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Rice University William Marsh Rice University, commonly referred to as Rice University or Rice, is a private research universitylocated on a 295-acre (1.19 km2) campus in Houston, Texas, United States. The university is situated near the Houston Museum District and adjacent to the Texas Medical Center. SONY VAIO VPCF12AFM Laptop Keyboard Opened in 1912 after the murder of its namesake William Marsh Rice, Rice is now a preeminent research university with a distinct undergraduate and graduate focus. Its emphasis on education is demonstrated by a small student body and 5:1 student-faculty ratio, among the lowest in the top American universities including the Ivy League.[7] Rice alumni are prominent in every sector of society today. The university has produced 101 Fulbright Scholars, 10 Truman Scholars, 24Marshall Scholars, and 12 Rhodes Scholars.[8][9]SONY VAIO VPCF126FM Laptop Keyboard The university has a very high level of research activity for its size, with $115.3 million in sponsored research funding in 2011.[10] Rice is noted for its applied science programs in the fields of artificial heart research, structural chemical analysis, signal processing, space science, and nanotechnology. It was ranked first in the world in materials science research by the Times Higher Education (THE) in 2010.[11]SONY VAIO VPCF123FX/H Laptop Keyboard The university is organized into eleven residential colleges and eight schools of academic study, including the Wiess School of Natural Sciences, the George R. Brown School of Engineering, the School of Social Sciences, and the School of Humanities. Graduate programs are offered through the Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Business, School of Architecture,Shepherd School of Music, and Susanne M. Glasscock School of Continuing Studies.[12][13][14] Rice students are bound by the strict Honor Code, which is enforced by a uniquely student-run Honor Council.[15]SONY VAIO VPCF1290X Laptop Keyboard Rice competes in 14 NCAA Division I varsity sports and is a part of Conference USA, often competing with its cross-town rival the University of Houston. Intramural and club sports are offered in a wide variety of activities such as Jiu Jitsu,water polo, and crew. Rice athletes include Lance Berkman, Harold Solomon, Bubba Crosby, along with three Olympians. SONY VAIO VPCF12AFM Laptop Keyboard The history of Rice University began with the untimely demise of Massachusetts businessman William Marsh Rice. Rice made his fortune in real estate, railroad development and cotton trading in the state of Texas. In 1891, Rice decided to charter a free-tuition educational institute in Houston, bearing his name, to be created upon his death, earmarking most of his estate towards funding the project. Rice's will specified the institution was to be a "a competitive institution of the highest grade" and that only white students would be permitted to attend.[16] HP Mini 110-3018cl Laptop Keyboard On the morning of September 23, 1900, Rice was found dead by his valet, and presumed to have died in his sleep. Shortly thereafter, a suspiciously large check made out to Rice's New York City lawyer, signed by the late Rice, was noticed by a bank teller due to a misspelling in the recipient's name. The lawyer, Albert T. Patrick, then announced that Rice had changed his will to leave the bulk of his fortune to Patrick, rather than to the creation of Rice's educational institute. SAMSUNG R45 Laptop Keyboard A subsequent investigation led by the District Attorney of New York resulted in the arrests of Patrick and of Rice's butler and valet Charles F. Jones, who had been persuaded to administer chloroform to Rice while he slept. Rice's friend and personal lawyer in Houston, James A. Baker, Sr., aided in the discovery of what turned out to be a fake will with a forged signature. Jones was not prosecuted since he cooperated with the district attorney, HP Mini 311-1002TU Laptop Keyboard and testified against Patrick. Patrick was found guilty of conspiring to steal Rice's fortune and convicted of murder in 1901, although he was pardoned in 1912 due to conflicting medical testimony.[17]Baker helped Rice's estate direct the fortune, worth $4.6 million in 1904 ($119 million today), towards the founding of what was to be called the Rice Institute. The Board took control of the assets on April 29 of that year. ACER Aspire 5315 Laptop Keyboard In 1907, the Board of Trustees selected the head of the Department of Mathematics and Astronomy at Princeton University, Edgar Odell Lovett, to head the Institute, which was still in the planning stages. He came recommended by Princeton's president, Woodrow Wilson. In 1908, Lovett accepted the challenge, and was formally inaugurated as the Institute's first president on October 12, 1912. Lovett undertook extensive research before formalizing plans for the new Institute, including visits to 78 institutions of higher learning across the world on a long tour between 1908 and 1909. HP Mini 110-3135dx Laptop Keyboard Lovett was impressed by such things as the aesthetic beauty of the uniformity of the architecture at the University of Pennsylvania, a theme which was adopted by the Institute, as well as the residential college system at Cambridge University in England, which was added to the Institute several decades later. Lovett called for the establishment of a university "of the highest grade," "an institution of liberal and technical learning" devoted "quite as much to investigation as to instruction." [We must] "keep the standards up and the numbers down," declared Lovett. "The most distinguished teachers must take their part in undergraduate teaching, and their spirit should dominate it all."  HP Pavilion DV7-3065dx Laptop Keyboard In 1911 the cornerstone was laid for the Institute's first building, the Administration Building, now known as Lovett Hall in honor of the founding president. On September 23, 1912, the anniversary of William Marsh Rice's murder, the William Marsh Rice Institute for the Advancement of Letters, Science, and Art began course work. 48 male and 29 female students were enrolled, paying no tuition, with classes taught by a dozen faculty. Unusually for the time, Rice accepted coeducational admissions. SAMSUNG NP-N150-JA01 Laptop Keyboard Three weeks after opening, a spectacular international academic festival was held in celebration, bringing Rice to the attention of the entire academic world. Four years later, at the first commencement ceremony, 35 bachelor's degrees and one master's degree were awarded. That year, the student body voted to adopt the Honor System, which still exists today. The first doctorate was conferred in 1918. TOSHIBA Satellite 1800-921 Laptop Keyboard During World War II, Rice Institute was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission.[18]SONY 147977821 Laptop Keyboard The Founder's Memorial Statue, a bronze statue of a seated William Marsh Rice, holding the original plans for the campus, was dedicated in 1930, and installed in the central academic quad, facing Lovett Hall. The statue was crafted by John Angel (sculptor).[19] The residential college system proposed by President Lovett was adopted in 1958, with the East Hall residence becoming Baker College, South Hall residence becoming Will Rice College, West Hall becoming Hanszen College, and the temporary Wiess Hall becoming Wiess College. Compaq Presario CQ42-450TU Laptop Keyboard In 1959, the Rice Institute Computer went online. 1960 saw Rice Institute formally renamed William Marsh Rice University. Rice acted as a temporary intermediary in the transfer of land between Humble Oil and Refining Company and NASA,[20] for the creation of NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center (now called Johnson Space Center) in 1962. SAMSUNG NP-N150-JA01 Laptop Keyboard President John F. Kennedy then made a speech[21] at Rice Stadium reiterating that the United States intended to reach the moon before the end of the decade of the 1960s, and "to become the world's leading space-faring nation". The relationship of NASA with Rice University and the city of Houston has remained strong to the present day. HP G71-347CL Laptop Keyboard The original charter of Rice Institute dictated that the university admit and educate, tuition-free, "the white inhabitants of Houston, and the state of Texas". In 1963, the governing board of Rice University filed a lawsuit to allow the university to modify its charter to admit students of all races and to charge tuition. In 1964, Rice officially amended the university charter to desegregate its graduate and undergraduate divisions.[22] The Trustees of Rice University prevailed in a lawsuit to void the racial language in the trust in 1966.[23] TOSHIBA 9J.N9082.001 Laptop Keyboard Rice began charging tuition for the first time in 1965. In the same year, Rice launched a $33 million ($243 million) development campaign. $43 million ($257 million) was raised by its conclusion in 1970. In 1974, two new schools were founded at Rice, the Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Management and the Shepherd School of Music. The Brown Foundation Challenge, a fund-raising program designed to encourage annual gifts, was launched in 1976 and ended in 1996 having raised $185 million ($274 million). The Rice School of Social Sciences was founded in 1979. HP 381068-001 Laptop Keyboard On-campus housing was exclusively for men for the first forty years. Jones College was the first women's residence on the Rice campus, followed by Brown College. According to legend, the women's colleges were purposefully situated at the opposite end of campus from the existing men's colleges as a way of preserving campus propriety, which was greatly valued by Edgar Odell Lovett, who did not even allow benches to be installed on campus, fearing that they "might lead to co-fraternization of the sexes".[24] HP 640436-001 Laptop Keyboard The path linking the north colleges to the center of campus was given the tongue-in-cheek name of "Virgin's Walk". Individual colleges became coeducational between 1973 and 1987, with the single-sex floors of colleges that had them becoming co-ed by 2006. By then, several new residential colleges had been built on campus to handle the university's growth, including Lovett College, Sid Richardson College, and Martel College. HP 456624-001 Laptop Keyboard The Economic Summit of Industrialized Nations was held at Rice in 1990. In 1993, the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy was created. In 1997, the Edythe Bates Old Grand Organ and Recital Hall and the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology, renamed in 2005 for the late Nobel Prize winner and Rice professor Richard E. Smalley, were dedicated at Rice. In 1999, the Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology was created. The Rice Owls baseball team was ranked #1 in the nation for the first time in that year (1999), holding the top spot for eight weeks. HP Pavilion dv6-2046ez Laptop Keyboard In 2003, the Owls won their first national championship in baseball, which was the first for the university in any team sport, beating Southwest Missouri State in the opening game and then the University of Texas and Stanford University twice each en route to the title. In 2008, President David Leebron issued a ten point plan titled "Vision for the Second Century" outlining plans to increase research funding, strengthen existing programs, and increase collaboration.[25] HP 640436-001 Laptop Keyboard The plan has brought about another wave of campus constructions, including the erection the newly renamed Bioscience Research Collaborative[26] building (intended to foster collaboration with the adjacent Texas Medical Center), a new recreational center and renovated basketball stadium, and the addition of two new residential colleges, Duncan College and McMurtry College. HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee Laptop Keyboard Beginning in late 2008, the university considered a merger with Baylor College of Medicine, though the merger was ultimately rejected in 2010.[27] Select Rice undergraduates are currently guaranteed admission to Baylor College of Medicine upon graduation as part of the Rice/Baylor Medical Scholars program. According to History Professor John Boles' recent book University Builder: Edgar Odell Lovett and the Founding of the Rice Institute, the first president's original vision for the university included hopes for future medical and law schools. HP Pavilion dv6-3250us Laptop Keyboard Five streets demarcate the campus: Greenbriar Street, Rice Boulevard, Sunset Boulevard, Main Street, and University Boulevard. For most of its history, all of Rice's buildings have been contained within this "outer loop". In recent years, new facilities have been built close to campus, but the bulk of administrative, academic, and residential buildings are still located within the original pentagonal plot of land. The new Collaborative Research Center, all graduate student housing, the Greenbriar building, and the Wiess President's House are located off-campus.  HP Probook 4515S Laptop Keyboard Rice prides itself on the amount of green space available on campus; there are only about 50 buildings spread between the main entrance at its easternmost corner, and the parking lots and Rice Stadium at the West end. The Lynn R. Lowrey Arboretum, consisting of more than 4000 trees and shrubs (giving birth to the legend that Rice has a tree for every student), is spread throughout the campus. HP 535689-001 Laptop Keyboard The university's first president, Edgar Odell Lovett, intended for the campus to have a uniform architecture style to improve its aesthetic appeal. To that end, nearly every building on campus is noticeably Byzantine in style, with sand and pink-colored bricks, large archways and columns being a common theme among many campus buildings. Noteworthy exceptions include the glass-walled Brochstein Pavilion, Lovett College with its Brutalist-style concrete gratings, and the eclectic-Mediterranean Duncan Hall.  HP AELX9U00110 Laptop Keyboard Lovett Hall, named for Rice’s visionary first president, is the university’s most iconic campus building. Through its Sallyport arch, new students symbolically enter the university during matriculation and depart as graduates at commencement. Duncan Hall, Rice’s computational engineering building, was designed to encourage collaboration between the four different departments situated there. The building’s colorful Martel Foyer, drawn from many world cultures, was designed by the architect to symbolically express this collaborative purpose. TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard The campus is organized in a number of quadrangles. The Academic Quad, anchored by a statue of founder William Marsh Rice, includes Ralph Adams Cram's masterpiece, the asymmetrical Lovett Hall, the original administrative building; Fondren Library; Herzstein Hall, the original physics building and home to the largest amphitheater on campus; Sewall Hall for the social sciences and arts; Rayzor Hall for the languages; and Anderson Hall of the Architecture department. TOSHIBA Satellite C650-182 Laptop Keyboard The Humanities Building, winner of several architectural awards, is immediately adjacent to the main quad. Further west lies a quad surrounded by McNair Hall of the Jones Business School, the Baker Institute, and Alice Pratt Brown Hall of the Shepherd School of Music. These two quads are surrounded by the university's main access road, a one-way loop referred to as the "inner loop". In the Engineering Quad, a trinity of sculptures by Michael Heizer, collectively entitled 45 Degrees, 90 Degrees HP Pavilion dv6-3122sa Laptop CPU Cooling Fan , 180 Degrees, are flanked by Abercrombie Laboratory, the Cox Building, and the Mechanical Laboratory, housing the Electrical, Mechanical, and Earth Science/Civil Engineering departments, respectively. Duncan Hall is the latest addition to this quad, providing new offices for the Computer Science, Computational and Applied Math, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Statistics departments. HP Pavilion dv6-2110ea Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Roughly three-quarters of Rice's undergraduate population lives on campus. Housing is divided among eleven residential colleges, which form an integral part of student life at the University (see Residential colleges of Rice University). The colleges are named for university historical figures and benefactors, and while there is wide variation in their appearance, facilities, and dates of founding, are an important source of identity for Rice students, functioning as dining halls, HP Pavilion dv6-2015sg Laptop CPU Cooling Fan residence halls, sports teams, among other roles. Rice does not have or endorse a Greek system, with the residential college system taking its place. Five colleges, McMurtry, Duncan, Martel, Jones, and Brown are located on the north side of campus, across from the "South Colleges", Baker, Will Rice, Lovett, Hanszen, Sid Richardson, and Wiess, on the other side of the Academic Quadrangle. Of the eleven colleges, Baker is the oldest, originally built in 1912, and the twin Duncan and McMurtry colleges are the newest, and opened for the first time for the 2009-10 school year. Will Rice, Baker, and Lovett colleges are undergoing renovation to expand their dining facilities as well as the number of rooms available for students.  HP Pavilion dv7-2230es Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The on-campus football facility, Rice Stadium, opened in 1950 with a capacity of 70,000 seats. After improvements in 2006, the stadium is currently configured to seat 47,000 for football but can readily be reconfigured to its original capacity of 70,000, more than the total number of Rice alumni, living and deceased.[28] The stadium was the site of Super Bowl VIII and a speech byJohn F. Kennedy on September 12, 1962 in which he challenged the nation to send a man to the moon by the end of the decade.[29] TToshiba Satellite L500-1CQ Laptop CPU Cooling Fan he recently renovated Tudor Fieldhouse, formerly known as Autry Court, is home to the basketball and volleyball teams. Other stadia include the Rice Track/Soccer Stadium and the Jake Hess Tennis Stadium. A new Rec Center now houses the intramural sports offices and provide an outdoor pool, training and exercise facilities for all Rice students, while athletics training will solely be held at Tudor Fieldhouse and the Rice Football Stadium. ACER Aspire 5742G Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The university and Houston Independent School District jointly established The Rice School, a kindergarten through 8th grade public magnet school in Houston.[30] The school opened in August 1994. Through Cy-Fair ISD Rice University offers a credit course based summer school for grades 8 through 12. They also have skills based classes during the summer in the Rice Summer School.  Compaq Presario C737EL Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Organization Rice University is chartered as a non-profit organization and is owned and governed by a privately appointed board of trustees. The board consists of a maximum of 25 voting members who serve four-year terms and is currently chaired by James W. Crownover.[31] The trustees serve without compensation and a simple majority of trustees must reside in Texas, including at least 4 within the greater Houston area.[32] The board of trustees delegates its power by appointing a President to serve as the chief executive of the university. SONY Vaio VPC-EA290X Laptop CPU Cooling Fan David W. Leebron was appointed President in 2004 and succeeded Malcom Gillis who served since 1993. The provost, six vice presidents, and other university officials report to the President. The President is advised by a University Council composed of the Provost, eight members of the Faculty Council, two staff members, one graduate student, and two undergraduate students. The President presides over a Faculty Council which has the authority to alter curricular requirements, establish new degree programs, and approve candidates for degrees.[32] Rice University possesses an endowment of $4.1 billion (as of 2011). SONY Vaio VGN-NW228F/B Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rice's undergraduate students benefit from a centralized admissions process, which admits new students to the university as a whole, rather than a specific school (the schools of Music and Architecture are decentralized). Students are encouraged to select the major path that best suits their desires; a student can later decide that they would rather pursue study in another field, or continue their current coursework and add a second or third major. These transitions are designed to be simple at Rice, with students not required to decide on a specific major until their sophomore year of study. Toshiba Satellite L500-02H Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rice's academics are organized into six schools which offer courses of study at the graduate and undergraduate level, with two more being primarily focused on graduate education, while offering select opportunities for undergraduate students. Rice offers 360 degrees in over 60 departments. There are 40 undergraduate degree programs, 51 masters programs, and 29 doctoral programs.[12][13] HP G62-458TU Laptop CPU Cooling Fan  HP 634139-001 Laptop Keyboard Undergraduate tuition for the 2011-2012 school year is $34,900. $651 is charged for fees, and Rice projects an $800 budget for books and $1550 for personal expenses. Rice students are charged $12,270 for room and board. Per year, the total cost of a Rice University education is $50,171.[3] Faculty members of each of the departments elect chairs to represent the department to each School's dean and the deans report to the Provost who serves as the chief officer for academic affairs.[32]TOSHIBA Satellite A300 Laptop Keyboard Rice is a medium-sized, highly residential research university.[33] The majority of enrollments are in the full-time, four-year undergraduate program emphasizing arts & sciences and professions. There is a high graduate coexistence with the comprehensive graduate program and a very high level of research activity.[33] It is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools as well as the professional accreditation agencies for engineering, management, and architecture.[34]FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard Each of Rice's departments is organized into one of three distribution groups, and students whose major lies within the scope of one group must take at least 12 credit hours of approved distribution classes in each of the other two groups, as well as completing two physical education courses as part of the LPAP (Lifetime Physical Activity Program) requirement. For students who do not pass the university's writing test (administered during the summer before matriculation), a writing class, COMM 103, becomes a requirement. HP Envy 15 Laptop Keyboard The majority of Rice's undergraduate degree programs grant B.S. or B.A. degrees. Rice has recently begun to offer minors in areas such as business,[35] energy and water sustainability,[36] and global health.[37]TOSHIBA 6037b0026805 Laptop Keyboard tudent body Rice enrolled 3,001 undergraduates, 897 post-graduate, and 1,247 doctoral students and awarded 1,448 degrees in 2007.[3] Women make up 48% of the undergraduate body and 35% of the professional and post-graduate student body. 51% of undergraduates and 49% of post-graduates hail from Texas but the student body also represented all 50 states, the District of Columbia, two U.S. Territories, and 83 foreign countries.[3]HP 636376-001 Laptop Keyboard 15,133 applications for undergraduate admission were received for the class of 2016 (Fall 2012), 2,230 were admitted (16%), and 942 enrolled.[3] In the class of 2016, 82% of ranked freshmen graduated in the top 5% of their high school class, and the inter-quartile range forSAT was 650-750 for reading and 690-790 for math.[3] 97% of freshmen re-enrolled the subsequent year and 77% of students graduate in 4 years and 90% graduate in 6 years.[39]SONY VAIO VGN-FW180FU Laptop Keyboard With tuition of $33,120 for the 2010-2011 school year, Rice awarded $55.8 million in financial aid and 2,139 (71.2%) of undergraduates received some sort of aid.[3] On my honor, I have neither given nor received any unauthorized aid on this (examination, quiz or paper). SONY VAIO VGN-AW170YIQ Laptop Keyboard The Rice Honor Code plays a central role in academic affairs. Almost all Rice exams are unproctored and professors give timed, closed-book exams that students take home and complete at their own convenience. Potential infractions are reported to the student Honor Council, elected by popular vote. The penalty structure is established every year by Council consensus; typically, penalties have ranged from a letter of reprimand to an 'F' in the course and a two semester suspension.[40] HP G71t-300 CTO Laptop Keyboard During Orientation Week, students must take and pass a test demonstrating that they understand the Honor System's requirements and sign a Matriculation Pledge. On assignments, students affirm their commitment to the Honor Code by writing On my honor, I have neither given nor received any unauthorized aid on this (examination, quiz or paper).[15]ACER Aspire 5315 Laptop Keyboard In 2012 Rice was ranked 17th among national universities by U.S. News & World Report.[7] In 2012, USNWR ranked the Jones Graduate School of Management 25th. The Brown School of Engineering was ranked 34th in 2011 by USNWR.[59][60] In 2010, Rice was ranked 47th in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and 99th internationally (54th nationally) by the Academic Ranking of World Universities.[61][62] Rice University was ranked 115th in 2011 by QS World University Rankings.[63]SONY VGN-FE11H Laptop Keyboard Forbes Magazine ranked Rice University 25th nationally among both liberal arts colleges and universities in 2010.[64] The Princeton Review ranked Rice 1st for "Best Quality of Life" and "Happiest Students" in its 2012 edition[65] and one of the top 50 best value private colleges in its 2011 edition.[66] Rice was ranked 25th among national universities by The Washington Monthly in 2010,[67] and 41st among research universities by the Center for Measuring University Performance in 2007.[68] In 2011, for the fourth year in a row, HP Pavilion DV3500 Laptop Keyboard Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine has ranked Rice 4th for best value in private colleges.[69] Consumer's Digest ranked Rice 3rd on the list of top 5 values in private colleges in its June 2011 issue.[70] Fiske Guide to Colleges ranked Rice as one of the top 25 private "best buy" schools in its 2012 edition.[71] In 2011 the Leiden Ranking, which measures the performance of 500 major research universities worldwide, using metrics designed to measure research impact ranked Rice 4th Globally, for effectiveness and contribution of research.[72][73][74]HP Pavilion DV3505xx Laptop Keyboard Situated on nearly 300 acres (1.2 km2) in the heart of Houston’s Museum District and across the street from the city’s Hermann Park, Rice is a green and leafy refuge – an oasis of learning convenient to the amenities of the nation’s fourth-largest city. Rice's campus adjoins Hermann Park, the Texas Medical Center, and a neighborhood commercial center called Rice Village. Hermann Park includes the Houston Museum of Natural Science, the Houston Zoo, Miller Outdoor Theatre and an 18-hole municipal golf course. TOSHIBA NSK-TK001 Laptop Keyboard Reliant Park, home of Reliant Stadium and the Astrodome, is two miles (3 km) south of the campus. Among the dozen or so museums in the Museum District is the Rice University Art Gallery, open during the school year. Easy access to downtown's theater and nightlife district and to Reliant Park is provided by the Houston METRORail system, with a station adjacent to the campus's main gate. The campus recently joined the Zipcar program with two vehicles to increase the transportation options for students and staff that need that currently don't utilize a vehicle.[75]IBM ThinkPad T42 2379 Laptop Keyboard Although each college is composed of a full cross-section of students at Rice, they have over time developed their own traditions and "personalities". When students matriculate they are randomly assigned to one of the eleven colleges, although "legacy" exceptions are made for students whose siblings or other close relatives have attended Rice. Students generally remain members of the college that they are assigned to for the duration of their undergraduate careers,  GATEWAY MT3705 Laptop Keyboard even if they move off-campus at any point. Students are guaranteed on-campus housing for freshman year and two of the next three years; each college has its own system for determining allocation of the remaining spaces, collectively known as "Room Jacking". Students develop strong loyalties to their college and maintain friendly rivalry with other colleges, DELL KR737 Laptop Keyboard especially during events such as Beer Bike Race and O-Week. Colleges keep their rivalries alive by performing "jacks," or pranks, on each other, especially during O-Week and Willy Week. During Matriculation, Commencement, and other formal academic ceremonies, the colleges process in the order in which they were established. HP Pavilion DV3550ee Laptop Keyboard The Baker 13 is a tradition in which students run around campus wearing nothing but shoes and shaving cream at 10 p.m. on the 13th and the 31st of every month (the 26th on months with fewer than 31 days). The event, long sponsored by Baker College, usually attracts a small number of students, but Halloween night and the first and last relevant days of the school year both attract large numbers of revelers.[77]COMPAQ Presario C700 Laptop Keyboard According to the official website, http://rpc.rice.edu/beer-bike/: "Beer Bike is a combination intramural bicycle race and drinking competition dating back to 1957. Ten riders and ten chuggers make up a team. Elaborate rules include details such as a prohibition of "bulky or wet clothing articles designed to absorb beer/water or prevent spilled beer/water from being seen" and regulations for chug can design. Each residential college as well as the Graduate Student Association participates with a men's team, ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard a women's team, and alumni (co-ed) team. Each leg of the race is a relay in which a team's "chugger" must chug 24 US fluid ounces (710 ml) of beer or water for the men's division and 12 US fluid ounces (350 ml) for women before the team's "rider" may begin to ride.[78]Participants who both ride and chug are referred to as "Ironmen". Willy Week is a term coined in the 1990s to refer to the week preceding Beer-Bike, a time of general energy and excitement on campus. Jacks (pranks) are especially common during Willy Week; some examples in the past include removing showerheads and encasing the Hanszen guardian." SONY VAIO VGN NR220ES Laptop Keyboard The morning of the Beer Bike race itself begins with what is by some estimations the largest annual water balloon fight in the world. Beer-Bike is Rice's most prominent student event, and for younger alumni it serves as an unofficial reunion weekend on par with Homecoming. The 2009 Beer Bike race was dedicated to the memory of Dr. Bill Wilson, a popular professor and long-time resident associate of Wiess College who died earlier that year. SONY Vaio VPC-EA3L1E/W Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Campus institutions A number of on-campus institutions form an integral part of student life at Rice. Many of these organizations have been operating for several decades. Rice Coffeehouse finds its beginnings in Hanszen College, where students would serve coffee in the Weenie Loft - a study room in the old section's fourth floor. Later, the coffee house moved to the Hanszen basement to accommodate more student patrons. That coffeehouse became known as Breadsticks and Pomegranates. Due to flooding, an unfortunate effect of 1) its location in the basement and 2) the Houston climate, this coffee house closed. Demand for an on-campus Coffeehouse grew and in 1990, the Rice Coffeehouse was founded. SONY Vaio VPC-EB1S0E/BJ Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Rice Coffeehouse is a not-for-profit student-run organization serving Rice University and the greater Houston community.[79] Over the past few years,[when?]it has introduced fair-trade and organic coffee and loose-leaf teas.[citation needed] Coffeehouse baristas are referred to as K.O.C.'s, or Keepers of the Coffee. Rice Coffeehouse has also adopted an unofficial mascot, the squirrel, which can be found on t-shirts, mugs, and bumper stickers stuck on laptops across campus. The logo pays tribute to Rice's unusually plump and frighteningly tame squirrel population. SONY Vaio VPC-EE31FX/WI Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Valhalla is a non-profit graduate student pub located under Keck Hall which serves as the social nexus for graduate student life at Rice.[80] It provides the graduate student community and the Rice community as a whole with a family-friendly place to unwind and relax after a long work day,[81] and a comfortable place for graduate students to relax and relate on the woes of graduate research. Additionally, Valhalla plays a pivotal role in many campus traditions including the Baker 13 and Beer Bike. DELL Latitude D630 Laptop Keyboard It was founded in 1970, but did not get an alcohol license until 1971. The management and all shifts are staffed by graduate students, faculty, staff, and other volunteers, which helps keep prices affordable for the target graduate student clientele. The pub's patrons have expanded beyond graduate students and other members of the local community in recent years, and the pub has become a regular on the annual "Best of Houston" published by the Houston Press, being named the "Best Place to Meet Single Women" in 2004 due to the frequency of intelligent conversation and smart, single women.[82]TOSHIBA Satellite A300 Laptop Keyboard Willy's Pub is Rice's undergraduate pub run by students located in the basement of the Rice Memorial Center. It opened on April 11, 1975, with Rice President Norman Hackerman pouring the first beer. The name was chosen by students in tribute to the university's founder, William Marsh Rice. After the drinking age in Texas was raised in 1986, the pub entered a period of financial difficulties and in April 1995, was destroyed in a fire. The space was gutted but renovated and remains open.[83][84]Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard

Student-run media

Rice has a weekly student newspaper (The Rice Thresher), college radio station (Rice Radio), and campus-wide student television station (RTV5). All three are based out of the RMC student center. In addition, Rice hosts several student magazines dedicated to a range of different topics; in fact, the spring semester of 2008 saw the birth of two such magazines, a literary sex journal called Open and an undergraduate science research magazine entitled Catalyst.  HP Pavilion G7-1100 Series Laptop Keyboard The Rice Thresher[85] is published every Friday and is ranked by Princeton Review as one of the top campus newspapers nationally for student readership. It is distributed around campus, and at a few other local businesses and has a website on the College Publisher network. The Thresher has a small, dedicated staff and is known for its coverage of campus news, open submission opinion page, and the satirical Backpage, which has often been the center of controversy. The newspaper has won several awards at Associated Collegiate Press conferences. HP 640208-001 Laptop Keyboard Rice Radio is the student-run radio station. Though most DJs are Rice students, anyone is allowed to apply. It is known for playing genres and artists of music and sound unavailable on other radio stations in Houston, and often, the US. The station takes requests over the phone or online. In 2000 and 2006, Rice Radio won Houston Press' Best Radio Station in Houston.[86][87] In 2003, Rice alum and active Rice Radio DJ DL's hip-hip show won Houston Press' Best Hip-hop Radio Show.[88] SONY 148084122 Laptop Keyboard On August 17, 2010, it was announced that Rice University had been in negotiations to sell the station's broadcast tower, FM frequency and license to the University of Houston System to become a full-time classical music and fine arts programming station. The new station, KUHA, would be operated as a not-for-profit outlet with listener supporters.[89] The FCC approved the sale and granted the transfer of license to the University of Houston System on April 15, 2011.[90]TOSHIBA Satellite L355 Laptop Keyboard RTV5 is a student run television network available as channel 5 on campus. RTV5 was created initially as Rice Broadcast Television in 1997; RBT began to broadcast the following year in 1998, and aired its first live show across campus in 1999. It experienced much growth and exposure over the years with successful programs like "Drinking with Phil," a weekly news show, and extensive live coverage in December 2000 of the shut down of Rice Radio by the administration. HP G62x-400 CTO Laptop Keyboard In spring 2001, the Rice undergraduate community voted in the general elections to support RBT as a blanket tax organization, effectively providing a yearly income of $10,000 to purchase new equipment and provide the campus with a variety of new programming. In the spring of 2005, RBT members decided the station needed a new image and a new name: Rice Television 5. The station has recently set about revitalizing its staff roster and campus image; HP AETT3U00010 Laptop Keyboard one of RTV5's most popular shows is the 24 hour show, where a camera and couch placed in the RMC stay on air for 24 hours. One such show is held in fall and another in spring, usually during a weekend allocated for visits by prospective students. RTV5 has a video on demand site at rtv5.rice.edu.[91]SAMSUNG NP-Q320-JS02UK Laptop Keyboard The Rice Review, also known as R2, is a yearly student-run literary journal at Rice University that publishes prose, poetry, and creative nonfiction written by undergraduate students, as well as interviews. The journal was founded in 2004 by creative writing professor and author Justin Cronin.[92]DELL Alienware M11x Laptop Keyboard The Rice Standard is an independent, student-run variety magazine modeled after such publications as The New Yorker and Harper's. Prior to fall 2009, it was regularly published three times a semester with a wide array of content, running from analyses of current events and philosophical pieces to personal essays, short fiction and poetry. In August 2009, SONY VAIO VGN-CR Series Laptop Keyboard the Standard transitioned to a completely online format with the launch of their redesigned website, ricestandard.org. The first website of its kind on Rice's campus, the Standard now features blog-style content written by and for Rice students. The Rice Standard has around 20 regular contributors, and the site features new content every day (including holidays). FUJITSU CP270342-02 Laptop Keyboard Open, a magazine dedicated to "literary sex content," predictably caused a stir on campus with its initial publication in spring 2008. A mixture of essays, editorials, stories and artistic photography brought Open attention both on campus and in the Houston Chronicle.[93] The third annual edition of Open was released in spring of 2010. FUJITSU Amilo Li3910 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rice participates in NCAA Division I athletics and is part of Conference USA. Rice was a member of the Western Athletic Conferencebefore joining Conference USA in 2005. Rice is the second-smallest school, measured by undergraduate enrollment, competing in NCAADivision I FBS football, only slightly ahead of Tulsa. Toshiba Satellite L650-1Q2 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Rice baseball team won the 2003 College World Series, defeating Stanford, giving Rice its only national championship in a team sport. The victory made Rice University the smallest school in 51 years to win a national championship at the highest collegiate level of the sport. The Rice baseball team has played on campus at Reckling Park since the 2000 season. As of 2010, the baseball team has won 14 consecutive conference championships in three different conferences:  HP Pavilion dv7-4040ed Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the final championship of the defunct Southwest Conference, all nine championships while a member of the Western Athletic Conference, and five more championships in its first five years as a member of Conference USA. Additionally, Rice's baseball team has finished third in both the 2006 and 2007 College World Series tournaments.  APPLE MG45070v1-Q010-S99 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rice now has made six trips to Omaha for the CWS. In 2004, Rice became the first school ever to have three players selected in the first eight picks of the MLB draft when Philip Humber, Jeff Niemann, and Wade Townsend were selected third, fourth, and eighth, respectively. In 2007, Joe Savery was selected as the 19th overall pick. SONY VAIO PCG-6Q1L Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2006, the football team qualified for its first bowl game since 1961, ending the second-longest bowl drought in the country at the time. On December 22, 2006, Rice played in the New Orleans Bowl in New Orleans, Louisiana against the Sun Belt Conference champion, Troy. The Owls lost 41-17. ACER TravelMate 5720-6560 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The bowl appearance came after Rice had a 14-game losing streak from 2004–05 and went 1-10 in 2005. The streak followed an internally authorized 2003 McKinsey report that stated football alone was responsible for a $4 million deficit in 2002. Tensions remain high between the athletic department and faculty, as a few professors who chose to voice their opinion were in favor of abandoning the football program. Hired in January 2006, new head coach Todd Graham sparked the "Rice Renaissance," SONY Vaio VPC-EA36FM/WI Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Toshiba SUNON GB0507PGV1-A Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the revival of the Owl football program. David Bailiff replaced Graham and inherits a team poised to continue the success enjoyed in 2006. Sophomore wide receiver Jarett Dillard set an NCAA record in 2006 by catching a touchdown pass in 13 consecutive games and took a 15-game overall streak into the 2007 season. Rice Stadium also serves as the performance venue for the university's Marching Owl Band, or "MOB." Despite its name, the MOB is a scatter band that focuses on performing humorous skits and routines rather than traditional formation marching. HP 610774-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2008, the football team posted a 9-3 regular season, capping off the year with a 38-14 victory over Western Michigan University in the Texas Bowl. The win over Western Michigan marked the Owls' first bowl win in 45 years.  ACER Aspire 5922 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rice Owls men's basketball won 10 conference titles in the former Southwest Conference (1918, 1935*, 1940, 1942*, 1943*, 1944*, 1945, 1949*, 1954*, 1970; * denotes shared title). Most recently, guard Morris Almond was drafted in the first round of the 2007 NBA Draft by the Utah Jazz. Rice recently named former Cal Bears head coach Ben Braun as head basketball coach to succeed Willis Wilson, fired after Rice finished the 2007-2008 season with a winless (0-16) conference record and overall record of 3-27. HP Pavilion dv7-3130eo Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rice has been very successful in women's sports in recent years. In 2004-05, Rice sent its women's volleyball, soccer, and basketball teams to their respective NCAA tournaments. In 2005-06, the women's soccer, basketball, and tennis teams advanced, with five individuals competing in track and field. In 2006-07, HP Pavilion dv7-4294nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the Rice women's basketball team made the NCAA tournament, while again five Rice track and field athletes received individual NCAA berths. In 2008, the women's volleyball team again made the NCAA tournament. In 2011 the Women's Swim team won their first conference championship in the history of the university. This was an impressive feat considering they won without having a diving team. IBM MCF-C10AM05 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rice's mascot is Sammy the Owl. In previous decades, the university kept several live owls on campus in front of Lovett College, but this practice has been discontinued, due to public pressure over the welfare of the owls. Rice also has a 12-member coed cheerleading squad and an all-female dance team, both of which perform at football and basketball games throughout the year.  SONY Vaio VGN-NW115J/T Laptop CPU Cooling Fan As of 2011, Rice has graduated 98 classes of students consisting of 51,961 living alumni. Over 100 students at Rice have been Fulbright Scholars, 20 Marshall Scholars, 25 Mellon Fellows, 12 Rhodes Scholars, 6 Udall Scholars, and 65 Watson Fellows, among several other honors and awards. ACER Aspire 5742ZG Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rice's distinguished faculty consists of 1 Nobel laureate, 1 Pulitzer Prize award winner, 6 Fulbright Scholars, 29 Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Recipients, 8 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1 member of the American Philosophical Society, 35 Guggenheim Fellowships, 17 members of the National Academy of Engineering, 7 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 5 fellows of the National Humanities Center, and 86 fellows of the National Science Foundation. HP Mini 210-2013tu Laptop Keyboard Alumni of Rice have occupied top positions in business, including George R. Brown, Thomas H. Cruikshank, the former CEO of Halliburton, John Doerr, billionaire and venture capitalist who provided original investments in Google, Amazon.com, Compaq, Netscape, and Sun Microsystems, Howard Hughes, and Fred C. Koch. ACER Aspire 5315 Laptop Keyboard In government and politics, Rice alumni include Alberto Gonzales, former Attorney General, Charles Duncan, former Secretary of Energy, William P. Hobby, Jr.,John Kline, and Annise Parker, incumbent Mayor of Houston. HP G62-b12SA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Many Rice alumni have gone on to successful careers in the humanities such as Larry McMurtry, Pulitzer Prize-winning author and Oscar winning writer ofBrokeback Mountain screenplay, and Candace Bushnell, author of Sex and the City, who attended for three semesters.[94] In science and technology, Rice alumni include 14 NASA astronauts, Robert Curl, Nobel Prize winning discoverer of fullerene, and Robert Woodrow Wilson. HP Pavilion dv7-4101eg Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rice athletes include Lance Berkman, Bubba Crosby, Harold Solomon, Frank Ryan, Tommy Kramer, Jose Cruz, Jr., as well as three Olympians. From its first edition in 1971 to 2008, THE was published in newspaper format. On 10 January 2008 the publication was relaunched as a magazine which continues currently. It is published by TSL Education Ltd., which was, until October 2005, a division of News International. HP Pavilion dv6-2055er Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The magazine is edited by John Gill. Phil Baty is the editor at large, and is responsible for international coverage. He is also the editor of the annual World University Rankings.The magazine features a fictional satirical column written by Laurie Taylor, the "Poppletonian", which reflects on life at the fictional Poppleton University.[2] ASUS F5GL Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2011 Times Higher Education was awarded the titles of "Weekly Business Magazine of the Year" and "Media Business Brand of the Year" by the Professional Publishers Association.[3] FUJITSU LifeBook P8020 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The first is the "Times Higher Education Awards". The 2011 awards took place on 24 November at the Grosvenor House Hotel on London's Park Lane and received a record number of entries across the 18 categories.[6] Seventeen universities were given awards in different categories, with the University of Sheffield being "University of the Year". Tessa Blackstone was given the "Lord Dearing Lifetime Achievement Award".[6]HP Pavilion dv4-1465dx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The "Times Higher Education Leadership and Management Awards" (Thelmas) were launched in 2009. The Thelmas were set up to recognise the impact that administrative staff have on the success of higher education institutions.Times Higher Education has been known for publishing the annual Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings, which first appeared in November 2004.  HP G60-120CA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On 30 October 2009, Times Higher Education broke with QS and signed an agreement with Thomson Reuters to provide the data for its annual World Rankings. The magazine developed a new rankings methodology in consultation with its readers and its editorial board. Thomson Reuters collects and analyses the data used to produce the rankings on behalf of Times Higher Education. The results have been published annually since autumn 2010. QS, which collected and analysed the rankings data for the past six years, no longer has any involvement with Times Higher Education’s World University RankingsAPPLE MacBook Pro 17 inch MA092LL A Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2004, after having made the team due to a strong spring training performance in which he hit .385 with two home runs and eleven RBIs,[3] Crosby gained a large amount of media and fan attention when, in his first

series against the Chicago White Sox, he hit two home runs with five RBI in first five at bats and made a diving catch.[4]  HP Envy 17-2106tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Notably, the first home run came in his first at bat as a Yankee and the second secured Mike Mussina's 200th career win.[5] Nevertheless, upon the return of outfielder Kenny Lofton from the disabled list, Crosby was sent down to minors from where he would be called up several times. He ultimately received only 53 at bats on the season, hitting .151 overall. He made both the ALDS and ALCS rosters as a reserve outfielder and pinch runner. SONY Vaio VPC-EB23FM/WI Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2005, Crosby performed well in spring training again and made the team for the second year in a row but again found difficulty staying in the majors at the beginning of the season. He was optioned down to the Clippers on July 8, 2005, but returned to the Yankees on August 18. Crosby returned to the Yankees wearing jersey number 18 because his previous number, 19, had been assigned to the newly acquired Al Leiter. HP Pavilion dv7-4113tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Crosby's season made a dramatic turn for the better in the final month of the season, however. After having worked with Don Mattingly to shorten his swing, Crosby finished his 2005 season with the strongest performance of his career, hitting .321 in 23 September games while consistently starting and .345 (20 for 58) over his final 31 games of the season. On September 19, 2005, in his first start of the year against a left-handed pitcher, he hit his career first walk-off home run, against Eric DuBose of the Baltimore Orioles, leading off the bottom of the 9th inning by sending a breaking ball over the right-center field fence.[6]Toshiba Qosmio G30-10E Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On October 10, 2005, Crosby, after having started several postseason games, was involved in a collision in Game 5 of the 2005 ALDS against the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. With the Yankees up 2–1, the Angels had runners on first and second with two outs when Adam Kennedy hit a pitch off Mike Mussina deep to right-center. Crosby and right-fielder Gary Sheffield collided while trying to catch the ball, allowing two runs to score to give the Angels a 3–2 lead. The Angels would go on to win the game 5–3 and continue to the ALCS. Crosby finished the season having hit .276 over 76 games. ACER Aspire MS2264 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan During the offseason, Yankees general manager Brian Cashman initially stated that Crosby would be the Yankees starting center fielder in 2006.[7] Nevertheless, upon the large signing of Johnny Damon in December, he was again put in a reserve role and ceded his number 18 to Damon. Though again made the team's opening roster, he lost almost a month on the 15 Day Disabled list from mid-May to June. After having appeared in 65 games, on August 4, 2006, Crosby was designated for assignment by the Yankees. He cleared waivers on August 9, however, and reported back to the Clippers, remaining in the Yankee organization. He became a 6-year Minor League free agent after the season. HP Pavilion dv7-6000em Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On November 10, 2006, the Cincinnati Reds signed Crosby for the 2007 season.[8] Crosby agreed to a one-year contract that paid $400,000 while he was in the majors, and $75,000 in the minors [1]. By signing him to a Major League deal, Cincinnati protected Crosby on its 40-man roster. But he was not assured a 25-man roster spot for Opening Day 2007, and went to spring training competing for a job as a reserve outfielder. "We're getting a guy that's been on winning teams, that plays the game the right way, that always plays it hard and can play all three outfield positions," Reds general manager Wayne Krivsky said. "We're happy to have him." [9]HP 441316-001 Laptop Keyboard Crosby hit .276 in 16 games in spring training with 1 homer and 7 RBI. The Reds sent Crosby outright to Triple-A Louisville on March 24, 2007. Crosby accepted the demotion, and began the season in Triple-A. [2]"We just felt he was behind a couple of other guys for that spot," Krivsky said.[10] Louisville placed Crosby on the disabled list after 13 games. The diagnosis was left shoulder tendinitis. Conservative treatment was unsuccessful, and on July 20, in Cincinnati, he had season-ending surgery on his shoulder. The Reds granted Crosby free agency in October 2007. Lenovo 63Y0047 Laptop Keyboard The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) compiled by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University and now maintained by the Shanghai Ranking Consultancy, has provided annual global rankings of universities since 2003, making it the earliest of its kind. The ranking is funded by the Chinese government and its initial purpose was to measure the gap between Chinese and "world class" universities. ARWU rankings have been cited by The Economist magazine.[1]HP G42-283LA Laptop Keyboard It has been lauded for being "consistent and transparent" based on an article.[2] The education ministers of France, Norway and Denmark traveled to China to discuss and find ways to improve their rankings.[3] ARWU does not rely on surveys and school submissions. Among other criteria, ARWU includes the number of articles published by Natureor Science and the number of Nobel Prize winners and Fields Medalists (mathematics).[4]TOSHIBA Satellite 2410 PS241L-5Y34T Laptop Keyboard One of the primary criticisms of ARWU's methodology is that it is biased towards the natural sciences and English language science journals over other subjects.[4]Moreover, the ARWU is known for "relying solely on research indicators", and "the ranking is heavily weighted toward institutions whose faculty or alumni have won Nobel Prizes": it does not measure "the quality of teaching or the quality of humanities."[5]SAMSUNG Q320 Laptop Keyboard From 2004 to 2009 Times Higher Education (THE), a British publication, published the annual Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings in association with Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). THE published a table of the top 200 universities and QS ranked approximately 500 online, in book form, and via media partners.[6] On 30 October 2009, THE broke with QS and joined Thomson Reuters to provide a new set of world university rankings, called Times Higher Education World University Rankings. THE has stated that academic opinion will form part of its new offering. HP 640208-001 Laptop Keyboard On 3 June 2010, Times Higher Education revealed the methodology which they proposed to use when compiling the new world university rankings.[7] The new methodology included 13 separate performance indicators, an increase from the six measures employed between 2004 and 2009. After further consultation the criteria were grouped under five broad overall indicators to produce the final ranking. THE published its first rankings using its new methodology on 16 September 2010, a month earlier than previous years.[8]SAMSUNG Q320 Laptop Keyboard The Times Higher Education World University Rankings, along with the QS World University Rankings and the Academic Ranking of World Universities are described to be the three most influential international university rankings.[9][10] The Globe and Mail in 2010 described the Times Higher Education World University Rankings to be "arguably the most influential."[11] Research published by professors at the University of Michigan in 2011 demonstrated that the early THES rankings were disproportionately influential in establishing the status order of world research universities.[12]  HP 640208-001 Laptop Keyboard Published for the first time in March 2011,[13] the rankings are based on a survey of 13,388 academics over 131 countries - which is the largest evaluation of academic reputation to date.[14] The survey was conducted in eight languages by Ipsos Media CT for Times Higher Education's ranking-data partner Thomson Reuters, HP G72-b50US Laptop Keyboard and asked experienced academics to highlight what they believed to be the strongest universities for teaching and research in their own fields. The top six universities in the ranking for 2012—Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Cambridge, Stanford University, UC Berkeley andUniversity of Oxford—were found to be "head and shoulders above the rest", and were touted as a group of globally recognised "super brands".[15]ACER Aspire 5930 Laptop Keyboard HP Mini 110-3549tu Laptop Keyboard

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