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University of California, San Francisco The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is a center of health sciences research, patient care, and education; located in San Francisco, California. Though one of the ten campuses of the University of California, it is unique for being the only University of California campus dedicated solely to graduate education, and in health andbiomedical sciences. Some of UCSF's treatment centers include kidney transplants and liver transplantation, radiology,neurosurgery, neurology, oncology, ophthalmology, gene therapy, women's health, fetal surgery, pediatrics, and internal medicine.  DELL Vostro 3500 Laptop Keyboard Founded in 1873, the mission of UCSF is to serve as a "public university dedicated to saving lives and improving health." The UCSF Medical Center is consistently[4] ranked among the top 10 hospitals in the United States by U.S. News & World Report,[5] who also ranked UCSF’s medical school specialty program in AIDS medical care first in the country. SONY VAIO PCG-FR315M Laptop Keyboard UCSF is administered separately from Hastings College of Law, another UC institution located in San Francisco. In recent years, UCSF and UC Hastings have increased their collaboration, including the formation of the UCSF/Hastings Consortium on Law, Science, and Health Policy.[6]HP 597635-001 Laptop Keyboard UCSF traces its history to Dr. Hugh H. Toland, a South Carolina surgeon who found great success and wealth after moving to San Francisco in 1852.[7] A previous school, the Cooper Medical College of the University of Pacific (founded 1858), entered a period of uncertainty in 1862 when its founder, Dr. Elias Samuel Cooper, died.[8] In 1864, Toland founded a new medical school, Toland Medical College, and the faculty of Cooper Medical College chose to suspend operations and join the new school.[8]TOSHIBA Satellite P500 Laptop Keyboard The University of California was founded in 1868, and by 1870 Toland Medical School began negotiating an affiliation with the new public university.[9] Meanwhile, some faculty of Toland Medical School elected to reopen the Medical Department of the University of the Pacific, which would later become Stanford University School of Medicine.[10] Negotiations between the Toland and the UC were complicated by Toland's demand that the medical school continue to bear his name, which he finally conceded.[9] In March 1873, the trustees of Toland Medical College transferred it to the Regents of the University of California, and it became "The Medical Department of the University of California."[9]SONY VAIO VGN NR385E/T Laptop Keyboard Parnassus serves as the main campus and includes numerous research labs, the 600 bed UCSF Medical Center, Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute, and UCSF Children's Hospital. The Schools of Dentistry, Pharmacy, Medicine, Nursing, and the Biomedical Sciences graduate program are also located at Parnassus. It also houses the UCSF neurology outpatient practice that serves as a referral center of most of Northern California and Reno, Nevada. TOSHIBA NSK-TBD01 Laptop Keyboard UCSF's Beckman Vision Center is also located at the Parnassus campus. It is a center for the diagnosis, treatment and research of all areas of eye care, including vision correction surgery.Also located on the Parnassus campus is the UCSF Fetal Treatment Center, multidisciplinary care center dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment, and long-term follow-up of fetal birth defects. HP Mini 210-1109TU Laptop Keyboard UCSF's Mission Bay Campus, also located in San Francisco, is the largest ongoing biomedical construction project in the world.[11] The 43-acre (17 ha) Mission Bay campus, opened in 2003 with construction still ongoing, contains additional research space and facilities to foster biotechnology and life sciences companies. It will double the size of UCSF's research enterprise over the next 10 years. The biotechnology company Genentech contributed $50 million toward construction of a building as part of a settlement regarding alleged theft of UCSF technology several decades earlier.[12COMPAQ Presario C700 Laptop Keyboard Also located on the Mission Bay campus, the Arthur and Toni Rembe Rock Hall was designed by César Pelli and opened in February 2004. The building is named in honor of Arthur Rock and his wife, who made a $25 million gift to the university.[13] Byers Hall serves as the headquarters for the California Institute for Biomedical Research (QB3), a cooperative effort between the UC campuses at San Francisco, Berkeley, and Santa Cruz. The building is named after venture capitalist Brook Byers, ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard co-chair of UCSF's capital campaign that concluded in 2005 and raised over $1.6 billion.[14] Additionally, the William J. Rutter Center, designed along with the adjacent 600-space parking structure by Ricardo Legorreta, opened in October 2005 and contains a fitness and recreation center, swimming pools, student services, and conference facilities. The building is named in honor of William J. Rutter, former chairman of the university's Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics and co-founder of Chiron Corporation.[15]DELL PVDG3 Laptop Keyboard A housing complex for 750 students and postdoctoral fellows and an 800-space parking garage also opened in late 2005. And a fourth research building, designed by Rafael Viñoly and named the Helen Diller Family Cancer Research Building, opened in June 2009. Two additional research buildings designated for neuroscience and cardiovascular research are currently in the planning and design phase.[16] UCSF is also in the early stages of planning for a new specialty hospital focused on women, children, and cancer to be built at the Mission Bay campus and scheduled to open by the end of 2014.[17]HP Probook 4515S Laptop Keyboard The Mount Zion campus contains UCSF's NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center, its Women's Health Center, the Osher Center for Integrative Medicine and outpatient resources. The San Francisco General Hospital campus cares for the indigent population of San Francisco and contains San Francisco's only Level I trauma center.[citation needed] The hospital itself is owned and operated by the city of San Francisco, but many of its doctors carry UCSF affiliation and maintain research laboratories at the hospital campus. The earliest cases of HIV/AIDS were discovered at SF General Hospital in the 1980s.[citation needed] To this day SF General Hospital has the world's leading HIV/AIDS treatment and research center.[citation needed] HP Mini 210-2013tu Laptop Keyboard UCSF is also affiliated with the San Francisco VA Hospital and the J. David Gladstone Institutes, a private biomedical research entity that has recently moved to a new building adjacent to UCSF's Mission Bay campus. The headquarters of the new California Institute for Regenerative Medicine are also located nearby in the Mission Bay neighborhood. TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard University of California, San Francisco is unique in that it performs only biomedical and patient-centered research in its Schools of Medicine, Pharmacy,Nursing, and Dentistry, and the Graduate Division, and their hundreds of associated laboratories. The university is known for innovation in medical research, public service, and patient care. UCSF's faculty includes five Nobel Prize winners, 31 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 69 members of the Institute of Medicine, and 30 members of the Academy of Arts and Sciences. UCSF confers a number of degrees, including Master of Science, Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Pharmacy, Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Dental Surgery, and Doctor of Physical Therapy in a variety of fields. HP 634139-001 Laptop Keyboard In 2012, the school of medicine ranked 5th overall among research-based medical schools by U.S. News & World Report.[20] In rankings of medical schools for primary care, UCSF ranked 3rd.[20] It is the only medical school in the nation to be ranked in the top 5 in both the research and primary care categories. In addition, the magazine ranked UCSF in the top 10 in seven of the eight medical school specialty programs assessed, including first in AIDS medical care, second in women's health, third in family medicine, and third in internal medicine.[20] The UCSF drug and alcohol abuse specialty ranks sixth nationally, while geriatrics ranks ninth, and pediatrics tenth.[20]Compaq Presario CQ42-228LA Laptop Keyboard In 2011, the School of Medicine was the second largest recipient of National Institutes of Health research funds among all US medical schools, and the first among all public medical schools, receiving awards totaling $532.8 million.[21] This figure rose from 2010 when the School of Medicine received a total of $475.4 million in NIH funds, but was still the largest public medical school recipient.[22]HP Pavilion DV6-1337tx Laptop Keyboard In 2011, the Academic Ranking of World Universities, published annually by Shanghai Jiaotong University, ranked UCSF 2nd in the world for Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy and 3rd in the world for Life and Agricultural Sciences.[18] The professional schools of the University of California, San Francisco are among the top in the nation, according to current (2012) US News and World Report graduate school and other rankings. The schools also rank at or near the top in research funding from the National Institutes of Health. In addition, the UCSF Medical Center in 2011 was ranked by US News and World Report the 7th-best hospital in the nation,[19] making it the highest-ranked medical center in northern California. TOSHIBA NSK-TBD01 laptop keyboard top 10 in all seven of the rated nursing specialties, including first for adult/medical-surgical nurse, family nurse practitioner and psychiatric/mental health nurse programs, and second for its adult nurse practitioner program. [20] The community/public health nursing program ranked fourth, while the pediatric nurse practitioner and the the gerontology/geriatrics practitioner specialties ranked eighth nationally.[20]HP Mini 210-2013tu laptop keyboard In 2011, US News and World Report named the UCSF Medical Center the seventh-best hospital in the nation, making it the highest-ranked medical center in Northern California. Among pediatric care centers, UCSF Children's Hospital ranked no. 16 – among the highest-rated children's medical service in California. Packard Bell EasyNote TJ61 Laptop Keyboard In the magazine's "America's Best Hospitals" survey, the UCSF Medical Center ranked best in Northern California – as well as among the best in the nation – in the following specialties: endocrinology, neurology/neurosurgery; gynecology; cancer; kidney disease; ophthalmology; respiratory disorders; rheumatology;urology; digestive disorders; ear, nose, and throat; psychiatry; heart and heart surgery; and pediatrics.[24]ACER TravelMate 5742 Laptop Keyboard The University of the Pacific (UOP or Pacific) is a private university in Stockton, California. It was first chartered on July 10, 1851, in Santa Clara, CA under the name California Wesleyan College, but it was later moved toSan Jose, and then to Stockton in 1923. Pacific is the oldest chartered university in California.[2] In addition to its liberal arts college, and its schools ofeducation, engineering, business, international studies and music, it has three professional graduate schools: the School of Dentistry in San Francisco, the School of Law in Sacramento, and the school of Pharmacy and Health Sciences located in Stockton. HP Pavilion G60-120EM Laptop Keyboard Pacific was once ranked among the top 100 national universities in the United States according to U.S. News & World Report, with its school of law similarly ranked among law schools. It has extensive collections pertaining to jazz musician and alumnus Dave Brubeck, who in 1953 released the live album Jazz at the College of the Pacific. It is also home to the papers of environmental pioneer John Muir.[3] University of the Pacific is also the home of K-PAC Student Radio and student-run newspaper The Pacifican. HP Pavilion ze5 Laptop Keyboard The medical school later became part of Stanford and is now California Pacific Medical Center. In 1871, the campus was moved to San Jose and the college opened its doors to women, becoming the first independent co-educational campus in California.[2][4] In 1878, the Conservatory of Music was established at Pacific, making it the first of its kind west of the Mississippi River.[2][4] In 1896, Napa College merged with the college. In 1911, the name was changed to College of the Pacific (COP or Pacific). HP Envy 17-2099el Laptop Keyboard In 1923, the campus relocated from the Bay Area to the city of Stockton[5] becoming the first institution of higher education in the Central Valley;[dubious – discuss] it became the University of the Pacific in 1961.[2] In 1962, Pacific merged with the San Francisco College of Physicians and Surgeons (established in 1896 in San Francisco), and then in 1966, with the McGeorge School of Law (established in 1924 in Sacramento). In the late 1960s, the university separated from the United Methodist Church, when “federal law about public funding of church-related institutions became an issue.”[6]HP G56-141US Laptop Keyboard In May 2007, the university announced an estate gift of $100 million from Robert C. and Jeannette Powell. The gift was unusual in its size for an institution like Pacific that is not primarily research-focused. Only 29 universities throughout the world received a larger gift in the prior 40 years[citation needed]. Lenovo 3000 N500 Laptop Keyboard The Stockton campus, featuring a tower, rose gardens, architectural columns, brick-faced buildings, and numerous[7] trees, was used in Hollywood films, due to its aesthetic likeness to East Coast Ivy League universities: High TimeRaiders of the Lost ArkKingdom of the Crystal SkullThe Sure ThingDead Man on Campus, and Dreamscape, among others.[8] Part of Disney's 1973 film The World's Greatest Athlete was also shot at Pacific. DELL Latitude E5500 Laptop Keyboard The Stockton campus is home to three main residential halls: Grace Covell Hall, Southwest Hall, and the Quad Buildings. The Quads are composed of several separate smaller residence halls in close proximity to each other. Grace Covell is the largest residence hall on campus holding more than 350 students while Southwest and the Quads hold a lower number of students. Upperclassmen can find housing in the University Townhouses on the northeast side of campus, McCaffrey Center Apartments located in the center of campus or in the two apartment buildings known as Monagan and Brookside Hall. HP G61-410SA Laptop Keyboard In 2008, the university opened a new University Center, at a cost of $38 million, to centralize all campus student-centered activities. The Don & Karen DeRosa University Center houses a new central dining hall, student cafe, pub, bookstore and conference centers, replacing the McCaffrey Center. It also built a new $20 million Biological Sciences Center in 2008 that provides advanced classroom and laboratory facilities for students studying the natural sciences and the health sciences. HP 540 Laptop Keyboard The university strives to promote environmental responsibility. Students are given opportunities to take part in sustainability service projects through the M.O.V.E. (Mountains, Ocean, Valley Experience) program. The on-campus dining services participates in the Farm to Fork Program, buying food locally where feasible. In 2009 students from the Residence for Earth & Environmental Living & Learning (a campus residential learning community), the Students for Environmental Action, and the Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences designed and implemented the “Tap That” campaign, whose goal was to inform students, faculty and staff about the effects of disposable water bottles on the environment. DELL Inspiron 1564 Laptop Keyboard Pacific's sustainability score was a D in 2009 and has risen to a C since then.[14][15] The University also has been listed in the Sierra Club's list of "Cool Schools," or Universities that value sustainability, for three years running.[16] The University also has opened several LEED Certified buildings in the past five years, including the Don and Karen DeRosa University Center, the John T. Chambers Technology Center, and the Vereschagin Alumni House [17]TOSHIBA Satellite L40-139 Laptop Keyboard The University of the Pacific is one of the most diverse campus in California and in the entire United States. Pacific currently ranks #17 for 'Campus Ethnic Diversity' in the nation.[20]Paradoxically, in 2012, WASC, the academic body responsible for accrediting private and public universities/colleges, gave the following recommendation to Pacific: "Under the leadership of the most senior levels of the administration, the team recommends that Pacific pursue diversityrelentlessly to be reflective of its local community and the composition of the Pacific family."[21]  Lenovo 45N2240 Laptop Keyboard This recommendation later prompted a response from an undergraduate student in theCollege of the Pacific. The student responded to WASC in the school's newspaper, The Pacifican; arguing against WASC's recommendation. The student's main argument was that Pacific ought to avoid pursuing diversity relentlessly and should instead pursue diversity meticulously.[22] Moreover, he contended that Pacific's mission has never been to recruit primarily in Stockton or the Central Valley. Pacific, the author argues, FUJITSU MCF-S6055AM05B Laptop CPU Cooling Fan does a better job educating the public than even California's public institutions (UC's and CSU's). Just because a school is public doesn't mean it educates the public. Another student published a rebuttal in The Pacificanagreeing that Pacific is diverse but that Pacific can do more and should do more.[23] The university is the only private institution in the United States with fewer than 10,000 students to offer degrees from eight different professional schools,[24] giving it the broad mix of undergraduate and professional education it offers.[24] SONY Vaio VPC-EE31FX Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Pacific offers more than 100 academic programs and more than 60 undergraduate degrees. In the 2010 U.S. News & World Report rankings, Pacific was ranked as the 99th best university, one of the top 40 best value colleges, and a top university for economic and ethnic diversity. Its undergraduate engineering school, need based aid, small class sizes, and low acceptance rate were also ranked as being noteworthy.[25] Numerous graduate degrees are offered including doctoral degrees in over 15 departments in five schools and colleges. Toshiba Satellite A215-S4767 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan University degrees include: One of six undergraduate schools of international studies in America and the only school on the west coast. S.I.S. has an interdisciplinary core curriculum taught by Anthropologists, Political Scientists, Economists and Historians. The school offers multiple B.A. and minor programs, an M.A. in Intercultural Relations as well as an online certificate program in Social Entrepreneurship. SONY Vaio VPC-EE31FX/T Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2006, the School of International Studies opened The Global Center for Social Entrepreneurship. The center conducts research into and serves as a gathering place for students interested in social entrepreneurship. Unlike most university social entrepreneurship centers, the program has an undergraduate, student-centered approach, incorporating both academic analysis and practical applications in the field.[34] HP Pavilion dv7-1020eg Laptop CPU Cooling Fan One of the leading microfinance lenders for Central America, the Katalysis Bootstrap Fund, relocated to the University of Pacific campus in 2006. Pacific is the first U.S. University to have a microfinance center operating on its campus.[35] Two University of the Pacific graduates have received Skoll Foundation awards for Social Entrepreneurship. In 2005, alumnus Martin Burt received an award for his agricultural education and rural entrepreneurship program, Fundación Paraguaya. In 2006, Sakena Yacoobi was recognized for her foundation Afghan Institute of Learning, which aims to restore education and health programs.[36]HP Pavilion G72-c55DX Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On August 22, 2012, the School of International Studies was folded under the umbrella of the College of the Pacific. It retains its status as a school, but its administrative structure is attached to the College of the Pacific's Dean's office.[37] Pacific had previously competed in the Division II California Collegiate Athletic Association conference but left in 1950. In 1952, Pacific became a charter member of the California Basketball Association, which soon became the West Coast Athletic Conference (WCAC) and is now the West Coast Conference. They remained in the WCAC until joining the Pacific Coast Athletic Association, now known as the Big West Conference, in 1969 for football and 1971 for other sports. Toshiba Satellite L645-S4038 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Facilities include the 2,500-seat Klein Family Field for baseball, the 350-seat Bill Simoni Field for softball, the 6,150-seat Alex G. Spanos Center for basketball and volleyball, the 30,000-seat Amos Alonzo Stagg Memorial Stadium for soccer (and high school football), the Hal Nelson Tennis Courts and the Chris Kjeldsen Pool. TOSHIBA Satellite l25-s1196 laptop keyboard University of the Pacific competes in NCAA Division I athletics as the Pacific Tigers in the Big West Conference, where they are the only private school in the conference. The athletics department sponsors 16 sports: baseball, men's and women's basketball, women's cross country, women's field hockey, men's golf, women's soccer, women's softball, men's and women's swimming, men's and women's tennis, men's and women's volleyball and men's and women's water polo. The university's two national championships have come in women's volleyball, a sport in which the school advanced to 24 straight NCAA Tournaments (1981–2004) and appeared in nine Final Fours (2 AIAW, 7 NCAA). SONY VAIO VGN-NW125J/T laptop keyboard The Pacific Tigers men's basketball program made three consecutive appearances in the NCAA Tournament (2004, 2005, 2006). Head coach Bob Thomason became the winningest head coach in Big West Conference men's basketball history when he collected his 206th career league victory on Feb. 14, 2009, surpassing the conference win total of former LBSU and UNLV head coach Jerry Tarkanian.[38]HP K031202I1 laptop keyboard In 2003-04, the Tigers were 25-8. They defeated Cal State Northridge, 75-73, in the 2004 Big West Conference championship game. They went on to the NCAA tournament and defeated number 5 seeded Providence in the first round. It was Pacific's second trip to the NCAA Tournament under Thomason (1996–97). Pacific also shared the Big West Conference regular season championship with a record of 17-1. Pacific has also achieved a 16-game winning streak three times under Thomason. SONY VAIO VGN-N37GH/B laptop keyboard In the 2004-05 season, the Tigers earned an at-large bid as an 8 seed in the NCAA Tournament and beat 9 seeded Pittsburgh in the first round. The 2004-05 Tigers finished the season with the best record in school history at 27-4. TOSHIBA Satellite A200-1AB laptop keyboard In 2005-06, after winning the Big West regular season and tournament titles, Pacific earned their third straight trip to the NCAA Tournament. As a 13 seed, the Tigers played 4th seed Boston College. Down 13, they tied the game to force overtime. In the first extra session, Pacific led by as many as six points, but Boston College came back to tie the game to force double overtime. Pacific eventually lost, 88-76. After 77 years of competition, Pacific ended its football program[39] after the 1995 season.[40]SONY VAIO VGN-SR290 laptop keyboard In April 2011, Athletics Director Lynn King announced he would step down in July 2011 to work on special projects for the University. Former Stanford Athletics Director and current University Vice President of External Relations Ted Leland was named as King's temporary replacement.[41] On March 28, 2012, it was announced that Pacific would rejoin the West Coast Conference, effective with the 2013–14 season.[42]TOSHIBA Satellite L675D-S7053 laptop keyboard On November 12, 2012, it was announced that Pacific would add three new sports teams to its roster - a men's soccer team, a women's track and field team and a women's beach volleyball team. All three were expected to start competition in 2013.[43] Former President Donald DeRosa retired on June 30, 2009. Pamela Eibeck became the university's 24th and first female president. HP G72-b09EG laptop keyboard The president is selected by the University's Board of Regents, consisting of 27 members, including U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Connie M. Callahan, U.S. District Court Judge Morrison England, and former NASA Astronaut Jose Hernandez. Former members may be named Emeritus Board Members. This list includes San Diego Chargers owner Alex G. Spanos. DELL Inspiron N4050 laptop keyboard Provost Philip N. Gilbertson served as the chief academic officer from 1996 through June 2010, overseeing all of the university's schools and divisions.[45] He retired on June 30, 2010. The university named Dr. Patrick J. Ferrillo, Jr., dean of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco, to fill the position while a search was completed for a permanent replacement. In February 2011, Dr. Maria Pallavicini, the dean of the School of Natural Sciences at UC Merced, was appointed provost.[46] The Council of Deans comprises all academic deans, associate and assistant provosts, the Director of Planning and Research, and the Academic Budget Officer. ASUS G51J Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2006, former Stanford Athletic Director Ted Leland returned to his undergraduate alma mater as Pacific's Vice President of University Advancement, but was appointed as Vice President of External Relations by President Eibeck in 2009. Leland was appointed temporary athletics director in 2011 while still assuming the vice presidential duties.[41]Toshiba Portege R705 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan HP G62-b09SA Laptop CPU Cooling Fan University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law is a private, American Bar Association (ABA) approved law school in the Oak Park neighborhood of the city of Sacramento, California. It is part of the University of the Pacific.  SONY Vaio VGN-SZ4MN/B Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Originally founded in 1924, the school merged with and became part of the University of the Pacific in 1966. The current dean of McGeorge School of Law is Francis J. Mootz III, formerly the William S. Boyd Professor of Law and associate dean for academic affairs and faculty development at the William S. Boyd School of Law at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Former CIA General Counsel Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker [2] stepped down on June 1, 2012, after 10 years as dean of McGeorge School of Law.  Toshiba Satellite A205-S4557 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The San Francisco Bay Area, commonly known as the Bay Area, is a populated region that surrounds the San Francisco andSan Pablo estuaries in Northern California, United States. The region encompasses the major cities and metropolitan areas of San Francisco, Oakland, and San Jose, along with smaller urban and rural areas.[2] The Bay Area's nine counties areAlameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma.[2][3] Home to approximately 7.15 million people,[1] the nine-county Bay Area contains many cities, towns, airports, and associated regional, state, andnational parks, connected by a network of roads, highways, railroads, bridges, tunnels and commuter rail. The combined urban area of San Jose and San Francisco is the 53rd largest urban area in the world.  HP Pavilion dv7-3150el Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The nine-county definition of the San Francisco Bay Area is not recognized by the United States Census Bureau; rather, they define a larger 11-county Combined Statistical Area (CSA) designated the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA, includingSanta Cruz and San Benito counties to the south; counties that do not have a border on the San Francisco Bay but are intricately tied economically, historically, and culturally to counties that do. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, this larger CSA contains 7.46 million people—the sixth-largest CSA in the U.S.[4]HP Pavilion dv6-3109ea Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The San Francisco Bay Area is renowned for its natural beauty, liberal politics, entrepreneurship, and diversity.[5][6] The area has high incomes; it includes the five highest California counties by per capita income and two of the top 25wealthiest counties in the United States, but the area's incomes are offset by the high cost of living. Toshiba Satellite A205-S5809 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan County, Napa County and extends eastward into Solano County. The city of Fairfield, being part of Solano County, is often considered the easternmost city of the North Bay. With few exceptions, this region is quite affluent: Marin County is ranked as the wealthiest in the state. The North Bay is relatively rural compared to the remainder of the Bay Area, with many areas of undeveloped open space, farmland and vineyards. Santa Rosa in Sonoma County is the North Bay's largest city, with a population of 167,815 and a Metropolitan Statistical Area population of 466,891, making it the fifth largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area. HP 606575-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The North Bay is the only section of the Bay Area that is not currently served by a commuter rail service. The lack of transportation services is mainly because of the lack of population mass in the North Bay, and the fact that it is separated completely from the rest of the Bay Area by water, the only access points being the Golden Gate Bridge leading to San Francisco, the Richmond-San Rafael and Carquinez Bridges leading to Richmond, and the Benicia-Martinez Bridgeleading to Martinez. SONY VAIO PCG-6N1L Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The area from San Francisco to the Silicon Valley, geographically part of the San Francisco Peninsula, is known locally as The Peninsula. This area consists of a series of cities and suburban communities in San Mateo County and the northwestern part of Santa Clara County, as well as various towns along the Pacificcoast, such as Pacifica and Half Moon Bay. This area is extremely diverse, although it contains significant populations of affluent family households with the exception of East Palo Alto and some parts of Redwood City. Many of the cities and towns had originally been centers of rural life until the post-World War II era when large numbers of middle and upper class Bay Area residents moved in and developed the small villages. Gateway NV55C Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Since the 1980s the area has seen a large growth rate of middle and upper-class families who have settled in cities like Palo Alto, Los Altos, Portola Valley, Woodside, and Atherton as part of the technology boom of Silicon Valley. Many of these families are of foreign background and have significantly contributed to the diversity of the area. The Peninsula is also home to what used to be one of the deadliest cities in the United States, East Palo Alto. Peninsula cities include: Atherton, Belmont, Brisbane, Burlingame,Colma, Daly City, East Palo Alto, Foster City, Half Moon Bay, Hillsborough, Los Altos, Los Altos Hills, Menlo Park, Millbrae, Mountain View, Palo Alto,Pacifica, Portola Valley, Redwood City, Redwood Shores, San Bruno, San Carlos, San Mateo, South San Francisco and Woodside. Toshiba Satellite P305-S8919 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Whereas the term peninsula technically refers to the entire geographical San Franciscan Peninsula, in local terms, The Peninsula does not include the city of San Francisco itself.[citation needed] San Francisco is surrounded by water on three sides; the north, east, and west. The city squeezes approximately 805,000 people in under 46.9 square miles (121 km2), making it the most densely populated major city in North America after New York City.[7]HP Pavilion dv6-3205tu Laptop CPU Cooling Fan HP Pavilion dv5-1040ec Laptop CPU Cooling Fan On any given day, there can be as many as 1 million people in the city because of the commuting population and tourism. San Francisco also has the largest commuter population of the Bay Area cities. The limitations of land area, however, make continued population growth challenging, and also has resulted in increased real estate prices. Though San Francisco is located at the tip of the peninsula, when the peninsula is discussed, it usually refers to the communities and geographic locations south of the city proper. SONY Vaio VGN-NW21EF Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The communities at the southern region of the San Francisco Bay Area are primarily located in what is known as Silicon Valley, or the Santa Clara Valley. These include the major city of San Jose, and its suburbs, including the high-tech hubs of Santa Clara, Milpitas, Cupertino, Sunnyvale as well as many other cities like Saratoga, Campbell, Los Gatos and the exurbs of Morgan Hill and Gilroy. Some Peninsula and East Bay towns are sometimes recognized as being in the Santa Clara Valley. Generally, the term South Bay refers to Santa Clara County, but the northwest portion of the county (Palo Alto, Mountain View, Los Altos and Los Altos Hills) is considered part of the Peninsula (even though these cities are in Santa Clara County). SONY Vaio VPC-EE3WFX/BJ Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Silicon Valley was primarily an agricultural center from the time of California's founding until World War II. During and after the war, working and middle-class families migrated to the area to settle and work in the burgeoning aerospace and electronics industries. The South Bay Area experienced rapid growth as agriculture was gradually replaced by high-technology. During this period, the Santa Clara Valley gradually became an urbanized metropolitan region. Today, the growth continues, fueled primarily by technology jobs, the weather, and immigrant labor. Urbanization is gradually replacing suburbanization as the population density of the valley increases.  Packard Bell Easynote TX86 Laptop Keyboard This trend has resulted in a huge increase in property values, forcing many middle-class families out of the area or into lower income neighborhoods in older sections of the region. The Santa Clara Valley also came to be known as Silicon Valley, as the area became the premier technology center of the United States. Some notable tech companies headquartered in the South Bay are AMD, Adobe, Intel, Cisco Systems, Hewlett-Packard, Apple, Google,eBay, Facebook and Yahoo!. Largely a result of the high technology sector, the San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area has the most millionaires and the most billionaires in the United States per capita.[8]ACER Aspire 3634WLMi Laptop Keyboard The population of the entire valley is part of the San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara metropolitan area, which has about 2 million residents. San Jose, the largest city in the Silicon Valley area, is the tenth most populous city in the United States and the most populous city in the Bay Area. San Jose is the oldest city in California and was its first capital. The city prides itself on being an environmentally conscious city. It recycles a greater percentage of its waste than any other large American city. Over the past several decades, Packard Bell EasyNote TJ75 Laptop Keyboard the South Bay Area has experienced rapid growth. To limit the effects of urban sprawl, planned communities were laid out to control growth. Urban growth boundaries have been established to protect remaining open space (primarily in the surrounding hills and southern border) from development. Most new growth has been urban infill in the form of high density housing to increase density rate. The growth rate has slowed, but the area continues to have steady growth. Packard Bell Easynote TK85 Laptop Keyboard San Jose is home to many sports teams both amateur and professional, such as the San Jose Sharks of the NHL, and the San Jose Earthquakes of the MLS. The South Bay has a large transportation infrastructure that includes many freeways, VTA bus service and light rail, Amtrak, and commuter rail such as Caltrain. The San Jose International Airport serves air traffic in the South Bay Area and is conveniently located just north of downtown in the center of Silicon Valley. Packard Bell NEW90 Laptop Keyboard The height of buildings in Downtown is limited (due to FAA regulations and city ordinance) because it is situated directly under the flight path. The South Bay is poised to have a more efficient transportation network with the extension of the BART system to San Jose, which would allow elevated/subway travel into San Francisco. San Jose will also be a major stop on the proposed California High-Speed Rail system.[9][10] Packard Bell PEW91 Laptop Keyboard Whether Santa Cruz and San Benito counties are considered part of the San Francisco Bay Area depends on the observer. For example, the regional governments in the San Francisco Bay Area, including the Association of Bay Area Governments, the Metropolitan Transportation Commission, the Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD), and the San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board (RWQCB) include only the nine counties above in their boundaries or membership. Compaq Presario CQ56-102SA Laptop Keyboard (The BAAQMD includes all of the nine counties except the northern portions of Sonoma and Solano; the RWQCB includes all of San Francisco and the portions of the other eight counties that drain to San Francisco Bay or to the Pacific Ocean.)[11] However, the United States Census Bureau defines the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Consolidated Statistical Area as an eleven-county region, including the nine counties above plus Santa Cruz and San Benito Counties.  DELL Inspiron MINI 1010 Laptop Keyboard Meanwhile, the California State Parks Department defines the Bay Area as including ten counties,[12] including Santa Cruz but excluding San Benito. On the other hand, Santa Cruz and San Benito along with Monterey County are part of a different regional government organization called the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments. Local media in the San Francisco Bay Area and travel guides often consider these two counties as part of the South Bay subregion, as they are greatly connected geographically, economically, and historically.[13][14][15][16][17]SONY VGN-FE11M Laptop Keyboard In 2011 the San Francisco Bay Area had a GDP of $518.1 billion, which would rank 20th among countries.[18] The Silicon Valley is located within the southern reaches of the Bay Area. The leading high technology region in the world, Silicon Valley covers San Jose and several cities of South Bay. The Valley is home to many of the industry leaders in technology such as Google, Yahoo!, Facebook, Cisco, Apple, Oracle, Marvell,Intel, and Hewlett-Packard. Major corporations in San Francisco, San Jose, Oakland, and the surrounding cities help make the region second in the nation in concentration of Fortune 500 companies, after New York.[19] The region's northern counties encompass California's famous Wine Country, Toshiba Satellite X205-SLi4 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan home to hundreds of vineyards and wineries. The Bay Area is a leader in sustainable agriculture, organic farming, and sustainable energy and for being a leading producer of high quality food, wine, and innovation in the culinary arts. California Cuisine was developed primarily in the Bay Area, as was the San Francisco burrito. The area is renowned for its natural beauty. It is also known as being one of the most expensive regions to live in the country.[5][20]Toshiba Satellite P305D-S8900 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Oakland, on the east side of the bay, has the fifth largest container shipping port in the United States. The city is also a major rail terminus.[21] Changes in house prices for the Bay Area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor'sand is also a component of S&P's 10-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market. SONY VAIO PCG-6N1L Laptop CPU Cooling Fan According to the 2010 United States Census, the population was 7.15 million in the nine counties bordering the San Francisco Bay.[1] In 2010 the racial makeup of the nine-county Bay Area was 52.5% White including white Hispanic, 6.7% non-Hispanic African American, 0.7% Native American, 23.3% Asian (7.9% Chinese, 5.1% Filipino, 3.3% Indian, 2.5% Vietnamese, 1.0% Korean, 0.9% Japanese, 0.2% Pakistani, 0.2% Cambodian, 0.2% Laotian, 0.1% Thai, 0.1% Burmese), HP Pavilion dv6-3267cl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan 0.6% Pacific Islander (0.1% Tongan, 0.1% Samoan, 0.1% Fijian, >0.1% Guamanian, >0.1% Native Hawaiian), 10.8% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. The population was 23.5% Hispanic or Latino of any race (17.9% Mexican, 1.3% Salvadoran, 0.6% Guatemalan, 0.6% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Nicaraguan, 0.3% Peruvian, 0.2% Cuban).[22]FUJITSU Lifebook T5010 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Chinese population of the Bay Area is concentrated in San Francisco, where 30% of the Bay Area's Chinese American population resides, as well as in Oakland and in the Silicon Valley region of the South Bay, which is also home to a significant Indian American community.[1] The San Francisco Bay Area is home to over 382,950 Filipino Americans, one of the largest communities of Filipino people outside of the Philippines with the largest proportion of Filipino Americans concentrating themselves within Daly City.[1][23] HP 580718-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan There are more than one hundred thousand people of Vietnamese ancestry residing within San Jose city limits, the largest population of any city in the world outside of Vietnam.[24] There is a sizable community of Korean Americans in Santa Clara County, and there is a large strip of Korean restaurants and businesses located in Santa Clara. East Bay cities such asRichmond and Oakland, and the North Bay city of Santa Rosa, have plentiful populations of Laotian and Cambodians in certain neighborhoods.[1]HP G42-415DX Laptop Keyboard Pacific Islanders such as Samoans and Tongans have the largest presence in East Palo Alto, San Mateo, San Bruno, Redwood City and the Bayview-Hunters Point and Visitacion Valley neighborhoods of San Francisco.[1] The Latino population is widely spread out through the Bay Area, but have largest populations in San Jose, in The Peninsula the cities of Redwood City, East Palo Alto, South San Francisco, as well the cities of San Mateo, and Daly City. East Bay cities namely Oakland, Richmond, Concord and Antioch, and in Sonoma County. San Francisco's Mission District is home to a thrivingMexican American community, as well as many residents of Salvadoran and Guatemalan descent.[1]TOSHIBA Satellite C650-182 Laptop Keyboard The African American population of the San Francisco Bay Area has always been significant in Oakland and Richmond, but other East Bay cities such as Antioch have received an influx of black residents. While mainly concentrated in the East Bay and in San Francisco, there are well established black neighborhoods located in the North Bay and in the South Bay. The South Park neighborhood of Santa Rosa was home to once a primarily black community until the 1980s, when many Latino immigrants settled in the area.[25] The Marin City community in Marin County has a significant black population. In the South Bay, East Palo Alto has the highest population of African Americans. IBM Lenovo ThinkPad X300 Laptop Keyboard San Francisco's North Beach district is considered the Little Italy of the city, and was once home to a significant Italian American community. San Francisco and Marin County both have substantial Jewish communities.[26] In 2007 the population density was 1,057 people per square mile. There were 2,499,702 housing units with an average family size of 3.3. Of the 2,499,702 households, approximately one-third were renter occupied housing units, while two-thirds were owner occupied housing units. 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 11.6% of households had someone 65 years of age or older, and 27.4% of households were non-families.[1]HP G62-372US Laptop Keyboard The San Francisco Bay Area is one of the wealthiest regions in the United States, due, primarily, to the economic power engines of San Francisco, Oakland andSan Jose. Pleasanton has the second highest household income in the country after New Canaan, CT. However, discretionary income is very comparable with the rest of the country, primarily because the higher cost of living offsets the increased income.[27]TOSHIBA Satellite L755-S5364 Laptop Keyboard Forty-seven Bay Area residents made the Forbes magazine's 400 richest Americans list, published in 2007.[28] Thirteen live within San Francisco proper, placing it seventh among cities in the world. Among the forty-seven were several well-known names such as Steve Jobs, George Lucas, and Charles Schwab. The highest-ranking resident is Larry Ellison of Oracle at No. 4. He is worth $19.5 billion. DELL Latitude E6410 Laptop Keyboard A study by Capgemini indicates that in 2009, 4.5% of all households within the San Francisco-Oakland and San Jose metropolitan areas held $1 million in investable assets, placing the region No. 1 in the United States (Metro New York City placed second at 4.3%).[29] As of 2007, there were approximately 80 public companies with annual revenues of over $1 billion a year, and 5–10 more private companies. Nearly 2/3 of these are in the Silicon Valley section of the Bay Area. According to the May 2010 Fortune Magazine analysis of the US "Fortune 500" companies, the combined San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland metropolitan region ranks second (after metro New York City and before Chicago) with 30 companies (May 2011, Fortune Magazine).[30]HP Pavilion DV7-2110tx Laptop Keyboard The San Francisco Bay Area is widely regarded as one of the most liberal areas in the country. According to the Cook Partisan Voting Index (CPVI), congressional districts the Bay Area tends to favor Democratic candidates by roughly 40 to 50 percentage points, considerably above the mean for California and the nation overall. All congressional districts in the region voted for Democrat Barack Obama over Republican John McCain in the 2008 Presidential Election. Over the last four and a half decades the 9-county Bay Area voted for Republican candidates only twice, once in 1972 for Richard Nixon and again in 1980 for Ronald Reagan, SAMSUNG NP-NC10-JP01 Laptop Keyboard both Californians. The last county to vote for a Republican Presidential candidate was Napa county in 1988 for George H. W. Bush. Districts were renumbered and boundaries changed after the 2010 census in accordance with new, less partisan, redistricting and primary election rules and procedures (see Politics of California), but with little effect within the Bay Area. SONY Vaio VGN-AW11M/H Laptop Keyboard Because the hills, mountains, and large bodies of water produce such vast geographic diversity within this region, the San Francisco Bay Area offers a significant variety of microclimates. The areas near the Pacific Ocean are generally characterized by relatively small temperature variations during the year, with cool foggy summers and mild rainy winters. Inland areas, especially those separated from the ocean by hills or mountains, have hotter summers and colder overnight temperatures during the winter. SAMSUNG Q330-JS09 Laptop Keyboard San Jose at the south end of the Bay averages fewer than 15 inches (380 mm) of rain annually, while Napa at the north end of the Bay averages over 30 and parts of the Santa Cruz Mountains just a few miles west of San Jose get over 55. In the summer, inland regions can be over 40 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) warmer than the coast. This large temperature contrast induces a strong pressure gradient, which results in brisk coastal winds which help keep the coastal climate cool and typically, foggy during the summer. Additionally, SONY Vaio PCG-K215Z Laptop Keyboard TOSHIBA Satellite L755D-SP5165RM Laptop Keyboard strong winds are produced through gaps in the coastal ranges such as the Golden Gate, the Carquinez Strait, and the Altamont Pass, the latter the site of extensive wind farms. During the fall and winter seasons, when not stormy, a high pressure area is usually present inland, leading to an offshore flow. While negatively impacting air quality, this also clears fog away from the Pacific shore, and so the best weather in San Francisco can usually be found from mid September through mid October. Winter storms are typically wet and mild in temperature during this time of year, being caused by cold fronts sweeping the eastern Pacific and often originating in the Gulf of Alaska. IBM Lenovo ThinkPad R51e-1834 Laptop Keyboard During November into mid March, winter storms are usually several days in length, wet and cool, with severely damaging storms rare. There is also recorded snowfall on San Francisco Bay Area peaks, such as Mount St. Helena, Tamalpais, Diablo and Hamilton. Snow levels range every given year from 1000 feet in Sonoma County to 2,000 ft in Contra Costa, San Mateo, and Santa Clara counties the during the winter. Greater recorded snowfall amounts are generally recorded once every 5 to 10 years. In February 2001, ACER Aspire 7340 Laptop Keyboard 30 inches (76 cm) of snow fell on Mount Hamilton (4360 ft), 17 inches on Mount Tamalpais (2,574 ft) and 10 inches on Mount Diablo (3,864

 ft). Occasionally during the late Summer or early Autumn, spells of warm humid weather will drift over the Bay Area from the Southwest Monsoon or from the residue of Western Pacific hurricanes near Mexico, usually bringing high variable clouds as well, and more rarely, high-based thunderstorms. ACER 90.4CD07.S1D Laptop Keyboard Despite its urban and industrial character, San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta remain perhaps California's most important ecological habitats. California's Dungeness crab, Pacific halibut, and Pacific salmonfisheries rely on the bay as a nursery. The few remaining salt marshes now represent most of California's remaining salt marsh, supporting a number of endangered species and providing key ecosystem services such as filtering pollutants and sediments from the rivers. HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Laptop Keyboard Most famously, the bay is a key link in the Pacific Flyway. Millions of waterfowl annually use the bay shallows as a refuge. Two endangered species of birds are found here: the California least tern and the California clapper rail. Exposed bay muds provide important feeding areas forshorebirds, but underlying layers of bay mud pose geological hazards for structures near many parts of the bay perimeter. San Francisco Bay provided the nation's first wildlife refuge, Oakland's artificial Lake Merritt(constructed in the 1860s) and America's first urban National Wildlife Refuge, the Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge (SFBNWR) (1972). The Bay is also invaded by non-native species. COMPAQ Presario C700 Laptop Keyboard、 Steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) populations in California have dramatically declined due to human and natural causes. The Central California Coast distinct population segment (DPS) was listed as threatened under theFederal Endangered Species Act on August 18, 1997; threatened status was reaffirmed on January 5, 2006. This DPS includes all naturally spawned anadromous steelhead populations below natural and manmade impassable barriers in California streams from the Russian River to Aptos Creek, and the drainages of San Francisco, San Pablo, and Suisun Bays.[36][37] The U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service has a detailed description of threats. ACER Aspire 7340 Laptop Keyboard The Central California Coast Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) Evolutionary Significant Unit (ESU) population is the most endangered of the many troubled salmon populations on the West Coast.[38] It was listed as threatened on October 31, 1996 and later downgraded to endangered status on June 28, 2005.[39] The ESU includes all naturally spawned populations of coho salmon from Punta Gorda in northern California south to and including the San Lorenzo River in central California, HP Pavilion dv6-3205tu Laptop Keyboard as well as populations in tributaries to San Francisco Bay. The National Park Servicehas made major recent investments in restoring the tidal wetlands at the mouths of Lagunitas Creek and Redwood Creek including levee removal and placement of large woody debris in the creeks, which provide shelter to salmonids during heavy stream flows and flooding. Lagunitas Creek's coho population is especially important, as 80% of the ESU depends on this stream draining the north slope of Mount Tamalpais.[40] This year's coho count dropped to 64 from an average of 600 in previous years.[38]FUJITSU Amilo Mini Ui 3520 Laptop Keyboard Western Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) were listed as a Species of Special Concern (a pre-listing category under the Endangered Species Act) by the California Department of Fish and Game in 1979. California's population declined 60% from the 1980s to the early '90s, and continues to decline at roughly 8% per year.[41] In 1994, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service nominated the Western Burrowing Owl as a Federal Category 2 candidate for listing as endangered or threatened, but loss of habitat continues due to development of the flat, grassy lands used by the owl. A 1992–93 survey reported no breeding burrowing owls in Napa, IBM Lenovo ThinkPad R51e-1834 Laptop Keyboard Marin, and San Francisco counties, and only a few in San Mateo and Sonoma. The Santa Clara County population is declining and restricted to a few breeding locations, leaving only Alameda, Contra Costa, andSolano counties as the remnant breeding range.[42] Despite organized protests at Kiper Homes' Blue Ridge property inAntioch, California by Friends of East Bay Owls, one-way doors were installed in the birds' burrows so that the owl families could not return to their nests in early 2010.[43] In addition, in 2008, Mountain View, California evicted a pair of burrowing owls so that it could sell a parcel of land to Google to build a hotel at Shoreline Boulevard and Charleston Road.[44] Eviction of the owls is controversial because the birds regularly reuse burrows for years, and there is no requirement that suitable new habitat be found for the owls. IBM Lenovo ThinkPad R50E Laptop Keyboard Much of the SFBNWR consists of salt evaporation ponds acquired from the Leslie Salt Company and its successor, Cargill Corporation through a series of land sales and donations. Many of these salt ponds remain in operation and produce salt used throughout the Western United States in food, agriculture, industry and medicine. The refuge pond support dense populations of brine shrimp, and therefore serving as feeding areas for waterfowl. In 2003, the US Fish & Wildlife TOSHIBA Satellite C655D-S5126 Laptop Keyboard Service and California Department of Fish & Game entered one of the largest private land purchases in American history, with the state and federal governments paying $100 million for 15,100 acres (65 km²) of salt ponds (which government appraisers valued at $243 million prior to the acquisition) in the south bay and 1,400 acres near the Napa River. SFBNWR and state biologists hope to restore some of the recently purchased ponds as tidal wetlands. DELL Latitude D830 Laptop Keyboard Aquatic mammals recently re-colonizing the Bay Area include the California Golden Beaver (Castor canadensis) which is now established on Alhambra Creek inMartinez, Napa River and Sonoma Creek; and North American River Otter (Lontra canadensis) which was first reported in Redwood Creek at Muir Beach in 1996,[45]and recently in Corte Madera Creek, and in the south Bay on Coyote Creek,[46] as well as in 2010 in San Francisco Bay itself at the Richmond Marina. Sea otter(Enhydra lutris) were hunted to extinction in San Francisco Bay by about 1817.  HP 496878-001 Laptop Keyboard Historical records reveal that the Russian-American Company snuck Aleuts into San Francisco Bay multiple times, despite the Spanish capturing or shooting them while hunting sea otters in the estuaries of San Jose, San Mateo, San Bruno and around Angel Island.[47] The founder of Fort Ross, Ivan Kuskov, finding otter scarce on his second voyage to Bodega Bay in 1812, sent Russian ships and hired an American ship to hunt otter in the Bay, catching 1,160 sea otter in three months.[48] HP Compaq NC8430 Laptop Keyboard Humphrey the Whale, a humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), entered San Francisco Bay twice on errant migrations, and was successfully rescued and redirected each time in the late 1980s and early 1990s. This occurred again with Dawn and Delta a mother and calf in 2007. The seasonal range of water temperature in the Bay is from about 8 °C (46 °F) to about 23 °C (73 °F). COMPAQ Presario C700 Laptop Keyboard Industrial, mining, and other uses of mercury have resulted in a widespread distribution of that poisonous metal in the bay, with uptake in the bay'sphytoplankton and contamination of its sportfish.[49] In November 2007, a ship named Cosco Busan collided with the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge and spilled over 58,000 gallons of bunker fuel, creating the largest oil spill in the region since 1996.[50]DELL Vostro PP37L Laptop Keyboard In March, 2012 a Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) nest was reported on the northwest arm of Lower Crystal Springs Reservoir and upper San Mateo Creek. This is the first bald eagle breeding pair on the San Francisco Peninsula since 1915, when they nested in La Honda, almost one hundred years ago. The birds were once common in the Bay Area.  HP G42-228CA Laptop Keyboard While visiting Santa Clara County in 1855, physician naturalist James G. Cooper described "a nest of this bird large enough to fill a wagon, built in a large sycamore tree, standing alone in the prairie. Habitat destruction and thinning of eggs from (now banned) DDT poisoning reduced the California state population to 35 nesting pairs at their lowest point. In the 1980s re-introductions began with the Santa Cruz Predatory Bird Research Group and the San Francisco Zoo began importing birds and eggs from Vancouver Island and northeastern California in the late 1980s.[51]GATEWAY M-1617 Laptop Keyboard TOSHIBA Satellite U305-S2812 Laptop Keyboard ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard

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