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Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, Charlevoix and Côte-Nord). Maximum rainfall was recorded between Lac-St-Jean and the Réserve faunique des Laurentides with a station recording more than 90 mm (3.5 in) of rain[152]Along the river, the amount were more in the 10 mm (0.4 in) and 30 mm (1.2 in) range, except in Quebec City area which received almost 50 mm (2.0 in), ACER TravelMate 8204WLMi laptop keyboard

most of it between 7:00 pm and 8:00 pm[152] This rain caused small inundations, storm drain overflows, and closed one major highway.[153] In Montreal, high humidity levels pushed by the system caused electrical malfunction one of the lines of the subway, stranding commuters.[154] High winds up to 78 km/h (48 mph) caused, at their worst,  HP Mini 110-3102sl laptop keyboard

over 25,000 households to lose electricity in Montreal, Laval, Estrie and Montérégie[155] and when it reached the Magdalen Islands, it had enough strength to cause a sail boat, the Océan, to sink. Its six passengers were rescued by a helicopter of the Canadian Coast Guard.

The "Ike Spike" in gasoline prices was quite severe in Canada, with gas prices rising anywhere from 15 to 20 cents per liter. TOSHIBA Satellite P300-1EI laptop keyboard

Ike's remnants combined with an unusual depression that affected southwestern Iceland on September 17, three days after Ike became extratropical.[158] The storm produced 9 m (30 ft) waves along southwest coasts of the island. Rainfall peaked near 200 mm (7.9 in) close to Reykjavík. Wind gusts were measured up to 89 miles per hour (143 km/h).[159]  HP Pavilion dv6-2114sa laptop keyboard

Strong winds on the backside of the system produced a large dust storm in northern areas of the island.

After Hurricane Ike many residents applied to FEMA for loans and FEMA trailers. Many residents were forced to wait several weeks until their trailers arrived. Some waited for up to two months living in hotels, HP Mini 110-1116NR laptop keyboard

homes of relatives several miles away, or in their homes with no power or running water. Many residents were very angry at the response that FEMA gave to the problem. Texas state leaders also accused FEMA of foot-dragging and insensitivity.[161] People able to prepare by buying insurance were declined any aid at all, even if need was proven, HP Pavilion dv6-3106tu laptop keyboard

while people who had either bought no insurance, or inadequate insurance, were offered help. Some residents who needed a trailer had almost finished repairing their homes by the time their trailers arrived. Residents in Bridge City were outraged that FEMA had not given their homes inspections so that they could apply for loans and trailers. SONY VAIO VGN-CS31Z/Q laptop keyboard

In an effort to help Bridge City, people in Port Neches, Nederland, and residents of Bridge City whose homes had not been damaged offered their services to the people of Bridge City in an effort to speed up the rebuilding of Bridge City.

Hurricane Ike also brought many health issues to the victims. SONY VAIO VGN-SR290 laptop keyboard

Damages from the homes and the environment helped create these issues amongst the public. Following the disaster communities were challenged to provide the correct medical treatment in emergency rooms and other medical facilities. It developed stress restricting victims their basic health services. SONY VAIO VGN-CS31S/R laptop keyboard

Orange County had an 88.5 percent capacity loss of intermediate care facilities reducing its overall capacity. By late October five hospitals that usually served the areas that were impacted by the hurricane stayed closed while only one hospital continued to operate but with a limit of patients.[163] IBM 42T3297 laptop keyboard

The need for mental health services increased after the disaster especially for depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Most individuals will not progress in constant behavioral or mental health problems, but the World Health Organization estimates between five and ten percent of victims will have more long-term issues.[163]  HP Pavilion dv6-2135er laptop keyboard

Telephone interviews and mental health diagnoses were ordered randomly to households concerning the effects of Hurricane Ike. Post disaster mental health occurrences were 5.9 percent for post-traumatic stress disorder, 4.5 percent for major depressive episode, and 9.9 percent for generalanxiety disorder.[164] HP Pavilion G7T-1000 Series laptop keyboard

 A Galveston Bay Recovery Study (GBRS) was a survey distributed through a random stratified cluster sampling of victims in the Galveston Bay area for research on traumatic stress and disaster exposure. When surveyed victims were asked how they felt and what they experienced after the hurricane there was an immediate emotional response of fear from the loss of property, ASUS X53S laptop keyboard

employment,displacement, and damages.[165] Children were targeted for physical abuse by parents and guardians because of loss of property and employment.[163] Results of post-traumatic stress disorder, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, dysfunctions, and disabilities were reported when asked how stressful their lives have been since Hurricane Ike.[165] SONY Vaio PCG-K23 laptop keyboard

There was an increase of impairments, interference with social activities and health behaviors such as eating poorly, smoking more, and restlessness.[165] Development of these mental health problems were due to the lack of sufficient clean clothing, electricity, food, money, transportation, or water for at least one week. SONY VGN-FE790G/N laptop keyboard

Victims and workers face numerous residential and occupational hazards during the process of repairing their homes or community. An exposure to hazardous materials through the process created health threats of diseases, air contamination, smoke inhalation, and lead poisoning. ACER PK1306F0200 laptop keyboard

As disaster victims return to their damaged homes children were exposed to the debris and other hazards, developing a risk of injury.[163] After the hurricane because of power outages individuals and family misused portable generators causing carbon monoxide poisoning. 82 percent to 87 percent of carbon monoxide were caused by the improper use of generators. SONY VGN-FE790 laptop keyboard

The Texas Department of State Health Services issued that gasoline generators should not be used indoor.[166] 54 people were reported by the Texas poison centers to have storm related carbon monoxide exposure. The Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society and The Center for Disease Control reported 15 people had to undergo hyperbaric oxygen treatment for carbon monoxide poisoning.[166] HP G42-164LA Laptop Keyboard

Symptoms from exposure were headaches, nausea, and vomiting.[167] The Department of State Health Services(DSHS) released health-related precautions for people in areas where flooding and electrical outages have occurred as a result of Hurricane Ike. This forced an advisory to be given to the communities to boil water from the public drinking water systems.  HP Pavilion dv6-2157sb Laptop Keyboard

Hurricane Ike forced the Houston Astros and the Chicago Cubs to play out their 3 game set in Milwaukee at Miller Park.[168] Ike also forced the postponement of the second-week NFL game between the Houston Texans and the Baltimore Ravens. That postponement gave both teams a bye week in the beginning of the season on September 14, 2008. HP Mini 1116NR Laptop Keyboard

The game was later made up in Houston after repairs were made to Reliant Stadium on November 9, 2008. It also forced the NCAA football game on September 13 between the Houston Cougars and the Air Force Falcons to be moved from Robertson Stadium in Houston to Gerald Ford Stadium in Dallas.[169] HP Pavilion DV7-3065dx Laptop Keyboard

Ike also forced the postponement of a Texas Longhorns game in Austin,[170] Texas due to increased evacuee traffic in the city's shelters. Tickets for World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) WrestleMania XXV were originally scheduled to go on sale September 20, 2008, HP Pavilion dv5-1104tu Laptop Keyboard

but it was postponed out of concern for the residents near theGulf of Mexico due to Hurricane Ike and the disaster area declaration by Texas Governor Rick Perry. Following another postponement due to the effect of Ike on the state of Texas, WWE announced that ticket sales would be postponed until November 8, 2008. ACER Aspire 7520 Laptop Keyboard

There were a number of relief efforts set up to help those caught up in Ike, including one set up by Portlight and Weather Underground. Most of them raised at least $10,000 to help out.[citation needed] The Portlight/Wunderground effort created some initial controversy springing from the unexpected overwhelming response to requests for assistance.. DELL Latitude D620 Laptop Keyboard

Portlight delivered over $500,000 worth of equipment to people with disabilities and outlying communities that were impacted by Hurricane Ike. They also delivered pizza to the residents of the hard hit Bolivar peninsula and helped provide a Christmas party for residents of Bridge City, Tx. HP G62-a30SP Laptop Keyboard

It should also be noted that AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps Members of Class XIV and the Southern Baptist Convention's Disaster Relief Program responded to aid in the Relief Effort by working with The Red Cross and Salvation Army throughout Texas.

Hurricane Ike's winds, surge and giant waves tossed storage tanks and punctured pipelines. DELL FM8 Laptop Keyboard

However, operators in the Gulf of Mexico (ranging from major integrated producers like BP and Shell, to small privately owned independents) shut in operations in advance of Ike's approach as a precautionary measure. As a result of these shut-ins, US oil production dropped from 5 Mbbl/d (790,000 m3/d) to 4 Mbbl/d (640,000 m3/d) in the immediate aftermath of the hurricane. Lenovo 45N2106 Laptop Keyboard

By late November, production was restored to pre-Ike levels. Despite the hurricane, only 500,000 US gallons (1,900 m3) of crude oil spilled into the Gulf of Mexico and the marshes, bayous and bays of Louisiana and Texas over a coastline distance of 185 miles. Much of the spillage occurred in the High Island area of Galveston County,  Lenovo 3000 C100 Laptop Keyboard

Texas, where storm surge rose over a low-lying oilfield and flooded the marshy area around several producing wells, beam pumps and storage tanks. During the days both before and after the storm, companies and residents reported around 448 releases of gas, oil and other substances into the environment in Louisiana and Texas. DELL PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard

The hardest hit places were industrial centers near Houston and Port Arthur, Texas, as well as oil production facilities off Louisiana's coast.

The Coast Guard, with the Environmental Protection Agency and state agencies, has responded to more than 3,000 pollution reports associated with the storm and its surge along the upper Texas coast. ASUS F3F Laptop Keyboard

Most callers complain about abandoned propane tanks, paint cans and other hazardous materials containers turning up in marshes, backyards and other places.

On March 6, 2009, a 159,000-ton Norwegian tanker SKS Satilla collided with a jackup oil rig Ensco 74 [1], which had been missing after Ike struck [2].  HP 636376-001 Laptop Keyboard

The tanker's double hull prevented oil spill at the site 65 miles south of Galveston, which is 115 miles west of the original position of the rig [3]. Four drilling rigs including Ensco 74 were damaged by Ike, but it was the only rig missing. At least 52 oil platforms were damaged by Ike.

Because of the tremendous damage, number of deaths, and people left missing,  COMPAQ Presario CQ60-104TU Laptop Keyboard

the name Ike was officially retired on April 22, 2009 by the World Meteorological Organization, and will never again be used for a North Atlantic hurricane. It will be replaced with Isaias in the 2014 season.

Students at Ball High School in Galveston, Texas, created the documentary Ike: A Documentary. It premiered at Galveston's Opera House on May 21, 2009.[178] HP G42-380LA Laptop Keyboard

It was made available on DVD on September 13, 2009, the one year anniversary of Ike.[178]

Mark Hanna with the Insurance Council of Texas (ICT) prepared a 60-minute documentary on Hurricane Ike entitled 09-13-08, Hurricane Ike. The program aired in the spring of 2009 on 10 of the 13 PBS TV stations in Texas and may be seen at ICT's Web site. Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E520 Laptop Keyboard

Chris Terrill filmed the impact of Ike on Galveston, in the second part of his three-part series Nature's Fury. The film captured the evacuation, storm surge and 17-foot (5.2 m) waves overtopping the sea wall preceding the hurricane's arrival; before and after footage of the historic Balinese Room nightclub that was destroyed in the storm; scenes on the street during 100 mph winds and lashing rain; and the devastation afterwards. HP G42-380LA Laptop Keyboard

A commission was established by Rick Perry, the Texas Governor, following the hurricane to investigate preparing for and mitigating future disasters. A proposal has been put forth to build an "Ike Dike", a massive levee system which would protect the Galveston Bay, and the important industrial facilities which line the coast and the ship channel,  TOSHIBA NB200-10J Laptop Keyboard

from a future, potentially more destructive storm. The proposal has gained widespread support from a variety of business interests. As of 2009 it is currently only at the conceptual stage.

According to the Houston Department of Health and Human Services the greatest need of households affected was obtaining needed food. DELL PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard

Communities that are vulnerable during disaster need help in how to prepare for recovery that will take longer than 3 to 5 days. More than 52.3% of household's had vulnerable family members such as children younger than 2 years old, pregnant women, and adults older than 60. Affected houses included 55% that were without power, DELL Vostro 1510 Laptop Keyboard

9.5% using gas-powered generators gave limited power to their house, and 29.1% using grills and camp stoves to cook food. Other families said their house's toilet did not work, and no garbage pickup. Others needed assistance with getting clothing, medicine, medical care, and transportation. HP 519265-001 Laptop Keyboard

Certain areas of Houston did not have access to public messages sent out about how to prepare for longer long-term recovery, planning to be prepared properly, and management. There needs to be improved communication with service agencies for response after the disaster.[181]

Most of Houston, 3 million, was without power for weeks and living in dark.[182] HP Pavilion dv6-3080tx Laptop Keyboard

Victims of the hurricane were staying with friends and relatives and dealing with starting over with their life and what their next step will be.[183] People helped out in affected communities through volunteering trying to help to rebuild the communities.[184] Social service and nonprofit agencies trying to help Houston and Galveston by offering services through grant money.[185] DELL Vostro 3450 Laptop Keyboard

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is assisting the victims of Ike heading towards long-term recovery through Long-Term Community Recovery Branch (LTCR) by gathering federal, state, and local nongovernment agencies to help affected communities create long-term recovery resources and fix problems and concerns. SAMSUNG N150 Laptop Keyboard

Also, help communities create long-term recovery pland heading towards aciton steps have plans succeed when next disaster happens.[186]

Solutions for long-term recovery include federal and state agencies having meetings where they discuss recovery needs, planning ideas effective with state and local governments, and address needs and goals. DELL Vostro 3550 Laptop Keyboard

Communities need to effectively use resources from programs and agencies offer for recovery, coordinate, and plan. Challenges may be faced in recovery efforts such as how long federal government provide assistance, officials not able to successfully address the affected communities issues, effective authority and influence get agencies' attention, DELL PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard

and communicating to the public realistic expectations of exactly how much resources leaders have available for recovery and assistance.[186] Successful long-term recovery builds the community coming back stronger, keep going, more structured than was before hurricane and reconstruction. FEMA grant program created to purchase properties and move them to another area that does not flood as badly. ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard

The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 requires communities to have plans for disaster aid and grants to identify risk and vulnerability for communities lack power to instill actions and assessment for comprehensive plans. FEMA Act has helped protect homes and communities promote disaster risk identification and assessment of age. Hurricane Ike launched Texas cost communities start building strong communities. Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard

Future of long-term recovery planning starts with residents being active in their community, immediate reconstruction, and long-term action enhances community and local resilience. Communities can reduce losses in the future and improve resilience by careful land use planning and development management. HP Pavilion G6-1B59WM Laptop Keyboard

Action steps that can be taken to reduce threats from future hurricanes are restoring marshes, plan reconstruction in nonvulnerable areas, heighten structures for flood protection, and create building design that is simple, low in cost, and designs that can handle hurricane strength winds. Communities need to find a way to decrease their vulnerability. HP 519265-001 Laptop Keyboard

Key for communication about the recovery process and planning is identifying resources, simplifying assistance, sharing information, including all important groups, improve individual, family, and community emergency preparedness.

The effects of Hurricane Ike in Texas were crippling and long-lasting. TOSHIBA NSK-TK001 Laptop Keyboard

Ike's effects included deaths, widespread damage, and impacts to the price and availability of oil and gas. Hurricane Ike also had a long-term impact on the U.S. economy.[1] Making landfall over Galveston, at 2:10 a.m. CDT[2] on 13 September 2008, "giant" Hurricane Ike caused extensive damage in Texas, with sustained winds of 110 mph (175 km/h), a 22 ft (6.8 m) storm surge, and widespread coastal flooding.[2][3][4] Lenovo ThinkPad T410-2516 Laptop Keyboard

More than 140,000 residents in the Texas Gulf Coast danger zones in Ike's path had failed to evacuate,[5] partly due to fears of multi-hour traffic jams as during Hurricane Rita, but over 940 were rescued from rising waters,[2][6] and nearly 2,000 rescued afterward.[5][7] As of December 27, 2008, 37 people are known to have lost their lives in Texas due to Ike while hundreds are still missing.[8] TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7332 Laptop Keyboard

The storm had come ashore hours before daybreak with 110-mph (175 km/h) winds and towering waves, pushing boats ashore, smashing many houses, flooding thousands of homes, knocking out windows in Houston's skyscrapers,[2] uprooting trees, and cutting electric power to more than millions of customers (estimates range from 2.8 million[9] to 4.5 million [10]customers) for weeks or months.[6] COMPAQ Presario C700 Laptop Keyboard

Some people survived by punching holes in attics,[11] climbing to rooftops or trees,[12] using nearby boats, or floating on debris[12] until reaching solid ground.

Afterward, an estimated 100,000 homes had been flooded in Texas, and numerous boats washed ashore. Galveston was declared uninhabitable, and Houston imposed a week-long nighttime curfew due to limited electric power. HP Mini 110-3120se laptop keyboard

Galveston, nearby waterfront towns, and low-lying suburbs of Houston had been partially evacuated.

On September 8, Texas State Governor Rick Perry declared 88 Texas state counties a disaster area in preparation for Hurricane Ike, expected to hit the Texas coast as early as Saturday morning, which included placing 7,500 Texas Military Forces troops on standby. HP Mini 210-1066SB laptop keyboard

The Texas County of Brazoria called for voluntary evacuation and Matagorda County called for mandatory evacuation as did the County of Brazoria for zip code 77541 and the city of Lake Jackson. Galveston, parts of southern Houston and areas south of the city and near the Texas coast were under a mandatory evacuation order starting at noon September 11.  SAMSUNG Q320 laptop keyboard

On September 10, U.S. President George W. Bush made an emergency declaration for Texas in advance of Hurricane Ike, making more federal help available for preparations and evacuations.[14]

State rural water associations activated mutual aid networks to prepare for the landfall of Hurricane Hanna and Hurricane Ike while still providing assistance to areas impacted by Hurricane Gustav.Lenovo 45N2036 laptop keyboard

The Texas Rural Water Association held meetings with state agencies on Tuesday, September 9, to plan for landfall along the Texas gulf coast.[17]

On September 11, forecasting models began to show Ike making landfall just south of Galveston. City Manager Steve LeBlanc late Wednesday issued a mandatory evacuation order for the low lying west end of Galveston Island.[18]  HP Pavilion dv4-1131tx laptop keyboard

Later, the mandatory evacuation order was extended to the entire island of Galveston, as well as low-lying areas around Houston, Texas.[19]

Also on September 11, at 8:19 p.m. (CDT), the National Weather Service in Houston/Galveston, TX issued a strongly worded bulletin, regarding storm surge along the shoreline of Galveston Bay. SONY VAIO VGN-FS550 laptop keyboard

The bulletin advised residents living in single-family homes in some parts of coastal Texas may face "certain death" if they do not heed orders to evacuate.[20] Reports said as many as 40 percent of Galveston's citizens may have not paid attention to the warnings.[21] It was feared to be much the same in Port Arthur. HP Pavilion dv2-1007ax laptop keyboard

The threat to low-lying areas between Morgan City, Louisiana, and Baffin Bay, Texas, east of the projected eye of Hurricane Ike may experience the greatest damage from storm surges of up to 25 feet. Waves at sea are expected to be higher, up to 70 feet according to computer simulations.[22] TOSHIBA NSK-TK001 laptop keyboard

The prices of crude oil and gas increased in the expectation of damage to some of the numerous oil refineries along the South Texas coast, or at least delays in production from the oil and gas platforms in the Gulf of Mexico.

Landfall had been predicted near Freeport, Texas,[24][25] by the National Hurricane Center, as of Wednesday, SONY VAIO VGN-FS315M laptop keyboard

10 September 2008. However, the actual landfall was further east, over the east end[6] of Galveston Island (near Texas City, TX), with the eye centered over Galveston Bay. Because some winds blew from the north at Galveston, water was pushed back out into the Gulf, and the actual storm surge there was muted to 19 ft (5.8 m),[6] SONY VAIO VGN-FW11S laptop keyboard

 rather than the original prediction of over 25 ft (7.6 m) as with a west-end landfall,[24][25] which would have pushed more water into Galveston Bay, being a channel bay.

As of 13 September 2008, the highest storm surge had been noted at Sabine Pass at 22 ft (6.5 m), the highest surge ever recorded at that station, and Ike also brought on the record for greatest storm surge ever seen with any Category 2 hurricaneHP G61-400SP laptop keyboard

However, Bolivar Peninsula, at the entrance to Galveston Bay, was nearer to the eastern side of the eye. The morning high tide (on 2008-09-13), adding 2.3 ft (0.7 m), occurred at 4:14am CDT at the Galveston Bay entrance. [28] The total eastern storm tide was then nearly 16 ft (4.9 m) by landfall at 2:10am, with higher waves on top. SONY VAIO VGN-SZ470N/C laptop keyboard

On the night of September 12, 2008, the eye of Hurricane Ike approached the Texas coast near Galveston Bay, making landfall at 2:10 a.m. CDT over the east end of Galveston Island[3](near Texas City).

People in low-lying areas who had not heeded evacuation orders, in single-family one- or two-story homes, HP Pavilion dv4-1211tu laptop keyboard

had been warned by the weather service that they "faced certain death" in the overnight storm surge.[29]

In regional Texas towns, electrical power began failing before 8 p.m. CDT,[29] leaving more than 3 million people without power.[3] In addition, grocery store shelves in the Houston area were left empty.[30] SONY VAIO VGN-FS115Z laptop keyboard

Rainfall estimates indicated that 2-day rainfall totals from mid-day Friday through mid-day Saturday exceeded 20 inches (50 cm) in parts of both northern Harris County and southern Montgomery County, with a multi-county area receiving at least 10 inches (25 cm) of rainfall.

Bolivar Peninsula got the strong side of the storm.[31] SONY VAIO VGN-FS215M laptop keyboard

Bolivar Peninsula, just east across the water from the landfall site on Galveston Island, had been submerged under the storm tide.[32] Water from the storm surge was over the first floor of many houses.[33] SONY VGN-FE890 laptop keyboard

Most, if not all of the communities previously located on the Bolivar Peninsula, which together with Galveston Island separates Galveston Bay from the Gulf of Mexico, were utterly devastated.[32] Based on an extensive aerial survey conducted on the afternoons of Saturday, September 13 and Sunday, ASUS X53S laptop keyboard

September 14, very little remains west of the community of High Island. The area of total or near-total destruction includes Caplen, Port Bolivar, and the area surrounding Gregory Park. Most, if not all of the structures that had been situated along the length of Highway 87 west of High Point, as well as Highway 108 on the western edge of Bolivar, were destroyed.HP Pavilion dv5-1221tx laptop keyboard

Crystal Beach, a populous community located roughly at the midpoint of the peninsula, was submerged and destroyed;[12][31][33] waves and wind pounded houses, and even some houses elevated on 14-ft (4.3–m) stilts rolled into the waters.[12] The tiny beachfront community of Gilchrist, which sat astride the north-facing Rollover Bay on Bolivar, HP G61-400SP laptop keyboard

was completely swept away, save for only a few homes. One of these homes, the only one in its neighbourhood to remain intact (although it was rendered uninhabitable), attracted widespread media interest after images of it began to appear in newspapers and on television.[34] At least six bodies were found in an extensive search.[HP Pavilion dv6-2165es laptop keyboard

Two flood water sensors in Chambers County, Texas survived Ike's storm surge, while those on eastern Bolivar Peninsula were left inoperable during the hurricane. Along the Eastern shores of Galveston Bay surge heights were measured at 16.9 feet (5.15 m) and a measurement along SH126 measured 17.0 feet (5.18 m).[36][37] SONY VAIO VGN-FS285H laptop keyboard

Massive amounts of surge carried debris, largely from Bolivar Peninsula and southern Chambers County were left along the northern coast of Rollover bay Chambers county.

There is controversy whether houses near the beach are allowed to be rebuilt if they are destroyed by such stormsTOSHIBA Satellite L355-S7812 laptop keyboard

In Galveston, by 4 p.m. CDT (2100 UTC) on September 12, the rising storm surge began overtopping the 17-ft (5.2 m) Galveston Seawall, which faces the Gulf of Mexico;[29] waves had been crashing along the seawall earlier, from 9 a.m. CDT.[38] Although Seawall Boulevard is elevated above the shoreline, many areas of town slope down behind the seawall to the lower elevation ofGalveston Island. SAMSUNG P28 laptop keyboard

The historic Balinese Room, a former mafia-run nightclub that had extended 600 feet into the Gulf of Mexico and had withstood many serious storms,[39] was swept away as Ike's eye crossed over the eastern half of Galveston Island.[40] The elevated structure, which had hosted performers ranging from Frank Sinatra,  ACER PK1306F0200 laptop keyboard

Bob Hope[39] and George Burns to Groucho Marx and Sammy Davis, Jr.,[40] had recently been renovated and returned to profitability after years of neglect and disrepair, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The rock band ZZ Top had a song named after the popular destination, "Balinese".[40][41] SONY VAIO VGN-CR420D laptop keyboard

None of the many wooden piers that gave Galveston much of its unique character survived the landfall of Hurricane Ike. In addition to the Balinese Room,Murdoch's, Hooters[39] and the 61st Street Pier were all completely destroyed. Murdoch's Pier was rebuilt and reopened in October 2009, while Hooters Galveston (housed in the former Ocean Grill building) was not rebuilt;  HP G61-110SA laptop keyboard

the site remains vacant as of 2011. Because of the recession, Texas Wings (the subsidiary of Hooters of America based out of Dallas, TX) executives have no future plans to reestablish a Hooters franchise in Galveston. The 61st Street Pier was rebuilt and reopened in 2010. SONY VAIO VGN-FS740W laptop keyboard

Seawall Boulevard, which runs the entire length of the seawall several meters above the popular beaches adjoining the Gulf, was littered with the debris of these and other structures.

The landmark Flagship Hotel, which sits on deep concrete pylons, was seriously damaged,[39] but no one was injured,[39] and an early survey indicates the structure will be salvageable;  ASUS X88S laptop keyboard

however that proves to be untrue, and the hotel was demolished in 2011.Some of the hotel's siding was peeled off by the storm (this occurred during Hurricane Alicia in 1983),[39] venting at least one top-floor guest suite to the open air, and the elevated ramp permitting vehicles to access the hotel's lower level from Seawall Boulevard fell into the Gulf.[39] HP Pavilion dv6-2030ev laptop keyboard

The seemingly protected back side of the island also suffered heavy damage to tourist areas. The Lone Star Flight Museum suffered massive damage as the storm surge washed over the airport and though all the aircraft hangars (not just the museums) with about 8 feet of water. ASUS A9R laptop keyboard

All the airplanes, except those that flew out before the storm, where damaged from moderate to severe, but the worst was the complete destruction of the "Aviation Hall of Fame" with numerous personal items of aviations greatest pioneers.[42] As of August 2011, plans are underway to relocate the Lone Star Flight Museum to Ellington Field even though a 20-year lease extension from Scholes Field was signed.[43] APPLE 922-6913 laptop keyboard

The recently completed Schlitterbahn Water Park is still closed as of November as they continue to work on repairs[44] Conversely, Moody Gardens was built with hurricane storms in mind with strong pyramid shaped structures very high above sea level, so it was able to withstand the worst of the storm and return to operation quickly.[45] Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E220s laptop keyboard

The Galveston Railroad Museum suffered damage throughout its museum and exhibit grounds. Several railcars and locomotives are damaged by the hurricane's winds and flooding# 2 historical EMD F7 locomotives are scrapped after severely affected.[46] The museum's model railroad layout was also destroyed.  IBM Lenovo Thinkpad X201 laptop keyboard

Even though there were advance evacuation plans, Mary Jo Naschke, spokesperson for the city of Galveston, estimated that (as of Friday morning) a quarter of the city's residents disregarded calls for them to evacuate, despite predictions that most of Galveston Island would suffer heavy flooding storm tide.[38] SONY VAIO PCG-FR315B laptop keyboard

 By 6 p.m. Friday night, estimates varied as to how many of the 58,000 residents remained, but the figures of remaining residents were in the thousands.

Some people survived by punching holes in attics and carried sick relatives away from the flood.[11] On the 91st Street Pier,  TOSHIBA Satellite P300 Laptop Keyboard

formerly a two-story structure resembling a house that extended some 400 feet (120 m) into the Gulf, three persons opted to ride the storm out, despite a National Weather Service warning direly predicting that they faced "certain death" from what was expected to be up to a 24-foot storm surge. Calling local emergency operators three hours ahead of Ike's landfall,  Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E520 Laptop Keyboard

they requested evacuation by Coast Guard personnel, as the entire length of the pier and the structure's first story had by that time fallen into the Gulf. They were informed that no one could rescue them at that time, due to the unacceptable risks their prospective rescuers would be subjected to. SONY 147977821 Laptop Keyboard

Weathering the storm huddled inside what remained of the pier's second floor, they were lifted to safety by a rescue helicopter late the following morning.

An early survey of Galveston Island, performed late Saturday, September 13 and Sunday, September 14, 2008, indicated that the entirety of the Island west of 11 Mile Road was entirely devastated, and that few structures on Galveston's western one-third had survived. HP Pavilion DV7-3065dx Laptop Keyboard

This area of near-total destruction includes the communities of Bayou Vista and Jamaica Beach, as well as theGalveston Country Club and the Galveston Island State Park.[citation needed] The affected area previously included some 1,000 structures, including single-family dwellings, commercial enterprises, and hotels and resorts. Compaq Presario CQ42-228LA Laptop Keyboard

It is unknown how many residents may have ignored repeated calls to evacuate, or what became of those who decided to remain in Galveston's vulnerable West End.

Electric power failed in Galveston around 7:45 p.m. CDT.[29] Widespread flooding included downtown Galveston:[3] such as 6-ft (2 m) deep inside the Galveston County Courthouse, DELL Studio 1458 Laptop Keyboard

and the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston was flooded.[3] Five people have died on Galveston Island - two of them drowned and three of them were due to natural causes.[48]

Transfer of survivors: In transferring survivors out of town, Galveston officials planned to use Ball High School, which was being used as a "shelter of last resort" for evacuees, to be a center for FEMA.[12] HP G42-415DX Laptop Keyboard

More than 200 residents had been staying at the school shelter, and hundreds more were eating meals there. Buses were brought in on Sunday to take residents from that shelter, and others who wanted to leave the island, to a shelter in San Antonio.[12]  Compaq 6720s Laptop Keyboard

On the day of landfall, police were stopping travelers at La Marque, 4 miles (6 km) north of Galveston, and making them exit the highway.[32] Interstate 45 at La Marque had been closed because boats and parts of wrecked piers were strewn throughout floodwaters blocking the road.[32] ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard

From a historical perspective, on September 8, 1900, the Great Galveston Hurricane came ashore on a path similar to Ike,[49] bringing with it a storm surge that inundated most of Galveston Island: as a result, much of the city was destroyed and at least 6,000 people were killed in a few hours; afterward, the level of the island was raised an average of 4 ft (1.3 m), adding a high seawall (17-ft, 5.2 m) to block incoming waves. DELL NSK-D8001 Laptop Keyboard

The annual Lone Star Motorcycle Rally, usually held in late October or early November, was rescheduled to December 2008. The economic impact after Ike have affected Galveston businesses - the hardest hit was in the Strand where a few vacant building spaces sit empty. A new promoter for the annual Mardi Gras celebration, Yaga's Entertainment Inc. HP 519265-001 Laptop Keyboard

signed a 5-year contract with the City of Galveston where admission fees are charged on both weekends prior to Fat Tuesday, angering revelers, businessowners, and tourists despite the effects of the late-2000s recession.

In Houston, windows also broke in downtown buildings such as the 75-story JPMorgan Chase Tower,[3] HP Pavilion G7-1167DX Laptop Keyboard

and Reliant Stadium was damaged.[3] According to a witness interviewed by FoxNews, furniture from offices in the JPMorgan Chase building was blown out of the shattered windows and into the parking garage across the street. A fire partially burned Brennan's restaurant in downtown Houston, but workers were rescued. Many trees were uprooted,[3] and bus stop shelters were mangled. The Houston Theater Districtwas flooded.[12]

Although electric power was out in most of the region, the lights remained on at the Texas Medical Center, a complex of about a dozen hospitals.[3] At Memorial Hermann Hospital, patients were coming in with a variety of problems, including people who had run out of medicine or oxygen, or others who had cuts and bruises.[12] IBM Lenovo Thinkpad X301 2779 Laptop Keyboard

Eight deaths have been blamed on Ike in Houston, all of which were indirect in cleanup incidents such as carbon monoxidepoisoning from generators used or fires from light sources while power was out, or accidents involving tree cutting.[52]

Hurricane Ike affected Houston Astros' late dash for Major League Baseball's playoffs, indefinitely postponing Friday and Saturday's games against the Chicago Cubs.[53] HP Probook 4515S Laptop Keyboard

Flights in and out of Houston's two major airports (Bush Intercontinental and Hobby) were suspended on Friday September 12, 2008, with plans to resume on the following Sunday.[3] However, as of Sunday September 14, 2008, Intercontinental remained without power, but both airports planned to re-open Monday with limited service. TOSHIBA Satellite U305-S2812 Laptop Keyboard

Due to large number of destroyed, damaged, or dysfunctional traffic lights, most Houston roads remained clogged two weeks after Ike hit. Many highway exits were jammed and caused a gridlock on highways as well, especially during rush hours. Many gas stations were out of service for a week because of no electricity to pump the gas out of the ground, HP 640436-001 Laptop Keyboard

and few that functioned had long lines and only once a week gasoline deliveries. This "hit and miss" to find gasoline led to the buying out of gasoline once it was delivered. Similarly there were long lines in most of the few open grocery stores, home repair stores, and restaurants. HP 535689-001 Laptop Keyboard

A Valero Energy Corp. spokesman, Bill Day, said that crews would soon get in to inspect the oil refineries in Houston and Texas City, which remained shut down on Saturday, 13 September 2008.[4] Texas City (north of Galveston) was very near to the landfall site of Hurricane Ike. The Mainland Medical Center (off I-45) closed its doors on Saturday (13Sep08) at 4 p.m.  LENOVO IdeaPad S10 20015 Laptop Keyboard

CDT, after water service was unavailable in the area.[11] One death has been reported in Texas City, which was caused by a lack of dialysis treatment due to the storm's aftermath.[48]

The beloved Texas City Dike, a manmade structure extending nearly five miles into the mouth of Galveston Bay, was overtopped and seriously damaged along with all structures built upon it.[HP Pavilion dv4-1050ee laptop keyboard

 The dike, known to locals as "the world's longest manmade fishing pier," had stood for seven decades and was considered Texas City's primary defense against the devastation wrought by a powerful storm surge. An aerial survey late afternoon Sunday, September 14, revealed that the eastern and northern portions of Texas City, as well as San Leon were still substantially flooded. SONY VAIO VGN-N11M/W laptop keyboard

Substantial wind damage appeared to have been sustained by the Texas City Industrial Complex that borders Galveston Bay.

A few businesses, including some gasoline stations, convenience stores and fast food restaurants, were planning to re-open as early as Monday, September 15, 2008. Beginning Sunday, September 14, HP G42-475TU laptop keyboard

the Texas Military Forces began using the city's high school football stadium as a staging and relocation area used by Black Hawk helicopters, which were used to retrieve stranded citizens from Bolivar, Galveston and other area communities. Also on September 14, the Red Cross opened a disaster relief center in Texas City.  HP Pavilion dv6-2030ev laptop keyboard

In League City, TX, the electric power went out, and CenterPoint Energy said it could take four weeks or more to restore power after the largest outage in the company's history.[11] Residents who evacuated were allowed to return on 16 September 2008 and advised to bring back enough food for two weeks; a dusk-until-dawn curfew was in effect.[11] SONY 013-000A-8715-C laptop keyboard

 Two deaths have been reported in League City, both due to natural causes indirectly caused by Ike.

Kemah, Texas, about 35 miles (56 km) south of Houston, was without power and water, and still had 5 feet of flooding on Saturday, 13 September 2008.[4] State Highway 146 was closed at the 2094 intersection. There was a lot of debris on the roads,[55] completely covering some lanes. SONY VAIO VGN-CS13S/W laptop keyboard

Severe damage occurred at the Kemah Boardwalk, the site of many popular restaurants and shops, as well as a small waterfront amusement park with various rides, including a carousel, kiddie train and Ferris wheel overlooking Galveston Bay. The entire first floor of Landry's seafood restaurant was demolished and swept away, as well as those of neighboring structures. SONY KFRMBA220A laptop keyboard

The Boardwalk had received 4 million visitors per year.[56] In an interview on local CBS affiliate KHOU-TV, the Boardwalk manager expressed confidence that despite such unprecedented devastation to the tourist attraction, the site would be rebuilt.

In Seabrook, most homes and businesses east of State Highway 146 (close to Galveston Bay) were flooded by storm surge, which included the Miramar subdivision and "Old Seabrook". TOSHIBA Satellite l20-181 laptop keyboard

Homes along Todville Rd (which parallels Galveston Bay) were washed away, or had their entire bottom floors gutted. State Highway 146 just north of the Kemah Bridge was completely inundated, causing boats and other debris to collect on the highway after the waters subsided. The Seabrook Waterfront district sustained substantial damage. SONY VAIO VGN-NW25GF laptop keyboard

The surge caused boats to float onto or very close to Nasa Road 1.. also destroyed boat docks and businesses along Nasa Road 1 all the way to the Nassau Bay Hilton hotel.

Near Clear Lake, where winds reportedly gusted over 100 mph, many people rode out the storm at the Nassau Bay Hilton, across from the NASA/JSC complex. SONY VAIO VGN-N31Z/W laptop keyboard

The roof of the Mission Control Center of NASA's Johnson Space Center was damaged by Hurricane Ike, but there were no injuries and no major flooding.[57] Along with the roof damage, there were branches and light poles on the ground, with minor damage to buildings and vehicles. Packard Bell Easynote TK85 laptop keyboard

There was also damage to hangars and awnings at NASA's Ellington Field,[57] east of I-45. NASA has its own generators to provide electric power.

Baytown, on the upper portion of Galveson Bay, was affected by the storm surge from Hurricane Ike. Homes in the Lakewood subdivision on the western side of Baytown on the bay sustained major flood damage. SONY VAIO VGN-NW240F laptop keyboard

Many homes were eventually demolished because they were beyond repair.[58] The Bayland Marina on the Waterfront District near Hwy 146 sustained major damage. All boats docked there were lost. Most of the boats were found along Hwy 146 or in the nearby subdivision.[59]Hurricane Ike also caused the temporary shutting down of the Baytown ExxonMobil refinery. ASUS X71 laptop keyboard

Like most of East Texas, the Beaumont and Port Arthur areas received winds at hurricane force. Ike's storm surge threatened the Port Arthur levees, and penetrated far enough inland to contaminate the water supply for Beaumont with salt water.

Hardest hit were rural areas of Jefferson County, including the unincorporated communities of LaBelle and Fannett.[61] HP Pavilion dv3-2320es laptop keyboard

As of Sept 18, 4000 head of cattle were estimated dead, drowned by floods in the county, both from rain, and storm surge.[62]

One fatality has been reported in extreme Southeast Texas related to Ike. It was as a result of a generator fire when power was out.[63] SONY VAIO VGN-NR21E/S laptop keyboard

Despite official assurances that this was the only Ike-related death in the area, rumors spread that large numbers of people died during the storm. This was fueled by the presence of refrigerated trailers outside a Beaumont funeral home. The funeral home had lost electrical service and was using the trailers to store bodies of people who died of natural causes until burials could be arranged.SONY VAIO VGN-FS742/W laptop keyboard

Damage was widespread and severe across Orange County. Storm surge almost completely flooded Bridge City, breached the levee at the City of Orange, and travelled up the Neches River to flood Rose City.

The City of Orange received winds at hurricane force. Mayor Brown Claybar estimated about a third of the city of 19,000 people was flooded, SONY VAIO VGN-FS215Z laptop keyboard

anywhere from 6 inches (15 cm) to 6 feet (2 m).[12] He said about 375 people, of those who stayed behind during the storm, began to emerge, some needing food, water and medical care.[12] Many dead fish littered streets and properties.[65]

Bridge City Mayor Kirk Roccaforte estimated that only 14 homes in the city were unaffected by the surge. TOSHIBA Tecra M10-S3454 laptop keyboard

5 of which were in the Oakview addition on Louise Street. The piles of debris and waterlogged furniture placed outside homes by residents beginning to clean up led the mayor to say "The whole city looks like a flea market.[66] During the post-storm cleanup, Bridge City residents found swimming pools had been occupied by jellyfish brought inland with the water.[67] SONY VAIO VGN-N38Z/W laptop keyboard

Three people were found dead in Orange County on September 29.

Corpus Christi, TX received winds at tropical-storm force. Near Corpus Christi, a man was reportedly swept away; he is presumed dead. The Coast Guard searched for his body after the storm has passed.[69] DELL NSK-DB301 laptop keyboard

Wal-Mart Stores Inc. reopened 7 stores in the Corpus Christi area on Saturday, 13 September 2008.

One death was confirmed to have been Ike-related as a tree fell onto a boy in Montgomery County while being cut in preparation for

the storm,[70] and another person was killed not far away from a fallen tree during the storm.[71] SONY KFRMBA221A laptop keyboard

After the storm, another tree-cutting accident involving a damaged tree killed another young boy in Montgomery County,[52] and a cleanup accident involving a truck resulted in a fourth death in the county.[72] Another fallen tree in Huntsville resulted in a fatality after it crashed into a house.[73] GATEWAY V030946FS1 US laptop keyboard

 In Anahuac, one person was electrocuted in the preparations, and one person was killed by a house fire while without power in Walker County.[48] On Goat Island, there were reports of a herd of cattle[12] and other livestock that survived the storm, although it was unclear from where they had arrived onto the narrow sandbar.[ HP Pavilion DV7-3183cl laptop keyboard

Also in San Leon, three members of a family that had opted to ride out the storm were still missing as of midnight, Monday, September 15, 2008.One person in San Leon drowned.[48]

The storm brought to San Leon a large herd of parrots which have nested between a number of the power transformers and the power poles along Bayview Drive near the county park. SONY VAIO VGN-AR320E laptop keyboard

The noise from these birds can be heard throughout the park. Several roofing companies have experienced these parrots making threatening passes at their workers while trying to make repairs on the roofs in the community.

Tiki Island, a low-lying waterfront community bordered by North Bay and West Bay along Interstate Highway 45, SONY VAIO VGN-FS515B laptop keyboard

sustained extensive water damage, but most of the structures remained intact.

The neighborhood of Bayou Vista, just north of Tiki Island at the intersection of IH-45, State Highway 6 and State Highways 3 and 146, was substantially damaged.  SONY KFRMBA220A laptop keyboard

The bayfront community of Virginia Point, on the other side of the Bay from Galveston Island, was swept away.  ASUS F83 laptop keyboard,HP Pavilion G6-1227TU laptop keyboard, TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7335 laptop keyboard

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