Overblog Suivre ce blog
Editer l'article Administration Créer mon blog
27 décembre 2012 4 27 /12 /décembre /2012 07:45

University of California, Davis The University of California, Davis (also referred to as UCDUC Davis, or Davis) is a public teaching andresearch university established in 1905 and located in Davis, California. The campus was originally established as the University Farm, the agricultural extension of UC Berkeley, and is the second campus of the University of Californiasystem. The campus covers 7,309 acres (2,958 ha) and is the largest within the University of California system. UC Davis also has the third largest enrollment in the UC System after UC Berkeley and UCLA at 32,290.[3]DELL Inspiron N5030 Laptop Keyboard While UC Davis' agricultural heritage remains strong, the campus has expanded over the past century to include graduate and professional programs in medicine (which includes the UC Davis Medical Center), law, veterinary medicine, education,nursing, and business management, in addition to 90 research programs offered by UC Davis Graduate Studies. UC Davis' School of Veterinary Medicine is the largest in the United States and is ranked second in the nation.[5]Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard The Carnegie Foundation classifies UC Davis as a comprehensive doctoral research university with a medical program, veterinary program, and very high research activity.[6] UC Davis faculty includes 21 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 21 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 13 members of the American Law Institute, SONY VAIO VPCF121GX Laptop Keyboard 11 members of the Institute of Medicine, and 11 members of the National Academy of Engineering. Among other honors, university faculty, alumni, and researchers have won the Nobel Peace Prize, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Pulitzer Prize, National Medal of Science, and Presidential Early Career Award in Science and Engineering.[7][8]ASUS X53S Laptop Keyboard The UC Davis Aggies athletic teams compete in the NCAA Division I level, primarily in the Big West Conference as well as the Big Sky Conference (Football only) and the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation. In its first year of full Division I status, 11 UC Davis teams qualified for NCAA post-season competition. DELL Latitude E4300 Laptop Keyboard In 1905, Governor George Pardee signed into law an act to establish a university farm school for the University of California (at the time, Berkeley was the sole campus of the University). It would be more than a year before that commission selected a tiny town, then known as Davisville, as the site. What was to become the third UC Campus opened its doors to 40 degree students (all male) from UC Berkeley in January 1909 as the "University Farm." (The farm had begun accepting non-degree farmers' short courses in October 1908; TOSHIBA Satellite L505D-S5992 Laptop Keyboard there were initially around 115 such attendees.) The establishment of the Farm was largely the result of the vision and perseverance of Peter J. Shields, secretary of the State Agricultural Society, and the Peter J. Shields Library at UC Davis was named in his honor. Shields began to champion the cause of a University Farm to teach agriculture in a more applied fashion after hearing about California students who chose to go to out-of-state universities due to the lack of such programs in the University of California at that time. He later stated: HP Pavilion dv3-2137tx Laptop Keyboard There was a College of Agriculture at Berkeley in connection with the University of California, but it was purely academic. It was largely confined to the study of botany and chemistry; it had no farm and little prestige; it was apt to be thought of as a snap curriculum, attracting students who wanted to go to college but wanted to avoid its more difficult work. HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa Laptop Keyboard After two failed bills, a law authorizing the creation of a University Farm was passed on March 18, 1905, and Yolo County, home to some of California's prime farmland, was chosen as the site. The Farm accepted its first female students in 1914 from Berkeley. Renamed in 1922 the Northern Branch of the College of Agriculture,  HP 640436-001 Laptop Keyboard it continued growing at a breakneck pace: in 1916 the Farm's 314 students occupied the original 778 acres (315 ha) campus, but by 1951 it had already expanded to a size of 3,000 acres (1,200 ha). In 1959, the campus was declared by the Regents of the University of California as the seventh general campus in the University of California system. HP Pavilion dv2-1003ax Laptop Keyboard The University of California, Davis campus is the largest campus in the UC system by land area, spanning 7,145 acres (2,891.5 ha) across two counties: Yolo and Solano. Though named after the City of Davis, the campus is technically located adjacent to the City of Davis in an unincorporated part of Yolo and Solano counties. The main campus is located 15 miles (24.1 km) west of Sacramento in the Sacramento Valley, part of California's Central Valley, and is adjacent to Interstate Highway 80. HP HDX18-1200 CTO Laptop Keyboard The Davis campus is the only school within the UC system with an airport, just west of main campus, and is one of two UC schools with its own fire department; the other being UCSC. The campus is also conveniently located approximately an hour away from both San Francisco and the Napa Valley and two hours from Lake Tahoe. It is also one of only two schools in the University of California system, the other being UC Berkeley, with a nuclear lab.  ASUS X53S Laptop Keyboard The city of Davis, CA is a college town, with the ratio of students to long term residents estimated at 1:4. Also contributing to the college-town environment is the close proximity of downtown Davis to the campus' main quad—a matter of a few blocks, and 5-10 minute walk or bike ride. Davis' 15 minute distance from Sacramento provides it with both the isolation critical to fostering a college-town environment while also providing a lively and large metropolitan area nearby. Though the campus itself is vast, the entire community of Davis is relatively small and is easily traversable on bike utilizing Davis' extensive bicycle trails. SONY V072078AS1 Laptop Keyboard Towards the northeast end of campus is the Quad, a large rectangular field, which was the historic geographic center of campus. Earlier in the campus' history, the few campus buildings surrounded the four sides of the Quad. Today, though the campus has grown significantly and the geographic center of campus has shifted, the Quad remains the center of campus life, anchored to the north by the Memorial Union (student union), to the south by Shields Library and to the West and Southeast by Wellman and Olson Halls respectively.  HP 506782-001 Laptop Keyboard The Memorial Union Complex houses Freeborn Hall and the Memorial Union, which houses various establishments such as the UC Davis Bookstore, ASUCD Coffee House (Coho), ASUCD student government offices, Post Office, the MU Games Area (video games and bowling alley), KDVS student radio station, study lounges, Campus Copies, Picnic Day Office and the Center for Student Involvement Office. SONY VAIO PCG-F6 Laptop Keyboard The northeast side of campus holds more of the core buildings that were built earlier in UC Davis's history, such as Wellman Hall, Shields Library, Mrak Hall, and Hutchison Hall, as well as the North Entry Parking Structure. Also notable in this northeastern corner is the labyrinthine Social Sciences and Humanities building designed by Antoine Predock, known to students as the "Death Star" for its angular, metallic design. TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard For most of UC Davis' history, West Campus has served primarily as agricultural research land. Recently, portions were developed through a $300 million public-private partnership to form the largest zero net energy community in the United States, known as UC Davis West Village.[12] West Village will provide housing for 3,000 students, faculty and staff and will help the university recruit and retain top faculty. The project will include 662 apartments, 343 single-family homes, 42,500 square feet of commercial space, a recreation center and study facilities. West Village will also host the first community college on a UC campus. COMPAQ Presario CQ45-135TX Laptop Keyboard The classes held in this area mainly involve plant sciences. Students in the classes maintain gardens as part of the PLS 5 lab. There are five public art statues found around campus, collectively called The Egghead Series, sculpted by former art professor Robert Arneson who taught at Davis from 1962-1991 before his death in 1992. Additional pieces of Arneson's work are part of the Fine Arts Collection maintained by the Richard L. Nelson Gallery located in the Art Building. IBM Lenovo ThinkPad R50 1833 Laptop Keyboard "Bookhead" is located at the Shields Library plaza, "Yin & Yang" is located at the Fine Arts Complex, "See No Evil/Hear No Evil" is at the east lawn of King Hall (the main building for UC Davis' School of Law), "Eye on Mrak (Fatal Laff)" is outside Mrak Hall (housing the registrar office and other administrative offices), and "Stargazer" is located between North Hall and Young Hall. The "Yin & Yang" egg heads have been recast and duplicated for installation near the Port of San Francisco Ferry Building in San Francisco.[13]SONY VAIO PCG-FX50G/K Laptop Keyboard In 2010, the United States Census Bureau made UC Davis its own separatecensus-designated place for statistical purposes.[15] Most of the campus lies outside the Davis city limit. However, mail to the campus is still addressed, "Davis, CA".DELL Latitude E5410 Laptop Keyboard The 2010 United States Census[16] reported that University of California Davis had a population of 5,786. The population density was 3,966.8 people per square mile (1,531.6/km²). The racial makeup of University of California Davis was 2,443 (42.2%) White, 144 (2.5%) African American, 22 (0.4%) Native American, 2,443 (42.2%) Asian, 7 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 364 (6.3%) fromother races, and 363 (6.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 728 persons (12.6%).HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Laptop Keyboard The Census reported that 2,561 people (44.3% of the population) lived in households, 3,225 (55.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized. TOSHIBA 9J.N7482.901 Laptop Keyboard There were 1,096 households, out of which 203 (18.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 292 (26.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 59 (5.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 16 (1.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 34 (3.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 5 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 245 households (22.4%) were made up of individuals and 1 (0.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34. There were 367 families (33.5% of all households); the average family size was 2.75. IBM Lenovo ThinkPad X300 Laptop Keyboard The population was spread out with 310 people (5.4%) under the age of 18, 4,298 people (74.3%) aged 18 to 24, 1,124 people (19.4%) aged 25 to 44, 41 people (0.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 13 people (0.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 19.6 years. For every 100 females there were 82.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.5 males. DELL Vostro PP37L Laptop Keyboard There were 1,125 housing units at an average density of 771.3 per square mile (297.8/km²), of which 1 (0.1%) were owner-occupied, and 1,095 (99.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%; the rental vacancy rate was 0.6%. 1 people (0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,560 people (44.2%) lived in rental housing units. HP 640892-001 Laptop Keyboard The northwest end of campus holds the majority of the Segundo undergraduate housing complex and various alternative non-undergraduate housing such as Orchard Park, Russell Park, and The Colleges at LaRue Apartments. The Activities and Recreation Center, or the ARC, is also located near the Segundo complex. Adjacent to the northwest corner of campus is the Cuarto undergraduate housing complex, which has one dining common. IBM 42T3567 Laptop Keyboard The Tercero undergraduate housing complex is located near the true geographic center of the UC Davis campus, to the north of the Arboretum Waterway, which stretches longitudinally through almost the entirety of the south end of campus. The Davis Arboretum is a public botanic garden with over 4,000 kinds of trees and plants, including many California native plants, that stretches for over 100 acres (40 ha) along The Waterway.  Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E520 Laptop Keyboard The Cuarto undergraduate (freshmen and transfer students) housing complex is located just one block off-campus, across Russell Boulevard. Unlike the other undergraduate housing complexes, Cuarto is located within city limits qualifying its residents to vote in city elections (other on-campus students can only vote in county elections).  IBM Lenovo Thinkpad X201 Laptop Keyboard The entire University of California system is governed by The Regents, a 26-member board, as established under Article IX, Section 9 of the California Constitution.[17] The board appoints the University's principal officers including the system-wide president and UC Davis Chancellor." DELL Studio 1458 Laptop Keyboard The UC Davis Chancellor is the Chief Executive Officer of an institution with a $3 billion annual budget, a $678 million research enterprise, 5,300-acre (2,100 ha) central campus, 32,000 students and 28,000 employees. The current and sixth chancellor is Linda Katehi. The Chancellor has overall responsibility for the leadership, management, and administration of the campus and reports "as an equal" to the President of the University of California system, a position currently held by Mark Yudof.[18]Dell Inspiron 2500 Laptop Keyboard The Offices of the Chancellor and Provost is headed by the Executive Vice-Chancellor and Provost (EVCP). In their capacity as Executive Vice-Chancellor, the EVCP shares with the Chancellor in the overall leadership and management of campus administration and operations, whereas as Provost, the EVCP is UC Davis' chief academic officer. ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard The Senior Staff provides executive support to the Offices of the Chancellor and Provost. The Council of Deans and Vice-Chancellor consists of the heads of the university's major academic and administrative units.[19] FUJITSU LifeBook S7020 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Students are most likely to interact with or be directly affected by the Office of Student Affairs, which is run by the Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs, currently Fred Wood, and by a variety of associate and assistant vice-chancellors. This office oversees many campus units including: Admissions, Athletics, Campus Recreation, Campus Unions, Counseling and Psychological Services, Financial Aid, Student Housing and others.[20]  ASUS F5N Laptop CPU Cooling Fan he University of California system was considered by Richard Moll to be among America's Public Ivy universities.[21][22] The university has 102 undergraduate majors and 87 graduate programs.[23] It has a Department of Viticulture and Enology (concerning the scientific study of grape-growing and winemaking) that has been and continues to be responsible for significant advancements in winemaking utilized by many Californian wineries. The campus is noted for its top-rated Agricultural and Resource Economics programs [24] HP Pavilion dv6915nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan and the large Department of Animal Science through which students can study at the university's own on-campusdairy, meat-processing plant, equestrian facility, and experimental farm. Students of Environmental Horticulture and other botanical sciences have many acres of campus farmland and the University of California, HP 450933-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Davis, Arboretum at their disposal. The Department of Applied Science was founded and formerly chaired by physicist Edward Teller. The arts are also studied extensively on campus with subjects such as studio art, design, music, theater and dance. The Design Department at UC Davis is the only comprehensive academic design unit of the University of California system.[25] There is also the Mondavi Center for the Performing Arts which features artists from all over the globe. Compaq Presario C551NR Laptop CPU Cooling Fan UC Davis is considered as a Public Ivy. In 2013, U.S. News and World Report ranked UC Davis as the 8th best public university in the United States, 38th nationally, and the 3rd best of the UC schools, after UC Berkeley (21st), UCLA(24th), and tied with UCSD (38th). [34]Washington Monthly ranked UC Davis 17th in its 2012 National College Ranking based on the school's contributions to society.[35] Also in 2012, Forbes ranked UC Davis as 128th overall in the nation, 15th among public institutions, SONY Vaio VGN-NW235F Laptop CPU Cooling Fan 39th among national research universities, and 3rd in the University of California, after UCLAand UC Berkeley.[36] According to the 2011-2012 Top 50 Colleges and Universities in America published by The Best Colleges, UC Davis is ranked 27th nationally and 2nd among the UCs after UC Berkeley.[37]ACER Aspire 4743zg Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The university has several distinguished graduate programs ranked in the top 10 in their fields by the United States National Research Council; most notable are its programs in agricultural economics, entomology, evolutionary biology,plant biology, and ecology. Additionally, the NRC placed more than a third of UC Davis graduate programs in the top 25% of their respective fields.[38] U.S. News & World Report placed UC Davis 2nd nationally in Veterinary Medicine,3rd in Ecology / Evolutionary Biology, 7th in Biological / Agricultural Engineering, 11th in Environmental Engineering, 13th in Topology, 14th in U.S. Colonial History, 15th in International Economics, and 19th in American Politics in 2013.[34]HP Pavilion dv6-2119el Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Academic Ranking of World Universities placed UC Davis 33rd nationally and 47th globally for 2012. In 2011, Times Higher Education World University Rankingsranked it 38th in the world, while the QS World University Rankings ranked it 101st. Toshiba Satellite P500 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2012, Sierra Magazine ranked UC Davis as 1st for "Coolest School" in America due to the school's sustainability and climate change efforts.[39] Newsweek's "College Rankings 2011" placed UC Davis 10th for "Happiest Schools in America" and 11th among the "Greenest Schools"in the United States.[40] UC Davis was awarded an A- from the 2010 College Sustainability Report Card, which grades schools on their level of environmental sustainability across nine categories.[41]In 2011, UC Davis was also ranked 8th in Sierra magazine's national "Cool Schools" rankings which center on environmental goals and achievements.[42]Packard Bell EasyNote TR87 Laptop Keyboard UC Davis' libraries include the Peter J. Shields Library, the Physical Sciences & Engineering Library, the Carlson Health Sciences Library, and the Medical Center Library in Sacramento, contain more than 3.5 million volumes and offers a number of special collections and services. The Peter J. Shields Library has three different architectural styles due to various construction and extensions being added; it is the main library where students study on-campus, with a 24-hour reading room, open computer labs, Packard Bell NEW90 Laptop Keyboard and unique furniture. The undergraduate student government of UC Davis is the Associated Students of UC Davis (ASUCD), and has an annual operating budget of 11.1 million dollars, making it the largest-funded student government in the United States.[55] ASUCD includes an Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branch. Other than representing the student body on campus, the task of ASUCD is to lobby student interests to local and state government. Also under the purview of ASUCD are the student-run Coffee House is an ASUCD unit and Unitrans, SAMSUNG Q330-JS09 Laptop Keyboard the Davis public bus system. ASUCD employs thousands of students[56] annually across its many units.Picnic Day, UC Davis's annual Open House, is the largest student-run event in the United States. It attracts thousands of visitors each year with its many attractions. These include a parade, a magic show performed by the chemistry department, the Doxie Derby (dachshund races), film screenings, and a Battle of the Bands between the Band and other college bands including the Cal Band, the Stanford Band, and the Humboldt State Marching Band. SAMSUNG Q330-JA02 Laptop Keyboard Another highlight of UC Davis is its student-run freeform radio station, KDVS. The station began operations on February 1, 1964 from the laundry room of the all-male dormitory Beckett Hall. The station soon gained a reputation by airing interviews with Angela Davis and a live call-in show with thenCalifornia Governor Ronald Reagan in 1969. The station can now be heard on 90.3 FM and online at its website.[57]DELL Vostro 1015 Laptop Keyboard UC Davis has some 400 registered student organizations, ranging from political clubs to professional societies to language clubs. Student clubs are managed through the Student Programs and Activities Center (SPAC).[58]The academic Graduate Students and management students are represented by the Graduate Student Association (GSA). The Law Students are represented by Law Students Association. ACER Aspire 5741Z Laptop Keyboard Students are also encouraged to wear Aggie Blue on game days to show their Aggie Pride. If spotted wearing Aggie Blue by the Aggie Pack, students may have UC Davis paraphernalia thrown at them as a reward. SONY VAIO VGN-CR31S Laptop Keyboard Students also participate in intramural sports such as basketball, ultimate frisbee, soccer and many more. The ARC is one of the, if not, the largest student recreational center amongst schools in the nation. It contains a basketball gym, work out room, rock climbing wall, and other studio rooms for group exercise.  TOSHIBA Satellite U305-S7446 Laptop Keyboard One less-known student tradition occurs during the commencement ceremonies, where students toss tortillas into the air at the beginning of the ceremony. Tortillas are smuggled into the building under graduation gowns and released into the air after all the graduates have taken their seats. TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard Other student activities Bicyclists are ubiquitous around campus as well as the city, and thus a lot of bike-only infrastructure exists, such as bike circles, large bike lanes, and traffic signals exclusively for bikes and the UC Davis cycling team has won several national championship titles.[61] The campus police department also has some of its officers patrol on bicycles and take bicycling under the influence ("BUI") and bicycling without a headlight at night very seriously. All bikes on the UC Davis campus must be registered with a California Bicycle license or they risk being sold at the on campus bike auction. TOSHIBA Satellite U305-S7446 Laptop Keyboard UC Davis is also well known for its bus service, Unitrans, and its trademark London double decker buses. It has been in operation since 1968 and is believed to be the only general purpose (non-sightseeing) transit system in the U.S. to operate vintage double deck buses in daily service. The system is operated and managed entirely by students and offers fixed-route transportation throughout the city. There is also an inter-campus bus service that ferries back and forth between UC Davis and UC Berkeley twice daily, from Monday to Friday. TOSHIBA Satellite L775-S7245 Laptop Keyboard The central campus is bounded by freeways on two sides (Highway 113 and Interstate 80). All other UC campuses are either somewhat distant from the closest freeway or are directly adjacent to only one freeway. Two freeway exits are entirely within UCD's boundaries. One, off Highway 113, is signed "UC Davis / Hutchison Drive" and the other, off Interstate 80, is signed exclusively as "UC Davis."  HP Mini 110-3113tu Laptop Keyboard Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard Easy freeway access, coupled with increasing housing costs in the city of Davis, have led to increased numbers of students commuting via automobile. Some students choose to live in the neighboring communities of Sacramento, Dixon or Woodland, and use their own cars or the county-wide Yolobus to get to UC Davis. HP 633736-001 Laptop Keyboard UC Davis also publishes a daily student newspaper, The California Aggie. The Aggie was first published in 1915 as the Weekly Agricola after its approval by the Associated Student Executive Committee. At this point, UC Davis was considered the University Farm, an extension of UC Berkeley.[62]HP Mini 110-1032NR Laptop Keyboard Initially, the Weekly Agricola was focused on both student news and farming-related topics. Novelist Jack London was one of the first readers of the Weekly Agricola. In 1922, it was renamed to match the school's athletic name.[62] Today, the Aggiehas the largest print distribution in Yolo County, at around 12,000 copies distributed daily. TOSHIBA Satellite l20-101 Laptop Keyboard Social fraternities and sororities have been a part of the University of California at Davis since 1913. Approximately 8% of the university's undergraduate students are involved in the school's fraternities and sororities. One sorority, Sigma Alpha Epsilon Pi, was featured during the first season of the MTV reality show "Sorority Life." SONY VAIO VGN NR385E/T Laptop Keyboard There are currently 16 fraternities that are a part of the Interfraternity Council (IFC) in Davis. The IFC representatives attend weekly meetings to guarantee that all UC Davis rules and regulations are followed. The meetings are also used to inform the fraternities about all upcoming activities throughout the week. The 16 fraternities are: Alpha Epsilon Pi, Alpha Gamma Omega, Alpha Sigma Phi, Chi Phi, Delta Chi, Delta Sigma Phi, Lambda Chi Alpha, Pi Kappa Alpha, Phi Kappa Psi, Sigma Alpha Mu, Sigma Chi, Sigma Nu, Sigma Phi Epsilon, Tau Kappa Epsilon, Theta Chi, and Theta Xi.[63]SONY VAIO VGN-AW31S Laptop Keyboard The Panehellenic Council is similar to the Interfraternity Council, but is the governing council for several sororities at UC Davis. They are responsible for organizing recruitment, and overseeing that all regulations are upheld. There are currently 8 sororities that are a part of the Panhellenic Council. The 8 sororities are: Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Phi, Chi Omega, Delta Delta Delta, Delta Gamma, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Pi Beta Phi.[64]DELL Precision M4500 Laptop Keyboard The Phi Chapter of Alpha Gamma Rho was locally established May 1 of 1923 at UC Davis making it the first continuously running national fraternity on campus. They started as the Kappa Tau Fraternity, which was the first Agricultural Fraternity on campus. Many campus buildings are named after alumni of Alpha Gamma Rho such as Emil Mrak (Mrak Hall, Registrar's office), Orville Thompson (Thompson Hall, HP 608378-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Segundo student housing), and Dean De Carli (the De Carli room, 2nd floor MU), Mel Olson Scoreboard (Aggie Stadium), and many more. Toshiba Satellite A505-S6030 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan There are both national and local fraternities and sororities at UCD with diverse backgrounds and histories.[65] The UC Davis Aggies (or Ags) compete in NCAA Division I sports in the Big West Conference. For football, the Aggies compete in Division I FCS (formerly known as Division I-AA), and are members of the Big Sky Conference, granting UC Davis the distinction of being one of only three UC campuses to field a football team (Cal and UCLA being the other two). The Aggies are also members of the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation in gymnastics and lacrosse, the Western Intercollegiate Rowing Association and Davis Men's Crew Club for rowing. Compaq Presario A931NR Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The UC Davis Men's Crew Club is one of the more successful clubs both on campus and in the West. In 2008 the JV boat won first in nationals at the ACRA Championships in Tennessee and in 2009 the Varsity boat got second place in nationals at the ACRA Championships. They consistently compete against teams such as Stanford, the University of Washington and UC Berkeley. Compaq Presario C727US Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Aggies finished first in NCAA Division II six times in 2003 and won the NACDA Directors' Cup 4 years in a row from 1999 to 2003. In 1998, the UC Davis men's basketball team won the NCAA Division II national championship despite being one of the few non-scholarship institutions in Division II at that time. They have also won NCAA Division II championships in Softball (2003), Men's Tennis (1992), and Women's Tennis (1990, 1993). These and other achievements motivated a decision (following a year of heavy discussion by campus administrators, faculty, staff, students, alumni and the local community) in 2003 for the athletics program to re-classify to Division I.[66][67]TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7226 Laptop Keyboard The highlight of the recent 4-year transition to Division I occurred on September 17, 2005, when the Aggies defeated the heavily favored Stanford Cardinal at Stanford Stadium by a score of 20-17 on a TD pass with 8 seconds left in the game. The Aggies also pulled off an upset against Stanford in basketball just months later, beating the Cardinal 64-58 with a late rally at home on December 4, 2005. The win in these two major sports and the addition of the Aggies beating the Cardinal in soccer earlier in 2005 as well as a win in wrestling and two wins in baseball pulled the Aggies' win loss record with Stanford to 5-1 for men's sports the 05-06 year. SONY VAIO VGN-CS190C* Laptop Keyboard The Aggie football team plays Sacramento State in the annual Causeway Classic for the Causeway Carriage. The team also playsCal Poly San Luis Obispo in the annual Battle for the Golden Horseshoe. UC Davis students gather at sporting events to rally as the Aggie Pack, the largest student-run school spirit organization in the United States. The Aggie Pack cheers on the sports team along with the Spirit Squad to the music of the Cal Aggie Marching Band-uh! and its alumni band. Aggie Stadiumis the home of the UC Davis football and lacrosse teams. Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard UC Davis also had a noteworthy wrestling program, which competed in the Pac-10 at the Division I level. In 2007, UC Davis wrestler Derek Moore gained All-American status, as well as won the NCAA Division I Championships for his weight class. Moore also received the "Most Outstanding Wrestler" award of the NCAA tournament. In doing so, Derek Moore became the first UC Davis student-athlete to become a NCAA champion at the Division I level. That same year, UC Davis finished within the top 25 for Division I collegiate wrestling programs in the country. COMPAQ Presario C700 Laptop Keyboard FUJITSU Lifebook T4215 Laptop Keyboard Wrestling was cut from the athletic department in April 2010. Other cuts included men's swimming, men's indoor track, and women's rowing. The athletic's department had to cut $1.79 million out of the budget. 14 women's teams and 9 men's teams were funded for the 2010-2011 school year.[68]ASUS U3S Laptop Keyboard The official school colors are blue and gold. The blue is due to the UC's early connection to Yale[69] and as a result is often referred to as "Yale Blue" (e.g., see [70] and [71]), although UCD's official blue, usually called "Aggie Blue", Pantone 295[72] differs from Yale Blue (approximately Pantone 289[73]). HP Pavilion dm1-1020es Laptop Keyboard The official school mascot is the mustang. Students at UC Davis are referred to as Aggies in honor of the school's agricultural heritage. Unlike most colleges, there is a distinction between the name for students and the mascot. There was a movement to change the school's mascot from the mustang to the cow, but despite student support this was turned down after opposition from alumni.  FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard Many people will call the mustang mascot of UC Davis an Aggie, but this is not its proper name; the mustang mascot is named Gunrock. The name dates to 1921 when the US Army brought a thoroughbred horse named Gunrock to UC Davis to supply high-quality breeding stock for the US Cavalry remount program. The mustang mascot was selected to honor that cavalry horse. SONY VAIO VGN-AW31S Laptop Keyboard UC Davis has implemented many environmentally sustainable features on campus. In the Fall of 2010, UCD opened a renovated Dining Commons in the Cuarto living area. The dining hall prides itself on its sustainability and use of local produce. Currently there are two LEED-certified buildings operated by the university — the Robert Mondavi Institute for Wine and Food Science, which is the first brewery, winery or food-processing facilities in the world to achieve Platinum-level certification, SONY VAIO VGN-AR570 Laptop Keyboard and the Tahoe Center for Environmental Sciences at Lake Tahoe, one of only five laboratories in the world to achieve Platinum-level certification.[74] Plans call for additional campus buildings to meet standards equivalent to LEED Silver,[75] and for the development of UC Davis West Village as a "zero net energy" community. [76]HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa Laptop Keyboard The university was given two Best Practice Awards at the 2009 annual Sustainability Conference, held by the University of California, California State University and the California Community Colleges, for the campus's lighting retrofit project and sustainable design in new construction.[77] SONY VAIO PCG-FR315M Laptop Keyboard UC Davis has used the olives from the old trees on campus to produce olive oil[78] and table olives,[79] and the school uses drought-tolerant landscaping on and around campus.[80] The campus also operates its own landfill, where it converts landfill (methane) gas to energy.[81] For its efforts in campus sustainability, UC Davis earned an A- on the 2010 College Sustainability Report Card, one of 27 schools to achieve the highest grade awarded.[41]SONY Vaio VGN-FW27 Laptop Keyboard UC Davis became the first University to implement a fee on all single-use bags distributed on campus and is working towards becoming the first university campus to ban plastic bags entirely.[82] UC Davis is also home to the Agricultural Sustainability Institute (ASI), which is part of the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES). ASI provides leadership for research, teaching, outreach, and extension efforts in agricultural and food systems sustainability at the Davis campus and throughout the UC system. HP Pavilion dv7-2109tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan UC Davis, introduced by Arnold Schwarzenegger as the "environmental capital of the world",[83] hosted Governors' Global Climate Summit 3 (GGCS3) which is an international climate forum for the top leaders of local, regional, national and international entities, as well as those from academia, business and nonprofit. The summit featured talks that promised to broaden national partnerships through an increased understanding of unique environmental and economic challenges in the continuation to grow a clean, green economy. The summit included more than 1,500 attendees from more than 80 countries. HP 608378-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fandomestic partnership is a legal or interpersonal relationship between two individuals who live together and share a common domestic life but are neither joined by marriage nor a civil union. In some jurisdictions, such as Australia, New Zealand, the American states of Oregon, Washington, Nevada, and California, a domestic partnership is almost equivalent to marriage, Toshiba Satellite A40-231 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan or to other legally recognized same-sex or different-sex unions, while in other jurisdictions such as the American states of Wisconsin and Maine, domestic partnerships may confer lesser relationship rights than other jurisdictions' civil unions and more than de facto cohabitation. The terminology for such unions is still evolving, and the exact level of rights and responsibilities conferred by a domestic partnership varies widely from place to place. SONY Vaio VPC-EB11FX Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Some legislatures have voluntarily established domestic partnership relations by statute instead of being ordered to do so by a court. Although some jurisdictions have instituted domestic partnerships as a way to recognize same-sex unions, domestic partnerships may involve either different-sex or same-sex couples. HP 532613-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In some legal jurisdictions, domestic partners who live together for an extended period of time but are not legally entitled to common-law marriage may be entitled to legal protection in the form of a domestic partnership. Some domestic partners may enter into domestic partnership agreements in order to agree contractually to issues involving property ownership, support obligations, and similar issues common to marriage. (See effects of marriage and palimony.) Beyond agreements, registration of relationships in domestic partnership registries allow for the jurisdiction to formally acknowledge such agreements as valid relationships with limited rights, although agreements and registries have often been legalized in separate legislation. Dell Vostro 3500 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan One of the purposes of domestic partnership relation is to recognize the contribution of one partner to the property of the other. In the common law, devices such as the constructive trust are available to protect spouses in legal or common-law marriages. In civil law jurisdictions, such trusts are generally not available, prompting courts to find alternative ways to protect the partner who contributes to the other's property. HP Pavilion dv7-3065dx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In August 1979, gay rights activist Tom Brougham proposed a new category of relationship called "domestic partnership".[1]Initially, the requirements were that only two people who resided together and were qualified to marry except that they were the same gender. Additional requirements were later added for the partners to maintain mutual financial responsibility and for both to be at least eighteen years old and able to enter into a legal contract.[2]SAMSUNG Q330-JS09 Laptop Keyboard In 1983, the City Council of Berkeley, California, under the leadership of Mayor Gus Newport, ordered their Human Relations and Welfare Commission to develop a domestic partnership proposal. The Commission appointed its Vice-Chair, Leland Traiman, a gay activist, to head the Domestic Partner Task Force and draft a policy. Working with Tom Brougham, members of the East Bay Lesbian/Gay Democratic Club, and attorney Matt Coles, the Domestic Partner Task Force drafted what has become the template for domestic partner/civil union policies around the world. Packard Bell PEW91 Laptop Keyboard DELL PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard The City of Berkeley's Human Relations and Welfare Commission held a public hearing early in 1984 on "Examining the Use of Marriage to Determine Benefits and Liabilities in Berkeley and the Alternatives." A policy was adopted by the Commission and presented to the City Council. A copy was sent to the Berkeley School Board. In July 1984 the City Council voted down the proposal citing financial concerns. On August 1, 1984, the Berkeley School Board enacted the policy by a 4 to 1 vote. The school board motion was made by board member and community activist Ethel Manheimer.[8]HP Pavilion dv6-2020sa Laptop Keyboard In November 1984, all the city council members up for election who had voted against the policy lost reelection. Progressives from the Berkeley Citizens' Action (BCA) slate who replaced them had voiced strong support for a domestic partner policy. The East Bay Lesbian/Gay Democratic Club had worked hard to elect the BCA Slate. This was the first time domestic partners was a campaign issue. At the first meeting of the new City Council in December 1984, the Berkeley City Council enacted a policy extending employee benefits to unmarried couples of any gender. The first couple to file for benefits under Berkeley's sex-neutral policy were Brougham and his partner Barry Warren. ACER AEZR1R00110 Laptop Keyboard However, the City Council did not create a registry for domestic partners until 1991. On October 11 of that year, 28 lesbian and gay male couples and one heterosexual couple registered their partnerships. The registry and benefits were also extended to non-resident couples that same year.  HP 407857-001 Laptop Keyboard On September 4, 2003 the California legislature passed an expanded domestic partnership bill, extending nearly all the legal rights of married couples to people in same-sex partnerships. This erased all difference between California's domestic partnerships and civil unions passed in other states. California's comprehensive domestic partner policy was the first same-sex couples policy in the United States created by a legislature without court intervention. The policy became effective January 1, 2005.  HP Mini 110-1115SA Laptop Keyboard Potentially serious legal issues arise from the conflict between state sponsored unions be they domestic partnership, civil unions, or same-sex-marriage and U.S. Federal law, which, under the Defense of Marriage Act, prohibits Federal recognition to those unions. This means that state sponsored domestic partners, civil unions and same-sex marriages are not entitled to any Federal spousal rights such as Social Security, Federal tax law or immigration rights for foreign same-sex spouses of American citizens. DELL Inspiron N4050 Laptop Keyboard The State of California has developed an Online Self-Help Center that provides resources and information to assist domestic partners in many areas, including filing domestic partnerships, dissolving domestic partnerships,parenting issues, tax issues, and more. TOSHIBA Satellite L775D-S7220 Laptop Keyboard In 1982, Brougham's definition was modified by Supervisor Harry Britt, a gay man appointed to replace Harvey Milk. Britt's version was adopted and passed by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, but Dianne Feinstein, mayor of San Francisco at the time, came under intense pressure from the Catholic Church and vetoed the bill. In 1989, a domestic partnership law was adopted in San Francisco.[3] However, voters repealed the domestic partnership law by initiative; a modified version was reinstated by another voter initiative, 1990's Proposition K, also written by Britt.[4][5] Currently, the city still offers a domestic partnership status separate and differing in benefits from that offered by the state; city residents can apply for both.[6]HP G61-420SO Laptop Keyboard In 1982, the term "domestic partner" was first used in a lawsuit filed by San Francisco Human Rights Commission employee Larry Brinkin. Brinkin, then an employee of Southern Pacific Railway, had recently suffered the loss of his partner of eleven years. When he was denied the three days of paid bereavement leave given to married employees, he filed suit with the assistance of the ACLU. Mr. Brinkin lost his case. Despite a great deal of evidence to the contrary, the judge agreed with his employer’s claim that there was no way to know if his relationship was legitimate.[7]HP G42-366TX Laptop Keyboard Washington, D.C., has recognized domestic partnerships since 1992. However, Congress prohibited the District from spending any local funds to implement the law. The prohibition was lifted in the federal appropriations act for the District for the 2002 fiscal year. Domestic partnership in the District is open to both same-sex and opposite-sex couples. All couples registered as domestic partners are entitled to the same rights as family members to visit their domestic partners in the hospital and to make decisions concerning the treatment of a domestic partner’s remains after the partner’s death. HP G62-458TU Laptop Keyboard The measure also grants District of Columbia government employees rights to a number of benefits. Domestic partners are eligible for health care insurance coverage, can use annual leave or unpaid leave for the birth or adoption of a dependent child or to care for a domestic partner or a partner's dependents, and can make funeral arrangements for a deceased partner. The Domestic Partnership Equality Amendment Act of 2006, D.C. Law 16-79, came into effect on April 4, 2006. HP G61-420SO Laptop Keyboard This act provides that in almost all cases a domestic partner will have the same rights as a spouse regarding inheritance, probate, guardianship, and other rights traditionally accorded to spouses.[10] D.C. Council on May 6, 2008 approved the addition of 39 new provisions to the city’s domestic partners law, bringing the law to a point where same-sex couples who register as domestic partners will receive most, but not quite all, of the rights and benefits of marriage under District law.[11]Dell Inspiron 2500 Laptop Keyboard In Nevada domestic partnerships are granted all the benefits, rights, obligations and/or responsibilities of marriage (for both opposite-sex couples and same-sex couples over 18) and these have become legally available since 1 October 2009. The act specifically excludes requiring any entity to provide health benefits to domestic partners. In addition, due to vagueness in the verbiage of the act, most companies and entities within Nevada refuse to acknowledge or afford any major benefits or rights to registered domestic partners, leaving legal action as the only avenue to garner individual rights. HP Pavilion DV6-1105ee Laptop Keyboard 、In the state of Washington, Governor Christine Gregoire signed into law legislation allowing limited domestic partnership on April 21, 2007. The law, which took effect July 22, 2007 and expanded to all areas except for marriage in 2008 and 2009, permits same-sex couples (as well as heterosexual couples when one individual is at least age 62) to register in a domestic partnership registry that allows couples hospital visitation rights, Lenovo 3000 N200 Laptop Keyboard the ability to authorize autopsies and organ donations, and inheritance rights when there is no will.[16] This follows the 1998 passage of a bill by the Washington State legislature that defined marriage as being between a man and a woman; this legislation was upheld by the Washington State Supreme Court in 2006.[17] Washington State Senate Report ACER Aspire 5739G-6959 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Wisconsin was the first state in the Midwest to legislatively enact same-sex unions. Out of about thirty states that have bans on same-sex marriage and civil unions, Wisconsin was the first (and only) to enact domestic partnerships.[19] HP G50-116CA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On March 5, 2009 Wisconsin Governor Jim Doyle proposed legislation for same-sex partnerships in Wisconsin. In June 2009, the Wisconsin State Assembly and Senate both passed the biennial state budget which includes domestic partnership protections for the state’s same-sex couples.[20][21]HP Pavilion dv6736nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On June 29, 2009, Governor Jim Doyle signed the budget, giving final approval to limited domestic partnership benefits for same-sex couples living in Wisconsin.[22] On July 23, 2009, three members of Wisconsin Family Action filed a petition for an original action in the Wisconsin Supreme Court, seeking a declaration that the domestic partner registry is unconstitutional under the state's Marriage Protection Amendment.[23]FUJITSU LifeBook S7111 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The law went into effect on August 3, 2009. November 4, 2009: The Wisconsin Supreme Court rejected Appling v. Doyle, Wisconsin Family Action's legal challenge to domestic partnerships.[24] May 13, 2011: Governor Scott Walker asked to withdraw the state's defense of the domestic partnership registry.[25] June 20, 2011: Dane County Judge Dan Moeser ruled that the domestic partnership registry does not violate the state constitution, finding that the state "does not recognize domestic partnership in a way that even remotely resembles how the state recognizes marriage".[26]HP Pavilion dv6-3016tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan partnership, or civil partnership for same-sex partners, which afford rights similar to marriage to LGBT couples. In Hungary, since 1996 domestic partnership in the form of unregistered cohabitation offers a limited set of rights compared to marriage in a Civil Code (more in the field of health and pension; but no inheritance), although a growing number of Hungarian couples, both opposite-sex couples and same-sex couples choose this kind of partnership instead of marriage.  HP Pavilion dv7-3057nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In April 2009, the Hungarian Parliament passed a Registration Partnership Act 2009 with a vote of 199–159, which provides a registered partnership for same-sex couples with all the benefits and entitlements of marriage (except for marriage itself, adoption, IVF access, taking a partner's surname, parentage and surrogacy). -4520s-keyboard.html">HP Probook 4520S Laptop Keyboard The law was passed in December 2007 by a vote of 110–78, but the Constitutional Court of Hungary was "deeply concerned" that the law was a duplication of opposite-sex marriage benefits and entitlements, so same-sex couples only registration was chosen. Some politicians of the Alliance of Free Democrats and Hungarian Socialist Party parties have argued for the introduction of marriage for same-sex couples. TheRegistration Partnership Act 2009 comes into effect from July 1, 2009.[32]ELL Inspiron N4050 Laptop Keyboard Education on the Davis campus dates back to 1918, shortly after opening, with a training program to prepare teachers to provide instruction in raising crops and animals commercially. The School of Education, formed in 2002 as a reconstitution of a long-standing division within the College of Letters and Sciences, is built on a legacy that began with the first teacher-training program on the Davis campus 85 years ago. Lenovo ThinkPad Edge E525 Laptop Keyboard Focus areas at the School of Education are aligned with the needs of the State: English learners; math, science and technology; neurodevelopment and education; literacy; and policy. Efforts in faculty hiring, program development and partnership building focus on those needs. The school is expanding its work with practicing educators through professional development programs and graduate degree programs designed especially for veteran educators. As part of a land-grant university, the School has a role in training teachers and education leaders, providing policy analysis and recommendations, conducting research to improve instruction, and increasing the public’s awareness and knowledge of education issues.  FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard The Capital Area North Doctorate in Educational Leadership, CANDEL, is a joint doctoral program in Educational Leadership Ed.D between the University of California at Davis and Sonoma State University. Serving the greater Sacramento and northern California areas, the EdD program is designed to produce exemplary leaders in schools, FUJITSU Lifebook E8310 Laptop Keyboard community colleges and related areas within education. Formulated in 2005, CANDEL is fully accredited by WASC and aims to cultivate educational leaders from public schools, community colleges, state and local educational agencies, and organizations serving education in California. Program participants include principals, district office and county office of education staff, teachers, consultants, community college presidents and vice-chancellors and other current or aspiring leaders. TOSHIBA Satellite P105-S6114 Laptop Keyboard The MA Program in Education offers three tracks: a general track that serves a broad range of student research interests and career plans, a Practicing Teachers track that offers research training and experience focused on classroom-based inquiry and instructional intervention, and an MA/Credential track that integrates the MA with the Teaching Credential and focuses particularly on classroom-based research. HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa Laptop Keyboard The Teaching Credential Program, in conjunction with the MA Program's MA/Credential track, offers qualified students the option to obtain both a Master of Arts in Education degree and a Multiple Subject or Single Subject Credential (optional BCLAD emphasis) in a combined five-quarter program. HP Mini 210-1199DX Laptop Keyboard The National Research Council was organized in 1916 in response to the increased need for scientific and technical services caused by World War I. On June 1, 1917, the council convened a meeting of scientific representatives of the UK and France with interested parties from the US on the subject of submarine detection. The results obtained and the problems in the work were discussed. Compaq Presario CQ42-228LA Laptop Keyboard A further meeting with the British and French was held in Paris in October 1918 at which more details of their work was disclosed. As a result of this, the council recommended that US scientists be brought together to work on the problems. A New York Group worked on "supersonics" as did a San Pedro Group. A New London Group worked on binaural receivers, while Chicago and Wisconsin Groups were assigned various problems in support of the other groups.  HP 535689-001 Laptop Keyboard Due to the success of Council-directed research in producing a sound-based method of detecting submarines, as well as other military innovations, the NRC was retained at the end of the war, though it was gradually decoupled from the military. The Research Council is currently administered jointly by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine, and its work is overseen by a Governing Board and an Executive ACER Aspire 5738PZG Laptop Keyboard The president of the National Academy of Sciences is the chair of both the Governing Board and Executive Committee; the president of the National Academy of Engineering is vice chair. Its members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of its committees are chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. Its reports are reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee (also consisting of members from the NAS, NAE, and IOM). HP G72-b08EG Laptop Keyboard The Sierra Club is governed by a 15-member volunteer Board of Directors.[4] Each year, five directors are elected to three-year terms, and all club members are eligible to vote. A president is elected annually by the Board from among its members and receives a small stipend. The Executive Director runs the day-to-day operations of the group and is a paid staff member. On January 20, 2010, the club announced that its new executive director is Michael Brune, formerly ofRainforest Action Network.[5] Brune succeeded Carl Pope, who continued in the role of chairman before stepping down in November 2011. SONY VAIO VGN NR160E Laptop Keyboard All club members also belong to chapters (usually state-wide, except in California) and to local groups. The state of California has 14 chapters. National and local special-interest sections, committees, and task forces address particular issues. Policies are set at the appropriate level, but on any issue the club has only one policy.[6]DELL V119525BS1 Laptop Keyboard In addition to the members who are active as volunteers, the club has approximately 500 paid staff members. Many of them work at the national headquarters inSan Francisco, California, but some work in the lobbying office in Washington, D.C. and in numerous state and regional offices.  HP 605344-001 Laptop Keyboard All members receive Sierra magazine, a bimonthly glossy magazine describing the club's activities and spotlighting various environmental issues. Each chapter publishes a newsletter and/or schedule of activities, as do many local groups. The Sierra Club also has a weekly radio show called Sierra Club Radio.[7]COMPAQ Presario C710EL Laptop Keyboard In 2001, the Committee on the Science of Climate Change of the National Research Council published Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions. This report explicitly endorsed the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's findings as representing the view of the scientific community: HP 593298-001 Laptop Keyboard The changes observed over the last several decades are likely mostly due to human activities, but we cannot rule out that some significant part of these changes is also a reflection of natural variability. Human-induced warming and associated sea level rise are expected to continue through the 21st century... The IPCC's conclusion that most of the observed warming of the last 50 years is likely to have been due to the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations accurately reflects the current thinking of the scientific community on this issue.[1]ACER Aspire 4750G Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In the first decade of the 1900s, the Sierra Club became embroiled in the famous Hetch Hetchy Reservoir controversy that divided preservationists from "resource management" conservationists. For years the city of San Francisco had been having problems with a privately owned water company that provided poor service at high prices. Mayor James D. Phelan’s reform administration wanted to set up a municipally owned water utility. He revived an earlier proposal to dam the Hetch Hetchy valley. The final straw was the water company's failure to provide adequate water to fight the fires that destroyed much of the city following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. COMPAQ 6710s Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Gifford Pinchot, a progressive supporter of public utilities and head of the US Forest Service, which then had jurisdiction over the national parks, supported the creation of the Hetch Hetchy dam. Muir appealed to his friend US President Roosevelt, who would not commit himself against the dam, given its popularity with the people of San Francisco (a referendum in 1908 confirmed a seven-to-one majority in favor of the dam and municipal water). Muir and attorney William Edward Colby began a national campaign against the dam, attracting the support of many eastern conservationists. With the 1912 election of US President Woodrow Wilson, who carried San Francisco, supporters of the dam had a friend in the White House. HP Pavilion dv7-1199ef Laptop CPU Cooling Fan DELL BNTA0815R5H Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The bill to dam Hetch Hetchy passed Congress in 1913, and so the Sierra Club lost its first major battle. In retaliation, the Club supported creation of theNational Park Service in 1916, to remove the parks from Forest Service oversight. Stephen Mather, a Club member from Chicago and an opponent of Hetch Hetchy dam, became the first National Park Service director.[10]SONY Vaio VGN-CR322H Laptop CPU Cooling Fan HP Pavilion dv2504tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan

Partager cet article

Repost 0
Published by batterys
commenter cet article

commentaires