv6-3005tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Palmolive Building, formerly the Playboy Building, is a 37-story Art Deco building at 919 N. Michigan Avenue in Chicago. Built by Holabird & Root, it was completed in 1929 and was home to the Colgate-Palmolive-Peet corporation.  SONY Vaio VGN-CR140E/B Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Palmolive Building came to be known as the Playboy Building from 1965 to 1989, when it was home to Playboy magazine.[2] During this time, the word P-L-A-Y-B-O-Y was spelled out in 9 feet (2.7 m) illuminated letters.[3] It was designated a Chicago Landmark in 2000,[2] and it was added to the federalNational Register of Historic Places in 2003. SONY Vaio VGN-CR508E Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Today, the building has been converted for residential use by developer Draper and Kramer. The first two floors house upscale office and retail space. High-end condos make up the rest of the building. Notable residents of the building include Vince Vaughn and Lou Piniella.[citation needed]Toshiba Satellite A215-S4747 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan A beacon named for the aviator Charles Lindbergh was added to the building in 1930. It rotated a full 360 degrees and was intended to help guide airplanes safely to Midway Airport.[4] The beacon beamed for several decades, and ceased operation in 1981 following complaints from residents of nearby buildings.[4] During the Palmolive Building's conversion to condominiums in the late 2000s, the beacon was modified to rotate back and forth, always pointing at the lake, so as to avoid shining light into other buildings. Subsequently, the historic beacon resumed operation. SONY VAIO PCG-FRV25 Laptop Keyboard Originally conceived in the late 1960s by the Mafco Company (the former shopping center development division of Marshall Field & Co.), the skyscraper was eventually built in 1975 by Urban Retail Properties, a company led by Philip Morris Klutznick and his son Thomas J. Klutznick. The project received a J.C. Nichols Prize from the Urban Land Institute in 1986. The chief architect was Edward D. Dart. ACER NSK-H361D Laptop Keyboard The tower section is a 74-story 859-foot (262 m) reinforced concrete slab, faced with gray marble, and is the eighth tallest building in Chicago and the twenty-sixth tallest in the United States. When built, it was the tallest reinforced concrete building in the world. It contains an award-winning Ritz-Carlton hotel, luxury condominiums, and office space and sits atop a block-long base containing an atrium-style retail mall that fronts on the Magnificent Mile. FUJITSU Lifebook T4220 Laptop Keyboard Water Tower Place's opening changed the economic dynamics of the Magnificent Mile by bringing middle-class shops to what had been a street dominated by luxury retailers, tony hotels, and expensive apartments. It shifted downtown Chicago's retail center of gravity north from State Street to North Michigan Avenue. Decades after its construction, its residences and hotel remain sought after addresses, and the mall is typically fully leased, drawing large enough crowds that some retailers operate outlets both inside the mall and outside it along Michigan Avenue. SONY VAIO VGN-N11M Laptop Keyboard The 360 condo units in the tower were designed in 1973. Richard A. Meyers Realty, Inc., was the contracted sales and marketing consultant. In a recessionary market, the company was given the challenge of demonstrating the product and obtaining hard contracts before construction began. This was a challenging assignment in the recessionary climate of 1974–1976.[citation needed]SONY KFRMBA151B Laptop Keyboard A detailed product research study was conducted by Gary S. Meyers [1], which included examining on a room-by-room basis over luxury 100 high-rise condominiums in the Chicago metropolitan area and a like number around the nation. The product analysis was then compared with sales velocities of other projects to determine buyer needs and wants and their respective acceptable price points. HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee Laptop Keyboard The net result was a mathematically designed housing product that allowed for specific space allocation for each room in each unit. The results were efficient units, where each room had a competitive advantage. Because of this unique design methodology, the condominium units are still considered well designed, even decades after their construction.[citation needed]HP Mini 210-1085NR Laptop Keyboard After the product was designed, Richard A. Meyers Realty, Inc. and Urban Investment and Development took an entire floor in the Blair Building, 645 N. Michigan Avenue, and built several full-scale condominium units, several blocks away from the site. This combined marketing approach produced sales of over 100 units before the building was ready for occupancy, a pace that surpassed units ready for occupancy in competing buildings during the same period. HP Compaq NC8430 Laptop Keyboard In 2001, a program of refurbishments was begun, including enclosing the exterior arcade along Michigan and adding a loading dock in the middle of the block for additional retail space. Also included were updates to the escalators and fountains leading into the mall from North Michigan Avenue lobby, as well as enhancements to the sidewalk areas, the mall's exterior facades, and department store entrances. Some of the changes included the addition of exterior glass walls and display areas for the department stores, HP COMPAQ NX6110 Laptop Keyboard some small specialty retail space in the renovated lobby area, and large exterior rounded, corner glass bay windows and lighted "fins" on the North Michigan Avenue and side street exterior walls of the mall. These last additions broke up the boxy nature of the original architecture and added some dimension and scale to the monolithic marble walls. The interior fountain between the escalators leading from the North Michigan Avenue lobby were also updated with a tiered "pop jet" fountain with cascading waterfalls and balls of water, controlled by computer-based choreography. HP 9J.N8682.501 Laptop Keyboard The Rouse Company acquired the center in 2002 during the breakup of the then Dutch-owned Urban Shopping Centers, Inc. It was subsequently acquired by General Growth Properties. The building's most famous full-time resident is Oprah Winfrey [2]. Having bought a $6,000,000 condo on November 28, 2006, Oprah says she is planning to eventually sell her residence in Water Tower Place, according to the Chicago Sun Times. HP Probook 4520S Laptop Keyboard HP 550 Laptop Keyboard TOSHIBA Equium M30 Series Laptop Keyboard

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