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University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign (U of IUniversity of IllinoisUIUC, or simply Illinois) is a public research-intensive university in the U.S. state of Illinois. It is the flagship campus of the University of Illinois system. The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign is the second oldest public university in the state (after Illinois State University), HP G62-a50SM Laptop Keyboard and is a founding member of the Big Ten Conference. It is considered a Public Ivy[5][6][7][8][9][10] [11] and is a member of the Association of American Universities. The university is designated as a RU/VH Research University (very high research activities).[12] The campus library system possesses the second-largest university library in the United States and the fifth-largest in the country overall.[13]TOSHIBA Mini NB 505-SP0160 Laptop Keyboard The university comprises 17 colleges that offer more than 150 programs of study. Additionally, the university operates an extension[14] that serves 2.7 million registrants per year around the state of Illinois and beyond. The campus holds 286 buildings on 1,468 acres (594 ha) in the twin cities of Champaign and Urbana; its annual operating budget in 2011 was over $1.7 billion.[15]HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Laptop Keyboard The Morrill Act of 1862 granted each state in the United States a portion of land on which to establish a major public state university, one which could teach agriculture, mechanic arts, and military training, "without excluding other scientific and classical studies."[16] This phrase would engender controversy over the University's initial academic philosophies, polarizing the relationship between the people of Illinois and the University's first president, John Milton Gregory.[17]TOSHIBA Satellite A300 Laptop Keyboard After a fierce bidding war between a number of Illinois cities, Urbana was selected in 1867 as the site for the new school.[16] From the beginning, Gregory's desire to establish an institution firmly grounded in the liberal artstradition was at odds with many State residents and lawmakers who wanted the university to offer classes based solely around "industrial education"[18] The University finally opened for classes on March 2, 1868, with only two faculty DELL Vostro 1510 Laptop Keyboard members and a small group of students. The debate between the liberal arts curriculum and industrial education continued in the University's inaugural address, as Dr. Newton Bateman outlined the various interpretations of the Morrill Act in his speech.[19] Gregory's thirteen-year tenure would be marred by this debate. Clashes between Gregory and legislators and lawmakers forced his resignation from his post as president in 1880, HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa Laptop Keyboard saying "[I am] staggering under too heavy a load of cares, and irritated by what has sometimes seemed as needless opposition."[17] Today, Gregory is largely credited with establishing the University and forming it into the major interdisciplinary university it is today. Gregory's grave is still located on the Urbana campus, situated between Altgeld Hall and the Henry Administration Building. His marker (mimicking the epitaph of British architect Christopher Wren) reads, "If you seek his monument, look about you." SAMSUNG Q330-JS02 Laptop Keyboard The original name in 1867 was "Illinois Industrial University." In 1885, the Illinois Industrial University officially changed its name to the University of Illinois, reflecting its holistic agricultural, mechanical, and liberal arts curricula.[18] This remained the official name for nearly 100 years, until it was changed to The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in 1982, ostensibly to establish a separate identity for the campus within the University of Illinois system. However, after a century's use, Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard UIUC continues to be known and referred to as "The University of Illinois", or just "Illinois"; this is true in both the media,[24][25]and on many of UIUC's web pages.[26][27][28] Starting in 2008, the university began strongly rebranding itself as "Illinois" rather than UIUC, changing the website URL from uiuc.edu to Illinois.edu as well as all email addresses. TOSHIBA Satellite L655-S5071 Laptop Keyboard Following World War II, under president David Henry, the university experienced rapid growth—doubling its enrollment and significantly improving its academic standing.[20] This period was also marked by large growth in the Graduate College and increased federal support of scientific and technological research. The state of Illinois supplied roughly two-thirds of the university's budget while the federal government funded 90% of research.[21] In recent years, state support has declined from 4.5% of the state's tax appropriations in 1980 to 2.28% in 2011, a nearly 50% decline.[22] As a result, the university's budget has strongly shifted away from relying on state support with nearly 84% of the budget now coming from other sources.[23]HP Envy 15-1050nr Laptop Keyboard The main research and academic facilities are divided almost exactly between the twin cities of Urbana and Champaign. TheCollege of Agriculture, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences' research fields stretch south from Urbana and Champaign into Savoyand Champaign County. The university maintains formal gardens and a conference center in nearby Monticello at Allerton Park. HP 636191-001 Laptop Keyboard U of I is one of the few educational institutions to own an airport.[31] Willard Airport, named for former University of Illinois president Arthur Cutts Willard, is located in Savoy. It was completed in 1945 and began service in 1954. Willard Airport is home to University research projects and the University's Institute of Aviation, along with flights from American Airlines. DELL Latitude E5500 Laptop Keyboard The campus is based on the quadrangle design popular at many universities. Four main quads compose the center of the university and are arranged from north to south. The Beckman Quadrangle and the John Bardeen Quadrangle occupy the center of theEngineering Campus. Boneyard Creek flows through the John Bardeen Quadrangle, paralleling Green Street. The Beckman Quadrangle is primarily composed of research units and laboratories, and features a large solar calendar consisting of an obelisk and several copper fountains. The Main Quadrangle and South Quadrangle follow immediately after the John Bardeen Quad. The former makes up a large part of theLiberal Arts and Sciences portion of the campus, while the latter comprises many of the buildings of the College of ACES spread across the campus map.[32]Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard In October 2010, the Sustainable Endowments Institute gave the campus a grade of B for sustainability in its 2011 College Sustainability Report Card. Strengths noted in the report included the campus's adoption of LEED gold standards for all new construction and major renovations and its public accessibility to endowment investment information. The university makes a list of endowment holdings and its shareholder voting record available to the public. TOSHIBA NB100-11G Laptop Keyboard The weaknesses are areas such as student involvement and investment priorities. The student sustainability committee is empowered to allocate funding from a clean energy technology fee and a sustainable campus environment fee, while the university aims to optimize investment return but has not made any public statements about investigating or investing in renewable energy funds or community development loan funds. HP Envy 15 Laptop Keyboard In his remarks on the creation of the Office of Sustainability in September 2008, Chancellor Richard Herman stated, "I want this institution to be the leader in sustainability."[34] In February 2008, he signed the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment, committing the University of Illinois to take steps "in pursuit of climate neutrality."[citation needed]HP 634139-001 Laptop Keyboard The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign is often regarded as a world-leading magnet for engineering and sciences (both applied and basic).[citation needed]Having been classified into the category comprehensive doctoral with medical/veterinary and very high research activity,[35] by The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Packard Bell NEW90 Laptop Keyboard Illinois offers a wide range of disciplines in undergraduate and postgraduate programs. It is also listed as one of the Top 25 American Research Universities by The Center for Measuring University Performance.[36] Beside annual influx of grants and sponsored projects, the university manages an extensive modern research infrastructure.[37] The university has been a leader in computer based education and hosted the PLATO project, which was a precursor to the internet and resulted in the development of the plasma display. Compaq Presario CQ71-401SA Laptop Keyboard The university hosts the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), which created Mosaic, the first graphical Web browser, the foundation upon which Mozilla Firefox and Microsoft Internet Explorer are based, the Apache HTTP server, and NCSA Telnet. The Parallel@Illinois program hosts several programs in parallel computing, including the Universal Parallel Computing Research Center. The university contracted with Cray to build the National Science Foundation-funded supercomputer Blue Waters after IBM backed out in August 2012.[38][39] HP Pavilion dv6-2173cl Laptop Keyboard Blue Waters will be capable of sustained performance of one quadrillion calculations per second and peak performance of more than eleven quadrillion calculations per second.[40] The system also boasts the largest online storage system in the world with more than 25 petabytes of usable space.[41] The university whimsically celebrated January 12, 1997 as the "birthday" of HAL 9000, the fictional supercomputer from the novel and film 2001: A Space Odyssey; in both works, HAL credits "Urbana, Illinois" as his place of operational origin. DELL Inspiron N4050 Laptop Keyboard In 1952, the university built the ILLIAC (Illinois Automatic Computer), the first computer built and owned entirely by an educational institution. U of I is also the site of the Department of Energy's Center for the Simulation of Advanced Rockets, an institute which has employed graduate and faculty researchers in the physical sciences and mathematics. SONY VAIO VGN-FS415S Laptop Keyboard It performs materials science and condensed matter physics research, and is home to Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory as well as the Micro and Nanotechnology Laboratory. Two complexes for research and teaching recently opened, Siebel Center for Computer Science in 2004 and the Institute for Genomic Biology in 2006. The Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, however, is still the largest interdisciplinary facility on campus with 313,000 square feet (29,100 m2). The university also conducts agricultural and horticultural research. HP Probook 4320s Laptop Keyboard The Prairie Research Institute is located on campus and is the home of the Illinois Natural History Survey, Illinois State Geological Survey, Illinois State Water Survey, and Illinois Sustainable Technology Center which have been located on the campus throughout their histories, but were Illinois state government agencies until the formation of the Institute within the University in 2008. Since 1957 the Illinois Transportation Archaeological Research Program (ITARP)has conducted archaeological and historical compliance work for the Illinois Department of Transportation. In 2010, SONY VAIO PCG-FR285M Laptop Keyboard ITARP became the Illinois State Archaeological Survey (ISAS) and joined the Prairie Research Institute. Researchers at the Prairie Research Institute are engaged in basic and applied research in agriculture and forestry, biodiversity and ecosystem health, atmospheric resources, climate and associated natural hazards, cultural resources and history of human settlements, disease and public health, emerging pests, fisheries and wildlife, energy and industrial technology, mineral resources, pollution prevention and mitigation, and water resources. The Institute is a repository of specimens which serve as research collections on the Illinois environment. HP Pavilion dv6-2173cl Laptop Keyboard The Illinois Natural History Survey biological collections include insects, crustaceans, molluscs, annelids, reptiles and amphibians, birds, mammals, algae, bryophytes, fungi, and vascular plants; the insect collection is among the largest in North America and digitization collections is currently underway with funding from theNational Science Foundation. The Illinois State Geological Survey houses the legislatively mandated Illinois Geological Samples Library, a repository for drill-hole samples in Illinois, HP Pavilion dv6-2170us Laptop Keyboard including cores drilled for mineral exploration and geologic investigations, as well as paleontological collections. ISAS serves as a repository for a large collection of Illinois archaeological artifacts now numbering over 17,000 boxes. One of the major collections is from the Cahokia Mounds,[42] for which ISAS has over 550 boxes. An on-line database will soon be mounted for the Cahokia collection, funded by a 2008–2010 National Endowment for the Humanities grant. Lenovo 45N2240 Laptop Keyboard In the February 24, 2004 talk as part of his Five Campus Tour (Harvard, MIT, Cornell, Carnegie-Mellon and Illinois),[43] titled "Software Breakthroughs: Solving the Toughest Problems in Computer Science," Bill Gates has mentioned that Microsoft hires more graduates from the University of Illinois than from any other university in the world.[44] Alumnus William M. Holt, a Senior Vice-President of Intel, also mentioned in a campus talk in September 27, 2007 entitled "R&D to Deliver Practical Results: Extending Moore's Law"[45] that Intel hires more PhD graduates from the University of Illinois than from any other university in the country. HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Laptop Keyboard In 2007, the university-hosted research Institute for Condensed Matter Theory (ICMT) was launched, with the director Paul Goldbart and the chief scientistAnthony Leggett. ICMT is currently located at the Engineering Science Building on campus. HP Pavilion dv6-2112sa Laptop Keyboard SAMSUNG Q330-JS02 Laptop Keyboard According to the statistics of the 2008 admitted freshmen, 77% of incoming students had ACT score of 27 or higher, 31% had an SAT combined Math & Critical Reading score above 1,400 (excludes Writing), and 59% of the incoming students were top 10% of their high school class.[46] Some of the university's colleges admit students at an even more competitive level. For incoming freshmen in 2008, the College of Engineering reported an ACT score interquartile range of 30–33, Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard the College of Business reported an ACT score IQR of 28–32, and the College of Media, in 2008, the first year it accepted freshmen, reported an ACT IQR of 27–32, higher than the overall campus median (though still lower than that of the College of Engineering). Of graduates, Illinois ended up as one of the top 12 (percentage) and top 6 (numerical) feeder state colleges to elite professional schools.[47]HP Pavilion dv7-6143cl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan University Residence Halls and University Private-Certified Housing are administered by the University's housing division.[48] University housing for undergraduates is provided through twenty-two residence halls in both Urbana and Champaign. All incoming freshman are required to live in certified student housing their first year on campus. HP Pavilion dv5-1203ax Laptop CPU Cooling Fan All undergraduates within the University housing system are required to purchase some level of meal plan, although they are free to eat elsewhere if they choose. Graduate housing is usually offered through two graduate dormitories, restricted to those over twenty years of age, and through two university-owned apartment complexes. However, the recent record-sized freshman class has forced the housing division to convert one of the graduate dormitories into undergraduate housing. Students with disabilities are provided special housing options to accommodate their needs. The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign is well known for being one of the first universities to provide accommodations for students with disabilities. ACER eMachines E525 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan There are a number of private dormitories around campus, as well as a few houses that are outside of the Greek system and offer a more communal living experience. The private dorms tend to be more expensive to live in compared to other housing options. Private, certified residences maintain reciprocity agreements with the University, allowing students to move between the public and private housing systems if they are dissatisfied with their living conditions. Toshiba Satellite M305D-S4829 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Most undergraduates choose to move into apartments or the Greek houses after their first or second year. The University Tenant Union offers advice on choosing apartments and the process of signing a lease. The University boasts over 1,000 active Registered Student Organizations (RSOs),[49] showcased at the start of each academic year during Illinois's "Quad Day." Registration and support is provided by the Student Programs & Activities Office, an administrative arm established in pursuit of the larger social, intellectual, and educative goals of the Illini Student Union. The Office's mission is to "enhance ... classroom education," "meet the needs and desires of the campus community," and "prepare students to be contributing and humane citizens."[50]MSI E32-0800110-MC2 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The university has the largest Greek system in the world by membership.[51][52] There are currently sixty-eight fraternities and thirty-six sororities on the campus. Of the approximately 31,180 undergraduates,[53] about 3,330 are members of sororities[54] and about 3,370 are members of fraternities. The Greek system at the University of Illinois has a system of self-government. While there are staff advisors and directors in charge of managing certain aspects of the Greek community, most of the day to day operations of the Greek community are governed by the Interfraternity Council and Panhellenic Council.[55] Many of the fraternity and sorority houses on campus are on the National Register of Historic Places. HP Pavilion dv9723cl Laptop CPU Cooling Fan U of I has an extensive history of past student governments. A mere two years after the university opened in 1868, John Milton Gregory and a group of students created a constitution for a student government. Their governance expanded to the entire university in 1873, having a legislative, executive, and judicial branch. For a period of time, this government had the ability to discipline students. In 1883, however, due to a combination of events from Gregory's resignation to student-faculty infighting, the government formally dissolved itself via plebiscite. [56]SONY Vaio VPC-EE3E1E/WI Laptop CPU Cooling Fan It wasn't until 1934, when the Student Senate, the next university-wide student government, was created. A year before, future U of I Dean of Students, Fred H. Turner and the university's Senate Committee on Student Affairs gave increased power to the Student Council, an organization primarily known for organizing dances. A year after, the Student Council created a constitution and became the Student Senate, under the oversight of the Committee on Student Affairs. The Student Senate would become the longest lasting student government in UIUC history, lasting for 35 years.[57] FUJITSU LifeBook E8210 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The Student Senate changed its purpose and name in 1969, when it became the Undergraduate Student Association (UGSA). It no longer was a representational government, instead becoming an collective bargaining agency. It often worked with the Graduate Student Association to work on various projects [58]IBM ThinkPad T42 2378 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 1967, Bruce A. Morrison and other U of I graduates founded the Graduate Student Association (GSA). GSA would last until 1978, when it merged with the UGSA to form the Champaign-Urbana Student Association (CUSA).[59][60] CUSA lasted for only 2 years when it was replaced by the Student Government Association (SGA) in 1980. SGA lasted for 15 years until it became the Illinois Student Government (ISG) in 1995. ISG lasted until 2004.[60]HP Pavilion dv5218nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The current university student government, created in 2004, is the Illinois Student Senate, a combined undergraduate and graduate student senate with 54 voting members. The student senators are elected by college and represent the students in the Urbana-Champaign Senate (which comprises both faculty and students), as well as on a variety of faculty and administrative committees, and are led by an internally elected executive board of a President, External Vice President, Internal Vice President, and Treasurer. As of 2012, the executive board is supported by an executive staff consisting of a Chief of Staff, Clerk of the Senate, Parliamentarian, Director of Communications, Intern Coordinator, and the Historian of the Senate.[61]Toshiba K000048100 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The campus library system is one of the largest public academic collections in the world.[62] Among universities in North America, only the collections of Harvard are larger.[63] Currently, the University of Illinois' 20+ departmental libraries and divisions hold more than 24 million items, including more than 12 million print volumes.[62] As of 2012, it had also the largest "browsable" university library in the United States, with 5 million volumes directly accessible in stacks in a single location.[64] University of Illinois also has the largest public engineering library (Grainger Engineering Library) in the country.[65] IBM Lenovo ThinkPad T61 7659 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The online catalog is used by over one million people monthly [62] and each day more than 50,000 articles are downloaded from electronic journals licensed by the University of Illinois Library.[66] In addition to the main library building, which houses nearly 10 subject-oriented libraries, the Isaac Funk Family Library on the South Quad serves the College of Agriculture, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences and the Grainger Engineering Library Information Center serves theCollege of Engineering on the John Bardeen Quad. SONY VAIO VGN-N11M Laptop Keyboard The University of Illinois Residence Hall Library System[67] is one of three in the nation.[68] The Residence Hall Libraries were created in 1948 to serve the educational, recreational, and cultural information needs of first and second year undergraduate students residing in the residence halls, and the living-learning communities within the residence halls. The collection also serves University Housing staff as well as the larger campus community, including undergraduate and graduate students, and university faculty and staff.[69]Packard Bell NEW95 Laptop Keyboard All together there are more than 20 departmental or school libraries on campus. The bus system that operates throughout the campus and community is operated by the Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District. The MTD receives a student-approved transportation fee from the university, which provides unlimited access for university students. In addition, the university pays for universal access for all its faculty and staff. As part of this arrangement, the MTD also runs a bus line between Willard Airport and Illinois Terminal, a multi-modal transportation facility which includes Amtrak and Greyhound – making it the focal point of Champaign-Urbana's public transportation systems.  Packard Bell EasyNote TJ61 Laptop Keyboard The university maintains an extensive system of off-street bike paths and on-street bike lanes on campus. All students are expected to register their bicycles with the campus public safety department. U of I's Division of Intercollegiate Athletics fields teams for ten men's and eleven women's varsity sports. The university participates in the NCAA's Division I. The university's athletic teams are known as the Fighting Illini. The university operates a number of athletic facilities, including Memorial Stadium forfootball, the Assembly Hall for men's and women's basketball, and the Atkins Tennis Center for men's and women's tennis. The men's NCAA basketball team had a dream run in the 2005 season, with Bruce Weber's Fighting Illini tying the record for most victories in a season. Their run ended 37–2 with a loss to the North Carolina Tar Heels in the national championship game. DELL Alienware M17xR2 Laptop Keyboard Illinois is a member of the Big Ten Conference. On October 15, 1910, the Illinois football team defeated the University of Chicago Maroons with a score of 3–0 in a game that Illinois claims was the firsthomecoming game, though several other schools claim to have held the first homecoming as well.[71][72] On November 10, 2007, the unranked Illinois football team defeated the No. 1 ranked Ohio State football team in Ohio Stadium, the first time that the Illini beat a No. 1 ranked team on the road. HP 640436-001 Laptop Keyboard The University of Illinois Ice Arena is home to the university's club college ice hockey team competing at the ACHA Division I level and is also available for recreational use through the Division of Campus Recreation. It was built in 1931 and designed by Chicago architecture firm Holabird and Root, the same firm that designed the University of Illinois Memorial Stadium and Chicago's Soldier Field. It is located on Armory Drive across from the Armory. The structure features 4 rows of bleacher seating in an elevated balcony that runs the length of the ice rink on either side. These bleachers provide seating for roughly 1,200 fans, with standing room and bench seating available underneath. Because of this set-up the team benches are actually directly underneath the stands.[73]ACER 002-07A23L-A01 Laptop Keyboard Chief Illiniwek, or 'The Chief', was the university's official athletic symbol from 1926 until February 21, 2007. Use of the Chief garnered criticism for the university starting in the mid-1970s from Native Americans and others as a misappropriation and inaccurate portrayal of indigenous culture. The university officials announced the end of the Chief Illiniwek era on February 16, 2007. GATEWAY M-6823A Laptop Keyboard HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Laptop Keyboard Notable among a number of songs commonly played and sung at various events such as commencement and convocation, and athletic games are: Illinois Loyalty, the school song, Oskee Wow Wow, the fight song, and Hail to the Orange, the alma mater. James Scholars" are undergraduate students invited to pursue a specialized course of study for no less than two years of their undergraduate course work. James Scholars can be admitted as such, or join in later. For the Engineering College, one is admitted immediately if they either score a 33 or higher on the ACT (or the SAT equivalent), or are in the top 1% of their high school graduating class.[75] HP Mini 210-2090nr Laptop Keyboard Students can apply to be James Scholars if they hold a particular GPA at UIUC, which is dependent on the college and/or major. For the Engineering College, you can join or maintain James Scholar status if you hold a 3.30 /4.00 GPA, unless you are an ECE (Electrical and Computer Engineering) major, in which case you must hold a 3.50/4.00 GPA.[76] James Scholars who graduate with "University Honors" are also awarded the Latin honors of In cursu honorum.[77]ACER K010536A1 Laptop Keyboard As of 2007, 21 alumni and faculty members are Nobel laureates and 20 have won a Pulitzer Prize.[52] In particular, John Bardeen is the only person to have won two Nobel prizes in physics, having done so in 1956 and 1972 while on faculty at the University of Illinois. In 2003, two faculty members won Nobel prizes in different disciplines: Paul C. Lauterbur for physiology or medicine, and Anthony Leggett for physics. Most recently, in 2007, Don Wuebbles, Atul Jain, John Walsh and Michael Schlesinger, professors in the Department of Atmospheric Science, were awarded a share of the Nobel Peace Prize for their contributions and collaboration with the IPCC.[80]Toshiba Satellite A75-S231 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Fazlur Rahman Khan, considered to be the "Einstein of structural engineering" and the "Greatest Structural Engineer of the 20th century"[81] Alumni have created companies and products such as Netscape Communications, AMD, PayPal, Playboy, National Football League,Siebel Systems, Mortal Kombat, CDW, YouTube, THX, Oracle, Lotus, Mosaic, Safari, Firefox, W. W. Grainger, Delta Air Lines,BET, and Tesla Motors. HP Envy 14t-1000 CTO Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Alumni and faculty have invented the LED, JavaScript, the integrated circuit, the quantum well laser, the transistor, MRI, and the plasma screen, and are responsible for the structural design of such buildings as the Willis Tower, the John Hancock Center, and the Burj Khalifa.[82]ASUS M50 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Alumni have founded many organizations, including the Susan G. Komen for the Cure and Project Gutenberg, and have served in a wide variety of government and public interest roles. Rafael Correa, re-elected President of The Republic of Ecuador in April 2009 secured his M.S. and PhD degrees from the University's Economics Department in 1999 and 2001 respectively.[83] Nathan C. Ricker attended U of I and in 1873 was the first person to graduate in the United States with a degree in Architecture. Mary L. Page, the first woman to obtain a degree in architecture, also graduated from U of I.[84]  Toshiba Satellite L300-1BW Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Philanthropy is playing an increasingly significant role in supporting the Land Grant mission of the University of Illinois. The portion of the university's annual $1.5 billion budget which is state funds has diminished drastically over the past two decades. Currently the university receives only 16.4% of its budget from state tax dollars compared to 20 years ago when it received 44.5% of its budget from state tax dollars.[23] Gifts, grants, and contracts to the university comprise 19% of the annual budget. COMPAQ Presario CQ42-160TU Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Philanthropic giving to the university comes in the form of annual giving, major gifts, and estate planning. Annual giving is generally unrestricted by the donor and can be spent by the campus to meet immediate needs to maintain basic operations. Major gifts are typically put into an endowment at the donor's wishes, where the principal of the gift is invested while the interest is distributed to the campus department in which the donor designated their gift to be used. This practice of investing the principal in an endowment and only spending the interest, HP Pavilion dv7-6169nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan is done to secure the gift in perpetuity. In some cases, major gifts are used immediately for building campaigns such as the Krannert Center for the Performing Arts, The Beckman Institute, or The Thomas M. Siebel Center for Computer Science. Estate planning is another type of giving whereby a donor makes provisions in their will or estate documents which identifies the University of Illinois as a beneficiary. HP G62-b60SI Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Alumni play the largest role in philanthropic giving to the university. The most notable donors are Thomas M. Siebel and his wife Stacey who recently gave a $100 million estate gift to the university after they had given $36 million to build the Thomas M. Siebel Center for Computer Science, $10 million to endow the Siebel Scholars program, $2 million to endow the Thomas M. Siebel Chair in Computer Science and $2 million to endow the Thomas M. Siebel Chair in the History of Science. ACER Aspire 1356LMI Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Other notable donors include Sohaib Abbasi and his wife, Sara, who established the Sohaib and Sara Abbasi Professorship to enable the CS department to maintain its stature as one of the nation's premiere departments and give students the opportunity to learn from a world-renowned computer scientist and educator. They have also endowed the Sohaib and Sara Abbasi Fellowship to allow up to 5 graduate students each year, the opportunity to study computer science at one of the nation's top ranked computer science departments. ASUS X53S Laptop Keyboard Stanley O. and Judith L. Ikenberry were the 14th President and First Lady of the Urbana-Champaign campus of the University of Illinois from 1979–1995. The Ikenberrys established the Stanley O. and Judith L. Ikenberry Endowment for Krannert Center for the Performing Arts. This gift supports the presentation of guest artists at the Center as part of the Marquee Endowment. ACER Aspire 5535 Laptop Keyboard In its 2012 listings, U.S. News & World Report ranked the undergraduate program 45th among nationally accredited universities and 13th among nationally accredited public universities.[92] The graduate program had 60 disciplines ranked within the top 30 nationwide, including 23 within the top five. U.S. News & World Report ranked the undergraduate and graduate Accounting programs 2nd and 4th respectively in the United States in their 2011 rankings; both programs had been ranked 1st at the same time in previous years. DELL V119525BS1 Laptop Keyboard The College of Business as a whole was ranked 12th nationally. The College of Engineering was ranked 5th at the graduate level, with 14 disciplines ranked within the top ten. Chemistry and Physics were also ranked within the top ten at the graduate level. The College of Education had six programs ranked within the top ten. The Graduate School of Library and Information Science was ranked 1st, with five programs ranked within the top ten. Many arts programs were ranked within the first quartile, Compaq 6720s Laptop Keyboard such as Architecture and Fine Arts. The Computer Science, Material Science, Agricultural Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Accounting, Finance, and Psychology are the university's most visibly distinguished departments. The School of Labor and Employment Relations is ranked consistently within the top two in the nation, behind only Cornell University. HP 550 Laptop Keyboard The University of Illinois is considered a "Public Ivy" and is measured comprehensively as one of the top 20 major research universities in the United States by a Graham-Diamond Report.[93] International rankings by The Institute of Higher Education at Shanghai Jiao Tong University suggest that Illinois is the 19th best university in North America, and 25th best university in the world.[94] The Academic Ranking of World Universities by Broad Subject Fields from the same research center in 2008 positions Illinois in 3rd for Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences in the world. It is ranked 19th for Life and Agriculture Sciences, 20th for Natural Sciences and Mathematics, and 51st for Social Sciences.[95]ACER Aspire 5315 Laptop Keyboard In 2012, Illinois was ranked 56th in the world by QS World University Rankings,[96] increasing its position from the 2009 THE-QS World University Rankings (in 2010, Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings parted ways to produce separate rankings). However, Illinois had been ranked within the top 40 in the past. The THE-QS rankings have been criticized due to their volatility: it stressed international popularity and ranks fluctuated tens of places from one year to the next.[97] The WSJ ranking of business schools also has this inherited anomaly, attributable to its survey method. COMPAQ Presario C700 Laptop Keyboard The Institute for Labor and Industrial Relations has been recognized consistently as one of the top three programs for Human Resources and Labor Relations studies in the United States[98][unreliable source?]. In the 2008 release of Webometrics Ranking of World Universities by Cybermetrics Lab, which is a research unit of the National Research Council of Spain, the University was ranked 9th.[99] In 2006, G-Factor, another academic list trying to measure social network efficacy of universities, has ranked Illinois within the top eight.[100]Compaq Presario CQ57 Series Laptop Keyboard A human competitiveness index and analysis by the Human Resources & Labor Review, and published in Chasecareer Network, ranked the university 25th internationally in 2010.[101] As of 2007, Washington Monthly ranks Illinois as the 11th best university in the nation, and 9th among public universities. The methodology of the ranking includes "how well it performs as an engine of social mobility," "how well it does in fostering scientific and humanistic research," and "how well it promotes an ethic of service to country."[102]HP G62-470CA Laptop Keyboard Newsweek International listed Illinois as one of Top 100 Global Universities,[103] which "takes into account openness and diversity, as well as distinction in research." Kiplinger's Personal Finance also listed Illinois in its 100 Best Values in Public Colleges,[104] which "measures academic quality, cost and financial aid." DELL Precision M4500 Laptop Keyboard The Princeton Review has elected Illinois one of the 366 best colleges out of nearly 5,000 degree-granting institutions of higher education in the United States.[105] Nonetheless, the university has come under criticism for its use of graduate teaching assistants in teaching undergraduate courses, including upper-level undergraduate courses. For two consecutive years, the Urbana–Champaign campus topped this review's[106] category of "teaching assistants teach too many upper level courses." However, the Princeton Review's ranking has been scrutinized for its lack of accountability as the Review's ranking categorical data rely mainly upon student random sampling.[citation needed]ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard A series of investigative reports by the Chicago Tribune noted that between 2005 and 2009 university trustees, president, chancellor, and other administrators pressured admissions officials into admitting under-qualified but politically well-connected applicants into the university.[107][108] Although University officials initially denied,[109] then downplayed the existence of a "clout list",[110]DELL Precision M4500 Laptop Keyboard the university later announced it would form a panel of internal and external representatives to review the past admissions process and determine possible changes.[111] The Chicago Tribune took the University to court for summary judgment, which was granted in March 2011. The University appealed, and a number of organizations, including the Electronic Privacy Information Center, filed "friend of the court" briefs on behalf of both parties. HP Mini 110-1026NR Laptop Keyboard In July 2010, The News-Gazette reported[112] that Dr. Kenneth Howell, an adjunct professor teaching Introduction to Catholic Thought, was fired for teaching the Roman Catholic positions on homosexuality. The Alliance Defense Fund has taken up Dr. Howell's case, stating that his dismissal is a violation of academic freedom and the First Amendment. The University's position, as stated by Ann Mester, associate dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, is that Dr. Howell's comments "violate university standards of inclusivity, which would then entitle us to have him discontinue his teaching arrangement with us." SONY Vaio PCG-K25 Laptop Keyboard Dr. Howell was reinstated by the University of Illinois as an adjunct instructor for the fall 2010 term to teach "Introduction to Catholicism", resolving the situation for the time being.[113] The university announced on July 28 that it would follow the recommendation of the Academic Senate's General University Policy Committee to begin paying the salary of instructors teaching Catholic studies courses. St. John's Catholic Newman Center previously paid instructor salaries. The matter is currently under review by the Academic Senate Committee on Academic Freedom and Tenure.[114] DELL Inspiron N5030 Laptop Keyboard Twin cities are a special case of two cities or urban centres that are founded in close geographic proximity and then grow into each other over time. The termTwin Cities in the United States refers specifically to the cities Minneapolis and Saint Paul, both of which are in the midwestern state of Minnesota. Cities twinned geographically do not necessarily match demographically, economically, or politically. SAMSUNG Q330-JS09 Laptop Keyboard In most cases, cities that grow into each other's space in this way lose their individual identities, and whatever border or barrier still separates them becomes irrelevant as they fuse into one new city. One famous example of this is Budapest in Hungary, which began as two settlements (Buda and Pest) facing each other across the Danube at a strategic fording place along a trade route. However, there are twin cities which have been able to resist this final union and have maintained individual identity against the tides of history, economics and demographics. Packard Bell Easynote TX86 Laptop Keyboard Twin cities often share an airport, into whose airport codes are integrated the initials of both cities; DFW (Dallas–Fort Worth), MSP (Minneapolis–St. Paul), and RDU (Raleigh–Durham) are examples. In some cases, such as Albury/Wodonga in Australia, the two cities are permanently divided by a state border, often one that strictly adheres to a geographical landmark, such as the Murray River that divides New South Wales from Victoria, and thus Albury from Wodonga. Packard Bell Easynote TK85 Laptop Keyboard Vijayawada is the biggest city of the Krishna District and the third largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India, after Hyderabad and Visakhapatnam, with an area of 261.88 km2. The city has a population of 1,048,240 (2011 Census),[1] while the population of the metropolitan area is 1,491,202.[2] The nameVijayawada, meaning "Land of Victory", is derived from the presiding deity, Kanaka Durga, also called Vijaya. The city is also popularly known by its historic name Bezawada, which is used by the Indian Railways in assigning its railway station code "BZA".HP Pavilion dv6-3122sa Laptop Keyboard The city has originated on the northern bank of the river Krishna. It was ruled by different dynasties from time to time, including the Gajapathis of Orissa, Eastern Chalukyas and the great ruler Krishna Deva Raya. By the time of construction of anicut over the river Krishna in 1885 AD, it took shape as small settlement on the eastern side of the Indrakiladri hills. In late 19th century the Gajapathis of orissa were settled in a small village named vurimi (krishna dist) [3]ACER Aspire 5741Z Laptop Keyboard Today, the city is home to many of the most well-recognized educational institutions in Andhra Pradesh. It is well connected to other regions by road, air and rail, and has the second biggest railway junction in India.[4] As the commercial capital of Andhra Pradesh,[2] Vijayawada is politically active, sociologically dominant, agriculturally rich, and is an industrial transportation hub. Vijayawada was recognised as a Global City of the Future by McKinsey Quarterly.[5] It is also India's most promising city for the future, and 159th fastest developing city in the world.[6]DELL XPS 15 L502X Laptop Keyboard There are many tales behind the origin of the name Vijayawada.At first it was named as Chandrala which comes under the family of Gajapathis which means victory and later Legends have it that this was the place where Arjuna was blessed by Shiva, on Indrakiladri Hill. In another legend it is stated that Goddesses Durga killed the demon and relaxed in this place for some time. As she was victorious (Vijaya), the place got the name as Vijayawada (vijaya: victory and wada: city/place/location) which literally means "City of Victory". The Epic of Mahabharata refers to Indrakiladri hills as the place where Arjuna secured “Pasupathastra” from Lord Siva.[7]  HP G61-110SA Laptop Keyboard In some legends, Vijayawada was referred to as Vijayavata and Rajendracholapura.[8] A tale behind its acquiring the name "Bezawada" is that Goddesses Krishnaveni (River Krishna) requested Arjuna to make a passage for her to merge into the Bay of Bengal. Hence Arjuna made a bejjam (hole) through the mountains and the place came to be known as Bejjamwada which later changed to Bezawada. Vijayawada was referred as Blazewada (city of high temperatures), during British rule.. DELL Latitude E6400 Laptop Keyboard Vijayawada is surrounded by the Krishna river on the east and west and the Budameru River on the north. The northern, northwestern, and southwestern parts of the city are covered by a low range of hills, while the central, southwestern and northwestern parts are covered by rich and fertile agriculture lands with three major irrigation canals. The topography of Vijayawada is flat, with a few small- to medium-sized hills. The Krishna River runs through the city. These hills are part of the Eastern Ghats cut through by the Krishna river.  DELL Inspiron 1564 Laptop Keyboard They have very low elevation compared to the average elevation of the ghats. Three canalsoriginating from the north side of the Prakasham barrage reservoir, Eluru, Bandar and Ryves, run through the city. Thanks to these canals, Vijayawada is in the race for the title of ‘Venice of the East’, competing with Alleppey of Kerala and Kampong Ayer of Brunei. Several bridges have been built across these three canals over the decades making eligible to vie for the exotic title. [9]SONY VAIO VGN-N21M/W Laptop Keyboard Buckingham Canal originates from the southmate, with hot summers and moderate winters. The peak temperature reaches 47 °C (117 °F) in May–June, while the winter temperature is 20–27 C. The average humidity is 78% and the average annual rainfall is 103 cm. Vijayawada gets its rainfall from both the southwestmonsoon and northeast monsoon. It was nicknamed "Blaze-wada" for its scorching summer heat by Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy. DELL Latitude E5410 Laptop Keyboard You can get the latest updates of Vijayawada from the site www.bezawadatoday.com [10] As per provisional data of 2011 census, Vijayawada urban agglomeration had a population of 1,491,202, out of which males were 750,770 and females were 740,432. The literacy rate was 81.60 per cent. Vijayawada municipal corporation had a population of 1,048,240.[14]The city's population is expected to reach 2.5 million by 2025.[5]Lenovo Thinkpad T420 Laptop Keyboard Average literacy rate is 82.59 percent. The sex ration of Vijayawada city is 997 females per 1000 males. Number of children forms 8.86 percent of total population.[15] Vijayawada's population has historically been Telugu speaking. Hindi and English are also spoken and understood by many of its residents. Hinduism is practiced by majority of its citizens followed by Christianity,Islam and Sikhism. Vijayawada is home to a growing Assamese, Bengali,Gujarati, Jain, Malaya lee,Oriya, Punjabi, and Tamil Communities. HP Pavilion G6-1223TX Laptop Keyboard The city is run by the Vijayawada Municipal Corporation.[16] The Municipality of Vijayawada was constituted on 1 April 1888 and was upgraded as a selection grade municipality in the year 1960. The municipality was upgraded to a corporation in 1981. With the merger of Gunadala, Patamata and Bhavanipuram village panchayats and two villages payakapuram and Kundavari kandrika in the corporation in 1985. More than 400,000 people reside outside corporation limits. Many areas on outskirts or yet to be merged into corporation limits. The total area of the corporation is 61.8 square kilometres (23.9 sq mi) and the population of the whole city (along with Vijayawada sub-urban and Vijayawada rural) is more than 2.5 million. TOSHIBA Satellite L300 Laptop Keyboard The city is divided into 59 political wards. Each ward of the Municipal Corporation is represented by an area corporator. An elected body headed by the mayor performs the administration of the corporation. The commissioner acts as the executive head and oversees the day-to-day functioning of the local body. The commissioner is an IAS officer of joint collector rank appointed by the state government. It has a dedicated sub-collector's office for administration of state and central government programmes. The staff strength of the corporation is just over 5,000. Vijayawada is one of the three cities in Andhra Pradesh to be provided with its own police commissionerate. The Vijayawada City Police is headed by a police commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of DIG rank. DELL Precision M4500 Laptop Keyboard The city is run by the Vijayawada Municipal Corporation.[16] The Municipality of Vijayawada was constituted on 1 April 1888 and was upgraded as a selection grade municipality in the year 1960. The municipality was upgraded to a corporation in 1981. With the merger of Gunadala, Patamata and Bhavanipuram village panchayats and two villages payakapuram and Kundavari kandrika in the corporation in 1985. More than 400,000 people reside outside corporation limits. Many areas on outskirts or yet to be merged into corporation limits. The total area of the corporation is 61.8 square kilometres (23.9 sq mi) and the population of the whole city (along with Vijayawada sub-urban and Vijayawada rural) is more than 2.5 million. ACER Aspire 5742 Laptop Keyboard The city is divided into 59 political wards. Each ward of the Municipal Corporation is represented by an area corporator. An elected body headed by the mayor performs the administration of the corporation. The commissioner acts as the executive head and oversees the day-to-day functioning of the local body. The commissioner is an IAS officer of joint collector rank appointed by the state governmen

t. It has a dedicated sub-collector's office for administration of state and central government programmes. The staff strength of the corporation is just over 5,000. Vijayawada is one of the three cities in Andhra Pradesh to be provided with its own police commissionerate. The Vijayawada City Police is headed by a police commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of DIG rank.  HP Pavilion dv7-2140ev Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Vijayawada is well connected to the rest of the country by National Highways: NH-5(new no NH-16), NH-9(new no NH-65) and NH-221(new no NH-30).[25] Transport by road from Vijayawada is available in the form of Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) buses. Private bus operators also provide transport services to parts of the country. Dell DC280007TVL Laptop CPU Cooling Fan All major streets are connected with the Local Public Bus Transit (City Buses) operated by APSRTC. It is the first city in the south to introduce CNG buses in its fleet. Vijayawada Municipal Corporation (VMC) is planning to launch Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) with dedicated bus corridors.[26] The initiative, however, is mired in procedural delays.[27] Motor-driven auto-rickshaws and manual-driven cycle-rickshaws are the other alternative means of transport within Vijayawada. Private lorries, cars and two-wheeled vehicles are common. HP Pavilion dv7-6135dx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Vijayawada has the second biggest and busiest bus terminal in the Asia,[28] next to Chennai(CMBT). It was inaugurated on 23 September 1990 and is officially named as Telugu Satavahana Prayana Pranganam with its current name of Pandit Nehru Bus Station. HP KDB0505HB Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Rajiv Gandhi Park - It has roller skating rink, Bungee Trampoline, and a garden. K.L.Rao Park - It has Boating, swimming pool, and a garden. Dr.B.R.Ambedkar & Raghavaiah park - The main attraction is the hanging bridge connecting the two parts of the park on ether side of the canal. Mahatma Gandhi park - This is the oldest park in the city located in I town. The park is fully crowded in the evenings .It has a gym, used by a lot of people. G.V.S Sastry park - This park is located near Satynarayanapuram old Railway station and the park is done in an innovative way. The main attraction is the skating ring used by many children in this park. [29]HP Pavilion dv5-1048er Laptop CPU Cooling Fan There are “aided” schools in Vijayawada, meaning schools funded by government and private partnerships, such as the Gollapudi High School. Government schools are in areas such as the Jammichettu center, the Patamata high school and Suryarao Peta. Private schools are scattered all over the city. A majority of them implement the Andhra Pradesh State Syllabus for their students. The students, after studying their 10th class, take the Public Examination, which is equivalent of the school-leaving certificate. Toshiba Satellite A215-S4767 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan There are only a few schools accredited to the Central Board of Secondary Education in the city, meaning their class 10 students have to take the All India Secondary School Examination (AISSE) for their school-leaving certificate.One of the most finest schools of all the central board educations like N.S.M PUBLIC SCHOOL is located here.It is well known for its best education and discipline.Education with extra circular activities like Sports,Music,Drawing,Karate,Dance,etc. are also taught to the children which help them in overall growth. HP Pavilion DV7-3100 Series Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The first college built in Vijayawada was SRR & CVR Government College. Andhra Loyola College was established in 1953 with Rev. Francis Theo Mathias, SJ as its first principal. KBN College is another popular college in Vijayawada. The first private engineering college in Andhra Pradesh, Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, is here.  HP Pavilion dv6-3230us Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The NTR University of Health Sciences is the first medical university in India.[citation needed][32] It is a public university in the city of Vijayawada. It started functioning 1 November 1986. Dr Nori Ramasastry Government Ayurvedic College, popularly known as Dr NRS Government Ayurvedic College is located in Vijayawada, Krishna District. Dr NRS Government Ayurvedic College was established in the year 1956 and is affiliated to NTR University of Health Sciences and is approved by All India Council For Technical Education (AICTE). The college conducts courses in Ayurveda at Bachelor’s level. IBM ThinkPad T40p 2373 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan NTR College of Veterinary Science at Gannavaram was established in 1998 affiliated to Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University offers both UG and PG level courses in Veterinary Science. [33] Acharya Nagarjuna University located to the south of city on NH-5 is around 23 km from the city.It offers UG, PG and Doctoral corurces in many subjects. Regional Research Center of the Central Institute of Fresh Water Aqua Culture is located here.[34]SONY VAIO PCG-6L2L Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao Government College of Music and Dance, a premier institute in Vijayawada provides interested students in the performing arts of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Supported and guided by renowned personalities from the field of music and dance, it offers rigorous training in traditional musical instruments of Saraswati veena, Tabla, Mridangam, Nadaswaram, Violin,Vocal Music, dance form of Kuchipudi and other traditional dances. After successful completion of the various courses, the institute honors the students with certificates with a proper grading system. The Institute organizes several cultural events to display the artistic caliber and creative imagination of the excellent performers of the city. [35] [36]HP 580718-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan Vijayawada is home for many colleges imparting education in various subjects like hotel management, Pharmacy, Law, Medicine, Ayurveda, Nursing, Polytechnic etc. Madonna School for Deaf and Dumb imparts training for differently skilled students, is located here. HP Pavilion dv6-2155dx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan In 2008, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India established School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada as an autonomous institution. SPAV is a premier centrally funded technical institution (CFTI) under the MHRD, for excellence in the fields of planning and architecture. SONY Vaio VGN-NW320F/W Laptop CPU Cooling Fan The seven islands that came to constitute Mumbai were home to communities of fishing colonies. For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese and subsequently to the British East India Company. During the mid-18th century, Mumbai was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project,[9]which undertook the reclamation of the area between the seven constituent islands from the sea.[10] Completed by 1845, HP Pavilion dv6-3133nr Laptop CPU Cooling Fan the project along with construction of major roads and railways transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Economic and educational development characterised the city during the 19th century. It became a strong base for the Indian independence movement during the early 20th century. When India became independent in 1947, the city was incorporated into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as capital. The city was renamed Mumbai in 1996,[11] the name being derived from the Koli goddess—Mumbadevi. Packard Bell PEW91 Laptop Keyboard Mumbai is the commercial and entertainment capital of India, it is also one of the world's top 10 centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[12] generating 5% of India's GDP,[13] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust & JNPT),[14] and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy.[15]The city houses important financial institutions such as the Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, theNational Stock Exchange of India, Packard Bell EasyNote LJ61 Laptop Keyboard the SEBI and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies andmultinational corporations. It is also home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes like BARC,NPCL, IREL, TIFR, AERB, AECI, and the Department of Atomic Energy. The city also houses India's Hindi (Bollywood) andMarathi film and television industry. Mumbai's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higherstandard of living,[16] attract migrants from all over India and, in turn, make the city a melting pot of many communities and cultures. Toshiba Satellite A300-1DC Laptop CPU Cooling Fan HP Pavilion dv7-3110tx Laptop CPU Cooling Fan HP Envy 17-2077ez Laptop CPU Cooling Fan

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