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23 novembre 2012 5 23 /11 /novembre /2012 07:36

Park Tower (Chicago)

Park Tower, located at 800 North Michigan Avenue in Chicago, is a skyscraper that was completed in 2000. At 844 feet (257 m) tall with 70 floors — 67 floors for practical use, it is the eleventh tallest building in Chicago, the 35th tallest building in the United States, and the eighty-third tallest in the world by architectural detail. GATEWAY M-1629 Laptop Keyboard It is one of the world's tallest buildings to be clad with architectural precast concrete (the Transamerica Pyramid Building inSan Francisco is taller). It is one of the tallest non-steel framed structures in the world—it is a cast-in-place concrete framed structure. This building was originally intended to be 650 feet (198 m) tall. But later, the ceiling heights were increased allowing it to reach 844 feet (257 m).  TOSHIBA Satellite 1805-s204 Laptop Keyboard The building occupies a footprint of 28,000 square feet (2,601 m²). Because of the small footprint and the fact that it is a non-steel framed concrete building, this is the first building in the United States to be designed with a tuned mass damper from the outset. While other skyscrapers in America have anti-sway systems, FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard they were always added later. A tuned mass damper counteracts wind effects on the structure. (The 300 ton damper is a massive steel pendulum hung from four cables inside a square cage) Because of its massive weight, the damper has inertia that helps stabilize the building from swaying in the wind. HP G61-400SP Laptop Keyboard Designed by Chicago architectural firm Lucien Lagrange Architects, Park Tower is a mixed use tower. As the name suggests, the lower portion holds a Park Hyatt Hotel while the upper levels contain luxury condominiums. SONY VAIO VGN-AR170 Laptop Keyboard The building contains 193,000 square feet (17,930 m²) of hotel space (202 rooms), 475,000 square feet (44,129 m²) of residential space, 20,000 square feet (1,858 m²) of retail, and 92,000 square feet (8,547 m²) of parking. Levels 9, 19, and the crown are mechanical areas. SONY 147977821 Laptop Keyboard With its location on the prestigious Magnificent Mile, Park Tower is also home to the acclaimed restaurant NoMi. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is an association of 1,281 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United Statesand Canada. It is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana. HP G61-300CA Laptop Keyboard In August 1973, the current three-division setup of Division I, Division II, and Division III was adopted by the NCAA membership in a special convention. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletesfor playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. DELL Inspiron N5030 Laptop Keyboard Generally, larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was further divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently the term "Division I-AAA" was briefly added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, but that term is no longer officially used by the NCAA.[3] In 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were respectively renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) and Football Championship Subdivision (FCS). ACER Aspire 4810TZ-4011 Laptop Keyboard Inter-collegiate sports in the US began in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale met in a challenge race in the sport of rowing. As rowing remained the pre-eminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, TOSHIBA Satellite 2410 PS241L-5Y34T Laptop Keyboard many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose were settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and often had to be adapted for each contest. FUJITSU Lifebook E8110 Laptop Keyboard The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt to "encourage reforms" to college football practices in the early 20th century, which had resulted in repeated injuries and deaths and "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport."[1]TOSHIBA Satellite L655-S5158 Laptop Keyboard Following those White House meetings, Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a meeting of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes; at a follow-on meeting, 62 institutions became charter members of the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS).[1] The IAAUS was officially established on March 31, 1906, and took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910.[1]HP G71-343US Laptop Keyboard Until the 1980s, the association did not offer women's athletics. Instead an organization named the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) governed women's collegiate sports in the United States. By 1982, however, all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics and most members of the AIAW joined the NCAA.  Lenovo 63Y0047 Laptop Keyboard  HP Mini 210-2012eo Laptop Keyboard the organization's headquarters from the LaSalle Hotel in Chicago (where its offices were shared by the headquarters of theBig Ten Conference) to the Fairmount Building at 101 West 11th Street in Downtown Kansas City. The move was intended to separate the NCAA from direct influence of any individual conference and to keep it centrally located. Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard The Fairmount was a block from Municipal Auditorium which had hosted Final Four games in 1940, 1941 and 1942.After Byers moved to Kansas City, the championships would be held in Municipal in 1953, 1954, 1955, 1957, 1961, 1964.The Fairmount office consisted of three rooms with no air conditioning. Byers' staff consisted of four people (an assistant, two secretaries and a bookkeeper).[6]In 1964 it moved three blocks away to offices in the Midland Theatre. TOSHIBA Mini NB 505-SP0160 Laptop Keyboard In 1973 it moved to 6299 Nall at Shawnee Mission Parkway in suburban Mission, Kansas in a $1.2 million building on 3.4 acres (14,000 m2). In 1989 it moved six miles (10 km) further south into the suburbs to 6201 College Boulevard in Overland Park, Kansas. The new building was on 11.35 acres (45,900 m2) and had 130,000 square feet (12,000 m2) of space.[7]DELL Vostro PP37L Laptop Keyboard The NCAA was dissatisfied with its Johnson County, Kansas suburban location noting that its location on the south edges of the Kansas City suburbs was more than 40 minutes from Kansas City International Airport. They also noted that the suburban location was not drawing visitors to its new visitors' centre.[8] In 1997 it asked for bids for a new headquarters. Various cities competed for a new headquarters with the two finalists being Kansas City and Indianapolis.  HP Pavilion dv6-4003tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Kansas City proposed to relocate the NCAA back downtown near the Crown Center complex and would locate the visitors' centre in Union Station (Kansas City). However Kansas City's main sports venue Kemper Arena was nearly 30 years old.[8] Indianapolis argued that it was in fact more central than Kansas City in that two thirds of the members are east of the Mississippi River.[8]SONY Vaio VPC-EA290L Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Further the 50,000-seat RCA Dome far eclipsed the 17,000-seat Kemper. In 1999 the NCAA moved its 300 member staff to its new headquarters in the White River State Park in a four-story, 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2) facility on the west edge of downtown Indianapolis, Indiana. Adjacent to the headquarters is the 35,000-square-foot (3,300 m2) NCAA Hall of Champions.[9]HP Pavilion dv6-3033ss Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Structure The NCAA's legislative structure is broken down into cabinets and committees, consisting of various representatives of its member schools.[citation needed] These may be broken down further into sub-committees. Legislation is then passed on, which oversees all the cabinets and committees, and also includes representatives from the schools, SAMSUNG BA59-02487A Laptop Keyboard such as athletic directors and faculty advisors. Management Council legislation goes on to the Board of Directors, which consists of school presidents, for final approval. The NCAA staff provides support, acting as guides, liaison, research and public and media relations. The NCAA stands for the National Collegiate Athletic Association. ACER KB.I170A.083 Laptop Keyboard Sports sanctioned by the NCAA include the following: basketball, baseball (men), softball (women), football (men), cross country, field hockey (women), bowling(women), golf, fencing (coeducational), lacrosse, soccer, gymnastics, rowing (women only), volleyball, ice hockey, water polo, rifle (coeducational), tennis,skiing (coeducational), track and field, swimming and diving, and wrestling (men). SONY VAIO PCG-FR315M Laptop Keyboard The NCAA has never sanctioned an official championship in the highest level of football, now known as Division I FBS. Instead, several outside bodies award their own titles; see below. ACER KB.I170A.083 Laptop Keyboard As of December 2011,[13] UCLA, Stanford, and University of Southern California have the most NCAA championships; UCLA holds the most, winning a combined 108 team championships in men's and women's sports, with Stanford second, with 103, University of Southern California third with 95, Abilene Christian with 55, and then Oklahoma State with 50. SONY VAIO PCG-FR315M Laptop Keyboard During the 2008-09 school year, the Pac-10 conference captured 11 NCAA titles, outperforming any other conference. It was followed by the ACC and Big Ten with five championships, and by the Big 12 and SEC conferences with four each.[14] SONY 148084122 Laptop Keyboard The NCAA currently awards 87 national championships yearly; 44 women's, 40 men's, and coed championships for fencing, rifle, and skiing. For every NCAA sanctioned sport other than Division I FBS football, the NCAA awards trophies with gold, silver, and bronze plating for the first, second, and third place teams respectively.[citation neededASUS X53S Laptop Keyboard ] In the case of the NCAA basketball tournaments, both semifinalists who did not make the championship game receive bronze plated trophies for third place (prior to 1982 the teams played a "consolation" game to determine third place).[citation needed] Similar trophies are awarded to both semifinalists in the NCAA football tournaments (which are conducted in Division I FCS and both lower divisions), which have never had a third-place game. Winning teams maintain permanent possession of these trophies unless it is later found that they were won via serious rules violations. HP Pavilion dv3-2155ee Laptop Keyboard Starting with the 2001 season, and again in 2008, the trophies were changed.[citation needed] Starting in the 2007 basketball season, teams that make the Final Four in the Division I tournament receive bronze plated "regional championship" trophies upon winning their Regional Championship. The teams that make the National Championship game receive an additional trophy that is gold plated for the winner and silver plated for the runner-up. HP G62-361TX Laptop Keyboard Starting in the mid-1990s, the National Champions in men's and women's basketball receive a very elaborate trophy sponsored by Siemens with a black marble base and crystal "neck" with a removable crystal basketball following the presentation of the standard NCAA Championship trophy. DELL Latitude D620 Laptop Keyboard The NCAA does not hold a championship tournament for Division I FBS football. In the past, the "national championship" went to teams that placed first in any of a number of season-ending media polls, most notable the AP Poll of writers and the Coaches Poll. Currently, the Bowl Championship Series— SONY V072078AS1 Laptop Keyboard an association of the conferences and independent schools that compete in Division I FBS and four bowl games—has arranged to place the top two teams (based on a formula blending human polls and computer rankings)[15] into a national title game. The winner of the BCS title game must be ranked first in the final Coaches' Poll and receives the AFCA Coaches' Trophy (presently sponsored by Dr Pepper); since the NCAA awards no national championship for Division I FBS football,  DELL Vostro PP37L Laptop Keyboard this trophy does not say NCAA as other NCAA college sports national championship trophies do. The AP and other organizations are still free to name as national champions other teams than the one that won the BCS championship, although all conferences (and by extension their teams) are contractually agreed to the BCS formula and champion the USA Today Coaches' poll is required to vote the winner of the “BCS National Championship Game” the #1 team in the nation in the final poll. HP Pavilion dv8315nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan All conferences have sanctioned this practice and championship (with various changes to the present form seen today) for the several contractual periods since 1998.[16] In the late 1940s there were only two colleges in the country with a national TV contract, a considerable source of revenue. In 1951, the NCAA voted to prohibit any live TV broadcast of college football games during the season. HP Pavilion dv6-4003tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan No sooner had the NCAA voted to ban television than public outcry forced it to retreat. Instead, the NCAA voted to restrict the number of televised games for each team to stop the slide in gate attendance. Harold Stassen, president of theUniversity of Pennsylvania (Penn), defied the monopoly and signed a $200,000 contract with ABC. Eventually, Penn was forced to back down when the NCAA threatened to expel the Quakers from the association.  HP Envy 15 Laptop Keyboard By the 1980s, televised college football had become a much larger source of income for the NCAA. If the television contracts the NCAA had with ABC, CBS, andESPN had remained in effect for the 1984 season, they would have generated US$73.6 million for the Association and its members. In September 1981, the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia Athletic Association filed suit against the NCAA in district court in Oklahoma. SONY VAIO VGN-AW31S Laptop Keyboard The plaintiffs stated that the NCAA's football television plan constituted price fixing, output restraints, boycott, and monopolizing, all of which were illegal under the Sherman Act. The NCAA argued that its pro-competitive and non-commercial justifications for the plan—-protection of live gate, maintenance of competitive balance among NCAA member institutions and creation of a more attractive "product" to compete with other forms of entertainment—-combined to make the plan reasonable. HP Pavilion dv4-1235ee Laptop Keyboard In September 1982, the district court found in favor of the plaintiffs, ruling that the plan violated antitrust laws. It enjoined the Association from enforcing the contract. The NCAA appealed all the way to the United States Supreme Court, but lost in 1984 in the 7-2 ruling NCAA v. Board of Regents of Univ. of Oklahoma.[21]  TOSHIBA Satellite L655-S5065 Laptop Keyboard Eligibility To participate in college athletics in the freshmen year the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) states that students must meet three requirements; graduate from high school, complete the minimum required academic courses, and have qualifying grade-point average (GPA) and SAT or ACT scores.[22]HP G62-b56EF Laptop Keyboard The 16 academic credits are four courses in English, two courses in math, two classes in social science, two in natural or physical science, and one additional course in English, math, natural or physical science, or another academic course such as foreign language.[23]SAMSUNG N140 Laptop Keyboard To meet the requirements for grade point average and SAT scores students the lowest possible GPA a student may be eligible with is a 1.700 with an SAT score of 1400. The lowest SAT score a student may be eligible with is 700 with a GPA of 2.500.[22]SAMSUNG NP-N150-JP01 Laptop Keyboard As of 2011, a high school student may sign a letter of intent to enter and play football for a college only after the first Wednesday in February.[24] In August 2011, the NCAA announced plans to raise academic requirements for postseason competition, including its two most prominent competitions, HP Pavilion dv3-2106tu Laptop Keyboard football's Bowl Championship Series and the Men's Division I Basketball Championship; the new requirement, which are based on an "academic progress rate" that measures retention and graduation rates, and is calculated on a four-year, rolling basis.[25] The changes raise the rate from 900 to 930, which represents a 50% graduation rate.[25]SONY VAIO VGN-CR425E Laptop Keyboard Member schools pledge to follow the rules promulgated by the NCAA. Creation of a mechanism to enforce the NCAA's legislation occurred in 1952 after careful consideration by the membership. HP Envy 15 Laptop Keyboard Allegations of rules violations are referred to the NCAA's investigative staff. A preliminary investigation is initiated to determine if an official inquiry is warranted and to categorize any resultant violations as secondary or major. If several violations are found, the NCAA may determine that the school as a whole has exhibited a "lack of institutional control." TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7332 Laptop Keyboard The institution involved is notified promptly and may appear in its own behalf before the NCAA Committee on Infractions. The NCAA, however, has shown it is willing to forgoe its' charter to perform a preliminary investigation in favor of basing decisions, penalties and suspensions on unsupported third party documentation. LENOVO Ideapad S10 Laptop Keyboard Findings of the Committee (or third party documentation) on Infractions and the resultant sanctions in major cases are reported to the institution. Sanctions will generally include having the institution placed on "probation" for a period of time, in addition to other penalties. The institution may appeal the findings or sanctions to an appeals committee. After considering written reports and oral presentations by representatives of the Committee on Infractions and the institution, DELL 0PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard the committee acts on the appeal. Action may include accepting the infractions committee's findings and penalty, altering either, or making its own findings and imposing an appropriate penalty. Contrary to the NCAA charter, however, the Committee may disallow and has openly disallowed consideration of any appeals by the institution.  DELL Vostro 3500 Laptop Keyboard In cases of particularly egregious misconduct, the NCAA has the power to ban a school from participating in a particular sport, a penalty known as the "Death Penalty". Since 1985, any school that commits major violations during the probationary period can be banned from the sport involved for up to two years. ACER Aspire 5741 Laptop Keyboard However, when the NCAA opts not to issue a death penalty for a repeat violation, it must explain why it didn't do so. This penalty has only been imposed three times in its modern form, most notably when Southern Methodist University's football team had its 1987 season canceled due to massive rules violations dating back more than a decade. HP G61-420SO Laptop Keyboard SMU opted not to field a team in 1988 as well due to the aftershocks from the sanctions, and the program has never recovered; it has only two winning seasons and one bowl appearance since then. The devastating effect the death penalty had on SMU has reportedly made the NCAA skittish about issuing another one. Since the SMU case, there are only three instances where the NCAA has seriously considered imposing it against a Division I school; it imposed it against Division II Morehouse College's men's soccer team in 2003 and Division III MacMurray College's men's tennis team in 2005. SONY VAIO VPCF126FM Laptop Keyboard Additionally, in particularly egregious cases of rules violations, coaches, athletic directors and athletic support staff can be barred from working for any NCAA member school without permission from the NCAA. This procedure is known as a "show-cause penalty" (not to be confused with an order to show cause in the legal sense).[26] Theoretically, TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard a school can hire someone with a "show cause" on their record during the time the show cause order is in effect only with permission from the NCAA Infractions Committee. The school assumes the risks and stigma of hiring such a person. It may then end up being sanctioned by the NCAA and the Infractions Committee for their choice, SAMSUNG N140 Laptop Keyboard possibly losing athletic scholarships, revenue from schools who would not want to compete with that other school, and the ability for their games to be televised, along with restrictions on recruitment and practicing times. As a result, a show-cause order usually has the effect of blackballing individuals from being hired for the duration of the order. HP Mini 110-1032NR Laptop Keyboard Furthermore, in particularly egregious cases of alleged despicable institutional behavior, proven or unproven, and athletically or non-athletically related, the NCAA may submit an ultimatum to the institution upon threat of implementation of the "Death Penalty", most notably The Penn State University's football program. Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association(NCAA) in the United States. D-I schools are generally the major collegiate athletic powers, with larger budgets, more elaborate facilities, and more athletic scholarships than Divisions II and III. This level was once called the University Division of the NCAA, in contrast to the College Division; this terminology was replaced with numeric divisions (I, II, III) in 1973.[1]Lenovo 63Y0047 Laptop Keyboard Infootball only, Division I was further subdivided in 1978 into Division I-A (the principal football schools) and Division I-AA;[2] these were renamed "Football Bowl Subdivision" and "Football Championship Subdivision" in 2006.[3][4] Division I contains 346 institutions. There was a moratorium on any additional movement up to Division I until 2012. SAMSUNG Q330-JS09 Laptop Keyboard All Division I schools must field athletes in at least seven sports for men and seven for women or six for men and eight for women, with two team sports for each gender.[5] There are several other NCAA sanctioned minimums and differences that distinguish Division I from Divisions II and III.[5] DELL PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard Subdivisions Subdivisions in Division I exist only in football.[4][26] In all other sports, all Division I conferences are equivalent. The subdivisions were recently given names to reflect the differing levels of football play in them. Additionally, some sports, most notably ice hockey[27] and men's volleyball, have completely different conference structures that operate outside of the normal NCAA sports conference structure. HP Pavilion dv7t-6100 CTO Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The method by which the NCAA determines whether a school is Bowl or Championship subdivision is first by attendance numbers and then by scholarships.[28] For attendance reporting methods, the NCAA allows schools to report either total tickets sold or the number of persons in attendance at the games. They require a minimum average of 15,000 people in attendance every other year.[28] These numbers get posted to the NCAA statistics website for football each HP Pavilion G61-400SP Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the new rules starting in the 2006 season, the number of Bowl Subdivision schools could drop in the future if those schools are not able to pull in enough fans into the games. Additionally, 8 schools in the Championship subdivision had enough attendance to be moved up in 2005 (although they would need to either compete as independents or join a conference in order to do so). SONY Vaio VPC-EB1S1E/BJ Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, is the top level of college football, which is currently the only NCAA-sponsored sport without an organized tournament to determine its champion.[29] Schools in Division I FBS compete in post-season bowl games, with the champions of six conferences receiving automatic bids to the Bowl Championship Series to determine a national champion. HP Pavilion dv6-2152nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan This is due to many factors, including that bowl games are sanctioned by the NCAA (primarily in terms of amateurism regulations and guaranteeing a minimum payout to conferences of the participating schools), but are not under its direct administration. Starting with the 2014 season, the BCS will undergo radical change, with a four-team playoff to determine a national champion almost certain to be adopted.[30]HP Pavilion dv7-6105sg Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The remaining five conferences, often referred to as "Mid-majors",[31][32] do not receive automatic bids but their conference champions are eligible for an automatic bid if it ranks in the BCS top 12 or in the top 16 and ahead of the champion from a conference with an automatic bid. Only one "mid-major" champion can qualify for an automatic bid in any year. The one exception is Notre Dame, which only has to rank in the top eight of the BCS standings to earn an automatic bid to a BCS bowl game.[33]HP Pavilion dv6-3129el Laptop CPU Cooling Fan FBS schools are limited to a total of 85 football players receiving financial assistance.[34] For competitive reasons, a student receiving partial scholarship counts fully against the total of 85. Nearly all FBS schools that are not on NCAA probation give 85 full scholarships. HP Mini 210-1014TU Laptop Keyboard As of 2012, there are 120 full members of Division I FBS. The most recent addition to FBS was Western Kentucky University, which ended its two-year transition period from Division I FCS in 2008 and became a full FBS member in 2009.[35] In July 2011, four schools began transitions to FBS, starting as FCS members. Under NCAA rules, these schools were ineligible for the FCS playoffs in 2011. In 2012, they will be provisional FBS members without bowl eligibility, with full FBS membership following in 2013. TOSHIBA Satellite l20-101 Laptop Keyboard Another school, Georgia Southern University, has announced plans for an eventual upgrade to FBS. The school announced on September 28, 2012 that its students had approved increases in student fees to fund an expansion of its football stadium and an FBS upgrade. The fees must still be approved by the board of regents of the University System of Georgia. If approved by that body, the stadium fee will go into effect in 2013–14, and the FBS fee will take effect after GSU receives an invitation from an FBS conference.[39]ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard DELL UW739 Laptop Keyboard Any conference with at least 12 football teams may split its teams into two divisions and conduct a championship game between the division winners.[40][41] The prize is normally a specific bowl game bid for which the conference has a tie-in, or a guaranteed spot in the BCS (depending on the conference).  HP Pavilion dv6-3109ea Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Some conferences have numbers in their names but this often has no relation to the number of member institutions in the conference. The Big Ten Conference did not formally adopt the "Big Ten" name until 1987, but unofficially used that name when it had 10 members from 1917 to 1946, and again from 1949 forward. However, it has continued to use the name even after it expanded to 11 members with the addition of Penn State in 1990 and 12 with the addition of Nebraska in 2011.  ASUS EEE PC 1215N Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Big 12 Conference was established in 1996 with 12 members, but continues to use that name even after the 2011 departure of Colorado and Nebraska left the conference with 10 members. On the other hand, the Pacific-12 Conference has used names (official or unofficial) that have reflected the number of members since its current charter was established in 1959. The conference unofficially used "Big Five" (1959–62), "Big Six" (1962–64),  Toshiba Portege R835 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan and "Pacific-8" (1964–68) before officially adopting the "Pacific-8" name. The name duly changed to "Pacific-10" in 1978 with the addition of Arizona and Arizona State, and "Pacific-12" in 2011 when Colorado and Utah joined. Conferences also tend to ignore their regional names when adding new schools. SONY VAIO PCG-FR415M Laptop Keyboard For example, the Pac-8/10/12 retained its "Pacific" moniker even though its four newest members (Arizona, Arizona State, Colorado, Utah) are located in the inland West, and the Big East kept its name even after adding schools (either in all sports or for football only) located in areas traditionally considered to be in the Midwest (Cincinnati, DePaul, Marquette, Notre Dame), Upper South (Louisville, Memphis), Southwest (Houston, SMU) and Far West (Boise State, San Diego State). HP 519265-001 Laptop Keyboard Water Tower Place continues to be a shopping destination due to its size and its wide variety of shops, despite only having one anchor. The stores include Crane & Co Paper Makers, three of Abercrombie & Fitch's stores (Hollister Co., abercrombie Kids, and Abercrombie & Fitch) occupying the mall. American Eagle Outfitters opened in fall 2007. ASUS F82Q Laptop Keyboard Chocolatier Godiva has a location in the mall. Other retailers include bebe, bebe sport, Banana Republic, Florsheim, Lacoste, Victoria's Secret,Movado, I Medici Firenze, Sephora, Betsy Johnson, CUSP, Chico's, Ann Taylor, White House Black Market, J. Jill, Oakley,Crabtree & Evelyn, The Limited, Finish Line, Inc., Lids, Aldo, Coach, Forever 21, Wet Seal and the official Chicago CubsClubhouse Shop. HP Pavilion DV7-3065dx Laptop Keyboard Instead of a classic style food court, Water Tower Place offers multiple restaurant and cafeteria style eateries in the atrium of the center (Mity Nice Grill and Foodlife, both owned by Lettuce Entertain You Restaurants) as well as Wow Bao in the entrance area and Auntie Anne's Pretzels on the 7th Floor.  SONY VAIO VGN-N11M Laptop Keyboard The eight-level mall has over 100 shops, including Macy's (formerly a branch of the renowned Marshall Field's), the flagshipAmerican Girl store (occupying the former Lord & Taylor which closed in March 2007), a live theatre, and several restaurants, arranged around a chrome-and-glass atrium with glass elevators. SONY VAIO VGN-CR13/B Laptop Keyboard It was one of the first vertical malls in the world, although along North Michigan Avenue it has been joined by The Shops at North Bridge and the Avenue Atrium (better known as 900 North Michigan), both of which contain higher end retail mixes. The building's design successfully addresses the challenge of providing separate entries and vertical circulation for, what amounts to a regional mall-scaled retail center, one department store, the theater, offices, hotel, and residences. HP HDX18 Laptop Keyboard The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) is a selection system that creates five bowl match-ups involving ten of the top ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), including an opportunity for the top two to compete in the BCS National Championship Game. HP Mini 110-3150ev Laptop Keyboard The BCS relies on a combination of polls and computer selection methods to determine relative team rankings, and to narrow the field to two teams to play in the BCS National Championship Game held after the other college bowl games. The American Football Coaches Association is contractually bound to vote the winner of this game as the BCS National Champion and the contract signed by each conference requires them to FUJITSU CP270342-02 Laptop Keyboard recognize the winner of the BCS National Championship game as the official and only Champion. The BCS was created to end split championships and for the Champion to win the title on the field between the two teams selected by the BCS. In that regard it has failed, as the 2003 NCAA Division I-A football season ended with a split championship. HP Pavilion dv6-3005tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The system also selects match-ups for the other prestigious BCS bowl games. The ten teams selected include the conference champion from each of the six Automatic Qualifying conferences plus four others. The BCS was created by formal agreement by those six conferences (the Atlantic Coast, Big East, Big Ten, Big 12, Pacific-10 [now Pacific-12], and Southeastern conferences) and the three FBS independent schools, and has evolved to allow other conferences to participate to a lesser degree.  SONY Vaio VGN-CR140E/B Laptop CPU Cooling Fan It has been in place since the 1998 season. Prior to its formation, the Associated Press’s number one and two teams met in bowl games only eight times in 56 seasons. In contrast, since the creation of the BCS, number one has played number two 12 years in a row by BCS measurements and nine times according to the AP Poll. Prior to the 2006 seasoneight teams competed in four BCS Bowls. The BCS replaced the Bowl Alliance, in place from 1995–1997, which followed the Bowl Coalition, in place from 1992–1994. SONY Vaio VGN-CR508E Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On June 26, 2012, the Bowl Championship Series was replaced by a four-team playoff, effective for the 2014–15 season.[2] After Relient K was founded by Matt Thiessen, Matt Hoopes and Brian Pittman in 1998,[7] Todd Frascone joined for a short time in 1998 as a drummer. However, Frascone left the band after recording the demo All Work and No Play. The demo was recorded by Mark Lee Townsend, the former live guitar player for dc Talk. Townsend had met the band members because his daughter, Danielle, was friends with the band. Danielle eventually married guitarist Matt Hoopes.[8]Toshiba Satellite A215-S4747 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan All Work and No Play caught the attention of dc Talk's Toby McKeehan (tobyMac), who later signed the band to his label, Gotee Records. With the label Relient K released their debut EP, 2000 A.D.D. in 2000, with Stephen Cushman on drums. Soon after, they released Relient K, their first full-length CD. SONY VAIO PCG-FRV25 Laptop Keyboard It was distinctlyChristian rock and featured lyrics with a wide range of pop-culture references.[9] Cushman left later that year to join the Christian metal band Narcissus. Brett Schoneman of Christian rock band Philmore filled in temporarily,[10][11][12] followed by Jared Byers, drummer of the Christian rock band Bleach, until Dave Douglas joined in December 2000.[1]ACER NSK-H361D Laptop Keyboard In an interview, Matt Thiessen said that when the band started, he was the only one who sang, but he knew Matt Hoopes could sing as well. Hoopes was reluctant, but Thiessen said he "got it out of him". As a result, Hoopes became the primary back-up vocalist.[13]FUJITSU Lifebook T4220 Laptop Keyboard The band released their second album, The Anatomy of the Tongue in Cheek, in 2001. Though there were still plenty of pop-culture references on this album,[9] it contained many more softer songs and slightly lighter guitars.[14] They would continue chords through tracks in order to fluidly transition in between songs, a trend that continued on their later albums.[14]SONY VAIO VGN-N11M Laptop Keyboard Anatomy landed them in the Christian rock limelight, and Relient K was offered a clothing deal with Abercrombie & Fitch in 2001.[9] Gotee, their label, accepted the offer on Relient K's behalf; Pittman recalls, "The choice was never really given to us. The label made the choice."[15] After significant pressure fromconservative Christian organizations such as Focus on the Family, Gotee backed out of the contract. SONY KFRMBA151B Laptop Keyboard Relient K was then asked to do a rendition of the popular VeggieTales song "The Pirates Who Don't Do Anything" for the 2002 feature length VeggieTales movieJonah: A VeggieTales Movie. The song was released on three different albums, two in single form. The first version also included their song "Breakdown" being sung by Larry the Cucumber. HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee Laptop Keyboard There was also a promotional version which included the original version of "Breakdown". A cut-down version (missing the bridge) was included on the Christian rock compilation Veggie Rocks!.[citation needed] This song mixes the sounds of The Anatomy of the Tongue in Cheek, and their third album,Two Lefts Don't Make a Right...but Three Do.[citation needed]HP Mini 210-1085NR Laptop Keyboard Two Lefts Don't Make a Right...but Three Do (2003) In 2003, Relient K released Two Lefts Don't Make a Right...but Three Do. The album had multiple covers of different colors, each depicting a vehicle in some kind of wreck. As pop-culture references became less specific, sound and vocals became far more defined.[16] Two Lefts Don't Make a Right...but Three Do (often called Two Lefts by fans) combined the soft, meaningful songs of The Anatomy of the Tongue in Cheek and threw in fast-paced songs with deep lyrics.[16] It was nominated for a Grammy in the category of "Best Rock Gospel Album"[3] and won the Dove Award for "Modern Rock Album of the Year" in 2004.[4]TOSHIBA Satellite l20-101 Laptop Keyboard During this time, Relient K also released a limited edition red vinyl EP entitled The Vinyl Countdown, only released in one printing. The EP included two versions of the song, "Five Iron Frenzy is Either Dead or Dying." The album was dedicated to Jesse Alkire, contest winner and friend of Matthew Thiessen, who inspired the song "The Vinyl Countdown."[17]Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E520 Laptop Keyboard DELL PF236 Laptop Keyboard Since Two Lefts Don't Make a Right...but Three Do was released in March 2003, Relient K released a bonus disc for Christmas, entitled Deck the Halls, Bruise Your Hand. The album was packaged with Two Lefts Don't Make a Right...but Three Do from November 2003 to December 2003.[16]HP Probook 4515S Laptop Keyboard The group released their fourth album, Mmhmm, in late 2004. Pop-culture references were even less specific than on their third album, if present at all. The album was significantly more on the serious side with very few of the silly songs the band was known for.[18] The album had the band experimenting with their sound a bit more, which included incorporating piano,hardcore punk and some pop music.[18] SONY VAIO VGN-AW170YIQ Laptop Keyboard In July 2005, the album was certified gold for shipping over 500,000 copies. It is reported that it has sold approximately 796,000 copies.[19] Driven by newfound recognition from MmhmmTwo Lefts Don't Make a Right...but Three Do was also certified gold in spring 2005. Also, it was announced in 2006 that their second record, The Anatomy of the Tongue in Cheek, had reached the Gold rank as well as certified by the RIAA.[20]HP 550 Laptop Keyboard Shortly before Mmhmm's release, longtime bassist Brian Pittman left the band, citing that he was tired of touring and wanted to start a landscaping company.[21] He also joined Christian metal band Inhale Exhale shortly afterward. Matt Thiessen announced Pittman's departure in fall 2004, saying: "After almost seven years of being in Relient K, our cherished and lifelong friend, Brian Pittman has decided to move on to other things. That IS crazy, huh? Brian decided to leave the band in July, TOSHIBA Equium M30 Series Laptop Keyboard so we've had plenty of time to let the initial shock die down. We're aware that a lot of you already knew, so we apologize for not announcing this sooner. There were many reasons. He thought long and hard about his decision, and he came to the conclusion that he would like to do other things than play bass for the band. We respect him for it. We'd be lying to say that we're not all completely bummed that Brian won't be a part of Relient K anymore. And though we know things won't be the same without him, it must be said that we have always valued our friendships with him more than our on-stage relationship. DELL Vostro 1015 Laptop Keyboard "Anyway, all of us still hang out, and its like nothing is different at all. I feel like that's how you know that you've made a friend that will be there for the rest of your days. We want to thank Brian for all the years he gave the band. You're the best, buddy."[8]DELL Vostro 3450 Laptop Keyboard Pittman reunited with the band for one final show, which was the release party for "Mmhmm" at the Newport Music Hall in Columbus, Ohio on November 1, 2004. John Warne, lead singer and guitarist of Ace Troubleshooter, filled in as bassist for the remainder of 2004 and became full-time bassist in 2005. Also in 2005, Jon Schneck joined as a third guitarist, as well as a banjo and bell player, to create a fuller, more distinctive sound. This was also because the band planned to add more piano, and having another guitarist gave Matt Thiessen the freedom to do that.[22] HP Pavilion dv6643cl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Mmhmm features two Top 40 hits which both made it on MTV's Top Ten. The track "Be My Escape" is the band's most popular mainstream song to date.[citation needed]Its music video entered MTV's Top Ten, and landed them an appearance on The Tonight Show and Jimmy Kimmel Live!. "Be My Escape" is also featured on Now! 19, a popular secular and quasi-annual compilation series. It was classified as a gold single in October 2005.[20] SONY Vaio VGN-SZ791N/X Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The music video for "Who I Am Hates Who I've Been" has also made its way onto the Total Request Live countdown,[23] many top 40 radio stations, and was included on Now! 21Mmhmm was awarded a Dove Award in 2006 for the "Rock Album of the Year."[5] The band was also nominated for "Artist of the Year" and "Band of the Year" at GMA Canada's 2006 Covenant Awards.[24]HP Pavilion dv7-4105ez Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Five Score and Seven Years Ago (2007) Recording sessions for another studio album, Five Score and Seven Years Ago, started on June 18, 2006 and continued for parts of July and August. Some tracks on the album were produced by Howard Benson, (The All-American Rejects, My Chemical Romance, P.O.D.). "Four score and seven years ago" is the first line of the Gettysburg Address, HP Pavilion dv5-1220eo Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the famous speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. Thiessen had said that the title of the album comes from the fact that it's the band's fifth album, it is the first time all five of them are on a record together, and it has been seven years since they made their first record.[25]HP Envy 17-1009tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan While the band hoped for a November 2006 release, the official release date was announced as March 6, 2007.[25] The album is considered, by the band, to be their happiest record to date. On March 2, 2007 the entire album (except the last track, "Deathbed") was made available for streaming on the band's MySpace. Five Score and Seven Years Ago debuted at No. 6 on the Billboard 200 chart, selling about 64,000 copies in its first week.[26] HP Pavilion dv7-2240ef Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The band's first single from the album, "Must Have Done Something Right," was released on the iTunes Store on November 28, 2006 and to radio on January 9, 2007. "Forgiven" was the first radio single directed at Christian stations. "Forgiven" was the most added song on Christian radio and entered Billboard's Hot Christian Songs chart on January 11, 2007. The single received enough airplay to be the fourth most played song on Christian Hit Radio (CHR) stations in 2007 according to R&R magazine.[27]HP Pavilion dv7-6130ez Laptop CPU Cooling Fan  HP Pavilion dv6645us Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The second single from the album, "The Best Thing," was released to radio on April 10, 2007, taking the 7th most adds in its first week. Thiessen has said that "The Best Thing" is "the anti-Daniel Powter "Bad Day" song. It's straight-up positive." A video was filmed for the single.[28] The second single released on Christian CHR radio stations was "Give Until There's Nothing Left", which was the 20th most played song on CHR radio stations in 2007.[27]IBM FRU 46L4753 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In the early morning of June 28, 2007, Relient K's bus caught on fire from an oil spill from the engine. Everyone escaped safely, but the band lost many instruments, laptops, cameras, phones, iPods, clothes, and merchandise. Matt Thiessen said he lost a laptop that had roughly 100 unfinished songs on it, and Dave Douglas lost his Battlefield drum set. In the midst of it, the band still laughed at the situation, calling it "cinematic".[29] On a blog post on their website, HP Pavilion dv5-1145ee Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Matt Thiessen stated that the next day after the fire, the band went to view the damage of their van and found that while 85% of their gear was intact, Douglas's drum kit set was not salvageable.[30] A member of the Switchfoot forums first announced it, asking everyone to pray for the band. The band had just played Creation Northeast, HP Pavilion dv7-4010sl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan and had to cancel their appearance at Cornerstone Festivalin Illinois, which the band has named as one of their favorite shows to do. They did, however, play their next scheduled show in Greeley, CO on June 30, 2007. In the months following, the band played more Christian rock festivals. COMPAQ Presario CQ42-457TU Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The band released Let It Snow, Baby... Let It Reindeer, a Christmas album, on October 23, 2007. The CD contained all of the tracks from Deck the Halls, Bruise Your Hand as well as six new songs.[31][32][33][34] This Christmas themed re-release was met with a peak of No. 96 on the Billboard 200.[35]HP Pavilion dv9000 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Relient K, Switchfoot and Ruth recently recorded a song together, "Rebuild". It is available for download on Switchfoot's website; fans can choose between paying for the song (with proceeds going to Habitat for Humanity) or downloading it for free.[36] HP Pavilion dv9885ea Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On October 18, 2007 drummer Dave Douglas announced his departure on the band's website due to a desire to pursue his side-project Gypsy Parade with his wife Rachel. There is no animosity between any of the members, and he finished to tour with the band until his last show on December 29, 2007.[37][38] On February 12, 2008 it was announced that Ethan Luck, former guitarist of The O.C. Supertones and for Demon Hunter, would be replacing Douglas as the band's new drummer.[39]Luck and Warne were in a short-lived band together called Guerilla Rodeo. HP Pavilion dm3-1020CA Laptop Keyboard The recording of "The Pirates Who Don't Do Anything" which Relient K recorded for the 2002 movie, Jonah: A VeggieTales Movie, was reused in The Pirates Who Don't Do Anything: A VeggieTales Movie.[citation needed]SONY VAIO VGN-N17G Laptop Keyboard On July 1, 2008 Relient K released a double EP. The double EP is contained on a single disc and contains the The Nashville Tennis EP and The Bird and the Bee SidesThe Nashville Tennis EP included 13 tracks of new material

that allowed the band to explore their sound a bit by allowing other band members, besides Thiessen and Hoopes, to compose/record a few tracks, as well as adding some influences from country and ska music. DELL Latitude D531 Laptop Keyboard The Bird and the Bee Sides contained tracks that had previously been released on hard-to-come-by records.[40][41] The The Bird and the Bee Sides won the 2009 GMA Canada Covenant Award for Modern Rock/Alternative Album Of The Year. In turning in the EP, Relient K officially fulfilled their contract with Gotee Records and subsequently signed to and now manage Mono Vs. Stereo (an imprint of Gotee Records).[42] HP 597635-001 Laptop Keyboard Forget and Not Slow Down (2009) In early 2009, the band began to write music for an album to be released later in 2009.[43] Thiessen stated that they were keen on finishing the album for a 2009 release and had begun recording the new album with their "favorite" producer, Mark Lee Townsend at Dark Horse Recording Studio in Tennessee. After recording a few tracks, HP 9J.NOL82.W01 Laptop Keyboard hey stated that they would travel to California to record some more tracks with John Feldmann. Webisodes released weekly via the band's MySpace andFacebook pages show the recording progress in the studio.[44] On May 8, 2009, Thiessen announced on his Twitter account that the new album would be called Forget and Not Slow Down, which is also the title of a song on the album.[45]TOSHIBA Mini NB 505-SP0160 Laptop Keyboard Forget and Not Slow Down was available for pre-order, with the option of having a faux VIP-Pass signed by members of the band, and t-shirt, and a poster featuring the names of all who pre-ordered the album. On September 29, the album was made available for stream off of AbsolutePunk. It was released on October 6, 2009. ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard A bonus song was offered to customers who bought the album from Amazon.com's MP3 store. The song is entitled "Terminals" and was produced by Owl City's Adam Young. The song is now available for download without purchasing the full album. HP Compaq NC8430 Laptop Keyboard On April 11, 2011, the band posted on their Facebook page that they had entered the studio to record a cover album.[46] On June 14, 2011, Alt Press reported the EP would be called K Is for Karaoke and displayed the album artwork.[47] The band revealed one album song per day on their Facebook page. The first album, Is for Karaoke EP, HP COMPAQ NX6110 Laptop Keyboard was made available for download on June 28, 2011 through the Amazon MP3 store. It was also available through iTunes or as a physical CD on the Vans Warped Tour and Rock The Universe at Universal Studios. On October 4, 2011 they released a second EP, Is for Karaoke EP, Part 2, and also the full-length album,Is for Karaoke, which features all the tracks from both EPs.[48]HP 9J.N8682.501 Laptop Keyboard In 2004, Relient K released a book entitled The Complex Infrastructure Known as the Female Mind. The book clues in the confused male Relient K fans on some of the inner workings of the female species, and clues in the confused female Relient K fans on some of the thoughts of males.[62] The band gives advice on the opposite sex through personal experience, HP Probook 4520S Laptop Keyboard stereotypes (including The Rock Chick and Vanilla Pudding), and Biblical advice—presented in the attitude found in their music. The title of the book is taken from the last line of the song "Mood Rings," which is found on their third album, Two Lefts Don't Make a Right...but Three Do. HP Pavilion dv6-2113sa Laptop Keyboard In June 2006, Relient K released the first episode of their own flash cartoon. The cartoon features all five band members, and takes place in a fictional land known as Woodland Forest. It is animated by bassist John Warne. There have only been two episodes thus far, and can be found on YouTube.[63][64] The cartoons also feature "Merle the Squirrel," singing the Woodland Forest theme song, as well as "Crosby the Reindeer," singing O Holy Night. DELL Inspiron 1750 Laptop Keyboard Relient K has made a total of nine audio podcasts and eleven video podcasts.[citation needed] The nine audio podcasts were made during the band's time on the Matt Hoopes Birthday Tour. They included interviews with the band members, their guitar techs, and various other people who help them on tour. There were also interviews with the other touring bands, The Rocket Summer and Maxeen.[citation needed] SONY VAIO VGN-FS760/W Laptop Keyboard The five video podcasts include various scenes in the studio, as well as the band doing things outside the studio, much like the video podcasts made by Switchfoot. The first two video podcasts showed the band in the studio preparing for the recording of Five Score and Seven Years Ago, and Dave Douglas recording the drum parts, SONY KFRMBA221A Laptop Keyboard respectively. The third video podcast was a collection of footage and discussions from the Nintendo Fusion Tour, and a Mario Kart DS Tournament between the five band members. The fourth video podcast showed Jon Schneck and Dave Douglas preparing for a boxing match (which is also included and completed in the Wal-Mart "DELL Inspiron N4050 Laptop Keyboard Devastation and Reform" video), and the fifth video podcast showed the completion of the battle. There is a sixth unreleased video podcast including John Warne fulfilling his lifelong dream of walking into a room with the AutoZone Theme Song playing. It shows Warne recording the song with the assistance of Dave Douglas and Jon Schneck. It can be found on YouTube at the present time, and it is currently unofficially released on the site, ACER Aspire 5742Z Laptop Keyboard as it has not made it to the band's official site.[citation needed] Their eighth video podcast is about the band going to see millions of bats fly at sundown. The last podcast is a short video showing the band playing a game they made up called "Gum Golf" which they came with up during the release of their Christmas album Let it Snow, Baby... let it Reindeer. Just recently Relient K released four podcasts telling of their new album.  ACER Aspire 5336 Laptop Keyboard Outside of Relient K, Matt Thiessen has a piano-focused solo project called Matthew Thiessen and the Earthquakes. He started it in 1998, around the time Relient K was started. He has released seven songs either online or on various CD releases. Thiessen also has The Makeout Girls, a less serious side project that features himself and his friend, Kevan Peden. They have released one known song, which was the hidden track known as "Silly Shoes" from Two Lefts Don't Make a Right...but Three Do.[citation needed] SONY VAIO VGN-FS315E Laptop Keyboard Former drummer Dave Douglas created a project called Agnes, a solo rock project that somewhat resembles the sound of Relient K's earlier music with his own twist. Douglas also started a project called Gypsy Parade, a softer project that he started with his wife, Rachel. They have released two demo songs on their MySpace with more expected. Douglas amicably left Relient K to further pursue this project.[citation needed] Gypsy Parade has since disbanded, Attack Cat taking its place.[65] SONY Vaio PCG-K215Z Laptop Keyboard Ethan Luck, the current drummer, was involved with the Christian metal band Demon Hunter until late 2009, but he also has a side project called My Red Hot Nightmare[citation needed] which included drummer Josh Abbott, who was the drummer for Bassist John Warne's band, Ace Troubleshooter for the band's entire existence. Luck also played guitar in the Christian Ska band The O.C. Supertones and is featured on a few of their albums, including Loud and Clear and Live! Volume One. ACER TravelMate 5742 Laptop Keyboard Three tracks were featured on the compilation album My Other Band, Vol. 1 on Mono vs Stereo records in 2006, from Matt Thiessen's side project Matthew Thiessen and the Earthquakes, Dave Douglas' side project Agnes, and Ethan Luck's My Red Hot Nightmare project.[citation needed] Relient K was part of a fundraiser called "Habitat for Humanity" with other Christian bands. Matt Thiessen and Jon Foreman (Switchfoot's lead singer and guitarist) wrote a song called "Rebuild" to help raise even more money.  SAMSUNG Q330-JS09 Laptop Keyboard Packard Bell EasyNote TJ75 Laptop Keyboard Packard Bell PEW91 Laptop Keyboard

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