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The present PDX site was purchased by the Portland City Council in 1936. It was 700 acres (280 ha) bordered by the Columbia River in the north and the Columbia Slough in the south. The city council issued US$300,000 and asked the Port of Portland to sponsor a US$1.3 million Works Progress Administration (WPA) grant to develop the site into a "super airport". APPLE 15" Macbook Pro Unibody CPU Fan

The project provided badly needed Great Depression-era jobs and was completed in 1940.[19] The airport was designated Portland-Columbia Airport to distinguish it from then-operating Swan Island Airport.

During World War II the airfield was used by the United States Army Air Forces. Gateway 6020GZ CPU Fan

The "super airport" had a terminal on the north side, off Marine Drive, and five runways (NE-SW, NW-SE, and an E-W runway forming an asterisk). This configuration was adequate until a new terminal and a longer, 8,800-foot (2,700 m) east-west runway were constructed in 1952. Airport diagrams for 1955 and1965. Toshiba Satellite Pro M30-891 CPU Fan

In 1948 the entire airport grounds were flooded during the Vanport Flood, forcing scheduled airline services to reroute to nearby Troutdale Airport. The grounds were under water for several months.

A new terminal opened in 1959, which for the most part serves as the present facility.[20] The new terminal is located to the east of the original runways, and north of the then-new 8,800 ft. runway. Toshiba Satellite Pro M30-782 CPU Fan

Construction of a second east-west runway to the north made this a midfield terminal. At this point, all but the NE-SW (3/21) runway in the original "X" were abandoned and turned into taxiways. 3/21 was extended for use as a cross-wind runway. "International" was added to the airport's official designation after the 1950s-era improvements. HP Pavilion dv5-1050eo CPU Fan

Plans made in 1968 to add a third runway by means of filling in parts of the Columbia River were met with vocal public opposition and scrapped. The airport switched from screening passengers at individual gates to screening all visitors at concourse entrances in 1973 as new FAA regulations went into effect.[21] SONY VGN-SZ220 CPU Fan

In 1974 the south runway was extended to 11,000 feet (3,400 m) to service the newest jumbo jets. The terminal building was renovated and expanded in 1977.[20]

By the 1980s, the terminal building began an extensive renovation in order to update PDX to meet future needs. Dell Studio XPS 1645 CPU Fan

The ticketing and baggage claim areas were renovated and expanded, and a new Concourse D for Alaska Airlines was added in 1986.[22]Concourse E was first to be reconstructed in 1992, and featured PDX's first moving sidewalks.[20] The Oregon Marketplace, a small shopping mall, was added in the former waiting areas behind the ticket counters. ACER eMachines 7230 CPU Fan

The early 1990s saw a food court and extension added to Concourse C, and the opening of the new Concourse D in 1994.[20] This marked the first concessions inside secured areas, allowing passengers to purchase items without having to be re-screened.

An expanded parking garage, new control tower, and canopy over the curbside were finished in the late 1990s. DELL Latitude E4300 CPU Fan

Although hailed by architectural critics, the canopy blocked views of Mount Hood from the curbside. On July 31, 1997, during construction, the garage addition collapsed due to inadequate bolts holding girders together and inadequate securing of structural members, killing three steelworkers.[23] SONY Vaio VGN-A29LP CPU Fan

The present H-shape of the PDX terminal, designed by Zimmer Gunsul Frasca Partnership,[24] was completed on September 10, 2001 when the new A, B and C concourses, as well as the light rail line, were finished. Probably the most stunning portion of PDX's interior, the new concourses reflect a Northwest theme, focusing heavily on the nearby Columbia river. HP Pavilion dv7t-6100 CTO CPU Fan

A huge celebration was to be held the following weekend, but the events of September 11, 2001 interceded. The new concourses, designed to be public spaces, were closed to non-passengers.

In August 2005, the concourse connector was opened.[25] This is a long hallway on the secure side of the airport that connects the A, B, and C concourses to the D and E concourses on the other side of the airport. HP Pavilion dv7-3163cl CPU Fan

If there is a long line at the checkpoint at one end of the airport, passengers may use the other checkpoint and walk through the connector to their desired concourse.

The April 1957 OAG shows 38 United departures a day, 10 West Coast, 8 Northwest and 6 Western. Alaska had four a week and Pacific Northern had three; HP Pavilion dv7-4140ed CPU Fan

Pan Am and Northwest both flew SEA-PDX-HNL and back, Pan Am with 5 DC-7C round trips a week and Northwest with four DC-6Bs. Portland's first jets were Pan Am 707-321s about October 1959.In 1966 PDX had nonstop flights to SLC, DEN, ORD and no other cities farther east than Boise; in 1977 nonstops reached LAS-PHX-DEN-DFW-ORD and no others east of Boise. In 1967 United started PDX's first transcon nonstop, to JFK; it ended in 1973. Compaq Presario CQ60-155ep CPU Fan

In the 1980s Air California had nonstop flights to Seattle, Reno and the Bay Area; PSA (Pacific Southwest Airlines) had nonstops to San Francisco and one or two to Reno and Sacramento. In 2010 Northwest's former Honolulu service was eliminated by Delta altogether.

The first international nonstop was Western's 720B to Vancouver in 1967; HP Mini 110-3000sd CPU Fan

that may have been PDX's only international nonstop until Delta started Tokyo almost twenty years later.

Delta Air Lines used Portland as a gateway in the 1990s for extensive service to Asia with its MD-11 aircraft, until the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis. International travel decreased even further due to complaints about treatment at the immigration facility in Portland, Compaq Presario CQ60-155ep CPU Fan

leading it to be nicknamed "DePortland".[27][28] The combination of these factors caused Delta to discontinue what was then the last direct flight from PDX to Tokyo's Narita International Airport (NRT) and Nagoya in March 2001.[29] This change brought local media scrutiny, which, when combined with the resulting Congressional pressure, caused those in charge[who?] of the immigration facility to address the problems.[ SONY Vaio VPC-EA46FM/B CPU Fan

Delta resumed a Narita nonstop service in 2009 as part of its acquisition of Northwest.

Meanwhile, local travel businesses had begun recruiting other carriers. Lufthansa started direct flights to Frankfurt, Germany, on March 31, 2003.[30] However, in September 2009, Lufthansa indefinitely suspended the Portland-Frankfurt route citing lack of profitability.[31] Toshiba Satellite L500-1XL CPU Fan

Northwest Airlines introduced non stop flights to Tokyo (Narita Airport) on June 10, 2004.[32] Mexicana Airlines also introduced service to Guadalajara, Mexico and Mexico City. After 5 years of service between PDX and Mexico, the service was cancelled by Mexicana Airlines on May 2, 2008, due to high fuel prices and change in demand. HP Mini 110-3000sd CPU Fan

This change left Alaska Airlines as the only airline with nonstop services to Mexico, but ended all service from Portland to Mexico in 2010.[33] Northwest Airlines announced on October 9, 2007 the expansion of international service with new A330 nonstop service to Amsterdam that began on March 29, 2008. HP Pavilion dv7-3162nr CPU Fan

Though at one time reported to continue to Mumbai by Delta beginning June, 2009, the Amsterdam service was instead reduced that year to a Northwest-operated Delta-flown 767-300.[34][35] The service has since been upgraded back to an A330-200.

The airport's international service was also featured on The Amazing Race 13 as the arrival airport after all three teams that were in the race arrived on Lufthansa from Frankfurt. HP 480481-001 CPU Fan

Lufthansa ended its service to Frankfurt on September 12, 2009.[36]

Air Canada operated daily nonstop service between PDX and Toronto which began June 2010 and ended in 2012 caused by a lack of passengers.[37]

Delta Air Lines announced that it will keep its nonstop flights to Amsterdam and Tokyo, the latter requiring a direct transfer of $3.5 million, to Delta, HP 622029-001 CPU Fan

by thePort of Portland to subsidize the route.[38] Also, the airline is eyeing a possibility of a nonstop flight to Paris.[39]

The airport is also pushing for flights to Mexico City, and hopes to eventually have nonstop flights to China.

Although plans have been studied to replace or relieve PDX traffic, planners prefer expansionToshiba Satellite L555-12P CPU Fan

Salem, Oregon'sMcNary Field (SLE) and the Port of Portland's Hillsboro Airport (HIO) in Washington County have been suggested as future relievers. Between 1993 and 2007, Salem's airport had no scheduled airline flights. With resumption of commercial flights on June 7, 2007, the airport has planned terminal improvements using a preconstructed modular building.[41] HP GB0507PGV1-A CPU Fan

However, these flights have since been canceled.[42]

Portland International Airport's south runway reopened in October 2011 after being rebuilt over the 2011 summer. The South Runway Reconstruction Project was the final phase of a three-year tarmac improvement program. HP Pavilion dv7-1135nr CPU Fan

The first two years focused on the north runway, with a rehabilitation of the surface and an extension to each end so it could replace the south runway during rebuilding.

The project was completed on time and under budget. As the Portland airport's longest, the south runway had seen routine maintenance and rehabilitation over the years, Dell Latitude E6510 CPU Fan

and the wear and tear of aircraft landings had deteriorated the pavement joints and subsurface base. The project team chose to rebuild it; pavement materials were evaluated and an all-concrete surface was chosen. With a pavement design life of 40 years, construction-related aircraft noise impacts on neighborhoods will be lessened in the future. DELL DC280005FF0 CPU Fan

The new concrete is 19 inches thick and used an estimated 180,000 square yards of materials—enough to pave a two-lane road for about 26 miles. The old asphalt runway, which was excavated in spring 2011, was completely recycled.

Portland Air National Guard Base is a United States Air Force base, located at Portland International Airport, Oregon. It is located 5.5 miles (8.9 km) northeast of Portland, Oregon. HP KSB0605HB CPU Fan

The base is the home of the 142d Fighter Wing, Oregon Air National Guard. The 142d FW participates around the globe supporting drug interdiction, USAFE air defense, as well as contingency operations such as Operations Noble Eagle, Enduring Freedom, and Iraqi Freedom. To complete these missions, four groups are assigned to the 142nd Fighter Wing: HP 580696-001 CPU Fan

142nd Maintenance Group, 142nd Operations Group, 142nd Mission Support Group and the 142nd Medical Group.

The base's history begins in 1936 when Works Progress Administration (WPA) funding allowed the City of Portland to purchase 700 acres of land along the Columbia River and bordering the Columbia Slough for a "Super Airport.", to replace an earlier faculty established in 1926. HP Pavilion dv7-4014eo CPU Fan

On 1 July 1940 the GHQ Air Force Northwest Air District established a small depot to provide service for military aircraft using the airport. The 57th Service Squadron moved to the airport from Hamilton Field, California on 31 March 1941, the Air Corps facilities being designated Portland Army Air BaseDELL Studio 1555 CPU Fan

Due to tensions between the United States and the Japanese Empire, the Oregon National Guard, sent its 123d Observation Squadron with North American O-47s to conduct patrols over the Columbia River approaches and the Oregon Pacific Ocean coastline.

The initial Air Corps use of the base was when Northwest Air District moved the 55th Pursuit Group (Interceptor) to the new base in late May 1941 from Hamilton Field. HP G62-339WM CPU Fan

Three squadrons of P-43 Lancers (the predecessor to theRepublic P-47 Thunderbolt) operated from the base. Portland AAB was also used as a transport field, with the 64th Transport Group at March Field, California stationing its 16th Transport Squadron at the base in July 1941 with C-47s. Later, during World War II, the base was a very active air transport center handling about 47 military transport landings a day. HP Pavilion dv5-1145ev CPU Fan

After the Pearl Harbor Attack, the 17th Bombardment Group at Pendleton Airport sent the B-25 Mitchell-equipped 34th Bombardment Squadron (as part of the Sierra Bombardment Group) to conduct antisubmarine and coastal patrols along the Pacific Coast. The P-43s from the 55th PG also flew reconnaissance missions until February 1942 when they were moved to Paine Field, HP F787 CPU Fan

Washington (although two of the squadrons had been dispersed to various fields in the Pacific Northwest right after the attack).

The 42d Bombardment Group used Portland for a B-25 Mitchell training base early in the war. Its 75th Bombardment Squadron moved to the field in January 1942, and until March trained B-25 combat crews. HP Pavilion dv7-3155eb CPU Fan

The squadron itself was deployed to New Caledonia in April and entered combat in June of that year.

The 28th Composite Group at Elmendorf Field, Alaska Territory stationed its 406th Bombardment Squadron at Portland during the summer and fall of 1942 as a B-25 OTU. Pilots and crews were then deployed to the Aleutian Campaign. DELL Studio 1458 CPU Fan

The squadron moved to Alaska in November to engage the Japanese in combat, after the end of the campaign in October 1943, it returned briefly to Portland in October 1943 for re-equipping with new B-25s from North American before again deploying to RAF Alconbury, England. The 47th Bombardment Squadron (41st Bombardment Group) also received B-25s at Portland prior to its deployment to the Pacific Theater atTarawa. Toshiba Satellite A505-S6970 CPU Fan

In late 1943, IV Fighter Command established a third-phase fighter training program at Portland, to finish training of squadrons after their initial formation. The 354th Fighter Group moved to field in October 1943, and flew P-39 Aircobras for about a month before deploying to England. HP Pavilion dv6-3090si CPU Fan

The 354th, however was the only combat unit to train at Portland, with Fourth Air Force converting the field to a replacement training field. The 372d Fighter Group was assigned to Portland in November 1943, and performed the RTU mission with three squadrons of P-39s until March 1944. It was reassigned to Third Air Force in Louisiana in April 1944. HP G60-215EM CPU Fan

With the departure of the fighter RTU in April 1944, Portland Army Air Base returned to its transport mission for the remainder of the war, being operated jointly with the civilian airport. It was inactivated in 1946.

In 1947, the Tactical Air Command (TAC) re-established a United States Air Force presence at Portland Airport, Portland Air Force Base being activated as a joint military/civil facility. Toshiba Satellite A100-011 CPU Fan

The Air Force Reserve 349th Troop Carrier Group at Hamilton AFB, California began deploying C-46 Commando transports of several troop carrier squadrons to the airport under the TAC Twelfth Reserve Area. In 1949, the USAFR 403d Troop Carrier Wing, Medium, was stationed at the airport. In 1952, the 406th deployed to Far East Air Forces in Japan for Korean War duty.DELL XPS M1210 CPU Fan

It returned to Portland in 1953 and remained until 1947, flying C-119 Flying Boxcars until being moved toSelfridge AFB, Michigan.

In March 1948, Air Defense Command (ADC) activated the an AN/TPS-1B radar at Portland Airport. It was installed and activated on a 24-hour-a-day basis in March 1948 as an 'Interim' site to protect the air approaches to Hanford, Washington.  HP G62-120SL CPU Fan

HP Pavilion dv6-2117eo CPU Fan

In August 1950, the site was incorporated into the 'Lashup' system, given designation "L-33". In 1951 the AN/TPS-1B search radar was joined by an AN/CPS-5 search radar. Operations ceased in February 1952 with the activation of site "P-12" at North Bend AFS in southern Oregon.

In 1952 jurisdiction of Portland AFB was transferred from TAC to Air Defense Command. Toshiba Satellite L305D-S5950 CPU Fan

ADC activated the 503d Air Defense Group on 1 February 1952. The 503d ADG controlled the F-94 Starfire 497th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron and the F-86D Sabre 357th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron from the base. In 1955, the group was re-designated as the 357th Fighter Group. The 357th remained at Portland, controlling several interceptor squadrons until 30 March 1966 when ADC inactivated the base. SONY Vaio VGN-BZ11MN CPU Fan

The 142d Fighter Group was activated at Portland on 1 March 1951. The Group being allocated to the Oregon ANG on 24 May 1946, being re-designated from the World War II 371st Fighter Group.

After Air Defense Command closed its facilities in 1966, Portland AFB was inactivated and the military facilities were reduced in size. SONY Vaio VGN-TX91S CPU Fan

The 142nd Fighter Interceptor Group became the host unit of the military facilities at Portland International Airport. Around 1990, the Air Force facilities were designated asPortland Air Reserve Station, being a secure facility on the south side of the main airport runway and remaining a very active presence at the airport. Toshiba Satellite A100-849 CPU Fan

Following a major overhaul of the USAF organizational structure in 1992, the 142d was redesignated as the 142d Fighter Wing (142 FW) and became an Air National Guard unit operationally-gained by the Air Combat Command (ACC).

In addition to the Oregon Air National Guard, the facility also hosted the 939th Rescue Wing (939 RQW) of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC), Gateway MT6400 CPU Fan

equipped withHC-130 and HH-60 combat search and rescue (CSAR) aircraft. In 2000, the 939 RQW began to divest itself of the CSAR mission, transitioning to the KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft and being redesignated as the 939th Air Refueling Wing (939 ARW).

BRAC 2005 brought the F-15C/D to the 142 FW, replacing its early 1970s A/B model Eagles, as well as directing the inactivation of the 939 ARW by 2008. Toshiba Satellite A100-849 CPU Fan

The BRACcommission retained the 142 FW's Expeditionary Combat Support elements at the installation, to be renamed Portland Air National Guard Base, along with the 244th and 272d Combat Communications Squadrons (ANG), and the 304th Rescue Squadron (AFRC), the 304th to be a geographically separated unit (GSU) of the Air Force Reserve Command's 920th Rescue Wing in Florida. Dell Vostro 3350 CPU Fan

The McDonnell F-101 Voodoo was a supersonic jet fighter which served the United States Air Force (USAF) and the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). Initially designed by McDonnell Aircraft as a long-range bomber escort(known as a penetration fighter) for the Strategic Air Command (SAC), ACER Aspire 4733 CPU Fan

the Voodoo was instead developed as a nuclear-armed fighter-bomber for the Tactical Air Command (TAC), and as a photo reconnaissance aircraft based on the same airframe. Extensively modified versions were produced as an all-weather interceptor aircraft, serving with the Air Defense Command, ACER Aspire 3003LCi CPU Fan

later renamed the Aerospace Defense Command (ADC), the Air National Guard, theRoyal Canadian Air Force and the unified Canadian Forces after 1968.

The Voodoo's career as a fighter-bomber was relatively brief, but the reconnaissance versions served for some time. Along with the US Air Force's U-2 and US Navy's RF-8 Crusaders, HP Pavilion dv7-6187cl CPU Fan

the RF-101 reconnaissance variant of the Voodoo was instrumental during the Cuban Missile Crisis and saw extensive service during the Vietnam War.[3] Interceptor versions served with the Air National Guard until 1982, and in Canadian service they were a front line part of NORAD until their replacement with theMcDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet in the 1980s. HP Pavilion dv7-1128ca CPU Fan

While the Voodoo was a moderate success, it may have been more important as an evolutionary step towards its replacement in most roles, the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, one of the most successful Western fighter designs of the 1960s. The Phantom would retain the twin engines, twin crew for interception duties, HP Pavilion dv6-3216us CPU Fan

and a tail mounted well above and behind the jet exhaust but was an evolution of the F3H Demon while the Voodoo was developed from the earlier XF-88 Voodoo.

Initial design on what would eventually become the Voodoo began just after World War II in response to a USAAF Penetration Fighter Competition in 1946 for a long-range high performance fighter to escort bombers, HP Pavilion dv6565el CPU Fan

much as the P-51 Mustang had done in its time. After being awarded a contract (AC-14582) on 14 February 1947, McDonnell built two prototypes, designated the XF-88 Voodoo.[4] The first prototype (serial number 46-6525), powered by two 3,000 lbf (13.3 kN)Westinghouse XJ34-WE-13 turbojets, flew from Muroc on 20 October 1948.[5] DELL Latitude E6410 CPU Fan

Preliminary testing revealed that while handling and range was adequate, the top speed was a disappointing 641 mph (1,032 km/h) at sea level.[6] After fitting McDonnell-designed afterburners to the second prototype, thrust was increased to 3,600 lbf (16.1 kN) with corresponding performance increases in top speed, initial rate of climb and reduced takeoff distance. HP Pavilion dv6-2066dx CPU Fan

Fuel consumption was greatly increased by use of the afterburners, however, reducing the range.[5]

Although the XF-88 won the "fly-off" competition against the competing Lockheed XF-90 and North American YF-93, the detonation of the first nuclear weapon by the Soviet Union resulted in the USAF (created in 1947) reevaluating its fighter needs, HP 610777-001 CPU Fan

with interceptors being more important and bomber escorts being of reduced priority, and it terminated the Penetration Fighter program in 1950.[7] Analysis of Korean war missions, however, revealed that contemporary USAF strategic bombers were vulnerable to fighter interception. In 1951, Samsung MCF-913PAM05-40 CPU Fan

the USAF issued a new requirement for a bomber escort with all major US manufacturers submitting designs. The McDonnell design was a larger and higher powered version of the XF-88, and won the bid in May 1951. The F-88 was redesignated the F-101 Voodoo in November 1951. HP Pavilion dv7-2140eo CPU Fan

The new design was considerably larger, carrying three times the initial fuel load and designed around larger, more powerful Pratt & Whitney J57 turbojets.[9]The greater dimensions of the J57 engines required modifications to the engine bays, and modification to the intakes to allow a larger amount of airflow to the engine. HP Envy 15-1060ea CPU Fan

The new intake also was designed to be more efficient at higher Mach numbers. In order to increase aerodynamic efficiency, reduce structural weight and alleviate "pitch-up" phenomena recently identified in flight testing of the D-558-2, an aircraft with a control surface configuration similar to the XF-88, the horizontal tail was relocated to the top of the vertical stabilizer, HP Pavilion dv4-2140us CPU Fan

giving the F-101 its signature "T-tail". In late 1952, the mission of the F-101 was changed from "penetration fighter" to "strategic fighter", which entailed equal emphasis on both the bomber escort mission and on nuclear weapons delivery. The new Voodoo mock-up with the reconfigured inlets, tail surfaces, COMPAQ Presario F500 CPU Fan

landing gear, and dummy nuclear weapon was inspected by Air Force officials in March 1953.[10] The design was approved, and an initial order for 29 F-101As was placed on 28 May 1953, no prototypes being required as the F-101 was considered a simple development of the XF-88,[11] with the Cook-Cragie production policy, HP Pavilion dv2310ca CPU Fan

in which initial low-rate production would be used for testing without the use of separate prototypes, chosen instead.

F-101A serial number 53-2418 was the first production aircraft; its maiden flight was on 29 September 1954 at Edwards AFBwhere it reached Mach 0.9 at 35,000 feet (10,670 m)[14] This aircraft, which is privately owned, has been moved to the Evergreen Maintenance Center in Marana, Compaq Presario C554US CPU Fan

Arizona to undergo restoration for display at the Evergreen Aviation & Space Museumin McMinnville, Oregon. It was previously on display at the Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum.

The end of the war in Korea and the development of the jet-powered B-52 negated the need for fighter escort and Strategic Air Command withdrew from the program. HP Pavilion dv9660ef CPU Fan

Despite SAC's loss of interest, the aircraft attracted the attention of Tactical Air Command (TAC), and the F-101 was reconfigured as a fighter bomber, intended to carry a single nuclear weapon for use against tactical targets such as airfields. With the support of TAC, testing was resumed, with Category II flight tests beginning in early 1955. SONY UDQF2PH05-AS CPU Fan

A number of problems were identified during development, with many of these fixed. The aircraft had a dangerous tendency toward severe pitch-up at high angle of attack that was never entirely solved.[15] Around 2,300 improvements were made to the aircraft in 1955–56 before full production was resumed in November 1956. SONY Vaio VGN-A17CP CPU Fan

The first F-101A was delivered on 2 May 1957 to the 27th Strategic Fighter Wing, which transferred to TAC in July that year,[12] replacing their F-84F Thunderstreak. The F-101A was powered by two Pratt & Whitney J57-P-13 turbojets,[11] allowing good acceleration, climb-performance, ease in penetrating the sound barrier in level flight, and a maximum performance ofMach 1.52.Toshiba G20 CPU Fan

The F-101's large internal fuel capacity allowed a range of approximately 3,000 mi (4,828 km) nonstop.[16] The aircraft was fitted with an MA-7 fire-control radar for both air-to-air and air-to-ground use, augmented by a Low Altitude Bombing System (LABS) system for delivering nuclear weapons,[11] and was designed to carry a Mk 28 nuclear bomb. DELL Vostro 1510 CPU Fan

The original intended payload for the F-101A was the McDonnell Model 96 store, a large fuel/weapons pod similar in concept to that of theConvair B-58 Hustler, but was cancelled in March 1956 before the F-101 entered service. Other operational nuclear payloads included the Mk 7, Mk 43, and Mk 57 weapons. ACER Aspire One A150-1249 CPU Fan

While theoretically capable of carrying conventional bombs, rockets, or Falcon air-to-air missiles,[17] the Voodoo never used such weapons operationally.[18] It was fitted with four 20mm M39 cannon, with one cannon often removed in service to make room for a TACAN beacon-receiver. HP Pavilion dv9766ez CPU Fan

The F-101 set a number of speed records, including: a JF-101A (the ninth F-101A modified as a testbed for the more powerful J-57-P-53 engines of the F-101B) setting a world speed record of 1,207.6 mph (1,943.4 km/h) on 12 December 1957 during "Operation Firewall",[19] beating the previous record of 1,132 mph (1,811 km/h) set by the Fairey Delta 2 in March the previous year. Dell Vostro 3400 CPU Fan

The record was then subsequently taken in May 1958 by a Lockheed F-104 Starfighter. On 27 November 1957, during "Operation Sun Run," an RF-101C set the Los Angeles-New York-Los Angeles record in 6 hours 46 minutes, the New York to Los Angeles record in 3 hours, 36 minutes, and the Los Angeles to New York record in 3 hours 7 minutes.[20] SONY Vaio VGN-SZ4MRN/B CPU Fan

A total of 77 F-101As were built. They were gradually withdrawn from service starting in 1966.[21] Twenty-nine survivors were converted to RF-101Gspecifications with a modified nose, housing reconnaissance cameras in place of cannons and radar. These served with the Air National Guard through 1972. DELL Inspiron 1720 CPU Fan

In October 1953, the USAF requested that two F-101As be built as prototype YRF-101A tactical reconnaissance aircraft. These were followed by 35 RF-101A production aircraft.[23] The RF-101A shared the airframe of the F-101A, including its 6.33 g(62 m/s²) limit, but replaced the radar and cannons with up to six cameras in the reshaped nose.[24] ASUS BFB0705HA CPU Fan

Like all other models of the F-101, it had provision for both flying boom and probe-and-drogue in-flight refueling capability, as well as for a buddy tank that allowed it to refuel other aircraft.[17] It entered service in May 1957,[25] replacing the RB-57 Canberra.

USAF RF-101As from the 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing at Shaw AFB, SC flew reconnaissance sorties over Cuba during theCuban Missile Crisis in October 1962.[3] HP G56-106EA CPU Fan

In October 1959, eight RF-101As were transferred to Taiwan, which used them for overflights of the Chinese mainland. These ROCAF RF-101A with modified C-model vertical fins with air intake. The intake is used to cool the drag chute compartment and eliminates the 5-minute limit on using the afterburners on the A model.[26] Two were reportedly shot down. HP Pavilion dv7-4150ec CPU Fan

The F-101A fighter-bomber had been accepted into Tactical Air Command (TAC) service despite a number of problems. Among others, its airframe had proven to be capable of withstanding only 6.33 g (62 m/s²) maneuvers, rather than the intended 7.33 g (72 m/s²).[27] An improved model, the F-101C, was introduced in 1957. HP Pavilion dv5-1102tu CPU Fan

It had a 500 lb (227 kg) heavier structure to allow 7.33-g maneuvers as well as a revised fuel system to increase the maximum flight time in afterburner.[28] Like the F-101A it was also fitted with an underfuselage pylon for carrying atomic weapons, as well as two hardpoints for 450-gallon drop tanks.[17] A total of 47 were produced. SONY VGN-SZ220 CPU Fan

Originally serving with the 27th Tactical Fighter Wing at Bergstrom AFB, Texas, the aircraft were transferred in 1958 from TAC to the 81st Tactical Fighter Wing, part of United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) which operated three squadrons from the twin RAF air stations Bentwaters & Woodbridge. HP Pavilion dv7-6011tx CPU Fan

The 78th Tactical Fighter Squadron was stationed at Woodbridge, while the 91st and 92nd were stationed at Bentwaters. The 81st TFW served as a strategic nuclear deterrent force, the Voodoo's long range putting almost all of the Warsaw Pact countries, and targets up to 500 miles deep into the Soviet Union within reach. HP Pavilion dv5-1040eb CPU Fan

Both the A and C model aircraft were assigned to the 81st TFW, and were used interchangeably within the three squadrons. Operational F-101A/C were upgraded in service with Low Angle Drogued Delivery (LADD) and Low Altitude Bombing System (LABS) equipment for its primary mission of delivering nuclear weapons at extremely low altitudes. ASUS F3Jv CPU Fan

Pilots were trained for high speed, low level missions into Soviet or Eastern Bloc territory, with primary targets being airfields. These missions were expected to be one-way, with the pilots having to eject behind Soviet lines.[28]

The F-101C never saw combat and was replaced in 1966 with the F-4C Phantom II.[12] IBM ThinkPad R50p 2887 CPU Fan

Thirty-two aircraft were later converted for unarmed reconnaissance use under the RF-101H designation. They served with Air National Guard units until 1972.

Using the reinforced airframe of the F-101C, the RF-101C first flew on 12 July 1957,[12] entering service in 1958. SONY VGN-CS36GJ/R CPU Fan

Like the RF-101A, the RF-101C had up to six cameras in place of radar and cannons in the reshaped nose and retained the bombing ability of the fighter-bomber versions. 166 RF-101Cs were built, including 96 originally scheduled to be F-101C fighter-bombers.[24]

The 1964 Project "Toy Tiger" fitted some RF-101C with a new camera package and a centerline pod for photo-flash cartridges.Toshiba Satellite A215-S4807 CPU Fan

Some were further upgraded under the Mod 1181 program with automatic control for the cameras.

The RF-101C saw service during the Cuban Missile Crisis and soon followed the North American F-100 Super Sabres in October 1961, into combat when RF-101s from the 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing deployed to Vietnam. Toshiba Satellite Pro M10-SP405 CPU Fan

The RF-101C was deployed operationally during the Vietnam War, sustaining losses with the first F-101 being lost in November 1964 to ground fire. From 1965 through November 1970, its role was gradually taken over by the RF-4C Phantom II. In some 35,000 sorties, 39 aircraft were lost, 33 in combat,[ HP Pavilion dv4-1120us CPU Fan

including five to SAMs, one to an airfield attack, and one in air combat to a MiG-21 in September 1967. The RF-101C's speed made it largely immune to MiG interception. 27 of the combat losses occurred on reconnaissance missions over North Vietnam. In April 1967, ALQ-71 ECM pods were fitted to provide some protection against SAMs. Compaq Presario C550EM CPU Fan

Although the Voodoo was again able to operate at medium altitudes, the added drag and weight decreased the speed enough to make RF-101 vulnerable to the maneuverable (and cannon-equipped) MiGs and thus requiring fighter escort.

On 27 November 1957 during Operation Sun Run, an RF-101C piloted by then-Captain Robert Sweet set theToshiba Qosmio E15-AV101 CPU Fan

Los Angeles-New York-Los Angeles record in 6 hours 46 minutes, and the New York to Los Angeles record in 3 hours, 36 minutes. Another RF-101C, piloted by then-Lieutenant Gustav Klatt, set the Los Angeles to New York record in 3 hours 7 minutes.[20]

After withdrawal from Vietnam, the RF-101C continued to serve with USAF units through 1979. Toshiba Satellite L645D-S4056 CPU Fan

In service, the RF-101C was nicknamed the "Long Bird;" it was the only version of the Voodoo to see combat.

In the late 1940s, the Air Force had started a research project into future interceptor aircraft that eventually settled on an advanced specification known as the 1954 interceptor. Contracts for this specification eventually resulted in the selection of the F-102 Delta Dagger, Toshiba Satellite A305-S6837 CPU Fan

but by 1952 it was becoming clear that none of the parts of the specification other than the airframe would be ready by 1954; the engines, weapons and fire control systems were all going to take too long to get into service. An effort was then started to quickly produce an interim supersonic design to replace the various subsonic interceptors then in service, and the F-101 airframe was selected as a starting point.[32] HP Pavilion dv7-4087cl CPU Fan

Although McDonnell proposed the designation F-109 for the new aircraft (which was to be a substantial departure from the basic Voodoo),[33] the USAF assigned the designation F-101B. It was first deployed into service on January 5, 1959, with the60th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron.[34] The production ended in March 1961.[2] HP Pavilion dv5-1118es CPU Fan

The Voodoo featured a modified cockpit to carry a crew of two, with a larger and more rounded forward fuselage to hold the Hughes MG-13 fire control radar of the F-102. It had data link to the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system, allowing ground controllers to steer the aircraft towards its targets by making adjustments through the plane's autopilot. Toshiba Satellite A665-S6050 CPU Fan

The F-101B had more powerful Pratt & Whitney J57-P-55 engines, making it the only Voodoo not using the -13 engines. The new engines featured a substantially longer afterburner than J57-P-13s. To avoid a major redesign, the extended afterburners were simply allowed to extend out of the fuselage by almost 8 ft (2.4 m). HP Pavilion G72-259WM CPU Fan

The more powerful engines and aerodynamic refinements allowed an increased speed of Mach 1.85.[17]

The F-101B was stripped of the four M39 cannons and carried four AIM-4 Falcon air-to-air missiles instead, arranged two apiece on a rotating pallet in the fuselage weapons bay.[17] HP Pavilion dv6-3109ca  CPU  Fan

The initial load was two GAR-1 (AIM-4A) semi-active radar homingand two GAR-2 (AIM-4B) infrared-guided weapons with one of each carried on each side of the rotating pallet.[35] After the first two missiles were fired, the door turned over to expose the second pair. Standard practice was to fire the weapons in SARH/IR pairs to increase the likelihood of a hit. HP Pavilion dv6782eg CPU Fan

Late-production models had provision for two 1.7-kiloton MB-1/AIR-2 Genienuclear rockets on one side of the pallet with IR-guided GAR-2A (AIM-4C) on the other side. "Project Kitty Car" upgraded most earlier F-101Bs to this standard beginning in 1961.SONY UDQF2PH52CF0 CPU Fan

From 1963 through 1966, F-101Bs were upgraded under the Interceptor Improvement Program (IIP; also known as "Project Bold Journey"), with a fire control system enhancement against hostile ECM and an infrared sighting and tracking (IRST) system in the nose in place of the in-flight refueling probe.[36] Toshiba UDQFRPH33CCM CPU Fan

The F-101B was made in greater numbers than the F-101A and C, with a total of 479 being delivered by the end of production in 1961.[37] Most of these were delivered to the Air Defense Command (ADC) beginning in January 1959.[34] The only foreign customer for the F-101B was Canada.[38] For more details on the history of the Voodoo in Canada, see McDonnell CF-101 Voodoo. Toshiba Satellite A505-S6980 CPU Fan

The F-101B was withdrawn from ADC service from 1969 to 1972, with many surviving USAF aircraft transferred to the Air National Guard (replacing F-102s), serving until 1982. The last Voodoo in US service (F-101B-105-MC 58-300) was finally retired by the 2nd Fighter Interceptor Training Squadron at Tyndall AFB in Florida on 21 September 1982. HP 052907A CPU FAN

Some of the F-101Bs were completed as dual-control operational trainer aircraft initially dubbed TF-101B, but later redesignated F-101F. Seventy-nine new-build F-101Fs were manufactured, and 152 more existing aircraft were later modified with dual controls. Ten of these were supplied to Canada under the designation CF-101FHP 13.V1.B3403.GN CPU FAN

These were later replaced with 10 updated aircraft in 1971.

In the early 1970s, a batch of 22 ex-RCAF CF-101Bs were returned to the USAF and converted to RF-101B reconnaissanceaircraft with their radar and weapons bay replaced with a package of three KS-87B cameras and two AXQ-2 TV cameras. HP 13.V1.BJ195.F.GN CPU FAN

An in-flight refueling boom receptacle was also fitted. These aircraft served with the 192d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron of theNevada Air National Guard through 1975. They were expensive to operate and maintain and had a short service life. HP 344872-001 CPU FAN,HP 367795-001 CPU FAN,HP 384622-001 CPU FAN

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