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Palau (i/pəˈlaʊ/, sometimes spelled Belau or Pelew), officially the Republic of Palau (Palauan: Beluu er a Belau),[4] is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. It is geographically part of the larger island group of Micronesia. The country's population of around 21,000 is spread across 250 islands forming the western chain of the Caroline Islands. HP Pavilion dv7-1157cl CPU Fan 

The most populous island is Koror. The islands share maritime boundarieswith Indonesia, Philippines and the Federated States of Micronesia. The capital Ngerulmud is located in Melekeok State on the nearby island of Babeldaob.

The country was originally settled around 3,000 years ago by migrants from the Philippines and sustained a Negritopopulation until around 900 years ago. HP Pavilion dv6-3163eo CPU Fan

The islands were first visited by Europeans in the 18th century, and were made part of the Spanish East Indies in 1885. Following Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War in 1898, the islands were sold to Imperial Germany in 1899 under the terms of the German–Spanish Treaty, where they were administered as part of German New Guinea. HP Pavilion dv9740us CPU Fan

The Imperial Japanese Navy conquered Palau during World War I, and the islands were later made a part of the Japanese-ruled South Pacific Mandate by the League of Nations. During World War II, skirmishes, including the major Battle of Peleliu, were fought between American and Japanese troops as part of the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign. HP COMPAQ NX9420 CPU Fan

Along with other Pacific Islands, Palau was made a part of the United States-governed Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands in 1947. Having voted against joining the Federated States of Micronesia in 1979, the islands gained full sovereignty in 1994 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. HP Pavilion dv7-4150ec CPU Fan

Politically, Palau is a presidential republic in free association with the United States, which provides defense, funding, and access to social services. Legislative power is concentrated in the bicameral Palau National Congress.Palau's economy is based mainly on tourism, subsistence agriculture and fishing, HP Pavilion dv5-1102tu CPU Fan

with a significant portion ofGross National Product (GNP) derived from foreign aid. The country uses the United States dollar as its currency. The islands' culture mixes Japanese, Micronesian and Melanesian elements. The majority of citizens are of mixed Micronesian, Melanesian, and Austronesian descent, with significant groups descended from Japanese and Filipinosettlers. SONY VGN-SZ220 CPU Fan

The country's two official languages are Palauan (member of the wider Sunda–Sulawesi language group) andEnglish, with Japanese, Sonsorolese, and Tobian recognised as regional languages.

The name for the islands in the Palauan language, Belau, likely derives from either the Palauan word for "village",beluu,[5] or from aibebelau ("indirect replies"), relating to a creation myth.[6] HP Pavilion dv7-6011tx CPU Fan

The name "Palau" entered theEnglish language from the Spanish Los Palaos, via the German Palau. An archaic name for the islands in English was the "Pelew Islands".

Palau was originally settled between the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC, most likely from the Philippines orIndonesia.[8] HP Pavilion dv5-1040eb CPU Fan

The islands sustained a population of short-statured Negrito or Pygmy people until the 12th century, when they were replaced.The modern population, judging by its language, may have come from the Sunda Islands.

Sonsorol, part of the Southwest Islands, an island chain approximately 600 kilometres (370 mi) from the main island chain of Palau, ASUS F3Jv CPU Fan

was sighted by Europeans as early as 1522, when the Trinidad, the flagship of Ferdinand Magellan's voyage of circumnavigation, sighted two small islands around the 5th parallel north, naming them "San Juan".[9]

British traders became prominent visitors in the 18th century, followed by expanding Spanish influence in the 19th century. IBM ThinkPad R50p 2887 CPU Fan

Following its defeat in the Spanish-American War, Spain sold Palau and most of the rest of the Caroline Islands to Germany in 1899. Control passed to Japan in 1914 and during World War II the islands were taken by the United States in 1944, with the costly Battle of Peleliu between 15 September and 25 November when more than 2,000 Americans and 10,000 Japanese were killed. SONY VGN-CS36GJ/R CPU Fan

The islands passed formally to the United States under United Nations auspices in 1947 as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

Four of the Trust Territory districts formed a single federated Micronesian state in 1979, but the districts of Palau and the Marshall Islands declined to participate. Toshiba Satellite A215-S4807 CPU Fan

Palau, the westernmost cluster of the Carolines, instead opted for independent status in 1978. It approved a new constitution and became the Republic of Palau in 1981.[10] It signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States in 1982. After eight referenda and an amendment to the Palauan constitution, the Compact was ratified in 1993. Toshiba Satellite Pro M10-SP405 CPU Fan

The Compact went into effect on 1 October 1994,[11] marking Palau de jure independent, although it had been de facto independent since 25 May 1994, when the trusteeship ended.

Legislation making Palau an "offshore" financial center was passed by the Senate in 1998. In 2001, Palau passed its first bank regulation and anti-money laundering laws. HP Pavilion dv4-1120us CPU Fan

Palau is a multi-party democratic republic. The President of Palau is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the Palau National Congress. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The capital is Ngerulmud. Palau adopted its own constitution in 1981. Compaq Presario C550EM CPU Fan

The governments of the United States and Palau concluded a Compact of Free Association in 1986, similar to compacts that the United States had entered into with the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands.[12] The compact entered into force on 1 October 1994, Toshiba Qosmio E15-AV101 CPU Fan

concluding Palau's transition from trusteeship to independence[12] as the last portion of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands to secure its independence.

The Compact of Free Association between the United States and Palau[13] sets forth the free and voluntary association of their governments. Toshiba Satellite L645D-S4056 CPU Fan

It primarily focuses on the issues of government, economic, security and defense relations.[14] Palau has no independent military, relying on the United States for its defense. Under the compact, the American military was granted access to the islands for 50 years. The US Navy role is minimal, limited to a handful of Navy Seabees(construction engineers.) Toshiba Satellite A305-S6837 CPU Fan

The United States Coast Guard patrols in national waters.

As a sovereign nation, Palau conducts its own foreign relations.[12] Since independence, Palau has established diplomatic relations with a number of nations, including many of its Pacific neighbors. Palau was admitted to the United Nations on 15 December 1994 and has since joined several other international organizations. HP Pavilion dv7-4087cl CPU Fan

In September 2006, Palau hosted the first Taiwan-Pacific Allies Summit. Its President has made official visits to other Pacific countries, including the Taiwan.

The United States maintains a diplomatic delegation and an embassy in Palau, but most aspects of the countries' relationship have to do with Compact-funded projects, HP Pavilion dv5-1118es CPU Fan

which are the responsibility of the U.S. Department of the Interior's Office of Insular Affairs.[15] This has led to some ambiguity in the official status of Palau.

Since 2004, Palau has joined the United States and Israel as the only nations voting consistently against an annual U.N. resolution condemning the United States embargo against Toshiba Satellite A665-S6050 CPU Fan

Cuba which has been in place since 1962. In international politics, Palau often votes with the United States with respect to United Nations General Assembly resolutions.[16]

Palau is a member of the Parties to the Nauru Agreement.

In 1981, Palau voted for the world's first nuclear-free constitution. This constitution banned the use, storage and disposal of nuclear, toxic chemical, gas andbiological weapons without first being approved by a 3/4 majority in a referendum.[18] HP Pavilion G72-259WM CPU Fan

This ban delayed Palau's transition to independence, because while negotiating the Compact, the U.S. insisted on the option to operate nuclear propelled vessels and store nuclear weapons within the territory.[19] After several referendums that failed to achieve a 3/4 majority, the people of Palau finally approved the Compact in 1994. HP Pavilion dv6-3109ca  CPU  Fan

On 10 June 2009, Palau announced that it would accept up to all 17 of the remaining Uyghurs detained in Guantanamo "as a humanitarian gesture”. Five Uyghur captives were released without being prosecuted in 2004 and transferred to Albania in 2006. The remaining seventeen were released due to lack of evidence in 2008.[ HP Pavilion dv6782eg CPU Fan

Stuart Beck, Palau's representative to the United Nations, published an op-ed in the New York Times disputing the widely distributed report that Palau's agreement to accept the Uyghurs was tied to Palau's receipt of US$200 million in foreign aid.Beck asserted that Palau had received funds from the USA connected with accepting the Uyghurs, but it was $90,000 per Uyghur, not "$12 million". SONY UDQF2PH52CF0 CPU Fan

Beck asserted that the $90,000 was to compensate Palau for its "relocation costs" and was "to cover transportation, food, housing and medical help until the men can get oriented and get jobs"ABC Newsconfirmed that the United States would be paying Palau for each captive who was resettled and quoted a senior official who described the amount as "not very substantial".Toshiba UDQFRPH33CCM CPU Fan

"The detainee transfer deal comes at a time when generous U.S. financial aid and economic development grants to Palau under a 15 year old treaty of free association between the two nations have expired. Palauan leaders apparently wanted to demonstrate their commitment to sharing mutual interests and burdens with the U.S., as they make the case for renewal of U.S. grant assistance. Toshiba Satellite A505-S6980 CPU Fan\

However, Cleary also described the assertions that the captive resettlement was a straight quid pro quo as "misleading".[30]

He listed the USA's desire to continue to be able to base U.S. military personnel on Palau, to balance the growing military force of the People's Republic of China, as one complicating factor. HP Pavilion dv7-2025es CPU Fan

He also listed Palau's desire for an exemption from proposed restrictions on immigration from former protectorates like Palau.An official "technical working group" from Palau traveled to Guantanamo to meet with the Uyghurs in mid-June 2009.On 23 June, the Palau government published a press release which said only eight of the thirteen Uyghurs agreed to meet with the delegation.TOSHIBA Satellite L300 CPU Fan

Their report stated: "The team advised President Toribiong that in their opinion only a few of the detainees that were interviewed had any real interest in being relocated to Palau." On 30 June, Radio New Zealand International reported only one Uyghur agreed to be temporarily resettled in Palau.[33] On 10 September, HP G62-a10EJ CPU Fan

The Times reported that three of the Uyghurs have accepted the invitation to be transferred to asylum in Palau.[34] On 19 September, Fox News reported that in the week since the first announcement three further Uyghurs agreed to be transferred to Palau.[35] Fox reported that five of the other Uyghurs had refused to speak with Palau officials. Dell MF60100V1-Q000-G99 CPU Fan

On 31 October, six Uyghurs were reported to have been transferred to Palau. Twelve of the thirteen remaining Uyghurs were offered asylum. The thirteenth man was not offered asylum because his mental health had deteriorated beyond the nation's mental health resources to care for him.

The United States agreed to give Palau additional aid in January 2010.[41] DELL R859C CPU Fan

Palau had rejected an earlier aid package of US$156 million. The new aid package was for US$250 million. President Toribiong asserted that the increase in aid was unrelated to Palau agreement to host the Uyghurs.

Palau's most populous islands are Angaur, Babeldaob, Koror and Peleliu. Toshiba Satellite A105-S2101 CPU Fan

The latter three lie together within the same barrier reef, while Angaur is an oceanic island several miles to the south. About two-thirds of the population live on Koror. Thecoral atoll of Kayangel is north of these islands, while the uninhabited Rock Islands (about 200) are west of the main island group. SONY Vaio VGN-FW140E CPU Fan

A remote group of six islands, known as the Southwest Islands, some 375 miles (604 km) from the main islands, make up the states of Hatohobei and Sonsorol.

Palau has a tropical climate with an annual mean temperature of 82 °F (28 °C). Rainfall is heavy throughout the year, averaging 150 inches (3,800 mm). ACER Aspire 5730Z CPU Fan

The average humidity is 82% and although rain falls more frequently between July and October, there is still much sunshine. Typhoons are rare, as Palau is outside the main typhoon zone.

While much of Palau remains free of environmental degradation, areas of concern include illegal dynamite fishing, inadequate solid waste disposal facilities in Koror and extensive sand and coral dredging in the Palau lagoon. SONY Vaio VPC-EB4S1E/WI CPU Fan

As with other Pacific island nations, rising sea level presents a major environmental threat. Inundation of low-lying areas threatens coastal vegetation, agriculture and already-insufficient water supply. Wastewatertreatment is a problem, along with the handling of toxic waste from fertilizers and biocides. HP Pavilion dv9580ed CPU Fan

Saltwater crocodiles are also residents of Palau and occur in varying numbers throughout the various mangroves and even in parts of the beautiful rock islands. Although this species is generally considered extremely dangerous, there has only been one fatal human attack in Palau within modern history, and that was in the 1960s. Toshiba Satellite L305D-S5934 CPU Fan

In Palau the largest crocodile measured in at 4.5 metres (15 ft). The nation is also vulnerable to earthquakes, volcanic activity, and tropical storms. Palau already has a problem with inadequate water supply and limited agricultural areas to support its population.

On 5 November 2005, President Tommy E. Remengesau Jr. took the lead on a regional environmental initiative called the Micronesia challenge, SONY Vaio VGN-CR31S/P CPU Fan

which would conserve 30% of near shore coastal waters and 20% of forest land by 2020. Following Palau, the initiative was joined by the Federated States of Micronesia and Marshall Islands, and theU.S. territories of Guam and Northern Mariana Islands. Together, this combined region represents nearly 5% of the marine area of the Pacific Ocean and 7% of its coastline. HP Pavilion dv5-1210et CPU Fan

On 25 September 2009, Palau announced that it would create the world's first shark sanctuary.[43] Palau banned all commercial shark fishing within its EEZ waters. The sanctuary protects about 600,000 square kilometres (230,000 sq mi) of ocean, a similar size to France.President Johnson Toribiong announced the sanctuary at a meeting of the United Nations. SONY Vaio VGN-FW465J/B CPU Fan

Palau's economy consists primarily of tourism, subsistence agriculture and fishing. Tourist activity focuses on scuba divingand snorkeling in the islands' rich marine environment, including its barrier reefs walls and World War II wrecks. The government is the major employer, relying heavily on US financial assistance. HP Envy 15 CPU Fan

Business and tourist arrivals numbered some 50,000 in financial year 2000/2001. The population enjoys a per capita income twice that of Micronesia as a whole. Long-term prospects for the key tourist sector have been greatly bolstered by the expansion of air travel in the Pacific, the rising prosperity of leading East Asian countries and the willingness of foreigners to finance infrastructure development. HP Pavilion dv7-1190er CPU Fan

Air service has remained spotty. Palau Micronesia Air, Asian Spirit and Pacific Flier provided service to the Philippines and other destinations at various times during the 2000s, but all suspended service.[51]

In November 2006, Palau Saving Bank officially announced bankruptcy. On 13 December of the same year the Palau Horizonreported that 641 depositors had been affected. Toshiba Satellite A105-S4074 CPU Fan

Among them 398 held less than $5000 USD, with the remainder ranging from $5000 to 2 million USD. On 12 December 79 affected people received compensation. Mr. Toribiong said, "The fund for the payout came from the balance of Palau government's loan from Taiwan." From a total of $1 million USD, which originally was for assisting Palau's development,  IBM MCF-208AM05-1 CPU Fan

$955,000 USD was left at the time of bankruptcy. Toribiong requested the Taiwanese government use the balance to repay its loans. Taiwan agreed to the request. The compensation would include those who held less than $4,000 USD in an account.[52]

President Toribiong proposed a worldwide ban on fishing for sharks.[45] IBM MCF-217PAM05 CPU Fan

In 2012, Palau received the Future Policy Award from World Future Council, because "Palau is a global leader in protecting marine ecosystems".

The population of Palau is approximately 21,000, of whom 70% are native Palauans of mixedMelanesian, Micronesian, and Austronesian descent.  HP GB0507PGV1-A CPU Fan

Many Palauans also have some Asian ancestry, from intermarriage between settlers and Palauans beginning in the 19th and 20th centuries. Palauans with mixed Japanese ancestry accounted for the largest group. Some also had some Chineseor Korean ancestry. Filipinos form the second largest ethnic group. IBM MCF-217PAM05 CPU Fan

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The official languages of Palau are Palauan and English, except for two states (Sonsorol and Hatohobei) where the local language, along with Palauan, is official. Japanese is spoken widely amongst older Palauans and is an official language in the State of Angaur.[53][54] Tagalog is not official in Palau, but is the fourth-largest spoken language. HP Pavilion tx2510us  CPU  Fan

The German and Japanese occupations of Palau both subsidized missionaries to follow the Spanish. Three quarters of the population are Christians (mainly Roman Catholics and Protestants), while Modekngei (a combination of Christianity, traditional Palauan religion and fortune telling) and the ancient Palauan religion are commonly observed. HP G62-b55EV CPU Fan

Japanese rule brought Mahayana Buddhism and Shinto to Palau, which were the majority religions among Japanese settlers. However, following Japan's World War II defeat, the remaining Japanese largely converted to Christianity, while the remainder continued to observe Buddhism, but stopped practicing Shinto rites.[55] HP Pavilion dv6-2145sf CPU Fan

According to the 2005 census[56] 49.4% of the population is Roman Catholic, 21.3% Protestant, 8.7% Modekngei and 5.3% Seventh-day Adventist. Only 1% of the population was estimated to be Buddhist in 2010, with the Chinese community also practicing Chinese folk religion as well.[57] The small Jewish community in 2009 sent 3 members to the 18th Maccabiah Games.HP Pavilion dv7-1120ew CPU Fan

A branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints holds services in Kororand operates a Family History Center there. There are also approximately 400 Bengali Muslims in Palau.

Palauan society, much like the island's language, has always been unique to the islands. Palauan society follows a very strict matrilineal system. HP 538340-001 CPU Fan

Matrilineal practices are seen in nearly every aspect of Palauan traditions, especially in funeral, marriage, inheritance and the passing of traditional titles.

The cuisine includes local foods such as cassava, taro, yam, potato, fish and pork. Western cuisine is favored among young Palauans and the locals are joined by foreign tourists. HP 535766-001 CPU Fan

Restaurants on the main island of Koror consist mainly of Korean food, as well as Chinese, burgers, pizza and pasta. Indigenous cuisine consists mainly of root vegetables, fish, pigs and chicken. The rest of Micronesia is similar with much less tourism, leading to fewer restaurants. HP 535442-001 CPU Fan

Tourists eat mainly at their hotels on such islands. Some local foods include an alcoholic drink made from coconut on the tree; the drink made from the roots of the kava; and the chewing of betel nuts. The Filipino presence in the islands supports the presence of that cuisine.

The Palauan people respect their traditions. HP 535441-001 CPU Fan

The traditional government system still influences the nation's affairs, leading the federal government to repeatedly attempt to limit its power. Many of these attempts took the form of amendments to the constitution that were supported by the corporate sector to protect what they deemed should be free economic zones. HP 535439-001 CPU Fan

One such example occurred in early 2010, where the Idid clan, the ruling clan of the Southern Federation, under the leadership of Bilung, the Southern Federation's queen, raised a civil suit against the Koror State Public Lands Authority (KSPLA). The Idid clan laid claim over Malakal Island, a major economic zone and Palau's most important port, citing documents from the German Era.HP 535438-001 CPU Fan

The verdict held that the Island belonged to the KSPLA.

The present day "traditional" government of Palau is a continuation of its ancestor, composed of practices that span thousands of years. Traditionally, Palau was organized hierarchically. The lowest level is the village or hamlet, then the chiefdom (now politically referred to as a state) and finally alliances of chiefdoms. HP 533736-001 CPU Fan

In ancient times, numerous federations divided power, but upon the 17th century introduction of firearms by the British, an imbalance of power occurred. Palau became divided into northern and southern federations. The Northern Federation is headed by the high chief and chiefess of the ruling clan Uudes of Melekeok state, the Reklai and Ebilreklai. IBM 13R2760 CPU Fan

They are commonly referred to as the king and queen of the Northern Federation. This northern federation comprises the state of Kayangel, Ngerchelong, Ngardmau, Ngiwal, Ngaraard, Ngatpang, Ngeremlengui, Melekok, Aimeliik, Ngchesar and Airai. The Southern Federation is likewise represented by the high chief and chiefess of the ruling Idid of Koror state. ACER LU.S040A.067 CPU Fan

The Southern Federation comprises the states of Koror, Peleliu and Angaur. However, fewer and fewer Palauans have knowledge of the concept of federations, and the term is slowly dying out. Federations were established as a way of safeguarding states and hamlets who shared economic, ACER LU.S050B.078 CPU Fan

social, and political interests, but with the advent a federal government, safeguards are less meaningful. It is interesting to note however, that in international relations, the king of Palau is synonymous with the Ibedul of Koror. This is because Koror is the industrial capital of the nation, elevating his position over the Reklai of Melekeok. DELL Studio 1535 CPU Fan

It is a misconception that the king and queen of Palau, or any chief and his female counterpart for that matter are married. Traditional leaders and their female counterparts have always been related and unmarried (marrying relatives was a traditional taboo). Usually, a chief and his female counterpart are brother and sister, or close cousins, and have their own spouses. HP Pavilion dv6736nr CPU Fan

Palauan cuisine includes local foods such as cassava, taro, yam, potato, fish and pork. Western cuisine is favored among young Palauans.

Restaurants on the main island of Koror consist mainly of Korean food, as well as Chinese, burgers, pizza, pasta, etc. Indigenous cuisine consists mainly of root vegetables, fish, pigs and chicken. HP Envy 15-1050ca CPU Fan

The rest of Micronesia has a similar cuisine except that the rest of Micronesia has less tourism and fewer restaurants. Tourists eat mainly at their hotels on less visited islands. Some local foods include an alcoholic drink made from coconut on the tree, the drink made from the roots of the Kava Plant, and the chewing of betel nuts. HP Pavilion dv7-6100et CPU Fan

Palau International Airport provides scheduled direct flights to Guam, Manila, Seoul and Taipei and since December 2010, Tokyo-Narita. In addition, the states of Angaur and Peleliu have regular service to international destinations.

Freight, military and cruise ships often call at Malakal Harbor, on Malakal Island outside Koror. The country has no railways, and of the 61 km or 38 mi of highways, only 36 km or 22 mi are paved. Driving is on the right and the speed limit is 40 km/h (25 mph).APPLE 661-4951 CPU Fan

Taxis are available in Koror. They are not metered and fares are negotiable. Only Koror offers bus service. Transportation between islands mostly relies on private boats and domestic air services.

Palau was initially settled over 3,000 years ago, and perhaps 4,500 years ago, probably by migrants from the Philippines. British traders became prominent visitors in the 18th century, IBM 42W2403 CPU Fan

followed by expanding Spanish influence in the 19th century. Following its defeat in the Spanish-American War, Spain sold Palau and most of the rest of the Caroline Islands to Germany in 1899. Control passed to Japan in 1914 and during World War II the islands were taken by the United States in 1944, ACER Aspire 9304WSMi CPU Fan

with the costly Battle of Peleliu between September 15 and November 25 with more than 2,000 Americans and 10,000 Japanese killed. The islands passed formally to the United States under United Nations auspices in 1947 as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. HP 610773-001 CPU Fan

Four of the Trust Territory districts formed a single federated Micronesian state in 1979, but the districts of Palau and the Marshall Islands declined to participate. Palau, the westernmost cluster of the Caroline Islands, instead opted for independent status in 1978, approved a new constitution and became the Republic of Palau in 1981, IBM ThinkPad R50p 1830 CPU Fan

and signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States in 1982. After eight referendums and an amendment to the Palauan constitution, the Compact was ratified in 1993 and went into effect on October 1, 1994, marking Palau independent de jure (after Palau was independent de factosince May 25, 1994, when the trusteeship cancelled). IBM ThinkPad T61 8898 CPU Fan

Legislation making Palau an "offshore" financial center was passed by the Senate in 1998. In 2001, Palau passed its first bank regulation and anti-money laundering laws.

The Palauan language is an outlier among the Austronesian languages, and so does not shed much light on the origins of the modern population. IBM ThinkPad R50p 2889 CPU Fan

However, there are some indications that it may derive from the Sunda Islands (modern Indonesia).

For thousands of years, Palauans have had a well established matrilineal society, believed to have descended from Javanese precedents.Traditionally land, money, and titles passed through the female line. IBM ThinkPad R50p 1830 CPU Fan

Clan lands continue to be passed through titled women and first daughters[2] but there is also a modern patrilineal sentiment introduced by imperial Japan. The Japanese government attempted to confiscate and redistribute tribal land into personal ownership during World War II, and there has been little attempt to restore the old order. IBM ThinkPad R50 1829 CPU Fan

Legal entanglements continue amongst the various clans.

Historians take note of the early navigational routes of European explorers in the Pacific. There is disagreement as to whether Spaniard Ruy López de Villalobos, who landed in several Caroline Islands, spotted the Palau archipelago in 1543. IBM ThinkPad R50P CPU Fan

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No conclusive evidence exists, but some believe he could have seen the tip of a southernmost island in the group.Palau had limited relations before the 18th century, mainly with Yap and Java. Had it not been for shipwrecked islanders who took refuge in the Philippines, Europeans likely would not have found Palau until much later. Compaq Presario CQ41-206TU CPU Fan

EnglishmanHenry Wilson, captain of the East India Company's packet Antelope, was shipwrecked off the island of Ulong in 1783. The King of Palau allowed Captain Wilson to take his son, Prince Lee Boo, to England, where he arrived in 1784. However, the prince died soon after of smallpox. The East India Company erected a monument over his grave in St Mary's Churchyard, Rotherhithe.  SONY Vaio VPC-EB4X1E/BQ CPU Fan

It was Wilson who gave the archipelago the name "Pelew Islands".

In the late 19th century, possession of the islands was claimed by Britain, Spain, and Imperial Germany. In 1885, the matter was brought to Pope Leo XIII for a decision. The Pope recognized the Spanish claim, but granted economic concessions to Britain and Germany. HP G62-374CA CPU Fan

Palau then became part of the Spanish East Indies, along with the Mariana Islands, the Marshall Islands. and the rest of theCaroline Islands. They were all administered from the Philippines.

Under the Spanish administration, Palau underwent its first forms of extreme foreign influence. Catholicism is the most highlighted amongst all these forms, HP Pavilion dv5-1203eg CPU Fan

having been introduced to the native population and accepted rather easily, despite the fact that Palauans were ardent followers of their traditional faith. Elements from the Spanish language were also integrated into the Palauan lexicon; the Palauan word for hammer, "martiliong", is derived from the Spanish "martillo". HP Pavilion dv7-3131ez CPU Fan

Even with these forms of influence, Palau has predominantly very little influence from the Spanish occupation compared to other islands within the region, such as Guam. This is partly due to the reason that, aside from Spanish Jesuit missionaries, Spain had very little economic and colonization activity on the islands. Dell Vostro 3450 CPU Fan

After being defeated in 1898 in the Spanish-American War and losing possession of the Philippine Islands, Spain sold the Palau archipelago to Imperial Germany in the 1899 German-Spanish Treaty.

Palau was administered from German New Guinea, and a period of economic development began. SONY Vaio VGN-CR23/N CPU Fan

German engineers began exploiting the islands' deposits of bauxite and phosphate, and a rich harvest in copra was made.

Although the German occupation had lasted a mere 15 years, major changes in Palauan society had occurred. Many traditional practices among the natives had been outlawed by German administrators, specifically the acts of tattooing and mengolHP Pavilion dv6-3043tx CPU Fan

Tattooing had been a practice reserved for members of higher castes, and the Spanish had tried on numerous occasions to banish the practice. Unlike the Spanish, the Germans had a major foothold on the local traditional government, given the economic benefits many clan heads were gaining. The art of tattooing was banished completely by the late 19th century, and the last tattooed native died in the early 1960s. HP Pavilion dv6-3163eo CPU Fan

The practice of mengol is one very unique to the islands, and one that was greatly discouraged by all foreign administrations. In mengol young unmarried women from one village are sent to male clubhouses in another or other villages, whether enemy or ally, as a sign of peace or friendship. HP Pavilion dv7-1003eo CPU Fan

The actions of these mengol ranged from simple companionship of the men of the clubhouse, much like the Japanese geisha, to sexual favors. However, the mengol were not prostitutes, as even the unmarried daughters of clan heads could be sent off as mengol.

Under the terms of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, the Empire of Japan declared war on the German Empire in 1914 and invaded German overseas territories in the Pacific Ocean. Dell Vostro 3450 CPU Fan

Palau was seized by ships of the Japanese navy. After the war, the League of Nations awarded Palau to Japan as a Class C League of Nations Mandate.[5]

Japan incorporated the islands as an integral part of its empire, establishing the Nanyo-cho government with Koror Island as the capital.[6]  HP Pavilion dv7-3067nr CPU Fan

From 1914 to 1922, the Japanese Imperial Navy had been in control. Civilian control was introduced from 1922, and Palau was one of six administrative districts within the Mandate. Japan mounted an aggressiveeconomic development program and promoted large scale immigration by Japanese, Okinawans and Koreans. SONY Vaio VGN-CR23/N CPU Fan

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