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of increasing formal domestic savings, pension sector reform is the centre of attention (2007).[52][53] HP Pavilion dv6-2140ef laptop keyboard

Uganda traditionally depends on Kenya for access to the Indian Ocean port of Mombasa. Recently, efforts have intensified to establish a second access route to the sea via the lakeside ports of Bukasa in Uganda and Musoma in Tanzania, connected by railway to Arusha in the Tanzanian interior and to the port of Tanga on the Indian Ocean.[54] ASUS K030662M2 laptop keyboard

Uganda is a member of the East African Community and a potential member of the planned East African Federation.

Uganda has a large diaspora, residing mainly in the United States and the United Kingdom. This diaspora has contributed enormously to Uganda's economic growth through remittances and other investments (especially property). According to the World Bank,  Lenovo 45N2141 laptop keyboard

in 2010/2011 Uganda got $694 million in remittances from Ugandans abroad, the highest foreign exchange earner for the country.[55] Uganda also serves as an economic hub for a number of neighbouring countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo,[56] South Sudan[57] and Rwanda.[58] HP 640208-001 laptop keyboard

Uganda is one of the poorest nations in the world, with 37.7% of the population living on less than $1.25 a day.[59] Despite making enormous progress in reducing the countrywide poverty incidence from 56% of the population in 1992 to 31% in 2005,[60]poverty remains deep-rooted in the country's rural areas, which are home to more than 85 per cent of Ugandans. SONY VAIO VGN-FS760/W laptop keyboard

People in rural areas of Uganda depend on farming as the main source of income and 90 per cent of all rural women work in the agricultural sector.[61] In addition to agricultural work, rural women also have the responsibility of caretaking within their families. The average Ugandan woman spends 9 hours a day on domestic tasks, such as preparing food and clothing, fetching water and firewood, and caring for the elderly, HP AECT1TPU112 CT1A laptop keyboard

the sick as well as orphans. As such, women on average work longer hours than men, between 12 and 18 hours per day, with a mean of 15 hours, as compared to men, who work between 8 and 10 hours a day.[62] Lenovo 3000 G530 4151 laptop keyboard

To supplement their income, rural women may engage in small-scale entrepreneurial activities such as rearing and selling local breeds of animals. Nonetheless, because of their heavy workload, they have little time for these income-generating activities. The poor cannot support their children at school and in most cases, girls drop out of school to help out in domestic work or to get married. Other girls engage in sex work. SONY VGN-FE11H laptop keyboard

As a result, young women tend to have older and more sexually experienced partners and this puts women at a disproportionate risk of getting affected by HIV, accounting for about 57 per cent of all adults living with HIV.[63] Maternal health in rural Uganda lags behind national policy targets and the Millennium Development Goals,  IBM Thinkpad R40 laptop keyboard

with geographical inaccessibility, lack of transport and financial burdens identified as key demand-side constraints to accessing maternal health services;[64] as such, interventions like intermediate transport mechanisms have been adopted as a means to improve women's access to maternal health care services in rural regions of the country.[65]  Packard Bell Easynote LM94 laptop keyboard

Gender inequality is a main hindrance to reducing women's poverty. Women submit to an overall lower social status than men. For many women, this reduces their power to act independently, participate in community life, become educated and escape reliance upon abusive men.[66]

Uganda has realized that the lack of women's rights is part of the major causes of poverty in the country. Results of the 1998/99 Uganda Participatory Poverty Assessment (UPPAP) –IBM Thinkpad R40 laptop keyboard

on which the revised Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP) is based – and the UPPAP2 (2001/2002) demonstrate strong linkage between gender and poverty. Key policies such as the National Gender Policy in 1997 have also been enacted to mainstream gender in the national development process to improve the social, legal/civic, political, economic and cultural conditions of the people, especially of women. SONY VGN-FE41S laptop keyboard

Also, the National Action Plan on Women (NAPW) was implemented in 1999 to identify five critical areas for action in order to advance women's rights: legal and policy framework and leadership; social and economic empowerment of women; reproductive health, rights and responsibilities; girl child education; peace building conflict resolution and freedom from violence.  IBM Lenovo Thinkpad X201s laptop keyboard

5.2% of the 2002–2005 GDP.[69] Much public education in primary and secondary schools focuses upon repetition and memorization. There are also state exams that must be taken at every level of education. The system of education in Uganda has a structure of 7 years of primary education, 6 years of secondary education (divided into 4 years of lower secondary and 2 years of upper secondary school), and 3 to 5 years of post-secondary education. ACER TravelMate 2420 laptop keyboard

The present system has existed since the early 1960s. Although some primary education is compulsory under law, in many rural communities this is not observed as many families feel they cannot afford costs such as uniforms and equipment. State schools are usually run by the Church of Uganda and are built on land owned as such. SONY V072078BS1 laptop keyboard

In primary education, children sit exams at the end of each academic year in order to discern whether they are to progress to the next class; this leads to some classes which include a large range of ages. Upon completing P7 (The final year of primary education), Lenovo Thinkpad T520 laptop keyboard

 many children from poorer rural communities will return to their families for subsistence farming. Secondary education is focused mainly in larger cities, with boarding optional. Children are usually presented with an equipment list which they are to obtain at the beginning of their time at secondary school. This list classically includes items such as writing equipment, toilet roll and cleaning brushes, all of which the student must have upon admission to school. ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard

Uganda has both private and public universities. The largest university in Uganda is Makerere University, located outside of Kampala. Milton Obote, formerPresident of Uganda, was an alumnus.[citation needed] LENOVO IdeaPad S10 20015 Laptop Keyboard

Uganda has been among the rare HIV success stories.[69] In the 1980s, more than 30% of Ugandan residents had HIV; this had fallen to 6.4% by the end of 2008, the most effective national response to AIDS of any African country.[70] This is supported by the findings of a 2006 study that modern contraceptive use in Uganda is low.[71] However, there has been a spike in recent years compared to the mid-nineties,[72] SONY VAIO VGN-FS415M Laptop Keyboard

especially after a shift in US Aid Policy toward abstinence only campaigns (starting in 2003 with the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief under U.S. President George W. Bush). According to one report by Uganda's Aids commissioner, TOSHIBA NSK-TK001 Laptop Keyboard

the number of new HIV infections has almost doubled from 70,000 in 2003 to 130,000 in 2005.[citation needed] Researchers have found that rates of new infection have stabilized as of 2005 due to a variety of factors, including increased condom use and sexual health awareness. Meanwhile, the practice of abstinence was found to have decreased.[73] SONY VAIO VPC-F12 Laptop Keyboard

Life expectancy at birth is estimated to be 53.45 years in 2012.[74] The infant mortality rate is approximately 61 deaths per 1,000 children in 2012.[75] There were 8 physicians per 100,000 persons in the early 2000s.[69] The 2006 Uganda Demographic Health Survey (UDHS) indicates that roughly 6,000 women die each year due to pregnancy-related complications.[76] SONY VAIO VPCF12 Laptop Keyboard

However, recent pilot studies by Future Health Systems have shown that this rate could be significantly reduced by implementing a voucher scheme for health services and transport to clinics.[77][78]  HP 519265-001 Laptop Keyboard

Uganda's elimination of user fees at state health facilities in 2001 has resulted in an 80% increase in visits; over half of this increase is from the poorest 20% of the population.[79] This policy has been cited as a key factor in helping Uganda achieve its Millennium Development Goals and as an example of the importance of equity in achieving those goals.[50] HP 540 Laptop Keyboard

Despite this policy, many users are denied care if they don't provide their own medical equipment, as happened in the highly publicised case of Jennifer Anguko.[80] Poor communication within hospitals,[81] Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E520 Laptop Keyboard

low satisfaction with health services[82] and distance to health service providers undermine the provision of quality health care to people living in Uganda, and particularly for those in poor and elderly-headed households.[83] The provision of subsidies for poor and rural populations, along with the extension of public private partnerships, have been identified as important provisions to enable vulnerable populations to access health services.[83] ACER Aspire 7736ZG Laptop Keyboard

In July 2012, there was Ebola outbreak in the Kibaale District of the country.[84] On 4 October 2012, the Ministry of Health officially declared the end of the Ebola outbreak that killed at least 16 people.[85] SAMSUNG N150 Laptop Keyboard

Uganda also has Hospitals such as the Mulago Hospital which was built in 1962.

Uganda's population has grown from 4.8 million people in 1950 to 24.3 million in 2002.[87] The current estimated population of Uganda is 35 million. Uganda has a very young population, with a median age of 15 years.[2] Uganda has the second highest total fertility rate in the world, at 6.65 children born/woman (2012 estimates).[2] ASUS F5SL Laptop Keyboard

Uganda is home to many different ethnic groups, none of whom forms a majority of the population. The population of Uganda consists of: Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6%. SAMSUNG R518 laptop keyboard

According to the World Refugee Survey 2008, published by the U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, Uganda hosted a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering 235,800 in 2007. The majority of this population came from Sudan (162,100 persons), but also included refugees and asylum seekers from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (41,800), Rwanda (21,200), Somalia(5,700) and Burundi (3,100).[34] SONY VAIO VGN-NW11S/S Laptop Keyboard

According to the census of 2002, Christians made up about 84% of Uganda's population.[92] The Roman Catholic Churchhas the largest number of adherents (41.9%), followed by the Anglican Church of Uganda (35.9%). Evangelical and Pentecostal churches claim the rest of the Christian population. Lenovo 3000 Y500 Laptop Keyboard

The next most reported religion of Uganda isIslam, with Muslims representing 12% of the population.[92] The Muslim population is primarily Sunni; there is also a minority belonging to the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. The remainder of the population follow traditional religions (1%), Baha'i (0.1%), other non-Christian religions (0.7%), or have no religious affiliation (0.9%).[92] GATEWAY AEPA6TAU111 Laptop Keyboard

The northern and West Nile regions are predominantly Catholic, while the Iganga District in eastern Uganda has the highest percentage of Muslims. The rest of the country has a mix of religious affiliations.[93]  FUJITSU CP254840-01 Laptop Keyboard

Traditional indigenous beliefs are practiced in some rural areas and are sometimes blended with or practiced alongside Christianity or Islam. In addition to a small community of Jewish expatriates centered in Kampala, Uganda is home to theAbayudaya, a native Jewish community dating from the early 1900s. One of the world's seven Bahá'í Houses of Worship is located on the outskirts of Kampala. See also Bahá'í Faith in Uganda. HP Pavilion dv6-3178ee Laptop Keyboard

Founded by JJ Keki, an interfaith movement bringing together Muslim, Jewish, and Christian coffee farmers has resulted in theMirembe Kawomera (Delicious Peace) Fair Trade Coffee Cooperative in Mbale, Uganda. Members of the cooperative sing about interfaith peace in Uganda on the Smithsonian Folkways album "Delicious Peace: Coffee, Music & Interfaith Harmony in Uganda."[94] ASUS X53S Laptop Keyboard

Indian nationals are the most significant immigrant population; members of this community are primarily Ismaili (Shi'a Muslim followers of the Aga Khan) orHindu. Forty years ago, there were about 80,000 Indians in Uganda. After Idi Amin mandated the expulsion of the Ugandan-Asians (mostly of Indian origin), the population was greatly reduced. Today there are about 15,000.[95]  FUJITSU Lifebook T4220 Laptop Keyboard

Ugandan music is as diverse as the ethnicity of its people. The country is home to over 30 different ethnic groups and tribes and they form the basis of all indigenous music. The Baganda, being the most prominent tribe in the country, have dominated the culture and music of Uganda over the last two centuries. However, the other tribes all have their own music styles passed down from generations dating back to the 18th century. These variations all make for good diversity in music and culture. ASUS F3F Laptop Keyboard

Music is an important cultural and communicative tool in Uganda. In recent years, Smithsonian Folkways has produced two albums featuring traditional music of the region: "Abayudaya: Music from the Jewish People of Ugandan" and "Delicious Peace: Coffee, Music & Interfaith Harmony in Uganda" FUJITSU Lifebook T4220 Laptop Keyboard

Football is the national sport in Uganda. Games involving the Ugandan national football team usually attract large crowds of Ugandans from all walks of life. The Ugandan Super League is the top division of Ugandan football contested by 16 clubs from across the country; it was created in 1968. TOSHIBA Satellite L750-ST4N02 Laptop Keyboard

Football in Uganda is managed by the Federation of Uganda Football Associations (FUFA). The association administers the national football team, as well as the Super League. South African broadcaster DStv through its Super Sport network broadcasts the Ugandan League to 46 different countries in sub Saharan Africa. HP 605344-001 Laptop Keyboard

Football is played all over Uganda especially by children in schools and young people on a variety of pitch surfaces. Uganda's most famous footballers are David Obua of Scottish club Hearts and Ibrahim Sekagya, who is the captain of the national team, Austria's Red Bulls and Nestroy Kizito.[citation needed] Uganda's notable past greats of the game include Denis Obua, Majid Musisi, Fimbo Mukasa and Paul Kasule. HP Pavilion DV7-3065dx Laptop Keyboard

Around forty different languages are regularly and currently in use in the country. These fall into three main language families: Bantu, Nilotic and Central Sudanic. English became the official language of Uganda after independence, and Ugandan English is a local variant dialect. HP G56-118CA Laptop Keyboard

The most widely spoken local language in Uganda is Luganda, spoken predominantly by the Ganda people (Baganda) in the urban concentrations of Kampala, the capital city, and in towns and localities in the Buganda region of Uganda which encompasses Kampala. The Lusoga and Runyankore-Rukiga languages follow, spoken predominantly in the southeastern and southwestern parts of Uganda respectively. TOSHIBA V000120240 Laptop Keyboard

Swahili, a widely used language throughout eastern and central East Africa, was approved as the country's second official national language in 2005,[88][89]though this is somewhat politically sensitive. English was the only official language until the constitution was amended in 2005. Though Swahili has not been favoured by the Bantu-speaking populations of the south and southwest of the country, HP 605344-001 laptop keyboard

it is an important lingua franca in the northern regions. It is also widely used in the police and military forces, which may be a historical result of the disproportionate recruitment of northerners into the security forces during the colonial period. The status of Swahili has thus alternated with the political group in power.[90] For example, Amin, who came from the northwest, declared Swahili to be the national language.[91] SONY VAIO VGN-NW250D/W laptop keyboard

Cricket has experienced rapid growth in Uganda, although football is the national sport.[citation needed] Recently in the Quadrangular Tournament in Kenya, Uganda came in as the underdogs and went on to register a historic win against archrivals Kenya.[citation needed] Uganda also won the World Cricket League (WCL)  Packard Bell PEW91 laptop keyboard

Division 3 and came in fourth place in the WCL Division 2. In February 2009, Uganda finished as runner-up in the WCL Division 3 competition held in Argentina, thus gaining a place in the World Cup Qualifier held in South Africa in April 2009. SONY VAIO VGN-FS115Z laptop keyboard

In 2007, the Uganda national rugby union team were victorious in the 2007 Africa Cup, beating Madagascar in the final.

Rallying is a popular sport in Uganda with the country having successfully staged a round of the African Rally Championship(ARC), Pearl of Africa Rally since 1996, when it was a candidate event. The country has gone on to produce African rally champions such as Charles Muhangi, TOSHIBA Satellite L675-S7044 laptop keyboard

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