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2 mai 2012 3 02 /05 /mai /2012 03:44

Whitney Elizabeth Houston

Whitney Elizabeth Houston (August 9, 1963 – February 11, 2012) was an American recording artist, actress, producer, and model. In 2009, the Guinness World Records cited her as the most-awarded female act of all-time.[1] Sony VPCB11V9E/B Battery

Houston was one of the world's best-selling music artists, having sold over 170 million albums, singles and videos worldwide.[2][3] She released seven studio albums and three movie soundtrack albums, Sony VPCB11X9E/B Battery

all of which have diamond, multi-platinum, platinum or gold certification. Houston's crossover appeal on the popular music charts, as well as her prominence on MTV, starting with her video for "How Will I Know",[4] influenced several African American female artists to follow in her footsteps.[5][6]Sony VPCF11C4E/B Battery

Houston is the only artist to chart seven consecutive No. 1 Billboard Hot 100 hits.[7] She is the second artist behindElton John and the only female artist to have two number-one Billboard 200 Album awards (formerly "Top Pop Album") on theBillboard magazine year-end charts.[8]Sony VPCF11C5E Battery

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 Houston's 1985 debut album Whitney Houston became the best-selling debut album by a female act at the time of its release. The album was named Rolling Stone's best album of 1986, Sony vaio VPCF11M1E/H battery

and was ranked at number 254 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[9] Her second studio album Whitney (1987) became the first album by a female artist to debut at number one on the Billboard 200 albums chart.[9]Sony vaio VPCF12F4E/H battery

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Houston's first acting role was as the star of the feature film The Bodyguard (1992). The film's original soundtrack won the 1994 Grammy Award for Album of the Year. Its lead single "I Will Always Love You", became the best-selling single by a female artist in music history. With the album, Sony vaio VPCF12S1E/B battery

Houston became the first act (solo or group, male or female) to sell more than a million copies of an album within a single week period under Nielsen SoundScan system.[9] The album makes her the top female act in the top 10 list of the best-selling albums of all time, Sony vaio VPCF12Z1E/BI battery

at number four. Houston continued to star in movies and contribute to their soundtracks, including the films Waiting to Exhale (1995) and The Preacher's Wife (1996).The Preacher's Wife soundtrack became the best-selling gospel album in history.[10]Sony vaio VPCF13E4E battery

 

1963–1976: EARLY LIFE

Whitney Houston was born in what was then a middle-income neighborhood in Newark, New Jersey, the second child of Army serviceman and entertainment executive John Russell Houston, Jr. (September 13, 1920 – February 2, 2003), and gospel singer Cissy Houston (née Emily Drinkard).[11] Sony vaio VPCF13E8E/H battery

She was of African American, Native Americanand Dutch descent.[12] Her mother, along with cousins Dionne Warwick and Dee Dee Warwick, godmother Darlene Love[13] and honorary aunt Aretha Franklin[14] were all notable figures in the gospel, rhythm and blues, pop, and soul genres.[15] Sony vaio VPCF13J0E/H battery

She met her honorary aunt at age 8, or 9, when her mother took her to a recording studio.[16] Houston was raised a Baptist, but was also exposed to the Pentecostal church. After the 1967 Newark riots, the family moved to a middle-class area inEast Orange, New Jersey, when she was four.[17]Sony vaio VPCF13L8E/H battery

 

At the age of 11, Houston began to follow in her mother's footsteps and started performing as a soloist in the junior gospel choir at the New Hope Baptist Church in Newark, where she also learned to play the piano.[18] Her first solo performance in the church was "Guide Me, O Thou Great Jehovah".[19] Sony vaio VPCF13M1E/B battery

When Houston was a teenager, she attended Mount Saint Dominic Academy, a Catholic girls' high school in Caldwell, New Jersey, where she met her best friend Robyn Crawford, whom she described as the "sister she never had".[20] Sony vaio VPCF13M1E/H battery

While Houston was still in school, her mother continued to teach her how to sing.[5] In addition to her mother, Franklin, and Warwick, Houston was also exposed to the music of Chaka Khan, Gladys Knight, and Roberta Flack, most of whom would have an impact on her as a singer and performer.[21]Sony vaio VPCF13S1E/B battery

 

1977–1984: EARLY CAREER

Houston spent some of her teenage years touring nightclubs where her mother Cissy was performing, and she would occasionally get on stage and perform with her. In 1977, at age 14, she became a backup singer on the Michael Zager Band's single "Life's a Party".[22] In 1978, at age 15, Sony vaio VPCF13S8E battery

Houston sang background vocals on Chaka Khan's hit single "I'm Every Woman", a song she would later turn into a larger hit for herself on her monster-selling The Bodyguard soundtrack album.[23][24] She also sang back-up on albums by Lou Rawls and Jermaine Jackson.[23]Sony vaio VPCF13S8E/B battery

 

In the early 1980s, Houston started working as a fashion model after a photographer saw her at Carnegie Hall singing with her mother. She appeared in Seventeen[25]and became one of the first women of color to grace the cover of the magazine.[26] She was also featured in layouts in the pages of GlamourSony vaio VPCF13V5002B battery

CosmopolitanYoung Miss, and appeared in a Canada Dry soft drink TV commercial.[27] Her striking looks and girl-next-door charm made her one of the most sought after teen models of that time.[27] Sony vaio VPCF13Z1E/B battery

While modeling, she continued her burgeoning recording career by working with producers Michael Beinhorn, Bill Laswell and Martin Bisi on an album they were spearheading called One Down, which was credited to the group Material. For that project, Houston contributed the ballad "Memories", a cover of a song byHugh Hopper of Soft Machine. Sony vaio VPCF13Z8E/BI battery

Robert Christgau of The Village Voice called her contribution "one of the most gorgeous ballads you've ever heard".[28] She also appeared as a lead vocalist on one track on a Paul Jabara album, entitled Paul Jabara and Friends, released by Columbia Records in 1983.[29]Sony vaio VPCF21Z1E battery

Houston had previously been offered several recording agencies (Michael Zager in 1980, and Elektra Records in 1981), however her mother declined the offers stating her daughter must first complete high school.[22][30] In 1983, Gerry Griffith, Sony vaio VPCF21Z1E/BI battery

an A&R representative from Arista Records, saw her performing with her mother in a New York City nightclub and was impressed. He convinced Arista's head Clive Davis to make time to see Houston perform. Davis too was impressed and offered a worldwide recording contract which Houston signed. Later that year, she made her national televised debut alongside Davis on The Merv Griffin Show.[31]Sony vaio VPCF22J1E battery

Houston signed with Arista in 1983, but did not begin work on her album immediately.[1] The label wanted to make sure no other label signed the singer away. Davis wanted to ensure he had the right material and producers for Houston's debut album. Some producers had to pass on the project due to prior commitments.[32]Sony vaio VPCF22L1E battery

 Houston first recorded a duet with Teddy Pendergrass entitled "Hold Me" which appeared on his album, Love Language.[33] The single was released in 1984 and gave Houston her first taste of success, becoming a Top 5 R&B hit.[34] It would also appear on her debut album in 1985. Sony vaio VPCF22M1E battery

 

1985–1986: RISE TO INTERNATIONAL PROMINENCE

With production from Michael Masser, Kashif, Jermaine Jackson, and Narada Michael Walden, Houston's debut album Whitney Houston was released in February 1985.Rolling Stone magazine praised Houston, calling her "one of the most exciting new voices in years" while The New York Times called the album "an impressive, Sony vaio VPCF22S1E battery

musically conservative showcase for an exceptional vocal talent".[35][36] Arista Records promoted Houston's album with three different singles from the album in the US, UK and other European countries. Sony vaio VPCF22S8E battery

In the UK, the dance-funk "Someone for Me", which failed to chart in the country, was the first single while "All at Once" was in such European countries as the Netherlands and Belgium, where the song reached the top 5 on the singles charts, respectively.[37]Sony vaio VPCF23A9E battery

In the US, the soulful ballad "You Give Good Love" was chosen as the lead single from Houston's debut to establish her in the black marketplace first.[38] Outside the US, the song failed to get enough attention to become a hit, but in the US, it gave the album its first major hit as it peaked at No. 3 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, and No. 1 on the Hot R&B chart.[32] Sony vaio VPCF23M1E battery

As a result, the album began to sell strongly, and Houston continued promotion by touring nightclubs in the US. She also began performing on late-night television talk shows, which were not usually accessible to unestablished black acts. The jazzy ballad "Saving All My Love for You" was released next and it would become Houston's first No. Sony vaio VPCF23Q1E battery

1 single in both the US and the UK. She was then an opening act for singer Jeffrey Osborne on his nationwide tour. "Thinking About You" was released as the promo single only to R&B-oriented radio stations, which peaked at number ten on the US R&B Chart. At the time, MTV had received harsh criticism for not playing enough videos by black, Latino, Sony vaio VPCF23S1E battery

and other racial minorities while favoring white acts.[39] The third US single, "How Will I Know", peaked at No. 1 and introduced Houston to the MTV audience thanks to its video. Houston's subsequent singles from this, and future albums, would make her the first African-American female artist to receive consistent heavy rotation on MTV.[26]Sony vaio VPCF23S1E battery

 

By 1986, a year after its initial release, Whitney Houston topped the Billboard 200 albums chart and stayed there for 14 non-consecutive weeks.[40] The final single, "Greatest Love of All", became Houston's biggest hit at the time after peaking No. 1 and remaining there for three weeks on the Hot 100 chart, Sony vaio VPCF24M1E battery

which made her debut the first album by a female artist to yield three No. 1 hits. Houston was No. 1 artist of the year and Whitney Houston was the No. 1 album of the year on the 1986Billboard year-end charts, making her the first female artist to earn that distinction.[40] At the time, Sony vaio VPCF24Q1E battery

Houston released the best-selling debut album by a solo artist.[41] Houston then embarked on her world tour, Greatest Love Tour. The album had become an international success, and was certified 13× platinum (diamond) in the United States alone, and has sold a total of 25 million copies worldwide.[42]Sony VPCCA2S1E Battery

 

At the 1986 Grammy Awards, Houston was nominated for three awards including Album of the Year.[43] She was not eligible for the Best New Artist category due to her previous hit R&B duet recording with Teddy Pendergrass in 1984.[44]Sony VPCCA2S1E/D.G4 Battery

 She won her first Grammy award for Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female for "Saving All My Love for You".[45] Houston's performance of the song during the Grammy telecast later earned her an Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program.[46]Sony VPCCA2S1E/L Battery

Houston won seven American Music Awards in total in 1986 and 1987, and an MTV Video Music Award.[47][48] The album's popularity would also carry over to the 1987 Grammy Awards when "Greatest Love of All" would receive a Record of the Year nomination. Sony VPCCA2S1E/R Battery

Houston's debut album is listed as one of Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time and on The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame's Definitive 200 list.[49][50] Houston's grand entrance into the music industry is considered one of the 25 musical milestones of the last 25 years, according to USA Today.[51] Sony VPCCA3S1E Battery

Following Houston's breakthrough, doors were opened for other African-American female artists such as Janet Jackson and Anita Baker to find notable success in popular music and on MTV.[52][53]Sony VPCCB2S1E Battery

 

1987–1991: WHITNEYI'M YOUR BABY TONIGHT AND "THE STAR SPANGLED BANNER"

With many expectations, Houston's second album, Whitney, was released in June 1987. The album again featured production from Masser, Kashif and Walden as well asJellybean Benitez. Many critics complained that the material was too similar to her previous album. Rolling Stone said, Sony VPCCB2S1E/B Battery

"the narrow channel through which this talent has been directed is frustrating".[54] Still, the album enjoyed commercial success. Houston became the first female artist in music history to debut at number one on the Billboard 200 albums chart, Sony VPCCB2S1E/W Battery

and the first artist to enter the albums chart at number one in both the US and UK, while also hitting number one or top ten in dozens of other countries around the world. The album's first single, Sony VPCCB3S1E Battery

"I Wanna Dance With Somebody (Who Loves Me)", was also a massive hit worldwide, peaking at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and topping the singles chart in many countries such as Australia, Germany and the UK. The next three singles, "Didn't We Almost Have It All", "So Emotional", Sony VPCCB3S1E/B Battery

and "Where Do Broken Hearts Go" all peaked at number one on the US Hot 100 chart, which gave her a total of seven consecutive number one hits, breaking the record of six previously shared by The Beatles and The Bee Gees.[55][56] Sony VPCCB3S1E/W Battery

Houston became the first female artist to generate four number-one singles from one album. Whitney has been certified 9× Platinum in the US for shipments of over 9 million copies, and has sold a total of 20 million copies worldwide.[57]Sony VPCCB4Z1E Battery

 

At the 30th Grammy Awards in 1988, Houston was nominated for three awards, including Album of the Year, winning her second Grammy for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "I Wanna Dance With Somebody (Who Loves Me)".[58][59] Houston also won two American Music Awards in 1988 and 1989, respectively, and a Soul Train Music Award.[60][61][62] Sony VPCCB4Z1E/B Battery

Following the release of the album, Houston embarked on the Moment of Truth World Tour, which was one of the ten highest grossing concert tours of 1987.[63] The success of the tours during 1986–87 and her two studio albums ranked Houston No. 8Sony VPCCB4Z1E/W Battery

for the highest earning entertainers list according toForbes magazine.[64] She was the highest earning African-American woman overall and the third highest entertainer after Bill Cosby and Eddie Murphy.[64]Sony VPCCB4Z1E/W.G4 Battery

 

Houston was a supporter of Nelson Mandela and the anti-apartheid movement. During her modeling days, the singer refused to work with any agencies who did business with the then-apartheid South Africa.[65][66] Sony vaio VPCCW2S1E/B Battery

On June 11, 1988, during the European leg of her tour, Houston joined other musicians to perform a set at Wembley Stadium in London to celebrate a then-imprisoned Nelson Mandela's 70th birthday.[65] Over 72,000 people attended Wembley Stadium, Sony vaio VPCCW2S1E/L Battery

and over a billion people tuned in worldwide as the rock concert raised over $1 million for charities while bringing awareness to apartheid.[67] Houston then flew back to the US for a concert atMadison Square Garden in New York City in August. The show was a benefit concert that raised a quarter of a million dollars for the United Negro College Fund.[68] Sony vaio VPCCW2S1E/P Battery

In the same year, she recorded a song for NBC's coverage of the 1988 Summer Olympics, "One Moment in Time", which became a Top 5 hit in the US, while reaching number one in the UK and Germany.[69][70][71] With her world tour continuing overseas, Houston was still one of the top 20 highest earning entertainers for 1987–88 according to Forbes magazine.[72][73]Sony vaio VPCCW2S1E/R Battery

n 1989, Houston formed The Whitney Houston Foundation For Children, a non-profit organization that has raised funds for the needs of children around the world. The organization cares for homelessness, children with cancer or AIDS, and other issues of self-empowerment.[74] Sony vaio VPCCW2S1E/W Battery

With the success of her first two albums, Houston was undoubtedly an international crossover superstar, the most prominent since Michael Jackson, appealing to all demographics. However, some black critics believed she was "selling out".[6] They felt her singing on record lacked the soul that was present during her live concerts.[25]HP G62t Battery

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At the 1989 Soul Train Music Awards, when Houston's name was called out for a nomination, a few in the audience jeered.[75][76] Houston defended herself against the criticism, stating, "If you're gonna have a long career, there's a certain way to do it, and I did it that way. I'm not ashamed of it".[25] HP G72-101SA Battery

Houston took a more urban direction with her third studio album, I'm Your Baby Tonight, released in November 1990. She produced and chose producers for this album and as a result, it featured production and collaborations with L.A. Reidand Babyface, Luther Vandross, and Stevie Wonder. HP G72-102SA Battery

The album showed Houston's versatility on a new batch of tough rhythmic grooves, soulful ballads and up-tempo dance tracks. Reviews were mixed. Rolling Stone felt it was her "best and most integrated album".[77] whileEntertainment Weekly, at the time thought Houston's shift towards an urban direction was "superficial".[78]HP G72-105SA Battery

 

The album contained several hits: the first two singles, "I'm Your Baby Tonight" and "All the Man That I Need" peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart; "Miracle" peaked at number nine; "My Name Is Not Susan" peaked in the top twenty; "I Belong to You" reached the top ten of the US R&B chart and garnered Houston a Grammy nomination; HP G72-110EL Battery

and the sixth single, the Stevie Wonder duet "We Didn't Know", reached the R&B top twenty. The album peaked at number three on the Billboard 200 and went on to be certified 4× platinum in the US while selling twelve million total worldwide. HP G72-110EV Battery

  D.C. She had a private audience with President George H. W. Bush in the Oval Office to discuss the associated challenges.

With America entangled in the Persian Gulf War, Houston performed "The Star Spangled Banner" at Super Bowl XXV at Tampa Stadium on January 27, 1991.[79] Due to overwhelming response to her rendition, HP G72-110SA Battery

it was released as a commercial single and video of her performance, and reached the Top 20 on the US Hot 100, making her the only act to turn the national anthem into a pop hit of that magnitude (Jose Feliciano's version reached No. 50 in November 1968).[80][81] Houston donated all her share of the proceeds to the American Red Cross Gulf Crisis Fund. As a result, the singer was named to the Red Cross Board of Governors.[79][82][83]HP G72-110SD Battery

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Her rendition was considered the benchmark for singers and critically acclaimed.[84] Rolling Stone commented that "her singing stirs such strong patriotism. Unforgettable", and the performance ranked No. 1 on the 25 most memorable music moments in NFL history list. VH1 listed the performance as one of the greatest moments that rocked TV.[85][86] HP G72-110SW Battery

Following the attacks on 9/11, it was released again by Arista Records, all profits going towards the firefighters and victims of the attacks. This time it peaked at No. 6 in the Hot 100 and was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[87]HP G72-120EG Battery

 

Later in 1991, Houston put together her Welcome Home Heroes concert with HBO for the soldiers fighting in the Persian Gulf War and their families. The free concert took place at Naval Station Norfolk in Norfolk, HP G72-120EP Battery

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Virginia in front of 3,500 servicemen and women. HBO descrambled the concert so that it was free for everyone to watch.[88] Houston's concert gave HBO its highest ratings ever.[89] She then embarked on the I'm Your Baby Tonight World Tour. HP G72-120EW Battery

 

1992–1994: THE BODYGUARD

With the commercial success of her albums, movie offers poured in, including offers to work with Robert De Niro, Quincy Jones, and Spike Lee; but Houston felt the time wasn't right.[90] Houston's first film role was in The Bodyguard, released in 1992 and co-starring Kevin Costner. HP G72-120SD Battery

Houston played Rachel Marron, a star who is stalked by a crazed fan and hires a bodyguard to protect her. USA Today listed it as one of the 25 most memorable movie moments of the last 25 years in 2007.[91]Houston's mainstream appeal allowed people to look at the movie color-blind.[92]HP G72-120SG Battery

Still, controversy arose as some felt the film's advertising intentionally hid Houston's face to hide the film's interracial relationship. In an interview withRolling Stone in 1993, the singer commented that "people know who Whitney Houston is – I'm black. You can't hide that fact."[21] HP G72-120SO Battery

Houston received a Razzie Awardnomination for Worst Actress. The Washington Post said Houston is "doing nothing more than playing Houston, comes out largely unscathed if that is possible in so cockamamie an undertaking",[93] and The New York Times commented that she lacked passion with her co-star.[94]HP G72-130 Battery

 Despite the film's mixed reviews, it was hugely successful at the box office, grossing more than $121 million in the U.S. and $410 million worldwide, making it one of the top 100 grossing films in film history at its time of release, though it is no longer in the top 100 due to rising ticket prices since the time the film was released.[95]HP G72-130EG Battery

 

The film's soundtrack also enjoyed big success. Houston executive produced and contributed six songs for the motion picture's adjoining soundtrack album. Rolling Stone said it is "nothing more than pleasant, tasteful and urbane".[96] The soundtrack's lead single was "I Will Always Love You", HP G72-130EV Battery

written and originally recorded byDolly Parton in 1974. Houston's version of the song was acclaimed by many critics, regarding it as her "signature song" or "iconic performance". Rolling Stone andUSA Today called her rendition "the tour-de-force".[97][98] HP G72-130SF Battery

The single peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for a then-record-breaking 14 weeks, number one on the R&B chart for a then-record-breaking 11 weeks, and number one on the Adult Contemporary charts for five weeks, thus becoming the first single to top those three charts simultaneously for five weeks.[99]HP G72-140ED Battery

 

The single was certified 4× platinum by the RIAA, making Houston the first female artist with a single to reach that level in the RIAA history and becoming the best-selling single by a female artist in the US.[100][101][102] HP G72-260US Battery

The song also became a global success, hitting number-one in almost all countries, and one of the best-selling singles of all time with 12 million copies sold.[103] The soundtrack topped the Billboard 200 chart and remained there for 20 non-consecutive weeks, the longest tenure by any album on the chart in the Nielsen SoundScan era, HP G72-a30SA Battery

and became one of the fastest selling albums ever.[104] During Christmas week of 1992, the soundtrack sold over a million copies within a week, becoming the first album to achieve that feat under Nielsen SoundScan system.[105][106] HP G72-b01SA Battery

With the follow-up singles "I'm Every Woman", a Chaka Khan cover, and "I Have Nothing" both reaching the top five, Houston became the first female artist to ever have three singles in the Top 11 simultaneously.[107][108][109] HP G72-b02SA Battery

The album was certified 17× platinum in the US alone,[110] with worldwide sales of 44 million,[111] making The Bodyguard the biggest-selling album by a female act on the list of the world's Top 10 best-selling albums, topping Shania Twain's 40 million sold for Come On Over.[112]HP G72-b10SA Battery

 

Houston won three Grammys for the album in 1994, including two of the Academy's highest honors, Album of the Year and Record of the Year. In addition, she won a record 8 American Music Awards at that year's ceremony including the Award of Merit,[113] 11 Billboard Music Awards, 3 Soul Train Music Awards in 1993–94 includingSammy Davis, HP G72-b15SA Battery

Jr. Award as Entertainer of the Year,[114] 5 NAACP Image Awards including Entertainer of the Year,[115][116][117] a record 5 World Music Awards,[118] and aBRIT award.[119] Following the success of the project, Houston embarked on another expansive global tour, HP G72-b20SA Battery

The Bodyguard World Tour, in 1993–94. Her concerts, movie, and recording grosses made her the third highest earning female entertainer of 1993–94, just behind Oprah Winfrey and Barbra Streisand according to Forbesmagazine.[120] HP G72 Battery

Houston placed in the top five of Entertainment Weekly's annual "Entertainer of the Year" ranking[121] and was labeled by Premiere magazine as one of the 100 most powerful people in Hollywood.[122]HP G72 Notebook PC Series Battery

 

In October 1994, Houston attended and performed at a state dinner in the White House honoring newly elected South African president Nelson Mandela.[123][124] At the end of her world tour, Houston performed three concerts in South Africa to honor President Mandela, playing to over 200,000 people. HP G72t Battery

This would make the singer the first major musician to visit the newly unified and apartheid free nation following Mandela's winning election.[125] The concert was broadcast live on HBO with funds of the concerts being donated to various charities in South Africa. The event was considered the nation's "biggest media event since the inauguration of Nelson Mandela".[126]HP Pavilion dv3-4000 Battery

1995–1997: WAITING TO EXHALETHE PREACHER'S WIFE, AND CINDERELLA

In 1995, Houston starred alongside Angela Bassett, Loretta Devine, and Lela Rochon in her second film Waiting to Exhale, a motion picture about four African-American women struggling with relationships. HP Pavilion dv3-4010sg Battery

Houston played the lead character Savannah Jackson, a TV producer in love with a married man. She chose the role because she saw the film as "a breakthrough for the image of black women because it presents them both as professionals and as caring mothers".[127] HP Pavilion dv3-4020sp Battery

After opening at number one and grossing $67 million in the US at the box office and $81 million worldwide,[128] it proved that a movie primarily targeting a black audience can cross over to success, while paving the way for other all-black movies such as How Stella Got Her Groove Back and the Tyler Perry movies that have become popular in the 2000s.[129][130][131] HP Pavilion dv3-4029TX Battery

The film is also notable for its portrayal of black women as strong middle class citizens as opposed to stereotypes.[132] The reviews were mainly positive for the ensemble cast. The New York Times said "Ms. HP Pavilion dv3-4031TX Battery

Houston has shed the defensive hauteur that made her portrayal of a pop star in 'The Bodyguard' seem so distant."[133] Houston was nominated for an NAACP Image Award for "Outstanding Actress In A Motion Picture", but lost to her co-star Bassett. HP Pavilion dv3-4035tx Battery

 

The film's accompanying soundtrack, Waiting to Exhale: Original Soundtrack Album, was produced by Houston and Babyface. Though Babyface originally wanted Houston to record the entire album, she declined. Instead, she "wanted it to be an album of women with vocal distinction",HP Pavilion dv3-4050ea Battery

and thus gathered several African-American female artists for the soundtrack, to go along with the film's strong women message.[127] As a result, the album featured a range of contemporary R&B female recording artists along with Houston, HP Pavilion dv3-4057tx Battery

such as Mary J Blige, Aretha Franklin, Toni Braxton, Patti Labelle, and Brandy. Houston's "Exhale (Shoop Shoop)" peaked at No. 1, and then spent a record eleven weeks at the No. 2 spot and eight weeks on top of the R&B Charts. HP Pavilion dv3-4059tx Battery

"Count On Me", a duet with CeCe Winans, hit the US Top 10; and Houston's third contribution, "Why Does It Hurt So Bad", made the Top 30. The album debuted at No. 1, and was certified 7× Platinum in the United States, HP Pavilion dv3-4100 Battery

denoting shipments of seven million copies.[57] The soundtrack received strong reviews as Entertainment Weekly said "the album goes down easy, just as you'd expect from a package framed by Whitney Houston tracks.... HP Pavilion dv3-4100sa Battery

the soundtrack waits to exhale, hovering in sensuous suspense"[134] and has since ranked it as one of the 100 Best Movie Soundtracks.[135] Later that year, Houston's children's charity organization was awarded a VH1 Honor for all the charitable work.[136]HP Pavilion dv3-4102tx Battery

In 1996, Houston starred in the holiday comedy The Preacher's Wife, with Denzel Washington. She plays a gospel-singing wife of a pastor (Courtney B. Vance). It was largely an updated remake of the 1948 film "The Bishop's Wife" which starred Loretta Young, David Niven and Cary Grant. HP Pavilion dv3-4105tx Battery

 Houston earned $10 million for the role, making her one of the highest-paid actresses in Hollywood at the time and the highest earning African American actress in Hollywood.[137] The movie, with its all African-American cast, was a moderate success, earning approximately $50 million at the U.S. box offices.[138] HP Pavilion dv3-4106tx Battery

The movie gave Houston her strongest reviews so far.The San Francisco Chronicle said Houston "is rather angelic herself, displaying a divine talent for being virtuous and flirtatious at the same time" and that she "exudes gentle yet spirited warmth, HP Pavilion dv3-4107tx Battery

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especially when praising the Lord in her gorgeous singing voice".[139] Houston was again nominated for an NAACP Image Award and won for Outstanding Actress In A Motion Picture. HP Pavilion dv3-4123tx Battery

Houston recorded and co-produced, with Mervyn Warren, the film's accompanying gospel soundtrack. The Preacher's Wife: Original Soundtrack Album included six gospel songs with Georgia Mass Choir that were recorded at the Great Star Rising Baptist Church in Atlanta. Houston also duetted with gospel legend Shirley Caesar. HP Pavilion dv3-4124tx Battery

The album sold six million copies worldwide and scored hit singles with "I Believe in You and Me" and "Step by Step", becoming the largest selling gospel album of all time. The album received mainly positive reviews. Some critics, HP Pavilion dv3-4200 Battery

such as that of USA Today, noted the presence of her emotional depth,[140] while The Times said "To hear Houston going at full throttle with the 35 piece Georgia Mass Choir struggling to keep up is to realise what her phenomenal voice was made for".[141]HP Pavilion dv3-4207tx Battery

 

In 1997, Houston's production company changed its name to BrownHouse Productions and was joined by Debra Martin Chase. Their goal was "to show aspects of the lives of African-Americans that have not been brought to the screen before" while improving how African-Americans are portrayed in film and television.[142] HP Pavilion dv3-4208tx Battery

HP Pavilion dv5-1200 Battery

Their first project was a made-for-television remake of Rodgers & Hammerstein's Cinderella. In addition to co-producing, Houston starred in the movie as the Fairy Godmother along with Brandy, Jason Alexander, Whoopi Goldberg, and Bernadette Peters. Houston was initially offered the role of Cinderella in 1993, but other projects intervened.[143] HP Pavilion dv5-1200 Special Edition Battery

The film is notable for its multi-racial cast and nonstereotypical message.[144] An estimated 60 million viewers tuned into the special giving ABC its highest TV ratings in 16 years.[145] The movie received seven Emmy nominations including Outstanding Variety, Musical or Comedy, while winning Outstanding Art Direction in a Variety, Musical or Comedy Special.[146]HP Pavilion dv5-1208TX SE Battery

Houston and Chase then obtained the rights to the story of Dorothy Dandridge. Houston was to play Dandridge, who was the first African American actress to be nominated for an Oscar. She wanted the story told with dignity and honor.[142] However, Halle Berry also had rights to the project and she got her version going first.[147]HP Pavilion dv5-1209TX SE Battery

 Later that year, Houston paid tribute to her idols such as Aretha Franklin, Diana Ross, and Dionne Warwick by performing their hits during the three-night HBO Concert Classic Whitney, live from Washington, D.C. The special raised over $300,000 for the Children's Defense Fund.[148] Houston received The Quincy Jones Awardfor outstanding career achievements in the field of entertainment at the 12th Soul Train Music Awards.[149][150]HP Pavilion dv5-1222TX Battery

HP Pavilion dv5-1232TX Battery

1998–2000: MY LOVE IS YOUR LOVE AND WHITNEY: THE GREATEST HITS

After spending much of the early and mid 1990s working on motion pictures and their soundtrack albums, Houston's first studio album in eight years, the critically acclaimed My Love Is Your Love, was released in November 1998. Though originally slated to be a greatest hits album with a handful of new songs, HP Pavilion dv5-1233se Battery

recording sessions were so fruitful that a new full-length studio album was released. Recorded and mixed in only six weeks, it featured production from Rodney Jerkins, Wyclef Jean andMissy Elliott. The album debuted at number thirteen, its peak position, on the Billboard 200 chart.[151] HP Pavilion dv5-1241la Battery

It had a funkier and edgier sound than past releases and saw Houston handling urban dance, hip hop, mid-tempo R&B, reggae, torch songs, and ballads all with great dexterity.[152]HP Pavilion dv5-1247la Battery

From late 1998 to early 2000, the album spawned several hit singles: "When You Believe" (US No. 15, UK No. 4), a duet with Mariah Carey for 1998's The Prince of Egypt soundtrack, which also became an international hit as it peaked in the Top 10 in several countries and won an Academy Award for Best Original Song;[153]HP Pavilion dv5-1250us Battery

"Heartbreak Hotel" (US No. 2, UK No. 25) featured Faith Evans and Kelly Price, received a 1999 MTV VMA nomination for Best R&B Video,[154] and number one on the US R&B chart for seven weeks; "It's Not Right But It's Okay" (US No. 4, UK No. 3) won Houston her sixth Grammy Award for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance;[155] HP Pavilion dv5-1300 Battery

HP Pavilion dv5-2000 Battery

"My Love Is Your Love" (US No. 4, UK No. 2) with 3 million copies sold worldwide;[156] and "I Learned from the Best" (US No. 27, UK No. 19).[157][158] These singles became international hits as well, and all the singles, HP Pavilion dv5-2034la Battery

except "When You Believe", became number one hits on the Billboard Hot Dance/Club Play chart. The album sold four million copies in America, making it certified 4× platinum, and a total of eleven million copies worldwide.[42]HP Pavilion dv5-2045la Battery

HP Pavilion dv5-2046la Battery

 

The album gave Houston some of her strongest reviews ever. Rolling Stone said Houston was singing "with a bite in her voice"[159] and The Village Voice called it "Whitney's sharpest and most satisfying so far".[160] In 1999, Houston participated in VH-1's Divas Live '99, alongside Brandy, Mary J. Blige, HP Pavilion dv5-3000 Battery

Tina Turner, and Cher. The same year, Houston hit the road with her 70 date My Love Is Your Love World Tour. The European leg of the tour was Europe's highest grossing arena tour of the year.[161] HP Pavilion dv6-3000 Battery

In November 1999, Houston was named Top-selling R&B Female Artist of the Century with certified US sales of 51 million copies at the time and The Bodyguard Soundtrack was named the Top-selling Soundtrack Album of the Century by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[162]HP Pavilion dv6-3005sa Battery

 She also won The Artist of the Decade, Female award for extraordinary artistic contributions during the 1990s at the 14th Soul Train Music Awards, and an MTV Europe Music Award for Best R&B.[163][164][165][166][167]HP Pavilion dv6-3005TX Battery

 

In May 2000, Whitney: The Greatest Hits was released worldwide. The double disc set peaked at number five in the United States, reaching number one in the United Kingdom.[158][168] In addition, the album reached the Top 10 in many other countries.[169] While ballad songs were left unchanged, the album features house/clubremixes of many of Houston's up-tempo hits. HP Pavilion dv6-3006TX Battery

Included on the album were four new songs: "Could I Have This Kiss Forever" (a duet with Enrique Iglesias), "Same Script, Different Cast" (a duet with Deborah Cox), "If I Told You That" (a duet with George Michael), and "Fine", and three hits that had never appeared on a Houston album: HP Pavilion dv6-3010sa Battery

"One Moment in Time", "The Star Spangled Banner", and "If You Say My Eyes Are Beautiful", a duet with Jermaine Jackson from his 1986 Precious Moments album.[170]Along with the album, an accompanying VHS and DVD was released featuring the music videos to Houston's greatest hits, HP Pavilion dv6-3011TX Battery

as well as several hard-to-find live performances including her 1983 debut on The Merv Griffin Show, and interviews.[171] The greatest hits album was certified 3× platinum in the US, with worldwide sales of 10 million.[172][173]HP Pavilion dv6-3015sa Battery

 

2000–2005: JUST WHITNEY

In August 2001, Houston signed the biggest record deal in music history with Arista/BMG. She renewed her contract for $100 million to deliver six new albums, on which she would also earn royalties.[174][175][176] HP Pavilion dv6-3020sa Battery

She later made an appearance on Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Special. Her extremely thin frame further spurred rumors of drug use. Houston's publicist said, "Whitney has been under stress due to family matters, HP Pavilion dv6-3025sa Battery

and when she is under stress she doesn't eat."[177] The singer was scheduled for a second performance the following night but canceled.[178] Within weeks, Houston's rendition of "The Star Spangled Banner"HP Pavilion dv6-3026tx Battery

 would be re-released after the September 11 attacks, with the proceeds donated to the New York Firefighters 9/11 Disaster Relief Fund and the New York Fraternal Order of Police.[179] The song peaked at No. 6 this time on the US Hot 100, topping its previous position.[157]HP Pavilion dv6-3030sa Battery

In 2002, Houston did an interview with Diane Sawyer to promote her then-upcoming album. The interview was the highest-rated television interview in history.[citation needed] During the prime-time special, Houston spoke on topics including rumored drug use and marriage. She was asked about the ongoing drug rumors and replied, HP Pavilion dv6-3030TX Battery

"First of all, let's get one thing straight. Crack is cheap. I make too much money to ever smoke crack. Let's get that straight. Okay? We don't do crack. We don't do that. Crack is wack."[180] HP Pavilion dv6-3031sa Battery

The line was from Keith Haring's mural which was painted in 1986 on the handball court at 128th Street and 2nd Avenue.[181] Houston did, however, admit to using other substances at times, including cocaine.[180]HP Pavilion dv6-3032sa Battery

 

In December 2002, Houston released her fifth studio album, Just Whitney.... The album included productions from then-husband Bobby Brown, as well as Missy Elliott and Babyface, and marked the first time that Houston did not produce with Clive Davis as Davis had been released by top management at BMG. HP Pavilion dv6-3032TX Battery

Upon its release, Just Whitney... received mixed reviews.[182] The album debuted at number 9 on the Billboard 200 chart and it had the highest first week sales of any album Houston had ever released.[183] HP Pavilion dv6-3033sa Battery

The four singles released from the album, didn't fare well on the Billboard Hot 100, but became Hot Dance Club Play hits. Just Whitney... was certifiedplatinum in the United States, and sold approximately three million worldwide.[184]HP Pavilion dv6-3035sa Battery

 

On a June 2003 trip to Israel, Houston said of her visit, "I've never felt like this in any other country. I feel at home, I feel wonderful."[185]HP Pavilion dv6-3040sa Battery

In late 2003, Houston released her first Christmas album One Wish: The Holiday Album, with a collection of traditional holiday songs. Houston produced the album withMervyn Warren and Gordon Chambers. A single titled "One Wish (for Christmas)" reached the Top 20 on the Adult Contemporary chart, and the album was certified gold in the US. HP Pavilion dv6-3042TX Battery

Having always been a touring artist, Houston spent most of 2004 touring and performing in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and Russia. In September 2004, she gave a surprise performance at the World Music Awards in a tribute to long time friend Clive Davis. After the show, Davis and Houston announced plans to go into studio to work on her new album.[186]HP Pavilion dv6-3044sa Battery

 

In early 2004, husband Bobby Brown starred in his own reality TV program, Being Bobby Brown (on the Bravo network), which provided a view into the domestic goings-on in the Brown household. HP Pavilion dv6-3045sa Battery

Though it was Brown's vehicle, Houston was a prominent figure throughout the show, receiving as much screen time as Brown. The series aired in 2005 and featured Houston in, what some would say, not her most flattering moments. The Hollywood Reporter said it was "undoubtedly the most disgusting and execrable series ever to ooze its way onto television."[187] HP Pavilion dv6-3046sa Battery

Despite the perceived train-wreck nature of the show, the series gave Bravo its highest ratings in its time slot and continued Houston's successful forays into film and television.[188] The show was not renewed for a second season after Houston stated that she would no longer appear in it, and Brown and Bravo could not come to an agreement for another season.[189]HP Pavilion dv6-3047sa Battery

 

2006–2012: RETURN TO MUSIC, I LOOK TO YOU, TOUR AND FILM COMEBACK

Houston released her new album, I Look to You, in August 2009.[190] The album's first two singles are "I Look to You" and "Million Dollar Bill". The album entered the Billboard 200 at No. 1, with Houston's best opening-week sales of 305,000 copies, marking Houston's first number one album since The Bodyguard, HP Pavilion dv6-3048sa Battery

and Houston's first studio album to reach number one since 1987's Whitney. Houston also appeared on European te

levision programs to promote the album. She performed the song "I Look to You" on the German television show Wetten, dass..?. HP Pavilion dv6-3048tx Battery

Three days later, she performed the worldwide first single from I Look To You, Million Dollar Bill, on the French television show Le Grand Journal. Houston appeared as guest mentor on The X Factor in the United Kingdom. HP Pavilion dv6-3050eo Battery

She performed "Million Dollar Bill" on the following day's results show, completing the song even as a strap in the back of her dress popped open two minutes into the performance. She later commented that she "sang [herself] out of [her] clothes".HP Pavilion dv6-3050sa Battery

The performance was poorly received by the British media, and was variously described as "weird" and "ungracious",[191]"shambolic"[192] and a "flop". Despite this reception, "Million Dollar Bill" jumped to its peak from 14 to number 5 (her first UK top 5 for over a decade), HP Pavilion dv6-3055sa Battery

and three weeks after release "I Look to You" went gold. Houston appeared on the Italian version of The X Factor, performing the same song "Million Dollar Bill" to excellent reviews.[193] She was awarded the Gold Certificate for achieving over 50,000 CD sales of "I Look To You" in Italy.[194] HP Pavilion dv6-3056sa Battery

In November, Houston performed "I Didn't Know My Own Strength" at the 2009 American Music Awards in Los Angeles, California. Two days later, Houston performed both songs on the Dancing With The Stars season 9 finale. As of December 2009, HP Pavilion dv6-3057sa Battery

"I Look to You" has been certified platinum by the RIAA for sales of more than one million copies in the United States.[195] On January 26, 2010, her debut album was re-released in a special edition entitled Whitney Houston – The Deluxe Anniversary Edition.[196]HP Pavilion dv6-3060sa Battery

Houston later embarked on a world tour, entitled the Nothing but Love World Tour. It was her first world tour in over ten years and was announced as a triumphant comeback. However, some poor reviews and rescheduled concerts brought some negative media attention.[197][198] HP Pavilion dv6-3065ea Battery

Houston canceled some concerts due to illness and received widespread negative reviews from fans who were disappointed in the quality of her voice and performance. Some fans reportedly walked out of her concerts.[199]HP Pavilion dv6-3067ea Battery

In January 2010, Houston was nominated for two NAACP Image Awards, one for Best Female Artist and one for Best Music Video. She won the award for Best Music Video for her single "I Look to You". HP Pavilion dv6-3068ea Battery

On January 16, she received The BET Honors Award for Entertainer citing her lifetime achievements spanning over 25 years in the industry. The 2010 BET Honors award was held at the Warner Theatre in Washington, D.C. and aired on February 1, 2010. HP Pavilion dv6-3070ea Battery

 Jennifer Hudson and Kim Burrell performed in honor of her, garnering positive reviews. Houston also received a nomination from the Echo Awards, Germany's version of the Grammys, for Best International Artist. HP Pavilion dv6-3077la Battery

In April 2010, the UK newspaper The Mirror reported that Houston was thinking about recording her eighth studio album and wanted to collaborate with will.i.am (of The Black Eyed Peas), her first choice for a collaboration.[200]HP Pavilion dv6-3085ea Battery

Houston also performed the song "I Look to You" on the 2011 BET Celebration of Gospel, with gospel–jazz singer Kim Burrell, held at the Staples Center, Los Angeles. The performance aired on January 30, 2011. Early in 2011, HP Pavilion dv6-3088la Battery

she gave an uneven performance in tribute to cousin Dionne Warwick at music mogul Clive Davis' annual pre-Grammy gala. In May 2011, Houston enrolled in a rehabilitation center again, as an out-patient, citing drug and alcohol problems. A representative for Houston said that it was a part of Houston's "longstanding recovery process".[201]HP Pavilion dv6-3089la Battery

In September 2011, The Hollywood Reporter announced that Houston would produce and star alongside Jordin Sparks and Mike Epps in the remake of the 1976 film Sparkle. In the film, Houston portrays Sparks' "not-so encouraging mother". HP Pavilion dv6-3100 Battery

Houston would have executive producer credits on top of acting credits according to Debra Martin Chase, producer of Sparkle. She stated that Houston deserved the title considering she had been there from the beginning in 2001, HP Pavilion dv6-3100sa Battery

when Houston obtained Sparkle production rights. R&B singer Aaliyah – originally tapped to star as Sparkle – died in a 2001 plane crash. Her death derailed production, which would have begun in 2002.[202][203][204] Houston's remake of Sparkle was filmed in the fall of 2011,[205] and is set for release by TriStar Picturesin August 2012.[206]HP Pavilion dv6-3110ea Battery

Personal life

Throughout the 1980s, Houston was romantically linked to American football star Randall Cunningham and actor Eddie Murphy, whom she dated.[90] She then met R&B singer Bobby Brown at the 1989 Soul Train Music Awards. After a three-year courtship, the two were married on July 18, 1992.[207] HP Pavilion dv6-3110sa Battery

On March 4, 1993, Houston gave birth to their daughter Bobbi Kristina Houston Brown, her only child, and his fourth. Brown would go on to have several run-ins with the law, including some jail time.[207]HP Pavilion dv6-3111sa Battery

 

Though Houston was seen as a "good girl" with a perfect image in the 1980s and early 1990s, by the late 1990s, her behavior changed. She was often hours late for interviews, photo shoots and rehearsals, and canceling concerts and talk-show appearances.[208][209] HP Pavilion dv6-3112sa Battery

With the missed performances and weight loss, rumors about Houston using drugs with her husband circulated. On January 11, 2000, airport security guards discovered marijuana in both Houston's and husband Bobby Brown's luggage at a Hawaii airport, but the two boarded the plane and departed before authorities could arrive. HP Pavilion dv6-3113sa Battery

Charges were later dropped against them,[210] but rumors of drug usage between the couple would continue to surface. Two months later, Clive Davis was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Houston had been scheduled to perform at the event, but failed to show up.[211]HP Pavilion dv6-3114sa Battery

Shortly thereafter, Houston was scheduled to perform at the Academy Awards but was fired from the event by musical director and longtime friend Burt Bacharach. Her publicist cited throat problems as the reason for the cancellation. In his book The Big Show: High Times and Dirty Dealings Backstage at the Academy Awards, HP Pavilion dv6-3115sa Battery

author Steve Pond revealed that "Houston's voice was shaky, she seemed distracted and jittery, and her attitude was casual, almost defiant", and that while Houston was to sing "Over the Rainbow", she would start singing a different song.[212] HP Pavilion dv6-3115tx Battery

Houston later admitted to having been fired.[180] Later that year, Houston's long-time executive assistant and friend, Robyn Crawford, resigned from Houston's management company.[211]HP Pavilion dv6-3116sa Battery

In 2002, Houston became involved in a legal dispute with John Houston Enterprise. Although the company was started by her father to manage her career, it was actually run by company president Kevin Skinner. HP Pavilion dv6-3116tx Battery

Skinner filed a breach-of-contract lawsuit and sued for $100 million (but lost), stating that Houston owed the company previously unpaid compensation for helping to negotiate her $100 million contract with Arista Records and for sorting out legal matters.[213]HP Pavilion dv6-3117sa Battery

 Houston stated that her 81-year-old father had nothing to do with the lawsuit. Although Skinner tried to claim otherwise, John Houston never appeared in court.[214] Houston's father later died in February 2003.[215] The lawsuit was dismissed on April 5, 2004, and Skinner was awarded nothing.[216]HP Pavilion dv6-3118sa Battery

After years of controversy and turmoil, Houston separated from Bobby Brown in September 2006, filing for divorce the following month.[217] On February 1, 2007, Houston asked the court to fast track their divorce.[218] HP Pavilion dv6-3119sa Battery

The divorce was finalized on April 24, 2007, with Houston granted custody of the couple's daughter.[219] On May 4, Houston sold the suburban Atlanta home featured in Being Bobby Brown for $1.19 million.[220]HP Pavilion dv6-3120sa Battery

 A few days later, Brown sued Houston in Orange County, California court in an attempt to change the terms of their custody agreement. Brown also sought child and spousal support from Houston. In the lawsuit, Brown claimed that financial and emotional problems prevented him from properly responding to Houston's divorce petition.[221] HP Pavilion dv6-3121sa Battery

Brown lost at his court hearing as the judge dismissed his appeal to overrule the custody terms, leaving Houston with full custody and Brown with no spousal support.[222] HP Pavilion dv6-3123sa Battery

In March 2007, Clive Davis of Arista Records announced that Houston would begin recording a new album.[223] In October 2007, Arista released another compilation The Ultimate Collection outside the United States.[224]HP Pavilion dv6-3122sa Battery

Houston gave her first interview in seven years in September 2009, appearing on Oprah Winfrey's season premiere. The interview was billed as "the most anticipated music interview of the decade".[225] HP Pavilion dv6-3125sa Battery

Whitney admitted on the show to using drugs with former husband Bobby Brown, who "laced marijuana with rock cocaine".[226] By 1996, she told Oprah, "[doing drugs] was an everyday thing... I wasn't happy by that point in time. I was losing myself."[227]HP Pavilion dv6-3127sa Battery

RELATIONS

On February 9, 2012, Houston visited singers Brandy and Monica, together with Clive Davis, at their rehearsals for Davis' pre-Grammy Awards party at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverley Hills.[228][229] That same day, she made her last public performance, when she joined Kelly Price on stage in Hollywood, California, and sang "Jesus Loves Me".[230][231]HP Pavilion dv6-3130sa Battery

On February 11, 2012, Houston was found dead in suite 434 at the Beverly Hilton Hotel, submerged in the bathtub.[232][233] The cause of death was not immediately known.[234][235] It was later ruled by the coroner to have been "accidental drowning".[236]HP Pavilion dv6-3131sa Battery

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Beverly Hills paramedics arrived at approximately 3:30 p.m. and found the singer unresponsive and performed CPR. Houston was pronounced dead at 3:55 p.m. PST.[234][237] HP Pavilion dv6-3141ea Battery

Local police said there were "no obvious signs of criminal intent."[238] On March 22, 2012, the Los Angeles County coroner's office reported the cause of Houston's death was drowning and the "effects of atherosclerotic heart disease and cocaine use".[239] HP Pavilion dv6-3163eo Battery

The office stated the amount of cocaine found in Houston's body indicates she used the substance shortly before her death.[240] Toxicology results revealed additional drugs in her system: Benadryl, Xanax,marijuana and Flexiril.[241] The manner of death was listed as an "accident".[242]HP Pavilion dv6-3180ea Battery

 

Houston had an invitation-only memorial on Saturday, February 18, 2012, at the New Hope Baptist Church in Newark, New Jersey. The service was scheduled for two hours, but lasted for four hours.[243] Among those who performed at the funeral were Stevie Wonder(rewritten version of "Ribbon in the Sky," and "Love's in Need of Love Today"), HP Pavilion dv6-3298ea Battery

CeCe Winans ("Don't Cry" and "Jesus Loves Me"),Alicia Keys ("Send Me an Angel"), Kim Burrell (rewritten version of "A Change Is Gonna Come") and R. Kelly ("I Look to You"), interspersed with hymns by the church choir and remarks by Clive Davis, Houston’s record producer; HP Pavilion dv6-3299ea Battery

 Kevin Costner; Ricky Minorher music director; her cousin Dionne Warwick and Ray Watson, her security guard for the past 11 years. Aretha Franklin was listed on the program and was expected to sing, but was unable to attend the service.[244][245] HP Pavilion dv6-3300 Battery

Bobby Brown, Houston's ex-husband, was also invited to the funeral but he left before the service began.[246] Houston was buried on Sunday, February 19, 2012, in Fairview Cemetery, in Westfield, New Jersey next to her father, John Russell Houston, who died in 2003.[247]HP Pavilion dv6-3300sg Battery

REACTION

The Clive Davis' pre-Grammy party that Houston was expected to attend, and that featured many of the biggest names in music and movies, went on as scheduled although it was quickly turned into a tribute to Houston. HP Pavilion dv6-3350ef Battery

Davis spoke about Houston's death at the evening's start: "By now you have all learned of the unspeakably tragic news of our beloved Whitney's passing. I don't have to mask my emotion in front of a room full of so many dear friends. HP Pavilion dv6-3350sf Battery

I am personally devastated by the loss of someone who has meant so much to me for so many years. Whitney was so full of life. She was so looking forward to tonight even though she wasn't scheduled to perform. Whitney was a beautiful person and a talent beyond compare. HP Pavilion dv6-3351ef Battery

She graced this stage with her regal presence and gave so many memorable performances here over the years. Simply put, Whitney would have wanted the music to go on and her family asked that we carry on."[248]HP Pavilion dv6-3351sf Battery

 

Tony Bennett spoke of Houston's death before performing at Davis' party. He said, "First, it was Michael Jackson, then Amy Winehouse, now, the magnificent Whitney Houston". Bennett sang "How Do You Keep the Music Playing?" and said of Houston, "When I first heard her, I called Clive Davis and said, 'You finally found the greatest singer I've ever heard in my life.'"[249]HP Pavilion dv6-3355ef Battery

 

Some celebrities opposed Davis' decision to continue on the party while a police investigation was being conducted in Houston's hotel room and her body was still in the building. Chaka Khan, in an interview with CNN's Piers Morgan on February 13, 2012, shared that she felt the party should have been canceled, HP Pavilion dv6-3355sf Battery

saying "I thought that was complete insanity. And knowing Whitney I don't believe that she would have said 'the show must go on.' She's the kind of woman that would've said 'Stop everything! Un-unh. I'm not going to be there.' [...]HP Pavilion dv6-3362ef Battery

I don't know what could motivate a person to have a party in a building where the person whose life he had influenced so enormously and whose life had been affected by hers. They were like... HP Pavilion dv6-3362sf Battery

I don't understand how that party went on."[250] Sharon Osbourne condemned the Davis party, declaring "I think it was disgraceful that the party went on. I don't want to be in a hotel room when there's someone you admire who's tragically lost their life four floors up. HP Pavilion dv6-6000 Battery

I'm not interested in being in that environment and I think when you grieve someone, you do it privately, you do it with people who understand you. I thought it was so wrong."[251]HP Pavilion dv6-6000eg Battery

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